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Full text of "The Louisiana planter and sugar manufacturer, Volume 43"

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The Louisiana planter and 
sugar manufacturer 

Louisiana Sugar Planters' Association, Lousiana Sugar 
Cliemists' Association, American Cane Growers' ... 



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V Oigitized by 



HARVARD UNIVERSITY 

GRADUATE SCHOOL 

OF BUSINESS 

ADMINISTRATION 

BAKER LIBRARY 



FLORENCE T. BAKER 
MEMORIAL FUND 



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Google 



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and Sug:ar Manufactu 

A Weekly Newspaper Devoted to the Sug^ar, Rice and Other Agricultura 



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Vol. XZZZIII. 



NEW ORLEANS, JULY 3, 1909. 



ALLEN TUPPER. 

SEWER PIPE REJECTIONS 

Smooth as Glass Inside. 

Fpr PLANTATION and WAGON Rpad 
Culverts. 

Vulcanite Portland Cement 

Fire Brick, Fire Tile and 

Fire Clay Products. 

Offiee 713 UNION ST., 

P. O. Bex 1616. Telephone Main 1026, 

NEW ORLEANS. 



Ozark Cooperage 

and Lumber Co. 

W. T. KING, Sales Agent, 
503 Morris Building, 

NEW ORLEANS, LA. 

Quick Shipments from New Orleans 
Warehouse. 



ELECTRIC APPUANCE 

C ROBERT CBURCaUU Pm. 

ELECTRICAL EQ 

Fer 8\ig«r F^oterlee 
205-7^ ChMTtree St. New OrleaLiie, V. 8. A 




THE STANDARD IS 

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FOR HAR P WORKB D MVLE8. 

The VaJley Milling Co., V^ 



STEAM PIPE COVERING. 

KRACKC &, FLANDERS. 715-717 PERDIDO ST., NEW ORLEANS. 'Phone Main 1382 



WHITNI 



IRON WORKS CO. si 



-OfTlee - 



S1| 

New Orleans, La. 



SIUEIS i STREAM, tgtits. 213 CimI Si., lew OrlMns, La. 



■■tednrlv eff SUOAR MACHINBRY A SPBUALTY. 
Seto MttiatectiiFera MARSHALL CANB CRUSHBR. 



NOW IN STOCK 

PRACTICALLY READY FOR SHIPMENT 

One New Marshall Cane Crusher 

29" X TS** Complete wltK Geartntf end Cntflae. 

2430** Whitney Filter Presses 
S:iie» 4 Whitney Feed Water Heaters 

Cerrespendence CepeoHy 400 te 1000 H. P. 



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New Orleans, Tulane<Newcomb Bldg. 



HYDRATED 

LIME 



BEST for Clarification. 



THE 

GRASSELLI 

CHEMICAL CO. 

Ml MetMi iMr lEW ORLEANS, LA. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



THE LOUISIAxNA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



»«»W CmwKAW «T >.Ow»t» WW<>% C»'y> 




WMOLCSALf 

AMD 

RETAIL 



5M 540 CAMP ST 
tclEPmOnC m 3/55 



INATHAIN 4& BLOCK, 

Certified 

RubliG >\GeountAnt^ 

And Auditors 

408 Hibernia BIdg., NEW ORLEANS. 

Lone Distance Phone Mmin 4437. 



Bricks! Bricks! 

Delivered anywhere in the 
SUGAR DISTRICT 

and on Bayou Lafourche. De- 
liveries by either raii or water. 
Get our prices. 

Robert E. LeBlanc, 

Paincourtviiie, La. 



WANTED TO PURCHASE 



Machiinery 
Scr^Lp Iron 
Copper and Brass 

Stern Foundry & Machinery Co., 



We pay highest 
market prices 



PHONES 1201 and 3560 

1365 ST. THOMAS STREET 
NEW ORLEANS. LA. 



Southern Chain Works, 



70S-710 MA.aA.ZiIVB ST., 
IVBAR QIROD, 




Manufacturers of THE BEST HAND MADE CHAIN ON EARTH. Evary Link Quarantavd. 



DR. SYLVESTER'S 

COLIC AND BOTTS REMEDY 

svRC AND reliable:. 



Orders lolicited from all parts of the world. 
Abundance of teeilmonlals from laneest sugar 
planters on file In our offlc(>. Write for them. 

Booklet on care and treatment of sick stock 
sent tree upon request At all d rug^sts. 

A. AARONS, New Orlc«.iit. La... U. S. A. 



KilbyFrog«LSwiicliCo. 

BIRMINGHAM. ALABAMA. 

XANtTFAOTUBBBS OF 

Fro^s, Switches, Switch Stands, 
Rail Braces, etc. 

LUht MsterisI for Plantstion Tra.eks in stack for 
immedisto shipment. 

Sibscrihi to the LOUISIANA PLANTER. 



TRIMO PIPE WRENCH and its lnterchani(eable Parts. 




This Wrench Combines Strcnirth, Adaptability, Durability and Economy. 

A WEAK Tool cannot build up a STRONG Business. Study our 20 

years Wrench experience and be convinced. Send for 

Catalog No. 100. 



Trimont Manufacturing Company, Roxbury. Mass. 



THE BEST CAINE CARRIER CHAIN MANUFACTURED 

IS MADE BY THE 

Boland Machine & Mfg. Co. 





ALL KINDS OF SPECIAL CHAIN MADE TO ORDER. 



1006 Tchoupitoulas St. HEW ORLEANS 

SOLE MANUFACTURERS OF MALLON'S LABOR-SAVING DEVICES. 



CANE CRUSHER ROLLER 



RBUABZ RATEINT 




Rbpbbbnces:— LouislBna. Belle Helene and Mllly Plt'ns: Culba, San Lino. Rodasand 
San Jose, at Hatuey; Porto Rloo, Juanita Estate at Bayan^on; Java, Five Estates 



rIS ROLLER may be easily atUchcd to any cane mill, cither two or three 
RoQcr. It will crush, sjpUt and cut the cane, and at the same time extract 
about two-thirds of the juice, and will very thoroughly prepare the cane 
for the second mill, performing all the functions of a first-class crusher, and with 
no more expense than when operating the smooth roller. The roller U made of 
steel and is patented in all cane growing countries. Send us sketch of your present 
top roller amid shaft and we will quote you a low price for a complete crusher roller 
to suit your mill. 

Newell Manufacturing Co. 

I-4Q Broad way » ^^^^y'"'^?JfYT/> 



The Louisiana Planter 

and Sugar Manufacturer 

A Weekly Newspaper Devoted to the Sug^ar, Rice and Other Ag^ricultural Industries of Louisiana 



Vol. XXXXIII. 



NEW ORLEANS, JULY 3, 1909. 



No.l. 



The Louisiana Planter 

— AND— 

Sugar Manufacturer 

OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE 

Louisiana Sdgab Plam-ehs' Association, 
American Cans Gruweks' AssgciAin^.N, 
AscBNSioN Branch Sugar Pulnters' Association. 
Louisiana Sugar Chemists' Association, 
Kansas Sugar Growers' Association, 
Texas Sugar Planters' Association, 
Interstate Cane Growers' Association, 
The Assumption Agricultural and Industrial 
Association. 



Poblif hed at New Orieans, La., every Scturday Mornlns 

BY THE 

LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR 

MANUFACTURER CO. 

DeTOted to Louisiana Agricaltnre In general, and 

to the Sugar Industry In particular, and in all 

^ts branches, Agricultural, Mechanical, 

Chemical, Political and Commercial. 



■ditobial cobps. 
W. C. STUBBS, Ph. D. W. J. THOMPSON. 

W. W. PUGH. JOHN DYMOND. 



Entered at the Postofflce at New Orleans as 
second-class mail matter, July 7, 1888. 

PER ANNUM 

Terms of Subscription (including postage) . . .^3.00 
Foreign Subscription 4.00 

ADVERTISING RATES. 



Space 



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All communications should be addressed to The 
Louisiana Planter, 339 Carondelet street. New 
Orleans, La. 



LIST OF OBGAKIZBRS. 



McCall Brotbbbs, 
McCall & Leobndbf, 

LiBON GODCHAUX, 

Jamrs Teller, 
B. Lbmann & BBC* 
Leoncb Soniat, 
Louis Bush, 
W. E. Brickell, 
W. C. Stubbs, 
John Dymond, 
Daniel Thompson, 
Foos & Barnbtt^ 
H. C. Warmoth, 
Lucius Forstth, Jr., 
Edward J. Gay, 
Shattuck & Hoffman, 
Emile Rost, 
Thomas D. Millbb, 
Schmidt & ZieoiJ1bb« 
T. G. McLaubt, 
L. S. Clabk> 
J. B. Levert, 
Simpson Uornoh, 
W. B. Bloomfiewj, 
W. W. Sutcliffb, 
John S. Moorb, 
James C. Murpbt, 
Jos. Wbbbe, 



R. Beltran, 
Lucien Son I at, 

D. R. Calder, 
L. A. Ellis, 
Hero & Malhiot, 
W. J. Behan, 

J. T. Moorb, Jr., 
Edwards & Haubtman, 
John A. Morris, 

E. H. Cunningham, 

R. VlTEBBO, 

H. C. Minor, 

C. M. SORIA, 

J. li. Harris, 
J. H. Murphy, 
Andrew Price, 
E. & J. KocK, 
Wm. Garig, 
Adolph Meyer, 
A. A. Woods, 
Bradish Johnson, 
George P. Andbbton, 
A. L. Monnot, 
Richard Millikbn, 
W. P. Miles, 
Lbzin a. Becneu r 
J. N. Pharr, 
JuLiB J. Jacob. 



The Cane Crop. 

In the upper portion of the sugar district 
complete satisfaction with the weather con- 
ditions seems to prevail tout in the middle 
and lower portions the complaint Is gen- 
eral of too much rain, which is interfering 
with the work of laying Oby the crop. Ten 
days of liot dry weather would now be very 
welcome indeed and would give the planters 
a chance to administer a final quietus to 
the grass, which has made rapid growth 
during tihe rains. With the exception of this 
interference with the final cultivation of the 
crop everythinig is quite promising. 



Twenty-One Years Old. 

With this Issue the IiOuisiana Planter 
completes its twenty-first year and comes of 
full age. We are quite sure that no other 
sugar Journal in the world has proceeded 
from infancy to maturity with equal success 
in inspiring the confidence of its thousands 
of readers and in having secured for itself 
so complete a list of readers throughout the 
entire world wherever sugar is made from 
cane or (beets. The twenty-one years that 
have elapsed since our first issue, the first 
Saturday in July, 1888, have witnessed won- 
derful progress ia the sugar industry every- 
where. It is generally asserted, and we be- 
lieve that it is true, that this journal has 
Ibeen a very important factor in this great 
progressive movement. The sugar planters 
of Louisiana, having organized as an asso- 
ciation in 1877, felt for a long time the ne- 
cessity of having some organ that could 
speak out definitely and authoritatively and 
intelligently for them. The constantly fall- 
ing prices of sugar had compelled on the 
part of the planters a degree of studious at- 
tention to the merits of the sugar industry 
in all of its phases, as the industry was evi- 
dently changing its whole course. The or- 
ganization of 'the Sugar Planters' Association 
led to the organization of the Sugar 'Experi- 
ment Station and this soon thereafter to 
the organization of the Audubon Sugar 
School. In the meantime the desire for an 
organ to represent the association led the 
representative planters of the state to Join 
hands and start this journal and since it 
came before the public it Ihas spoken for 
itself. As is generally Qmown, twenty-one 
years ago there was no sugar journal in this 
state, nor was there any cotton journal, al- 
though these were the two dominant indus- 
tries of the state. A cotton journal had been 
started and subsequently suspended. There 



were two newspapers In the state that had 
the word "sugar" in their names, the West 
Baton Rouge Sugar Planter and the New 
Iberia Sugar Bowl, neither of which gave 
any special attention to sugar. DeBow's 
Review, a monthly publication that had giv- 
en much attention to sugar ibefore the civil 
war, resumed publication directly after the 
war, but this was then devoted more to poli- 
tico-eoonomic smbjects and its publication 
was entirely discontinued about 1876. The 
advent of the Loxhsiana Plaitteb, edited hf 
men wlho were thoroughly familiar with the 
sugar business from its beginning to its 
end, enaibled every sugar planter of Douis- 
iana and, in fact, the sugar producers 
throughout the world, to take cognizance of 
every progressive movement in the way of 
improvement or economy in the cultivation 
of sugar cane and in the manufacture of 
cane into sugar. 

The polariscope had not ibeen long intro- 
duced Into the sugar Industry and had only 
ibeen adopted in 1883 by the general gov- 
ernment as the means of determining the 
classification of raw sugars. Throug«h the 
LouisiAj^A Planteb's careful (reporting and 
collating of all experimental work carried 
on either bere or elsewhere, with corre- 
spondence reaching throughout the entire 
world, Louisiana quickly became the intel- 
lectual Mecca of the raw sugar world and 
gained perhaps a conspicuity In this direc- 
tion that it scarcely deserved upon the mer- 
its of the sugar crops that it produced 

It has been a notable fact that we >have 
had in Louisiana an exceptionally intelli- 
gent set of men engaged in the sugar busi- 
ness and further that we have had in Louis- 
iana to contend with very nearly every in- 
jury that the cane crop was liable to. The 
industry had evolved during the sixty or 
seventy years of its existence in this state 
from the ordinary horse mill level of pro- 
duction, such as Is carried on so largely in 
the 'East Indies at this time, up to the use 
of double mills, the direct consumption of 
the bagasse from the mills and the multiple 
effect use of heat. Our sugar planters were 
very willing experimenters and had the in- 
initelllgence to appreciate every invention 
that was submitted to them. 

Dr. Fortier, of Tulane University, in Ihls 
recently puJblished blstory of Louisiana, re- 
fers to a statement made by a prominent 
Lpuisianian in the early days of the sugar 
industry to the effect that the enterprise of 
the sugar planters of Louisiana was their 
conspicuous characteristic: "Whenever they 



Digitized uy ^s1jV>- 



jfegle 






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^'oMilb 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xllll, No. 1 



made any money they always spent it on 
improvements." 

The venturesome spirit of our sugar 
planters and their exploitation of eo many 
methods of culture and manufacture and the 
full and complete accounting for all of these 
by our Experiment Station and in the col- 
umns of this journal, quickly directed the 
attention of the rest of the world to Liouis- 
iana, to learn what they could from us that 
might he of use to them in their own indus- 
tries. We recall now the visit to tftiis coun- 
try of a Javanese sugar planter some twen- 
ty-five years ago, who desired to look over 
the agricultural side of our industry and 
also its manufacturing side, <but without any 
considera/tion of the labor question, as the 
wages of the Javanese were ordinarily but 
from 10 to 12 cents per day and they were 
more interested out there in the quality of 
the work done, in the quality of the produce 
and in the yield of produce secured than 
tAiey were in its cost from a laibor point of 
view. 

There has been a vast change in the in- 
dustrial world almost everywhere since that 
time. Australia has determined upon a 
white Australia and deported all the Kanaka 
labor and is now making 150,000 to 200,000 
tons of sugar in the Australian Common- 
wealtih. The labor question there is quite a 
serious one. The la/bor problem in the British 
West Indies, other than in the island of Bar- 
bados, seema to be quite a serious one and in 
Hawaii, Porto Hico and Cuba the complaints 
are practically continuous as to the diffi- 
culty in securing and controlling labor. The 
rest of the world therefore has now come to 
apprecale our mechanical devices for hand- 
ling sugar cane with animal power in the 
fields, from the fields to the factories and the 
loading of the cane on the cane carriers, or 
conductors at the factories. These things 
have all been worked out in * Louslana and 
Lousiana suggestions or inventions are prac- 
tically the only ones that have become suc- 
cessful and the knowledge of which has 
been given to the entire sugar world through 
the columns of tiie Loxtisiana Plantb&. 

We claim our share of all this grand work 
and feel that if the Louisian Planteb did no 
more hereafter than keep ita readers posted 
with what is going on in the sugar world it 
would have done in its life a vast amount 
of good for the industry it represents. We 
know however that we are only on the thres- 
hold of scientific research into our industry. 
It, of course, involves all collateral industries 
and the vast amount of study now going on 
at the Agricultural Experiment Station is 
very closely related and we learn from each 
other. Plant life has been very much of 
a mystery. The big trees of California that 
come down to us from a previous geological 
epoch, with lives of several thousands of 
years for those that ,are still standing, con- 
stitute as far as we know, one extreme of 
plant life. Other plants may bloom and die 
in a day, and yet we know but little of the 
anatomy and physiology of these plants. 



the same have been going to their various 
plantations for many years and we hope 
have contributed very considerably to their 
success as cane growers and sugar manu- 
facturers. 



many of which have their parallels in ani- 
mal life and have come to be recognized as 
among the living things of this earth that 
demand consideration. We are only coming 
now to realize that as we get the breath of 
life from the circumambient air the fishes 
get theirs from the oxygen that passes 
through their gills and plants get theirs 
through the soil in which they grow, breath- 
ing thd air in their roots and exhaling it 
through their leaves. This is a compara- 
tively new doctrine, tout is seemingly well 
established and every tiller of the soil is 
now taught that unless he gets his land in 
fine tilth he cannot possibly secure satisfac- 
tory cultural results. Alexander the Great 
cried for additional worlds to conquer. We 
are not quite so demonstrative, but we cer- 
tainly know that there is a vast amount of 
work yet to be done and we are willing to 
do our part, and when we, or those who suc- 
ceed us, shall celebrate our coming of age 
again, some twenty one years hence, we have 
no doubt that the record of those twenty- 
one years' progress then made in the sugar 
industry will present many extraordinary 
features and many of them not now thought 

of. * r> ;^ ' ^ *^ 

i V ^ ^ — 

Colonial Sug^ar Refininj^ Company 

The Colonial Sugar Refining Company 
held its semi-annual meeting at Sydney, 
New South Wales on April 30, in which a re- 
port was made to the stockholders of a net 
gain of about |813,000. With the surplus 
left on hand previously about a million dol- 
lars was available for distribution and a 
dividend at the rate of 10 per cent, per annum 
was declared and $282,500 was carried for- 
ward as a surplus. 

In the report to the stockholders it was 
stated that the adverse weather experienced 
at the various sugar factories during the 
last spring and summer caused a consider- 
able reduction in tlhe season's output and to 
some extent affected the growing cane crops. 
An increase in the consumption of sugar in 
Australia and in New Zealand is being an- 
ticipated by some addition to the buildings 
and plants at three of the refineries. 

It was thought that the production of 
sugar in Australia would fall short of the 
consumption, rendering some importation 
necessary. This of course would tend to 
sustain values in Australia. 

Efforts were recently made to demon- 
strate to the public that there was an un- 
fair division in the profits of sugar manu- 
facture between the sugar producers and the 
growers of sugar cane. The management 
of tihe Colonial Company stated that the 
claims made were simply absaird and that 
as a matter of fact the margin of profit to 
them as manufacurers was perhaps scarce- 
ly large enough, considering the risks in- 
volved. 

This great cane growing and sugar pro- 1 room for them as well as their opponents, 
ducing corporation in Australia and New | The rat problem is attracting attention ev- 
Zealand subscribes for some fifteen or I ery where as industrial losses become a mat- 
twenty copies of the Louisiana PiAifTEB and ter of greater and greater concern with the 



The Brown kat in the United States. 

The U. S. (Department of Agriculture has 
for 8ome time been taking cognizance of the 
enormous industrial losses occurring in the 
United States owing to the depredations ef- 
fected by rats and mice. The interest excit- 
ed in this problem at present has been ac- 
tuated doubtless by the outbreaks of plague 
that have occurred during recent years in 
various countries cmd the perhaps definitely 
ascertained fact that these outbreaks are 
traceable to rats as the convereys or hosts 
of the disease. Jn fact it is stated that the 
parasitic flees that infest these rats are the 
true conveyers of the plague and the plague 
can best be resisted by the destruction of the 
rats. In Japan it was reported that their lo- 
cal governments are now destroying several 
hundred thousands to a million of rats an- 
nually. 

The idustrial phase of the rat invasion, 
which is now presented to us is, of course, a 
very old one, but has seemed about as inevi- 
table and unavoidable as the pests of files, 
fieas and mosquitoes, that are found in every 
civilized community. The brown, or Norway 
rat which is the subject of Bulletin No. 33 of 
the Department of Agriculture, is a compar- 
atively recent immigrant into the United Sta. 
tes. Fifty years ago they were never spoken 
of otherwise than as Norway rats, the inva- 
sion by those pests having been somewhat 
recent and named from the country of their 
origin. The black rat, which was an immi- 
grant into the United States at an earlier 
date, came in presumably from Europe over 
three centuries ago. The Norway rat of 
more recent importation, is larger in size and 
seems to have almost exterminated the black 
rat either by competition in search of food, 
or by actual confilct. The black rat however 
survives to some extent in nearly all the 
states in the federal union and is reported 
to be abundant in parts of the 'South. A va- 
riety of rat, called the Roof, or Alexandrian 
rat is similar to the black rat in form and 
habits, but not in color. 

In regard to the black rat we should state 
that in the ratting experience of over half a 
century we never saw one until within a year 
or two ago, when in experimenting in various 
ways for the suppression of rats in Plaque- 
mines Parish of this state quite a number of 
rat traps were used and with them we secured 
out of say 50 or 75 rats, six or seven that 
were unquestionably of the black rat family. 
This would show tbat they have survived 
the competition of the Norway rat in Louis- 
iana and would suggest that possibly the am- 
ple food supply found in this state makes 



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^ July 3, 1909.] 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



^narrowing margins of profit in most indus- 
^/ trial pursuits. The utilization of toy-prodncts 
-Pmuring the last twenty or thirty years has 
^largely revolutionized manufacturing indus- 
tries and at the same time the suppression 
of waste has i>een found equally essential 
and into that problem the rat question has 
entered very seriously. This year Louisiana 
promises to yield an enormous corn crop, one 
that will probably require more or less expor- 
tation of the cereal to get rid of the surplus 
and the rat problem collides yery seriously 
with the profits of com culture. Rats will 
attack rice in staciks, but are presumed not 
to attack it in any very great extent where it 
is tored in bulk. 

Our scientists during recent years have 
been endeavoring to secure some parasite or 
(bacillus that will attack the rats and not at- 
tack other things and would in this way en- 
able us to control the rat pest. But thus far, 
these efforts, although earnestly prosecuted, 
do not seem to have been very successful, 
with com and rice crops to the value of mil- 
lions of dollars and with much other mater- 
ial liable to Injury by rats there is probaibly 
no state in the federal union where the rat 
problem Is a more serious one than it is now 
in Louisiana, It demands that every one in- 
terested should maike all possible efforts for 
rat suppression and not sit passively and per- 
mit the rats to take all they want and them 
lament the resulting loss. 



ing many years will continue with equal suc- 
cess in the hands of the present manage- 
ment 



Bradford Shinkle. 

This well-known merchant, ibanker and 
capitalist of Cincinnati, died at his resi- 
dence in Covington, Ky., on May 7, aged 
63 years. Owing to the temporary absence 
of the editor his death was not noted in our 
columns at that time. For more than a 
generation, the name of Shinkle has .been a 
familiar one among the sugar and coffee 
merchants of New Orleans. Mr Shinkle 
entered into mercantile life In Cincinnati, 
directly after the civil war, his father, Capt. 
Amos Shinkle, of Covington, Ky., having 
been a famous and successful steamboat man 
and had accumulated much wealth before 
the civil war and the general spread of rail- 
ways all over the country. 

Mr. Bradford Shinkle quickly came to the 
front as an important wholesale groo«r and 
his (business has continued the largest of its 
kind in the Ohio valley up to the present 
time. It was the custom of Mr. Shinkle's 
firm to have a resident partner in New Or- 
leans during all of the active season. Mr. 
Tom Howell resided here during the winters 
for many years and later Mr. John Krels, 
recently deceased, did the same Mr. Shin- 
kle's was the only house that preserved in 
New Orleans the traditions of the good old 
days of the sugar trade before the war. 

Mr. Shinkle leaves in his business a wor- 1 
thy successor, his son Clifford, very similar 
to his father in appearance, energy and abil- 
ity, and Mr. 9hlnkle*s many friends will 
hope that the business so well founded and 
so carefully and successfully conducted dur- 



Bad Business in Sutrar Ref inintr in 

Qermany. 

Through the columns of La Sucrerie Indi- 
gene et ColoniaJe we learn that at a recent 
meeting of the stockholders of the sugar re- 
finery at Mannheim, Germany, it was de- 
termined to discontinue work in the sugar 
refinery and to dissolve the corporation. All 
this would indicate the increasing pressure 
that comes to the beet sugar refineries in 
Germany because of the constantly increasln 
manufacture of pure white beet sugar di- 
rectly from the beet Juice in the hundreds 
of beet sugar factories that are arranged for 
that purpose. These modem factories can 
produce pure white beet sugar without the 
use of bone black and do all this with a 
de^ee of economy that, as indicated by the 
experience of the Mannheim Sugar Refin- 
ery, is driving the sugar refineries out of 
the business. 

On the other hand, we learn from Le Jour- 
nal d€8 Fabricants de Sucre that the Western 
Sugar Refining , Company, of Amsterdam, 
with three million fiorins of capital, or 
about a million and a quarter dollars, has 
recently had a general annual stockholders' 
meeting, to which the report was made of 
the results of the business up to Decem- 
ber 31, 1908, and this report was quite fa- 
vorable. The balance sheet showed a net 
gain of about |145,000. A part of this was 
carried to a sinking fund and a dividend 
of 270,000 fiorins, or |108,000, or 9 per cent, 
was declared on the capital out of the earn- 
ings of the year. These data would show 
that the Dutch are at least holding their 
own in the sugar refining business in Hol- 
land. Their skill is such that when of late 
years we have had any importations of for- 
eign refined sugars they have generaly been 
from Holland. 

Cane Suj^ar in Japan. 

We have In this country a variety of can* 
sometimes called Zwenga and sometimes 
Japan cane. This cane is raised at present 
to r considerahle extent la Ploil-Ja and is a 
geriuine sugar cane,, although net of as good 
quality as our standard purple and striped 
caues. There has been an impression abroad 
tl at Japan raised no sugar cane on the main 
13 lid of its islands and was now dependent 
upon its recent acquisition of Formosa for 
:Rne ?ygar grown under its own control. 

We now learn, from the inquiries insti- 
tuted by Mr. Otto Licht of Magdeburg, 
Germany, certain data derived from the of- 
ficial reports concerning cane culture in cer^ 
tain districts in Japan, in Honshiu, Central 
and Western, Shikokn, Kiuehiu, Hokkaido, 
or Tezo. The area planted altogether ag- 
gregates about 45,000 acres of sugar cane 
and the cane crop gathered reached 664,000 
metrical tons, a yield of only about 13 tons 



per acre. The amount of sugar obtained was 
50,872, an industrial yield of 9.6 per cent 
This would indicate that Japan has a yery 
positive cane sugar industry of its own at 
home. 

The attention how given by Japan to tSe 
development of the sugar industry in For- 
mosa bids fair to make that island a very 
prominent sugar producer. BV)rmosa is 286 
miles long and has an area of about 16,000 
square miles and a .population of about 2 
millions. The Island is certainly capable 
of making half a million tons of cane sugar 
at no vexj remote date and the Japanese 
certainly have in mind aocompli^ing this, 
considering how actively they are now go- 
ing into the sugar industry there with 
every improved device known 4x) them. The 
native population of Formosa is a race sim- 
ilar to the Japanese themselves and they 
seem to resent very severely the taking over 
of their lands without their consent and it 
may be dilBcult to put these two millions 
of people to work at any early date. That 
problem is for the Japanese. Ours seems 
to lie in the Philippines, where 6 or 10 mil- 
lion tons of sugar could he produced with 
ease if the 8 or 10 millions of Filipino people 
would all work like Industrious AmeMcan 
farmers. Wasn't it Dean Swift who said, 
'Tou can't make a silk purse out of a sow's 
ear"? and it may be a little difficult for us 
to make good American citizens out oH 
President Taft's pets, Ibut we fancy the 
Japanese wont worry themselves much over 
the matter, but will simply annihilate their 
opponents * and fill Che country with home 
grown Japanese as the need arises. 



Pennsylvania Sugar Refinery. 

As this now famous sugar refinery has 
been released from the control of the Amer- 
ican Sugar Refining Company, and is said to 
have a capacity of turning out 2000 barrels 
of refined sugar per day, and to do &at with 
all possible economy, the people of that sec- 
tion of the country are now very much in- 
terested in the possibility of the corporation 
engaging actively in the sugar refining trade. 
The Chrooery World and €^enerdl Merchant of 
Philadelphia states that there Is every reason 
to expect that the company will now begin 
refining for its own account. They refer to 
Ibut two refineries now in active operation in 
Philadelphia, the plant of the Franklin refin- 
ery and that of McCahan & Qo., the former 
of which belongs to the American Sugar He- 
fining Ck)., and the latter independent, but 
working in friendly relations with each other. 
This would indicate that the great Spreckles 
refinery in Philadelphia, which belongs to 
the American Sugar Refining Co., is not in 
operation. 

It is surmised that If the Pennsylvania 
now enters the field and pursues a course of 
absolute independence, It may have to reduce 
prices in order to get new business and this 
would precipitate confiict with members of 
the old regime. 



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THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xhii, No. 1 



Queensland Suear Experiment Station. 

With the withdrawal of ©r. Walter Max- 
well from the control of the Sugar Experi- 
ment >Station at Queensland, arrangements 
are making for funds with which to carry- 
on the work of the new regime. It was an- 
ticipated thait the funds that had accumulated 
would haye (been exhausted at a/bout this time 
and it is proposed to levy a tax of one cent 
per ton on sugar cane for the next season, al- 
though a full jC>enjiy, or two cents is author- 
ized (by the law. In discussing the matter the 
Queenslander holds that the larger tax levy 
cftiould fbe made. It is propose^ that the 
.present Mackey Experiment Station shall 
continue to fbe tiie head station and the two 
su'b-statione shall (be established, one in the 
iBundaberg district and one in the Cairns 
district, thus practically carrying experimen- 
tal work throughout the localities from the 
•South to the Nortb. It is incidentally stated 
that there will ibe two travelling lalboratory 
plants to maike the necessary analyses of 
canes and sugars lor the farmers and manu- 
facturers. iSoil analysis .will be made in 
- -ackey for the North and the chief chemist 
will operate for Bunda(berg and the South. 

The administration of these stations will 
'be under the agricultural department, so that 
the bureaus and ^ugar experiment stations 
will toe under more direct administrative 
control than hitherto. 



Suifar Plantation in Cliancery. 

Out in the British West Indian Island of 
Antigua several sugar plantations are in the 
hands of the courts and are presumably car- 
ried on (by the court for the creditors, as is 
done with receivers in this country. These 
official receivers in Antigua are aible to (bor- 
row money under an Agricultural Aids Act 
on the sugar and molasses crops that are to 
be harvested and sums toorrowed toy these 
receivers in chancery become a first charge 
against the estates should the crops not real- 
ize sufficient to pay the loan. The amounts 
borrowed in this way for the crop of 1909 up 
to the end of April amount to a hundred 
thousand pounds sterling, or half a million 
dollars. Antigua makes an annual average 
of over 20,000 tons of sugar. 



Porto Rico Suifar Crops. 

We give below the crops of the various su- 
gar plantations in Porto Rico as compiled by 
the Porto Rico Horticultural News, which 
shows the crop now closing as reaching 281,- 
000 long tons as against 230,000 last year. 
The figures are stated to toe approximate to 
some extent, tout as practically correct. Con- 
sidering liha wonderful progress now making 
in Porto Rico and Judging toy what we could 
readily do in Louisiana if we had the same 
facilities, we sftiould say that within a few 
years Porto Rico will reach and prdbably 
exceed the Hawaiian Islands in sugar pro- 
duction and soon reach ^ tx)tal of half a mil- 
lion long tons. 

It will be noticed that the great Guanica 
sugar estatolishment has turned out this year 



43,000 tons and Aguirre and Fajardo about 
18,000 tons each, with other great establish- 
ments not far toehind. 

It will Ibe noticed that there continues to 
be a moderate production of open kettle, or 
Muscovado, sugar, to the extent of nearly 
6O00 tons and the very high prices that choice 
Porto Rico molasses torings in the New En- 
gland states may inmire the continuance of 
a moderate production of these goods in Por- 
to Rico for some years to come. 

The detailed figures as given toy the Hor- 
ticultural News are as follows: 

1909 1908 

Sacks. Tons. Toils. 

Aguirre 18,500 11,170 

.Vltagracia 4,500 562 1,764 

Arcadia 25.000 3.125 1,499 

Boca Chica 15,000 1,875 1,429 

Buena Vista 33,000 4,125 4,200 

(^ambalache 9.»,U00 11,875 7,887 

Canovanas 40,000 5,000 6,780 

Carmen 30,000 3.750 4,220 

Ooloso 44,000 5,.500 3,637 

Columbia 42,000 5,250 5,394 

Corsica 29,000 3.625 2,700 

Constancia -xoXtOO 6,000 6,600 

Constancia (Ponce).. 20.000 2,500 1,537 

Cortado 16.000 2.000 1,541 

Kl Ejemplo 28.000 3,500 2,750 

Vlsperanza 32.000 4,000 3,115 

Esperanza (Vieques) 38,000 4.750 2.273 

Eureka 26,000 3.2.50 3,344 

Fajardo 18,000 15,322 

Florida 18,000 2,250 1,501 

Fortuna 80,000 10,000 4,710 

Guanica 43,400 42,836 

.Tnanita 42,000 5.250 3,500 

.Tuncos 48.000 6,000 4,252 

Lafavetty 70,000 8.750 4,265 

Los Canos 44,000 5,500 4,639 

Machete 75.000 9,375 4.464 

Mavaj^uez Sugar Co.. 16,000 2,000 

Mercedita (Ponce).. 60,000 7,500 4,369 

Mercedita 68,000 8,500 6.846 

Monserrate 35.000 4,370 6,112 

Oriente 10,000 VZok) 3,235 

l>agan 37,000 4,625 4,90M 

Pasto Viejo 27,600 3,375 4,123 

Playa Grande 38,000 4.750 2,856 

Plazuela 100,000 12,500 10,62n 

Progreso 12,000 1,500 1,761 

Providencia 48.000 6,000 3,008 

Rufina 30;il8 3,765 2,617 

San Cristobal 26,000 3,250 4,305 

Santa Juana 14.000 1.750 1,779 

Santa Maria 12,00 1,500 1,036 

San Vicente 80,000 1,000 9,207 

Total 276,847 224,319 

Muscavado 5,700 6,776 

Total for island 281,399 230,095 



the matter along the 'boundary line and will 
shortly report to the government. 

iWe would say in this connection that there 
is a town near the tooundary line oalled 
Souris, the French for mouse, and when 
there we made inquiry as to the origin of 
the name, but no one seemed to know. It 
occurred to us 'bhat it had originated through 
some one of the rodentia plentiful in the 
neighborhood, possibly the beaver and more 
likely perhaps some of the smaller members 
of the family, such as the prairie dog. 



Rats in -Manitoba. 

U. S. Consul General John Edward Jones 
at Winnipeg, says that the current report is 
that the (rats from the South are invading 
IManitoba and are marching on Winnipeg. 
It ap^ars that the rats are invading Mani- 
to^ba from some base in tiie United .States 
and they have already reached the towns of 
Bmerson and iGretna a few miles north of 
the Canadian boundary line and are said to 
Ibe trekking northward. All of the towns in- 
terested are taking up the subject matter 
and are hoping to devise some plan to prop- 1 
erly meet the situation. Western Canada] 
and particularly the grain belt, is reported 
to have always (been free from rats and the 
farmers are much concerned at their ap- 
pearance and the threatened destruction of 
their harvested grain. The Deputy Minister 
of Agriculture is making an investigation of 



A Cane Qrub Parasite. 

Reference is made in a recent issue of the 
Queenslander to a parasite seen recentl^^ at- 
tacking sugar cane gruibs. The parasite was 
a small insect, practically microscopic, that 
attacked these cane gruibs. They were 
seemingly similar to a tick and fed on the 
grub and deposited their eggs by the hun- 
dreds in the crevices of the grulb's Ibody. 
These eggs mature and hatch in a very short 
time and the young can (be found with a 
powerful glass moving about in the soil, 
evidently in seardi of a host on whidh to 
live and reproduce themselves. This hint 
as to this parasite attacking the sugar cane 
grub might he of considerable value wher- 
ever such gruhs are known to exist, (but the 
particular grub has no name given to it in 
this article. By the context we learn that 
it is evidently found in the soil where sugar 
canes grow and the parasite there is 
attacking the grubs in this soil and seems to 
have destroyed many of them. It is sug- 
gested that the Australian 'Department of 
Agriculture should cultivate the parasite for 
future use in districts wfhere the grubs ap- 
pear, as otherwise when It has exterminated 
the grubs where it now exists, the parasite 
may be lost. Mr. Tryon of the Australian 
Department of Agriculture, is looking into 
the matter with a view of preparing a re- 
port upon it. 

Wlhile there are various grubs in our 
Louisiana cane field soils, we are not aware 
that any one of them is particularly injuri- 
ous to the sugar cane. Our suffering here 
has been chiefly with cane borers, whidi 
carry on their grufb life within the walls of 
the cane. 



Personal. 



Mr. L. J. B. Mestier, superintendent and 
chief chemist at Central Ansonia, Azua, Santo 
Domingo, has recently arrived in the city. He 
reports very good work in the island. Ansonia 
has, he says, made the record of the tropics 
this year, 22 pounds first sugar per ton cane, 
with a recovery of 91.5 per cent of the sucrose 
in the juice. The outlook this year is very 
satisfactory and a much larger yield is looked 
for. A number of the houses there are making 
(juite extensive repairs this year. 

Colonel Thos. Beary, with several members 
of his family, came down from Lafourche par- 
ish during the past week and spent some time 
at the Grunewald hotel. 

Hon. Andrew McCollam, of Terrebonne par- 
ish, was at the Monteleone hotel on Friday 
last. 

Hon. .Tohn D. Shaffer, of Terrebonne parish, 
was a Saturday guest of the St. Charles ho- 
tel. 



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THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



LOCAL LETTERS. 



Ascension. 

(SPECIAL COBBE8PONDBMC8.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

Another week of favorable "growing" weath- 
er—consisting of frequent local showers and 
uniformly high temperatures — has been vouch- 
safed the sugar planters, and in consequence 
there is but one report to be made of the 
situation in this particular section of the sugar 
belt, and that is a repetition of the familiar 
and welcome "All's well," which has been the 
gist and tenor of the summary of crop pros- 
pects in this locality since the advent of the 
present year. Not only iS cane doing exception- 
ally well, but corn, cotton and rice are growing 
nicely, and the outlook for a highly satisfactory 
yield of all these crops is unusually favorable 
and promising. 

William A. Dill, the well known Donaldson- 
ville coppersmith and boiler maker, left Satur- 
day night for Iberville parish, where he will be 
engaged for several days in drying out second 
sugars at the Murrell Company's Tally Ho 
factory, at Bayou Goula. Mr. Dill is chief 
sugar boiler of the Tally Ho mill, having filled 
this responsible position with conspicuous creait 
and ability for a number of years past. 

George Boote, general manager of the ex- 
tenive Uape Cruz central plantation, at Em- 
senada de Mora, Cube, arrived here last Sunday 
on a visit to his wife and daughter, who are 
spending the summer with Mrs. Boote's father, 
J. B. Quimby. Fred Werner, Sr., of Donald- 
sonville, is chief sugar boiler of the Cape Cruz 
factory, and among the other principals of 
the efficient mechanical staff of this modern 
mill are Mrs. Werner's son and brother, Fred 
Werner, Jr., and Joseph Werner. Mr. Boote 
Is looking the picture of health, a fact which 
affords much gratification to his legion of friends 
and acquaintances in this community. 

Hon. Henry lilcCall, collector of customs at 
the port of New Orleans, spent the week very 
pleasantly at his ancestral home on Evan Hall 
plantation. Of course, he took occasion during 
his stay to make a thorough inspection of the 
crop on Evan Hall and adjacent places, and, 
equally of course, his outing was rendered all 
the more enjoyable by the satisfaction he de- 
rived from finding the cane fields in such splen- 
did shape. 

Diedrich Ohlmeyer, one of Louisiana's fore- 
most sugar cooks, left Monday for the wilbert 
Company's Myrtle Grove factory, near White- 
castle, Iberville parish, where he will superin- 
tend the operation of drying out second and 
third sugars. Mr. Ohlmeyer has been in charge 
of the sugar boiling department of the Myrtle 
Grove mill for a long number of years, and has 
never failed to acquit himself of the duties 
of this important and trying position in a most 
successful and satisfactory manner. 

Th Lemann Company, limited, has filed suit 
against the Texas and Pacific railroad for 
$5,825 damages, alleging that through the care- 
lessness and negligence of the defendant com- 
pany's employes and servants a ware house, 
storage building and cooper shop belonging to 
the plaintiffs and situated on the Peytavin 
plantation, in the Fourth ward, were destroyed 
by fire caused by sparks from a passing locomo- 
tive. The conflagration took place several 
months ago. 



The last will and testament of Margaret Me- 
linda Miles, daughter of the late Hon. William 
Porcher Miles, of Burnside, was probated in 
the district court of this parish on June 5. 
The document is dated at San Francisco, June 
3, 1901, and among the legacies of public in- 
terest mentioned are $5,000 to the library of 
Tulane University, $1,000 to Kingsley House 
and $1,000 to the Louisiana Society for the 
Prevention of Cruelty to Children. An inheri- 
tance tax of $4,479.85, being 5 per cent of the 
total estate, was paid to the sheriff of Ascen- 
sion parish by the executors of the property. 
Miss Miles and her sister. Miss Bettie Miles, 
have already given $3,500 to the Tulane library. 

Ascension. 



Iberville. 

(SPECIAL COBRBSPONDENCB.i 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

Uenerally speaking, we have been receiving 
fair play at the hands of the elements. The 
greater part of the parish has been without rain 
and the hot days are bringing out the cane 
and com, in fact, all crops beautifully. The 
cane is growing fast, having had some good 
rains and now some hot sun. It was feared 
for a time that the rains would injure the 
corn, but this cereal is making good, and the 
planters will have a large crop of com. The 
rain has injureu the pea vines somewhat, 
but we are thankful as matters stand. The 
rice has, to a certain extent, been benefited by 
the rains, as the crop is growing rapidly and in 
some places beginning to bead. To freshen up the 
plant generally, all rice planters would welcome 
some good rains about this time. On the Eleo- 
nore plantation of Mr. P. C. Lorio, he has 
several stretches of rice which is heading and 
will make an early har\'est. This rice, he says, 
was planted March 1, just missing the cold 
spells in the latter part of February, which \m- 
jured all rice planted at that time. 

This week the Allemania wound up a run 
of five or six weeks in making seconds. Not 
a great deal of improvement will be made at 
the Allemania and outside of the usual thor- 
ough repair no material changes are contem- 
plated. 

Your correspondent had occasion to visit the 
White Castle section on Wednesday and to meet 
Mr. Alcide Daigle, of Laurel Ridge. He speaks 
very encouragingly of his crop, and seems WajU 
f^tisfied with the outlook. At his sugar house 
he says that he will put in some new centrifu- 
gals, which will about constitute all the im- 
provements for this year. 

At the Belle Grove, of the estate of James 
A. Ware, the Walsh feeder, which has been 
on hand for several years, will be erected. 
Loading with hooks from cars has been the 
method used so far. Mr. Stone Ware, now in 
general charge, says that he has in a large 
and increased acreage of cane, which is doing 
fine, and an increase in his loading capacity is 
found necessary. 

Mr. Louis S. Webre, of the Bellevue planta- 
tion, on Grosse Tete, has entered into an 
agreement with the farmers of his section, 
whereby he has agreed to furnish all the lumber 
for the erection of a large, first class draw 
bridge across Bayou urosse Tete at a point 
near his Bellevue factory, if they would do the 
work. At the next meeting of the police jury 
Mr. Webre will ask that it furnish the hard- 
ware for the bridge and that they accept it 
when completed. This bridge will give many 



needed facilities to all the residents of both 
sides of the bayou for several miles. All the 
planters in that section have tabooed cotton 
and are going into cane. It is more than proba- 
ble that some 5,000 tons of extra cane will 
be raised this year, with the chance of tripling 
it next year. The better part of this cane will 
be ground at Bellevue. 

Mr. Jules A. Carville, from the Fifth ward, 
on the east side, was a visitor to Plaquemine 
on Thursday. He has much to relate of the 
change of all the planters in his section- from 
cotton to cane. The Y. and M. V. road mns 
through the section and affords ample chance 
for getting rid of the sane. A good factory in 
chat section would find ample cane to keep it 
running three months at a 600-ton gait per 
day. -Besides an extra increase in cane there 
is an addition of some 3,0Uuacres in corn, 
which will give the planters a very big surplus. 

A Baton Rouge concern has sent a man 
through the Fourth and Fifth wards contract- 
ing for all surplus com at sixty cents i>er 
barrel in the shuck. Mr. Carville declared that 
the advent of the boll weevil was a godsend, 
inasmuch as it taught the farmer that his 
land was good for something else besioe cotton. 
That farmers who formerly owed his store on 
December 1 from $500 to $600, now did a cash 
business of $400 and owed the store but the 
usual monthly account. Simply because they 
raised all the trucK they needed and more for 
market, besides poultiy, hogs, etc. The families 
are all better satisfied, work better, have their 
time better occupied and better pleased all 
around. Iberville. 



West Baton Roug^e. 

(SPECIAL COBRBSPONDBNCB.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

The weather continues propitious and every- 
body is laying by; the rains have given an 
impetus to the growth of cane and the crops 
present a healthy, vigorous, deep-green appear- 
ance. The central and upper parts of the par- 
ish have not had as much rain as the lower 
pud, where it interfered to some extent w»w- 
field work for several days. Field Manager 
Rivault, of Cinclare, informed us that he had 
kept from plowing for four days on account of 
wet ground. Asked about the crop, he said 
it was fine; over half of his crop was laid by 
and he was w^aiting on the weather to finish the 
balance. Reports had reached Cinclare that 
the crops in Avoyelles parish, which are sold 
to them, were particularly good this year. 
Tnis, added to their own. cane, will give the big 
Cinclare central a busy season of manufac- 
ture. 

One of the uniformly good crops in our par- 
ish is the Westover Planting Company, Limited, 
Crop on their W>stover-Ella Belle plantation. 
It is good to the extent tliat it has not even the 
'*bad patch" which is commonly found on every 
plantation. Field Manager Lartigue is not the 
man to buy his next hat one-eighth of a size 
larger on that account ; but he has a right to 
feel good when riding over it. He has no 
doubt used his best efforts and talent, as such 
a good crop is not the result of luck. We 
concede he has good land — but then — he must 
know how. 

Manager Wilkinson, of Poplar Grove, is hard 
at it, laying by as fa^t as he can his very prom- 
ising crop. The Bellevale addition to its many 



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[Vol. rlUi, No. I 



own crops has kept the Poplar Grove force ! month on account of his health, will return 
on a stretch. The temperature of June has I home the latter part of this week. We are 
actually interfered with field work, as the mules told that Mr. Monnot*8 sojourn in Texas has 
could not be driven very hard. The change greatly improved him. Assumption. 

announced has arrived. This morning we have — ■ 

pleasant, cloudy weather, which enables more \ §t^ Mary 

driving of the teams and many acres will be ' (special corbbsponduncb.) 

added this week to the total already laid by. i Editor Louisiana Planter: 



We were sorry to hear of the death Tuesday 
of Mrs. Laplace, of Iberville, mother of Mrs. 
Damare, wife of Mr. Roger Damare, of Bar- 
rowza plantation. 

West Baton Rouge. 



Assumption. 

(SPECIAL COBRESPONDENCE.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

The best kind of news which your corres- 
pondent could end you in this letter is the 
cessation of the precipitation, which has kept 
the planters out of the fields for more than 
two weeks, and the resumption on most planta- 
tions of work in the fields. The rains have left 
the cane crop very grassy in mot cases, and it 
will take several days of work to clean and lay j 
by the crop in a satisfactory manner. Some 
of the planters are not plowing yet, but are 
cleaning up the crop with hoes. They fear 
that the turning of the damp soil will do 
harm to the canes. The canes are improving 
rnpidiy and those planters who have more than 
a week's work of laying by will just about have 
time to finish if the present dry weather con- 



If there is any help in plenty of rain, our 
cane crop snould soon be in a condition where 
it needed no help. During this month there 
have been but few days when we were without 
some sort of rain, and the ground has never 
lacked for moisture. During the past and 
the present week it has rained every day and 
often at night. Fortunately there have been 
no floods and the fields nave been well drained. 
The writer passed through considerable of the 
vicinity last Sunday and noticed that some 
fields are getting quite grassy, especially the 
middles, and now that the plant is sending 
its roots far afield it would seem the proper 
condition for them to find a clean middle to 
forage in. 

*. early every factory is still busy getting their 
third sugars, which are being moved to mar- 
ket about as fast as dried. I have seen several 
barges of molasses going down the bayou. 
These barges are being handled by Mr. E. C. 
Taylor and are well arranged, having four 
3.500-gallon tanks in each, which the little 
gasoline boat Marie shoves along nicely. They 
are pumped into tank cars at the Franklin Re- 



tinues. The temperature for the past few days ^*°^^y- ^he only stumbling block to this meth- 
has been in the neighborhood of rfinety, which ^^ ^^ handling the molasses output seems to 
coming immediately aftfer the rains, is causing ^^ ^^^^ *^ entails a double freight. The rail 
rapid growth of the cane and corn. The com 
crop is fairly good in this parish, and all around, 
with the one exception of too much rain, the 
conditions are fine. 



Hon. John Marks informed your correspon- 
dent that he had laid by his crop on Nellie and 



road people charge from any point hereabouts 
by tank car Oc per 100 pounds and by barge 
another Oi^c per 100 pounds. As the Plaque- 
mine route is now open to traffic, it would 
seem that a little concert of action between 
planters intcro^tod would bring about a different 



that he was fortunate enough in not getting! *Tk '^- a ^ 

any rain on Cleveland last Sunday; this gave ^"^ PJ'''"'^^"-^- ''f" ^^''^^ young ^business 
him a chance of taking all the Nellie field T^' '^b" .f^"'^ t" ""ye Kone into the sugar 
gang on Cleveland and finishing the laying by k"T''' " determ.nat.on to do .t m the 

nn fiiof ,^io«« M«„j„ • \, ,, ^ "J/ \ best manner possible, is adding a crusher to 

on that place Monday evening. Mr. Marks sajs ' i,. vi i « c j • i jj- 

that ha So ,^«ii «i ^A '^Z -^«**» «»«J° his lokely Refinery and is also adding two 

taat he is well pleased with prospects on his , 



plantations. 

A very sad accident happened on the small ! 



72x20' Tubular boilers to his battery. 

Mr. C. J. Simms, of Adeline, has been con- 
fined to his bed now more than sixty days with 
I a severe case of typhoid and his family and 



plantation near Sans Nom, in lower Assump- 

tioD, late last week. Mr. Clovis Naquin. who r-, u* -jui-i.. m 

«,«« ^ !• • ^1- ^ ,, , ^^iKiuiu, wiiv I friends are somewhat wonred about him. He 
was working m the field and who had taken 
his little 13-year-old grandson with him in a 
cart, left the boy alone in the cart for a 
few minutes, when the animal was stung by 

wasp or bumble-bee and ran away through r"^"^*'^' *'"^"''j ""^ f»°" ""^ ^ 
fl , , rpu , -, , «*vaj tixiuugij ^pforg inm^ ^ud we trust still has. 



is displaying a wonderful amount of courage, 
which will go a long ways in his battle for life. 
Mr. Simms is a young man of fine business 
capacity, plenty of push and he had a future 



the fields. The lad was thrown out of the cart 

and the vehicle passed over him, mashing his 

head and causing death in a few moments. The 

boy was a son of Mr. Stanbury, a planter of 

that section of the parish. 

Mr. Grcffoire Landry, a substantial sugar 

grower of Brulee, St. Martin, was in Napoleon- 

villo last Wpdiiosdav. Mr. Landry savs that i u i *. i j u i i4.v 

^, . ^. ' . M^iiLiynj «a.>o luai ^j^ completely recovered her health, 

the crops in his section are very grassy, but 
that work wa.s hoins: pnsliod and the grass being 
cleaned rni)idiy. IIo says that he has not done 
any plowing since the rain owing to the mois- 
trro still in the soil. 



Mr. S. T. McCardell and wife returned home 
from Hot Springs this week. They are both 
in line health, which their many friends are de- 
lighted to see. With Mrs. McCardell it was 
almost a forlorn hope when she left here to 
try the Hot Springs waters and treatment, and 
it was hardly hoped for her recovery, but she 



Mr. J. W. Foster, of Alice, and Mr. Wilson 
McKerall, president of the St. Mary Bank, were 
visitors at Pamperdown last Sunday and seemed 
well pleased with all that they saw there. 
^, ^ ^ Mr. Burton and Mr. Collins, both of Camper- 

Mr. S. Mills Malhiot, general manager of down, have just treated themselves to a Jack- 
On klt\v. was in Xnpoloonville on business last ^^'n auto and some of the rest of the staff are 
W.durKdav I threatening to follow suit. There seems to 

M 1.^ T "ir . i. T-i. ^ ,j i ^** ^ ^f^rt of auto craze taking possession of 

Mr. K. L. Monnot, proprietor of Elmfield, o^^r people and the Jackson at present has the 
who has boon in Marlin. Tex., for the past , call hereabouts. O. 



Iberia. 

(SPECIAL COBBESPONDBKCB.) 

Editor Loutsiamt Planter: 

We are having too much rain; the work 
in the fields is retarded and grass is growing 
where the plows and cultivators should be. The 
work of laying by the cane crop is for the 
present brought to a close on account of too 
much moisture. A week or ten days of dry 
weather will make everything safe, but when 
we shall get that ten days is the question that 
is w^orrying. The cane is not waiting on ac- 
count of the weather, but is surging ahead and 
some will soon be too large to use cultivators; 
a middle burster is all that can be done to" it. 
Much of the cane has become grassy; the hot 
suns and moisture has boosted the vegetation 
immensely. 

A large percent of the cane has received its 
final cultivation and is shooting its blades sky- 
ward, indicating a rapid growth. A glance over 
the parish is a most reassuring sight, as the 
crops of every description seem to be the best 
ever, and all our farmers and planters wear a 
contented anu pleasant smile as they view 
the prospect, which has not been surpassed 
for some years. The area of the cane is a 
trifie larger than last year, but is immensely 
superior in every respect, so that the results 
are expected to far exceed those of 1908. There 
will be quite an extension of the crop next year, 
as new factories are going up and more con- 
templated. Railroad lines are extending to 
accommodate those sections heretofore devoted 
lo cotton. Sugar house alterations and repairs 
are already being pushed and a glance in most 
of the factories will find them in a dismantled 
condition ; everything subjected to the most 
rigid scrutiny and examination, that no delay 
can occur when the harvest is on. Morbihan, 
Segura, Orange Grove and other large factories 
such as "Maria," of Gonsonlin, and the great 
mill of Patouts are all being put in first class 
condition, as well. as their lines of railway. The 
individual crops of these places are considered 
the best in their history, and that is a matter 
of great satisfaction. 

The rice crop is fast approaching maturity, 
that is the early planted; the late planted is 
doing well and at less cost than was expected 
for the frequent rains are great fuel savers as 
well as economical of labor, the pumps not 
being operated. The region round about 
Loreauville has been considerably excited this 
week over the prospect of a new railroad passing 
through their section and connecting with a 
trunk line at Porte Barre, La,, giving connec* 
tion with St. Louis in twenty-six hours. The 
property owners are almost unanimous in voting 
a tax to assist in the construction, the condi- 
tions being the road shall be in operation in 
1010. Should this road materialize it will 
transform a rather isolated region into a veri- 
table Eldorado for our staple crops and all 
I he vegetable crops known to the truck raiser, 
for the soil is a beautiful sandy loam of ex- 
ceeding richness. Node. 



Avoyelles. 

(SPECIAL COREESPONDENCE.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

We have had not and favorable weather and 
local showers and a splendid rain, which fell 
on the afternoon of the 27th. This has, from 
all accounts, supplied sufficient moisture to the 



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THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



growing crops of cane, corn and peas to im- 
prove the growth of these crops for the next 
ten days. However, the cane raisers seem to 
think that a refreshing shower of rain once a 
week would be better for the growing cane crop 
than the heavy downpours of rain, falling 
maybe once in two weeks, more or less apart. 
Be that as it may, there is no mistake in saying 
that the cane crops throughout this district 
are strictly up to date in cultivation, growth 
and color. 

Mr- H. H. Bubenzer, manager for his 
mother, Mrs. C. Bubenzer, has just informed 
the Planter's correspondent that he has in cul- 
tivation this season 400 acres. to cane and 200 
acres to com and peas. 

Mr. Bubenzer states that the cane now grow- 
ing and being laid by presents a uniform 
growth in height, size and color. The cane on 
the place is equal to any noted at this date in 
the season for a number of years past. 

Mr. Bubenzer says that his 200 acres to 
com and peas presents good stands and heavy 
growths, with every indication of making sat- 
isfactory yields of grain and pea hay. 

Mrs. C. Bubenzer's fine residence was built 
some years before the war between the States. 
It is a typical old ideal southern home, a place 
that could not be duplicated to-day for $20,000. 
Standing like a sentinet in one of the sharp 
bends of Bayou Beouf ana only a few feet on 
the Avoyelles side of the parish line, it pre- 
sents a beautiful picture of ye olden days of 
yore. Mrs. Bubenzer is progressive, which 
may be seen through the energy displayed in 
the management of her fine estate and fertile 
cane lands, which extend for some distance 
alonff the Bayou Beouf, in the parish ot 
Rapides. 

Mr. A. H. Hargis, one of Rapides' pro- 
gressive sugar manufacturers, in an interesting 
letter to the Town Talk of the 26th, urges the I 
syrup makers of Rapides to form an organiza- 1 
tion for the betterment of the syrup industry, 
and he says that in line with the work needed 
Is absolute necessity for using the sacharometer 
for obtaining a more uniform grade of syrup. 
He also calls attention to the matter of pack- 
ages, cans and labels. Mr. Hargis is opposed 
to the use of dioxide of sulphur in the manu- 
facture of table syrups, for, as he says, it in- 
jures the sale of the goods. Mr. Hargis has 
made a good move and in the right direction 
for the betterment of the growing, syrup indus- 
try of Rapides parish. 

^lessrs. Stark and Stokes report their cane, 
corn and pea crops as satisfactory, with suffi- 
cient moisture for the present. 

Mr. S. H. Kelley, Eola, is. from all accounts, 
strictly up to the front with promising cane, 
corn and pea crops. 

Mr. E.l Pringle, manager of Oak Hall planta- 
tion, across the bayou from Mr. Kelley, has 
fine and growing crops of cane, com and 
peas. 

Closing this morning the indications are 
favorable for showery weather. Erin. 



field work, xhe temperature during the week, 
preceded by the light northern breezes of Sun- 
day and Monday, has been rather high. The 
cool Dreeze had Sunday and Monday drove the 
numberless mosquitoes away for a few days. 
The rains are yet interfering with the melon 
crop; the vines are very healthy, but there 
are no small melons attached to them; the 
same conditions are prevalent with the cucum- 
bers, all vines and no fruits. 

The planters of the parish are experiencing 
a good deal of trouble with the "cow ticks," 
and many of them have resorted to the appli- 
cation of a dose of coal oil ; this causes the 
hair of the animal to fall, but still it rids the 
animal «f the tick. Sheriff Madere has pur- 
chased a spray solution for his work in the 
jail, where filthy characters are incarcerated, 
and the jailer, Mr. Richard Madere, has tried 
the same on some cows for ticks. The solution 
has proven very efficient and the animals treated 
were quickly relievetl of their sufferings. 

On the Hermitage plantation the field work 
of the week has been on the order of laying by. 
The work has been somewhat retarded owing 
to the many rains which have prevailed during 
t he time t hat this work was to be accomplished ; 
however, they expect to get through in a few 
days. 

The Landeche Bros., on the Mary plantation, 
are winding up their laying by work in the 
upper portion of the place, which has had 
more or less rain ; the work is anything but 
what a planter would like to see, though it 
is claimed that no other way is possible to 
do the work required. The cultivators are first 
run over the cane and following the double lister 
plows are run with four mules to them ; this 
pulls down the grass to a certain extent, but 
not enough to properly cover it; so the over- 
seers have a gang of hoes to come back on tht 
work and pull up the dirt over the grasses. 
Now, with dry weather, this will be a great 
piece of work and will prove successful in de- 
stroying the grass. Should the rains set in, 
or rather continue, this work will amount to 
naught. 

The Messrs. Montz and Garday, who rented 
the Ashton plantation and put the whole of 
the place in rice, have about the finest crop of 
that cereal in the State ; .some of the first 
plant-ed rice is already coming out and the 
chances are that no pumping will be done un- 
less the river takes a decided fall, and with 
ten more days of water the crop will have all 
that is wanted. 

Messrs. Garday and Montz, of the Ashton, 
were in New Orleans during the week. 

Freshie. 



St. Charles. 

(8PBCIAL CORBESrONDENCB. ) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

lue weather conditions of the past week 
have been varied and the showers have been 
plentiful and well dispersed throughout the 
different portions of the parish, interfering 
more or less with the different planters in their 



Personal 

The Central Carmen, of Vega. P. R., has 
finished grinding, after a very successful season. 
The management has completed all arrange- 
ments for the installing of a Deming system ot 
clarifiontion anc^ oiL'ht .^0-inch Weston Centrifu- 
gals, while other repairs will he conducted by 
their enerineer. Mr. E. S. Soldona. The house 
was in charge of Mr. H. A. Kreh. being ably 
osslsted by a well trained sugar 4iouse crew. 
The hoilinp d^partm'^nt beine held down by the 
v( teran sugar boiler. ^Nlr. B. Bremermann, whose | 
name is known to all in the sugar business, re- 
calling his remarkable good results at the 
pan. 

Mr. n. Dolaune, of Napoleonville. La., was 
in the city on a visit a few days ago and 
stopped at the Si. Chnrlt^^ hotel while here. 



Literary Notes. 

The Century Magazine. The July Century 
is replete with interesting articles, particularly 
among which may be noted **Safety at Sea," by 
L. Frank Tooker; '*The Boyhood of John Hay," 
by A. S. Chapman, illustrated with a number 
of photographs; "Shakleton and the South 
Pole," by Major General A. W. Greely, and 
"Daylight Saving in the United States," by 
ComAiodore W. H. Beehler and Wm. F. Allen. 
Dr. Weir Mitchell has a story in this issue, 
"The Society of the Guillotine," the second of 
the three Thirteen at Table stories by Margaret 
Deland, S. Weir Mitchell and Owen Wister, is 
published under the name of "The Waiting 
Hand." ^ ue rest of the contents of the Century 
includes **Rothenburg, the Picturesque, Roman- 
tic German IX," by Robert Haven Schauffler; 
"Imitation Among Animals," by Robert M. 
Yerkes; "The Emmanuel Movement," by Rev. 
Elwood Worcester; "The Human Side of Cal- 
vin," by Maria Hornor Lansdale; "Calvin as 
a Theologian," by Rev. Francis Brown; "Our 
Representative in TiOndon," by E. S. Nadal; 
"The Generals and No. Seven," a story by 
Lucy Pratt, and "The Joke That Was Practi- 
cal," by Charles D. Stewart. The full page 
illustrations are very interesting, particularly 
the series pertaining to Mexican characters by 
Howard McCormick. The Century^ s American 
Artist Series is represented by "The Portrait of 
a Young Girl," by W. J. Whittemore, ana 
"Portrait of Lady Speyer," by John Singer Sar- 
gent. Eugene Higgins presents "Two Temper- 
ance Sermons in Art" ; Cole's Engravings of 
French Masters shows Francoise Marie ae 
Bourbon, by Pierre ^lignard, and a reproduction 
is given of Charles R. Knight's water color, 
"Leopards." The usual allotment of verses and 
the regular departments complete the issue. 



Las Vestas, New Mexico* 

(SPllCIAL COBBESPONDBKCB.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

Las Vegans are extending congratulations to 
their enterprising Arizona neighbors upon their 
successful installaton of machinery at Glen- 
dale, where at last they have a sugar mill that 
can and does make sugar. The factory, ac- 
cording to reports received here, made its in- 
itial run on Monday of this week. Everything 
went off in the most satisfactory manner and 
we are assured that the beet sugar business is 
now as firmly and safely established at Glen- 
dale as at Grand Junction or any other point 
where it has made a success and a blessing, 
furnishing employment to large numbers of 
men, and increasing the value of land with- 
in a wide area. We trust the time is not far 
distant when we will be able to give them an 
opportunity to reciprocate. We had hoped that 
Las Vegas would have the honor of being the 
fii-st town in the southwest to boast of a beet 
sugar factory, but since Glendale has out- 
stripped us in the race her experience may be 
of value to us in the way of stimulating our 
people to greater effort. Beet sugar making is 
destined to be one of the most important in- 
dustries of the southwest, and the factory at 
Glendale is likely to prove valuable to the peo- 
ple of both territories as an object lesson. 

Baker. 



Mr. J. A. Provost, of Jeanerotte. La., wns 
in New Orleans on Sunday and made his h<-ad- 
qiinrtoi-s at the Denechaud hotel. 



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THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xliil, No. 1 



POREION LETTERS. 



Havana. 

(STAFF C0RBE8P0NDEKCX.) 

Havana, June 25, 1909. 

Sugar Market. — The spell of cold weather 
that unexpectedly prevailed in the United States 
and retarded the maturity of the fruit crops 
brought the demand for refined sugar to a com- 
plete standstill and induced purchasers to 
withdraw from the market; accordingly, the 
demand, which was expected to denote great 
activity, abated to a considerable extent and 
imparted to prices a weak tone. 

A certain number of importers in ^Tew York, 
seeing that the market did not advance as 
was anticipated, determined at once to accept 
offered prices for the cargoes which were either 
in port or on the way and to arrive soon, which 
determination gave margin to the sale of about 
225,000 bags, at from 2^^ to 2 9-16 cents for 
9t) test, the equivalent of which few holders 
only at this place were willing to accept for 
their remnants of crops, as the majority ot 
them are convinced that the market will soon 
advance, and 2% cents having been paid in 
New York, at the last hour, for several small 
parcels which remained unsold at said place, 
such sales seem to give reason to those who 
confide in a higner market for the coming 
weeks. 

Owing to foregoing statements, this market 
has continued without any important change 
and the only sale that was reported during the 
week worthy of mention is that of 9,000 bags 
centrifugals. 95/95 */i test, at 2.30^ cents per 
pound, at Cardenaj^. prices still retaining their 
pi*evious nominal tone on the basis of 2% to 
2 71G cents for 9.5/96 test centrifugals of good 
shipping classes and 1% to IT^ cents for 88/90 
do., olmasses sugars. 

Crop Xtncs. — Rain has generally been more 
abundant and persistent during the past week 
than during the preceding one, and with the 
exception of only a few places at the eastern 
and western extremities of the island, in which 
the quantity of water fallen was rather scanty, 
it was excessive in the balance of the iiland, 
especially in the provinces of Santa Clara and 
Camaguey, where it was utterly impossible to 
have labor in the fields on account of the 
swelling of rivers and the bad condition of the 
roads, which considerably interfered with traffic 
and interrupted communication among all the 
places that are not connected by railroads ; inas- 
much as the wat'?rfall was generally accom- 
l^niod by electrical discharges, the conditions of 
the cane fields was considerably improved there- 
by and exhibit throughout the island a splendid 
appearance, in spite of the grass and w^feds 
which have invaded the fields at many places, 
owing to the excess of moisture in the soil, 
which does not allow the cleaning of same at 
some places, and the lack of workmen at others, 
where they prefer to go and work on the to- 
bacco plantations, on which labor is easier and 
wages higher. 

This scarcity of laborers is also a serious 
drawback to the planting of the fields previously 
prepared ; in all the districts in which labor is 
lacking planters and colonists pay their field 
hands at from $1.10 to $1.40, Spanish silver, 
per day, and even thus, thoy meet with great 
difficulties in obtaining the number of same 
thev need. 



Acording to last reports, the few factories 
which are still grinding in the eastern region 
have already turned out the following number 
of bags: *'Boston.." at Banes, 340,000, and 
expects to close down with 375,000 ; "Chaparra," 
450,ow>., and its manager is still confident to 
attain the number of -500,000 bags; "Senado," 
at Camaguey, hac^ already manufactured 111,500 
bags, when rain compelled it to temporarily sus- 
pend grinding, which its manager expects to 
be able to resume on the 1st of July next. 

Factories located at Caibarien have turned 
out this year 709,240 bags, against 592,271 in 
1908, which shows for this year an increase 
of 116,969 bags, and had it not been for the 
early and copious rains, which compelled several 
factories to leave in the fields cane enough to 
produce several thousand bags more, it is likely 
that the production in said district would have 
been still larger. T. D. 



British Ouiana. 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

Demerara, June 12, 1909. . . 

Market^. — No siiles of sugar for export havc 
been reported, and nominal value is $2.20 per 
100 pounds. For July-August delivery sales 
have been made at a price equal to $2.27% 
per 100 pounds net in Georgetown. Rum mar- 
ket continues firm, although sales in London 
are made with difficulty. If output is strictly 
limited, there is every hope of maintaining a 
satisfactory price. 

Weather and Cultivation. — The mid-year 
rainy season set in on the 22nd ultimo, and 
during the three weeks that have since elapsed 
rainfall has averaged 13 inches. The rains were 
much too heavy during the last week in May, 
varying from 6 to 9 inches in different districts, 
but weather during the first ten days of June 
liais, on the whole, been seasonable. A more 
abundant supply of sunshine would be of great 
benefit. The growing crop of canes is back- 
ward for age. It is now making satisfactory 
progress and presents, on the whole, a prom- 
ising appearance. It is not likely, however, 
that under the most favorable conditions the 
whole of the existing leeway in growth can 
be made good by the time reaping season ar- 
rives. There is a great demand for labor for 
supplying, re-planting, weeding, etc., and work 
is being delayed owing to the shortness of the 
labor supply. 

Stifjar Making. — The majority of estates have 
finished the mid-year reaping. Yield of sugar 
has been fully up to expectation, averaging 
from 1.75 to 2.25 tons per acre. Cane juice 
proved to be about the average as regards su- 
gar contents. The D625 has given the best 
yield, followed by the Bourbon. The D109 has 
proved a failure, and it has now reverted, as 
most of the seedlings are inclined to do, back 
to the type and character of its parentage. 

Molasses. — Some molasses is being made now 
and a sale has been made at 23 to 24c. 

WiETING & RiCHTER. 



Sugar in London. 

The disturbance of figures due to budget 
unticiimtions is again exemplified in the sta- 
tistics, which are now available, for the month 
of .uay. The consumption in the latter month 
dropped to 82.57.*> tons, compared with 158,150 
toes in 1908, and to give a clearer view of our 
meaning we append the consumption figures 
for March-May : 



March 162,173 133,342 

April 251,278 94,742 

May 82,573 158,150 

Tons 496,024 bcH>,234 

386,234 

Increase 109.790 

Now it is obvious that no such increase can 
have occurred, as during the preceding months 
of September-February inclusive, the improve- 
ment amounted to only 21,941 ton.s. For the 
six months, therefore, which had then elapsed, 
the average increase per month amounted to 
3,657 tons, a figure which can only be regarded 
as moderately satisfactory, representing as it 
does a possible increase in the actual con- 
sumption of 44,000 ton for the twelve months. 
It would seem indeed as if our powers of 
absorption of sugar had for the time reached 
their limit, the figures for 1906-8 suggesting 
that the capabilities of the United Kingdom 
are a million and a half tons of sugar per 
annum. This, however, is not a full view 
of the facts, for the relative price of other 
commodities greatly affects the use of sugar. 
Provisions and other things have been dear, 
and when necessaries cost more and trade is 
bad sugar suffers and less is consumed. We 
can see this exemplified in another way in 
Germany, where the protective system so raises 
the cost of living that relatively little sugar is 
used, although it is grown in the empire itself 
and has thus little carriage to pay. If, as 's 
already taking place, the greater supply of gold 
causes all prices to rise, the values of sugar 
would not be adversely affected, as it is when 
provisions are exceptionally dear. During the 
last few years it has not been found profitable 
to grow so much beetroot in Europe, and as in 
addition the cost of production has been raised 
it has not been possible to sell sugar so 
cheaply here and consequently consumption has 
been checked. This, and the recent depression 
in trade, which is only slowly moving away, 
may account for the apparent halt which has 
occurred with sugar, and until the stocks which 
were hurried over to this country in the sring 
have been further reduced it does not seem 
reasonable to look for any great activity in the 
market. That prospective supplies are not 
great is probably the safeguard of the situation, 
and it is a far cry to new crop sugars, with 
the risk of bad weather in the meantime, but 
the fact that the invisible stocks are still 
much heavier than usual must not be too 
lightly regarded. Prices, however, are more 
moderate than last year, and visible supplies 
are not by any means excessive, at any rate in 
Europe. Generally in the market a good opin- 
ion is held of the immediate future of ugar. 
The United States of America, however, are 
still able to draw sufficient cane sugar for 
their requirements, owing to the success of the 
Cuban crop, the production amounting to 1,- 
332,000 tons up to the end of May, a total not 
far short of the record crop of 1907. It is 
satisfactory to note, however, that the recent 
heavy meltings by the American refiners are 
maintained, and have lately been in excess 
of their receipts of raw sugar. In spite of 
this, however. New York prices again show a 
slight decline. The demand in our own market 
has been by no means good of late, and there 
has been more pressure to sell refining kinds, 
the commoner sorts of which are now more 
plentiful, and prices in some cases have given 
way rather sharply, while as regards grocery 
sugar there has been a steady demand, and 
values are steadily maintained. The imports 
of crystallised raws to London for the week 
ending the 10th instant amounted to 1,772 
tons, and for the year to 23,341 tons, against 
22,432 tons in 1908.— Prorfwce Markets' Retietc, 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 



July 3, 1909.] 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



New York. 

(STAFF C0BRE8P0KDBKCB.) 

No new projects of importance or orders of 
special magnitude are to be reported this week. 
In connection with several big jobs which are 
being looked forward to by the ^ade here, there 
have been no new developments. Machinery 
and engineering houses generally are pretty 
busy on repair orders and some small exten- 
sions. 

Mr. Frank Schaffer, who is now president of 
the famous sugar house engineers and sugar 
merchants, Hugh Kelly & Co., of this city, is 
now receiving repo'rts and visits from the men 
who are in charge of the field and sugar house 
operations of the company *8 various estates and 
is arranging affairs prior to a general tour of 
the producing districts. Mr. John G. Dunbar, 
manager, ana Mr. Tom Jjaungan, chief engineer, 
of Central Ansonia, at Azna, Santo Domingo, 
are expecteii here next week. ^Ir. F. Farrand, 
manager of the Porvenir Sugar Company, of 
Macoris, Santo Domingo, arrived here about a 
week ago. Mr. Jose Tavio, manager of the 
Central Teresa, at Manzanillo, Cuba, has been 
here and has just returned to the estate. In 
speaking of what he has learned from his 
representatives who have already been here, Mr. 
Schaffer appears to be very well satisfied with 
the season's work. Crops, he says, have been 
good and they have enjoyed a good market. 
The Teresa estate, Mr. Schaffer explained, has 
enjoyed a considerable increase this year, mak- 
ing upwards of 76,000 bags. It is expected 
that the next crop will foot up to 100,000 bags. 
This increase of production is being accom- 
plished almost entirely through better care of 
the fields and through more painstaking care 
in the management generally. Mr. Schaffer 
stated that iiugi^ .velly & Co. are now insisting 
that more attention be given the subject of 
rteid cultivation at their various estates and 
that the subject of the manipulation of the 
juices and molasses in the boiler house be 
given greater consideration. These lines have 
been followed out lately with such gratifying 
results that an effort is being made to push 
• he work as far as possible in the future. Mr. 
Schaffer expects to leave for Cuba on July 14 
on the steamer Coritybe, of the Munson line. 
He will make a tour of inspection of the Central 
Preston, of Nipe Bay; Central Boston, of 
Banes, and Central Teresa, at Manzanillo. He 
will then return to New York for a brief stay, 
after which he will resume his work of in- 
spection, sailing from Santo Domingo, where 
he will visit the company's estates. The latter 
trip is one he has made every year for a num- 
ber of seasons. After Mr. Schaffer's return 
there may be some interesting developments in 
the way of plant betterment. 

Preliminary estimates on machinery equip- 
ment are beins obtained at pre.sent by the New 
York offices of the Honolulu Iron Works, at 11 
Broadway. The equipment, we understand, is 
intended for the Tobacco Land and Develop- 
ment Company, of V*»ra Cruz. Mexico, and the 
Central Aguirre. of Jobos, P. R. Contemplated 
extensions, principally to the boiling depart- 
ments of these plants, necessitate the informa- 
tion which the Honolulu Iron Works are ob- 
taining. Tliat the equipmont will be purchased 
has not b^en definitely determined in either 
case. 

In connection with the improvements being 



made by the Santa Cecelia Sugar Company, of 
20 Broad street, this city, at their central at 
Guantanamo, Cuba, the Philadelphia Copper- 
smithing Company have^ through George F. 
Eldred, their New York manager, at 120 Liber- 
ty street, captured the contract for the defeca- 
tors and copper work. Mr. Eldred has also 
made some other important contracts, among 
which is one for general extensions at the 
Central Pagan, Porto Rico. 

Mr. Pierre Droeshout, representative of the 
Newell Manufacturing Company in Cuba, who 
has his offices in Havana, is expected in New 
York this weei\. He will stop but a short timev 
being on his way to join his family in Paris. 
Mr. H. A. Chapin, the New York manager of 
the Newell Manufacturing Company, reports a 
good business in the way of repairs and general 
plant enlargement and improvement among sev- 
eral of the important centrals of Cuba and 
Porto Rico. He has also received a number of 
good orders for the Newoll patented cane crusher 
rollers and shredders, including one large one 
from the Arcadia plantation, in Porto Rico. 

Mr. Wra. *i. Volz. vice president and general 
manager of the Wheeler Condenser and Engi- 
neering (^ompany, of this city and Carteret, N. 
J., has just returned from a most satisfactory 
trip through Cuba and Porto Rico. He went 
to Porto Rico principally to observe the opera- 
tion of the Wheeler quadruple effect installed 
at the Fajardo estate and was extremely grati- 
fied over its excellent performance and the 
satisfaction of its purchasers. He has booked 
a number of additional orders for tlw Wheeler 
apparatus. 

Mr. A. M. Lockett, M. E., who is president 
of A. M. Lockett & Co., of New Orleans, was 
in town for several days. Mr. Lockett's com- 
pany represent the Baocock & Wilcox Com- 
pany, whose water tube boilers are so well 
known among sugar plant engineers who are 
up on the topic of .economy in the boiler plant. 
His company ^also represents the International 
Steam Pump Company, of this city. 



New York. 

New York, June 25, 1909. 

Raw prices are unchanged. There has been 
a good market and many sales have been made. 
The business of the week amounts to about 200,- 
000 bags, in port, prompt shipment, first and 
second half of July, at 3.92, 3.95 an* 3.98H. 
Sales have been made to-day at quotations. 

The market has been stronger this week. 
There has been quite a quantity of raws offered, 
but buyers have been willing to take new sup- 
plies and there has been no depression. Stocks 
have been good, but the season is getting along 
to warm weather and warm weather means in- 
creased demand. The trade in refined sugar 
during the next three months is expected to 
be big. Good business will keep prices firm. 
More orders are coming in every day and the 
improvement is putting more confidence into the 
situation. Prices are not going ahead of develop- 
ments, but conditions ruling now are strong 
fnough to keep quotations steady and if trade 
comes up to expectations there will be advances. 
The sugar crops this year are large. The extra 
production in Cuba will easily be taken in the 
Tnited States, as will the tonnage produced in 
Porto hico, Hawaii, Louisiana and the domes- 
tic beet crop; but unless we have a big in- 
crease in consamption we will not need as many 



Java sugars as we have bought in other years. 
Java will turn out a big crop and the supply 
must be taken care of somewhere. The Java 
sugars do not arrive in the United States until 
the end of August. Those cargoes are not now 
a weight upon the market, but they set a limit 
in values that quotations will not be able to pass 
without the aid of good business. JavaB arj 
offered to-day at equal to 4.13. 

The news from Cuba this week states that 
heavy rai^s have fallen and that the few fac- 
tories still in operation have been working un- 
der difficulties. There are eight factories tha^ 
have not yet closed down. This has been a 
good sugar season for Cuba. The crop will be 
very close to the record tonnage of 1907. Fair 
prices have been paid since the start- The 
plantings for next year's crop are in good 
condition. The European market this week 
have been fairly steady. The London quota- 
tion this afternoon closes at equal to 4.20, New 
York. 

Refined Sugar. — The Federal alone will sell f. 
o. b.-net basis 4.80, less 1 per cent cash, prompt 
or shipment within 28 days ; requiring assort- 
ment, however, 14 days after date of purchase. 
Arbuckle was early this week, selling straight 
cars of barrel fine granulated at 4.75, but now 
•"old firm all grades and style of packages f. o. 
b., net basis 4.85, less 1 per cent cash, seven 
days'delay to jobbers: manufacturers, shipment 
at any time within thirty days after date of 
purchase, which is the price and terms of also 
the A. S. R. Co., Howell and Warner. The 
only refiner at present reporting a delay in 
shipping is the Federal, who are behind one 
week to ten days in filling orders. Holidays — 
Refiners' sales and brokers' offices will be closed 
Saturday, July 3, and Monday, July 5. 

M. G. Wanzor & Co. 



Pratt Imperial Sugar Machinery. 

The Haubtman & Loeb Company, Limited, 
^ho are agents here for the Pratt Engineering 
and Machine Company, of Atlanta, Ga., have 
just closed with the C. Lagarde Company, Lim- 
ited, for a 6-foot Pratt Imperial mill and en- 
gine. 

The sugar machinery manufactured by the 
Pratt Engineering and Machine Company 
seems to be making rapid headway in all cane 
sugar producing countries where its sale has 
been attempted. Mr. N. A. Helmer, the sugar 
engineer of the company, is one of the most 
expert designers of sugar machinery that we 
have and he learned his business under the 
late Leon Haubtman, who was one of the 
most eminent sugar house engineers that we 
have ever had in Louisiana. They believe 
that when the merit of their milling machinery 
becomes more apparent to our Louisiana sugar 
producers through its actual operation in the 
factory of the C. I^agarde Company next 
winter they will have a rapidly increasing sale 
for it in this state and with such energetic 
agents as the Haubtman & I^oeb Company, 
i>imite.d, this belief seems well founded . 



Beet Sugar Notes. 

The citizens of Scott's Bluff, Nebraska, have 
raised a bonus of $:^0.000 and it is expected 
that that locality will have a sugar factory by 
next year. Eastern capitalists are expected to 
put up $115,000. 

Contracts are being placed for lo.OOO acres 
of sugar beets and considerable interest has 
been raised in the project. 



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THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xllli, No. 1 



The ''Weston" Centrifusral. 

The "Weeton" Centrifugal had its origin 
in the United States and its almost universal 
use today is a tribute to the memory of its 
inventor. The British patent was taken out by 
the inventor, the late David McOolley Weston, 
in 1867, and in 1870 Mr. Weston arranged 
for the working of the patent by Messrs. 
Mirrless, Tait & Watson of Glasgow, Scotland, 
whose firm name was afterward changed to 
Messrs. Mirrlees, Watson & Co. 

In 1883 Messrs. Mirrlees, Watson & Co., 
entered into partnership with John Laidlaw, 
under the style of Messrs. Watson, Laidlaw 
& Co., the new firm taking over all patterns 
and drawings and confining their attention 
solely to the manufactur of centrifugals. 
Later on Mr. Laidlaw acquired the whole 
business from Messrs. Mirrlees, Watson & Co.. 
and the business is now carried on as Messrs, 
Watson, Laidlaw & Co., Ltd., nearly all the 
shareholders being in the employment of the 
Company. 

After the expiry of the "Weston" patents 
in Great Britain, a number of firms commenced 
to manufacture the "Weston" Centrifugal, but 
the greater proportion of these machines made 
in Great Britain are still from the work-shop 
of Messrs. Watson, Laidlaw & Co., Ltd., of 
Glasgow, who claim to have done more to de- 
velop the "Weston" Centrifugal in its evolu- 
tion outside the United States than any other 
of its makers. 

For instance this firm introduced the use 
of solid revolving spindles made in one piece 
in place of Mr. Weston's hollow spindle; they 
were also the first to depart on a large scale 
from the well known "\\eston" Cylindrical 
rubber buflfer used to permit vibration and 
control oscillation, and introduced other forms 
giving decided advantages which are described 
at length in the company's literature. 

Another innovation has been the introduc- 
tion of water power for driving these cen- 
trifugals, a system now very largely in use all 
over the world. In designing this type of 
centrifugal a departure was made from the 
methods previously in use for suspending the 
centrifugal from the underside of a beam. 
This consisted in placing the driving pulley in a 
belt machine or the motor in a water-driven 
machine above the supporting beam, so that 
the spindle head and all connected with it 
might be more accessible for inspection or 
repairs. 

The earliest attempts to fit electro motors 
to "Weston" Centrifugals made by this firm, 
date back to 1885, the motor being placed 
upon the outer hollow spindle of the familiar 
••Weston" type belv>w the supporting beam. Al- 
though examples of these early machines are, 
we believe, still in use, the design was not satis- 
factory, and it was not until the introduction 
of the solid spindle that this firm saw their 
way to design what has proved to be one of 
the most siiccossful metho<iS of driving centrifu- 
gals electrically and which has been to some ex- 
tent adopted by other makers. The use of a 
solid spindle which revolves, was the real factor 
in solving this problem. Tne motor is placed 
above the centrifugal on a solid noh-osc.i- 
latory part of the framing, and the iLse of 
a flexible centrifugal communicates motion to 
the spindle, and allows the centrifugal to os- 
cillate or vibrate at will without disturbing 
the motor. 

ThLs firm was also the first to adopt an im- 
proved design of mild steel framing in general 
practice instead of cast iron which obviate.s any 
risk of breakage in transit and being of less 
weight \^ith '^qnnl strenffth consequently reduces 
the cost of freight. 



The i 1 1 u s trations 
show three typical in- 
stallations, water, belt 
and electric drive, and 
embody the following 
elements of design 
which characterize the 
"Weston" Centrifugal 
as made by Messrs. 
Watson, Laidlaw & Co., 
in Glasgow. Driving 
above supporting 
beams, solid spindles in 
one piece, ball bear- 
ings, single rubber buf- 
fers which are self- 
adjusting for wear and 
correct compression, 
curbs with steel tops, 
steel framing, mixer 
valves close to mixer 
with which the sugar 
cannot become solid, 
tilting shoots to charge 
centrifugal which holds 
all drippings. 

Those who are inter- 
ested in centrifugal ma- 
chines may be recom- 
mended to look into the 
advantages of these ma- 
chines, which, although 
differing in many re- 
spects from U. S. A. de- 
signs, will be found 
kighly satisfactory. Any 
enquiries addressed to 
Messrs. Watson, Laid- 
law & Co., Ltd., at 98 
Dundas St 
Glasgow, 
every atten 



WATER DRIVE. 



UELT DRIVE. 



ELECTRIC DRIVE. 



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July 3, 1909.1 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



II 



Some Influences that Have Made the 
Peruvian Susrar Industry What It is. 

The history of the new republic up to the 
lust fourteen years has been a checkered one. 
The Peruvians, like the North Americans, had 
to learn by their own experiences, and it is not 
to be fvondered at that political tranquility 
was not always the boon of the Peruvian peo- 
ple. Besides having to learn how to govern 
themselves, they had to deal with Spain again, 
and later, in 1878, they entered into the dis- 
astrous war with their neighbor, Chili. This 
war made Peru a comparatively poor country. 
Her nitrate fields were lost and much of her 
agriculture and commerce was left to her to 
be made all over again. 

After the close of this war, about four years 
later, the Peruvians began to build the coun- 
try up once more. They are still building, not 
only a country of industry, but a peaceable 
country. The cry in Peru to-day iis peace 
end the privilege of developing her resources. 
From what was seen during a five years* resi- 
dence there she seems to be doing both, and if 
allowed to coutinue will be one of the greatest 
nations of South America. 

During these centuries of colonization and 
years of independence, agricultural pursuits as 
well as other industries could not have had 
the attention paid to them that they might have 
il conditions had been otherwise. 

The sugar industry was one of the first intro- 
duced into Peru. The first plantation was 
started in 1570, in the valley of Huanico. It 
is probable that the cane was brought in from 
Jamaica, or other islands of this group, as 
the cane chiefly grown at the present time goes 
by the name of Jamaica cane. The earliest relics 
of the industry' that the writer has seen are two 
copper defecators dug up on a sugar estate a 
few years ago bearing the date of 1760. There 
is a little estate near Lima that is said to have 
produced caue for the past 150 years and per- 
haps longer. To-day it is considered to have 
the best soils of any of the estates in that lo- 
cality. The present owners are thinking about 
Urging fertilizers for the soils, but mctet of the 
fields are still yielding good crops without fer- 
tilizer, and it is claimed that the estate pays 
even at low prices, and that with an extracting 
plant, which consists of a three-rollfer mill. 

About forty or fifty years ago renewed in- 
terest was taken in the sugar industry; Peru- 
vian and foreign capital was invested in estates, 
up-to-date factories of the best workmanship 
were erected, and from an industrial point of 
view it was not surpassed by Hawaii or any 
other cane .-sugar country. Some of the machin- 
ery installed in those days can be seen in the 
mills now. On one estate there is a three-roller 
mill bearing the date of 1808, which is still 
doing duty. This little estate is considered to 
be a little family gold mine" and pays good 
dividends. The extracting plant consists of two 
three-roller mills only, but In contrast to this 
the factory is equipped with a battery of most 
up-to-date Babcock and Wilcox boilers. 

During these forty j'ears the sugar industry 
had its periods of prosperity and depression. 
When sugar was 25 shillings a quintal the 
planters made plenty of money. Some of them 
went to Europe to spend it, leaving their es- 
tates to go on grinding without their supervi- 
sion. Comparatively f*»w labor-saving devices 
were introduced into the fields and the fac- 



tories were not improved in accordance with the 
progress of the time. When sugar went down to 
5 shillings their revenues ceased, and as there 
was very little provision for the future many 
of the plantations became involved in debts that 
were hard to shake off. Besides this, some of 
the estates suffered a great deal during the war 
with Chili, and in one instance at least a mill 
was blown up. This plantation now produces 
about five thousand tons of sugar annually and 
is capable of producing forty thousand, which 
it might have been doing to say if it had been 
allowed to develop unmolested. 

For some time before the revolution in 1895 
(which is the last of any consequence) and 
since, improvements have been going on in both 
ractory and field. Unfortunately, in many in- 
stances no definite plan has been adhered to 
and a good deal of money has been spent with- 
out corresponding returns. This is particularly 
true with respect to improvements in the fac- 
tories, and often enough money has been spent 
as would cover the expense to entire recon- 
struction on a modern basis. 

It is not within the scope of this article to 
go into details concerning the Peruvian sugar 
industry, and the object of including the fol- 
lowing notes is merely to give some idea of its 
present status. 

Most all conditions can be found in the fac- 
tories and fields, from antiquated machinery 
and methods to up-to-date appliances (in some 
departments) and modem methods. 

The extracting plant is usually composed of 
two three-roller mills, each mill being propelled 
by a separate engine; 32x66 and 32x72 rolls 
are the most common, although there are a 
number of 28x56 and 34x84 roll mills. 

The boiling house is usually equipped witn 
some type of juice heater. Defecation is car- 
ried on in open double-bottom copper defecators 
heated by live steam. The juice is clarified in 
clarifiers fitted with steam coils. The scums 
and deposits from the juice are put through a 
battery of filter presses. The clarified juice is 
evaporated in a triple effect under exhaust 
steam, and then boiled to grain in the vacuum 
pan, which is fitted with both live and exhaust 
steam pipes. The masse cuite is run into 
cooling cars and after proper cooling and grain- 
ing is centrifugaled in a battery of centrifugals 
of the Weston type. The sugar is carried to 
the drying room by elevator «n/i ^c ♦■here spread 
out on the floor and dried. From there it runs 
through chutes to the floor below, where it is 
bagged and stored, or loaded directly on to cars. 
The first sugar polarizes from 96 to 98.3, de- 
pending on the demands of the market to which 
it goes. Large, medium and small grain are 
made, depending also on the market for which 
the sugar is intended. 

The steam plants consist of all typos of boil- 
ers from the old single flue to the most modern 
Babcock and Wilcox boilers. The furnaces are 
fitted with step ladder grates for burning green 
bagasse. The bagasse is carried to the fur- 
nace doors by conductors and there fed by hand. 
A good deal of sun dried bagasse is still used. 
The factories are lighted with electricity. 

The cane is cut, as it is universally cut, with 
the ordinary cane knife. , It is then loaded on 
to cars that have been run into the field on 
portable tracks. The loaded cars are drawn 
up to the main line by oxen and from there 
hauled to the factory by locomotives. Most 
of the plantations are equipped with platform 



scales and weigh their cane. The cane is un- 
loaded at the conductor by hand. 

The Peruvian planters prepare their soils 
thoroughly before planting. If the land to be 
put in cane is new the brush is first cleared 
off. Then the field is plowed up with Fowler 
steam plows and carefully leveled off with 
scrapers. After it is perfectly clean and prop- 
erly leveled it may be plowed two, three or 
four times, dei)ending on the nature of the soil. 
The aim is to get the soil in a finely pulverzied 
condition to the depth of 14 to 18 inches. The 
cane rows are laid off with a small plow drawn 
by oxen, and then opened with a double-mould 
board plow. The rows are about four feet apart 
and four hundred feet long and parallel. 

The upper portion of the cane stalk is used 
for seed. The seed is planted wet, that is, just 
before putting the seed into the ground water 
is allowed to flow down the furrow, which gets 
the soil into a puddled condition. A few 
inches of the upper portion of the seed are left 
uncovered, allowing about a foot of it to be 
buried in the soil. It is put into the ground 
at a slight angle and with th^ eyes always 
pointing in the direction of the flow of the irri- 
gation water. 

Weeding is done by hand, and usually two u 
three weedings are given the plant cane. 

Both the plant and ratoon cane is hilled up. 
It is done by first breaking out the ridges be- 
tween the rows with a Collins plow and then 
throwing the soil to the cane in the furrow 
with a double-mould board plow, thus throwing 
the irrigating waters between the rows of 
cane. 

Fertilizers are applied by hand. The Peru- 
vian guano is the bulk of the fertilizer used, 
although bagasse, ashes, press cake, lime and 
potash salts are being more extensively employed 
than formerly. 

The irrigation waters are almost entirely ob- 
tained from the rivers. The irrigation of the 
cane fields is easy, as the country is usually 
gently sloping and the fields -are thoroughly 
prepared for irrigation before planting. 

While these brief notes give an idea of the 
appliances and methods usually to be found on 
the most progressive estates, there have been 
many improvements in particular cases, some 
of which deserve mention. 

One or two factories are equipped with three- 
roller mills fitted with hydraulic pressure ap- 
paratus, but driven by separate engines. Soue 
factories are using quadruple effects and super- 
heaters for juice, and centralized vacuum of the 
mo.st up-to-date type. Sand filters, crystalliza- 
tion in movement, water driven centrifugals, 
automatic sack fillers and weigher and self- 
recording scales for weighing cane have been 
introduced. Strange to say, there are no Dem- 
ing apparatus to be seen in Peru. One factory 
has taken the initiative, however, in the intro- 
duction of the Kestner evaporator. 

There are no modern standard cane unload- 
ers in the country. Some plantations have at-, 
tempted to make unloaders of their own design, 
but without satisfactory results. On some small 
estates where the 1.5 ton car is rin up along- 
side of the conductor, the cane is dumped 
bodily into the conductor or the rjiv is put at 
such an angle that the cane will fall in graa- 
ually. 

Some planters run the small 1.5 ton cars 
into the field to be loaded. From there they 



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THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xllii, No. 1 



are drawn to the main traik, where the cane 
is transferred to large cars by steam cranes. 

A good many devices have been tried in con- 
nection with cultivation. Some of them have 
proved to be failures and others have ccme to 
stay. An attempt was made to plow with a 
traction engine, but without very satisfactory 
results. Ditch diggers have been introduced 
with varying results. Some plantations are 
using discs on their plows in place of shears and 
claim fairly good results. Some employ mark* 
ers on the double-mould board plow, which lays 
off the furrows, thus doing away with a man 
and team. A good many weeders have been 
tried without much success. In fact, on many 
of the plantations there can be seen all sorts 
of modern agricultural implements which are 
used in other countries for other crops that have 
been bought for trial in the cane fields and 
then discarded. 

France, Germany, England, Scotland and the 
United States have sent all kinds of machinery 
and appliances to Peru. The factory machinery 
is of course the largest item and to-day Scot- 
land seems to have the strongest hold on this 
market. The English plows, of course, have few 
to compete with, and the American locomotive 
is taking the lead in transporting cane. The 
small agricultural implements that are now be- 
ing tr^ed come chiefly from the United States. 

The development of the Peruvian sugar in- 
dustry up to this point has been done by in- 
dividual plantations. Up to within a few years 
the political, and consequently social, conditions 
of the country would not allow them to unite 
with the sole object of advancing the interests 
of the sugar business. A number of attempts 
were made to bring the planters together, but 
without any marked success. 

The house of W. R. Grace & Co., of Lima,has 
been one of the foremost in aiding the systematic 
improvement and development of Peru's sugar 
industry. Their efforts deserve mention here. 

In 1903 this house arranged to have the 
writer make a preliminary trip to Peru. On 
his arrival there an effort was made to bring 
some of the largest planters together to organize 
n central office for investigations, but all at- 
tempts in this direction failed. Grace & Co. 
then decided to establish a technical office of 
their own for the estate they represented. So 
far as can be learned they were among the first 
either in Peru or elsewhere to organize a work 
of this kind on such a liberal and comprehen- 
sive basis. The Peruvian government now fully 
appreciating the necessity of harboring the in- 
terests of its greatest agricultural indueti'y, de- 
cided to maintain a consulting office and experi- 
ment station exclusively for the benefit of the 
sugar planters. The organization of this sta- 
tion was begun by the author in 11K)6. 

It would have been commendable in any gov- 
ernment to have inaugurated a work of this kind, 
and it should be gratifying to Peru to know 
that she took the initiative among the Tiatin 
American countries in this work. (Argentina 
1ms employed Dr. Blouin to make investigation 
for the planters there. Judging from a note 
found in the Hacendado McxicanOf Mexico is 
found in the Hacendado Mexican©, Mexico is 
feeling the necessity of such an institution as a 
sugar experiment station. In speaking of the 
work of the Peruvian station the Hacendado 
Mexicano says : *'We need a similar institution 
in this country, a thing we have been asking for 
for a number of years.") 



The experiment station has had and is still 
having considerable influences on the develop^ 
ment of the Peruvian sugar industry, and a few 
words concerning it will not be out of place. 

Its aim is to keep in touch with everything 
pertaining to the industry, from the analysis of 
soils and materials used in the business to the 
class of sugar a particular market demanded. 

Experimental fields were laid out, where all 
kinds of planting, fertilizing, irrigating tests 
were made. A laboratory was established, where 
original investigations were carried out; and 
soils, fertilizers, sugar house products and 
many other materials employed in the industry 
were examined, such as lubricating oils, building 
materials, boiler feed, waters, etc. A portable 
laboratory was fitted up, which was carried 
around to plantations that had no laboratory 
or chemist, and the work done for them by the 
station staff. Chemists were broken in for 
plantations and assisted in establishing field 
apd factory control on the estates where they 
were employed. Experiments were started on 
some of the plantations, an effort was made to 
have the weather observations recorded in each 
valley, and on as many individual estates as 
possible. A system of keeping statistics got- 
ten up by the station was adopted by somt; 
planters. 

The plantations were visited once or twice 
a year, with the object of consulting with the 
managers on questions relating to field and 
factory. During these visits notes were taken 
of the methods and machinery employed br 
each estate, and when there was any change 
in methods or new appliances introduced they 
were recorded. 

A consulting office was opened in a con- 
venient place in Lima, where certain hours 
during the day were set aside for giving advice 
and data to all who might be interested in the 
sugar industry, and who cared to take the 
trouble to call. 

The station issued bulletins, and reports were 
sent to all the plantations. Public lectures 
were given under its direction. Circular letters 
replying to questions asked by some of the 
planters were sent out. 

An effort was made to introduce uniform 
methods for guano sampling and analysis. The 
station took some part in the movement in 
Franco for the establishment of sugar analysis. 
It brought the planters together with the object 
of forming a well organized planters' associa- 
tion. 

As time went on it was planned to have a 
department of entomology and vegetable pathol- 
ogy. It was also the aim of the station to em- 
ploy a man of mechanical ability and inventive 
genius to study and work on labor saving de- 
vices and to study other mechanical prob- 
lems. 

Efforts were made to have an up-to-date 
factory (in model) set up in the machinery 
exhibition hall in Lima, so that the planters 
visiting the city could have an opportunity of 
learning for themselves what the latest im- 
provements were in factory construction. 

The labor problem in Peru, as in all countries 

\ is an important factor in the development of 

i the sugar industry. Peru, however, is better 

I off in this respect than many other countries, 

because the natives have shown a disposition to 

work. At pre^sent they are well treated and 

receive a fair wage for their service. The 

plantations support schools and hospitals for 



them and their interests are looked out for 
as far as conditions will permit. There is a 
closer relation and better understanding be- 
tween the planter and laborer than could exist 
if the laborer were foreign to the country. 

Forty or fifty years ago a good many Chi- 
nese were introduced to work on the plantations. 
At the present tieme Chinese laborers are ex- 
cluded from the country. Of late years a good 
many Japanese have been taken to Peru as 
laborers. Some plantations have had good re- 
sults* with them, while others have had very 
unsatisfactory results. 

There are a few coolies, negroes and other 
nationalities working on the estates, but the 
majority of the laborers are the natives of 
the country. For their own sake it is hoped 
that they will continue to evince a desire to 
work in both field and factory. 

The Peruvian sugar industry will be much 
influenced by the future supply of guano. Up 
to the present, guano containing 8 and 9 per 
cent nitrogen and about the same amount of 
phosporic acid could be purchased for about 
ten dollars per ton. If the supply is exhausted 
the planters will have to either give up fer- 
tilizing or use expensive prepared fertilizers. In 
either case they will lose some money. The 
government employed an expert to report on 
the guano question and to make recommenda- 
tions for the augmentation and conservation ot 
the guano supply. It has become of national 
interest and may figure in the future politics of 
the country. 

Peru sends sugar to a number of markets. 
Liverpool takes about 60,000 tons, Chili about 
40,000 and the rest is distributed between New 
York, San Francisco, Japan and Australia. It 
is generally sold aboard in Peruvian i>orts and 
the prices are governed by Liverpool quotations. 
Some markets buy on polarization and general 
appearance, while others demand the rendi- 
ment. 

The government protects the planter by a 
heavy tax on sugar. Agricultural machinery 
enters free of duty. There is, however, a heavy 
domestic tax on white sugar made and con- 
sumed in the country. 

The foreigner finds Peru a good country to 
do business in, as there is no paper money, and 
the Peruvian pound (gold) and the Ehiglish 
pass in the country at the same face value. Only 
a limited amount of silver (in coin) is allowed 
to be taken into Peru. 

The opening of the Panama Canal is ex- 
pected to have a marked influence in the devel- 
opment of the country, and consequently the 
sugar industrj'. 

The writer has estimated that the west 
coast of Peru is capable of raising its present 
annual output, of about 150,000 tons, to 300,- 
C»vv» tons of sugar and secondary outputs. 

The most urgent needs in the development ot 
the sugar industry to-day are : Rearrangement 
of the factories, introduction of modem crush- 
ing plants and labor saving devict's, protection 
of the guano birds and animals, the increase 
in the water supply in some sections, and (for 
greater extension) to bring some of the ola 
Inca lands under cultivation by extensive irri- 
gation works. 

The west coast of Peru is destined to be 
one of the most profitable sugar growing dis- 
tricts of the world. It only needs capital and 
systematic development. — T. F. Sedgwick^ in 
Hatcaiian Planter's Monthly for April, 1909. 

Digitized by VnOOQ IC 



July 3, 1009.] 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



13 



New Factor in Candy. 

Acording to information just made public 
the Standard Oil Company hafi entered the 
candy trade and will if it proves to be aa 
IMM>fitable as preliminary examinations indi- 
cated it might be, enter the retail business with 
a chain of stores covering the principal cities. 
The National Candy Company has the same 
directors as the Corn Products Refining Com- 
pany, which has been controlled by the Stand- 
ard Oil interwts for a long time and in- 
vestigations made through this department of 
the firm's business indicates that the profits 
on candy are suflBcient to tempt the large cap- 
italists who are interested in that concern to 
invpst in the distribution of candy at re- 
tail. 

The Standard Oil interests are already in 
the drug business, the Hegeman Corporation, 
which operates a number of the largest and 
bpftf drug *»torps in New York, being alHed 
with the Standard's interests. These stores 
have proved vpry profitable, according to those 
in position to know, and the result has been to 
cause investigation in other lines. 

It is understood that if the Standard in- 
terests do enter the retail candy field in any 
considerable degree it will be only in th« 
lower priced grade?^. They will not touch the 
higher priced at all, leaving them for the man- 
ufacturers who virtually monopolize that 
branch of the business. 

This is interesting chiefly as showing that 
the great capitalists allied with the Standard 
interests are busily engaged in carrying out 
their oft-expressed intention to control what 
may be termed the utilities of life. And surely 
candy in these times has become substantially 
a utiHty. Everybody consumes it and every- 
body is more or less interested in its manu- 
facture and distribution. Whether this move 
will cheapen it, or whether it, will have a 
tendency to increase the price can not now 
be foretold, but the move will be watched with 
a good deal of interest by dealers and consum- 
ers alike. — Orocers* Criterion, 



The Lillie Quadruple Effect for Formosa 

We learn from the Sugar Apparatus Manu- 
facturing Company, of Philadelpha, that they 
are now building for the Taiwan Seito Kabush- 
ilti Kwaisha two reversible vapor quadruple 
effects to be installed in the sugar factories of 
this Japanese corporation in Formosa. One 
of these quadruple effects will have a capacity 
of 550,000 gallons of juice concentrated 75 per 
cent of its volume in twenty-four hours, and 
the other a capacity for 325,000 gallons. Both 
of the apparatuses will be equipped with auto- 
matic devices for reversing at will the course 
of the heat and vapors throughout the ef- 
fects. 

In 1907 the Sugar Apparatus Manufacturing 
Company built three Lillie quadruple effects for 
sugar factories in Formosa belonging to this 
same Japanese firm. These factories were de- 
signed and built by the Honolulu Iron Works 
Company, as were also the factories for which 
the quadruple effects are now ueing built. 
All .of the quadruple effects herein mentioned 
were sold through the Honolulu Iron Works 
Company. 



Another Kestner Evaporator Sold. 

The Haubtman & Loeb Company, Limited, 
agents for the Kestner Evaporator, report to 
us that an additional sale has been made of 
this very popular type of evaporating apparatus, 
the contract in the present instance being made 
with the C. Lagarde Company, Limited, for their 
Leigh ton plantation, on Bayou Lafourche. A 
200,000-gallon triple effect will be installed at 
Leigh ton, and this is the sixth Kestner evai>or- 
ator to be sold in this State by the Haubtman 
& Loeb Company, which is certainly a recora 
to be proud of. The sales so far consist, in 
addition to the one made last week to the Live 
Oak plant, as follows : 

Smedes Brothers 150,000 DoubU*. 

Wilbert's Sons Lbr. k Shin'e Co.200,000 Triple. 

S. J. Gianelloni 125,000 Double. 

J. N. Pharr & Sons 150,000 Triple. 

C Lagarde Co 200,000 Triple. 

The sales of the Victor juice heater are also 
becoming active and another one of these 
heaters was sold during the past week to one 
of our local sugar manufacturers. 



Extensive Iron Works Consolidation. 

New Orleans has been a notable center of 
sugar machinery manufacture since the very 
early days of the nineteenth century. The 
firm of Leeds & Co. was established, we believe, 
in 1820, and was a very conspicuous builder 
of sugar machinery until the dissolution of the 
firm some years back. About 1875 Mr. Charles 
G. Johnson, an engineer and inventor and 
owner of cotton tie patents that had made him 
rich, entered into the manufacture of sugar 
machinery in the buildings now occupied by 
the Whitney Iron Works Company, jlr. John- 
son had quite a large business for a number of 
years and in the year 1878 erected some fifteen 
or twenty vacuum pan plants in the state, the 
freeze of the previous year suggesting to our 
sugar planters the desirability of that process 
of manufacture over the ordinary open kettle 
process, the results from which had been dis- 
astrous in 1877. Mr. Johnson, desiring to re- 
tire from business, sold out to the Whitney 
Iron Works Company, and Mr. Charles M. 
Whitney was the president, and the new cor- 
poration, with a very considerably increased 
outfit of high grade machinery, engaged at once 
in the manufacture of sugar machinery for 
use in Louisiana and also for export, and their 
mills, engines and other apparatus can now be 
found practically everywhere in the tropical 
world. 

Messrs. Bancroft, Ross & Sinclair,another 
great establishment, engaged in the manufacture 
of machinery for the sugar and other industries 
and with which our long time and well known 
friend, Mr. John Quealy, is connected, have 
been manufacturing cane mills, vacuum pans, 
multiple effects, engines, boilers and all kinds 
of sugar machinery with eminent success for 
some time. The failing health of Mr. Charles 
Whitney led to negotiations between these two 
corporations, the Whitney Iron Works Com- 
pany and the Bancroft, Ross & Sinclair Com- 
pany, and the result has been a consolidation 
of the two establishments into one large cor« 
poration, which will have the finest mechanical 
outfit that is obtainable and will be able to do 
work with as great a degree of economy as is 
possible anywhere. The details of this con- 
solidation have not yet been announced, but 11 
is thought that the two establishments will be 



concentrated under one roof and that probably 
on Tulane and Hagan evenues, where the Ban- 
croft, Ross & Sinclair Company is now located. 
The Tulane and Hagan avenues establishment 
has unsurpassed switching facilities, with full 
accessibility to all the railroads entering into 
NwW Orleans, and has every means for handling 
heavy weights mechanically. The works include 
$1 first class founory establishment, where they 
Cast metal every day, thus guaranteeing their 
patrons freedom from delay. Mr. W. M. Ban- 
croft is now general manager at the Whitney 
Iron Works plant, and the superintendency of 
the works will be retained by Mr. Ernest 
Churchill, who has officiated in that capacity in 
such a comi)etent way for so many years, and 
whose father, Cornelius Churchill, was in the 
same position before him. All work at tne 
Whitney shops will be carried out as contracted 
for, The steel foundry has been reorganized 
and they will hereafter take off two steel heats 
every week. 



North Louisiana. 

(SPKGIAL COaBXSPOMDENCB.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

Weather and crop conditions for last week 
in June are in the main favorable. The last 
half of May gave this section some ten inches 
of rainfall, some hail and wind, and for the 
time being "ruined the crops." The actual 
damage hit hard the potatoe crop, that was 
approaching maturity, and in most cases had 
been sold f. o. b. The tubers, however, were 
gotten out of the mud "first week in June," and 
contracts were filled. Our Delta land i>otatoe, 
like the illusive, black land potatoe ground above 
Cairo, will "do to sell." 

A part of the cotton crop (that part which 
was lost in the grass and weeds) has been 
changed into com. x'he com crop — ranging 
from "first plowing" to "out of roasting ear" — 
is about 500 per cent above the general average. 
Present indications point to a yield per acre 
that should make "a dead man sit up and take 
notice." Along Red River valley some contract 
sales at 60c per bushel have been made, deliv- 
ered at elevator. The local freight for ear 
corn from station to station will be in part re- 
funded in the through rate from elevator to 
New Orleans. The rate named is 12H cents 
per 100 pounds in bulk, minimum 50,000 i>ound8 
per car. We must keep in mind that we are en- 
tering a period of evolution in soil resources — 
caused by the boll weevil. With an average 
yield this year of 30 bushels per acre and a 
price of 60c less 5c local freight to elevator^ we 
have $16.50 per acre. There is no money in 
that. If the major part of a com crop can 
be marketed on hoof — hogs and cattle — it will 
show up beter in the yearly balance sheet. A 
small packing house for North I/>uisiana is con- 
tracted for in Shreveport. 

Peanut for fattening hog and for experimental 
crushing, for oil, are also on the programme. 
Paris green, applied in solution with a patent 
hand pump, the invention of a Red River cot- 
ton planter, is also clamoring for recognition. 
Based ui>on the number of pumps sold, there is 
now in four States — Texas, Louisiana, ^rkan- 
sas and Mississippi — over a hundred thousand 
acres of cotton under the **paris green" test. 
From the June reports on paris green tests we 
are satisfied that in a few years cotton on a 
reduced acreage, with culture methods and x>aris 
green applications, will be profitably grown 
on Delta lands. 



Digitized by 



Google 



14 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xUii, No. 1 



This year will go a long ways toward solving 
the problems of growing corn, oats, peanuts, 
hays and a reduced acreage in cotton, protected 
by paris green. After ample pastorage for stock 
there will be surplus land. 

The blind "instinct" in man, based on past 
experience here, teaches that one acre in cane 
On a plantation produces the largest amount of 
food stuff to a given amount of labor. Figura- 
tively speaking, no profit is looked for this year 
on Delta cotton lands. The future, however, 
looks fair, with opportunities for "bargains'* in 
land. The small white farmer in the hill sec- 
tion is successfully working his way and will 
get out into "the open" in advance of the rich 
cotton planter. For three years we have bought 
ail of our canned vegetables, such as tomatoes, 
beans, i>otatoes and molasses from the hill 
farmer. Ouachita. 



Qaussiran's Cane Orab. 

Among the labor savin? devices t^st have 
come into conspicuous use within a few years 
has been the cane grab, a grapple invented to 
pick canes off the ground and transfer them 
to cane carriers, or transfer them to waiting 
cars, or to pick up broken bundles or scatter- 
ing cane from the ground in the cleaning up of 
cane yards. The well known inventor, Mr. 
Jules Gaussiran, of Baldwin, La., has brought 
out a cane grab that will lift anywhere from 
one to three tons of cane at a single lift, pick- 
ing it up clean from the ground and trans- 
ferring it anywhere within the radius of the 
derrick to which it may be attached. Mr. 
Gaussiran's cane grabs involve some of the 
principles of the orange peel bucket so generally 
used these days in dredging. As the grab de- 
scends it reaches the ground at its fullest 
spread. The force then applied to the grab 
pulls the grappling points upward just as does 
the first pull on the parts of the orange peel 
dredge bucket. The grab, or grapple, in this 
way secures a full load of cane, or as much 
as may be available, befoi'e it begins to rise. 
These grabs can be made very small or very 



large and can be used in field loading devices, 
with horse power or gasoline engine, and can 
be made of any size desired for large loads 
and for unloading boats or standard gauge 
railway cars. Mr. Gaussiran will be glad to 
give any desired particulars as to the capacity 
of the grabs, their weight, price, etc. The il- 
lustrations given herewith indicate the one the 
small grab for cane loading in the field and 
the other a larger grab for cane yard use, or 
for transfer use at loading stations. The 
subjoined testimonials from well known sugar 
planters indicate their approving judgment as 
to the intrinsic merit of Mr. Gaussiran's de- 
vice. 

They read as follows : . . 

Irish Bend, St. Mart Parish, La, 
November 21, 1907. 
Jvle« Gaussiran^ Esq, : 

D^^a^ Sir — Please find inclosed our check in 
payment of the grab which you furnished us 
last week. We have put the grab to severe 
tests both for picking up scattered and broken 
loads of cane in the barges and also the same 
on the yard, and we will cheerfully recommend 
It as a great labor saver at any sugar house 
and an implement that will pay for itself many 
times over during a grinding. Yours truly. 
Oak Bluff Pltq. & Mnfq. Co., Ltd, 
Per W. R. Collins. 



Olhier, La., May 21, 1909. 
:I/r. Jules Gaussiran^ Baldtcin, La, : 

Dear Sir — After witnessing the practical 
demonstration of your cane grab in Baldwin 
a few days ago, the writer has decided to place 
an order for a small grab to unload barges at 
the Orange Grove Factory. As our present 
American Hoist Derrick on Bayou Teche is 
of light construction, I prefer a grab that will 
not v/eigh over 1,200 pounds and will handle 
about a ton of cane, and would suggest the 
following dimensions: 5% ft. wide when onen 
and C ft. long. 

The feature of your device which appeals to 
me most is the fact that it can be operated by 
one wire and easily tripped by any ordinary 
workman. I trust you will use only the very 
best material in the construction of the grab 
and that it will be entirely successful. 
Yours trulv, 

^ H. N. Pharr. 



Lunkenhelmer Valves for the Panama 
Canal. 

Last November we referred in our columns 
to the fact that the Lunkenhelmer Company, 
Cincinnati, Ohio, had received from the Pana- 
ma Canal Commission a very large order for 
their "Kenewo" globe, angle and cross valves. 
The order at that time covered upwards of seven 
thousand valves. The Lunkenhelmer Company 
now write us as follows : 

"Within the past two weeks this company re- 
ceived an additional order for the *Renewo" 
valves, amounting in all to upwards of fifty 
thousand dollars. This repeat order for this 
improved valve, from a discriminating purchaser 
such as the canal commission, tends to show 
that the merit of the device has been recognized 
and the initial order must have opened up so 
satisfactorily that they thought it necessary, in 
spite of the severe competition and lower prices, 
to favor the Lunkenhelmer Company with their 
specification. 

"The 'Renewo' valve has a renewable, self- 
cleansing seat, and the disc can also be replaced 
when worn. Owing to the ingenious construc- 
tion of the seating faces, the seat will outwear 
many discs. It is not necessary in every case 
to replace these parts, as the regrinding feature 
(which the Lunkenhelmer Company originated, 
and which has been featured by them fpr many 
years in another valve construction) is also 
embodied in the "Renewo** valve, so that if de- 
sired the seating faces can be reground and made 
tight without removing the valve from connect- 
ing pipes. 

"This device is worthy of the investigation ot 
engine? rs generally, and the Lunkenhelmer Com- 
pany, at Cincinnati, or tneir branches in New 
York, Chicago or Boston, will be glad to supply 
ful particulars." 



Beet Sugar Notes 

The Caro, Michigan, beet sugar factory has 
secured 11.000 acres of beets for the coming 
rtcasou. 

Some of the Colorado beet farmers will pay 
by the ton for the pulling and topping of tueir 
beets instead of by the acre, as formerly, 
hoping thereby to interest the workens in a 
large final yield. ^ 



LARGE GRAB FOB CANE YARD OR LOADING STATION 



SMALL ORAB FOR LOAD ING CANE IN THE FIELD 



Digitized by 



Google 



July 3, 1&09.J 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



15 



Jaly 2d. 

SUGAR. 

Clarifibd— 

96» Test 

Plantation Granulated 

Choioe White 

Off White 

Choioe Yellow 

Prime Yellow 

OflYellow 

Beoonds 

Opbn Kettle Centrifuoal 
Old Process Open Kettle. 

MOLASSES. 

Dfbn Kettle Centrifuoal< 
Old Process Open Kettle* 
Centrifugal 

CANE SYRUP. 



WEEKLY MARKET REPORT. 



1909. 



June 26 



June 28 



- ® - 

- @ - 

4A@43.4 

4A^04A 
3H(§4 

None 



None 
@ - 
Nominal 

None 



— @392 

- @ 
4A^4^ 

4A«4>'4 

4A@4A 
J^tl@4 

None 



None 

Nominal 

None 



June 29 



- @8 92 

- (g - 

- @ - 
4i\@4?i 

4A@4ij| 
4A^4A 
3+1 §4 
2%@3% 

None 

- (8 - 



None 
- @ - 
Nominal 

None 



June 30 




2^@3% 

Nominal 

- @ - 

None 

- @ - 
Nominal 

None 



July I 



Nominal 

- @ - 

None 

- <§ - 
Nominal 

None 



July 2 



Sim Btf LmI Tmt 



- @392 

- @ - 

4jj^@4A 
4A@4A 
4 @^H 

2Si3% 

Nominal 

- (^ - 



None 
- <§ - 
Nominal 

None 



-®4A 
- 8 - 



4H@4+i 
4>i@43^ 

4>i@4A 
2^@4>i 

4 @4)^ 



None 
- @ - 
Nominal 

None 



TtM tf Eartnt it 
CiMtif WhI[. 



Qaiet. 



Nominal. 



Nominal. 



OTHBR MA.RKBTS. 



New York: 

Centrifugals. 96^ 

Mttsooyado, 89^ 

Molasses Sugars, 89®. . 

Granulated 

StandardA 



London: 

Jara, No. 16 D. 8. 
A. and O. Beet... 



- (33 92 

- @ 

- @ 

- @4 85 

- @4 70 



lis. 4Hd. 
JOs. 5>4d 



- @3 92 

- @ - 

- - 

- @4 86 

- (§4 70 



lis. 4^d. 
iOs. b}4d. 



@3 92 
(3 - 
@ - 
S4 85 
@4 70 



lis. 4><d. 
108. 5^d. 



- @ ~ 

- (^ - 

- @4 85 

- @4 70 



Us. 4><d. 
iOs. 5)^d. 



— @3 92 



@4 75 
@4 69 



lis. 4>^d. 
IOs. 5M<1. 



- @3 92 

- - 

- @ - 

- ©4 75 

- @4 60 



lis. iyid. 
IOs. 6d. 



S4 33 
(3 - 
(3 - 
(35 80 
@5 15 



12s. 4>^d. 
Us. 5>^d. 



BAws—Steady. 



Rkfinkd— 
Good demand. 



CANB-Qulet 
and steady. 

Bbkt- Steady 
but little of- 
fering^ 



INBW ORLrBA^IVS REHIIVBD. 



Cubes 

ZXXX Powdered 

Standard Powdered 

Fruit Powdered 

Coarse Powdered 

Standard Fine Granulated 
Standard Fine Granulated 

in {•••lb. sacks in b«lk 

Confectioners Candy A . . 



- (35 15 

— (35 05 

— (35 00 

— (35 00 

— (35 00 

- @4 90 

- (34 90 

- @4 90 



@b 15 
@5 05 
(^5 00 
@5 00 
@5 00 
(34 9J 

@4 90 
@4 90 



- (35 15 

- @5 05 

- @5 00 

- (35 00 

- (36 00 

- @4 90 

- @4 90 

- (34 90 



- @6 15 

— @6 05 

— @5 00 

— @6 00 

— (36 00 

- (34 90 

- @4 90 

- (34 90 



- @5 05 

- @4 95 

- @4 90 

- @4 90 

- (34 90 

- @4 80 

- ®4 80 

- @4 80 



- @6 06 

- @4 95 

- @4 90 

- @4 90 

- @4 90 

- @4 80 


- @4 80 

- @4 30 



@5 60 
(36 50 
(35 45 
(35 45 
@5 45 
@5 35 

(35 35 
(35 35 



steady. 
Qoodd 



demand. 



STOCKS. 

At four ports in the United SUtes to June 23, 1909 365,116 Tom 

At four perts of Great Britain to June 1,1909 98,000 " 

At Cuba, six ports to June 22, 1909 228.000 " 



«Rec«lirti aad 8alM at New Orteaae, for the week eadlat July 2, 

-S\igar- 



Hhds. 



ReoeiTed . 
Sold 



Barrels. 
11,224 
11,624 



1909. 

Molaasas 

Barrels. 

1,520 

1,520 



Recelfrte and lalee at New Orfeaae freoi Sept. 1, 1908. te July 2, 1909. 

'---— -Sxjgar — s Malaaaaa 

Hhds. Barrels. Barrels 

ReoeiTed — 1,698,107 263,582 

Sold 1,650,977 262,882 

ReoeiTed same time last year .... — 1,832,524 243,920 



RICE. 

ROUGH, per bbl. 
Honduras 



Japan 



CLEAN, per lb. 
Honduras: 

Head 

Straights... 
Soreenings . 
No. 2 



Japan: 

Head 

Straights... 
Soreenings . 
No. 2 



Bran, per ton . . 
PousHyper ton. 



June^S 



- @ - 



4>'4@6K 
3^@4^ 

2><(32% 
- @2 



3 

- @ - 

2 @ - 

19 50@21 00 
27 00(328 00 



June 28 



None 
None 



4K@6X 
3^@4^ 
2«@2% 

- @2 

3 ®3H 

- @ - 

2 (3 - 

19 50^21 (0 
27 00(S)28 00 



June 29 



None 
None 



2«@2^ 



3 mh 

- @ - 
2H(^2H 
2 @ - 

19 50@21 00 
27 00(328 00 



June 80 



None 
None 



4^@6>< 

2X@2?1 

- @2 

3 ®3H 

- @ - 
2H@2}i 
2 (3 - 

19 50(321 00 
27 00(328 00 



July 1 



None 
None 



4M@«>6 
3?i(34M 
2^®2^ 

— @2 

3 @3^ 

- @ - 
2»@2K 
2 @ - 

19 50@21 00 
27 00(328 00 



July 2 



None 
None 



4ji(36>< 
2^®2% 



3 @3?i 
- (3 - 
2H@2H 
2 (3 - 

19 50(321 00 
27 00@28 00 



Same Day 
Last Tear 



3 50(34 50 
2 75@4 25 



33i@4« 
2?i@3K 
2H®2h 

3K@4^ 

- (3 - 

2?^@3)^ . 

2^(32?i 

17 50@21 50 
26 50@29 00 



Ton 3 of Market 
at clo6e>f week 



Honduraii- 
Nomlnal. 



Jaoan — 

Nominal. 



aondaraH- Firm. 



Japan- Firm. 



aeoefpt^tbae fkr this week 

Raoelptfl thus far thlp seanon 

ftaoelpte dnrlns ^ara* tlra*^ laHt year. 



Raoalpta SLnd SsLlas SLt Na^r Orlaaaa. 

SaokiRoui^h. Foekete of Clean 
1,919 6,738 

1,258,414 83S.9S8 

1.179,167 669.164 



Saoki RonvH p-ck<»i*> or Oaaa 

Bales thus thia Week (laoladingmiUen' reoetpta). 1,212 6,597 

Sales thus fJAT this Heason, 1,193,017 1.009,169 

Bales darlnc same time Last Tear 1,106,766 1106.861 



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[Vol. rliU. No. 1 



WANTS 



We win publish In this column free of charge 
until further notice, the applications of all man- 
agers, overseers, chemists, sugar-makers and oth- 
ers who may be seeking positions, and also the 
wants of planters and sugar manufacturers de- 
siring to employ any of these. 

These advertisements will be inserted until 
they are pushed out at the bottom of the column 
by the influx of new advertisements at the top. 
Any advertiser may have his advertisement re- 
inserted anew, however, if he will write it out 
again and send it In to us. 

We cannot undertake to forward by mail replies 
to the advertisements In this column, even though 
postage be supplied, and, to secure publication In 
the issue of the succeeding Saturday, they must 
reach us not later than Thursday morning of 
each week. 



HELP WANTED. 



TWO sugar boilers for Cuba. Apply with ref- 
erence. L. J.' S. 2829 Bell St., New Orleans, La. 

0-30-09 



TBACEIER now at leisure would like position 
for Fall, to teach English. French and Music. 
Best references. Address Mrs. Z. W. Porter, 2036 
Ursuline St., New Orleans. 6-26-09 



BY a former Louisiana young man, 20 years 
of age, who has been In Texas taking a business 
course, position such as assistant bookkeeper, su- 
gar or cane weigher, for this coming season. Can 
write fair hand. Address 407 Capitol Avenue, 
Houston, Texas. 6-29-09 

• AN experienced electrician wants position In 
the country to take charge of plant. I^namo 
work a specialty. Address Gayle Schneidau. 
1468 Nashville Ave., New Orleans, La. 6-29-09 



POSITION as maiMiger or sub-noanager of a sugar 
estate, Cuba, Porto Rico or Bililsh West Indies pre- 
. ferred Have had lo years practical ex perlence in B. 
W. indies on estates conducted rn up-to-date agri- 
culture! methods and equipped with modem ma- 
chinery. Uave also rr ana ged cocoa estates Am 48 
years of age Best of references. Address Fitzsim- 
MSNS, 804 North 20tb i^t , ^ew York. 6-lft-09 

COMPETENT sugar maker and chemist, with 2) 
yearsezperienoein both beet ft nd cane, thoroughly 
experienc d In boiling, wishes position for next crop 
eitnerln Cuba, Porto Rico, Mexico or any part of the 
West indl*>s. -peaks Spanish Best references at 
hand. Address O. G., Si Buena Vista Ave., Yonkers, 
N. Y. 6-15^ 



CHEMIST and sug>«rhoiise superintendent with 17 
years of practical experience in Louisiana and Cuba 
is open for a position for the coming «rop in Cuba or 
Porto Rico. Best of references. Addret>s P. «». Box 
175, New Orleans, La. 6-24-00 



WANTED Sugar house engineer for 500 tons 
factory in Porto Rico, to make repairs and al- 
terations, and take off crop. Apply stating age, 
experience, references and salary expectations. 
Knowledge of Spanish desirable, but not essen 
tlal. Some knowledge of draughting is also de- 
sirable. Must be available about Sept. 1. Apply 
to Post Ofllce Box No. 1 — Patlllas, Porto Rico. 

6-30-09. 



ONE competeat chemist with cane experience. 
Must thoroughly understand chemical control. Three 
assistant ohemisls. Wanted for the c 'ming Louisi- 
ana crop. F. F. Brbnem«.n, 7529 St. Charlen Ave., 
New O rleans. 6-25^ . 

CHE^IIST, for Mexico. Applicants please s ate 
college training and practical experience. Alio S'tl- 
ary expected. Mutt report Dec. 1st. Address Q,uil- 
LBB, care of The Louisiana Planter. («-17-0» 

Em>BCTING engineers for Pratt Imperial sugar 
mill machinery ; must be capable machinists with 
experience both in shops and in the field. Ad- 
dress with references Pbatt E*noinbbbino A Ma- 
CHINB Co.« Atanta, Oa. 6-9-09 



CHEMIST of sereval years experience and with 
a short engagement in this country, open for an 
engagement in the tropics. References furnish- 
ed. Address J. H. Swltzer, Jr., 3526 Laurel St., 
New Orleans, La. 6-23 09 



POSITION as engineer of sugar-house. Am 
first class machinist. Either in Louisiana, Cuba, 

?f,??5!^°c°^xT^°***5 ,^*<=<»- K- Schmuts. 3118 St. 
Philip St., New Orlens, La. 6-22-09 



I POSITION In Louisiana, Cuba, Mexico or Portp 
I Rico, as chief sugar boiler. Can furnish best of 
I references; 16 years of practical experience. 
' Have worked as chief In some of the largest 
houses in Louisiana. Am strictly sober and at- 
tend to my work, Can attend to my own classifi- 
cation. Close boiler of first and low grade sugars. 
Address Jos. J. Landry, Convent. La. 6-9-09. 

BY young man 28 years old, position for run- 
ning a gasoline launch. Have had lots of ex- 
perience and can furnish references. Address C. 
O. ALDBiCH, Wilhelm, La. 6-11-09 



POSITION as an electrician for coming sea- 
son, having ten years experience. Either Cuba, 
Mexico or Porto Rico. H, Almlniana, 416 Bour- 
bon St. 6-2209 



POSITION wanted by competent clarlfler of 
ong experience, on any sugar plantation in Lou- 
isiana or elsewhere, Address J. B. Le Bas, 4616 
CarroUton Avenue, New Orleans, La 6-22-09 



A MAN to sell sugar-house paints and mill sup- 
plies. Must have acquaintance and experience. Ad 
dress Paints, care of the Louisiana Flanntbb. 
830 Carondelet St., New Orleans. 5-6-09 

SUGAR BOILER for coming season. Plant two 
million capacity. References especially as to qual- 
ity of sugar and extraction. Thorough knowledge 
of clarification. Address P. O. Box 146, White- 
castle, La. 5-4-09 



SITUATION WANTED. 



POSITION as assistant sugar boiler. Refer- 
ences furnished. Address Louis Khal, 930 Con- 
gress St., New Orleans, La. 7-2-09 



POSITION by a young married man as book- 
keeper, assistant bookkeeper, clerk in plantation 
store, grocery store, commissary or time clerk at 
saw mill. Fine in figures and very good with 
pen. I do not drink intoxicating liquors. Grad- 
ate In bookkeeping in Goodyear-Marshall system. 
Will go anywhere. Salary no object. Address 
Hiram LaRue, Lovelady, Texas. 7-2-09 

AN experienced cane factory superintendent 
and chief sugar boiler with 22 y^ars experience, 
from a laboratory boy up, desires to contract 
with some large tropical sugar manufacturing com- 
pany as superintendent or chief sugar maker. 
Thoroughly understands working low grade su- 
gars and obtain good results. Best references. 
Address P. O. Box 163, Hamilton City, Califor- 
Pia- 7-1-09 

A Chemist, graduate, with d years experience 
as chief chemist In United States and Tropics, 
wants position as chemist or assistant in cane 
or beet sugar factory in the United -States or 
other country, t^peaks Spanish. Best reterences 
Address Chemist, 3344 N. Carlisle St., Phllader- 
Phla. Pa. l-l-Od 

^^^^^^"^^"^■^^^^^"^^^^"^^^^■'^^™^^^^"^"^™"^^^^™^»™»^^» 

YOT'NO man wants a position as bookkeeper 
and stenographer. Have had two months experl- 
ence as bookkeeper and stenographer. At present 
employed but desires a change. H. A. Monzello. 
Maryland, Tenn. 6-29-09 



POSITION wanted by a competent sugar boiler 
of 17 years practical experience in some of the 
largest factories in Louisiana, Texas and Porto 
Rico, for the forthcoming season, in Cuba, Porto 
Rico or Mexico. Close boiler and thoroughly un- 
derstand boiling back low grade goods for crystal- 
Izers. etc., so as to get best results and low purity 
finals. A No. 1 clarlfier, and right up to date. 
Best references furnished. Adddress Pboof 
Stick, Box 353 Donaldson vllle, La. 6-22-09 

BY stenographer, five years experience rail- 
roading, contracting, aad brokerage lines. Ref 
erences. Address L. B., 2006 Peters Aventio, 
New Orleans. 6-18 09 

POSITION as sugar maker, by a first class boiler, 
having 14 yea 'S of pracMcAl experience In raw and 
refloe i sugars, both be-^t and cane. Do my own clar- 
ifying. Very close boiler of seconds nnd low grade 
sugars. Have boiled for some of the lancest cane 
houses and beet factories Strictly sober and reliable- 
can furnish best references. Will accept position in 
Louisiana, Texa;, Mex .co, or any of the beet factories. 
Address Jno W. Mbybb, 23.7 St. Phi ip St , New 
Orleans, La '^ ^^19^^ 



CHE.VII8T, Graduate, with seven years experience, 
desires position in Louisiana for coming «*rop. Can 
furnish best of refer nces. Speak several langnaees. 
Address John Malowan, Carcaran. California. 6-2-09 

CHEMICAL engineer with over 20 years exper- 
ience as superintendent of sugar houses and alcohol 
}>lants (in America and Europe). Specialist for the 
iermentatlon of cane molasses and expert distiller, 
is open for engagement. Address R. E. Gbevbm- 
BKBG, Ansley, Miss. 6-1-09 

WANTED position as first class blacksmith on any 
plantation in Lonlslaua 86 years experience. Ref- 
erences given. Address Pbank Smith, New Orleans 
Postofilce. e-l-Od 



ARE YOU looking for a su^ar maker and not a su 
gar destroyer to 'perate your house? Correspondence 
Is invited by an up-to-date sugar maker. Will commit 
myself on quality and quantity produced. I am an 
analytical cnemlst wl ih experience and a superinten- 
dent with practlbillty. Can speak Spanish, German 
aud English Will go anywhere on a good Job. Ad- 
dress Marcus, care Loulsh&na Planter. 6-1*09 



HOSITIO N wanted as head or assistant overseer on 
a sugar plantation Am h5 years o'd and married 
Have had lots of experience raising cane Can 
furnish good references if required. Addro^s J n 
Gibbons, Wilhelm, La. 6-17I09 

A8FI8TANT CHEMIST, graduate leading univer- 
sity with nearly three years experieoce. Best of ref- 
erences. Desires position in the tropics for comlnir 
ST^JP' ^^^"^ employed and speak Spanish. Address 
P. O. Box 813, Blacksburg, Va. • £.17-09 



GRADUATED chemist, 37 vears old, with long ex- 
KI?^*J^*/? ?^^^ *>'«*^ manufactu ri og, suvar refining 
H^i?J?V***H?"®^^^^ •"«»»• ™ol«M«, desires posi- 
tion in Louisiana or Mexico for coming campaiSi 
Speaks Spanish, German and sufliclent Eagllsh. 
iY.^J?- '^^^ as superintendent, of one of the 
largest sugar factories In Cuba. Address Labob, 
care of Louisiana Plantbb. 6-15-09 



POSITION as chief engineer on some swgar planta- 
tion. Reliable, sober man, 26 years experience and 
best recommendations. Address L. T. Hebbbt. Dor- 
oeyvUle P. O., La. 5-29^ 

POSITION as sugar boiler daring coming crop 
on any plantation In Louisiana; best references 
from the leading sugar planters of St Mary. 
Paul Picot, 219 Tupelo St 5-81-09 

POSITION as assistant engineer In sugarhouse, or 
help to make repairs. In Louisiana only. Addr— 



F. P. BouTTB, Gramercy, La. 



5-27-00 



Td Whom It May Concern. 

The Fisher Distributing Bagasse Burn- 
ers, and Fisher Patent Hollow Blast Bars 
are fully protected by Letters Patent 
throughout the United States, Porto Rico, 
Cuba, Mexico, and other foreign sugar 
countries, and any infringement on these 
burners, or bars, or any part thereof 
will be vigorously prosecuted. 

FISHER BAGASSE FURNACE CO., Ltd., 

913 Qirotf St.. NEW ORLEANS. 



POSITION as water tender for this coming 
grlndlDg season. Can furnish A.I references. 
Bight years experience, and also understand oil 
burning thoroughly. Strictly sober and steady. 
Emlle L. Rodrlgue, DonaldsonvIUe, La. 6.29-OU 



Louisiana Sugar Co., 

General Commission Merchants. 



Solicit Consignments of 



Sugar — Molasses — Rice 



305 Hlbernla Bldg. 



NEW ORLEANS. 1 



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The Louisiana Planter 

and Sugar Manufacturer 

A Weekly Newspaper Devoted to the Sugar, Rice and Other Agricultural industries of Louisiana 



Vol. XXXXIII. 



NEW ORLEANS, JULY 10, 1909. 



No. 2. 



The Louisiana Planter 

— AND— 

Sugar Manufacturer 

OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE 

L0T7ISIAKA SUGAB PLAKTESS' ASSOCIATION, 

Amkbican Cakb Gbowebs' Association, 
Ascension Bbanch Sugab Planters' Association, 
Louisiana Sugab Chbhists' Association, 
Kansas Sugab Gbowbbs' Association, 
Texas Sugab Plantebs' Association, 
Intbbstate Cane Gbowebs' Association, 
The Assumption Agbicultubal and Industbial 
Association. 



PublUbed at New OiieaiM, La., every Saturday Momliic 

BY THE 

LOUISL^NA PLANTER AND SUGAR 

MANUFACTURER CO. 

Devoted to Loutstana Agriculture in general, and 

to the Sugar Industry In particular, and in all 

tta branches, Anlcultural, Mechanical, 

Chemical, Political and Commercial. 



SDITOBIAL C0BP8. 

W. C. STUBBS, Ph. D. W. J. THOMPSON. 
W. W. PUGH. JOHN DYMOND. 



Entered at the Postoffice at New Orleans as 
second-class mail matter, July 7, 1888. 

FEB ANNUM 

Terms of Subscription (including postage) . . .|8.00 
Foreign Subscription 4.00 

ADVERTISING RATES. 



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All communications should be addressed to The 
Louisiana Planteb, 839 Carondelet street^ New 
Orleans, La. 



LIST OF OBGANIZEBS. 



McCALii Bbothbbs, 
McCaix ft Lbgendbv^ 
Leon Godchauz, 
James Tbllbb, 
B. Lbmann ft Bbo.» 
Leoncr Soniat> 
Louis Bush, 
W. E. Bbickell, 
W. C. Stubbs, 
John Dtmond, 
Daniel Thompson, 
Foos ft Babnbtt, 
H. C.-Wabmoth, 
Lucius Fobsyth, Jb., 
Bdwabd J. Gat, 
Shattuck ft Hoffman, 
Bmilb Rost, 
Thomas D. Millu, 
Schmidt ft Zieglbb» 
T. O. McLaubt, 
L. S. Clabk, 
J. B. Letebt, 
Simpson Hobnob, 
W. B. Bloomfibu>, 

W. W. SUTCLIFFE, 

John S. Moobe, 
Jambs C. Mubpht* 
Jos. Webbk, 



R. Bbltban, 

LUCIBN SoNIAT, 

D. R. Caldeb, 
L. A. Ellis, 
Hebo ft Malhiot, 
W. J. Brhan, 

J. T. Moobe, Jb., 
Edwabds ft Haubtman, 
John A. Mobbis, 

E. H. Cunningham, 
R. Vitebbo, 

H. C. MiNOB, 
C. M. SOBIA, 

J. L. Habbis, 
j. h. mubpht, 
Andbbw Pbicb, 
E. ft J. KoCK, 
Wm. Gabig, 
Adolph Meteb, 
A. A. Woods, 
Bbadish Johnson, 
Gbobob p. Andebton, 
A. L. Monnot, 

RiCHABD MILLIKIOI, 

W. p. Miles, 
Lezin a. Becnei^ c 
J. N. Phabb, ^ 

JuLM J. Jacob. 



The Cane Crop. 

The general tenor of reports from the cane 
belt is to the effect that the crop is progres- 
sing favora/bly, the only drawback being that 
rains are still too frequent dn some sec- 
tions to permit of its being laid by properly. 
In a numlber of localities, however, drier 
weather hae been experienced and worls in 
the fields has been possible and the opportu- 
nity has been taken advantage of to the 
fullest extent. The temperature has been 
very high and the weaither conditions in 
general such as to promote the rapid growth 
of cane. 



June Weather in New Orleans. 

Dr. I. M. Cline of the U. S. Weather Bureau 
in New Orleans, bas just issued his monthly 
sutmanary, now, covering the weather con- 
ditions of June, 1909 at the New Orleans Sta- 
tion. The mean temperature for June <has 
been 80.9 F., against a mean temperature of 
80.6 F. for the last thirty^ix years. The 
month was of the same temiperature as that 
of laet year and of about the same as the 
general average of the thirtynsix. The high- 
est June temperature reported was tbat of 
85 F. for June 1881, wliich, however was not 
a good cane year, owing to the cold weather 
and bad start early in tbe year. The highest 
June temperature recorded was 98 F., the 
year not given, and the lowest 58 F. For the 
six months ending June 30 the prevailing 
temperature has been 0.9 degrees F. above 
the average, or an aggregate of 158 degrees 
for the six months, or 180 days. During 
June Just passed the average maximum tem- 
perature has been 87.7 F.. with several days 
reaching 93 F., viz., June 17th., 25th., and 
30th. The average minimum was 74.1 F., 
the month beginning with a minimum of 72 
F. and the . following fdur days recording 
each 70 F. 

The total rainfall at the New Orleans Sta- 
tion was 8,82, against 2.39 inxjhes in June 
of last year and against a normal June 
rainfall for thirty-nine years of 6.01 inches. 
The excess of rainfall for the first six months 
of this year Is 3.18 inches. June has been a 
very variable month so far as its rainfall is 
concerned, the same falling to 0.98 of an 
inch in 1907 and rising to 12.05 inches in 
1883 and to 11.33 inches in 1887. 

The prevailing direction of the wind has 
been from the Southeast, with a total move- 
ment of 500007 miles. There were 13 clear 
days, 9 partly cloudy and 8 cloudy. 



Retailers' Sugar Trust in England. 

Consul General Robert J. Winn reports to 
the U. S. Department of Coommerce and 
L*abor that the distributors of sugar in Lon- 
don and its suburbs have aq?parently entered 
into an agreement, or a combination, re- 
stricting the minimum prices for sugars to 
certain figures, 'below wich they must not 
be retailed. F(^ instance, the minimum quo- 
tations would stand at Castor sugar, or cut 
loaf, 5 cents per pound; lump granulated, 
'Demerara and yellow crystals, 4 cents; eo- 
called pieces, or common yellow refined, 3 
cents. The retail dealers have entered into 
a comibination to get these prices, which are 
about half a cent per pound ^higher than the 
prices previously prevailing in England. Of 
course their desire is to increase the profit 
on the sugar part of their business, man*) 
dealers being in the .habit of cuitting prices 
on sugar, making a specialty of it, and in 
this way getting other trade that may come 
with it incidentally and this new sugar trust 
hopes to break up that bad habit. 



British India, the Largest Sugar Pro- 
ducer. 

In this issue of the Louisiana Planter 
there will ibe found another installment of 
-Mr. Peter Abel's interesting account of a 
tour through India last year. The relation 
that the English Bast Indies bear to the 
sugar industry is extremely interesting, be- 
cause of the magnitude of the industry and 
the fact that notwithstanding the enormous 
home production of sugar quite a consider- 
able amount additional is imported. In the 
first installment of Mr. Abel's article, which 
we published in our issue of June 26, on 
page 410, *<Mr. Abel accounts satisfactorily 
for a production of about 4 million tons of 
sugar from a little less than 3 million acres 
of land in sugar cane. As will be there 
seen, he estimates the total British East 
Indian production of sugar at about 5 mil- 
lions of long tons. As practically none of 
this enters into the commerce of the world, 
it becomes evident that the East Indians 
learned many years ago of the nutritive 
value of sugar as a food stuff and have con- 
sistently consumed at home all of that vast 
production. 

Mr. Abel's articles are written from the 
point of view of a sugar expert of long ex- 
perience. He spent many years in the Brit- 
ish West Indies and was for years the gen- 
eral manager of tbe famous Usine St. Made- 
leine in the British Island of Trinidad. We 



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[Vol. xllll, No. 2 



shall have further installments of the notes 
made by him during his tour, all of which 
we are sure will interest our readers. 



Cuban Bureau of Information. 

The Louisiana Planter is advised by the 
Secretary of Agriculture, Commerce and La- 
<bor of the Republic of Cuiba, that a Bureau 
of Information has -been established with the 
beginning of the present fiscal year and 
President Oomez has appointed as its di- 
rector Mr. Leon J. Canova, an American 
newspaper man, who has resided in Cuba 
eleven years and has a wide acquaintance 
with the island. Parties desiring informa- 
tion of any nature concerning Cuba can ob- 
tain the same, free of charge, by writing to 
Leon J. Canova, U. & I. Bureau, Department 
of Agriculture, Commenre and Labor, Ha- 
vana, Cuba. 



Southern Paper Stock. 

The Bomewthat -panicky feeling that pre- 
vails among paper users in the United States 
owing to the rapid exhaustion of the supplies 
of wood for making wood pulp paper and 
the general scarcity, of all other material 
adapted to the manufacture of white pa- 
per, may find its ultimate relief in the ag- 
ricultural south. At Braithwaite, Louisiana, 
the United Railway & Trading Co. has been 
continuing its experimental paper making 
with sugar cane bagasse as its c^ief ele- 
ment, sufpplementing the (bagasse fiber with 
various other fiibers, as has been done by 
Mr. Bert Lamarre In Trinidad, B. W. I. 
Quite excellent paper has 'been made in con- 
siderable quantities from com stalks and 
we believe that this has been done in con- 
nection with Prof. .Stewart's experiments in 
the manufacture of sugar from corn stalks, 
the resulting bagasse, or fiber being emi- 
nently fit for paper making. 

It now seems that Mr. John W. Gates, the 
successful speculator and at present con- 
siderably interested in Texas, is willing to 
back up a paper mill corporation in South- 
eastern Texas for the punpose of manufactur- 
ing paper from rice straw. The Dallas 
Trade Review, referring to the matter, 
states that a mill with a capacity of 25 
tons of pulp per day could be ^ected for 
$60,(M)0 and that hence a $100,O(>0 corpora- 
tion, with its capital paid ui), could make a 
success of this business from the beginning 
and be able to pay $5 a ton for the rice 
straw. Incidentally it is stated that a cord 
of paper pulp wood is now costing from 
two to three times as much as it did fifteen 
years ago, with no prospects of being 
cheaper. This leads, of course, to very ex- 
haustive inquiries into every source of sup- 
ply for fibers adapted to paper manufacture. 
The owners of the Braithwaite paper mill 
believe that they are able to make a suc- 
cess of their business and are arranging to 
improve their factory in several respects 
and expect to turn out white paper. As 
other kinds of straw have already been suc- 
cessfully utilized in paper making, we should 



think that rice straw, although more re- 
fractory, could be profitably utilized in the 
manufacture and the report is that John 
W. Oates thinks so at least. 

It is a notable fact that Indian corn i>ro- 
duces more stalk and less grain relatively in 
the South than in the North, and the fiber 
of Indian com, having already been suc- 
cessfully made into paper with the proba- 
bility of the iSouth engaging far more large, 
ly than ever in corn culture it would seem 
that within a few years the federal union 
may be looking to the Gulf states for a 
large fraction of its supply of paper stock, 
whether it be ibagasse of sugar cane or corn 
stalks. Apart from this, again, we have the 
fact that paper can be successfully made 
from cotton stalks and that it is only a ques- 
tion of making the paper iprofitably. The 
supply of cotton stalks would be practically 
unlimited, the same as the supply of corn 
stalks. The price, however, per ton of raw 
material must be suflScient to lead those in- 
terested to market these crude materials. 
In the matter of bagasse it has a very posi- 
tive fuel value at the sugar factories where 
it is produced and this fuel value will always 
interfere more or less with the successful 
utilization of 'bagasse for paper stock. 



Seed Corn for the Philippines. 

In our new oriental empire, the Philip- 
pines, some 750 miles south of Manira, at 
Zamboanga, on the island of Mindanao, 
where an excellent newspaper, the Mindanao 
Herald is published, we learn that the su- 
perintendent of the iSan Ramon farm is offer- 
ing a free distribution of seed corn that is 
thought to be of value to the natives there. 
The corn they have dates its ancestry back 
to seed brought into the Philippines by 
Magellan in 1521. The editor of the Herald 
hopes that the seed com will be utilized in 
planting and that the ^Spanish fighting 
cocks may be made to grind on the common 
corn ot the country until after the new 
harvest shall come in. Incidentally, the 
superintendent of the San Ramon farm says 
that he will furnish 25 ears of seed com to 
any one desiring it and presenting suffi- 
cient proofs of his intention of iplanting the 
corn and not utilizing it otherwise. 

.Still further south lies the Zulu archi- 
pelago, where our Mohammedan fellow citi- 
zens are living as best they can under our 
American control. The magnitude of our 
Philippine possessions can be comprehended 
perhaps better wlien we consider that the 
whole island country is some 1500 miles 
long by 900 miles wide and is about the 
most complicate possession ever offered to a 
civilized government for Its control. The 
people vary in color from black to nearly 
white and in religious faith from heathen 
savagery to Mohammedanism and Christian- 
ity. This vast country, reaching nearly to 
the equator, with an immense population 
and fertile lands, can be made to do won- 
derful things in the way of producing sugar 



cane, Indian corn, etc., and it seema to be 
the intent of the present administration to 
make the necessary efforts. 



Farmers' National Consrress. 

This organization of the farmers of the 
country, whicOi was effected three decades 
ago, will hold its twenty-ninth annual ses- 
sion at Raleigh, (North Carolina, beginning 
November 3d. The Farmers* National Con- 
gress has become a very influential body and 
many of its suggestions have 'been acted on 
iby congress. President Cameron has al- 
ready secured a number of excellent speak- 
ers of great ability and reputation and the 
intellectual side of the entertainment will be 
doubtless full of enjoyment. Reduced Tall- 
road rates from several sections of the coun- 
try have already been secured and it is pre- 
sumed that* more will be announced at an 
early date. The enterprising city of Raleigh 
will do all in its fpower to make this gather- 
ing of the farmers of the nation a success. 
Several side trips are being planned. The 
city of Raleigh is beautifully situated at the 
meeting of two kinds of soil conditions, the 
oak and the pine, the clay and the sand. 
It is therefore an initeresting section agri- 
culturally. It is located amid attractive 
parks, public buildings and residences. A 
conspicuous feature of the development of 
the city of Raleigb, as well as of the state of 
North Carolina generally, Is along the line 
of its manufactures in cotton, furniture, 
etc. The city is noted as quite an edu- 
cational center and has many public 
and private schools, denominational institu- 
tions and the iState Agricultural College. 

Any desired Information can be obtained 
from George M. Whittaker 1404 iHarvard St., 
N. W., Wiashlngton. D. C, who Is the secre- 
tary of the Congress and will gladly give 
any desired data that he can. 



Fourth Annual State Fair of Louisiana 
at Shreveport 

The Louisiana Planter acknowledges the 
receipt of an Invitation from the manage- 
ment to attend the lioulslana State Fair to 
be held at Shreveport November 1st to 6th. 
The good jpeople of Shreveport are making 
most earnest efforts to make this fair sur- 
pass anything that ever has preceded it in 
this state and we have no doubt but that it 
will be a pronounced success. The press of 
the state of Louisiana is generally invited to 
attend and should do all that can be done 
to promote this state fair organization. Our 
state has been singularly deficient in state 
fair work and now that our friends in North 
Louisiana are doing the best they can to 
show off the advantages of our state, they 
should have the hearty cooperation of every- 
one interested. 



Isla De Luzon, et cetera. 

While we bere are contemplating the dis- 
appointment of our local soldier sailors who 
undertook a voyage from 'New Orleans to 
Havana on the S. S. Isla de Luzon and were 



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comtpelled by stress of weather, defective 
anachinery and a doubtful welcome In Ha- 
vana for this ex-Spanish war vessel, to re- 
turn somewhat summarily, we learn from 
the Manila Daily Bulletin of May 8th. that 
the Isia de Pahay, presumably a sister ship, 
arrived at Manila on May 7, from Liver- 
pool, Barcelona and intervening ports with 
a mixed cargo of cotton prints, paints, oil, 
turpentine, 1500 cases of iScotch whiskey, 
700 cases of gin, a lot of white lead, spices, 
t>eer, tinned fish, preserves, 700 cases of 
Italian milk and 200 boxes of candy. These 
imports from Liverpool and (Spain show the 
trend of the Philippine trade and show how 
diflElcuIt it is in (Manila, as it is in Cuba, to 
divert the trade to the United States. It 
will doubtless grow gradually without the 
forcing process of free trade with the United 
States in sugar and with England and Spain 
for most -of their imports. 



Character in Trade. 

New York. July 1. 1909. 
Editor Louisiana Planter: 

In a recent issue of your journal we noticed 
an article regiirding old sugar brokerage firms 
of New York City. The article in one or two 
respects was quite incorrect, and you men- 
tioned our firm as one of the old houses, but 
your article was worded in such a way as to 
give the impression that we were out of busi- 
ness. We would thank you very much to cor- 
rect this, as we are still actively engaged in 
the raw sugar brokerage business, located at 97 
Wall street, where we have been for many 
years. Our Mr. B. F. Bowerman, who has 
been on the street some sixty years, is still an 
active member of the firm. 

You will also find that we are subscribers to 
your paper. 

Very truly yours, 

BOWEBMAN BbOTOEKS. 

Our readers will recall the fact that in our 
Issue of May 22„ under the caption of 
^*Character In Trad€*\ we referred to the 
then recent death of (Mr. Caesar Czarnikow, 
the great sugar broker of London, whose 
name was well known throughout the entire 
sugar world and who had secured his posi- 
tion by ihis integrity, industry and ability. 
We stated then that this recalled memories 
of old sugar brokers in New York and re- 
ferred to some of the firms that were in 
t>usine88 at the outbreak of the civil war and 
among these we included our old time 
friends the Bowerman Bros., as -will be seen 
In the text of our article of May 22. We 
were not aware at that time that the Bow- 
erman Bros, were still in business and in the 
popular location, 99 Wall Street, so long oc- 
cupied by Messrs. Pond and Sage. That 
many years have flown since that time is 
evidenced Iby the fact given above that Mr. 
Bowerman has been in Wall Street for some 
sixty years and is still an active member of 
the firm. We regret that we did not know 
these facts at the time of our writing and 
6re very glad indeed to learn of the continu- 
ation of this firm under the same title dur- 
ing all these years. We knew of its high 



character back in the sixties and have no 
doubt that it has been maintained during 
all the years since. — 'Editor Louisiana 
Planteb. 



Cane Susrar and Its Manufacture, by 
H. C. Prinsen Oeerligs. 

n. C. Prinsen Geerlings needs no introduc- 
tion to the sugar world. An accomplished 
chemist "in the beginning, a lucid writer in 
English as well as in Dutch, his native tongue, 
his service as director of the West Java Sugar 
Experiment Station during seventeen years 
have made him one of the best known and 
most popular sugar authorities in the world. 
Mr. Geerligs' special books and pamphlets in 
connection with the technical work of the sugar 
industry have become handbooks in many sugar 
houses. 

The withdrawal of Mr. Geerligs from Java 
and his location in Amsterdam as a general 
representative of the Java sugar interests that 
he has served so long and so well, could now 
have hardly any uetter expression than the 
present comprehensive work under the title ot 
''Cane Sugar ana Its Manufacture" which has 
just been published by Norman Rodger, Altrin- 
cham, Manchester, England. Mr. Geerligs does 
not claim for this work any exhaustive dis- 
cussion of sugar machinery and its technical 
control. He believes that this subject is al- 
ready suflFiciently dealt with in Noel Deerr's 
work on sugar and the sugar cane. Mr. 
Geerligs has endeavored to incorporate in the 
present work everything that is known about 
the chemistry and technology of the sugar cane 
and of cane sugar manufacture. The book 
is a large octavo, of about 400 pages, well 
printed on good paper, with a full table of 
contents and a carefully collated index. In a 
preface Mr. Geerligs refers to the 
nomenclature that he uses and has taken from 
Fischer. The terms dextrose and levulose are 
becoming obsolete in scientific literature and 
perhaps as confusing as our old terms of 
j*accharine, saccharose and now sucrose. Terms 
of this kind are used in this book as follows: 
Sugary to indicate the commercial product; 
sucroscj the chemical body, the principal con- 
stituent of the commercial product ; glucose^ the 
chemical product, also called dextrose ; fructose, 
the chemical body, also called levulose; invert 
sugar^ the mixture of exactly equal proportions 
of glucose and fructose ; reducing sugar y mix- 
tures of uneven proportions of glucose and 
fructose. 

The first part of the book is a discussion of 
the raw material, in which Chapter One is de- 
voted to the constituents of the sugar cane, 
which involve the nomenclature hereinabove 
given, as well as many other elementary con- 
stituents of sugar cane, concerning which a 
great deal of data has been secured in the last 
twenty years. Dr. Evans, in his well known 
"Sugar Planters' Manual" published in Eng- 
land in 1847, devoted some 37 pages of his 
book to a very similar discussion. Dr. Evans 
was wonderfully accurate, considering the 
status of chemical technology in his day, and 
now Mr. Geerligs goes over the whole ground 
with the advantage of sixty years' additional 
experience and research, including his own and 
others since Dr. Evans, and including all the 
progress that modern chemistry has brought 
into the industrial world. 



In that mysterious element of the sugar 
cane, nitrogen, it is interesting to note that 
Mr. Geerligs quotes Dr. C. A. Browne and 
Prof. Blouin, of our own Audubon Engar Ex- 
periment Station, in their analysis of the va- 
rious nitrogenous bodies of sugar cane. It was 
interesting further to note that in the reported 
analysis of sugar cane the ash averages two- 
thirds of one per cent. In other words, a 
short ton of cane takes from the soil over 13 
pounds of mineral matter. Of this it is some 
satisfaction to know that over seven pounds 
is silica, of which we have an indefinite sup- 
ply, and another notable fact is that ev^ry ton 
takes from the ground about two pounds of 
phosphoric acid. In our Louisiana alluvial 
soils we are presumed to have an adequate sup- 
ply of potash, but may need phosphoric acid 
and certainly if our soils be in condition to 
make the silica of sand available for the 
structure or skeleton of the sugar cane, a 
proper rotation of crops will product this re- 
sult. Referring further to Louisiana canes, 
Mr. Geerligs says that of 100 parts of ash 
38 are potash, 16 sfilica and 18 sulphuric acid, 
quoting Dr. Browne and Prof. Blouin as his 
authorities. 

The second part of Mr. Geerligs' book, com- 
prising about 250 pages, is devoted to sugar 
manufacture, which he discusses in Chapter 
One under the sub-divisions of Extraction of 
Juice, whether by mills or diffusion, Lixiviation 
or Saturation of the Bagasse, the Composition 
of the Juice and the Composition and Value 
of the Bagasse as Fuel. The next chapter is 
devoted to clarification, including the treat- 
ment of raw juice and clarified juice and the 
scums, with the influence of defecation on the 
constituents of the juice, all of this coming 
under the sub-head of Defecation. Under the 
head of Carbonitation we have the separation 
of the juice, the influence of carbonitation on 
the constituents of cane juice and the advan- 
tages of single and double carbonitation. He 
proceeds then to lime as a clarifying agent and 
lime cream and also other clarifying and de- 
colorizing agents, such as acids and sulphur 
and other allies, phosphoric acids, acid phos- 
phates, alkalis and alkaline earths, and he in- 
cludes electrolytic methods, which latter have 
been attracting more or less attention for half 
a century, but thus far, so far as we know, 
without any industrial success. Mr. Geerligs 
gives some of his own experimentation along 
these lines and also an account of the reac- 
tions secured by the various methods thus 
far adopted. 

Filtration, presumably the direct road to im- 
provement in sugar manufacture and yet one 
of the most difficult when cane juice is to be 
dealt with, has a special section. The old- 
fashioned bag filter, filtering from within out- 
ward, Mr. Geerligs says, is giving way before 
the more modern methods of filtering from 
the outside inward, as in the Daneck and 
Philippe filters. Mr. Geerligs says that while 
much may be done in filtration in keeping 
the juice hot and maintaining a good pres- 
sure, juice filtrations have been discarded in 
most factories and manufacturers prefer to 
evaporate their subsided juice unfiltered. 

Mr. Geerligs goes on with a chapter devoted 
to the concentration of juice into syrup, its 
clarification as syrup and its boiling into sugar. 
^Another chapter treats of curing of the first su- 
gars, treatment of the low grade product and 



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r; j THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xliii, No. 2 



the composition of commercial cane sugars 
with their preservation during storage or trans- 
portation. The final chapter includes the defi- 
nition and formation of molasses and loss of 
sucrose in molasses and the utilization of mo- 
lases by reboiling it for the recovery of sugar, 
its use as a food stuff, its use as fuel, its use as 
raw material for rum and its use as a fer- 
tilizer. 

Those who are now using Mr. Geerligs* small- 
er handbooks will be quick to appreciate this 
book on Cane Sugar and Its Manufacture, 
which is written from Mr. Geerligs' chemical 
engineering i>oint of view and is up to date in 
every respect. Every sugar chemist, sugar 
engineer and sugar house superintendent will 
find his library incomplete without this latest 
work on his favorite industry. 

In our issue of May 1, under the caption of 
Literary Notes, we published Dr. C. A. 
Browne's review of this ^ame book as one 
of three volumes just then published in Am- 
sterdam in the Dutch language. The present 
English translation of Mr. Geerligs' volume 
makes it accessible to all the English-speaking 
world. 



The Rust Problem. 

How to prevent or lessen the losses due to 
rusting of iron and steel is an important prob- 
lem and one which is receiving more and more 
attention. This problem has become of far 
greater importance in recent years for two 
reasons: (1) The greatly increased use of 
these materials; (2> the fact that the iron 
and steel made to-day are much more serious- 
ly injured by rust than those made by earlier 
and slower processes. 

The rust problem is being attacked by a great 
many investigators to-day and both manufac- 
turers and users of iron and steel are watching 
the results with keen interest. . 

The great interest which farmers and road 
builders have in this problem has led the Uni- 
ted States Department of Agriculture to take it 
up. Several publications of more or less 
technical character have already been issued. 
The latest of these, a bulletin on "The Preser- 
vation of Iron and Steel," by Allerton S. Cush- 
man, describes some very interesting experi- 
ments. For one experiment, a steel manufac- 
turer made a number of samples of wire, using 
different processes and greater or less quan- 
tities of the different impurities usually found 
in the iron and steel, and these samples were 
given different protective coatings. Sections of 
wire fence were tiien made of these wires, and 
these have been erected on the grounds of the 
Carnegie Technical Schools at Pittsburg. The 
object is to determine which method of manu- 
facturing and coating wire will best resist cor- 
rosion in actual use. 

Another line of experiment work involves the 
use of paints. As a practical test a large num- 
ber of pieces of sheet steel have been covered 
with different paints, and these have been set 
up along the seashore at Atlantic City. 

These experiments have only been under way 
a short time and it is too soon to expect any 
definite results. 

Dr. Cushman holds that corrosion of iron and 
steel results largely from electrolysis, a theory 
that appears to be making great headway to- 
ward general acceptance. 

The protection of iron and steel from de- 
struction by rust is one of the great conserva- 
tion problems to which the present age is just 
awakening. If it can be solved, a great waste 
of our mineral resources can be stopi>ed. The 
production and use of rust-resistant steel and 
iron will pay h^ the long run even if it in- 
volves an increase in cost of manufacture. 

Washington, D. C. May 26, 1909. 



LOCAL LETTERS. 



Ascension. 

(special corrbspokdexcb.) 
Editor LouiHana Planter: 

The glorious Fourth was characterized by 
the hottest weather of the season-, the ther- 
mometer having registered 99 degrees in the 
shade practically throughout the entire day. 
For the first time in several days, also, no 
rain flell, and the absence of the cooling 
breezes which these occasional precipitations 
bring was a potent factor in making the day 
one of the sultriest and most unpleasant with 
which we have been inflicted this year. 

The weather continues to be all that could 
be desired from the standpoint of the sugar, 
cotton and rice planters, and these three lead- 
ing crops are making splendid progress under 
the influenoe of the unusually favorable at- 
mospheric conditions. 

A meeting of the committee on organiza- 
tion of the proposed New River drainage dis- 
trict was held at Gonzales last Sunday after- 
noon, when permanent organization was ef- 
fected by the election of the following offi- 
cers: Colonel C. D. Gondran, chairman; Leon 
Picard, vice chairman; Assessor A. A. Kling, 
secretary; John Nargassans, treasurer. The 
sum of $500 was collected for the purpose of 
beginning the work, the preliminary plans 
calling for a survey of the district and an es- 
timate of the amount of work necessary to 
bring the project to completion. About $1,000 
is needed for this purpose, and it is expected 
that the additional amount will be raised at 
an early date. As soon as the district has been 
outlined and the preliminary survey made, a 
petition will be presented to the police jury 
asking that body to call a special election to be 
held in the portions of the various wards af- 
fected, for the purpose of taking the sense of 
the property owners relative to the issuance 
of bonds for drainage purposes and the levy- 
ing of a special tax to meet the interest on 
these securities. The project comprises the 
drainage of many acres of land in the 
Sixth, Seventh and Eighth wards by the 
dredging of the stream of New River from 
its source for a distance of nineteen miles. 
The waterway will be enlarged to a width of 
60 feet and deepened to 10 feet, so that in 
addition to its function of carrying off the sur- 
plus water of the territory traversed it will 
be in shape to afford navigation to light draft 
vessels and barges. 

James K. Tucker, the efficient manager of 
the Miles Company's Armant and St. James 
plantations, in St. James parish, has pur- 
chased a handsome Ford touring car. Lewis 
E. Murrell, of Glenmore plantation, St. James 
parish, has recently become the owner of a 
speedy 30-horse power Mitchell machine. 

James Maurin, who for the imst three years 
has been holding down the resi)onsible posi- 
tion of chief sugar boiler of a large factory 
in Mexico, returned last week to his home in 
Donaldsonville. 

Major Charles Maurin, of Donaldsonville, 
visited Baton Rouge during the week and 
called upon Thos. D. Boyd, Jr., with a view to 
perfecting arrangements whereby Mr. Maurin's 
young son, Charles, Jr., will accompany Mr. 
Boyd to Mexico this year and serve under him 
in the extensive sugar factory of which Mr. 
Boyd is chemist and superintendent. 



Your correspondent was presented with a 
peculiar freak of nature gro;vn on the farm 
of A. J. Yard, a well known cotion planter of 
the Eighth ward, of the parish. It consists of 
an e^r of corn around which are clustered 
nine smaller or subsidiary ears in a perfect 
stage of development. When Mr. Yard suc- 
ceeds in making ten ears grow where only 
one grew before either he is a farmer par 
excellence or else the soil of Ascension parish 
is the most fertile and productive to be found 
anywhere. 

Ascension. 



Iberville. 

(SPECIAL COBBESPONDBNCE.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

Among the many interesting visitors to Tbei- 
ville's capital during the week was Mr. G. W. 
McFall, formerly manager of the large St. 
Louis plantation of the Edward J. Gay Plant- 
ing and Manufacturing Company, Limited, of 
this parish, and now^ manager of the Ohio- 
Texas Sugar Company, at their large estate 
near Brownsville, Texas. He said that he had 
finished laying by his crop before he left for 
Louisiana, and th-^.t the outlook for a large 
crop was ?ood. In speaking of the soil and 
comparing it to the real article in Louisiana* 
be states that it was necessary to irrigate at 
all times and that in irrigating they had two 
great difficulties to contend with, one that 
the Rio Grande river went dry at times, but 
the greatest difficulty was in the fact that the 
water, and the only water which they can get 
for irrigating purposes, is full of alkali and 
that the greatest care had to be used In ditch- 
ing and the taking off of any slack water, owing 
to the deposits of alkali, the water containing 
sufficient of this to kill the land, in a very few 
years, and that the handling of this Rio Grande 
water has become a science with them. Cane, 
he says, is planted every four years, the stalks 
growing very tall,' usually eight and nine feet, 
and some reaching twelve feet, all red joints. 
He has 1,000 acres in cane this year, the com- 
pany doubling its capacity and acreage every 
year, xue company has a splendid up-to-date 
sugar house, having two large mills, with a 
capacity at present of GOO tons, which will be 
increased to 800, with a crusher. He finds the 
cane with considerable more sucrose per ton 
and the tonnage is a great deal heavier, due 
more to the length of the cane. He likes the 
country and says for truck farming it is the 
place. The. great difficulty is that the farms 
are too far away from large cities and the 
freight into northern markets is rather stiff. 
He finds the crops in Louisiana in an excellent 
condition. Mr. McFall left on Monday. 

Mr. C. O. Whaley was a visitor to Plaque- 
mine on Monday last He is the owner of the 
Mulberry Grove plantation, in the rear of 
White Castle. He states that the crops through 
his section are fine, pretty much all laid by and 
in good condition. Back his way he says that 
they are having a little too much rain. 

Rain is beginning to cause some uneasiness 
with the planters, as the com and peas are not 
getting the proper chance to grow and mature. 
Rather numerous rains have fallen since last 
week and a little dry spell of several weeks 
would help some at this time. 

Among the deaths chronicled this week is 
that of Mrs. Parthena Anne Vinson, the widow 
of the late William Garret, who died at the 



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21 



home of her son, Mr. C. W. Garret, on the 
Homefltead plantation, near Plaquemine, at the 
age of ninety . Among the children left is Mr. 
0. W. Garret, the manager of the Homestead 
plantation. She was buried in Plaquemine 
on Wednesday afternoon. 

The sad news of the drowning of James Mar- 
tinez, at White Castle, late Wednesday after- 
non has cast a gloom over the entire communi- 
ty. Coming so closely on the tragic death of 
bis father, Oliver Martinez, who was scalded 
to death at the Belle Grove sugar house some 
six weeks ago, makes it doubly sad. Mr. Mar- 
tinez was the T. and P. operator at White 
Castle and was the lone support of his wid- 
owed mother and two sisters. He had just 
reached the age of twenty-one. Up to this time 
his body had not been found. 

Ibebyille. 



Assumption. 

(SPECIAL COHRBSPONDENCE.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

Though the rains have not stopped, still the 
precipitation of the last four or five days has 
not been general, and a great number of planta- 
tions have been skipped, and considerable work 
has been cjone. The planters are laying by 
the crop as fast as they possibly can, and with 
about four or five days of work the fields 
can be cleaned and the crops laid by in good 
shape. There is one good thing about the 
present crop, and it is this: Before the rains 
the crops were thoroughly worked, and very 
little grass was left in the fields. The tempera- 
ture remains very high and last Saturday and 
Sunday we experienced the hottest weather of 
the year. 

We had one of the most violent electric 
storms in many days last Friday night. L. F. 
Himel, formerly a resident of this parish, but 
for the past few years a planter in Ascension 
parish, was killed by a lightning bolt. His 
remains were taken to this parish and services 
were held Saturday from St. Philomena Cath- 
olic Church, Labadieville. 

What is reported as one of the best showings 
made in the parish is a stalk of cane from 
Bavenswood plantation, which measured 26 
inches of red joints. The stalk was taken from 
the field at. large last Thursday by Mr. Jos. 
Beid, the capable overseer of Bavenswood. Dr. 
W. E. Kittredge, who is the proprietor of this 
plantation, informed your correspondent that 
on account of the favorable weather conditions 
enjoyed on Bavenswood the crop is exception- 
ally good for this season of the year. 

A party of Assumption people who are iden- 
tified with the sugar planting business left this 
week for an extended trip with the New Or- 
leans Elks for Ltos Angelos, Cal. The party 
is composed of the following: Mr. and Mrs. 
Jos. U. Folse, Mr. and Mrs. Ohas. Dugas, Mrs. 
Felix Dugas, Mr. Theodore J. Delaune and 
Messrs. Aubert and Aldwin Talbot. 

The bridge . across the Cancienne canal, op- 
posite the public road, which had been removed 
for more than three weeks to allow the dredge 
boats to pass, was rebuilt the latter part of 
the week. 

A Canal planter reports the crops in the 
Canal section mostly laid by and in excellent . 
condition. Assumption. 



Lafourche. 

With the exception of very high winds here 
Sunday, Sunday night and Monday, the 
weather has been just about as favorable as 
could be asked. Enough rain and sunshine 
to keep the crops growing and not too much 
to interfere with proper cultivation, although 
thxj work of laying by the cane crop is nearly 
finished. The cane is not quite so far ad- 
vanced as it usually is at this time of the 
year, but the rapid growth from now on will 
soon bring it up to the proper size for the 
season. During a drive as far as Cut Off last 
Sunday, we noticed an appreciable difference 
in the size of the cane the lower we went on 
the bayou, the stalks being much larger below 
than in the neighborhood of Lockport. This 
can be accounted for from the fact that the 
land around Cut Off is comparatively new, 
especially as to the cultivation of sugar cane. 
Many of the planters who have been raising 
onions and potatoes are planting sugar cane 
this year, so that several hundred acres will 
be added to this season*s crop. 

The com crop is now practically made and 
is the best for several years, as the rains were 
well distributed this year. 

The Lockport Central Sugar Befining Com- 
pany, Limited, has taken possession of McLeod, 
but as yet have not decided upon a manager. 
There will need to be some improvement made 
in the refinery this year, but next year will 
witness an entire remodelling of the plant, as 
it will be necessary to almost double the ca- 
pacity of the plant to handle the crop con- 
trolled by the present owners.. — Democrat^ 
July 3. 



Lafourche. 

(SPECIAL COBBBSPOKDBKCE.) 

Editor Tjouiaiana Planter: 

The weather during the past week has, upon 
the whole, been favorable to the sugar crop 
on Bayou Lafourche. Several showers of rain 
have fallen during that time, but, with the 
exception of a heavy rain on July 2, covering 
a stretch of five miles along the bayou below 
Lockport, the showers have not been sufficient 
to interfere materially with the laying by of 
the crop, most of which is finished, although 
some of the planters will take advantage of 
the good weather and go over a part of their 
fields again. 

The Lockport Central, which lately pur- 
chased and took possession of the splendid Mc- 
Leod property, adjoining Lockport, is busy put- 
ting in improvements that will increase the 
capacity of their plant to from twelve to four- 
teen hundred tons a day. This they claim 
can be done at a comparatively small cost. 
This year will not witness the final improve- 
ments, however, as they will still further in- 
crease their capacity for 1910, as they will 
have to handle a still larger tonnage from 
that time on. 

There is a considerable increase in the 
acreage of sugar cane on Bayou Lafourche this 
year and there will be a considerable increase 
again next year, as many of the small planters 
who have been raising x>otatoes and onions 
have decided that sugar cane is a more de- 
pendable crop. Many of the large tracts of 
prairie land adjoining cape lands along La- 
fourche are being planted to cane as rapidly 
as they can be gotten ready. 



Mrs. J. Foret & Sons, owners of the fine 
Ludivine plantation, have lately purchased be- 
tween foUr and five thousand acres of prairie 
land back of Ludivine and Choctaw, which 
they will reclaim and put in cultivation as fast 
as possible. When this is done they will have 
one of the most valuable properties on Lower 
Lafourche. Mr. E. F. Dickinson, the able 
manager of Georgia plantation, has lately pur- 
chased a 200 arpent tract of land from Wm. 
and Ernest Foret, which is situated a short 
distance above Ludivine plantation. 

The Lower Lafourche Planting and Manu- 
facturing Company is building a number of 
new barges this year to enable them to handle 
the crop with greater ease. They will have 
to grind more canes this year, as most of the 
increaes in acreage is in their territory. They 
expect to grind between 80,000 and 90,000 
tons. 

The former owners of McLeod plantation 
have transferred most of their interests to the 
upper part of the parish, where they have 
lately increased their already extensive hold- 
ings and will spend about $90,000 in improv- 
ing their large factory on Leighton planta- 
tion to enable them to handle the new canes 
that they are raising this year. 

St. Mary 

(SPECIAL C0BBB8P0NDEKCB.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

The weather is behaving outrageously from 
the planter's point of view. Barely a day 
passes without one or two showers. No great 
quantity of water falls at a time, except last 
Saturday, when there was a flood. The trouble 
seems to be the way the grass is made to 
grow. A trip up as far as Adeline revealed a 
pretty bad state of affairs, as far as grass 
was concerned. However, it is only in the 
middles, where grass is the worst, and a few 
days of dry weather, if it will ever come, will 
permit of it being knocked out with plows 
and cultivators. Two or three days of last 
week allowed of that kind of work being done, 
and considerable of the crop was gone over 
by many. The rains are, however, somewhat 
partial, and it was not everywhere that this 
could be done. I heard of a crop a few days 
since on a very large place where hardly half 
of a crop of cane could be ■ expected, which 
seemed strange in a year like the present, when 
we have been jubilant with the belief that 
the promise was universally good. There are 
some splenu..- crops of cane in the parish. 

Mr. Walter Suthon, of Terrebonne, was a 
visitor last week, lookine over his garden spot 
of a plantation, Woodbum, where he says there 
l5 a fine crop. He claims, however, that we 
arc not in it with his parish, where he claims 
the cane crop is far ahead of ours. 

Mr. Williams, of the Lower Terrebonne Be- 
finery, was also a visitor, using up his vaca- 
tion looking after the interests of the Panama 
Tank Company. He also tells some pretty 
strong yarns about the splendors of Terre- 
bonne. 

Mr. Mallon was around among his friends 
during last week, who all were glad to meet 
him and enjoy a chat over his late inven- 
tions. 

Our friend Jack Bell has the innings on 
the brick masons now, and has most of them 
rushing things at tue Yokeley sugar house, 
where he is putting in some new boilers 



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[Vol. xlldi, No. 2 



They made a somewhat phenomenal record 
there with fuel consumption last season and 
this year we suppose they wish to cap the 
climax. C. 



Iberia. 

CBPBCIAL COBKKSPONDRNCII.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

The week passdng has been a favorable one 
for all interests. Hot, moist weather has pro- 
duced ideal growing conditions and the crops 
have made h very x^'onounced advance. The 
cane crop is almost finished, but a small pro- 
portion yet remains without its final cultiva- 
tion. The weather has been hard on the 
mules and men, but by working v6ry early and 
taking the 'latter part of the day the intense 
heat of the middle? of the day has been avoided. 
The mercury has rans'ed up into the nineties 
and has been almost unbearable; still nb pros- 
trations from heat have occurred and **sun- 
strokes" are unknown. Never has Iberia had 
a finer prospect agriculturally than this year. 
Crops of all kinds (excepting cotton) are the 
best ever. Sugar cane is fine color and stand 
and is making joints rapidly. With a con- 
tinuance of this heat and frequent rains the 
rest of this month will find the cane far ahead 
of last year. Both plant and stubble vie with 
each other in making growth. It is thought 
the tonnage of the parish will exceed any of 
former years, but much of it will be kept for 
5eed or sold as seed, for there is a decided revo- 
lution canewards, and the acreage next year 
will be phenomenal. The rice crop is fast 
approaching maturity; the golden hue of the 
grain is seen on every hand and soon the 
reapers will be at work. A glance at the wav- 
ing grain to-day is a beautiful sight and in- 
spires confidence and aope in the hearts of our 
farmers, who are waiting for their reward. 
It is thougnt that cutting of rice will be pretty 
general by the 20th of this month. The corn 
crop is the pride and glory of the parish. 
Never before have such splendid crops of this 
great cereal been seen in Iberia. Already the 
new crop is being used as feed, the very early 
planted being hard enough for the puri)ose. 
There have been four or five plantings at dif- 
ferent periods, all of which will make a crop, 
which is now in various stages of maturity. 
There will be corn shipped out of this parish 
this year and much will be put into hogs, stock 
and poultry. The cotton crop is very reduced 
in acreage and has had a precarious existence. 
Boll weevil and other enemies have almost dis- 
gusted the farmer and hereafter it will figure 
very little in the crops of the parish. The 
subject of truck gardening is being much talked 
of. A general meeting of farmers is called 
for Thursday to organize a Truck Growers' As- 
sociation, which may yet be quite a factor in 
our agricultural affairs. Ine charbon cases 
reported some time ago seem to have recovered, 
and the precautionary measures taken by vac- 
cination seems to have been effective, as no 
more cases are reported. 

Word has come here that the construction 
gang of the New Iberia, I^oreauville and North- 
em Railroad will be here Friday next with 
full complement of tools and teams, and work 
will commence at once on this end of the line 
leading to Port Barre. La. It is claimed this 
route will give connection with St. Louis in 
twenty-six hours. Node. 



St. Charles. 

(8F1CIAL COBBBSPONDBNCB.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

The prevailing temperatures for the past 
week were of a very high order; some of tlie 
days were nearly record breakers. The heat 
is so intense and so regular that a schedule 
of shorter hours was forced to be adopted by 
the planters; with this heat, however, we are 
fortunate enough to enjoy more or less of a 
southern breeze in the early mornings and late 
afternoons; the rains had were light ones and 
nearly all falling in the upper portion of the 
parish; the central and lower portions were 
pi-actically without rain during the week. 

The following is the number of acres under 
cultivation on the Waterford: First year, 
stubbles 450 acres; second year, stubbles 22; 
plant cane 450, com 360; all of the cane is 
nearly perfect in stand and in looks, with the 
exception of about 5 per cent, which portion 
is ngt necessarily very bad or poor, but does not 
come up to the general stand found in the rest 
of the crop; the corn, with the exception of 
some 20 per cent, is unusually good, both as 
to stand and quality ; all of the cane is laid by 
except 60 acres of plant, which is a little too 
small to stop cultivating at present; this will 
be given another round of work should it rain, 
and that not too late. The cane is a little 
smaller than it was last year at this time. 
However, the general stand of the plant, 
stubbles and corn is much better than it has 
been for the past three years. The stock of the 
place is in fine condition and practically no 
sickness whatever has yet made an appearance. 
In the sugar house only general repair and over- 
hauling will be done; the biggest job on hand 
will be tlw moving of the brush pans from their 
present location to the opposite side of the 
house. The drying of third sugars was finished 
some time ago and the results obtained were 
perfectlv satisfactory. 

As a result of the many mad dog bites ex- 
perienced recently in the parish, the police jury 
is at work looking up the state law and will 
enforce an ordinance to the effect that all dogs 
not licensed and wearing tags will be killed 
wherever found at large. 

Mr. J. B. Caire, manager of the Speranza 
store, made his first trip to New Orleans since 
his recent accident Wednesday. Mr. Caire 
went down mainly to have his mouth worked 
on, as it is very probable that some small 
bones were either fractured or broken when his 
teeth were knocked out. 

Mr. J. B. Murphy, of the Waterford, went 
to New Orleans Tuesday. 

It is yet undecided whether Colonel Sellers 
will rebuild his mill, which recently burned 
down, or sell his cane to some other place. 

Fbeshie. 



Avoyelles. 

(SPECIAL CORRBSPoKDENCB.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

The wave of hot, humid w^eather prevailing 
during the greater part of June and so far 
this month has been hard and trying on man 
and beast. xSot only the days, but the niehts, 
are hot and afford only a short rest and sleep 
from midnight to the break of day. In the 
meantime the planters have managed to work 
between the showers, which fall almost every 
day ; to plow, cut and otherwise kill out the 
grass growing in their cane fields and turning 



rows. The rainfall. has not been excessive in 
the Red River cane belt. However, it has been 
sufficient to supply the cane crops with mois- 
ture fully up to the wants of the planten for 
building up a steady growth in the young and 
promising canes. 

The cane crops growing in field after field 
on the line of the Avoyelles railroad from 
Bunkie to Evergreen, Cotton Port, Marksville, 
Simmsport; thence down the Atchafalaya river 
to Melville, are from all accounts very 
promising. It is well to bear in mind that a 
large per cent of the territory here mentioned 
is practically new to the cane industry, especl* 
ally so from Simmsport along the Atchafalaya 
river to Melville. The boll weevil forced the 
planters to make a move last fall and change 
their system of planting to cane, which will be 
increased next season. The lands herein men- 
tioned are fertile and well adapted to cane and 
corn culture, also cowpeas and forage crops, 
trucking, fruit and vegetables. The day i» 
not remote when the cane raisers of Bayoa 
de Glazes and the Atchafalaya will be offering 
inducements for the erection of a big sugar 
factor>' conveniently situated at some point 
on the line of the Avoyelles Railroad, to take 
and ork their cane into sugars. The com 
crops growing in the cane belt of the Red 
river valley are in every sense of the word 
promising; 

The local showers, with an occasional down- 
pour of rain, have been the making of the 
late planted corn. Much of the com planted 
on or about the first of June is now ready 
to lay by. The growth is simply phenomenal 
and at the same time promising a heavy yield 
of grain. 

Up to the present the Planter's correspon- 
dent has learned of no contracts being entered 
into by the farmers and planters of this section 
to sell and deliver corn this fall at any given 
price. Those w'ho are so situated and can 
afford to do so will no doubt put as much 
of their surplus corn into swine and beef as 
possible, rather than rush the grain on the 
market at a price less than it would fetch 
when put into pork and beef. 

The present spell of damp, showery weather 
is favorable to the boll weevil, which never fails 
to take advantage of the situation to do all 
the damage possible to the cotton plants when 
the opportunity offers. 

The showery weather now prevailing is not 
favorable for mowing and curing alfalfa and 
other haying crops. Closing this morning, the 
7th, the weather indications are slightly more 
favorable for clearing weather. Erin. 



Trade Notes. 



ClariphoB and hydropura sugar manufac- 
turers drying out their low grade products 
should bear in mind that clariphos will pro- 
duce most excellent results in both the mo- 
lasses and on the sugar itself. We are in- 
formed by Agent C. Robert Churchill that 
the demand for hydropura still continues to 
grow, its use for removing of scale in effects 
being most remarkable when permitted to re- 
main in soak during the summer months. 

It is claimed by th-e makers that it will re- 
move boiler scale when all else fails. 



lion. Walter O'Neill and Mrs. 0*Neill, of 
St. Mary parish, were in the city recently. 
They stopped «t the Cosmopolitan hotel. 



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23 



PORBHIN LBTTBRS. 



Jamaica. 

(SriBCIAL COISBSPOKDSNCB.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

Kingston, Jamaica, June 29, 1909. 

Heavy showers of rain have fallen over the 
island, doing inunense good to the sugar estates, 
all managers of which were beginning to cry 
out about the drought. The showers were also 
acceptable in other parts of the island, where 
people were being put on a shortened water 
supply. 

Some months ago I sent you the outline of 
a scheme that had been formulated in England 
for the establishment in Jamaica of a series of 
central sugar factories and rubber plantations. 
I am now able to inform you that the plans 
have take^ definite shape and that the com- 
pany is now in the course of formation. The 
concern will be known as the "Jamaica Els- 
tates and Rubber Plantations, Ltd.," and is to 
have a capiUl of $1,500,000, divided into 299,- 
900 preferred shares of $5 each, and 2,000 
deferred shares at 25 cents each. 

The company has been formed primarily to 
acquire the options to purchase fourteen valu- 
able freehold estates, having an area of 29,- 
971 acres, and to develop the cultivation there- 
on of sugar, rum and other products. About 
2,071 acres are at present under sugar cane 
for the 1909-10 crop, and are for the most part 
owned by factories where the sugar and rum 
are produced under old fashioned, and there- 
fore expensive, methods, and a further 4,287 
acres or thereabouts are available for the ex- 
tension of sugar cane cultivation. It is pro- 
I>08ed to modernize and improve the estates, to 
erect new factories, with up-to-date machinery 
and equipment where necessary, and thereby 
increase the output and at the same time re- 
duce the cost of realizing the products, for 
which there is ready export and local de- 
mand. 

No. 1 factory will be erected on a site in 
St. James, which will deal with the cane 
grown on the Success, Cinamon Hill, Rose 
Hall, Running Gap and Spring estates, a to- 
tal of 1,070 acres avai'able for cane cultiva- 
tion. 

No. 2 factory, in Hanover, will serve the 
Spring Valley, Haughton Towers and Prospect 
estates, a total area of 1,000 acres available 
for cane cultivation. 

No. 3 factory, to be erected on the Meyers- 
field estate, in Westmoreland, will serve for 
the cane produced on that estate and on the 
adjoining property of Egypt. Total acreage 
available for cane cultivation is 1,088 acres. 

No. 4 factory will deal with the product of 
Elim estate, of 1,000 acres. 

No. 5 factory will be situated on the Albion 
estate, one of the finest properties on the 
island, with 1,200 acres available for cane cul- 
tivation. 

No. 6 factory will be erected to deal with 
the cane from the Holland and Lacoria estat<!s, 
with a total area capable of cane cultivation 
of 1,000 acres. 

Pure Jamaica, Ltd., the English company 
which controls the greater portion of the out- 
put of rum from Jamaica, will agree for a 
period of eight years to purchase the whole 
of the rum manufactured from all estates ac- 
quired by the company at prices ranging from 
49 cents to 54 cents per gallon. 



In ' consequence of the report of Mr. Micks, 
Mr. J. y. Calder has raised the question as 
to whether the $5,000 spent by D. Cousins, 
head of the department of agriculture, in ex- 
perimenting in Jamaica rum, was not a waste. 
D. C. Plummeb. 



Barbados. 

BY JOS. H. WEATHERHEAD. 

The island has been favored for the previous 
fortnight with showers of rain, which have 
considerably helped the young canes and the 
other crops. But the unanimous opinion of 
the planters is that the crops require a rain 
of several inches to invigorate them after the 
long drought we have had. I am in accord 
with the planters and ardently desire to see a 
copious rain ere long. Although the sugar 
crop was crippled by the drought it will very 
soon recover with seasonable weather and be 
fully restored with what the planters call a 
a brushing up with artificial stimulants. There 
is no doubt that artificial stimulants have a 
very beneficial efifect on the sugar crop after 
a drought, and especially when the earth is 
saturated with water from the clouds. I have 
not an experimental knowledge of the efficacy 
of the numerous artificial manures now in 
vogue, but when I had to do with sugar I ob- 
served that sulphate of ammonia and nitrate 
of soda were manures of a very harmless and 
beneficial tendency and that a week or two 
after their application to the stunted canes 
a chancre for the better was very evident. I 
do not, therefore, pronounce an opinion against 
the late manures, but going by observation 
and experience of the fertilizing effect of the 
manures mentioned above, I heartily recom- 
mend them. The planters of twenty years 
ago were remarkably successful in the pro- 
duction of sugar. It is well known that the 
crop of the island somewhere in the nineties 
reached to 90,000 tons of sugar. Those were 
the days when Peruvian guano was extensive- 
ly used and the grand old Bourbon cane 
reigned as king — the other canes being con- 
sidered almost infinitely beneath the x^our- 
bon. I am far from disparaging the cane va- 
rieties, but that the Bourbon cane was at one 
time best suited to the island's conditions of 
weather and gave a great yield of sugar will, 
I think, be generally conceded. The prices 
of sugar of all grades this year are some of 
the lowest on record, but molasses and syrup 
are at fair value. Potatoes are still cheap, 
but other native food is scanty and dear. I 
am told that the Indian corn planted in April, 
when, it will be remembered, that rain fell 
gauging several inches of water, is now ear- 
ing. The corn struggled with the dry weather 
of May, and although it is poor, yet a little 
may be reaped which will serve the purpose of 
seed for planting. There is a large supply of 
imported food at present and trade that way 
is brisk. The health of the Island is, perhaps, 
as good as it can be with the exception of the 
few cases of yellow fever in the out parishes. 
What on earth can cause the fever to hang 
on it seems hard to tell. But as all effects 
have causes, there can be no doubt of a cause 
for the fever, although not discovered. Goine 
by the history of the past, it is clear that 
sanitation Is the remedv for those diseases 
of an infectious nature which sometimes visit 
the island. There is not a doubt that with 



a perfect system of sanitation Barbados would 
be entirely free from epidemics, as there is 
nothing in the island of a tendency to disease. 
I am therefore pleased to observe that the 
Board of Health of the city has undertaken 
to give special attention to the state of things 
in those parishes where the fever still lingers. 
Barbados has suffered considerably from quar- 
antine. . .About thirty parts of an inch of 
rain fell in some localities on the night of 
the 15th instant, and there are just now indi- 
cations of rain. — BuUetin^ June 19. 



Sugar in London. 

The market has been disappointingly dull, 
and owing to a continuance of the recent 
poor demand from the trade prices have ^ven 
way slightly in some cases. It is difficult to 
put forward any particular reason for the 
present lack of animation, the more so, as we 
are now at a season when consumption should 
be good, while prices are not out of the way. 
It would seem, however, that the grocers are 
possessed of sufficient stocks for the time be- 
ing, while the outlook does not afford any ac- 
tual prospect of a radical change. Indeed, 
just now, after the virtual close of the Cuban 
crop, with its bearing on the American mar- 
kets, there is little to speculate on during the 
next few months, provided of course that the 
newly planted beet makes uninterrupted prog- 
ress. Apart from this, it would seem that the 
attention of the market will be chiefly occu- 
pied by the question whether the value of old 
crop beet should be depressed to that of new, 
or whether the quotation of the latter should 
be correspondingly raised. Neither stands at 
particularly high rates, such as we are ac- 
customed to nowadays, but fine weather, and 
the knowledge that an extra acreage has been 
planted this season in Europe might later on 
have some effect on both old and new sugar 
values. It is generally considered, now, that 
with the present cost of production, any quo- 
tation under 10s for 88 degree beet is at- 
tractive and leaves little room for a fall. 
Just now the absence of activity is particu- 
larly marked, and it is possible that this is 
partly due to the recent unseasonable weather, 
which has not only possibly affected the con- 
sumption, but has also i)ostponed the ripening 
of the green fruit to a later period than usual. 
A revival of the demand, however, should not 
be much longer delayed, and, meanwhile, the 
very small change in values which has taken 
place during the present dull spell is particu- 
larly noticeable. Supplies continue to be 
ample, but the demand, small as it is, has 
been sufficient to maintain the confidence of 
holders. Regarding other "markets, the quiet- 
ness observed here has been shown in New 
York also, where, however, quotations are un- 
affected by their comparatively light receipts 
of raw sugar. Here the demand for refining 
and manufacturing sugars has remained dull, 
but there has been a steady business passing in 
grocery kinds at previous rates. The imports 
of crystallized raw to London for the week 
ending the 17th instant amounted to 1,970 
tons, and for the year to 25,311 tons, against 
22,518 tons in 1908. — Produce Market Review, 
June 19. 



Mr. S. M. Mailhot. of the Oakley P. and M. 
Company, in Assumption parish, was a Thurs- 
day guest of the St. Charles hotel. 



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[Vol. xUii, No. t 



New York. 

(STAFF C0BBB8P0NDBMCB.) 

Aside from the fact that everyone seems to 
be away enjoying the national holiday there 
is little of interest to report this week. Per- 
haps it is the fact that so many of the pow- 
ers of the sugar plant equipment world are 
still enjoying the "Glorious Fourth" that 
there is so little to chronicle. The weather is 
ideal for a bit of vacation and as so many 
representatives of the sugar companies are 
here on their annual trip from the tropics, the 
supply and machinery men and the engineers 
are availing themselves of the opportunity of 
showing off our numerous seaside and moun- 
tain resorts. 

Of business, there is little going through at 
the moment. One of the largest affairs which 
appears to be on the carpet is the proposed 
new work of the Cuba Company. Everyone 
here is waiting to obtain some definite in- 
formation as to what is to be done. So far 
no one seems to have succeeded. Mr. Wilfred 
Scaife, who, as we have previously noted, is 
in the north, i>a8sed through this city last 
week, but continued right on to his home in 
Canada. He Is expected back here in a week 
or so and then, it is said, the sugar world 
shall be able to learn something of the Cuba 
Company's plans. 

Mr. James Gaul, who for some time has 
been the administrator of the Tenants' es- 
tates, in Trinidad, B. W. T., has resigned his 
position to become administrator of a large 
estate in Peru. He is expected in New York 
this week to stop for a few days. He is journey- 
ing to Peru by way of New York owing to 
the fact that a quarantine exists in the British 
West Indies on account of the prevalence of 
bubonic plague. 

Mr. James Adams, engineer and represen- 
tative in Havana of the Hugh Kelly Com- 
pany, arrived in town last Wednesday. He is 
ordering considerable machinery and equip- 
ment in the way of repair work, but so far 
nothing has developed in the way of new 
work. 

The Deming Apparatus Company, of 76% 
Pine street, New York, are reported to have 
booked some very substantial orders for the 
Deming continuous clarification system from 
some of the large sugar estates in Cuba, 
Porto Rico and other quarters. One of the 
largest contracts, we learn, was awarded them 
by the Cuban American Sugar Company, who, 
as we have previously noted in this column, 
are making extensive improvements at their 
various properties. 

Many of our readeis ar«/ familiar with the 
excellent performance of the well known **Dux- 
bax" leather belting of the Charles A. Schieren 
Company, of 63-69 Cliff Ferry street, this 
city. This belting is made steam proof and 
water proof and its record for resisting mois- 
ture has been astonishing, according to reports 
received from users of it. It is to undergo a 
supreme test soon, however, for a . reader of 
the Planter has written the Schieren Com- 
pany for .some of the belting to be used for 
conveyor work, where the belting will be en- 
tirely submerged in water continuously. The 
purchaser operates a plant in Louisiana, and 
appears to be highly gratified at having learned 
of this belting through the Planter. We do 
not think it immodest to say that planters and 
sugar plant owners and engineers will gener- 
ally find just the thing in the way of equip- 
ment if they consult the advertising columns 
of this journal. 

Mr. Joseph Rigney, of Dyer & Co., of 
Cleveland, Ohio, is again in New ork. 



New York. 

New York, July .2, 1909... 

The raw market has been dull. The quota- 
tiou on nearby and prompt shipment sugars, 
3.92, has been maintained. Last half July 
shipment, for which 3.98% has been asked, 
sold yesterday at 3.92. The sales reported 
were 5,000 bags afloat Porto Rico, 10,000 
prompt shipment Cubas, 8,000 July Cubas and 
40,000 last half July Cubas. 

There have been too many sugars offered this 
week; the quantity accumulating each day. 
The lots have been held at 3.98%, but so 
much sugar in sight has had a depressing effect 
and prices have not been able to withstand the 
weight of these supplies. This big quantity of 
sugar coming upon the market at a time when 
buyers were awaiting developments in the re- 
fined trade and had no pressing needs to fulfill, 
weakened the situation and brought values 
down. There is time enough for the owners 
of Cuban and Porto Rican supplies to dispose 
of their holdings and no competition to be 
feared. All of their shipments will be needed. 
This is their market if they go at it in the 
right way; feed their supplies gradually and 
not force them as if this were the period of 
heavy croi)-reaping, with new production mak- 
ing big additions to stocks. They have sold 
the larger part of their crops. This market 
will be better, but there are some short periods 
of dullness through which it must be helped 
and if owners expect to maintain prices and 
get the benefit they must be willing to furnish 
their share of the support necessary. With- 
in ten days or so the market should have 
strength enough in itself. June has been a 
fairly good month in the refined trade. July 
will be better. This is not the time of year 
for a dragging market and declines are quickly 
regained under the influence of good business. 
And with good trade coming in the offerings 
of raws will be readily absorbed; the quantity 
then won^t seem as large as it has this 
week. 

The European markets are steady. The 
weather has not been altogether satisfactory 
for the beets growing on the continent and 
their progress has been retarded. Warmer 
temperature and more sunshine are needed. 
Java has had rainy weather for a month and 
and there will probably be some loss in her 
cane crop. Java sugars to arrive in the United 
States early next September can be bought at 
4.13. New crop foreign beets, October-Decem- 
ber delivery, are held at 4.21, next month, 
4.22. 

Refined Sugars. — The general decline of yes- 
terday by all refiners to f. o. b. net basis 4.75, 
less 1 per cent cash, has resulted in an increased 
demand and as refiners* sales departments and 
brokers* offices will be closed to-morrow and 
Monday, the accumulation of orders next Tues- 
day should be very heavy. With refiners even 
now behind in filling assorted grade orders and 
a heavy July business expected, buyers should 
not delay ordering sugar shipped anticipating 
requirements. Present prices would not only 
seem safe, but the next price change should be 
an advance — possibly early next week. The 
Federal alone will sell to jobbers, privilege of 
28 days, delayed shipment ; other refiners to 
jobbers asortment within seven days, manufac- 
turers thirty days. All refiners guarantee 
their own prices pn day of arrival. 

M. G. Wanzor & Co. 



WrestliBsr With B. T. U. 

One result of the mathematical treatment 
of refrigeration at the hands of so many authors 
has been to give the operating engineer a 
very definite idea of the task that lies before 
him. He has been thoroughly shown that the 
extraction of British thermal units from fuel 
and water is the work that is cut out for him 
all season long, and the festive British ther- 
mal unit stands before him as an arch ene- 
my to be overcome. It is quite possible for the 
up-to-date engineer to have British thermal 
m^its eating out of his hand in short order 
if his plant is in good shape. 

Unfortunately, most engineers have to wrestle 
with British thermal units under a handicap. 
When British thermal unit is dormant in the 
fuel and must be transmitted to the water the 
condition of the boiler has much to do with 
the success of the transfer. Unfortunately the 
average ice making plant is short of boiler ca- 
pacity and for that reason the condition of the 
boilers in use soon deteriorates to a consider- 
able extent. Where continuous operation is 
compulsory no engineer can properly care for 
a boiker plant that has no surplus capacity. 
In the battle with scale the engineer loses 
which cleaning has to be deferred day after day. 

It is up to the engineer to get all the British 
thermal units possible out of the fuel and 
into the water. Ample boiler capacity and 
modem cleaning devices properly used will do 
the work and show in the coal bill — where the 
owner looks first At another stage of the pro- 
cess British thermal units looms up again and 
in this place also the average plant is short- 
handed. There may still be those who believe 
that so long as water must be frozen in the 
cans it makes no difl&erence what the tempera- 
ture is at the start. Such engineers or 
owners, however, are really in the ice-making 
business for their health. Some form of fore- 
cooler or pre-oooler, it matters not by what 
particular name it may go, should be in place 
in every plant. Just as many British ther- 
mal units as possible should be extracted from 
the sweet water before it goes to the can. 
Ice-making as at preseiit conducted begins with 
a wrestle with British thermal units and ends 
with the victory on the side of the engineer, 
at least he makes ice, but the owners vic- 
tory may not be so apparent uuless the battle 
be economically waged and this can not be 
done without careful attention to places where 
the battle is fought. Give the boiler a chance 
at the beginning of the battle and the freezing 
tank one at the end. — Ice. 



Personal 



Mr. Henry Nadler, the prominent Plaque- 
mine foundry man, was at one of our leading 
hotels during the past week. 

Colonel Will H. Price, of Lafourche parish, 
was at the New St. Charles hotel last Sun- 
day. 

Mr. Oscar Daspit, of Iberia, came down to 
the city on a visit a few days ago and regis- 
tered at the Monteleone hotel. 

Mr. and Mrs. Fred Wilbert, of Plaquemine, 
were at the Cosmopolitan hotel last Wednes- 
day. 

Mr. and Mrs. li, C. LeBlanc, of Iberville 
parish, were in the city during the past week. 
They stopped at the Hotel Monteleone. 

Colonel Richard McCall. of McCall, La., was 
in New Orleans last Wednesday. 

Mr. Geo. J. Perkins, local manager of the 
American Appraisal Company, of Milwaukee, 
a man who is very popular among the sugar 
planters, has gone on his annual vacation and 
will be absent until about September 1. Mr. 
Perkins will take his recreation in the East, 
visiting the mountains of Vermont and eastern 
New York and other points of interest in the 
New England and Eastern States. 



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July 30, 1909.] 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



.25 



Beet Culture, Intense Culture, Qernian 

Aptitude. 

Editor L<nMana Planter: 

In these days when the cY^lightsome little beet 
plants are everywhere manifesting their pres- 
ence in the territory contiguous to beet sugar 
factories, many of the farmers are making in- 
teresting comparisons, ferreting out various de- 
ductions from past experiences and drawing 
some interesting conclusions which are bound 
to be of value to future tillers of the soil. The 
mental process going on might l>e called a 
study of the correlation of beet sugar pursuits, 
interests and assets to that of general agricul- 
tural pursuits, interests and assets. The phi- 
losophy, if one pleases to call it such, is al- 
ways fascinating and has really had the Ger- 
man as a sponsor, whose fertile scientific mind is 
always looking for the root of things, for causes 
and effects, for relationships and possibilities 
largely because necessity, the mother of Inven- 
tion, has goaded him on to discover for his 'peo- 
ple at home fields of agricultural opportunities 
and probabilities to feed the mouths of an ever- 
increasing population. The empire has not 
been able to draw on its colonial possessions for 
help, as for example England has with its for- 
eign possessions 97 times greater in area than 
the homeland, for the colonial possessions of 
the kaiser are only five times larger in area 
than the home country. 

It can be said without very much modifica- 
tion that the vastness of our domain in the 
United States has up to within two or three 
decades kept us from more painstaking agricul- 
tural investigation, and naturally so, for we 
have made a livelihood in most sections with 
little or no knowledge of scientific farming just 
because the virgin soil yielded her increase with- 
out much provocation or preparation. Our itch 
also has been to have large areas, and the 
quantity has often mastered us more than the 
quality or location. So, for example, in my 
home town we have a farmer who once owned 
about four acres of land in Milwaukee, the 
metropolis of the State, a section where the 
courthouse now stands, which is procured for 
a few hundred dollars. This, however, was not 
large enough, so he sold and invested in an 
80-acre farm in this town, which is now worth 
about $6,000. But the Milwaukee property 
could not be bought for $600,000 now. We 
had an exodus of farmers from this State in 
the 70's and 80's, men leaving the northern 
part of the State for the great alluvial plains 
of Dakota and Minnesota, tired of grubbing 
stumps, desiring cheaper land, but withal large 
estates, and this outgoing was so great that our 
immigration bureau, known for its constructive 
work and agressive projects in landing new set- 
tlers, was out of commisison for a number of 
years, just because men were bound to have 
large areas with one-half or only one-third of 
the work on every acre. 

Now things have changed much ; much of the 
land has been cleared, the Northwestern rail- 
road and the Soo line, the late Wisconsin Cen- 
tral road, have opened up entirely new terri- 
tory and we are coming back, not to work such 
large farms, but proportionately more farms, be- 
cause we have learned the value of soils, crops, 
fertilizer and climatic advantages. In short, we 
have put more culture into our farming, so that 
men have discovered that it acts as an incre- 
ment of happiness where often money fails. 
No crop has helped northern Wisconsin so much 



on this score as the iJeet crop, for no haphazard 
or shiftless farmer will engage in it, for it is 
pre-eminently a crop that puts the tiller of the 
soil to a test and considering the fact that we 
are solving the labor end of the beet fields, as 
shown in correspondence in these columns here- 
tofore, some of us have a profound conviction 
that the beet crop will play a roll in our future 
agricultural life that will provoke recognition 
everywhere. 

^ leading agricultural expert from Washing- 
ton, whose name has escaped my memory, made 
the prediction at a farmers' congress some time 
ago that the coming agricultural country in 
the United States would be the Mississippi 
valley because of the soil, the climate and the 
progressive but conservative farming class, who 
as a class knew more of diversification, rota- 
tion and intense farming than any other class 
in the country. And this is just what the Ger- 
man i>eople stand for and a good per cent of 
Ihem in the Mississippi valley are of German ex- 
traction. Many of them mav be ashamed of 
their beer drinking proi^ensities, but you will 
never find a German ashamed, not even on the 
streets at midnight, of his record as a farmer 
whose everlasting motto is "slow but sure" and 
"I will endure." He often reminds me of the 
two switch engines in a large railroad yard, 
one a large one of formidable size and tibe other 
small and apparently weak. The foreman of 
the yard asked the larger one to haul a load 
over the hill, but the engine said it could not 
do it Approaching the smaller locomotive, it 
at once gave Its consent, hitched onto the cars 
and with an accented puff began: *'I-think-I- 
can, I-think-I-can, I-think-I-can," going quite 
fast at first, then slower and slower, finally go- 
ing over the brow of the hill and then saying, 
"I-thought-I-could, I-thonght-I-could, I-thought- 
I-could." 

The problems that the German people have 
encountered in raising beets were actual hills of 
difficulty, but some facts and figures show that 
the sugar crop is one of the pillars of German 
farm life and affects every phase of agricul- 
tural life correspondngly. Some figures have 
come under my observation which will throw 
some light on this subject. Statistics have been 
compiled wherein the beet patches are grouped 
according to size to hectares (2.4 acres) ; nrst 
all those patches below 2 hectares, then those 
between 2 and 5 hectares, and so on to those 
patches that averaged over 10 hectares, ^uen 
the figures show what per cent of the individual 
farms these patches are, the beets raised, the 
percentage of the whole farm area, then a hgure 
showing the per cent of every 100 farms of the 
different groups devoted to beet and the per- 
centage of every 100 hectares devoted to 
beets and nothing but beets. In the province of 
Brunswick, the real beet center, where the farm 
of medium size prevails, some special data has 
been compiled which is also appended. 



The student will readily discover that the 
beet field from 5 to 20 hectares is the most pop- 
ular in the German empire, as there are 47,145 
of that kind, though at present there may be 
more , for these figures date back a number of 
years, and I understand that the farms from 2 
to 5 hectares have increased largely in the past 
ten years. In this 5-20 group it will be noted 
that the percentage of individual farm devoted 
to beets is higher than in any other group, and 
the same holds true of the province of Bruns- 
wick, where of all the farms in the province 
having that size 38.2 per cent are devoted to 
beet culture. It is well also to call attention 
to the fact that of all the farms devoted to beets 
in Brunswick 26.4 per cent of the area is 
utilized for beets; in fact, 73.1 per cent of all 
the farms in the province grow a certadn acreage 
every year. It is true that these smaller 
farms do not raise the largest quantity, as those 
over 100 hectares show the largest acreage, for 
these come from the estates of the wealthy and 
the nobility, especially in the eastern part ot 
the empire, where 29 per cent of the farms are 
devoted to beets, while in Brunswick 91 per 
cent of 100 farms are given over to l)eet cul- 
ture, they also raising the highest acreage, fig- 
uring on the basis of 100 hectares of land in 
the empire. Proportionately, however, the«e 
smaller farms raise much more than the larger 
ones on account of the fine attention the small- 
er fields receive. 

The €krman loves the soil; he came into 
his native land centuries ago, when people of 
southern Burope thought there was no oppor- 
tunity whatever in that far off wilderness, with 
its cold winters and barren fields, and he con- 
quered the soil. Proportionately Germany has 
a far greater rural population than England or 
France. One needs also go to the German 
cities to see that the average resident loves the 
garden; he has a garden spot if there is any 
chance whatever. The houses ure built up close 
to the streets and there are gardens behind the 
buildings and in the courts of the more hand- 
some structures. The German wants something 
green, and 1,000 men are engaged alone by the 
city ef Berlin to take care of all the trees 
planted at public expense. They dig around 
them and water them, trim them and take care 
of them in general. Many of the public high- 
ways leading into the country are lined with 
apple, cherry and pear trees, and the different 
farmers have the privilege of renting the trees. 
The country is sufficiently policed at all times 
and all places to prevent thefts and "cooning" 
is rather an expensive procedure and happens 
very seldom. 

The resident of the Grerman city has other 
garden opportunities. The vacant lots are 
rented to the people and certain city parks 
are rented to individuals, who build high hedges 
around the rented portion, and they can erect 
a small cottage on it, raise vegetables and plant 
flowers. One of the local Christian Endeavor 
societies in Leipzig rented such a garden at 
$120 a year, planted flowers, had all kinds of 
bowers, had a little cottage, a kitchen, a round 
table for meetings, shade trees and the different 



GERMAN EMPIRE. 



Fields 
Size. Cultivated. 

Below 2 hecteres 10,781 

2 to 5 hectares 21,413 

5 to 20 hectares 47,145 

20 to 50 hectares 20.776 

50 to 100 hectares 5,867 

Over 10 Ohectares 7,262 

Total 113,244 



Fields 
Size. Cultivated. 

Under 2 hectares 2,016 

2 to 5 hectares 1,275 

5 to 20 hectares 3,193 

20 to 50 hectares 1,374 

50 to 10 hectares 342 

Over 10 hectares 164 

Total 8,384 100.0 







Per cent 


100 


100 


Per 




of total 


Farms, 


Hectares. 


cent of 


Beets. 


farm area 


per cent 


percent 


Farms. 


(Hectares.) 


in beets. 


in beets. 


m be.ts. 


9.5 


3,781 


1.0 


0.3 


0.2 


18.9 


12,693 


3.2 


2.1 


0.4 


41.6 


48,213 


12.2 


4.7 


0.5 


18.3 


54,819 


13.8 


8.7 


0.8 


5.3 


42,90;^ 


10.8 


14.0 


1.6 


6.4 


233,820 


59.0 


29.0 


3.0 


100.0 


396,289 


100.9 


2.0 


1.2 


BRUNSWICK. 












Per cent 


100 


100 


Per 




of total 


Farms, 


Hectares, 


cent of 


Beets. 


farm area 


per cent 


per cent 


Farms. 


(Hectares.) 


in beets. 


in beets. 


m beets. 


24.1 


383 


1.6 


4.5 


2.1 


15.2 


630 


2.7 


23.8 


3.7 


38.2 


4,841 


20.4 


52.1 


7.8 


16.4 


6,280 


26.4 


73.1 


11.1 


4.1 


4,482 


18.9 


91.0 


18.1 


2.0 


7,101 


30.0 


91.0 


17.0 



23,697 



100.0 



14.0 



10.7 



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26 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xlidi, No. 2 



members had keys to go there during the noon 
hours and evoning honrs for rest and recreation, 
different ones taking turns rn keeping up the 
garden. This was in the heart of the city, the 
private property of a syndicate, who rented 
some one hundrea lots in this way. 

Then the whole outlying districts of the big 
cities like Berlin are utilized. I have seen thous- 
ands of acres on the border of the city limits 
of Berlin dotted with hundreds of cottages, 
owned by city people, who rent the land, some- 
times an eighth of an acre or less, plant all 
their vegetables, have large flower beds, have 
swings for their children, while the ladies take 
all their work along, do sewing under the 
juniper trees, spend Saturdays and Sundays in 
the place and most of the nights on cot and 
improvised beds. Going on the trains, it is 
a sight to see hundreds of these huts, all the 
gardens having some ensign up, possibly the 
German flag or then the Prussian or some other 
flag from the province where the inhabitant 
was bom. In fact, the whole country round 
about is one panorama of flags, huts, trees, gar- 
dens, vegetables and flowers. Thousands would 
get out on the soil if they had the means. Then 
their trades prevent them from changing over 
to another occupation, for it is customary to 
abide wherein you have schooled or taught. 

Outside of Switzerland, which is really the 
play ground and garden spot of Europe, there 
is no land that values the soil as Germany, and 
to be a farmer is an honor, while here we often 
sneer at **the old farmer," who after all is the 
real producer of the land. **Made in Germany," 
applies to a great percentage of products that 
come from the farm. Of 100 agricultural indus- 
tries, or 100 plants, factories or establishments 
working up farm products, it is thought pro- 
voking to discover how many of them fall onto 
the smaller patches of land which we in the 
west would call mere gardens. It brings us 
back again to the idea of rigid cultivation, and 
devotion to quality more than quantity. The 
following table shows the various sizes of farms 
and then the number of industries found on 
these farms, figuring on a basis of one hundred 
different industries for all the farms of all 
sizes : ■ 

Sugar Dis- 

Size. factories, tilleries. 

Under 2 hectares 44.00 11.63 

2 to 5 hectares 9.72 6.55 

5 to 20 hectares 14.86 17.58 

20 to 100 hectares 9.71 17.60 

Over 100 hectares 21.71 46.46 



Beet Sarar Notes. 

The flood waters of the Cache la Poudre 
river, in Colorado, ruined a large acreage of 
sugar beets at Greeley early in the month. 

The beet sugar factory at Lyons, N. Y., 
will have a very reduced acreage of beets this 
year, due to the fact that the local farm- 
ers have found the cultivation of beans, po- 
tatoes and cabbages more profitable. 

In Michigan the beet acreage is stated to 
be 25 per cent larger than last year. 

The Southern California Sugar Company, 
of Santa Ana, California, has increased its 
capital stock from $600,000 to $1,000,000. The 
company expects to ircrease the capacity of 
its factory. 

The Glendale, Arizona, sugar factory has 
opened the 1909 campaign, being the first of 
the beet sugar factories to do so. 

The sugar factory at Hamilton, California, 
has been employing Japanese to thin out the 
growing beets, but the Japs having given up 
their contract fifty Hindoos have been taken 
on to fill their places. 

California capitalists are endeavoring to in- 
terest the farmers around Stockton in the 
culture of sugar beets, with a view of erect- 
ing a beet sugar factory in that locality. 

The apparent failure of the beet sugar indus- 
try in the State of Oregon is attributed by 
some to the lack of transportation facilities in 
that State. It is said that capitalists have 
inspected eastern Oregon and have found sev- 
eral localities where sugar beets may be grown 
profitably, if there were adequate facilities for 
getting the beets to the factory, but it is said 
that the practically utter lack of such facilities 



The sugar factories predominate on and about 
the smaller farms, that is, there are more sugar 
factories in proportion to the farms below 2 
hectares raising sugar beets than similar sized 
farms raising products for mills, distilleries or 
breweries. The distilleries depend nearly half 
on the estates over 100 hectares in size for their 
raw material, so that only the wealthy furnish 
the bulk of the material, while the poor often 
consume the bulk of it. It is so with the starch 
industry, as the figures show, and it take sthe 
starch out of some of the middle class, despite 
the tyranny of cuffs and collars and bosom 
fihirts. The German brewers get nearly half of 
their raw material from the 5-20 hectare farm 
and they brew a trifle over half the beer made 
on the whole European continent. The figures 
once more demonstrate that the raising of 
sugar beets is the poor man's crop, and the rich 
man's crop for the factories range between the 
smallest and the largest farms, the interme- 
diate farms having the smallest per cent. 

There is one more fact that must be borne 
in mind and that has some bearing on German 
agricultural life and its unusual development in 
the past three decades. One of the editorial 
writers of the Planter alluded to it some time 
ago. We useu to get many immigrants from 
western Europe back in the years between 1871 
nnd 1881. In IRSl there were 220,901 Ger- 
mans who landed in Uncle Sam's country. In 
IIKKS there were only 10,883 and as the editorial 
writer said, the people of western Europe have 
learned the value of their own laboring people 
and Germany in particular, for they believe in 
their sons of the soil to till it when they are 
not doing military duty. 

S. G. BUEGO. 

South Germantown, Wis. 



Starch 






8.52 


18.78 


17.73 


factories. 


Mills. 


- Breweries. 


6.61 


24.15 


18.57 


10.25 


44.30 


41.86 


I 13.21 


11.29 


19.70 


; 61.41 


1.48 


2.14 



furnishes a very difficult obstacle to over- 
come. 

The beet crop of the Alameda Sugar Com- 
pany, in Yolo county, California, is reported 
as being somewhat late, although it will be 
ready for harvest this month. It is stated that 
the yield will be much larger than last year. 

The Waverly, Iowa, sugar factory has about 
3,000 acres of beets under cultivation for this 
year's crop, of which 1,000 acres are in Bremer 
county. The factory management is making 
contracts to feed cattle on the beet pulp. 

Beets weighing from 8 to 9 pounds each and 
averaging 16 per cent sugar and a yield of 
25 tons per acre are being produced near the 
Glendale, Arizonaj sugar factory. 

The beet harvest for the Glendale, Arizona, 
factory has been in process since the middle of 
June, and the Glendale plant is now in opera- 
tion, with everything running smoothly. 

The Chino. California, factory will have 
about 100,000 tons of sugar beets to handle 
this season and was scheduled to begin about 
July 1. 



Sus:ar as a Food — A Word of Caution. 

Sugar is often given a bad name from a 
physiological standpoint, but it is questionable 
whether it is deiserved. It seems inconceivable 
that the bountifulness with which the world 
is supplied with sugar should mean anything 



else than that it Is designed for human food. 
Sugar is one of the most powerful foods which 
we possess, as it is, in reality, one of the 
cheapest. In muscular labor no food appears 
to be able to gi^ the same powers of endur- 
ance as sugar; and comparative practical trials 
have shown that the hard physical worker and 
the athlete are more equal to the physical strain 
thrown upon them when a reasonable allowance 
of sugar is included in their diet than when 
sugar has been denied to them. Trophies, 
prizes and cups have undoubtedly been won 
on a diet in which sugar was intentionally a 
notable constituent. It has been said that su- 
gar may decide a battle, and experiments in 
the German army have d^nonstrated that 
without it soldiers tire much more easily than 
when it is included in their diet. From this 
fact, we may fairly conclude that jam and 
preserve<l fruits are not to be regarded as 
luxuries. 

The disfavor that sugar has acquired in the 
minds of some people seems to be a result of its 
"muscle feeding" qualities. A comparatively 
small quantity sometimes amounts to an ex- 
cess, and excess of any food is always inimical 
to the easy working of the digestive processes. 
A strong solution of sugar is irritating to the 
tissues, will often cause superficial inflamma- 
tion, and may produce a form of the skin dis- 
ease called eczema. It is well known that an 
excessive diet of sugar irritates the mucous 
membrane of the stomach and encourages the 
production of mucus, and of a highly acid 
gastric juice. Moreover, eating too much su- 
gar spoils the appetite for other foods. And 
now comes the most serious point — children 
who over indulge in candy between meals are 
usually unable to eat their ordinary meals. 
Among adults, over indulgence in sweet ice 
cream, preserved fruits or sweet cordials 
(liqueurs) after dinner, retards the digestion 
of the meat and vegetables that have previous* 
ly been eaten. 

Sugar satisfies; it is a concentrated carbo- 
hydrate. Wherever it does harm to a person 
in good health, the injury is due to excesa 
Taken in small quantities and distributed ovef 
the daily food-intakes, sugar contributes most 
usefully in the supply of energy required by the 
body. 

In some cases, of course ,the presence of 
sugar in the diet is plainly undesirable, but 
the physician alone can judge of such cases. 

The man in ordinary health who either ab- 
stains from sugar, or reduces his diet to one 
almost free from sugar and other carbo- 
hydrates, in favor of protein foods such as 
meat, often shows feeble muscular energy and 
an indifferent capacity for physical endurance. 
— Lawrence Irwcll, in Michigan Tradesman. 



Trade Note. 

The Hoicard Cane Loader Companpt of Ber- 
wick, La., desires us to direct the attention o^ 
our readers to the fact that the Howard loader 
IS guaranteed to load from a ton to a ton and 
a quarter per minute, and not from a ton t« 
a ton and a half, as erroneously stated in theit 
advertisement la.st week. They write us that 
they are anxious to make no extravagant claims 
or statements, and that they are confining 
themselves, in the announcements, to exactly 
what the Howard Loader can do and has done 
in actual practice. 



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July 10. 1909.] 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



27 



AT 



sue 



p 

lisoi 
"( 
fere 
som 
spef 
cepi 
P 
ifi p 
are 

tiOD 

muc 

A 
iDg 
At 
wre! 
plor 
al S 

Ii 
I ss 
at V 
ince 

A 
of 
303 

**] 
5 p 
ore 
ery 

**] 
a li 
Thr 
plou 
Thu 
fron 
plan 
a pi 
blad 
icati 

"1 
plou 
plou 
plan 
to 8 

"1 
gins 
are 
plou 

"1 



tainable is applit»d at the rate 



a heavy on*: 
Four to (P 
goes 4 to 6^ 
is the samer 

I eight har- 
for sugar 

description 
e personally 
y Professor 
lid not tra- 
ail to thor- 
into consid- 
tions affect* 
m that his 
^re cheaply, 
ve its mois- 
)it of term- 
after all be 
uls and dif- 
inds. 
Shearer, M. 

icy of field 
foreign, in 
be made to 
D each case 
)ot-pounds." 
The native 
J higher co- 
>n the arid 
it will not 
aess of con- 
rith it— the 
dia for the 
2 to 4. 
on of the 
r taken, and 
) niggardly 

itate of fine 
the surface 
d with the 
ications va- 
e when ob- 
of 15 to 20 



PLOUGH AT siiOLAprR ON SUGAR PLANTATION OF RAO SAHIB MALAPPA BASAPPA WARAD tons per acre, Safflower cake up to nearly 4 tons 



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28 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xllii. No. 2 



effect Inasmuch as the rows of cane are gen- 
erally not more than two feet apart, a Yerj 
large number of plants or "sets" are required. 
The figures civen by Mollison and Knight arc 
16,000 to 18»000 (presumably for the Poona 
district), Ahmedabad 20,000 to 24,000, while 
in Sind probably a very large number (40,000) 
is necessary. 

In some parts of the West Indies the tops re- 
quired vary from 2,420 to 4,840 per acre ac- 
cording to distance apart. 

After the application of the manure, the 
planting operations are thus described by Mr. 
Mollison. (p. 8 Agricultural Ledger No. 8 of 
1898): 

**The land should now be ridged up with the 
plough into ridges 24 to 28 inches apart, the 
furrows being as deep as possible. The plough 
should then be run across the line of ridges to 
form parallel water channels 10 feet apart. Fi- 
nally the field should be laid out into beds 10 
feet square. The bnnd.'i i*ound each water com- 
partment should be raised by soil moved with 
the hand hoe from the furrows, and by remov- 
ing about 9 inches from the ends of each ridge 
inside any particular water compartment. Each 
compartment when complete contains four shore 
ridges and five furrows, as shown in the dia- 
gram, ,the short lines indicate the crests of th«i 
ridges. 



. 1- 



< 

O 

V 

» 





I 





1 


1 1. 


^^ 


\ 


1 1 

-< 1 


< 




S^ 














(? 




!T> 1 


•1 




'^ 


o 




^ 


cr 




3- 


p 






s 




3 







3 

3- 

* 
1 










1 1 



I 



NATIVB HABBOW — MANJRI. 



per acre« Bassia cake up to and over 8 tons per 
acre, Castor cake up to 4 tons. Professor 
Knight in Bulletin No. 25, 1905, gives the fol- 
lowing table: 






s§ -r 



Safflower Cake . . 
Bassia Cake .... 
Cot. Seed Cake.. 
Castor Cake, 



a5 

27 

37.8 

45 



1!^ 

i-cfc 



?£■''. 






'^ > as c • • . 

a S'xis .so 
3 « 2; ^ ;: 2 •- 



tolU 
toSS 



Karanj Cake 40 



28 
50 



Ground Nut 
Sesamum 

Nigerseed 50 

Poudrette 7 

Farm yard Manure 1.8 

iTlsh manure 40 

iNitrate of Soda.. 115 
Crjiide Nitre 100 




2H to 2 
About 
4Hto5 
4 to 4 
4Hto4) 
2 to 2 
2^to2< 
3Hto3< 
15 to 
20 to 30 
2 to2V^ 

1 tol% 

No recent authority seems to have much to 
say as to Seet (Indigo refuse) as a manure. It 
is largely used in Benar and is without doubt of 
considerable value. As the result of extended 
experiments with manure at Poona, Professor 
Knight found that the cheapest sources of Ni- 
trogen were Safflower cake and cotton seed 
unke. and that tho results from phoRphatic ma- 
nures such as bone meal and superphosphates 
were unsatisfactory. 

All over India cattle dung is largely drjed 
for fuel. This may b^ owing to scarcity of 
wood or other fuel or to the peculiar way in 
which it smoulders and burns, being suitable to 
Indian domestic requirements, as in many parts 
where there appeared no scarcity of wood it 
was being collected and dried for burning on the 
spot. My knowledge of local conditions is in- 
fiuflScient to justify any expression of opinion as 
to the wisdom or unwisdom of the practice, but 
the aggregate weight consumed must be very 



great, and accounts no doubt for the general 
outcry as to the scarcity of farm yard manure 
where sugar cane is cultivated. 

Plants. — The plants used may be whole canes, 
as in some parts near Poona; tops, as near 
Sholapur and the Behar districts; elsewhere, I 
have been informed, butts have been used with 



Water Chancel 

Irrigation. — I'p to 1900 the sfovf^rninent of 
j India has spent £32,000,000 on canals for irri- 
j^aiioii, :iPd is oontemnlatins; a f riler expend- 
iture of £30,000,000, but I saw immense areas 
' of excellent soil, where the rainfall seemed in- 
sufficient, where I could see few wells and no 
elevated land from which water could be 
1 brought in canals. 

I What proportion of the cane crop of India is 
raised on irrigated land it would be impossible 
to say. In Poona, Sholapur, Hyderabad and 
Coimbatore all the areas under cane cultiva- 
tion are irrigated. The Central Provinces, .Gu- 
jcrat, and Sind I did not see. but the whole of 
ihc canes I saw in the Panjab were either irri- 
gated from one or other of the canals, or from 



PERSIAN WHEEL, CAWNPORE. 



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29 



wells from which the water was raised mostly 
by the Persian wheel worked by bullocks. In 
I bo Central Provinces wells were everywhere in 
evidence. Not so in Behar, but here the rain- 
fall is mnch heavier. In Bengal and Miadrafl 
man power is more commonly used to raise the 
water, and it api>ears sufficiently tedious and 
laborious. 

On areas attached to canals there was not 
wanting evidence of the excessive use of water, 
and in addition to the quantity considered necr 
e^sary for bringing forward the cane crop a 
curious habit obtains, when it appears to have 
lipened up, of giving it a final drenching short- 
ly before cutting in order to dilute the juice 
and improve the crushing. This custom pre- 
vails over large areas, but whether it obtains 
where man power only is employed for raising 
the water I did not ascertain. 

In Poona, experiments have been made with 
a view to determine the quantity of water 
which could be used with the greatest effect, 
and it has been found that applications of quan- 
tities equivalent to a rainfall of 2^t inches 
every 10 days gave better results than applica- 
tions equal to a rain of 4^ inches at intervals 
of 15 days. Figuring these quantities out, and 
adding the 16 inches rainfall recorded for that 
year I found that 31 waterings of 2^>^ inches 
each equalled a rainfall of 77.5 

Inches. 
Add actual rainfall 16. 



Total 93.5 



inches, p. fairly heavy rainfall. 
Taking the less frequent waterings, 
20 waterinjirs of 4^" each equalled 

rainfall of 90.0 

Add actual rainfall 16. 



Total 106.0 

a heavy rainfall, much too heavy for a clay 
soil even if fairly well drained. 

At Baramati the statement was made that 
from 7,000 to 15,000 cubic feet were given at 
intervals of 10 to 12 days. That the average 
was about 12,000 cubic feet. This, at 31 water- 
ings, would figure out at 179.8 inches of rain- 
fall, which seems an enormous figure. Some 
cane growers in this locality complained they 
could never get enough. The question seemed 
to be engaging the attention of the canal en- 
gineers, as one had been specially placed on 
this particular section to watch it. 

Altogether it did not seem to me to be easy 
to say approximately how much the water ap- 
plied would represent in actual rainfall here or 
elsewhere, so many conditions were involved, 
but I was left with an impression in some parts 
of an excessive use of water. This is not like- 
ly to occur where the water has to be raised 
from wells. For such districts I understand 
the government is importing oil engines for hire 
or for sale to the Raiyats for water lifting pur- 
poses. 

Drainage, — In sevei-al places I saw some pro- 
vision for leading away the effluent water of ir- 
rigation, but on the whole I was left with the 
inrpression that drainage does not receive-^ 
probably do?s not require — the attention that is 
elsewhere found necessary. In the Paujab I 
Baw great tracts covered with a white efflores- 
cence known as Heh. Professor Voelcker (p. 
37) states that this efflorescence is principally 
Impure carbonate of soda^ sulphate of soda and 
salts of lime and magnesia. I was told on all 
bands in the Panjab that these patches, which 
are useless for' cultivation are spreading, <ind 
the question which occurred wa^ whether thesie 
salts, instead of being brought to the surface 
and loft there by evaporation, could not be 
washed out of the land by drainage. 

Of course such a system of drainage as would 
be necessary would take long to establish. 
{To he Continued.) 



Astroloi:y for July. 

Observations and calculations made expressly 
for the Louisiana Plantks. 

The world's jog will be of even pace in gen- 
eral, but exceptions will still prevail in the 
outer settlements. Commonly acknowledged 
dominion will stand in the great nations and 
the adjustments and systematization of affairs 
alone will be cause of disputes and small 
outcroppings of grief. But in these adjust- 
ments and the scrambles and in the smaller 



countries is where the fur will fly and the 
heart-burnings have to be carried over to the 
winter season — when crops are gathered and 
the buzz-fly cavalry horses get strong enough 
to carry the lance to the enemy's soul — or 
the rider out of his grasp should the contest 
become too serious and the hope too forlorn on 
the side of the aggrieved parties bringing on the 
attack 

Turkey will have counted over the profits and 
losses by this time and set the hens for the fall 
hatch. The older Turks seem satisfied and the 
younger statesmen have become tired of hot- 
footing it this weather. The new officials, 
civil and military, want time to have new uni- 
forms made and agree upon salaries before 
doing any more hard work. 

In Germany a hope is held out of a comer 
in flying machines as against England, and 
the ambition on the one part and the supposed 
alarm on the other seems to be a soothing 
plaster of great economy at least and equally 
harmless. 

The Japanese at Honolulu need the flys 
brushed off of them and will get it. While in 
Cuba the situation still seems in obeyance, 
waiting to see if there will be offices and loot 
enough to go round before they can positively 
tell whether they will want to nave a revolution 

and fight or not issue more bonds or start 

a battery. Some lonely exiles from the South 
American map are still absent, starring -it a 
while longer in hope of a landing, if not a wel- 
come home again before winter sets in. 

Meantime the big nations will be counting 
their money and building more ships and hoping 
that these well planned arrangements on the 
old lines will not go awry from the visit of 
an unfriendly flying machine, with boom at- 
tacnments, coming down the chimney some fine 
morning and upsetting the family menu. 

Congress will keep bellowing on, each of the 
honorable gentlemen enduring the smoke and 
heat of the battle with a fiendish delight that 
he is frying the fat out of the other fellow as 
well. 

Farming conditions will rest under a season 
of hot sunshine and no overplus of rain in 
places, but crops in need of this will wave 
in the dazzling light and the farmer in the 
meanwhile do his moving with a fan in 
sequestered shades — rolling one thumb over the 
other as he casts matters up and sees as how 
he will not have to ask the firm of Tooth, Nail 
& Brush for a bite of bread when he starts in 
the coming year. 

1st. Everything is in line on the planta- 
tion, laying by crops. Better add about one 
bushel of cow peas, thrown in the middles, after 
hauling the last dirt to the row with culti- 
vators, and then with a double-mould board 
plow pass one time through the middle, throw- 
ing dirt and peas up on the sides. This plan 
enables you to drop a few peas in the gappy 
places and shades out weeds and grass gen- 
erally. Especially in D74 and D95 canes, 
the leaves of which do not come down so well 
and shade the row like the native cane. It 
pays also as a fertilizer for next year and 
no other is necessary, whether the com or 
stubble follow. This plan enables the planter 
to lay by with one or two less workings of 
the crop and in case of the D74 the taking of 
any chances of breaking much of it in going 
over with the cultivator the last time. 

2nd. Hot stuff in Washington. 

3rd. Weather warm and the boll weevils 
skip out and cane and cotton grows. 

4th. Sunday — Give gifts in the morning 
and receive favors in the afternoon and kiss 
young widows in the evening. 

5th. Ring bells on the plantations and 
draw the lines on the mules and niggers. Roll 
up the dirt in the anal lay by of the crop. Put 
it on thick, for hot suns and dry seasons are 
ahead. 

6th. Thunder, lightning, wind and rain 
may come this day. Be careful — deal with 
strangers only in the afternoon and receive 
gifts over the fence, if any come. 

7th. Hot blood in Washington, also Hono- 
lulu, also in Cuba. Be calm and keep thy 
nose to the domestic grindstone and try to be 
happy. 

8th. Planters drying out third sugars and 
selling off the firsts they held over for big 
prices — to get rich as usual. The Trust is 



doubly obliged for this, for they have saved 
storage and interest on large sums of money 
and all the loss in weight and deteripratioit. 
Do it again, old broad brim, they like your 
pluck; there is money in it — for them. 

9th. Not many gone off to the watering 
places this year. The lean bank account keeps 
most at home, Seliah. 

loth. Saturday and pay day as well. A 
little more muscles in the hind legs of overseers 
and laborers and a little more ginger under the 
heels of all hands. The pop peddler is out, 
the bread and butcher man also and everything 
is buzzing at Dago corner. High license nar- 
rows down thA number in the whiskey business, 
makes the beer glasses smaller and waters the 
whiskey every time it rains. Raise *em an- 
other thousand next year and make it ali 
water. 

llth. Talk of cuarbon among mules here 
and there. There is a remedy for this among 
them and cattle on every plantation, but the 
planter doesn t know what it is. 

12th. No use to say it is hot, that is the 
name of this month, and the rain crow will also 
be hollowing in the land. 

13th. The lay by is good and the dreadful 
expenses will soon be over. 

14th. Weather hot as a ginger mill and the 
relief comes not. Open thy collar and spread 
thy whiskers to the breeze. Take a lemonade 
and put a cabbage leaf in thy hat and let the 
procession move on. 

15th. The income tax will serve general 
purposes; it will establish a plan for noseing' 
around into private business affairs a la Roose- 
velt; it will please the envious and ne'er-do- 
well who have no incomes ; arm politicians witb 
a club and finally yield some revenue to the 
government, if it is not all absorbed in the 
collecting expenses. 

16th. The prohibition question is on in- 
Nebraska and Mr. Bryan can cool his gills botJth 
with fresh air and cold water. 

17th. Big bank buildings go up in citiei;- 
with all the expensive and ornate finishings. 
Why don't they put the money into business 
channels, where it is badly needed and would 
broaden the country and city trade? 

18th. Ihe rice man turns the old sugar 
plantation to rice this year. He pumps on the 
water and it breaks loose on the so-called well 
drained sugar places below and the rice man 
laughs and the sugar man weeps. If a flood of 
rain water breaks these rice men's small levees 
in the field the whole business will pour oat 
on top of the sugar man's head like water out 
of a gourd. In that case the sugar man's crop 
would be drowned out and when |:rinding time 
comes it would be seen only in frmges on hclgbi 
spots and^ like a bald-headed man's hair, eonldl 
be cut without taking off his hat. Some men 
have spent money for drajnage, while others 
did not. Thus it happens that the last is first 
and the first is last. 

19th. Roosevelt is pretty well squashed; 
eating tenderloin rhinocerous with African 
pepper seasoning, and the sweat baths that 
follow in that climate is proleating if not 
nourishing. Meantime Bill Taft lives on 'pos- 
sum and hope — and is fat and fine. Lesson: 
Never leave your own home or country to hunt 
for pleasure — with better ones left behind! 

20th. Senator Aldrich is a daisy in poli- 
tics. 

21st. The potato men have sold their crops 
and are now melting up the tomatoes for dis- 
tribution to the people abroad — some on the 
next farm beside them. 

22nd. The sugar trust in New York does 
not fare so well under an administration headed 
by a man from the West. In the old days — oot 
very old days — the Western man, beef trusty 
New York sugar crowd was sweet, but a change 
was a "viper" and a "cormorant" and the 
of the riders helps out the saddle and the 
horse, too, sometimes goes faster, and is surer 
of foot, 

23rd. Crops look good now and the abundance 
of com and prospect of hay on most planta- 
tins is inspiring. The fortunes that have gone 
west for feed and sow belley since the war 
would buy the south many times over. Bpt 
still the name of the animal we call a hog is 
in more or less contempt. He is allowed to 
enter society first by the name of pig, so as 
to be less offensive, probably, but in the end 



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[Vol. illii. No. 2 



lie grows to be a hog and of him let us say : 

The mighty Hog, 
A prince, though not of Wales. 
We take him heads and hocks and tails. 

24th. The boll weevil is after the cotton 
man and the cotton man is on his track with 
paris green. The different farmer in every 
neighborhod will have a crop, but the slothful 
one will not. He will only have a voice — a 
voice us usual of la mental ton. 

25th. Showers to-day may come to lay the 
dost and help the fat man over the road with 
a little fresh air. 

26th. Good roads is the thing and Governor 
Sanders has the call. The man with weak 
teams is most benefited, while all join in receiv- 
ing great benefit and the automobile man 
laughs. 

27th. The missionary worK in converting ^ . / 
the heathen Chinese sags and droops. The 
occupation of many well meaning people will 
be broken into and the humbug and rottenness 
of some parts of it exposed to view. When 
Americans learn that every foreigner hates 
them, it will be the beginning of wisdom and 
the end of many mistakes. 

28th. Too hot for prize fighters. Even base 
ball. The heroes of both professions lie back 
in the shade at the end of a straw and with 
that straw pump lemonade with a stick in the 
glass, which being interpreted means a dash 
of good whiskey — only to take the chill off of 
the ice, of course. 

29th. The scene is serene and the girls 
beautiful. They, with the boys all back from 
•college, and such a time at fishfrys and picnics 
— ^whilst he in the *iean and slippered pan- 
teloon" of Ilia days cnn only sin^, *'0h bring me 
l)ack one goldeu hour," or similar observa- 
tions. 

30th. Hot stuff is the season now and the 
wind mill busint^ss would be a taking job for 
all. 

31st. The last day of the month. Study 

thy finances and see if they will stand a cheap 

excursion to Colorado Springs or Buffalo — take 

thee thy good wife and the girls and get aboard. 

Hiram Hawkins. 



Oemerara Plantation Scenes and Char- 
acters—A Nis^ht Watch in a Sus^ar 
Factory. 

In a liberal measure of comparison, a sugar 
estate is like a ship, in so far that it is sep- 
arate, self-contained and complete in itself; 
and as a different atmosphere prevades every 
ship, so likewise there are no two sugar es- 
tates alike in the colony in the impressions 
thev create at fir^t acquaintance, or after- 
wards, for that matter. A sugar estate is a 
little kingdom, between the narrow compass 
of whose side-line dams, in one direction, and 
whose back-dam and water frontage, in an- 
other direction, men — yes, and women, too — 
lead their lives, work out their destinies, enjoy 
their pleasures, endure their afflictions, foster 
their ambitions, formulate their schemes and 
nurse their hatreds and jealousies, of which 
two last named there are not a few evidenced, 
to say nought of a possible larger number con- 
cealed. And "our estate," to which the reader 
is now introduced in this rough and ready 
fashion, is not one with worse or better in the 
existence of joys and jealousies than the neigh- 
boring plantations, though differing certainly 
from them and from all others with that name- 
less and indescribable difference previously al- 
luded to, possessed by and peculiar to every 
sugar estate in the colony when compared with 
its neighbors. 

what's in a name? 

For the intention of this article, it is not 
requisite to name "our estate," nor is it es- 
sential to explain whether or not **our estate" 
is one of the many fronting the sea, whose 
length runs, roughly, north and south, or 
whether it is a river-side plantation running 
east and west or thereabouts, from back-dam 
to frontage. Let "our estate" suffice for a 
name, and so far as its locality is concerned, 
pray leave that entirely outside of considera- 
tion. Let it be understood, believed or even 
merely imagined that "our estate" is no estate 



in particular, possesses no special location, no 
latitude, no longitude, no susceptibilities to be 
pained or offended, no heart to feel, no corns 
to be trod upon, no reputation to be damaged, 
no parts, no magnitude, something or some- 
where as invisible and as Euclid's definition of 
the mystic point and yet as actual ; but withal 
our estate affects to be every estate, save and 
except for an inexplicable distinction peculiar 
to itself, the inexpre&sible difference previously 
referred to, shared by no two plantations in 
common. It is typical of all estates, but iden- 
tical with none, which is our bottommost 
thought in this particular trend, 

THE INEVITABLE CABBAGE PALMS. 

**Our estate," like many others, has tall 
cabbage palms clustering around its dwelling 
houses and standing in a double row along the 
roadway. Planted long years ago, these rigid 
sentinels have witnessed many changes in the 
evolution of "our estate.* They have seen the 
Dutch methods and Dutch customs fall into 
gradual neglect, subsequent disuse and final 
oblivion ; they have seen the wooden point- 
beams of the old wind mill rot and fall away ; 
they have seen the crumbling of the mortar in 
the old brick tower on which the wind mill 
whirled "in ye olden time," until one day 
there came a gang of sacrilegious wreckers, 
who tore the bricks of the old mill tower out 
of the rotten mortar for insertion in some mod- 
ern structure; they have seen the old-time 
meeass logics, with their attendant sordid 
romances, gay festivities and delightful scan- 
dals, blotted out of being; they have seen 
steam-driven mills, pumps and other puffing, 
whirling, plunging things replace the old horse 
roundabout, whose brick circle-way, xx^pi^^? 
out of the soil in patches in the building's yard, 
only now remains; they have seen infant turn 
to boy and youth to man and black hair moult 
to silver — all these things and more have these 
rows of palm trees witnessed, whose live limbs 
wave as if in exultation of robust age in the 
steady trade winds, while the dead ones crackle 
stiffly as they pendulate against the hard, un- 
yielding tree stems. Over us they stand, 
gaunt and ghostly in the night, as we pass 
towards the factory, which a hundred yards off 
shows its scores of twinkling lights, like some 
great ocean liner with her lighting plant run- 
ning full tilt ahead, its glory and glare blazing 
over decks and flashing through a hundred port 
holes and skylights, and the interior pulsating 
with the rhythmical throb of engines; while 
far away up in the night the tall chimney is- 
sues its dark-hued ribbon-like band of smoke, 
which the night wind stretches in the form of 
a long smear across the starry sky. Towards 
the constellation of factory lamps which in- 
tensify the exterior darKness, towards the 
babel of noises which contrasts the surround- 
ing stillness of the countr>'. towards the taper- 
ing, smoking smokestack we wend our way, 
until we pass out of the reign of night and 
gloom and enter the area of glare and bustle 
and jumble of sounds and movements. 

THE MILL DOCK. 

In the mill dock at the rear of the factory 
cane punts slowly glide in silent procession 
into the circle of light at the foot of the travel- 
ing platform, technically called the carrier; 
and as a punt is discharged of its freight of 
canes, it drifts out into the night beyond the 
range of the fitful lamp-glow and dancing 
shadows. On a plot of Bahama grass, fringed 
with black sage bushes, near the mill dock, a 
patch of lamp-light is cast through an aper- 
ture in the wall of the factory, and in this 
area of light queer shadows move, all maenificd 
and distorted — shadows of bobbing heads and 
wielding arms, shadows of turning wheel spokes 
and shadows of plunging parts of machinery. 
From far up the estate's middle walk there 
comes the shrill, distant, piping cry of some 
indefatigable mule-boy, his long whip cracking 
out in the night air like so many pistol shots, 
as he urges his mule to haul home a closely- 
coupled train of laden cane punts. Inside the 
factory, loud above the mixture of noises, there 
rise the changeful moaning and wailing of the 
cane mill, as into its remorseless iron jaws the 
canes stream upon their endless carrier from 
the mill dock, all this to the spattering, splash- 
ing, trickling noise of the expressed juice fall- 
ing into its receptacle underneath the cane 



mill. Hard by the mill is the sulphur box, 
through which the frothy juice runs, tended 
by swarthy, tireless, half-^lad, impish boys, to 
whose shiny, sticky skins scraps of megass au- 
here in speckly accumulation. And then with 
monster, gr^^dy gulpings a thirsty liquor- 
pump drinks up the sulphured juice and 
vomits it into an iron heater in the clarifier 
loft. In every direction there are noises and 
turmoil, and now and then from some distant 
part of the factory a worker utters a weird, 
plaintive cry, some coolie may be, whose sharp, 
trained eye detects sediment from the clarifier 
tanks running to the eliminator, instead of 
towards its rightful destination, the filter 
presses. 

THE VACUUM PANS. 

On the triple loft the overseer on night 
watch stands, like a ship's officer on the flying 
bridge, with feet astride, hands gripping, bal- 
ustrade, eyes closed, sleeping in fact, or, if 
not, thinking very hard. Behind the huge 
wood-cased triple effect which boils the juice 
to the density of syrup are the vacuum pans, 
with a oautious, prying pan-boiler tending 
each. At one time he drives his proof-stick in- 
to his pan, and with a convulsive twirl of the 
wrist he keeps it inserted for a moment; then 
withdrawing it he lets it dnp and, making a 
syrupy film between his thumb and first fin- 
ger, he peers at it intently in fear and tremb- 
ling for signs of the much-dreaded false gran- 
ulation, whose appearance any day may spoil 
his reputation for care and competence. Not 
satisfied, he plunges his proof -stick home again, 
and, obtaining another sample, he trickles it 
on a pane of glass and squints through it as 
he holds the pane against a nearby lamp, still 
on the lookout for the hateful false or inter- 
mediate grain to form in the surrounding 
liquid, and then reassuring himself with an 
interval of a few moments, the wide-awake, 
alert fellow boils his pan to striking pitch, 
off and on peering through the plate-glass 
peep-hole against which the splashing, boiling 
contents spit spitefully, and regulating bis 
vacuum pump meanwhile. He is a fine, capa- 
ble fellow, the Demerara pan-boiler, if he may 
be called a Demerara man in the face of the 
fact that he hies off to Trinidad and else- 
where when grinding season is over in British 
Guiana. 

ROME IMPBESSIONS. 

Let us stand on the triple loft and from this 
vantage point take impressions of the busy 
scene around us. Sweating coolies are sweep- 
ing the scum-charged foam of the boiling elim- 
inators with oar-like wooden blades, feathering 
them like the best of oarsmen. In the neigh- 
boring boiler shed are the huge furnaces and 
wall-cased boilers, from which latter long as- 
bestos-clad steam pipes creep side by side into 
the factory like huge white serpents. Near 
by us there is the hoarse, labored breathing of 
a back-pressure steam vent, and the frantic 
clatter of centrifugals reaches us from the 
other end of the factory. All of a sudden one 
of the furnace doors under the boiler shed is 
thrown open, revealing the miniature raging 
inferno within, from which a lurid glow is cast 
over the grim stokers, causing them to look 
downright develish. With a mighty bang the 
iron door is closed, the fire-glow is cut off as 
suddenly as it had streamed out into the nieht, 
and darkness prevails again in the open space 
between the boiler shed and the factory. On 
every hand there are action and sound. At one 
point power is transmitted by pulley wheels 
with simple belts; not far off power is trans- 
ferred by a crossed belt ; over yonder spur- 
geared wheels are running; there are, too, 
wheels with bevelled gearing; and kingly 
among them all is the giant fly-wheel, whose 
flying spokes are now invisible because of the 
speed with which they flash round and round. 
And so the hours pass away, until from the 
clarifier loft the day s work is rung off by the 
clarifier *'bo8s" beating a section of piping 
with a bit of iron, the noises in the factory 
gradually subside, the cane-carrier moves up- 
ward, the rollers rattle and run freely instead 
of crying and straining, and in a short while 
the machinery stops, lights die out here and 
there, and a dead silence and gloom fall upon 
the brilliantly lighted and noLsesome factory of 
an hour before. 

{To he Continued,) 



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31 



July 9tK. 



WEEKLY MARKET REPORT. 



1909. 



SUGAR. 



Glarifibd— 

W» Test 

Plttntaiion Granulated. 

Ghoioe White 

Off White 

Choice Yellow 

Prime Yellow 

OflYeUow 

deoonda 



Julys 



Julys 



Opbn Kbttlb Cbntrifuoal. 
Old PR0CB88 Open Kbttlb. 

MOLASSES. 

3pbn Kbttlb Cbntrifuoal 
3ld PR0CB88 Opbn Kbttlb 
Cbntrifuoal 



CANE SYRUP. 






m 

I 

^ 



July 6 



Nominal 

- ® - 

None 

- @ - 
Nominal 

None 



July 7 



- @S92 

- @ - 

4Ji®4A 

4 @4>i 
8tt®4 

None 

- (S - 

None 

- @ - 
Nominal 

None 



July 8 



- @892 

- ® - 

4>i®4A 
4A@4A 

4 @4k 
2k(38^ 

Nominal 

- (S - 

None 

- ® - 
Nominal 

None 



July 9 



tMMlif LattTrar 



Nominal 
- ® - 

Nominal 

-@ - 

None 

None 



-®^A 

- ® - 
-® - 

- 8 - 

iA@4H 

4 @4)^ 



None 
- @ - 
Nominal 

None 



Tom tf ■«*•!■! 

ClMt tf WttiL 



Qaiet. 



Nominal. 



Nominal. 



OTHHA Mi^RKBTfi. 



Nbw York: 

CentrifugalSj^o 

MuBCoradOy 89^ 

Molaaaes Sugars, 89^ 

Oranulated 

Standard A 

London: 

Jara, No. 16 D. 8 

A. andG. Beet 

Cabea 

XXXX Powdered 

Standard Powdered 

Fruit Powdered 

Coarse Powdered 

Standard Fine Granulated 
Standard Fine Granulated 

ia lee-lb. Meks in balk.. . 
Confeotioners Candy A 



4 



n 

I 



— @S 92 



@4 75 
®4 60 



lis. 4^d. 
lOs. 5>^d. 



- ®3 92 

- @ - 

- ® - 

- @4 75 

- ®4 60 



lis. 4>iid. 
iOs. 5>id. 



" @3 92 

- @ - 

- ® - 

- ®4 76 

- ®4 60 



lis. 4>^d. 
IOs. 5)^d. 



- ®3 92 

- @ - 

- ® - 

- ®4 75 

- ®4 60 



lis. i^id. 
IOs. 53^d. 



- ®4 39 

- ® - 

- ® - 

- ®5 80 

- ®5 15 



12b. 4^d. 
lis. 6^d. 



Raws— Just a 
■bade firmer, 
buyers sbow- 
iag more in- 
terest. 

RSFINSD— 

Quiet. 



CANS— Quiet 
and steady. 

Bbbt— Steady; 
fully main- 
tained. 



ISEJVV^ ORLrBi^IVfi RBFfllSBO. 



- @5 06 

-@4 90 

- @4 90 
-@4 90 

- @4 80 


- @5 05 

- @4 95 
-@4 90 
-@4 90 

- @4 90 

- @4 80 


— @4 80 
-@4 80 


- ®4 80 
-@4 80 



®5 05 
@4 95 
@4 90 
@4 90 
®4 90 
@4 80 

@4 80 
@4 80 



@6 06 
@4 95 
@4 90 
@4 90 
@4 90 
@4 80 


@4 80 

@4 80 



- ®5 05 

- @4 95 

- @4 90 

- ®4 90 

- ®4 90 

- @4 80 

- «4 80 

- ®4 80 



- ®6 05 

- ®4 95 

- @4 90 

- @4 90 

- ®4 90 

- @4 80 

~ ®4 80 

- ®4S0 



@6 60 
®5 50 
@5 45 
@5 45 
®5 45 



@5 35 
®5 35 



steady. 
Qoodd 



demand. 



STOCKS. 

At four ports in the United States to June 30, 1909 371 .318 Tons 

At four perts of Great Britain to June 1,1909 98,000 " 

At Cuba, six porta to June 29, 1909 204,000 " 



.Recel^s and Sales at New Oriasns.for the week ending July 9, t909. 

' S\sgar « Molaaaoa 

Hhds. Barrels. Barrels. 

•Heoeired - 10,551 2,414 

gold — 11,951 2,414 



Receipts and sales at New Orteaas inm Sept. 1. 1908. te July 9, 1909. 

^-— —--Sxiiar -^ Molaaa«s 

Hhds. Barrels. Barrels 

Reoeired — 1,708,658 265,696 

Sold - 1,662,928 265,296 

Reoeired same time last year .... — 1,841,246 247,700 



RICE. 

ROUGH, per bbl. 
Honduras 



Japan . 



CLEAN, per lb. 
Honduras: 

Head. 

Straighte... 
Soreenings . 
No. 2 



Japan: 

Head 

Straighte... 
Soreenings . 
No. 2 



Bran, per ton . . 
POLiBH, per ton. 



July 3 



o 

CD 

<6 



O 

P 



July 6 



o 



July 6 



Nominal 
Nominal 



4^@6>i 
2 @ - 

3^ @3?i 

Vi®2H 
2 @ — 

19 50@21 00 
27 00(^28 00 



July 7 



Nominal 
Nominal 



4^@6>ii 

SH®^H 
2H%2% 
2 @ - 



3 @3^ 
- @ - 
2H&2H 
2 @ — 

19 50@21 00 
27 00@28 00 



July 8 



Nominal 
Nominal 



4^@6« 

3^ 

2^ 
2 

3 ®3^ 

- @ - 
2H@2}i 
2 @ - 

19 50@21 00 
27 00@28 00 



July 9 



Nominal 
Nominal 



3^@4>i 
2^@2H 
2 @ - 

8 ®SH 
- ® - 
2H@2^ 
2 @ - 

19 50@21 00 
27 00@28 00 



Same Day 
Last Year 



3 50@4 50 
2 75@4 25 



4><@6>^ 
33i@4« 

2h@3H 
2yA®2H 

3>i@45i 
- @ - 
2H@B^ 

2H®2H 

17 50®21 50 
26 50@29 00 



Ton J of Market 
at close of week 



Hondnras- 
Nomlnal. 



Japan— 

Nominal. 



Honduras- Firm. 



Japan- Firm. 



ftooi»fpU thus Car this week 

Beoelptsthiister this season 

Hecelpts daring 9ame time last year. 



R.eo*ipta SLnd SsLlea a^t N«w^ Orlaana. 

Backs Rouffh. Pockets of Olean, 
1,291 11,076 
..... 1,2>9,7»5 880,061 
1.179,164 609.154 



S^ks Rouffb. Peckeu of OleiD 

Bales thus this Week (laola<Mng millers' receipts). 1,076 4,866 

Bales thus fiar this Heason, 1,191.063 1.014,^26 

Bales durioff same time Ijast Year 1,106,761 1.105.(63 



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33 



H; THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER, 



t\roi. xlMl, No. 2 



WANTS 



We will publish in this column free of charge 
until further notice, the applications of all man- 
agers, orerseers, chemists, sugar- makers and oth- 
ers who may be seeking positions, and also the 
wants of planters and sugar manufacturers de- 
siring to enn>loy any of these. 

These advertisements will be inserted until 
they are pushed out at the bottom of the column 
by the influx of new adTertisements at the top. 
Any advertiser may have his advertisement re- 
inserted anew, however, if he will write it out 
again and send it in to us. 

We cannot undertake to forward by mail replies 
to the advertisements in this column, even though 
postage be supplied, and, to secure publication in 
the issue of the succeeding Saturday, they must 
reach us not later than Thursday morning of 
each week. 



HELP WANTED. 



ONE assistant engineer, one clarlfler man, one 
head centrifugal man, who can bring four good 
centrifugal men with him. Address Lafyette 
Sugar Kep. Co., Lafayette, La. 7-7-09 

CHEMISTS — ^Two experienced chemists — those 
accustomed to sugar house work and taking hourly 
tests through all stages — day and night. Must be 
sober and industrious — and speaking knowledge of 
Spanish desirable. Address with references, ex- 
prience, salary expected, etc., Pbaibib^ care Lou- 
isiana Planteb. 7-7-0^ 



CliARIFIESR — Two experienced clariflers, must 
be sober, industrious and have a speaking knowl- 
edge of Spanish. Address with references, ex- 
perience, salary expected, etc., Pbaibie. . care 
Louisiana Planteb. 7-7-09 

LIQUOR RUNNER— An experienced sugar re- 
finery man, accustomed to bone black work. 
Must be sober and industrious. A speaking 
knowledge of Spanish desirable. Address with 
references, experience, salary expected, etc., Pbai- 
bie, care Louisiana Planteb. 7-7-09 

LflLLIE. triple and quadruple effect operator, 
centrifugal man, with experience. Must be sober 
and industrious, with a speaking knowledge of 
Spanish. Address with references, salary ex- 
pected, etc., Pbaibie, care Louisiana Planteb. 

7-7-09 



SUGAR HOUSE engineer and assistant. Must 
be thoroughly competent, sober and industrious, 
not afraid .6f work. Address with reference, 
salary expected, and other information, Pbaibie, 
care of ItOUISIana Planteb. 7-7-09 



WANTED — A young man, ambitious, careful 
and experienced, in a large sugar refinery in 
New York or New Orleans, capable of taking 
charge of a 400 barrel house. Address in con- 
fidence with full particulars, Cosmos, care of 
Louisiana Plantbh. 7-7-09 



SUPERINTENDENT FOiR MEXICO— One ac- 
customed to control of help; systematic discip- 
linarian. Knowledge of and speaking Spanish 
necessary. Capable of exercising chemical con- 
trol and economical manager of labor, etc. Must 
be sober, industrious and hard worker. Borne 
experience in real refining desirable. Address 
with references, experience, salary expected and 
other particulars, Pbaibie. . care Louisiana 
Planteb. 7-7-09 



SUGAR B0FLE7RS FOR MEXICO — Sober in- 
dustrious, close boiler. Head and assistant want- 
ed. Speaking knowledge of Spanish desirable. 
Address with references, experience, salary ex- 
pected, Pbaibie, care Louisiana Planteb. 7-7-09 



TWO sugar boilers for Cuba. Apply with ref- 
erence. L. J. S. 2829 Bell St., New Orleans. >La. 

6-80-09 



WANTED Sugar house engineer for 500 tons 
factory in Porto Rico, to make repairs and al- 
terations, and take off crop. Apply stating age, 
experience, references and salary expectations. 
£jiowledge of Spanish desirable, but not essen- 
tial. Some knowledge of draughting is also de- 
sirable. Must be available about Sept. 1. Apply 
to Post Ofllce Box No. 1 — ^Patillas, Porto Rico. 

6-30-09. 



O^E compstent chemist with cane sxperlence. 
Must thoroughly understand chemical control. Three 
assistant chemists. Wanted for the coming Louisi- 
ana crop. F. P. Brbeikm AK, 7629 St. Charles Ave., 
New O rleans. 6-254)9 . 



CHEMIST, for Mexico. Applicants please state 
college training and practical experience. Also sal- 
ary expected. Must report Dec. Ist. Address Quil- 
LER, care of The Louisiana Planter. 6-17-00 



ERECTING engineers for Pratt Imperial sngar 
mill machinery ; most be capable machinists with 
experience both in shops and in the field. Ad- 
dress with references Pbatt Bnginbebino ft Ma- 
CHINB Co., Atanta, Qa. 6-9-09 



A MAN to sell sngar-honse paints and mill snp- 

8 lies. Must have acquaintance and experience. Ad- 
ress Paints, care of the Louisiana Planntsk. 
S89 Carondelet St, New Orleans. 5-6-09 



SUGAR BOILER for coming season. Plant tin> 
million capacity. References especially as to qnal- 
It/ of sugar and extraction. Thorough knowledge 
of clarification. Address P. O. Box 146, Whlte- 
casile. La. 5-4-09 



SITUATION WANTED. 



EDUCATE>D, reliable and industrious young 
man of 24, graduate of an agricultural schooH 
has been employed as agent and manager of 
farms, and as private secretary, had also ex- 
perience in crops and stock management, sur- 
veying and chemistry, seeks position with a 
trustworthy firm or party. Willing to start 
moderately. Unquestionable references and rec- 
ommendfitions. Avldress, S. S. F, PostofDce Sta- 
tion B., New York. 7-9-09 



CHEMIST of experience in Cuba and Louisiana 
desires position in Cuba or Porto Rico for coming 
season. References furnished. Address 1611 
Ursulines Street, New Orleans. 7-9-09 



A SUGAR boiler of tiaany years' experience in 
Bohemia, Michigan, and Cuba is open for engage- 
ment for coming tropical season. B^t of references 
furnished. Address 1611 Ursulines street. New 
Orleans. 7-7-09 



AN experienced chemist and sugar boiler is 
open for an engagement in tropics. Has had ex- 
perience with Deming System of clarification and 
crystalllzers. Best of references. Address Chem- 
ist, 2227 Chestnut street, New Orleans, La. 7-7-09 



POSITION wanted by first class double effect 
man. Can furnish best of references. Address P. 
L. P., Box 59, Houma, La. 7-7-09 



WANTED — Position as ofllce or store manager, 
cashier or time keeper ; city or plantation in any 
country. Biarrled man ; thoroughly famllliar with 
every office detail and systematislng office work. 
Held highly responsible offices for years ; consid- 
erable experience on sugar estates in Hawaii and 
Cuba ; just now finishing special auviiting ac- 
counts of large paintation in Mexico. Accepts 
moderate salary if quick increase follows. Sat- 
isfaction given. Address B. J. S., P. O. Box 
1604. Boston, Mass 7-7-09 



POSITION wanted for the coming campaign sea- 
son in Cuba, Porto Rico, of the Hawaiian Islands 
by an able and thoroughly competent sugar maker, 
with 16 years practical experience In some of the 
largest modern sugar factories in Louisiana, Mex- 
ico, and Tropical countries. I am thoroughly fa- 
miliar with the handling of crystallisers of all 
types, and am an expert on clarlficatiion of Juices 
for any grade of sugar. I speak Spanish, French 
and English. Strictly sober and reliable. Can 
furnish best of references. Address Sugab Ex- 
PEBT. 156 North Main St, Asheville, North 
Carolina. 7-6-09 



WANTEID a position as sugar boiler or chief 
engineer in Porto Rico, Cuba, Mexico, or Central 
America. References A.1. Address Suqab Boilbb. 
1721 Euterpe street. New Orleans, La. 7-6-09 



POSITION by a first class sugar maker, one 
who has had charge of one of the largest houses 
In the state for the last 15 years. References. 
Address 1244 Annunciation street, New Orleans, 
La. 7-6-09 



WANTED position in public school in country, 
or to teach English, French and Music in private 
family. Address Mas. Zob Wabbbn Pobteb, Tu- 
lane University, New Orleans, La., W. S. P. O., 
SUtion 20 7-5-09 

PLACE as cooper, making sugar barrels. P. M. 
Settqast, 726 St. Peter St., New Orleans, 7-8-09 



POSITION as sugar boiler for coming crop. 
Have had many years of experience; understand 
clarification. Can furnish best of references. Ad- 
dress Suqab Boilbb^ Box 106, DonaldsonvUle, 
La. 7-8-09 



BY a first class carpenter. Strictly sober; 
man of family ; wants a position on plantation ; 
wages no object ; twelve years on plantation as 
carpenter ; sugar dryer on any machine ; water 
tender ; or assistant engineer. Age 85 years. 
R. Alonzo^ care Vacherie Cypress Co., St. Patrick, 
La. 7-3-09 



BY a practical sugar and svrup maker with 
thorough knowledge oz clarification. Best of ref- 
erences furnished. Address A. R., 918 Louisa St., 
New Orleans, La . 7-8-09 

A Chemist, graduate, with 9 years experience 
as chief chemist in United States and Tropics, 
wants position as chemist or assistant in cane 
or beet sugar factory in the United -States or 
other country. Speaks Spanish. Best references. 
Address Chemist, 8844 N. Carlisle St., Philadel- 
phia, Pa. 7-1-09 



POSITION by a young married man as book- 
keeper, assistant bookkeeper, clerk in plantation 
store, grocery store, commissary or time clerk at 
saw mill. Fine in figures and very good with 
pen. I do not drink Intoxlcatina liquors. Grad- 
uate In bookkeeping In Goodyear-Marshall system. 
Will go anywhere. Salary no object. Address 
Hiram LaRue, Lovelady, Texas. 7-2-09 

AN experienced cane factory superintendent 
and chief sugar boiler with 22 years experience, 
from a laboratory boy up, desires to contract 
with some large tropical sugar manufacturing com- 
pany as superintendent or chief sugar maker. 
Thoroughly understands working low grade su- 
gars and obtain good results. Best references. 
Address P. O. Box 168, Hamilton City, Califor- 
nia. 7-1-09 



POSITION as assistant sugar boiler. Refer- 
ences furnished. Address Louis Khal, 930 Con- 
gress St., New Orleans, La. 7-2-09 



YOUNG man wants a position as bookkeeper 
and stenographer. Have had two months experi- 
ence a<3 bookkeeper and stenographer. At present 
employed but desires a change. H. A. Monsello. 
Maryland. Tenn. 6-29-09 



POSITION as water tender for this coming 
grinding season. Can furnish A.I references. 
Bight years experience, and also understand oil 
burning thoroughly. Strictly sober and steady. 
Bmlle L. Rodrlgue, DonaldsonvUle, La. 6.29-09 



BY a former Louisiana young man, 20 years 
of age, who has been in Texas taking a business 
course, position such as assistant bookkeeper, su- 
gar or cane weigher, for this coming season. Can 
write fair hand. Address 407 Capitol Avenae, 
Houston, Texas. 6-29-09 



AN experienced electrician wants position in 
the country to take charge of plant Dynamo 
work a specialty. Address Gayle 'Schneidau, 
1468 Nashville Ave., New Orleans, La.. 6-29-09 



CHEMIST and sugarhonse <nperlnten<lent with 17 

{rears ofpractlcal experience In Louisiana and Cuba 
8 open for a position for the comlna crop in Cuba or 
Porto Rico. Best of references. Addrets P. O. Box 
175, New Orleans, La. 6-2409 



BY stenographer, five years experience rail- 
roading, contracting, aad brokerage lines. Ref- 
erences. Address L. B., 2006 Peters Aventio, 
New Orleans. 6-18 09 



FOR SALE. 



A Fairbanks Dipper Dredge. 

18x70 boat with baak spuds, one yard 
dipper, 40-ft. boom and 24-ft. dipper han- 
dle. Complete and ready to dig. Also 
houseboat. 

OAK LAWN SU6AR COMPANY, LTD., 

Irish Bend, La. 



10.000 ACRB8 * of the richest and 
best sugar cane land in Cnba, 40 milesnorthwest 
of Santiago, in the Canto Vallev, which Is known 
to be the cream of Cuba. Railroad passes over 
comer of the land. Price $10 per acre, one-thIM 
cash to pay a mortgage, the rest on terms to suit 
the buyer. This land will be worth several hun- 
dred dollars per acre In a few years. Address 
A. L., this i)aper. 



To Whom It May Concern. 

The Fisher Distributing Bagasse Burn- 
ers, and Fisher Patent Hollow Blast Bars 
are fully protected by Letters Patent 
throughout the United States, Porto Rico, 
Cuba, Mexico, and other foreign sugar 
countries, and any infringement on these 
burners, or bars, or any part thereof 
will be vigorously prosecuted. 

FISHER BA6ASSE FURNACE CO., LM.. 

913 Girod St.. NEW ORLCAN8 



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The Louisiana Planter 

and Sugar Manufacturer 

A Weekly Newspaper Devoted to the Susrar, Rice and Other Agricultural Industries of Louisiana 



Vol. XXXXIII. 



NEW ORLEANS, JULY 17, 1909. 



No. 3. 



The Louisiana Planter 

— AND— 

Sugar Manufacturer 

OFFICIAL 0B6AN OF THB 
Louisiana Sugar Pulmtsbs' Association, 

AMEBICAM CAMB GBOWEOS' ASS0C1ATIU^, 

Ascension Branch Sugab Planters' Association. 
Louisiana Sugar Chemists' Association* 
Kansas Sugar Growers' Association, 
Texas Sugar Planters' Association, 
Interstate Cane Growers' Association, 
The Assumption Agricultural and Industrial 
Association. 



Pabttshed st New Orlcwis, La.> every Scturdny Mornlnc 

BT THB 

LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR 

MANUFACTURER CO. 

Deroted to Lonlsiana Anicaltare In general, and 

to the Sugar Industry In particular, and in all 

its branches. Agricultural, Mechanical, 

Chemical, Poliucal and Commercial. 



The Cane Crop. 

Extremely ihigh temperatures have pre- 
vailed durin-g the past week and there has 
been in general an absence of the rainfall 
which retarded the laying by of the crop to 
such an extent the first part of the month. 
Work has 'been actively pushed and the 
final cultivation has now ibeen given to the 
canes almost everywhere throughout the 
sugar district and in some places rain is 
desired to push the growth ahead. The 
very hot iweather has been ibeneficial to the 
crop and the outlook seems promising every- 
where. 



■DITOBIAL C0BF8. 

W. C. 8TUBBS, Ph. D. W. J. THOMPSON. 

W. W. PUGH. JOHN DYMOND. 



Entered at the Postofflce at New Orleans as 
second-date mail matter, July 7, 1888. 

PER ANNUM 

Terms of Subscription (including postage) . . .|3.0(' 
Foreign Subscription 4.00 

ADYBRTISINQ BATES. 



Space 


1 month 


8 month 


• month 


12 month 


1 inch 


$600 
060 
14 60 
10 00 
28 6(K 
28 00 
82 60 
86 00 
88 00 
40 00 
00 00 
100 00 


$12 60 
24 00 
8t20 
47 60 
68 76 
70 00 
81 16 
00 00 
06 00 
100 00 
160 00 
260 00 


$18 76 
80 00 
64 40 
7126 
88 16 
106 00 
12176 
186 00 
142 60 
160 00 
226 00 
400 00 


$ 26 00 


2inch 


48 00 


8 Inch 


72 60 


4 Inch 


85 00 


51noh 

6 inch 


117 50 
140 00 


7 inch 


162 60 


g Inch 


180 00 


Inch 


100 00 


10 inch 


200 00 


Half Page 

FuU Page 


800 00 
600 00 



AH communications should be addressed ts The 
Louisiana I*la.nteb, 889 Carondelet street. New 
Orleans, La. 



LIST OF OBQANIZBBS. 



McCall Bbothebs, 
McCali. & Legemdbv, 
Leon Oodchaux^ 
James Telleb, 
B. Lemann & Bbo.» 
Leomcb Somiat, 
Louis Bush, 
W. B. Bbickell, 
W. C. Stubbs, 
John Dymond, 
Daniel Thompsoh, 
Foos & Babnett, 
H. C. Wabmoth, 
Lucius Fobstth, Jb., 
Edwabd J. Gat, 
Shattuck a Hoffmah, 
Bmiub Rost, 
Thomas D. Miixbb, 
Schmidt & Zieoi.bb, 
T. G. McLaubt, 
L. S. Clabk, 
J. B. Lrvbbt, 
Simpson Hobnob, 
W. B. Bloomfieid, 

W. W. SUTCLIF>«, 

John S. Moobe, 
Jamks C. Mubpht, 
Jos. Webbs, 



R. Bbi/tban, 
Lucien Soniat, 

D. R. Caldeb, 
L. A. Ellis, 
Hebo & Malhiot, 
W. J. Brhan, 

J. T. MooBi^ Jb., 
Bdwabds & Haubtman, 
John A. Mobbis, 
B. H. Cunningham, 

B. VlTBKBO, 
H. C. MiNOB, 

C. M. SOBIA, 

J. li. Habbis, 
j. h. mubphy, 
Andbbw Pbicb, 

E. & J. KocK, 
Wm. Gabig, 
Adolph Mbteb» 
A. A. Woods, 
Bbadish Johnson, 
Qeoboe p. Andebton, 

A. L. MONNOT, 
RICHABD MiLLIKEir. 

W. p. Miles, 
Lezin a. Becnei* r 
J. N. Phark, 
Jules J. Jacob. 



Charbon in Southwest Louisiana. 

The disquieting news items that appear 
from day to day indicate the continuing of 
I the outbreak of charhon in Southiwest Lou- 
; isiana and it is a very serious matter. The 
I investigations that it was proposed to make 
from Washington and such inyestigations as 
our own State Ebcperlment Station corps 
'could undertake, apparently have here an 
I excellent opportunity to develop soome well 
founded conclusions in regard to this dread- 
ful disease that is reported now to toe de- 
stroying so many animals in Southwestern 
Louisiana and froan which there has already 
occurred the death of one man and two 
others have been Infected. It is all very 
well for the doctors of veterinary science to 
give advice, just as it is for doctors of the- 
ology to do the same thing. Good advice 
will ibe perfectly fruitless unless It is ac- 
companied with some such evidences as 
settled the yellow fever problem in Havana. 
General Gorgas has applied the Havana data 
to Panama and practically revolutionized 
health conditions throughout the entire 
American zone there . 

In some parts of Louisiana an outbreak of 
charbon seems Imminent every season, ibut 
sometimes it comes, and frequently it does 
not come. It seems to come "when there is a 
scarcity of dry forage and when animals are 
led to graze more closely to the ground than 
usual, thus apparently substantiating, but 
not demonstrating, the accuracy of Pasteur's 
hypothesis that the spores of charbon would 
survive Indefinitely long near the ground 
line and might Infect animals at any time. 

The news now comes from Cameron Parlsn 
that many cattle are dying there, and Cam- 
eron Is the chief cattle producing parish of 
the state. Louisiana should be an immense 
producer of livestock. We are now spend- 
ing fortunes In endeavoring to extirpate 



grass from our cane, corn, cotton and rice 
fields and yet the farmers of Holland and 
Denmark make their fortunes out of the 
grasses grown in their own lands by pro- 
ducing and fattening icattle and sending 
meats and dairy products to all parts of the 
world. If, when there Is an outbreak of 
charbon, or anthrax, our scientists content 
themselves with giving us good advice, and 
demonstrating nothing, we shall be very 
slow Indeed to progress In better 
knowledge of the origin and progress of 
chailbon, or anthrax. Now that the disease 
Is In the field, we believe that every re- 
source possible of our U. S. Department of 
Agriculture and of our State Experiment 
Station should 'be utilized for the purpose 
of learning far more than we now know 
about the progress of this disease. In our 
consideration of it we have no data of Im- 
portance that has been secured In this gen- 
eration. Our remedial practices and pre- 
ventive conditions belong to a former epoch 
and it Is unfortunate for the reputation of 
our scientific institutions that so little has 
thus far been learned about It. Yellow fe- 
ver, malarial fever and typhoid fever In 
mankind have been brought down to date 
by the earnest studies of our leading medi- 
cal and engineering sanitarians, and yet 
this great stock disease that has been the 
bane of the whole civilized world for hun- 
dreds of years we know comparatively little 
about and are taught to believe in regard to 
it what was taught to our forefathers a gen- 
eration or more ago. We have some rea- 
sons for believing that the old hypotheses 
are all wrong and believe that any way they 
should ibe confirmed by continued experimen- 
tation, and not reiterated in the usual per- 
functory manner, as though the reiteration 
of any statement by a professional scientist 
should carry conviction with It. Such reit- 
erations do not carry conviction and we shall 
hope for better things although our hopes 
thus far have been in vain. 



Let Us Defend Our Levee System. 

It is understood that at the coming Water, 
ways Convention in New Orleans an effort 
will be made to adopt resolutions to the ef- 
fect that the U. S. Government, through the 
Mississippi River Commission, shall no lon- 
ger construct levees to protect the adjacent 
lands, and incidentally to protect the river's 
channel, but shall endeavor to revet the 
river's ibank, in order to maintain the bank 
line and leave the construction of the. levees 



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THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xlili. No. 3 



to the state authorities. In fact ix Is stated 
that some of our own leading men are dis- 
posed to favor fiuch a move on the part of 
the government. To us, on the lower end of 
the river, covering the three hundred miles 
from Port Eads to the jnouth of Red River, 
where the river .banks are comparatively 
stable and where we are gradually getting 
an increasing surface height in the river, it 
would simply spell disaster to the country 
if any such resolution should be adopted by 
the coming Waterways Convention r.nd meet 
with congressional approval. It may be all 
very well to secure the cooperation of Con- 
gressman Ransdell and some other gentle- 
men high up in the state, resident in the 
alluvial lands, where the river's banks are 
far less permanent than they are below the 
mouth of the Red River and thus by apHtting 
us into two factions, one in favor of bank 
protection and the other in favor of levee 
construction on the part of the general gov- 
ernment, lead us into such controversy as 
may result in our losing the advantages 
that we have had in the cooperation of the 
general government in our levee construction 
during the last twenty years. 

Apprehending an increased surface height 
in the lower river as the result of the per- 
fecting of the levee system ajbove, Captain 
Eads and Senator Gibson years ago urged 
that the great improvement in the levee sys- 
tem of the Mississippi River should begin 
at the lower end and extend upward, be- 
cause of the necessity for such improved de- 
fences in the lower end of the river as the 
necessary protection against the unavoid- 
able increase in the surface height of the 
river by its retention in its channel. The 
matter has already been broached and the 
Board of State Engineers of Louisiana has 
been invited to take the matter into consid- 
eration and to confer with the various Levee 
Boards as to the propriety of this great 
change in the efforts made for the control of 
the river's floods. It would toe well for all 
of the friends of the levee system of Louis- 
iana to be on the alert and to prevent any 
such snap judgment on the part of the Water- 
ways Convention as the suggested attempt 
to divert the funds of the Mississippi River 
Commission to other channels than those in 
which they are now utilized. 



Some Cuban Promotions. 

"Rich as a Cuban planter" is said to ibe the 
current (English expression to indicate the 
natural wealth of Cuba, as developed in the 
sugar planters there. Sir William Van 
Home, the Englishman who built the great 
trunk railroad in Cuba, Is said to have re- 
cently expressed himself in London to the 
effect that the Americans seemed blind to 
the great opportunities for investment in 
Cuba. Mr. C. A. Johnson, of the Johnson- 
Harding Promoting Company, that it now en- 
gaged in promoting a central sugar factory 
near Camaguey, said recently to a reporter 
of the Havana Post that there were in Cuba 
now tremendous opportunities to make for- 



tunes. He gets a little enthusiastic in his 
appreciation of Cuba when he refers to the 
two great crops, sugar and tobacco, of which 
sugar is the larger one and tobacco the 
more famous; he says that for four hundred 
years the people there have made money off 
these two commodities and from them comes 
"the wealth of the Indies." 

We don't like to be too exact with our 
enthusiastic (Mr. Johnson, and we believe 
with him that with the natural advantages 
that Cuba possesses for the production of 
sugar and with the unnatural advantages 
that it has in introducing its sugars Into 
the United States at a lower rate of duty 
than competing countries, with Its incidental 
destruiction of the American domestic sugar 
industry, it could still be made the money 
making crop that Mr. Johnson says the 
Cubans have enjoyed for four hundred years. 
Mr. Johnson gives quite a glowing descrip- 
tion of the opportunities that exist in Cuba 
for any one from the humblest tenant up to 
the great factory owner too make money by 
engaging in the sugar industry. He indi- 
cates his preference for the cane lands in 
the eastern end of the island of Cuba, where 
many of the most modern factories have 
been erected. Collaterally with the Central 
factory ipromotion, his enthusiastic views of 
the future of profits in cane growing and 
sugar manufacture in Cuba, Mr. Johnson 
thinks well of the citrus fruit industry, as 
well of truck gardening, both of which in- 
dustries are beginning to attmct considerable 
attention in Cuba from those who are not 
necessarily interested in the sugar industry. 
Just at present Cuba seems to have the call 
over Mexico in the formation of new Ameri- 
can sugar companies. If we should all par- 
take sufficiently of Mr. Johnson's enthusiasm 
we might migrate to Cuba en bloc and begin 
there our sugar lives over again. 



Cane MUl Juic; Extraction vs. Dif- 
fusion. 

Those familiar with the sugar industry in 
Louisiana during the last twenty years have 
seen one of the most notable episodes that 
could well occur in any great industry. 
Twenty years ago earnest efforts were mak- 
ing in many directions to perfect sugar cane 
diffusion apparatus, and it was seriously 
thought that the cane mill had seen its best 
days, although six-roller mills had come into 
comparatively common use and the French 
Faure apparatus and the American shredder 
were botn invented for the preliminary prep- 
aration of sugar cane, to sacure the best 
possible results in the way of extraction. 
The western Kansas experimentation in the 
efforts to make crystallized sugar out of sor- 
ghum cane resulted in careful experimenta- 
tion there by the U. S. Department of Agri- 
culture and chemical control was had in the 
work of both methods of juice extraction. 
The apparent success of diffusion extraction 
in Kansas led to the consent of the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture to experimentation in 
Louisiana with sugar cane. These experi- 



ments were carried on at Governor War- 
moth's Magnolia plantation in the Parish of 
Plaquemlne by Dr. H. W. Wiley, chief 
chemist of the Department, assisted on the 
spot toy (Dr. G. L. Spencer and Dr. C. A. 
Crampton. The results were unexpectedly 
successful and a yield of 10 per cent of mer- 
chantaible sugar of the weight of the cane 
was secured, and it then seemed as though 
the cane mill had become a back number, so 
far as cane juice extraction was concerned 
and that success in the cane sugar industry 
demanded the replacement of the cane mills 
with diffusion apparatus. 

Many of our leading sugar people were so 
thoroughly convinced of this that they modi- 
fied their sugar factories accordingly. 
Messrs. Cunningham and lEllis, the owners 
of the two great plantations in Fort Bend 
county, Texas, lying just west of Houston, 
Sugar iLand and Sartartia, 'built diftuujon 
apparatus of large capacity. Gov. Warmoth 
on his Magnolia plantation, after the success- 
ful work of the government exi)erimental ap- 
paratus, built a large diffusion outfit and 
several more were constructed on Bayoii 
Teche, another near Donaldsonville and the 
iBaton Rouge central factory brought from 
Kansas a complete diffusion outfit. 

These new establishments were all com- 
paratively successful. A number of alffu- 
sion factories were erected in the West In- 
dies and it was sincerely hoped that the ex- 
cellent work accomplis'hed by diffusion would 
demonstrate the permanent success of that 
method of cane juice extraction. The ibest 
roller mills, with or without a preparatory 
process, generally ran under 75 per cent, 
with Louisiana sugar cane, based upon a 10 
per cent, fiber content. This would mean say 
75 per cent, of cane juice secured out of a 
contained 90. With the saturation of the 
ibagasse from the first mill with hot water 
before it entered the second mill, 75 per cent, 
was more easily reached, and sometimes sur- 
passed, but diffusion as carried on indus- 
trially secured 85 per cent, out of an assumed 
90 per cent, contained. 

With diffusion the bagasse was lost as a 
fuel stuff and its removal from the factory 
was even more expensive than the old 
fashioned method of hauling away bagasse, 
as wet diffusion chips weigh about as much 
as the original canes and therefore we may 
say that the weight of the cane crop had to 
be handled twice, first bringing in the raw 
material and secondly carrying away the 
refuse of fully equal weight. These facts 
and the diminishing demand for cane mills, 
led the cane mill builders to renewed effort 
anJ the first efforts were in the direction of 
securing stronger mills, those that would 
not break and those that would run above 
75 i)er cent, extraction on a contained 90. 
Some previous experiments had been made 
in rollers of very large diameter and of ex- 
ceedingly great strength, but they were not 
particularly successful. The final result was 
that cane mill rollers of 30 to 32 and 34 
inches in diameter became accepted sizes 



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35 



and of such length as might 'be calculated 
for the capacity of the factory. Six-roller 
cane mills of this kind and made as strong 
as practicable, brought the extraction of cane 
juice up to about 80 per cent, of the con- 
tained 90. We have often ibeen somewhat 
skeptical of this extraction, ibut it Is asserted 
as a fact toy the chemists in control of 
various factories and seems to have Jbeen 
determined Iby analysis, and subsequent ex- 
periments in Hawaii and Java seem to have 
demonstrated the truth of the experiments. 
An eighty per cent, extraction thus secured 
would leave 20 pounds of ibagasse which, 
with a fiber content of 10 pounds, would 
leave 10 pounds of moisture in the shape of 
cane Juice, diluted more or less with hot 
water, or If it all "be called moisture, 10 
pounds of dry matter, or fiber, and 10 pounds 
of moisture, which degree of dryness insures 
excellent fuel, ready for instant use as it 
coomee from the mill. 

At this time our well known Louisiana 
sugar engineer, the late (Martin L. Flowers, 
made his plans for a nine-roller mill. The 
Fulton Iron Works of St. liouis were con- 
vinced of the excellence and of the probable 
success of Mr. Flowers* designs end touilt 
the first nine-roller mill for the CJora and 
Annandale plantations in Iberville Parish. 
This nine-roller mill, known as the "Cora 
Mill", was a success from the 'beginning and 
produced ;bagasse containing less than 50 per 
cent, of moisture and is Bald to have secured 
an extraction of about 82 per cent, as 
against diffusion's claim to extract 85 per 
cent, as was done at Magnolia out of the 90 
per cent of saccharine juice contained in the 
cane. This close approach to diffusion work 
seems to have closed the era of sugar cane 
juice extraction by diffusion in Louisiana 
and one iby one nearly all of the factories 
so fitted up have discontinued diffusion and 
adopted cane mills. iSome years <back Grov. 
Warmoth was on the point of discontinuing 
his diffusion apparatus and utilizing a high 
grade cane mill. iHis sugar factory, how- 
ever, is so advantageously located that the 
expenses of handling the diffusion chips are 
there reduced to a minimum and the results 
secured in his factory are so excellent that 
he seems now quite content to go on with 
the diffusion method. 

The cane mill men, however, have not 
rested content. The standard nine-roller 
mill as first 'brought out by the Fulton Iron 
Works of St. Louis, carries with It now 
everywhere a preliminary method of cane 
preparation, be it a Newell shredder of a 
Krajewski, Birmingham, Pratt or other 
crusher, as well as the use of hot 
water after the first oor second pres- 
sure, and sometimes after both. The 
success of the nine-roller mill under 
these conditions has 'been so great that it 
has for the time being suspended fuiiher 
improvement in cane growing countries gen- 
erally. In Hawaii, however, the enterpris- 
ing sugar planters of that country, the de- 
scendants of the New Englanders who began 



occupying Hawaii eighty or ninety years 
ago, alfways inventive and always enterpris- 
ing, have enlarged the nine-roller mill with 
all its attachments to 12 rollers and claim 
that -with 12 rollers they can now eecute as 
effective work as any diffusion apparatus and 
with the addition of hot water saturation 
that they can do toefcter <work than diffusion 
can. The success of 12 rollers in Hawaii has 
led to their increasing use in Java and the 
mills contracted for by the Japanese for 
erection in Formosa are some of them also 
of the 12-roller variety. 

As in this way a large fuel supply for the 
sugar factories is secured, practically enough 
fuel to carry on all the processes of the man- 
ufacture of cane into sugar, we are disposed 
to regard the diffusion process as no longer 
under consideration in new constructions for 
the extraction of cane juice and while in the 
world at large there is still quite a number 
of successful cane sugar factories utilizing 
the diffusion process, iboth the standard dif- 
fusion method and the Naudet supplemen- 
tary diffusion, <we are led to consider that 
the days of diffusion are over, so far as 
sugar cane is concerned and that in a few 
years we may regard it as one of the lost 
arts of the sugar business. 

The probable reason -why diffusion was ex- 
perimented with in cane sugar manufacture 
is owing to its wonderful success in beet 
agar manufacture. Diffusion in ibeet sugar 
manufacture has only toecome universal since 
about 1880 and (previously to that time crush- 
ing mills of various kinds were used in some 
of the factories for beet juice extraction. 
Hydraulic presses were also used. The orig- 
inal idea involved in diffusion was the doc- 
trine of osmosis and exosmosis and it was 
held that if >beet chips containing a thousand 
pounds of beet juice were saturated with a 
thousand pounds of water the juice in cells 
would be reduced one-half in saccharine den- 
sity 'by the water and it only needed a repe- 
tition of such saturations to secure all of 
the juice down to some negligible point. 
It has 'been found, however, in practice that 
the process of diffusion is very considerably 
a physical one of •washing out, as well as of 
osmosis and exosmosis. Sugar cane con- 
tains a fiber readily adapted to mill work, 
while the absence of fiiber in the sugar beet 
makes it difficult to work with roller mills, 
and hence the final result of diffusion for 
beet juice extraction and of cane mills for 
sugar cane juice extraction marks the pro- 
gress of the present day and this progress in 
the sugar cane industry has (been brought 
atoout !by the great ability, energy and en- 
terprise of the Guilders of our present day 
splendid cane mills. 



The Senate Sus^ar Tariff Schedule. 

The Louisiana Planter is indebted to 
Senator Penrose for a copy of the tariff bill 
as adopted Iby the Senate, July 8, 1^9, with 
the senate amendments numbered, which 'bill 
is now in a conference committee of the 
two houses. We give 'below the text of Sec- 



tion 213 of Schedule lE, covering sugar, mo- 
lasses and manufactures theiof. 

The press reports indicated that the sugar 
differential had ibeen restored in the Senate. 
It had Ibeen lowered to 7 1-2 cents per hun- 
dred pounds in the House and our under- 
standing was that this differential had .been 
raised again to 12 1-2 cents per hundred 
pounds as in the Dlngley bill. In the Ding- 
ley tbill all sugar above ^o. 16 Dutch stan- 
dard in color and all sugar which had gone 
through a process of refining, was required 
to pay a duty of $1.95 per hundred pounds. 
The theoretical duty on pure sugar on the 
basis of the (Dlngley bill -would be the same 
as in the present 'bill, according to the text 
given below. .Seventy five test pays 95 cents 
per hundred pounds and each degree above 
that 3 1-2 cents per hundred pounds, so that 
lOO test sugar would pay, theoretically, 
11.82 1-2, were it not for the proviso as to 
coloring and refining. The Payne bill in the 
House reduced the 12 l-^ cents differential to 
7 1-2 cents, so that the duty would be |1.90 
per hundred pounds of refined sugar, and not 
$1.95 as it is now. Evidently what was 
meant by the restoration of the differential 
in the Senate was that In the earlier drafts 
of the sugar schedule in the Senate the dif- 
ferential based upon color and refining was 
omitted. The statement as to its su<bsequent 
insertion led us to Relieve that the differen- 
tial was restored equal to what it had been 
in the Dingley bill. As the situation now 
stands, Louisiana will lose practlcaally 5 
cents per hundred pounds on all the sugar 
that Is made In the state. As all the sugar 
made here gets Its value 'based upon pure 
white sugar and of course with the duty on 
pure iwhite sugar reduced from $1.95 to 
$1.90 per hundred, -we shall ibe compelled, In 
connection with foreign sugars, to accept 5 
cents per hundred pounds less than would 
otherwise have been realized. This would 
amount to $392,000.00 on 350,000 tons of su- 
gar. We suppose It might have ibeen worse, 
but this Is pretty had for an Industry as 
closely margined as ours Is at present. 

Another Interesting point In the section of 
the bill under consideration is that the 
duty on molasses testing not above 40 degrees 
Is placed at 20 per cent, advalorem. No ref- 
erence Is made In the sugar schedule of the 
Dlngley bill to molasses testing undui 40 
per cent, sucroose and molasses as such Is 
only named In the (beginning of the bill under 
the name of concentrated molasses, which Is 
provided with a special rate of duty. Mo- 
lasses not exceeding 40 test Is not men- 
tioned In the free list of the Dlngley bill and 
we are therefore led to infer that it has 
been Imported Into the United States at 
same reduced duty as an article not other- 
wise scheduled and prohably the 20 per 
cent, ad valorem for the new bill Is Intended 
to make sure of the admission of low grade 
molasses for distillers and such uses at a 
low rate. We have Ibeen rather surprised in 
Louisiana to learn that our distillers were 
Importing molasses from Cuba, when our 



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THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xllil. No. 3 



own molasses was selling at 6 or 8 cents per 
gallon in tanks. On the basis of 8 cents per 
gallon for molasses in Cuba the duty on it 
at 20 per cent, would be |1.60 per hundred 
gallons, while molasses testing above 40 and 
on up to 56 is taxable at 3 cents and above 
56 at 6 cents per gallon. The West Indian 
molasses testing 40 per cent sugar by the 
polariscope single polarization, is really 
quite a valuable molasses for reboiling, apart 
from its distilling value. For distillation 
molasses must all pass from sucrose to glu- 
cose before it gets to the alcoholic fermen- 
tation and we are led to wonder whether or 
not this looiphole in the Dingley bill was 
left to accomodate the distillers, among 
whom the Sugar Trust itself was most prom- 
inent as owning a large establishment, or 
for the aiccomodation of the molasses sugar 
boilers, for whom Senator Aldrich has al- 
ways had a tender spot In his heart, owing 
to his old grocery connections. There was 
sugar made from foreign molasses in the 
United (States amounting to about 6,000 tons 
per annum during the last two years, and 
over 8,000 tons in 1906. The duty of three 
cents per gallon is intended to strike good, 
ordinary V7est Indian molasses and that of 
six cents to be practically prohibitive. 

In the sugar schedule maple sugar and 
maple syrup stand unchanged at 4 cents per 
pound. Glucose, or grape sugar is placed 
at 1 1-2 cents per pound. 

Saccharine was |1.60 per pound and 10 
per cent, ad valorem in the Dingley bill and 
was reported in the iHouse bill at 50 cents 
and is now reported at 75 cents per pound 
in the Senate bill. This saccharine is fraud- 
ulent sugar. Unfortunately for us, it was 
discovered at the John Hopkins University 
in Baltimore by a student, Fahlberg, under 
the direction of Prof. iRemsen, now the 
president of the institution. It was estim- 
ated that it was 232 times as sweet as sugar 
and now at from 400 to 500 times as sweet 
as sugar. In other words, the manufactur- 
ers of (products that need sweetening can 
use a little sugar for form's sake and a little 
saccharine and thus secure the desired 
sweetness, it has been used very largely in 
'New Orleans among the manufacturers of 
the so-called soft drinks. It is contraband 
in France and during recent years consid- 
erable quantities of it have been seized com- 
ing in surreptitiously from tSwitzerland. The 
American congress does not seem to appre- 
ciate the far reaching and injurious effects 
of this vile drug that is so skillfully used 
by thousands of our manufacturers for the 
purpose of sophisticating their goods. It is 
to ibe hoped that under the pure food law 
radical changes will be made. The Board of 
Health of our own State is now investigating 
by analysis the materials used in the sy- 
rups made for so-called soda water fountains 
and also the constituents of the so-called 
mineral water, or pop, sold in bottles. 

The imtportation of saccharine should ibe 
prohibited instead of the duty being re- 
duced more than one-half, unless it >be that 



a better record can be secured of it by hav- 
ing a low rate of duty on it than a high 
one and leave our own pure food laws to 
regulate its use. 

The text of section 213 of Schedule E 
reads as follows: 

Schedule E. — Sugar, Molasses and Manufac- 
turers of. 

213. Sugars not above number sixteen, 
Dutch standard in color, tank bottoms, sirups 
of cane juice, melada, concentrated melada, 
concrete and concentrated molasses, testing by 
the polariscope not above seven ty-fiv<j degrees, 
ninety-five one-hundredths of one cent per 
pound, and for every additional degree shown 
by the polariscopic test, thirty-five one 
thousandths of one cent per pound 
additional, and fractions of a degree 
in proportion ; and on sugar above 
number sixteen, Dutch standard in color, and 
on all sugar which has gone through a pro- 
cess of refining, one cent and ninety onc-hun- 
dredths of one cent per pound; molasses test- 
ing not above forty degrees, twenty per centum 
ad valorem ; testing above forty degrees and 
not above fifty-six degrees, three cents -per gal- 
lon; testing above fifty-six degrees, six cents 
per gallon; sugar drainings and sugar sweep- 
ings shall be subject to duty as molasses or 
sugar, as the case may be, according to polar- 
iscopic test. 



Magnificent Acreages. 

When we reflect on the magnificent acre- 
ages engaged in the rice and sugar indus- 
tries in the British East Indies, say four 
millions of acres in sugar cane, as indicat- 
ed in the series of articles by Mr. Peter Abel 
which we are now publishing, we may for- 
get that in this country we also have some 
magnificent acreages. In the summary of 
the July Crop Report published by the U. S. 
Department of Agriculture the approximate 
staiple crops in the United iStates are given 
covering more than 200 million acres of land 
We will give the figures in round millions 
and thus comprehend perhaps more clearly 
the enormous acreages that we have in these 
staple crops, not to speak of the vast acre- 
age in the minor crops of the country. The 
figures in round millions of acres are: in 
corn, 109; in wheat, 46; in oats, 32; in ibar- 
ley, 7; in potatoes,3; In flax, 3; rice, 1 to- 
bacco,! cotton, 32. 

It has generally been stated tha^. Ibe 
wealth of the United States lay in its fertile 
soils and that the conservation of our na- 
tural resources in this direction was a mat- 
ter of vast importance, all of which is very 
true. It was stated that years ago as rather 
an economic curiosity, that every dollar in 
gold got from California Gold, which revo- 
lutionized the finances of the world, cost 
more than the money value of the gold se- 
cured, while the enormous wealth that ac- 
cumulated in California had its real foun- 
dation in the agriculture of that state, which 
has been a very prominent feature from the 
•beginning of its history as a member of the 
federal union. If India should conclude to 
sell any ipart of her annual product of A^e 
million tons of sugar it would make a very 
serious impression upon the sugar markets 
of the world. ;Such a revolution In the cus- 
toms of India could never occur, however, 
as it is a country where changes are rare 



and the value of sugar as a food stuff is so 
highly appreciated there that it is really 
the cause of the immense production there. 
When the world at large appreciates sugar 
as a food stuff at its true value it is fair 
to infer that the product of the world can be 
be trippled, or quadrupled without bavins 
any excessive production. 



Transmission of Charix>n. 

News received from Cameron Parish by 
the New Orleans Picayune up to the 14th. 
Inst, reports that there is no abatement of 
the charbon epizootic that has been pre- 
vailing along the coast of that parish and 
the loss of cattle and horses is reported as 
heavy and threatens to become total. The 
iiM)St serious phase of the situation, how- 
ever, is the report that at least a dozen per- 
sons have contrajcted the disease, mostly 
from flybites, but no deaths have occurred 
among them. Under such circumstances 
there is almost always great difficulty in as- 
certaining the exact facts and it would be 
very desirable indeed if our own state au- 
thorities could secure exact data from Cam- 
eron Parish as to this transmission of char- 
bon to human beings by fly bites and any 
other data that will lead to a better iknowl- 
edge of this dreadful animal disease. 



The Best Time to Water the Horse. 

(Every sugar planter who Is watering his 
animals in the field these hot July days is 
doubtless very much interested in knowing 
how much water a horse or mule should be 
allowed to drink while he is hot. There has 
been a common report that while work ani- 
mals are hot they can safely take all the 
water they want, unless it is extremely cold 
water, because as they go directly on with 
their work, they will not be injured by it. 
On the other hand, when we reflect that an 
ordinary mule will drink a bucket of water, 
some three gallons, or 25 pounds, and if 
very thirsty, will take double that quantity, 
or 50 pounds, of water when hot, it is mani- 
fest that the situation is somewhat confus- 
ing if not dangerous. Or. F. W. Culver in 
a recent issue of the North Carolina Progres- 
sive Farmer says that if you water a farm 
horse in the ordinary way, letting him drink 
all that he will, you are likely to have a foun- 
uered horse on your hands and that this is 
especially so at the time that the horse is 
fatigued. If this be applied to our mules in 
the field, we should fancy that they would 
all be foundered at once, as unless too much 
fatigued, they are almost ravenous for a 
mid-forenoon and a mld-aftemoon drink of 
water when it can reach them. Some mules, 
however, will not drink at all, probably be- 
cause they are too much fatigued, and others 
are somewhat capricious in the matter. In 
some instances mules are either unable, or 
do not want to drimk with the bridles on, 
and hence we believe that it is good perhaps 
to always take the bridle off of every mule 
when we offer the water to them and if on 
a hot day a mule will not take water, he 



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should be closely watched, as the situation, 
80 far as heat is concerned, would seem 
dangerous. 

A standard of one bucket of water, or 
about twenty-five pounds, of normal temper- 
ature has seemed to be entirely safe in our 
practice in watering mules In the fields dur- 
ing the hot weather. But we have gener- 
ally allowed them to take what they wanted 
and sometimes they drank as imuch as two 
buckets, or 50 pounds, and if Dr. Culver's 
views are rl^t, the practice of some of us 
is wrong. Dr. Culver says that the most 
dangerous time to give a horse a full draught 
of water is when he has cooled down from 
fatiguing work and has partaken of a meal. 



More About New York Sugar Lighter- 
age. 

The Federal Sugar Refining Co. of Yonk- 
ers, New York, in which the Spreckles in- 
terests are dominant, has recently made a 
complaint before the Interstate Commerce 
Commission against the Baltimore & Ohio 
Railroad Co. and others because of the fact 
that this railroad company would either 
furnish or allow lighterage on shipments 
from various sugar refineries around New 
York Harbor to its own terminal lines, while 
it refused to do this with the concern located 
at Yonkers, some fifteen miles away, outside 
of New York harbor. The instance cited by 
the plaintiff was in regard to shipments by 
the Arbuokle refinery delivered to an adja- 
cent terminal company under contract with 
the Baltimore & Ohio Railway Company, 
which adjacent terminal company happened 
to ibelong to the Arbuokle interests. The 
Commission's report stated that the railroads 
ending at a Jersey shore are under necessity 
to provide themselves with terminal facili- 
ties in «New York City and Brooklyn. The 
Baltimore A Ohio Company could not secure 
any convenient terminal for their own use 
and the coommission decided that the use of 
the J street terminal, although the Arbuckles 
were interested in it, was proper. 



Sugar Beets and Beet Sugar. 

Though sugar can be extracted from many 
plants, the world's supply of sugar comes 
at present from only two plant species, su- 
gar cane and sugar beets, and it comes about 
equally from each. The former is grown 
only In tropical or sub-tropical climates, the 
latter only in temperate climates. 

The great bulk of the beet sugar consumed 
is made in fJuropean countries, Germany, 
Russia, Austria-Hungary, and France being 
the leading producers. But in recent years 
the young and rapidly growing beet-sugar 
industry of the United States has come into 
prominence. There are now 64 active 'oeet- 
sugar factories in this country located in 16 
different States. Last year the farmeia of 
these States harvested about 365,000 acres 
of beets, and delivered to the factories 3,- 
415,000 tons of beets. From these nearly 
426,000 tons of refined sugar was made. 



The yield of beets per acre was 9 1-3 tons, 
and the yield of sugar per acre of beets was 
2,334 pounds. 

The U. S. 'Department of Agriculture has 
just issued its annual report on "Progress 
of the Beet^Sugar Industry in 1908." One 
marked feature of progress is seen in the 
improved quality of the beets grown. The 
entire beet crop for 1908 averaged 15 3-4 
per cent of sugar in the beets. The factory 
processes have also been improved until the 
refined sugar produced is about four-fifths 
of that contained in the beets. 

One of the instructive features of this re- 
port is an account of the use of by-products. 
The beet pulp from which the sugar has 
been extracted Is a valuable stock food, 
and vast quantities of it are fed in the fresh 
state to cattle and sheep. It finds especial 
favor with dairymen. A dozen or more fac- 
tories have installed plants for drying pulp. 
With this Is mixed molasses, the product 
being put on the market as "drled-molasses- 
beet-pulp." The molasses Is also extensive- 
ly used In the manufacture of alcohol. 

The prospects for further development of 
the industry are reported to be good. 
Plans are on foot for the building of sev- 
eral new ffctories. 



Maple Sugar Crop. 

Vermont Is this year reported to have 
made an average sugar crop. The estimate is 
of 2 pounds to the tree the state over, wOiich 
is as large as has been had In ten years, 
excepting for two years, 1907 and 1908, when 
the crops were unusually large. Ohio is 
said to have produced the largest maple su- 
gar crop In Its history this year, as has also 
Pennsylvania. New York produced about 
two-thirds of a crop. Across the 'border. In 
Canada, the crop is very much larger than 
last year. Prices are reported to be ruling 
very low In Canada, and the farmers are 
getting but 5 1-2 cents per pound for maple 
sugar. The annual maple output of Canada 
Is stated to be about 18 million pounds or 
900 short tons. This constitutes about one- 
half the world's supply of maple sugar and 
syrup. "We presume that syrup Is Included 
In the iwelght reported, whloh Is given by 
Consul Gebhard Wllrlch. The sugaring sea- 
son lasts about three "weeks In New Bruns- 
wick and a tree will yield from two to three 
pounds anually. Bauceblock sugar sells for 
the highest price of any sugar on the mar- 
ket, owing to the strength of Its flavor and 
also to the hardness. This Is also put In 
bricks, very much • harder than anything 
that Is produced on the American side of the 
border line. 

A considerable amount of old sugar was 
carried over from last year In Vermont and 
about a similar amount will be carried over 
this year. It Is said that there has not been 
as much syrup produced this year as last 
year, but the demand for sap syrup Is less 
and prices rule less than they did last year 
and it is a very hard proposition to market 
even at the "prices paid for syrup this year. 



A correspondent of the Neto England Orocer 
gives most of these data and indicates as 
his belief in a continued dull market for both 
maple sugar and syrup. 



Literary Notes. 

Archibald S. Hurd, who is generally rec- 
ognized as a naval expert, is the author of 
an article on "The Balance of Naval Power 
and the Triple Alliance,' which The Living 
A(je for July 17 reprints from The Nineieenth 
Century. It is a calm and thoughtful dis- 
cussion of what is at present a burning ques- 
tion in European and especially in English 
politics. 

"Leaves from the Diary of a Tramp," re- 
printed in The Living Age for July 17 from 
the Oornhill Magazine^ is a human document 
of extraordinary interest. 

A great deal has been written about Swin- 
b*ime, from different points of view, but in 
The TAving Age for July 17 we have a num- 
ber of self -revealing letters by Swinburne, 
written to Edmund Clarence Stedman, and not 
before published, until they were printed in 
the London Times, from which they are now 
reprinted. 



Hayward Buckets. 

The well known corporation, the Hayward 
Co., buildei-s qt the Hayward bu'^kets and 
digging machinery, including orange peel 
buckets, clam shell buckets, excavators, two- 
in-one hoisting drum, derrick fixtures, traveling 
derricks, coal handling machinery, dredges, etc., 
have just issuea a new catalogue. No. 35, In 
which there are illustrated four types of the 
Hayward orange peel and six types of the 
Hayward clam shell buckets. As the agricul- 
tural world generally and the sugar world in 
particular is engaging all the time in more and 
more intense agriculture, the matters of drain- 
age, canaling, dredging, etc., are always com- 
manding increasing attention. The Hayward 
Co. will be glad to send this handsome descrip- 
tive catalogue of some thirty pages to anyone 
interested in any manner in dredging and 
drainage problems. Address them, 50 Church 
street, New York. 



Correction. 

St. Louis, Mo., July 13, 1909. 
Editor Louisiana Planter: 

There appeared in your paper on July 3, 
1000, an article from the Grocers* Criterion, 
which claimed that the directors of the Na- 
tionfll Candy Company and the Com Products 
Refining Company were the same. 

We are loath to be lined up with the Corn 
Products Refining (Company except as a com- 
petitor, and therefore ask that you kindly 
correct the statement, which is absolutely un- 
true. The Corn Products Refining Company 
and the National Candy Company have no 
relations one with the other whatsoever. 
Yours very truly, 

V. L. Price, Chairman. 



Personal. 

Mr. Henry A. Munson, Jr., of Assumption 
parish, was *at the St. Charles hotel on Wed- 
nesday last. 

Mr. Oscar Dnspit, of Breaux Bridge, La., 
was at the Monteleone Hotel during the early 
part of the week. 



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38 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xllll, No. 3 



LOCAL LBTTBRS. 



Assumptioa. 

(SPECIAL COBRBSPONDBNCB.) 

Editor Loitidiana Planter: 

More work has bet;ii done in the cane fields 
of Assumption during the past six days than 
was done for four weeks previous to this. The 
dry weather has given the planters a chance 
to work the crops and to clean out the grass, 
which was getting thick on some places. Most 
of the planters who did not get through laying 
by last week will wind up by the end of this 
week. The reports from all parts of th» 
parish are for a good cane crop this season. 
As all the crops will be layed by by the end 
of the week a good rain would be welcomed. 
The corn crop is reported exceptionally good 
en nearly all places in the parish, and the 
pea vines are in fine condition. The temper- 
ature continues high, but up to the present 
time the Assumption planters have not suf- 
fered any loss on account of the intense heat. 
After this week most of the planters will lay 
aside their work and will take a well earned 
vacation. 

Your correspondent while in conversation 
with an experienced planter a few days ago 
on the question of doing field 'work in the 
early hours of the morning was informed by 
him that it not in his opinion the best plan. 
This planter said that he never started to 
work in the field until 4 o'clock in the morn- 
ing, and he could prove that by the end of 
the day he had done as much if not more 
work than those who were in the fields much 
earlier. He said that the getting out of the 
mules at 3 o'clock and sometimes earlier in 
the morning broke the rest of the muks. and 
they were not fit to do a good di»y's work. 

Mr. Desire Bergeron, a successful tenant on 
Wildwood, was in Napoleonville last w^ek and 
brought to town two fine samples of cane. One 
was a stalk of red cane and the other of the 
ribbon variety. Both stalks measured 36 
inches of well developed joints. 

Mr. T. Barrilleaux, one of the owners of 
Poverty Point plantation, was taken suddenly 
ill last Monday. He is much better to- 
day. 

The good roads movement, which is of first 
importance to the planters of this parish, has 
received the indorsement of the police jury. 
At its meeting last Tuesday the police jury 
adopted a resolution requesting all citizens in- 
terested in good roads to attend the next meet- 
ing of the police jury. 

Mr. Waties, the able civil engineer of the 
Elm Hall plantation, has been awarded the con- 
tract to furnish the parish map as provideu 
by law. 

The engagement of Mr. Theophile Talbot, 
brighf and able bookkeeper of the Oakley 
Planting Company, of Avoca, to Miss Mari« 
Gilbert, of this town, is announced. Mr. Tal- 
bot has been in the employ of the Oakley 
Planting Company for several years, and aside 
from attending to office work for the big plan- 
tation he is assistant postmaster, assistant 
ticket agent and manager of the plantation 
store. The wedding has been fixed for Tues- 
day, July 27. 

Mr. Telosma Boudreaux, a popular sugar 
grower of Pnincourtville, who has been seri- 
ously ill for the past eleven months, was in 
(own last Saturday for a few hours. Though 



he is not completely recovered, he is slowly 
getting stronger. 

Assumption. 



Iberville. 

(SPECIAL COBBB8POKDENCE. 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

**In the Good Old Sununer Time" was 
whistled with considerable vigor all during the 
past week. The planter praying for stiff hot 
weather got it with a vengeance. The weather 
has served to bring out the cane beautifully 
and the other crops are maturing all along 
the line. Th** cane men are rapidly finishing 
up their cane crops and b., the end of this 
week the last of them will have wound up. 
Every indication points to a good crop this 
year. In the cane Qeld one riding by gets a 
chance now and then to se a red joint here 
and there, whilst in the rice field a patch hei« 
and a patch ther is heading rapidly. Corn will 
be the banner crop in Iberville, with cane a 
close second : the com crop is much to be ad- 
mired. 

During the week your correspondent spent 
several days in the Grosse Tete and Maringouin 
sections, riding over those lands. Wonde-ful 
changes have come about within a year. The 
neglected and weevil-eaten fields of 11>08 have 
given way to the green and well tilled field 
of cane and as the time progresses more cane 
will be added. The small farmer last year 
liad the desire to get into cane as rapidly as 
poBsible — the cane being within reach, but sev" 
eral bad cotton crops made it impossible for 
him to get the money with which to buy the 
cane. Within two years the country from Mar- 
ingouin to Grosse Tete will play an important 
part in its demand for cane cars. 

A pleasant hour was spent at the Bellevue 
plantation of Mr. Louis S. Webre. He was 
just finishing laying by a splendid crop of cane. 
His field was clean and well tilled and he 
seemed satisfied that his labor would be re- 
warded with a good harvest. He proposes 
shortly to give his mill considerable attention. 
He has contracted for two large boilers and 
will put in a juice heater. He has other im- 
provements in mind which no doubt the crop 
will warrant. 

Starting at Maringouin and riding to 
(ira«se Tete, a distance of ten miles, it is a 
continuous stretch of cane, when just two 
years ago it was cotton. Reaching Grosse 
Tete the fields change to rice, Mr. P. W. Hol- 
liday having the lower half of his Bay Farm 
and Mr. L. O. Landry all of his Keep place 
in rice. 

On the west side of Bayou Maringouin the 
same changes may be noted, though the 
change from cotton into cane is not so rapid, 
owing to the failures in cotton being more 
pronounced. At Marengb the Italians are put- 
ing every hand at cane and they are succeed- 
ing very well, considering the fact that they 
knew nothing of it. Cotton is unnuestionably 
a thing of the past and especially with the 
smnll farmer, ^.^ey have nearly all gone into 
cane, some few into truck products. 

Mr. Lewis K. Murrell and Mr. J. H. R. 
Feltus. the one secretary of the Geo. M. Mur 
rell P. and M. Co. and the other store man- 
ager, spent part of Wednesday in Plaquemine. 
'iney slate that everything looks good in their 
section. Iberville. 



Lafourche. 

(SPECIAL CORBBSPuKDBKCB.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

Another seven days of ideal growing 
weather, mostly (sunshine, with very little 
precipitation of moisture, although one good 
rain fell on the bayou below Lockport. The 
growth of the crop is almost phenomenal, and 
a difference can be noticed almost every 
day. 

The large Georgia plantation finished lay- 
ing by last Saturday and the manager and 
overseers are devoting their time to the nu- 
merous odd jobs that always accumulate on 
the large plantations during the real busy 
seasons. The writer had the pleasure of 
spending a pleasant half hour with Manager 
E. F. Dickinson in his office on Georgia 
the first of the week, and was informed that 
work had been progressing very satisfactorily 
on Georgia, Raceland and all of the neigh- 
boring plantations, and that the outlook was 
very good for a heavy crop this fall. Mr. 
Dickinson thinks that the country is to be 
congratulated upon the prosperous times that 
we have been enjoying, and especially does he 
think that there is but little room for com- 
plaint on the part of the onion and potato 
growers in this section, as, while the price of 
onions was comparatively low, yet taken on 
a whole, the planters realized from $45 to 
$05 per acre from their crop, besides getting 
a bumper crop of com from the same land. 

At a little after 10 o'clock last Sunday 
morning Mrs. Tresimond Foret, widow of the 
late Tresimond Foret, died at her home at 
Ludiviue. after an illness lasting about four 
years. She leaves to mourn her loss two sons, 
William and Ernest, owners of Celina plan- 
tation, betwt^en Valentine and Ludivine, and 
two daughters, Mrs. A. Goette, of Donaldson- 
ville, and Sister Emmanuel, of Mt. Carmel 
Convent, of New Iberia, La. The funeral 
was held at Lockport Monday morning and 
the remains were attended to their last rest- 
ing place in St. Sauveur's Catholic Cemetery 
by a large concourse of sorrowing friends and 
relatives. 

Jos. T. Badeaux, vice president of the Lock- 
port Central, and one of the most successful 
sugar growers in this parish, was a visitor 
to New Orleans the first of the week. He 
finished laying by his crop a few days ago 
and is now, in the absence of Captain Eu- 
gene Con.stantin, giving his time to the ex- 
tensive improvements going on at the Mc- 
Leod factory ,which are to be greater than 
was contemplated some days ago. Among 
other things they are putting in a nine-foot 
standard double effect, one powerful five-foot 
Whitney mill, with a five-foot Krajewski 
crusher, and a 10x42 Corliss engine. They 
have also placed an order with the Gregg 
Company, of New York, for 25 new cane cars. 
When the present improvements are finished 
the mill will be amply able to take care of 
LOGO tons of cane every twenty-four hours. 

Severin J. Foret, of Ludivine. who is hold- 
ing the position of parish assessor, passed 
through Ix>ckport Wednesday evening from 
Thibodaiix. where he had been looking after 
his official duties. He reports conditions fa- 
vorable on Ludivine and Choctaw plantations 
and the weather very satisfactory to the 
growth of the sugar crop. Chas. W. Lawra- 
son, a .^'on of Judge McC. Lawrason, of St. 

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July 17, 1909.] 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



39 



Francisville, and a successful planter, tenant 
on C. S. Mathews' large Georgia plantation, 
is building a neat and commodious cottage, 
which will soon be ready for occupancy. Os- 
car A. Bourg, manager of the large planting 
interests at Braithwaite, below New Orleans, 
was shaking hands with his numerous friends 
here last Saturday. He still devotes some of 
his time to Ravenswood plantation, adjoining 
Lockport. AcADiE. 



St. Mary 

(SPECIAL CORBESPONDENCB.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

There has been a general dry spell since the 
beginning of last week and since then the 
planters have had all of their available force 
on the jump in the fields getting rid of grass 
and doing the last plowing for the season. At 
this writing I hear many complaints of it 
being too dry and many are praying for about 
one inch of rain. Wednesday their prayers 
seemed about to be answered, and it looked for 
a while that there was a downpour in pros- 
pect, but it passed off with only a few drops. 

I note by an ad. in the Planter that the 
Oak Bluff people are offering their Fairbanks 
Dredge for sale. If any one in need of any- 
thing of the kind could see what has been 
accomplished on the Oak Lawn plantation with 
that little dredge they would be filled with 
wonder and feel that it was just the thing to 
buy. With it a splendid system of 20-foot 
canals has been dug, not only making the drain- 
age to the old. lands as near perfect as pos- 
sible, but also reclaimed several thousand acres 
of virgin swamp, which within a few years 
will be ready for the plow and be adding to 
the wealth of the country. 

Mr. J. H. McCardell has just returned from 
a trip over into the Plaquemine country, 
where he took in many crops of cane, and re- 
ports that those folks over there have better 
crops than we have over here. As he has 
a splendid crop himself on Oak Bluff it is 
a good deal for him to admit. 

We are glad to learn that Mr. Simms, of 
Adeline, is on the mend and his legion of 
friends hope soon to see him up and about. 

I am sorry to learn that Mrs. T. J. Shaffer 
and Mrs. Del Kemper are both seriously sick 
and are now at Dr. Beverly Smith's sanitarium 
to be operated on for appendicitis. 

I note in a letter from Mr. H. C. Rose that 
he is tiring of a life of comparative inactivity 
and wants to be out doing his part in some of 
the big things of life, where he will have a 
chance to use his many abilities. Mr. Rose 
was once a splendid and a public spirited citi- 
zen of St. Mary, and we who know him best 
are confident that wherever he goes and in 
whatever sphere he may be placed he will 
make good. C. 



Iberia. 

(SPECIAL COBBESPONDENCE.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

Another week of good weather has been 
given the crops of this section, which has en- 
abled all to give the finishing touches to the 
cane, which is now completed on the planta- 
tions and farms. A good, soaking rain would 
not be amiss just now, as the plowing and 
cultivation necessarily interferes with the 
growth temporarily and a good rain would put 
things forward again. The fields are getting 



very dry and the crop at midday in the broil- 
ing sun looks as though it needed a drink. 
However, as the clouds are sailing round it 
presages precipitaiton presently. Consider- 
able of the parish has been traveled over the 
past week through hot, dusty roads, but the 
prospect is good in every direction. In the 
lake section around Cade and Segura the cane 
is up to the average year and in some instances 
above it. In the Morbihan district the crop 
is all that its owners could wish, being of 
good stand, large size, dark color and grow- 
ing right along. At Sarah the stubbles and 
plant are in fine condition and augurs well 
for the tonnage next fall. Morbihan*s crop 
is larger than formerly and is very promis- 
ing, while the crops of its clientele are also 
in good shape. It is thought the tonnage of 
this up-to-date factory will be greater than 
over since its establishment. Mr. A. Theriot, 
the efficient manager of the plantation, as 
well as of his own, Sarah Place, is considered 
the prince of field marshals, whose work 
shows for itself. At the Oreat Maria central 
factory, at Loreauville, Mr. Tom Gonsoulin 
holds the baton and directs the affairs of this 
large plant, now in a chaotic condition, as 
changfs and repairs are being made which 
necessitate the almost dismantling of the 
huge machinery. The plantation end of Maria 
is ably conducted by Mr. Auguste Landry, a 
worthy son of a worthy planter sire, as evi- 
denced in the splendid plant cane and stubble 
he has produced on this place, all laid by in 
perfect order. A cane crop also that breaks 
the record for that great corn country. Mr. 
Landry certainly is doing more with his 
small force than roost men with double his 
means. A change over to Orange Grove reveals 
some fine cane and some not so good, especi- 
ally that which was obliged to battle for its 
life with the cane beetle. Extension of rail- 
road this year will add to tonnage of this 
popular factory here, as elsewhere. The ma- 
chinery is being overhauled by Engineer Frank 
Smith, an old stand-by of the company. 

Passing through Hope, the State farm, the 
good crops were still in evidence, showing 
careful culture, with an abundance of labor 
completely controlled. 

At Bayside a splendid prospect is seen. Over 
500 acres of D 74 are grown here, all very 
fine and vigorous, with as large acreage of 
other varieties of cane, all in fine condition 
and ready for a good rain. Colonel Sanders, 
the proprietor, takes active control of every- 
thing, ably seconded by the ever faithful and 
highly competent Will Harris, who has been 
in charge for many years. Owing to the large 
additions of new land the tonnage of cane of 
Bayside will be greatly increased. A cause 
of congratulation to the owner is the mag- 
nificent com crop, which assures plenty of 
feed for the year to come. This transition from 
heavy feed bills of thousands of dollars to 
none at all is a great relief, and this is the 
same condiiton of all our planters this year. 

Node. 



Avoyelles. 

(SPECIAL COBBESPoyDEXCE.) 

Editor LouiSfatitf Vlanler: 

The hot wave and the absence of rain since 
the 6th will soon begin to show their effects 
on the growth of the cane and corn crops of 
the Red River cane belt. While the cane 



crops are reported as growing and doing well, 
it is becoming daily manifest that unless rain 
comes to the assistance of the cane planters 
during this or the early part of next week 
the rapid growth which the cane crops have 
made during the past six weeks will without 
question begin to decline. The heavy dews 
which spread over the growing crops of cane 
and corn during the hot prevailing nights may 
tend to help the cause and afford some relief to 
the growing crops. At the same time the 
planters are hoping for rain in copious show- 
ers. 

The Avoyelles Boys* Com Clubs are up 
to the front this season with the most favor- 
able prospects that they have so far obtained 
in experimental com planting. With the ex- 
periments now being made in this parish, by 
not only the boys* clubs, but by the leading 
farmers and planters who hav6 taken up the 
work of breeding and improving their com, il 
is clearly evident that the day is not far off 
when Avoyelles will take rank as perhaps the 
foremost com producing parish in the State. 

If all rumors are correct, it seems that Mr. 
V. L. Roy, superintendent of education of this 
parish, will be made supervisor of the agri- 
cultural schools, some five of which are to be 
established in the Stat^, one of which it is 
now assured will be established at Bunkie. Mr. 
Roy has taken an active part in school work, 
specially so by encouraging the boys and young 
men to grow experimental plots to corn and 
other crops, until now such work has become 
contagious with all classes, the business man 
as well as the farmer. 

A rousing meeting > was held in Mansura, 
this parish, last week and a Truck Growers' 
Association was organized, with seventy-five 
business men and farmers as members of the 
organization Dr. Geo. L. Drowin was elected 
president, with A. Z. Chatlain, E. A. Mar- 
count, H. T. Ruling, F. Z. Lemvin, A. M. Du- 
cote, F. J. Kyet, O. Mayreaux and L. A. Nor- 
mand vice presidents, with A. J. Escude for 
secretary and treasurer. 

It appears that the farmers and business men 
of Mansura have a surfeit of the boll weevil 
and at last have decided to try other crops 
more profitable than cotton. 

From all accounts red joints, six, and in 
places eight of them, are showing up beauti- 
fully over the Red River cane belt. 

The temperature noted since the first, from 
2 to 3 o'clock in the afternoon, the hottest 
part of the day, has ranged from 94 F. to 96 
F. in the shade. As I close there is nothing 
in sight that would indicate rain. 

Ebin. 



St. Charles. 

(SPECIAL CORBESPONDENCB.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

The week gone by has been a scorching 
one, with the exception of Wednesday, when 
a good shower was had in the afternoon. This 
greatly refreshed the atmosphere and came as 
a godsend to the plants, especially the garden 
plants. On the different places the general 
field work has been of the order of finishing 
up the laying by and doing some hoe work to 
the cane : the hours employed were few, owing 
to the intense heat prevailing. The season for 
cutting off the tops of corn and using same 
ds feed is now open and nearly all the planters 
ire doing this and materially cutting down 



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40 ilTHE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. tVol. xliii, No. 3 



the feed bill. The animals are suflfering tor- 
tures from the mosquitoes, this pest arriving 
in untold millions just as soon as it becomes 
dark, and the eating and resting time of the 
animals is at an end. 

On the Ellington the laying by is about 
seeing its last days; the place has a large 
crew with the hoes, which is doing some nice 
work. The work in the house is moving for- 
ward nicely; the stacks have been mounted 
and painted. 

The many friends of Mr. Willie McCall, sou 
of ^Ir.Henry x»Aci3all, manager of the Destrehan 
plantation, will be glad to hear of his con- 
valescence. Mr. McCall was taken sick some 
months ago and had to take to his bed, suffer- 
ing from an attack of rheumatism ; his sickness 
was rather severe and as a result brought 
him down from a big, fat, robust fellow 
to a mere shadow of his former self. Willie 
says he is feeling O. K. and will be in good 
condition by the time the heavy season is on. 
He has not yet accepted a position any- 
where. 

Speaking of the S. P. C. A., we have one of 
our citizens who would make an ideal mem- 
ber, in the person of Mr .Theodore Becnel, of 
the Lone Star. Mr. Becnel has a couple of 
fine horses which he thinks the world of and 
consequently could not stand the mosquitoes 
interfering with his pets* rest and eating, so 
he had all one side of his stable screened, put 
in two windows and one door and had these 
screened, so the animals are protected from 
the skeeters and at the same time enjoy all 
the available breeze. He is about the only 
planter who has done as much for the dumb 
animal and his example is worthy rf imita- 
tion. 

The rice planters are seeing the last of 
the free water. Thursday morning & num- 
ber of syphons went dry and those few which 
were working had to be continuously worked 
upon to keep them going. Many claimed that 
they did not expect to do any pumping, but 
now it appears that they will have to change 
their minds and go to work and- rig up th€ 
pumping outfits. 

Died, Thursday, Mr. Rosemond Champagne, 
aged 67 years, an old and respected planter 
of this parish. He leaves a wife and five 
children. Freshie. 



St. James— Left Bank. 

(SPECIAL COltBESPONDBMCE.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

The summer showers which had become 
quite annoying, having lasted all of Jme and 
the first week of July, have left us for an- 
other clime and are not in the least regretted. 
The last ten days or so we have had dry 
weather and very warm and sultry tempera- 
ture. We are indeed in the throes of hot 
mid-summer; even the nights are disagreeable, 
once the cool evening zreezes have subsided. 

Whilst people in general are complaining 
of the intense heat, our planters' are jubilant 
over the state of affairs for their different 
crops. The excessive rains of last month had 
greatly contributed to the delay in the com- 
pletion of field work, which is now gaining 
headway. Nearly all have laid by their crops 
and all are satisfied about the condition of 
their canes for the season. Cane is standing 
several feet high and doing fine. I had the 
pleasure and surprise of seeing a cane of the 



old Creole brand cultivated here by an old 
colored resident, measuring four feet and con- 
taining nine well formed joints, just a couple 
of days ago, and the old man when asked 
about his crop said : "I have one of the 
finest stands I have seen in over fifteen 
years." 

The com and pea crops are very promising 
so far. The rice is advancing to maturity, 
the pumps having been all stopped, irrigation 
not being necessarj* any more. The few who 
have ventured in cotton cultivation are pleased 
to see their fleecy product in a fine condition. 

Owing to the excellent outlook for the crop 
several of the factories around here are be- 
ing looked into; necessaiy repairs attended 
and several new improvements added so as to 
facilitate the taking off of the crop. 

Mr. Jno. L. Copponex, one of our best 
known sugar planters, has been at death's door 
from pleuro-pneumoilia, having contracted 
same whilst working his crop in the hot days 
of June, and while physicians had lost hope 
of his recovery, his strong constitution stood 
it and, though his recovery is slow, it is now 
assured. 

Mr. Albert Manuel, owner of the Lily 
plantation, of which Mr. Alex Donaldson is 
the general manager, has been under the 
weather for some time, suffering from an 
acute attack of malaria, and leaves, we un- 
derstand, in a few days for the gulf coast, 
where he expects to improve his condition by 
the change, prior to his yearly trip north and 
east. 

Death recently claimed as his own our ven- 
erable old planter, Mr. J. Brou, who for the 
past several years has been engaged in cane 
culture here in our parish, but owing to his 
advanced age and failing health he left for 
New Orleans some months ago and resided 
with his son until death overtook him a couple 
of weeks ago. 

The heavy storm which visited our section 
last night at dusk came as a blessing in the 
form of a good shower and looked worse than 
it really was. Convent. 



To Annihilate Jolinson Grass. 

Coleman Co., Texas. 

An interesting letter from A. JEI. Yeager on 
Johnson grass reminds me of my intention to 
follow up my first letter with a second one on 
this subject. I partly waited to hear from 
some one else first to answer and correct any 
erroneous misstatements, as so many are made 
in writing about this grass, but Mr. Yeager 
is so much in line with myself and understands 
the subject so thoroughly that I can fully in- 
dorse his article. 

My first letter was not full enough to be 
thoroughly understood by practical farmers. 
For instance, when I claimed Johnson grass 
is an annual and. like all other annual plants, 
to destroy it needs to be kept from seeding, I 
should have stated its two method of seeding; 
above and below ground, or some one may 
simply keep the ordinary g^ain clipped off ex- 
pecting to destroy it. Now, the root-stock or 
underground seed so fully described by Mr. 
Yeager are the most important seed of all in 
the propagation of Johnson grass. 

The two seeds — grain and root stock — be- 
gin to form simultaneously. This gives the 
observant farmer his opportunity to strike the 
fatal blows in one season. Just as the grain 



heads begin to bunch to send out the headi 
to bloom these root stocks begin to form. They 
are of a beautiful ivory white, formed like a 
rooster's spur, just below the surface at the 
crown of the grass. They grow very rapidly, 
penetrating into the earth often several feet 
with their sharp points, branching often be- 
fore sending up a stalk for every branch. 
Every joint of this long root stock, abont like 
the joints of your fingers, and often three to 
four feet of them, is capable, under favorable 
conditions, of sending up a stalk the next year. 
No wonder it multiplies so rapidly. It is true 
these root stocks can and do send up stalks* 
the same year they are formed, but altogether 
at the tip end if not disturbed, and each i>oint 
IS a reserved force to multiply the next season. 
This, nevertheless does not keep this grass 
from being classed as an annual, for the root 
stock that sends out the tops the next spring 
dies and decays in the ground after it per- 
forms this function and starts grain and root- 
stock seed. 

These root stocks are persistent, however, 
in sending up tops and must be cut often just 
at the crown with hoe or sweep an inch or 
two below the surface, about every ten days 
until the last of July or August when their 
vitality is destroyed and the Johnson grass is 
annihilated. The work must begin early in 
the spring before any root stocks have time 
to form, and kept up until August, and every 
sprig of a top be kept from forming a seed top 
or bunching a seed top. Then no dangerous 
!00t stocks will form for next season. A 
splendid cotton crop can be raised on the 
same land while killing the Johnson grass. If 
cotton is checked in rows and plowed with 
sweeps both ways the labor will be light. Each 
plowing should be followed up with a hoe and 
each sprig of grass cut that escapes the sweep. 
These decayed root stocks not only enrich tne 
soil in humus, which cotton does well in, but 
also areate the soil to a considerable depth 
and prepares the potash and phosphorous nat- 
urally in thp soil, for plant food. If Johnson 
grass is not as good a fertilizer to renovate 
worn-out soils as the legumes it is the next 
thing to do it and much easier applied. In fact, 
it is almost self -applied and as soon as the 
average farmer recognizes its great economic 
value as a pay crop and fertilizer and learns 
how to control it Johnson grass will be hailed 
by many who now deem it as a pest, as a bless- 
ing in disguise to the southern farmer. — H. A. 
Halhcrty in Texas Farm and Ranch. 



Personai. 

Mr. Stewart, general sales manager of the 
Dubois Iron Works, of Dubois, Pa., "who 
make a specialty of gas and gasoline engines, 
gasoline motor cars, etc., was in the city dur- 
ing last week arranging for a distributinsr 
agency for their immense output of high grade 
engines. 

"Mr. Henry Delaune, of Napoleonville, Ija^ 
came down to the city on a visit a few days 
ago. Mr. Delaune stopped at the St. Charles 
hotel. 

Mr. G. B. Pngh passed through New Or- 
leans last Saturday on his return from Mexi- 
co, where he has been for the last eight 
months employed as sugar boiler for Messrs. 
Redo & Co., of the Eldorado plantation, on 
the west coa^st. Mr. Pugh has been connected 
with the Mexican sugar industry for several 
seasons and is one of our most expert vacuum 
pan manipulators. 



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PORBION LETTERS. 



Havana. 

(STAFF C0BKB8P0MDBNCE.) 

Havana, July 4, 1909. 
Sugar Market — ^The same quietness previous- 
ly reported continued prevailing in this mar- 
ket in consequence of the New York refiners* 
reluctance to continue paying the prices which 
had heretofore been ruling, and their with- 
drawal from the market at this moment, which 
is due to the lack of demand for refined sugars, 
is so much more surprising that it is the time 
when the consumption of this staple is the 
largest. Trusting in an early improvement in 
the demand and a corresponding advance in 
prices, the holders of the last remnants of crops 
still withhold them in the expectation that they 
will be able to dispose of ' them ere long on 
better terms than those they could obtain to- 
day for same. The market accordingly closes 
very quiet and nominal at from 2% to 2 13-16 
cents per pound, for 95-96 test centrifugals 
of good shipping classes and at from 1% to 
1% cents do. for 88-90 do. molasses sugars, 
stocks of which are by this time nearly ex- 
hausted. 

Crop News, — During the past week it con- 
tinued raining, but the distribution of the wa- 
ter was rather uneven, for whilst it was very 
abundant throughout the province of Pinar del 
Rio, at several parts in that of Matanzas and 
along the northern coast of that of Santa 
Clara, it was very scanty in the balance of 
the island; but owing to the previous rains, 
the lack of moisture was felt nowhere; on the 
contrary, the quantity of water previously 
fallen at several places is considered prejudicial 
in those districts, on account of the excess of 
moisture it imimrtcd to the soil, causing the 
overflowing of rivers at Remedios, interfering 
^ with labor in the fields and even destroying a 
certain number of fields recently planted In 
cane in some of the lower lands; but despite 
this slight drawback, the general appearance 
of the cane fields is generally splendid and quite 
promising for the next crop. 

Factory *' Preston:*— Till the 30th ult., Fac- 
tory "Preston," located on Nipe Bay, prov- 
ince of St. Xago de Cuba, had turned out 
246,500 bags of sugar and still had in the 
fields a quantity of cane sufficient to enhance 
its total production to 335,000 bags, provided 
the weather should allow it to prolong grind- 
ing until the middle of September. 

Factory "Conchita.** — ^The proprietor of this 
large factory, located at Alacranes, in the 
province of Matanzas, is contemplating to in- 
troduce great reforms in the machinery of 
same, in order to increase its means of extrac- 
tion to 12 per cent of the weight of the 
cane. 

Factory **Redencion," — The long abandoned 
factory at "Redencion,*' located in the province 
of Camaguey, is being equipped anew in order 
to place- it in condition to be operated again 
next year. 

The New Smoot Factory. — The construc- 
tion of the new factory I alluded to in one of 
my previous letters is said to be fast pro- 
gressing and the American Syndicate, its pro- 
prietors, are determined to do their utmost in 
order to start grinding at same early next 
year; about 80 caballerias of land (268 
acres) have already been put under culture 



and the buildings under which the machinery 
is to be set up are almost terminated. 

Last Plantations at Work. — During the 
week endin gthe 30th ult. there were only six 
factories still grinding; five iri the province 
of St. Yago de Cuba, viz., "Chaparra," "Bos- 
Ion," "Preston," "Santa Lucia" and| "San 
Manuel" and one in that of Camaguey, "Sen- 
ado." 

It is a well known fact that the great cli- 
matical differences existing between the west- 
ern and eastern regions of the island allow 
grinding to be prolonged muhc longer in the 
latter than in the former, and that is the 
reason why some factories located in the prov- 
ince of St. Yago de Cuba intend to continue 
grinding until the month of September. 

L. D. 



Why Don't England Produce Beet 
Sugar? 



(SPECIAL COBSESFONDBNCB.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

Now and then the question has been pro- 
pounded as to why England has not under- 
taken to raise sugar beets because no coun- 
try in the world consumes as much sugar per 
capita as does the land of King Edward VII. 
Every Englishman, according to the latest 
figures, consumes 88.4 pounds of sugar in a 
year, which includes children, babies and wo- 
men. Some have thought that the country 
was too small, but Denmark, with its 14,700 
square miles, has 7 beet factories; Holland, 
with only 12,680 square miles, has some 30 
factories; Belgium, with only 11,372 square 
miles ,has nearly four score sugar concerns, 
so that England, with an acreage of 51,000 
square miles (Wales not included), would 
have surely some such agricultural opportuni- 
ties, seeing it is about the size of Wiscon- 
sin. 

That soil and sunshine are the two great 
requisites for beet raising is well known, and 
immediately you hear the traveler from Amer- 
ica say that they do not have the sunshine, 
at least not in London, where the proverbial 
fog exists, and when unusually thick it re- 
sults in upturned pants from whence the 
tailors have launched the fad of the stylish 
•*tuck" in respect to foggy conditions in Eng- 
land and therefore a lack of sunshine. Yet 
experiments have been made as to beet cul- 
ture, though not on a large scale. It is well 
known that turnips and rutabagas are raised 
all over England, in fact tubers of any kind 
prosper especially 'in the central and .south- 
em portions of the little island. At Strat- 
ford on Avon, out about a mile from the 
center of the town, that is immortal because 
of the great and brilliant poet, Shakespeare, 
your correspondent saw hundreds of acres de- 
voted to what the Germans call "Runkle- 
ruben," the real parent of the present sugar 
beet. The Ehiglish raise considerable cattle 
in this section and the cows just feast on 
these tubers; they even feed them to horses. 
They were just gathering them the second 
week in November and piled them up m huge 
piles six and seven feet high, then encom- 
passed them with straw and covered them 
with about six inches of earth. This is all 
the protection they get for the winter, as 
the climate is mild. The agricultural experts 
say that they have no trouble raising good 
sized turnips or mangels and one would omy 
have to inspect a field like that near Strat- 
ford to ascertain the truth, for some of the 
tubers weighed three, four and five POunds. 

It was only lately in recent years (iyu«) 
that this very matter of sugar beets got its 
first airing in the House of Lords, at the 
time that Lord Denbigh made a motion to 



have a rebate on the excises of sugar made 
in beet countries. The rebate was equivalent 
to a bonus of 2 shillings and 6d per cwt 
and brought forth a discussion as to the rel- 
ative value of beet sugar, also that England 
had never given the beet a chance. Lord Den- 
bigh and Mr. Sigmund Stein, evidently a 
German, were appointed as a committee to 
look into the matter to see whether it would 
be advisable for the government to foster beet 
culture, our correspondent has not the de- 
tails of their report, but they learned that the 
English people were well versed in raising 
mangels and other tubers, that by^ ^J®!'^^,"*: 
tensive culture beets could be raised that 
would bring from 16 to 20 shillings a ton. 
They found, however, that only southern Eng- 
land was most adaptable in soil and sun- 
shine and that the beet would be a fine in- 
tegral in rotation because of various ele- 
ments it returned to the soil, esPffially where 
the toppings and leaves were left. This, as 
far as we know, was the extent of the ci- 
tation. It was also stated that the. la^/«^8 
to do the work would be hard to obtain. Any- 
one versed in social and economic conditions 
in England knows that the drift has been to- 
ward the cities for the last twenty years, so 
that the prime minister and other men at the 
head of government affairs .have become 
alarmed at the conditions resulting from ^e 
unemployed. Young men do not want to s^ 
in the country, and if you ^^^ to^«^ 
ragged men and women a 1 you need to J^o is 
i^ go down to Holborn via/uct, Pif^^i^yj^^^" 
cua and other places in London aj^ see » 
light you never see in any city in Germany, 
FrancJ, Switzerland, Holland or Denmark. 

Then another factor may deter the Bng^ 
lish from launching into such a new ente^ 
prise as manufacturing their own sugar. They 
have a peculiar insularity which centuri^ 
igo was a great blessing, stamped them with 
a decided individuality of their own a^ 
rather separated them, and when Europe 
woke up r to her comiercial and agricultural 
^"^ibilUies best exemplified in Germ^f^^^f,! 
^ide of insularity became more of a mill- 
stone than a mile stone ?°^„ «^^«,Ji^Jtu^ral 
said it made them commercial and agricultural 
Pharisees. Germany got all. sorte of trade, 
made all sorts of markets 3 ust because the 
Kaiser's subjects adapted t^iemselveB to their 
customers while England stood mow, for the 
Dolicv of "adapt and adopt nothing. inw 
sti&ked policy loaded down with prece- 
dents and traditions, with a complacency and 
satisfaction that overtakes an old Peop'e, h^ 
proved itself a losing proposition. An Eng 
lishman dared to say that his land was los- 
ing commercially because the country only 
plays to win, while Germany takes more pleas- 
ure in working than playing. , a«^s 
Mr F. W. Woll, of the Wisconsin Agri- 
cultural School, in Madison, in reply to my 
inqui^ as to England's no-beet-sugar-raising 
attitude, says in part: 



■*A considerable amount of sunshine is ab- 
solutely necessary for the production of high- 
grade beets and I should expect that beete 
irown in England would test low, although, 
of course, thev can obtam large yields. Eng- 
land has not Been in the habit of encouraging 
agricultural industries during the last gener- 
tion or more. For instance, it costs more to 
ship milk and dairy products to London than 
the Danes have to pay in transportation 
charges and if I understand the situation 
rightiy 'the English farmer is at a disa^^a^^^g 
in many ways in competing with farmers m 
other coiintries or in the colonies. The 
colonial system may also have something to 
do about the matter, as they import cane su- 
gar from the West Indies and other colo- 
nies." 

While in England my attention was called 
to the fact that so many of the nobility and 
also of the wealthy owned the farms and 
farmed for pleasure regardless of returns, and 
the only hope was to go back and parcel up 
the land to the middle and lower classes, as 
it once was in the feudal system, minus the 
mediaeval evils. Possibly some reader can 
throw more light on this interesting question 

S. G. RUEGG. 

South Germantown, Wisconsin. 



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[Vol. xlili, No. 3 



New York. 

(STAFF COBSBSPONDBNCB.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

The week has not brought forth anything 
definite in the way of additional new projects. 
Engineers here report that several new projw- 
sitions have come up, but they are in the 
very earliest stages and therefore can not be 
referred to by name. They are, we are told, 
chiefly located in Cuba. In Porto Rico the 
big things of the season are about closed up 
and, as will be recalled from the orders we 
have noted form time to time, it has been a 
good season. The McMurtrie-Guiler Com- 
pany, of this city and San Juan, P. R., report 
that the business at present is entirely in the 
way of minor repair work and small, exten- 
sions. They state that the heavy Fulton mills, 
which they have installed on the island recent- 
ly, as they are the representatives of the Ful- 
ton Iron Works, of St. Louis, Mo., have shown 
excellent results and that where such mills 
were installed they are even without repair 
work because the mills stood up so admirably. 
This is not the first time that we have heard 
reports of this nature where the present day 
high duty mills have been installed. 

The largest transactions we hear of were 
in connection with quadruple effects. One of 
the orders was awarded the Wheeler Condenser 
and Engineering Company, of this city and 
Carteret, N. J., by the Cuban American Su- 
gar Company, who, as we have previously 
noted, are making extensions at several of 
their plants. The quadruple effect referred 
to above is for installation in the Chaparra 
Central. 

The Niquero Sugar Company, of Niquero, 
Cuba, has just placed an order for a quad- 
ruple effect with Mesrs. Joseph Oat & Sons, 
of Philadelphia. They are also buying con- 
siderable additional equipment. Their offices 
are located at 107 Front street, New York. 
Mr. Samuel Vickess is the engineer in 
chargt*. 

Mr. W. J. Dyer, assistant manager of the 
Honolulu Iron Works, is in this country. He 
is on his annual vacation trip and is now 
in San Francisco. He is expected in New 
York in about a week.- He will remain here 
about a week or ten days. 

Mr. Edward Davidson, who has the reputa- 
tion of being one of the most prominent and 
successful sugar house engineers in Porto 
Rico and who.se home is in Massachusetts, 
arrived iu this city a few days ago, coming 
up to this country from his season's work on 
the island to spend his annual vacation. Mr. 
Davidson, who was at one time the assistant 
engineer at the Guanica Cfntrale, left there 
some years ago to assume charge as chief en- 
gineer at the Central Mercedita, of Yabucoa, 
on the south coast. It is stated among his 
friends that he holds the record for grinding 
more cane on a given size of mill with a mfJxi- 
mum extraction and a minimum percentage 
of maceration than any other engineer on the 
island. On account of the magnificent results 
he lias obtained for his employers during the 
last few years he has been offered and has 
accepted the position of general superintendent 
at the Central Plaza Grande, which is situ- 
ated on the island of Vieques. This plant is 
owned by Successores de Benitez. Mr. Da- 
vidson carries with him the best wishes of a 
host of friends in the industry. 



A development which is regarded with con- 
siderable interest in the sugar trade is the 
energetic campaign now being conducted by 
the Yaryan Comi>any. of 200 Fifth avenue, 
New York, to make its line of evaporating 
apparatus a strong factor in the manufacture 
of sugar. This company, which has been con- 
tinuously designing, selling and installing 
evaporating machinery for several years — in 
fact, it is claimed longer than any other com- 
pany in the United States in this line — has 
directed most of its efforts in other lines 
than the sugar industry. In view of the ex- 
cellent success with which their Yaryan, 
Standard and Wellner-Jelinek evaporators 
have met in the sugar plants where they have 
been introduced, it is now intended to wage an 
energetic campaign for their general adoption 
in the s-jgar industry. The Yaryan multipK* 
effect evaporator bases its claim for superior 
economy in steam consumption upon the large 
volume of evaporation and the rapidity of con- 
tact with the heating surface. The "Standard*' 
evaporator made by this company is a verticle 
tube evaporator, the liquid being held in bulk 
within the tube, and the steam applied on the 
outside. Evaporators of this type, having 
fine effects and of large capacity, have been in 
operation for a number of years. The Well- 
ner-Jelinek apparatus is claimed to be • the 
original of the so-called horizontal submerged 
tube evaporator, in which the tubes are se- 
cured by packing into the tube sheets in nests 
of four to eight, and the steam chests are so 
divided as to direct the course of the steam 
to cause an even boil throughout the effect. 



New York. 

New York, July 9, 1909. 

Business has not been vei-y active in the 
raw market. Some sales have been made, 
sugars in port and afloat, at 3.92, and second 
half July shipment at 3.95. The transaction:^ 
reported amount to 75,000 bags Cubas and 
Porto Ricos. 

The week did not start off well. There had 
been some hope that after the holidays the 
accumulation of refined sugar orders and a 
larger demand would strengthen the market 
and add the element needed to put the sugar 
situation in a good condition. But an im- 
provement strong enough to buoy the mar- 
ket and cause the refiners to clean up the 
large raw offerings has not happened this 
week. For a day or so ^the tone became a 
trifle firmer, but the market is closing in about 
the same position it held seven days ago. 
The sugars that could be bought then are 
still offered and the weight of the supplies 
to be had has not lessened and continues to 
exert its depressing influence ; S.9S% is the 
price asked. The raw situation won*t get 
any better until these sugars are disposed of 
and out of the way. Owners have been await- 
ing an increase in the refined demand to help 
them in obtaining the 3.98 Vj quotation. They 
have not wanted to lower the price while we 
are in the midst of the summer season, or- 
dinarily the tim^ of string markets, feeling 
that in delaying a little trade would surely 
improve and their supplies thus meet with a 
readier sale. But while the price asked has 
not been reduced, nevertheless owners have 
each day put forth the sugars on hand and 
the quantity in sight is having an effect not 
very beneficial upon prices. Quotations are 



meeting a hard enough struggle against the 
apathy in the refined trade without adding 
other obstacles for them to overcome. Bet- 
ter business is the thing needed to put life 
into the sugar market. It don't make bo 
much difference what Europe is doing, how 
the new cane and beet crops are progress- 
ing, or what owners want for the sugars they 
hold; if we don't get trade enough to use the 
stocks that come from the last crops some- 
thing must give way and the result prevail 
in lower price levels. This year's crops have 
been big and it needs a big demand to meet 
them. 

The London closing cable quotes beets at 
10/514, equal to 4.20 New York. 

Refined Sugar. — Late Wednesday afternoon 
the Warner Sugar Refining Company, it is 
understood, solicited orders in some markets 
f. o. b., net basis, 4.70, less 1 per cent cash, 
and yesterday made this price general, ex- 
cept to New York City, fimiting quantity to 
100 barrels each buyer, supplying granulated 
packed in barrels, bags and 4/25 lb. cotton 
only. Warner would not sell basis 4.70 plus 
New Orleans refiners' freight rate. With 
Warner limiting orders to 100 barrels and 
not supplying an assortment of any grades 
made by them which buyers might want, the 
general market is only slightly disturbed. All 
refiners, except Warner, quote f. o. b., net 
basis 4.75, less 1 per cent cash. 

M. G. Wanzob & Co. 



Hawaii. 

( SrifiCI AL COVRESPOKDENCE. ) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

Honolulu, July 1, 1909. 

The situation in regard to the strike of Japa- 
nese laborers on the island of Oahu is some- 
what improved, but still unsettled. The 
planteir. believe they can see evidence of weak- 
ening on the part of the strikers, although the 
latter maintain that they are as strong as 
ever. 

The worst blow to the enthusiasm of the 
strikers was the very evident snub they re- 
ceived from the Japanese Admiral Ijichi, who 
was here during the present week with the 
Japanese cruisers A so and Sayo. The admiral 
refused to be interviewed by the strike leaders 
and omitted inviting any of them or any of 
the editors of the strike-supporting Japanese 
newspapers to various functions on board his 
^hips. That the omission was intentional is 
evidenced by the fact that he included the edi- 
tors of the Japanese newspapers that opposed 
the strike. This snub is all the more significant 
when it is considered that the strike leaders 
attempted to make an international affair out 
of the strike. 

The stock market has strengthened some- 
what during the past week, and this is consid 
ered a good indication of returning confi- 
dence. 

The Oahu Railway and Land Company re- 
called two million dollars in six per cent bonds 
and has issued the same amount in fives. Prac 
ti'.Tii\\ the -whole new issue has been taken up 
in exchange for the old, few holders taking the 
cash. The new bonds are underwritten by W. 
G. Irwin & Co. 

The Hamakua and Kohala Litch Companies 
have consolidated to control the irrigation in 
their respective districts in the island of Ha- 



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waii. The deal involves about «,-,Ov;\/,000, the 
combined capital of the rwo companies. 

Accompanying this letter is the portrait of 
Mr. E. Westly, one of the ablest plantation 
chemists in the islands. Mr. Westly h£S spent 
his whole business life in the sugar industry. 
After leaving college he was for two years 
employed in the laboratory of one of the 
largpst sujjar mills in Sweden, both raw and 
rofin d sugar being manufactured there. 




E. WESTLY. 

Since leaving Sweden he has been employed 
in various mills i nthe Malay Peninsula, China 
and Java, before he came to the Hawaiian 
Islands. Mr. Westly is now chemist of the 
Paauhau plantation, on the island of Hawaii. 

The property of the ^ aauhau Sugar Plan- 
tetion comii rises a total area of 5,200 acres and 
is situated fifty miles from Hilo. The lowest 
altitude that cane is planted is ,300 feet, while 
the greatot elevation is 2.00<» feet. The 
method of transporting the ripened calie from 
the fields to the mill is very interesting. The 
cane is loaded in the fields direct to wagons, 
which have a capacity of from two and a 
half to thrfe tons, and conveyed to gravity 
tramways, which intersect the plantation at 
suitable points, where permanently estab- 
lished derricks are equipped with overhead 
traveling cranes operated by mules. The 
empty cars coming up the incline tramway 
ai'f- siopppd directly under the crane and by 
one niovMiient the entire load of cane is re- 
moved from the wagon and deposited in the 
car Tiains are* made up and sent down 
to tlu* bottom of the incline on a level with 
U.e main track, wTiPre they are picked up by 
the st*»inn engine and conveyed to the mill. 

This plantation- employs labor on the co- 
op,^i*ailv« plan, making contracts for planting, 
cult ivfi ting, fertilizing, etc. 

Cn AS. R. Frazieb. 



A Tour Throusrh Some Parts of India, 
December, 1907, to April, 1908. 

SUGAR, AGRICULTURAL AND MANUFACTURING 
OPERATION, RT PETER AREL. 

{Continued from Last Issue,) 

CANE DISEASES AND ANIMAL PESTS — COST OF 
CANES. 

Cane Diseases do not seem to giv€ much 
trcuble in India. At Behar I saw some evi- 
dence of borer, but not elsewhere. In the 
Poona cane districts there was no evidence of 
disease of any kind, and Coimbatore was equal- 
ly free from it. 

Animal Pests, white ants, jackals, pigs, etc., 
were, however, much complained of, but it ap- 
pears p05;sible to fence the pigs and the jackals 
out 

Cost of Canes. — The cost of canes serms to 
me to be most difficult to arrive at. No uni- 
form system of accounting appears as yet to 
have been adopted, but this may be expected to 
follow the elaborate care and earnestness with 
which the agricultural staff is following the en- 
quiry into sugar and sugar conditions. 

One cane grower in the Pandara District 
stated to me that he cultivates 70 acres, giving 
50 tons of cane per acre. How this weight was 
arrived at I was not informed. He makes on 
an average 50 pallas of 240 lbs. each of gul 
per acre, say 12,000 lb8.=5.3 tons gul. 

Cost of Cultivation per acre: 

PloMfff inir Rs. 2'. o. 

Planting 5. 0. 

Pln»-tinfi:~Plants 70. 0. 

Weeding, Applying manure . . 30. 0. 

Manure — Farm yard 150. 0. 

Castor Cake, Rs. 100, or 

Fish manure, Rs. 7o, say. . 100. 0. 

Watering aijd watching 12. 0. 

Rs. 392. 0. 

or £26.1.8 for 50 tons, say 
10/5d. x>er ton of canes. 
But he charges nothing 
for canal water which 
others put at Rs. 30 per 
acre. This would bring his 
expenditure up to Rs. 422. 0. 

£28.2.8, or 11. /3d. per ton 

Another in this district gave his cost of pro- 
duction per acre as under: 

Ploughing. 4 times Rs. 22. 8. 

Clod crushing 6. 0. 

Harrowing 3. 0. 

Ridging 2. 0. 

Manure, farm yard 112. 8. 

Manure, farm yard, applying. . 3. 0. 

Manure, oilcake, 1,200 lbs 37. S. 

Manure, oilcake, applying 1st.. 3. 0. 

Manure, oilcake, 2,800 lbs 90. 0. 

Manure, oilcake, applying 2nd . . 3. 0. 

Cane plants, 12,000 00. 0. 

Cane plants, transporting .... 3. 0. 

Weeding three times 12. 0. 

Labour, giving water 22. 0. 

Water charges (government) . . 30. 0. 

Total for cultivation Rs. 439. 8. 



Mr. A. J. Livaudais, of the Southdown 
plantation, near Ilouma, was at the Dene- 
chaud hotel on last Sunday. 



Yield was stated to be about 40 tons of can** per 
acre. This works out roundly. Us. As. P. 10.1">.9 
— r ncre or 14/7d. 
Cmshing expenses of above 

were put at, per acre Rs. 90. 0. 

Generalizations were made by this very intel- 
ligent cultivator as under: 
Approximate cost of 50 

cartloads of faiin yard 

m>inpro Rs. 150. 0. <> 

Approximate cost of 4,600 

Castor oil cakes 160. 0. 

Approximate labour charges... 150. 0. 



Rs. 450. 0. 



Against which, 50 pallas gul 

as 6.36 tons, gave 

2240 N. P. 760. 0. 

Profit per acre Rs. 800. 0. 

To statements as to profits per acre I attach 
no undue importance. In the figures published 
by the Agricultural Department up to now they 
occur, I fear, with only too great frequency. 
Statements as to cost of canes in various parts 
of India vary greatly. 

In Messrs. Mollison & Leather's Note on SiH 
gar in the Bombay Presidency the cost of cane 
growing on an acre of land and its manufacture 
into gul is given as under: 

Rs. A. P. 

First ploughing in Nov., 4 team 

plough does an acre in 4 days, 1 

ploughman and 2 boys or lads 

driving 10. 0. 

Second and third ploughing iu Dpc. 12. 0. 
Levelling with log harrow and 

breaking clods by hand imnlom'^ H. 3. 0. 
Manure, cartage and spreading 25 

tons Poudrette 180. 0. 

Rid*ring : Ridges 24" apart. 3 team 

plough, 1 ploughman, 1 driver, 

1 acre per day 2. 8. 

Making water compartments, con- 
tract rate 2. 4. 

Value of sets, 18.000 per acrt> 50. 0. 

Carrying sets to field, 1st watering 

and planting 5. 0. 

Watering 32 times in a year, 1 

man for 5 acres at 7% Rs. per 

month la 0. 

Hand weeding; 1st weeding a 

month after planting, and other 

3 at intervalsc as required un- 
til June 12. 0. 

Digging and making new beds in 

July 10. 0. 

Water rate, canal water 40. 0. 

Total for cultivation Rs. 344. 12. 

Cost of constructing gumal 

per acre 2 

Hire of mill and apparatus 

per acre 16 

Harvesting and gul making 

at contract rate of Rs. 5 

i)er (WM) lbs., say 85 

Marketing gul and comm., 

etc. (crop 40 pallas of 

246 lbs.) 39 142. 0. 

Total Rs. 486. 12. 

Value of crop 40 pallas at Rs. 
1-t ner nalla — Dricp varies from 
12 to 18 Rs. in any season 560. 0. 

Profit per acre 73. 4. 

The cost of canes, by the above showing 
would figure out thus: 

At 35 tons per acre 13. 4d 

At 40 ton^s per acre 11. Id 

At 45 tons per acre 10. 3d 

but this does not include cutting and delivering. 
Professor Knight before the Board at Cawn- 
pore in 1907 gave somewhat similar figures for 
Poona, viz. • 

For all work connected with cul- 
tivation Rs. 333. 12. 

This, for 40 tons cane, would work out at 
ll/O^^d per ton. For Surat the total cost was 
Rs. 234. 0. 0. per acre, but no idea of the 
weight of canes can be formed. 

Mr. S. Milligan ^-ives figures showing only 
Rs. 54. 0. as the cost of cultivating an acre 
nt Lynlly)ur. but he docs not seem to be too sure 
nbont hiH own or any other figures In connection 
with the subject, as there are no records extend- 
ing back. 

In neither of these cases is the cost of cut- 
ting and delivering charged against the cane lis 
it is in other cane countries. 

Mr. Moreland, of the United Provinces, gives 
figures as to the cost of cultivating and manu- 
facturing one acre of cane which are much be- 
low the foregoing: 

Digitized by VnOOQ iC 



44 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. t^ol. xlill, No. 8 



Upper Middle Rohilk- 
Doab Doab hand. 

Water rate 0.8.0 6.8.0 2.12.0 | 

Rent, seed and manure. . .23.8.0 18.8.0 33.4.0 i 
Cultivation and manu- 
facture 52.0.0 56.0.0 5a0.0 



82.0.0 81.0.0 94.0.0 

But Mr. Moreland asserts that neither the 
labour of the members of the family nor la- 
bour bestowed by neighbours under the com- 
mon practice of exchange is chargeable, further, 
that the labour of the cattle and the labour of 
done by members of the family. 

It is useless to argue here whether this should 
or should not be the practice, or to say more 
than that for purposes of comparison Mr. More- 
land's figures must be omitted.' 

The figures for the Central Provinces have no 
authoritative sanction and are also valueless. 

Tho^e from the Manjri farm and Baramati 
for lifut)-7, however, have been published by con- 
sent of the superior authority, and inasmuch as 
the canes have all been weighed, some import- 
ance may be supposed to attach to them. They 
were with one exception Pimdia canes. 

Per ton. 
8. d. 
Those grown with Potash and Saf- 

fiower cake cost 11 9 

The plots manured as above with 

adaition of superphosphate 13 0^ 

The nlotH 'nannrecl, farm manure 

and 200 lbs. nitrogen, do 15 10 

The plots manured, nitrate of soda 

and Safflower cake 15 6 

The plots manured with all mixed 

manures ^3 11^^ 

The plots watered with 93 in. rain- 
fall and 106 in. averaged 14 10% 

The plots with wider planting 16 3 

The T)lot.<< plantod wi^h toi)8. ranos 

and butts, averaged 17 9 

The Mauritius cane cost grown at 

Poona 16 2% 



The average cost of the whole. .14 9% 
without supervision. 



But this it is assumed includes the cost of 
manufacture which by these particular figures 
Ic is not possible to arrive at. Nor Is It easy 
from any of the other statements, neither of 
which give weight of canes, to ascertain it. 

Taking it at the extreme figure of % of the 
cost of growing the canes, it would work out in 
the Poona District at 11/1 H as the cost of 
growing the canos without including the cost of 
supervision or the cost of cutting and transport- 
ing them, which, in the case of centralizing the 
operat'Onjs, falls upon the grower. 

After much enquiry in a small factory where 
the sugar making was not given out by contract, 
I ascertained that the cutting, carting and strip- 
ping of canes cost pust 38.5 per cent, of thd 
total labour expenditure on manufacture, and 
chat this, ai the extraction of khand upon gur 
at Mr. Hadi's figure of 46.00 per cent, repre 
sented in sterling 19.3% for one ton without 
charging the cost of centrifugaling. Here again 
we were without the weight of the canes. As- 
suming — it is never safe to assume, but in 
this case it has to be done — that the yield was 
10 per cent., this would leave within a small 
fraction of 9d. to add to the cost of growing, 
bringing it up to 11/lOiid., say $2.84%. 

In parts of the United Provinces I have been 
informed that an acre of canes can be grown 
for Rs. 50, but that the yield is from 8 to 12 
tons, and the crushing from such cane, with 
small mills when in good order, may reach 50 
I)er cent, but goes gradually down to 48 per 
cent, and 40 per cent, as the mill wears. 

For the Burdwan District the cost of cultivat- 
ing one acre is given by Mr. N. N. Banerjee as 
Rs. 159.0, but here again no weight is given for 
the canes and Mr. Banerjee, in assuming that 
the average profit is Rs. 118.2 i)er acre remarks: 

'*It must be remembered that much of the la- 
bour employed both in cultivation and the man- 
ufacture of gur is supplied by the cultivators' 
own family, and the net profit is really, there- 
fore, greater than these figures indicate.'* 

This would indicate that Mr. Banerjee haf> 
not included the cost at its selling price of all 
the labour employed in growing the canes. 

Then we have Mr. Milligan. Deputy Director 
of Agriculture for the Panjab, giving the cost 
of cultivating one acre on a hired labour basis 



CANE CUTTING NEAR MANJBI, AT EXPERIMENTAL FARM. ON SHOLAPUR ROAD 



as only Rs. 54. 0. and from this he clain» to 
obtain 30 mauods of gur as against 72 maunds 
of gur obtained by Mr. Banerjee, and a profit 
of Rfi. 18.8.0 as against Mr. Banerjee^s Rs. 118. 
2.0. 

In the Panjab I was unable to obtain any re- 
liable information as to the cost of growing 
canes. 

In other parts I found Fabricants with mod- 
ern machinei-y buying canes at 13/4d. per ton, 
and at least one grower stating that this price 
did not pay when the canes had to be trans- 
ported a distance of 10 to 12 miles. 

The cost of canes in various parts of India 
would appear to vary considerably, but not so 
much apparently as the vield. 

Cutting. — seems generally to be done as part 
of the contract for manufacture, and it appeared 
to me to be rather clumsily and laboriously done 
with a small tool like a hatchet. 

The following, by Professor Knight, Bulletin 
No. 25 of 1905, will better describe the system 
than I can : 

"Sugar cane generally ripens in 10 to 12 
months though there are varieties which take 
18 months to mature. The canes intended for 
raw eating are cut about a month or so before 
they attain maturity. When ripe, a well grown 
crop shows a yellow colour and well developed 
buds. As this is not a sure test, a trial boiling; 
is made, and unless the juice yields a rea.sonable 
percentage of gul the further operations shouKi 
cot be begun. Again, unripe canes, although 
they may contain a great quantity of total sol- 
i«ls in their juice, will have a greater percentage 
of glucose and thus produce a gul which is 
liable to run in the monsoon. 

*'If a rattoon crop is expected, the canes are 
cut in such a way that a stubble of one to two 
inches is left ; otherwise the crop is uprooted 
cane by cane. Cutting is done by means of a 
straight-edged bil! hook, and the dead leaves are 
then stripped off by means of a curved scythe. 
The tops are also cut off with the same in- 
strument. The latter are used as fodder for 
cattle. The dry leaves are used for boiling 
jaggery or as material for thatching the hats." 

As to the cost of 

Transport, very little information was obtain- 
able. I had heard of canos being sent 17 miles 
under contract and saw some leaving the field 
on a 12 mile journey. Where stock are kept 
for cultivating other crops and sugar forms only 
a small part of the total area cultivated, it is 
not easy to arrive at anything near the true 
cost of transport. In Eastern Bengal and Assam 
.Mr. B. C. Basu. Assistant Director of Agri- 
culture (Proceedings, Board of Agriculture, 
Cawnpore, 1007), puts it at about one anna per 
maund for a distance of three miles, say 2/3d. 
per ton. This is under the average cost in the 
West Indies some years ago, including the 
purchase and cost of keep of stock which had 
to be maintained exclusively for transport pur- 
poses, and is probably for such a distance not 
very far wide of the mark. 

The railway rates, mentioned by one pur- 
chaser of cane brought from a distance as 
something under %c per ton mile, seem very 
reasonable, but I saw no trucks specially de- 
signed for carrying cane, and the packing of it 
by hand into ordinary covered wagons seemed 
a very tedious and very expensive process, and 
its removal and transfer to carts at the other 
end equally tedious abd expensive. Whether 
rhe fabricant or the cultivator paid for. all this 
r did not ascertain. The cane was said to be 
bought at Rs.lO 1.3/4d. per ton. Railway rates 
for transport of coal seem reasonable, but coal 
i« not everywhere procurable and distances are 
great. 

(To he Continued.) 



Personal 

Mr. J .B. Churchill, for many years con- 
nected with sugar plantation management at 
Lakeland, La., was a Tuesday guest of the 
Hotel Grunewald. 

Mr. G. B. Reuss, a prominent sugar plant<!r 
of the upper coast, was in New Orleans on 
Tuesday. He stopped at the Cosmopolitan ho- 
tol. 

Mr. Wm. E. Volz. for many years connected 
with the Wheeler Condenser and Engineering 
Company, of Cartaret, N. J., has severed his 
connection with that company and will take 
a long needed rest from business before get- 
ting once again into harness. 



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July 17, 1909.] 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



45 



Las Palmas Suirar Plaatatioa, Argen- 
tina. 

It was about the year 1874 that Messrs. 
Hardy Brothers, of Belfast, established the 
importing firm of Hardy & Co., in Buenos 
Aires; the late Mr. Richard Hardy was the 
head of the firm, and the business grew so 
fast that they found themselves in a very 
short time at the head of a large trade in 
Irish linen and hessians. The finest linens 
from Ireland were introduced into this mar- 
ket by the firm and found a splendid sale, 
and the sugar business, which was then in 
its infancy and creeping up, generated a de- 
mand for bagging which Messrs. Hardy & 
Co. for many years supplied. No merchant 
in Buenos Aires watched the market more 
keenly or studied the currents of trade more 
closely than Mr. Hardy ; he saw the tendency 
of the country to protective customhouse du- 
ties, and with a zeal deserving a better result 
he was the first to start flax growing in the 
Plate and literally spent a thousand i>ound8 
on an experimental flax farm in Quilmes. 
He brought out the best machinery, scutched 
the flax here and spun the Argentine yarn in 
Ireland; but one way or another the result 
was not favorable; he then turned his mind 
to the manufacture of hosiery and under- 
clothing, introduced the best machinery and 
all those great and important manufactories 
of stockings and undershirts which exist in 
the city to-day were founded and introduced 
by Mr. Hardy. He traveled over the coun- 
try in every direction, studying its adapta- 
bilities and requirements; he visited Tucuman 
and was in and out through every sugar fac- 
tory in that province; he traveled over Entre 
lUos and Corrientes. It was a period re- 
markable for what is termed concession fever; 
everyone was taking out concessions, and Mr. 
Hardy followed the current, visited the Gran 
Chaco and took out a concession in the year 
1880 to start a sugar plantation and factory 
at Cerrito, which is beautifully situated al 
the confluence of the three rivers: Parana, 
Upper Parana and Paraguay ; and here he 
made his first start in sugar planting, with 
such unlooked for success that he soon discov- 
ered the area of arable land for the planting 
of sugar cane was too limited for his views. 
He mounted his horse with the zeal of a 
Raleigh; galloped into the Chaco, explored 
its fastnesses and came ui>on beautiful high 
upland lands, studded with forests of palm 
trees and not many leagues distant from his 
establishment in Cerrito. He at once ap- 
plied to the government and under the terms 
of the land laws received a territory of four 
hundred square miles, and it is on this mag- 
nificent territory that he constructed the fac- 
tory and built up the establishment which we 
now visit. 

The Messrs. Hardy's sugar establishment at 
Las Palmas, in the Chaco Austral, is the 
largest, the grandest and most successful of 
all the sugar plantations in the Chaco. In 
point of industry, population and yield it 
compares favorably with the best establishment 
of the kind in Tucuman, and had everyone who 
obtained concessions from the government 
carried out his concession with the same ex- 
actitude as Messrs. Hardy, and with the 
same amount of capital, we should in all proba- 
bility have the little village of Resistenda 



another Johannesburg to-day. The best and 
most productive seed in this country is the 
gold sovereign, when judiciously sown and 
economically employed; witness the Great 
Southern Railway, the London River Plate 
Bank, the Liebig fabric in BYay Bentos, and 
the Hardy sugar factory of Las Palmas. Las 
Palmas is paved with sovereigns, from the 
port to the factory, from the factory to the 
Indian village of Cancha Larga, from the 
colonies still further out, back to Mr. Hardy's 
bouse; in every field, in every Indian path, 
in every "senda" we see the impress of the 
gold sovereign. 

Three hundred yeans ago the Missionary 
Jesuit Fathers, without gold or silver, with- 
out sovereigns or paper money, and with no 
other elements than the bell, the candle and 
the cross, worked out the same programme as 
Mr. Hardy to-day. The Jesuit Fathers 
founded towns, villages and factories and taught 
the savage to work, to live and to pray. Mr. 
Hardy aims at less, and his only ambition is 
to teach them to plant and cut sugar cane, 
for which he gives them good food and good 
wages. Had the missionary Fathers been al- 
lowed to continue their humanizing and chris- 
tianizing programme the Gran Chaco would 
now be a very different country to what it 
IS. One* hundred and fifty years ago His Most 
Catholic Majesty, the King of Spain, turned 
all the Jesuit Fathers out of the country and 
the labors of those exemplary Fathers for 
two hundred years were wiped out in a 
Jay. 

Here at this very establishment which we 
now visit we find the descendants of the 
Tobas, who two hundred and sixty years ago 
were converted to Christianity by Father 
Moutoya, and even in the Santa Fe portion 
of the Chaco relics still exist of the Mis- 
sionary Fathers, although their footprints are 
almost erased. When His Catholic Majesty, 
ihe great King of Spain, expelled the Jesuits, 
the poor, half-christianized Indians took to 
the woods and went back to their savage 
state to escape the tyranny and rapacity of 
the officers and employes of the Spanish 
King; and of the various tribes of Indians 
which then existed in the Chaco — the Tobas, 
AJLocovis, Abiponis, Ocolos and Matacos — but 
a handful now is left. The Tobas, who were 
the most peaceful, predominate, and the other 
fiercer tribes are all but extinct. 

During our sojourn in Las Palmas we made 
an excursion with Mr. Young, a native of 
Ireland, the manager of the establishment 
and partner of Mr. Hardy, to some distant 
sugar cane fields, where the Indians were 
cutting the cane at a place called Cancha 
Larga. Mrs. Young, with her children, accom- 
panied us. We traveled on the jaunting car 
of the railway. Although in the middle of 
winter, it was as hot as the hottest sumqier 
morning in Buenos Aires. The train stopped 
at a deserted Indian village or wigwam, as the 
Indians with their wives and children were all 
away out some leagues distant permanently 
for the season, cutting cane. We strolled 
through this deserted village ;. the little houses, 
or "ramados," are made with a few upright 
sticks, with long grass roofs, neatly thatched; 
the only furniture that we saw in the place 
consisted of the bedsteads, if they can be so 
called, composed of four upright sticks, with 
split palms laid across. The Indians never 



slet^p on the ground for fear of snakes and 
damp, and an Indian bed is so large and wide 
that it is evidently constructed to hold the 
whole family, no matter bow numerous. There 
are no division walls and hence they all live 
together, and the Indians have a custom, 
whenever a member of their tribe is dying, to 
take him from his bed and lay him on th^ 
earth. Rude as everything was around, there 
were still some evidences in platted strings and 
wooden pillows of some attempt at com- 
fort. 

Las Palmas has a i>opulation of about 2,200 
and is the headquarters of the department, 
having comisarios, i>olicia, juzgado de paz, 
postoffice, telegraph office, two national 
schools and resguardo del Puerto. 

All steamers from Buenos* Aires to Paraguay 
stop at Las Palmas. Distance from Buenoi 
Aires, about 800 miles, being from four to 
five days* voyage by steamer. Rates of 
freight, $7 to $8 per ton down and from 
$10 to $11 up the river. Freight from Tucu- 
man, about $48 per 1,000 kilos. 

The colony of Las Palmas comprises eight 
square leagues, which surround the factory. 
The land has all been carefully measured and 
laid out :n "charcras" of one hundred hec- 
tares, with a road between each, and the 
sites for two towns have been marked off* 
Several Chacra lots have been sold to colonists, 
payable in ten yearly installments, at prices 
ranging from fifteen to fifty national dollars 
per hectare. The land may be divided into 
three classes — about one-third agricultural 
one-third pastoral and one-third timber, and 
all well watered. 

Besides the above eight leagues, of which 
the Messrs. Hardy have definite titles, there is 
another concession of thirty-two square leagues 
which surround Las Palmas. On this land the 
firm has a cattle estancia with about 5,000 
head, wfiich is managed by Mr. Hardy's cousin, 
Mr. Herbert Hardy, a native of Galway, Ire- 
land, who for tiger shooting has established 
such a fame that he is considered the best 
shot in South America. The lands of this 
concession are very fine and are more or 
less the same formation and quality as Las 
Palmas. Mr. Hardy pays the government for 
the purchase of these lands 1,500 per league, 
with the additional compromise of investing 
$10,000 per four league of land; but with the 
cattle already on the land this part of the 
compromise has already been fulfilled; he has 
now only to complete the measurement, three- 
fourths of which is already done, and pay in 
four yearly installments for purchase money. 
The full particulars of the sugar machinery, 
distillery, work shops, railway plant and roll- 
ing stock at Las Palmas would need the pages 
of a magazine rather than the columns of a 
newspaper. There are three large independent 
t;ugar grinding mills, with separate engines, 
capable of crushing 400 tons of cane per 24 
hours by the system of triple expansion. The 
cane, after passing mills Nos. 1 and 2, is 
treated with hot water and steam , i>a8sing 
through a hot water bath, and the residue, 
or Begass, after leaving the third mill, passes 
away thoroughly dry to the megass stage, to 
be used as combustible for the furnaces. The 
factory is supplied with steam from eight large 
boilers, with furnaces specially adapted for 
burning the green megass. The clarification 
plant consists of thirteen steam pans and four 



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46 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xliil. No. 3 



filter presses, and the evaporating plant of a 
quadruple effect and triple effect pans, with 
two vacuum pans with independent engines. 
The sugar is dried or cured in thirteen cen- 
trifugals, driven by large diagonal engines. 
There is a complete electric light installation, 
with three dynamos. The distillery is fitted 
up with a high class still and a rectifying 
still for making an absolutely pure spirit. The 
work shops comprise fitting shops, complete 
with lathes; three blacksmith shops, carpenter 
and cooper shops, also locomotive repair shed. 
Then there is a saw mill, with bench saws, 
circular saws, and general carpenters* bench. 
All the sugar plant has been supplied by the 
well known firm of Mirrlees, Watson and 
Yaryan Company, Limited, Glasgow. 

The railway material is very complete, 20,148 
meters permanent way laid with wooden sleep- 
ers every two and a half feet, five bridges, 
switches, water tanks, etc., $.636 meters of 
portable and semi-portable way with iron 
sleepers, Fowler system. These are laid down 
and taken up in an hour and they carry the 
wagons for the cane to the plantations in 
every direction. They have six portable turn- 
tables and patent weigh bridge. There are 
four large bogie wagons, ten wire-covered goods 
wagons, four tipping wagons and 335 large 
sugar cane wagons. We may have remarked 
that the most powerful and necessary agent or 
element in the working of this factory is the 
railway ; it does the work of an army of 
peons ; morning, noon and night the trains I 
are running during the crushing season, which ' 
lasts for about five months, from May to Oc- ■ 
tober, bringing the wagons laden with canes 
from the fields and taking out the empty 
wagons to be reloaded. 

There are about a thousand hectares, or say 
two thousand four hundred acres, under cane, i 
of which about five hundred hectares belong 
to Messrs. Hardy and the rest to colonists. In ' 
a good year one hectare will give from 50 1 
to 60 tons of cane, but at a low average it | 
gives .35 tons. The cane fields last about 
five years, after which it pays to replant. The 
existing plant of this magnificent factory is 
capable of dealing with a crop of 45,000 to 
50,000 tons, commencing May 1 and ending 
September 30, if there are no stoppages or 
breakdowns. A yield of per cent of sugar 
may be safely calculated on from a crop of 
45,000 tons of canes. 

The steamer "Las Palmas," which belongs 
to the factory, is of iron, 80 feet long, with 
twin screws, and can carry 500 bags of sugar, 
with accommodation for three or four passen- 
gers. The pontoon *'Dulce" is a large iron 
pontoon, with decks specially built to store 
sugar for the river steamers. Sne can store 
under decks 2,000 bags. 

All the splendid outlying lands belonging to 
Mr. Hardy might profitably be developed by 
putting more cattle on or starting another 
sugar estate, with the idea of erecting another 
factory; or oil-producing plants might be cul 
tivated and an oil mill erected, which requires 
little capital, and Is a most remunerative bus- 
iness. The timber and palms on the esfhte 
will some day be of immense value, and as for 
firewood, there is a supply for the next 150 
years. There is no scarcity of native labor, 
and it seems to us that sugar can easily be 
produced in the Chaco for export. All the 
colonists (farmers or small planters) of Las 



Palmas are Europeans, prosperous, contented 
and happy ; they have comfrotable homes and 
respectable balances to their credit in the 
books: and I think there are many in Buenos 
Aires who, if they knew of the facilities which 
Mr. Hardy affords his colonists, would be 
very glad to take the steamer and make a 
fresh start in life at Las Palmas. — Buenos 
Ayres Standard. 



The Qrezz Co., Ltd. 

The Gregg Co., Ltd., of Newburgh, N. Y., 
with southern branch at No. 418 Common 
street, New Orleans, dealers in plantation 
i*ailway equipment, have presented to the 
planters pf this section several features in 
cane car specialties, which are distinctly new. 
Among these are their Patent Malleable Iron 
Cane Car Croupiers, with the links and pins 



Queeasland, Australia. 

Mabtbobouou, May 18. 

This season, compared with last year, has 
ben dry, but there has been sufficient rain, 
assisted with heat, to promote growth, and 
the time lost early in the present growing 
season has been amply made up. At Bauple 
the cane crop is in a well developed state, 
comparatively free from grub and, given a 
few refreshing showers between this and har- 
vest time, the crop will be an excellent one. 
In this district the area under cane has been 
increased by the planting of scrub land, some 
of which has been planted long enough to con- 
tribute to the crop that will be crushed at 
the Bauple mill in the forthcoming season. 
The branch line from Gundiah on the north 
coast to the mill is being made ready, while 
the permanent way will be carefully over- 
hauled ready for the season. 

The cane at Pialba is said to be equal to 
any crop yet grown there. The cool, crisp 
evenings have somewhat retarded growth, but 
the hot days and th«» suitable distribution of 



fastened permanently to them ; the Journal 
Boxes, with the brasses held in position 
in a positvie manner; The Ring Chain 
Lock, which they consider is the 
surest and simplest on the market. An- 
other thing which is finding favor is their steel 
wheels, which are guaranteed against break- 
age. This material can be supplied to fit any 
make of equipment, and the many sales 
throughout the State attest of its popular- 
ity. 

These features are all embodied in their All 
Steel Cane Cars, of which we show cuts, both 
of the 4 and 8 wheel types. These cars will j 
be in use the coming season at many of the 



rain this season have combined to produce a 
crop which in density will, it is judged, be 
equal to any preceding and much better in 
quality than last .season's cane, the density 
of which was so seriously lowered by a visita- 
tion of frost in July. Newly planted land 
will contribute an important share to the ap- 
proaching harvest. I^ast season Dr. Max- 
well bought for the Bauple mill a large part 
of the entire Pialba crop, and the competition 
this somewhat unexpected purchase occasioned 
increased the price to the producer. Inspec- 
tion with a view to purchasing cane has not 
commenced, but will probably take place some- 
what earlier this season than in past seasons, 
owing to the increasing demand for Pialba cane 
and the facilities for carriage, due to the 
construction of the (Tundmh line and compe- 
tition from other mills. 



largest and best known plantations in the 
State, including those of C. S. Mathews, 
Argyle P. & M. Co., J. W. Foster, J. D. Shaf- 
fer, Lockport Cent. Ref. and Mfg. Co., Levert- 
Morvant Plant. Co., and many others. It is 
noticeable that in all these cars the planters 
have without exception chosen the steel wheel 
in place of the cast iron with chilled tread. 

• Tlie Oregg Co. also manufacture switch ma- 
terial of the best quality, and have a com- 
plete line of this and track accessories on 
hand in their New Orleans warerooms, from 
which they can effect immediate shipment on 
rush orders. 



The railway department seems to be willing 
to continue its policy of granting needful sid- 
ings, and erecting derricks for loading cane 
along the Pialba branch. Nikenbah is now 
an imi)ortant cane loading siding, well sup- 
plied with facilities for transferring whole 
loads of cane from the farmers* wagon to the 
railway trucks. 

The cane land planted of late at Mungar 
.Junction will increa>e the cane yield from this 
siding, which as yet is not provided by the 
railway department with appliances for load- 
ing cane on trucks. 

Queenslander. May 22, 1909. 



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July 17, 1M9.] 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



47 



Joly 16tK. 

SUGAR. 

Clarifibd^ 

96» Test 

Plantation Granulated 

Choice White 

Off White 

Choice Yellow 

Prime Yellow 

OflYellow 

Seconds 

Opbn Kbttlb Cbntrifugal, 
Old Process Opbn Kbttlb, 

MOLASSES. 

3pbn Kbttlb Cbntrifugal* 
3ld Procbss Opbn Kbttlb« 
Cbntrifugal 

CANE SYRUP. 



WEEKLY MARKET REPORT. 



1909. 



July 10 



— @392 

- © - 

4A<SfA 
4 (34>^ 

Nominal 



Nominal 
@ - 
None 

None 



July 12 



- @392 

- ® 

43^@4A 
4A@4A 

^ @4>i 

8iS@4 

2H®SH 

Nominal 

- @ - 

Nominal 

- @ - 
None 

None 



July 13 



Nominal 

- ® - 

None 

- @ - 
Nominal 

None 



July 14 



- @392 

- ® — 

- ®^h 

4A@4tV 
2%(§3?f; 

Nominal 



Nominal 

- @ - 

None 

None 



July 15 



— @392 

- e - 

- @4>i 

4A@*A 

4 @4>i 
37i(§4 

2H®SH 
Nominal 



Nominal 

-@ - 

None 

None 



July 18 



Smm iff List Ttar 



3 @3A 

- @ - 

4tt(&4jh{ 
4M@4A 

^®^€ 

4 @4k 
37i(34 
2H®^H 

Nominal 

- (^ - 



Nominal 

-@ - 

None 

None 



-(84A 

- e - 



4ti@ - 
4A®4fi 
4>4@4>ii 

^h®^H 
4 @4^ 



None 
-@ - 
Nommal 

None 



TtMtf ■arlnlat 
ClfMtfr 



Quiet. 



Nominal. 



Nominal. 



OTHBR MA^RKBTfi. 



Nbw York: 

Centrifugals. 96^ 

Muscoyado, 69^ 

Molasses Sugars, 89^ 

Granulated 

Standard A 

London: 

JaTa, No. 16 D. 8 

A. and G. Beet 

Cubes 

XXXX Powdered 

Standard Powdered 

Fruit Powdered 

Coarse Powdered 

Standard Fine Granulated. 
Standard Fine Granulated 

ia IM-lb. Mcks in balk 

Confectioners Candy A. . 



— @3 92 



- @4 76 

- @4 60 



lis. i^d. 
lOs. 6d 



— @3 92 



«4 76 
©4 60 



lis. 4><d. 
10s. 6d. 



@3 92 

@ - 
@ - 
(&i 75 
@4 60 



lis. 4^d. 
10s. 6d. 



- @3 92 

- @ - 

- @ - 

- @4 75 

- @4 60 



lis. 4Kd. 
lOs. 6d. 



@3 92 



@4 75 
©4 60 



lis. 3d. 
10s. b}id. 



- @3 92 



- @4 76 

- @4 60 



lis. 3d. 
10s. 5)^d. 



- ©4 36 



- ©5 30 

- ©5 15 



12b. i^d. 
lis. 3d. 



Raws- Quiet 
and iteady. 

Rkfinkd— 

Quiet. 



Canb- Quiet, 
little doing. 

Bbkt— Steady; 
full J main- 
Uined. 



IVBW ORLrBAIVfi RBprilVBD. 



- ©5 05 

- ©4 95 

- ©4 90 

- ©4 90 

- ©4 90 

- ©4 80 

- ©4 80 

- ©4 80 



©5 05 
©4 95 
©4 90 
©4 90 
©4 90 
©4 80 

©4 80 
©4 80 



~ ©5 05 

- ©4 95 

- ©4 90 
-©4 90 

- ©4 90 

- ©4 80 

- ©4 80 

- ©4 80 



- @5 06 
-@4 96 

- @4 90 

- @i90 

- @4 90 

- @4 80 


- @4 80 
-@4 80 



- ©5 05 
,- ©4 95 

- ©4 90 

- ©4 90 

- ©4 90 

- ©4 80 

- ©4 80 

- ©4 80 



- ©5 05 

- ©4 95 

- ©4 90 

- ©4 90 

- ©4 90 

- ©4 80 

- ©4 80 

- ©4 80 



— ©5 60 

— ©5 50 

— ©5 45 

— ©5 45 

— ©5 45 
~ ©5 35 

— ©5 35 

— ©5^ 



Improyed de- 
mand. Steady* 



STOCKS. 

At four ports in the United States to July 7, 1909 374,629 Tons 

At four ports of Great Britain to July 1,1909 111,000 " 

At Cuba, six ports to July 6, 1909 176,000 " 



.Receipts and Sales at New Orieans.for the week endinc July 16. t909. 



Hhds. 



-Sxigar- 



Reoeiyed . 
gold 



Barrels. 
12,081 
15,281 



Nolaaaoa 

Barrels. 

3,099 

3,099 



Receipts and sales at New Orieans frem Sept. t, 1908. te July 16. 1909. 

'--— — Sxigar -^ Nolaaaoe 

Hhds. Barrels. Barrels 

ReoeiTod — 1,721,101 268,797 

Sold - 1,677,409 268,397 

ReoeiTed same time last year .... — 1,851,799 253,463 



RICE. 

ROUGH, per bbl. 



Honduras • 
Japan . 



CLEAN, per lb. 
Honduras: 

Head 

Straights... 
Screenings . 
No. 2 



Japan: 

Head 

Straights... 
Screenings . 



No. 2. 



Bran, per ton . . . 
Polish, per ton . * 



July 10 



Nominal 
Nominal 



4^4@6>^ 
3^©4^ 
2K©2?g 

2 © - 

3 ©3^ 

- ® 
2%®2yi 
2 © - 

22 00© — 
27 00(d28 00 



July 12 



Nominal 
Nominal 



4 ©6K 
3 ©4 
2 ®2H 

- ©2 

2h®m 
- © - 

2 @2H 

- ©2 

22 0© - 
27 00(«)28 00 



July 18 



Nominal 
Nominal 



4 ®e}i 

3 ^4 
2 @2H 
- © 2 

2h@^h 
- © - 

2 ©2^ 



22 00© - 
27 00r<d28 00 



July U 



Nominal 
Nominal 



4 ©6X 
3 ©4 
2 ©2X 
- ©2 



23i@3^ 
- © - 
2 @2}4 



22 00© — 
27 00(928 00 



July 15 



Nominal 
Nominal 



4 @^H 
3 ©4 
2 ©2^ 

- ©2 

23i©3^ 

- @ - 
2 ®2H 

- ©2 

22 00© — 
27 00^28 00 



July 16 



Nominal 
Nominal 



4 ©8X 
3 ©4 
2 ®2^ 



2h®^h 

- © - 
2 ©2^ 

- ©2 

22 00© — 
27 00^28 00 



Same Day 
Last Year 



3 50©4 50 
2 75©4 25 



4«©6?i 
3Ji©4J^ 

2>i®2h 

3X©43i 
- © - 
3 ©3^ 
2)i©2% 

17 50©21 50 
26 50^29 00 



Tone of Market 
at close of week 



HonduraK- 

Nomlnal. 



Japan— 
Nominal. 



Hondnrae- 

Steady. 



Japan- Steady. 



B90«»|Pt> thus tAT this week 

BaoAipis thus Car this season 

HMelptsdariniC^amA time last year. 



Raoolpta ^nd SeLloa eLt Now^ Orloana. 

Backs Rough. PookeU of Clean, 
914 5.596 

1,260,819 866,060 

1.179,217 669.792 



Sacks Roagb. P-km auof OJesB 

Sales thus this Week (lBoln<llng miUaiv' reoalpts). 840 8,062 

Sales thus fkr this Heason, 1,191,923 1.017,868 

Sales dnrtng same ttme r^ast Tear 1,106,880 1.106.980 



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48 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xUll, No. 8 



WANTS 



We win publish In this column free of charge 
until further notice, the applications of all man- 
agers, OTerseers, chemists, sugar-makers and oth- 
ers who may be seeking positions, and also the 
wants of planters and sugar manufacturers de- 
siring to employ any of these. 

These advertisements will be inserted until 
they are pushed out at the bottom of the column 
by the influx of new adTertisements at the top. 
Any adyertiser may have his advertisement re- 
inserted anew, however. If he will write it out 
again and send it in to us. 

We cannot undertake to forward by mail replies 
to the advertisements in this column, even though 
postage be supplied, and, to secure publication in 
the issue of the succeeding Saturday, they must 
reach us not later than Thursday morning of 
each week. 



HELP WANTED. 



WANTED two assistant sugar boilers. Ad- 
dress Thos. C. Glynn^ Chamberlain, La. 

7-14-09. 



ONE assistant engineer, one clariflfer man, one 
head centrifugal man, who can bring four good 
centrifugal men with him. Addre/is Li/lpybttb 
Sugar Ref. Co., Lafayette, La. 7-7-09 

TWO sugar boilers for Cuba. Apply with ref- 
erence. L. J. S. 2829 Bell St, New Orleans, La. 

6-30-09 



WANTE}D Sugar house engineer for 500 tons 
factory in Porto Rico, to make repairs and al- 
terations, and take off crop. Apply stating age, 
experience, references and salary expectations. 
Knowledge of Spanish desirable, but not essen- 
tial. Some knowledge of draughting is also de- 
sirable. Must be available about Sept. 1. Apply 
to Post Office Box No. 1 — Patlllas, Porto Rico. 

e-30-09. 



ONE competeat chemist with cane experience. 
Must thoroughly understand chemical control. Three 
assistant chemists. Wanted for the earning Louisi- 
ana crop. F. P. BBBBiBMAjr, 7529 St. Charles Ave., 
New O rleans. 6-26^ . 

0HES4IBT. for Mexico. Applicants please state 
college training and practical experience. Also sal- 
ary expected. Must report Dec. ut. Address Q571L- 
LE&, oare of The Louisiana Plahtbb. 0-17-09 



DRBCTINO engineer! for Pratt Imperial sugar 
mill machinery ; must be capable machinists with 
experience both in shops and in the field. Ad- 
dress with references Pbatt Bnoxnbbsxmo ft Ma- 
CHINB Co.j Atanta, Qa. 6-9-09 



A MAN to sell sugar-house paints and mill sup- 

8 lies. Must have acquaintance and experience. Ad- 
ress Paints, care of the Louisiana Pujcntsb. 
889 Carondelet St.. New Orleans. 5-6-09 



SUGAR BOILER for coming season. Plant two 
million capacity. References especially as to qnal- 
it/ of sugar and extraction. Thorough knowledge 
of clarification. Address P. O. Box 146, Whlte- 
castle. La. 5-4-09 



SITUATION WANTED. 



CHEMIST, six years' experience, wants posi- 
tion in tropics. Fair knowledge of Spanish; can 
furnish best of references. Address "Chbmist/' 
No. 1811 St. Mary St, New Orleans, La 

7-16-09. 



CHEMIST, three years' experience, thorough 
understanding (of chemical control, open for 
engagement for coming season, willing to go any- 
where. References furnished. A^ldress Chbmist^ 
3526 Laurel St.. New Orleans, La. 7-15-09. 



CHEMIST and sugar house superintendent with 
17 years of practical experience in Louisiana 
and Cuba, is open for a position for the coming 
season in Louisiana, Cuba for Porto Rico. Speaks 
Spanish. Best of references. Address B. Hoff, 
P. ^. Box 175, New Orleans. 7-15-09. 



POSITION as chief engineer on some sugar 
plantation. Reliable, sober man, 25 years* 
experience and best recommendations. Address 
L. T. HKBEBr, DorceyviUe P. O., La. 7-14-09. 



FOREIGN traveling salesman, 31 years oM, 
experienced, honest and lnduBtriou.s ; thoroughly 
acquainted with the languages and customs of 
the Spanish-American and European countries 
is open for engagement Address A. B. care 
Spanish Consulatb^ New Orleans. 7-14-09. 



WANTED by a good sugar house engineer 
a position as chief or first assistant either in 
Mexico, Cuba or Porto Rico. Avldress A. D. 
1622 Erato St, New Orleans, La. 7-14-09. 



BY honest, ambitious and well recommended 
young man, very willing to work, desires posi- 
tion as assistant book-keeper on sugar planta- 
tion, or oflSce assistant by wholesale houses 
in the city. Fine at figures and very good 
with pen. Speaks French and English. Do 
not use liquor or tobacco. Salary no object. 
Please give me a trial. Reference furnished. 
Address Geo. A. Toups^ Raceland, La.. 

7-14-09. 



POSITIOfN wanted for the coming season 
either in Cuba, Porto Rico or Mexico by a 
competent sugar maker thoroughly famlllai 
with clarification, crystallzation, etc. ; have had 
experience In the tropics. Speak Spanish for 
working ppurpose ; temperate habits and refer- 
ence furnished. Address Squabb^ 1510 Sau- 
vage St, New Orleans, La. 7-14-09. 



CHEMIST — German college graduate, with 
four 'years' domestic, foreign and tropical ex- 
perience; at present, chief chemist Ifot one 
of the largest sugar companies on the coast 
Desires position as chief chemist by October 1, 
1909. Prefers position in South, Central 
America or Mexico, only permanent positions 
considered, give further details by corres- 
pondence. Al references. Address Sofia^ care 
of Louisiana Planter. i-*14-09. 



BY a country man, who worked part of 
his life on sugar plantation, and familiar with 
the following position and capable of filling 
same, store-keeper, clerk, time-keeper cane and 
sugar weigher. Speak French, of no objection- 
able habit; I am 80 years old and married. 
Would be willing to commence at living wages 
with promotion after. My abilities are known. 
Adress C. F. Duffel, No. 4410 Magasine St, 
New Orleans, La. 7-14-09. 



EDUCATE>D, reliable and industrious young 
man of 24, graduate of an agricultural school, 
has been employed as agent and manager of 
farms, and as private secretary, had also ex- 
perience in crops and stock management sur- 
veying and chemistry, seeks position with a 
trustworthy firm or party. Willing to start 
moderately. Unquestionable references and rec- 
ommendations. Address, S. S. F, PostoflSce Sta- 
tion B., New York. 7-9-09 



CHEMIST of experience in Cuba and Louisiana 
desires position In Cuba or Porto Rico for coming 
season. References furnished. Address 1611 
Ursullnes Street, New Orleans. 7-9-09 



A SUGAR boiler of i&any years' experience in 
Bohemia, Michigan, and Cuba is open for engage- 
ment for coming tropical season. B^t of references 
furnished. Address 1611 Ursullnes street. New 
Orleans. 7-7-09 



AN experienced chemist and sugar boiler Is 
open for an engagement in tropics. Has had ex- 
perience with Deming System of clarification and 
crystallizers. Best of references. Address Chbic- 
I8T« 2227 Chestnut street. New Orleans, La. 7-7-09 



POSITION wanted by first class double effect 
man. Can furnish best of references. Address P. 
L. P., Box 59, Houma, La. 7-7-09 



WANTED — Position as office or store manager, 
cashier or time keeper ; city or plantation in any 
country. Married man ; thoroughly famllliar with 
every office \3etail and systematlslng office work. 
Held highly responsible offices for years; consid- 
erable experience on sugar estates in Hawaii and 
Cuba; Just now finishing special auditing ac- 
counts of large palntatlon in Mexico. Accepts 
moderate salary if quick increase follows. Sat- 
isfaction given. Address E. J. S., P. O. Box 
1604, Boston, Mass 7-7-09 



POSITION wanted for the coming campaign sea- 
son in Cuba, Porto Rico, of the Hawaiian Islands 
by an able and thoroughly competent sugar maker, 
with 16 years practical experience in some of the 
largest modern sugar factories In Louisiana, Mex- 
ico, and Tropical countries. I am thoroughly fa- 
miliar with the handling of crystalllzers of all 
types, and am an expert on clarlficatiion of juices 
for any grade of sugar. I speak Spanish, Brench 
and English. Strictly sober and reliable. Can 
furnish oest of references. Address Suoab Ex- 
PEBT. 156 North Main St, Asheville, North 
Carolina. 7-6-09 



WANTED a position as sugar boiler or chief 
engineer in Porto Rico, Cuba, Mexico, or Central 
America. References A.l. Address Suoab Boilbb. 
1721 Euterpe street. New Orleans, La. 7-6-09 



POSITION by a first class sugar maker, one 
who has had charge of one of the largest houses 
In the state for the last 15 years. References. 
Address 1244 Annunciation street. New Orleans, 
La^ 7-6-09 

PLACE as cooper, making sugar barrels. P. Bf. 
Sbttoast, 726 St. Peter St., New Orleans, 7-3-09 



WANTED position in public school In country^ 
or to teach ESnglish, French and Music in private 
family. Address Mas. Zob Wabbbm Pobtkb, Tu- 
lane University, New Orleans, La., W. S. P. O., 
Station 20 7-5-09 



POSITION as sugar boiler for coming crop. 
Have had many years of experience; understand 
clarification. Can furnish best of references. Ad- 
dress Suoab Boileb^ Box 106, Donaldsonville. 
La. 7-8-00 



BY a first class carpenter. Strictly soiber; 
man of family ; wants a position on plantation ; 
wages no object; twelve years on plantation as 
carpenter; sugar dryer on any machine; water 
tender; or assistant engineer. Age 35 years. 
R. AiiONBO, care Vacherle Cypress Co., St. Patrick, 
La. 7-8-09 



BY a practical sugar and syrup maker with 
thorough knowledge of clarification. Best of ref- 
erences furnished. Address A. R., 913 Louisa St, 
New Orleans. La. 7-8-09 



A Chemist, graduate, with 9 years experience 
as chief chemist in United States and Tropics, 
wants position as chemist or assistant In cane 
or beet sugar factory in the United States or 
other country. Speaks Spanish. Best references. 
Address Chemist, 3344 N. Carlisle St, Philadel- 
phia, Pa. 7-1-09 

POSITION by a young married man as book- 
keeper, assistant bookkeeper, clerk in plantation 
store, grocery store, commissary or time clerk at 
saw null. Fine in figures and very good with 
pen. I do not drink Intoxicating liquors. Grad- 
uate in bookkeeping In Qoodyear-Marshall system. 
Will go anywhere. Salary no object. Address 
Hiram LaRue, Lovelady, Texas. 7-2-09 

AN eroerlenced cane factory superintendent 
and chief sugar boiler with 22 vears experience, 
from a laboratory bov up, desires to contract 
with some large tropical sugar manufacturing com- 
pany as superintendent or chief sugar maker. 
Thoroughly understands working low grade su- 

$ars and obtain good results. Best references, 
iddress P. O. Box 168, Hamilton City, Califor- 
nia^^ 7-1-09 

POSITION as assistant sugar boiler. Refer- 
ences furnished. Address Louis Khal, 980 Con- 
gress St, New Orleans, La. 7-2-09 



YOUNG man wants a position as bookkeeper 
and stenographer. Have had two months experi- 
ence as bookkeeper and stenographer. At present 
employed but desires a change. H. A. Monsello. 
Maryland, Tenn. 6-29-09 



POSITION as water tender for this coming 
grinding season. Can furnish A.I references. 
Bight years experience, and also understand oil 
burning thoroughly. Strictly sober and steady. 
Bmlle L. Rodrigrae, Donaldsonville, La. 6.29-09 



BY a former Louisiana young man, 20 years 
of age, who has been in Texas taking a business 
course, position such as assistant bookkeeper, su- 
gar or cane weigher, for this coming season. Can 
write fair hand. Address 407 Capitol Avenue, 
Houston, Texas. 6-29-0^ 



AN experienced electrician wants position In 
the country to take charge of plant Dynamo 
work a specialty. Address Gayle Schneidau, 
1468 Nashville Ave., New Orleans, La. 6-29-09 



CHEMIST and sugarhouse superintendent with 17 

£3ars of practical experience In Louisiana and Cuba 
open for a position for the coming crop in Cuba or 
Porto Rico. Beet of references. Addrefts P. o. Box 



175, New Orleans, La. 



0-24-09 



POSITION wanted by a competent sugar boiler 
of 17 years practical experience In some of the 
largest factories in Louisiana, Texas and Porto 
Rice, for the forthcoming season, in Cuba. Porto 
Rico or Mexico. Close boiler and thoroughly un- 
derstand boiling back low grade goods for crystal* 
Isers. etc., so as to get best results and low purity 
finals. A No. 1 clarifier. and right up to date. 
Best references furnished. Adddress PBoor 
Stick^ Box 353 Donaldsonville, La. 6-22-09 



POSITION as sugar maker, by a first class boiler, 
having 14 yeais of practical experience in raw ana 
refloed siu^ars, both beet and cane. Do my own clar- 
Ifying. Very dose boiler of seconds and low grade 
sugars. Have boiled for some of the larsest cane 
houses and beet fkotorles. Strictly sober and reliable; 
can furnish best references. Will accept position in 
Louisiana, Texa«, Mexico, or any of the beet fl&ctorles. 
Address Jno. W. Mbybr, 2a>7 8t Philip St , New 
Orleans, La. 6-194)9 



BY stenographer, five years experience rail- 
roading, contracting, aad brokerage lines. Ref- 
erences. Address L. B., 2006 Peters Avenue. 
New Orleans. 6-16-09 



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The Louisiana Planter 

and Sugar Manufacturer 

A Weekly Newspaper Devoted to the Sugar, Rice and Other Agricultural Industries of Louisiana 



Vol. XXXXm. 



NEW ORLEANS, JULY 24, 1909. 



No. 4. 



The Louisiana Planter 

— AND— 

Sugar Manufacturer 

OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THB 

Louisiana Sugax Fia.ktvrb' Association, 
Amkbican Canb Obowebs' Association, 
Ascension Branch Suoab Plantbbs' Association, 
Louisiana Suoab Chbicists' Association, 
Kansas Suoab Qbowebs' Association, 
Texas Sugab Plantebs' Association, 

INTEBSTATK CANB QBOWEBS' ASSOCIATION, 

The Assu>iption Agbicultubal and Industbiai. 
Association. 



PnUtohed at New Orleans, La., every Saturday Momliif 

BY THB 

LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUOAR 

MANUFACTURER CO. 

Devoted to Louisiana Agrlcaltare In general, and 

to the Sogar Industry in particolar, and in all 

^ts branches, Agricnltural, Mechanical, 

Chemical, Political and Commercial. 



bditobial cobps. 
W. C. STUBBS, Ph. D. W. J. THOBiPSON. 

W. W. PUGH. JOHN DYMOND. 



Entered at the Postofflce at New Orleans as 
second-claas mail matter, July 7, 1888. 

PBB ANNUM 

Terms of Subscription (including postage) . . .|3.00 
Foreign Subscription 4.00 

ADVERTISING RATES. 



8i>ace 



1 month 8 month 6 month 12 month 



linoh 

2 inch 

8 inch 

41nch 

61nch 

6 inch 

7lnch 

8 inch 

91nch 

lOlnoh 

Half Page. 
Full Page.. 



$600 
960 
14 60 
19 00 
28 60 
28 00 
82 60 
86 00 
88 00 
40 00 
00 00 

100 00 



$12 60 
24 00 
8$ 20 
47 60 
68 76 
70 00 
81 16 
90 00 
96 00 
100 00 
160 00 
260 00 



$18 76 
80 00 
64 40 
71 26 
88 16 
106 00 
121 76 
186 00 
142 60 
160 00 
225 00 
400 00 



$26 00 

48 00 

72 60 

95 00 

117 60 

140 00 

162 60 

180 00 

190 00 

200 00 

800 00 

600 00 



All communications should be addressed to Thb 
Louisiana Planteb, 330 Carondelet street. New 
Orleans, La. 



LIST OF ORGANIZERS. 



McCall Bbothbbs, 
McCall & Lbgbndbv, 
Leon Qodchaux, 
Jamks Tblleb, 
B. Lbmann a Bbo., 
Leoncb Son I at, 
Louis Bush, 
W. B. Brickell, 
W. C. Stubbs, 
John Dymond, 
Daniel Thompson, 
Foos & Babnbtt, 
H. C. Wabmoth, 
Lucius Forsyth, Jb., 
Edward J. Gat, 
Shattuck & Hoffman, 
Bmilb Rost. 
Thomas D. Millbb, 
Schmidt & ZiBOLkB, 
T. G. McLaubt, • 
L. S. Clabk, 
J. B. Lrvebt, 
Simpson HoBNOa, 
W. B. Bloomfibi^, 

W. W. SUTCUFVB, 

John S. Moorb, 
James C. Murpht« 
4o8. Wbbbx, 



R. Bbltran, 
Lucien Soniat, 

D. R. Caldbr, 
L. A. Ellis, 
Hero & ^Ulhiot, 
W. J. Brhan, 

J. T. MooRK, Jr., 
Edwards & Haubtman, 
John A. Morris, 

E. H. Cunningham, 

R. VlTBRBO, 

H. C. Minor, 

C. M. SORIA, 

J. L. Harris, 
J. H. Murphy, 
Andrbw Price, 
E. & J. KocK, 
Wm. Garig, 
Adolph Meyer, 
A. A. Woods, 
Bradish Johnson, 
George P. AndbbtoNj 
a. l. monnot, 
Richard Millikbn. 
W. P. Miles, 
Lezin a. Bbcnei« ^ 
J. N. Pharr, 
Julbs j. Jacob, 



The Cane Crop. 

AH advices from the su'gar parishes dur- 
ing the past week are of a favorable nature. 
Rain was had over nearly every portion of 
the sugar district and the laying by of the 
crop having -been generally completed this 
rain was very welcome indeed and has done 
much to help the general situation from the 
standpoint of tbe cane raiser The general 
sentiiment seems to be favorable and at this 
time an excellent cane crop is in sight In 
every sugar parish in the state. 



Imports of Sugar. 

The imports of sugar into the United 
States for the eleven months ending May 31, 
were 1,901,000 short tons, valued at 87 mil- 
lions of dollars. The month of June, when 
added, will carry the total up to about a 
hundred millions of dollars. As usual, these 
sugars imported froon foreign countries come 
to the extent of about two-thirds from Cuba, 
which has sent us during the last eleven 
months 1,240,000 short tons, with a valuation 
of slightly over 59 -millions of dollars. Java 
was the next largest shipper to us, giving 
us 458,000 short tons, valued at 18 millions 
of dollars. Forty two thousand short tons 
have been received from the Philippine Is- 
lands, valued at $1,600,000. The imports 
from Germany during the eleven months 
were 48,072 short tons, against 29,000 the 
year before and 162.000 in 1907. 



Imports of Rice. 

The imports of rice into the United States 
for the eleven months ending May 31, were 
97,000 short tons, valued at over 4 millions 
of dollars. This includes rice, rice flour, rice 
meal and broken rice. Very few persons are 
aware of these large shipments of rice and 
they come in because of the lower rate of 
duty charged upon broken rice, which is said 
to be used very largely in the production of 
beer. The imports of rice for the correspond- 
ing time last year were 93,000 tons and those 
for the year 1907 were 97,000 tons, showing a 
comparatively constant importation both in 
quantity and in value. 



The Phillipine Restriction. 

The text of the Senate tariff bill as re- 
turned to the House and now in conference, 
does not contain the restriction of free entry 
to sugar factories in the Philippines manu- 
facturing 500 tons or less, at least in giving 
them the precedence. This was really one of 



the most important measures in the whole 
bill from our Louisiana point of view. Three 
hundred thousand tons is a good deal of 
sugar and as the bill stands now, those 
first in the field will ibe the ones who will 
get the benefit of free entry into the United 
states, the samie as do Porto Rico sugars. 
The Porto Rican sugar factories at the last 
account have been obtaining in New York, 
$3.92 per hundred pounds for their sugar, 
while the Guibans realize 11.341-2 per hun- 
dred pounds less, or $2.57 1-2. 

There is any amount of good land in the 
Philippines that will be eagerly sought by 
the sugar exploiters. In fhese days of tramp 
steamers freights from the Philippines to 
New York are scarcely appreciably higher 
than from Cuba to New York and we may 
be sure that practically every pound of sugar 
made in the Philippines that is not consum- 
ed at home will be sent to us until the 300,- 
OOO ton limit shall be reached. 

If the concession of free entry were given 
to sugar factories producing 500 tons or 
less, there would ibe a develot>ment along 
modern lines in the present sugar factories. 
The Philippines have already made about 
300,000 tons and it would take but a year or 
two for them to come up with their old fac- 
tories to that same figure. As the matter 
now stands, we should judge that every ef- 
fort would be made to suppress the old fac- 
tories by those interested In the creation of 
new ones. Let the result be what It may, 
it will unquestionably be injurious to our 
domestic sugar industry. 



Studies in Irrisration. 

Louisiana, with its large rainfall, its level 
lands and somewhat difficult drainage sys- 
tems, has given but little thought to irri- 
gation. At the same time it has <been a 
notable fact that during the active growing 
season of sugar cane, say the months of 
July, August and September, our cane crop 
is materially injured by drought and various 
experiments made show that this injury 
could have been avoided probably, had any 
adeq^uate system of irrigation been utilized. 
Some doubt is expressed as to the accuracy 
of this last conclusion, but such experiments 
in cane field irrigation as were made at Au- 
dubon Park by Dr. iStubbs some years ago 
established the fact that under certain con- 
ditions, Irrigation 'became a very valuable 
agent in cane culture, supplementing as it 
did an inadequate rainfall at the time when 
moisture was needed. 



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[Vol. xlili. No. 4 



Some sugar planters in Louisiana have 
made considerable experiments in the irri- 
gation of sugar cane and, as a rule, reported 
the results quite satisfactory. The urgent 
need of such Irrigation, however, has not 
been definitely established to carry convic- 
tion to the minds of skeptics and some of 
the skeptics have gone, and go so far as to 
say that they helieve that the dry seasons 
are really the hest for the sugar industry. 
It is a principle in vegetable life that all 
vegetation must have air, moisture, heat and 
light to make good growths and a deficiency 
of any one of these factors results in the in- 
complete development of the life cycle of the 
plant under consideration. 

The efforts now making by, the general gov- 
ernment for the conservation of water in 
the arid states and its distribution by ade- 
quate irrigation methods, while seemingly 
outside of the general province of govern- 
ment, are however, doing a very large 
amount of effective work. Elsewhett* in 
this issue will be found an article on Object 
Lessons in Irrigation at Spokane. This will 
be found quite interesting to all persons who 
' take any interest in irrigation and the effort 
the Irrigation Congress to ibe held at Spo- 
kane to maintain the interest congress is 
now taking in irrigation matters is to be 
accentuated by these Object Lessons there 
given for the purpose of showing how the 
work is done. 

One feature of it excites our curiosity and 
that is the irrigation of lands by ditches and 
capillary attraction. We have seen alfalfa 
and other fields in Colorado irrigated in the 
old fashioned way hy introducing water at 
the highest point and allowing It to flow 
through the alfalfa fields and in com fields 
to flow down the com rows and we believe 
the same method was adapted in potato 
culture. In some cane field irrigation in 
Louisiana, where we were familiar with rice 
irrigation, water has *been taken from the 
Mississippi River and brought into the cane 
fields through ditches and canals and retain- 
ed by dams until the land was all saturated 
by the actual flooding, or toy gravity level 
from ibelow or when the water had risen by 
capillarity until It showed Itself on the top 
of the land. This Irrigation In this way to 
this extent Is perhaps Injurious, as flooding 
the lands, even from helow, drives the air 
out of the lands and paralyzes the microblc 
life essential to plant growth and If main- 
tained long may destroy It, although excel- 
lent results may he obtained In that way 
when the Irrigation Is applied with discre- 
tion. It Is generally held that in ordinary 
culture all the moisture needed hy the plants 
Is taken in from the very thin film of mois- 
ture held 'by capillary attraction between 
the particles of earth and that anything like 
submersion of the roots, or the general ele- 
vation of the water level above the roots Is 
Injurious to plants. At Spokane it is pro- 
posed to give thorough and careful expla- 
nations and object lessons right In fields 



prepared for the purpose, covering all of 
these points and they will certainly be very 
Interesting. 



Two Noted Englishmen. 

There are two brilliant young Englishmen 
that we have come to know very well In 
Louisiana, Sir Daniel Morris and Dr. Walter 
Maxwell. iSlr Daniel Morris, after his long 
service In the British West Indies, ending 
with his commissionershlp for the Imperial 
Department of Agriculture for the West 
Indies, has now Ibeen appointed Scientific 
Advisor to the Secretary of State for the 
Colonies In Tropical Agriculture. This of- 
fice will bring him in touch with his old 
friends in the West Indies and also In touch 
with the English colonies In the Far East. 

Dr. Walter Maxwell, after his ten years' 
service In the government control of the su- 
gar Industry of Queensland, Australia, has 
now been called In 'by the government of New 
South Wales to Investigate and report on 
the tbeet sugar Industry at Mafra, a synopsis 
of which report is given in another column 
in this issue. 

The West Indian world, as well as Aus- 
tralia, the scientific world and the sugar 
world are all the 'better on account of the 
services of these distinguished gentlemen. 
We claim the credit In Louisiana of bring- 
ing Dr. Maxwell conspicuously to the front, 
although he had won his spurs as a chemist 
before he came into our Sugar Experiment 
Station Work. Sir Daniel Morris came to 
Louisiana to make some Investigations some 
thirty years ago, when he was In charge of 
the Botanic Station of Jamaica. We can't 
claim the making of him, hut are willing 
to do our share In the way of a just appre- 
ciation of his valuable services. 



Central Factories in Barbados. 

The central factory Idea has been seri- 
ously considered In Barbados for some years. 
Barbados Is among the last of the West 
Indies to survive with Its Muscovado, or 
open kettle sugar Industry. During the last 
year or so some reports have come from 
Canada to the effect that Barbados molasses 
was turning sour. Whether this phenome- 
non was never recognized before, or wheth- 
er some new ferment may have attacked the 
molasses was not stated. We should think 
that a careful investigation of It by some 6f 
the distillers who use molasses for distill- 
ing purposes would reveal the cause of this 
trouble if it really exists. Dr. Francis Watts, 
the present Commissioner of the Imperial 
Department of Agriculture for the West In- 
dies, states, in a paper recently read, that 
the Barbadians should very seriously con- 
sider any contemplated change In their In- 
dustry at once, before the muscovado, or 
open kettle sugar industry entirely falls to 
be remunerative. 

Barbados, owing to the wonderful fertility 
of its soil, the excellent labor supply there 
had and the superior quality of both their 



sugar and molasses, has survived until now 
under the old methods that prevailed a hun- 
dred years ago. Old methods have 'been 
abandoned in nearly every other Industry, 
but the Barbadians seem to possess es- 
pecial advantages and their survival seems to 
be the fittest, all things considered. 

The central factory Idea, however, the 
economy coming from a single management 
at a given expense for a larger output, has 
taken some hold in Barbados and in these 
columns we recounted the fact last year that 
certain sugar plantations and sugar houses 
In the same interest were having their crops 
manufactured at the largest sugar house, or 
the best and most economical sugar house in 
the Interest referred to. That Is the cen- 
tral factory idea. The central factory 
doesn't need to cost a quarter of a million 
or a half million dollars, but what it needs 
to do is to buy the canes from the contribu- 
tors of the canes at some agreed price, to 
be paid in money or in sugar, as may be 
preferred, and in this way to so improve the 
method of manufacture and the quality of 
the output that they can pay to the small 
producers as much net money as they would 
have received by carrying on the manufact- 
ure for themselves, and yet get rid of all 
the worry Incident to the manufacture and 
leave some profit for the central factory. 

It would seem a pity to us that in Bar- 
bados, the very head center of the old Brit- 
ish sugar industry, there should he any aban- 
donment of the old owners and the Introduc 
tion of any new corporations into the manu- 
facture that may crowd the old ones out. If 
there be a central factory organization It 
should include as far as possihle the old 
interests and in this way all jealousy can 
b avoided and the success of the factory will 
be the success of all interested in it. We 
shall hope that if the present industry In 
Barbados ceases to be remunerative it may 
continue some centuries still in the husine&s, 
even if compelled to adopt other methods. 

There is a great demand for good, old 
fashioned molasses, such as Porto Rico mo- 
lasses once was and such as (Barbados and 
some other West Indian molasses now is 
and as all the rest of the world goes into 
vacuum pan sugars and high grade boiling, 
with a low grade residual molasses, it 
might become to the financial interests of 
the Barfbadlans to continue their old open 
kettle processes, because of the higher prices 
that they will then get for their molasses, 
just as some old fashioned open kettle 
houses in Louisiana are still maintained and 
are still profitable 'because of the scarcity 
of such products as they make and the high 
proces they can get for their goods. 



American Sugar industry and Beet 
Sugar Gazette. 

The Louisiana Plantee acknowledges the 
kind expressions made by the editor of the 
American Sugar Industry and Beet Sugar 
Gazette in its July Issue relative to our com- 
ing of age, that Is twenty-one years old on 
July 3, 1909 



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THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



51 



Sugar, A Handbook for Planters and 
Refiners. 

As cane sugar has always been a tropical 
industry, or at least a semi-tropical one, its 
literature until during comparatively recent 
years has been singularly sparse. Dr. Evans 
published his excellent Sugar Planters* Man- 
ual in London in 1847.. The following year 
Leonard Wray published The Practical Sugar 
Planter, and at about the same time Porter 
his volume on The Sunar Cane. Forty years 
ago these three volumes formed the library 
for the searcher after information as to cane 
sugar. Prof. R. S. McCulloch was the au- 
thor of Ji United States Senate document, pub- 
lished in Washington, in 1848, with which 
our liouisiana planters are generally familiar. 
Prof. McCulloch later becoming a professor 
in the I>ouisiana State University. An inci- 
dent in his research illustrates the difficulty 
in investigating any industry without a full 
knowledge of all of its features. Prof. Mc- 
Culloch left Washington, presumably by the 
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, then running 
through to Wheeling, and reaching Wheeling 
relates tnat the river was so full of Ice that 
he had to remain there for a considerablt 
time before he could proceed on to New Or- 
leans by boat. When he did reach New Or- 
leans the sugar season here was practically 
over and his studies could not be made m 
the active manufacturing season. 

The beet sugar industry having been active- 
ly promoted by tfie French government, soon 
acquired a considerable literature', as did also 
the German beet sugar industry and the best 
books of the German, such as Walkoff and 
Stammer, were at once translated into French. 
The French, however, had a good literature 
in the writings of Basset and later Maumenee 
and Horsin-Deon. In the English language 
the industry was without any exhaustive lit- 
erature until in 1865 the monthly publica- 
cation of the Sugar Cane magazine was be- 
gun at Manchester, England, and in 1888 the 
sugar planters of Louisiana, by their organ- 
ized efforts, brought out The Louisiana 
Planter as a weekly journal devoted directly 
to the Louisiana cane sugar industry and in- 
cidentally to the sugar industry throughout 
the entire world. 

In 1882 Messrs. E. and F. N. Spon, of 
London, brought out a new handbook, on Su 
gar Growing and Refining, by Messrs. Locke, 
Wigner & Harland. This book of some 800 
pages, illustrated, took up the leading features 
of the cane sugar industry and discussed it 
all along the line from the accumulated data 
available and while very comprehensive, waa 
not particularly notable in the way of 
bringing forward any new matter, or giving 
any new suggestions. That work soon went 
out of print and in 1888 another edition of 
it was published. It was commonly known as 
Lockes* Book on Sugar. Mr. B. E. R. New 
lands, a noted authority on the chemistry of 
sugar, was one of the authorities used in 
the publication of that book, and now, that 
work having been exhausted, Mr. B, E. R. 
Newlands, together with the late Mr. John A. 
R. Newlands, have rehandled all of the data, 
omitting the unimportant portions thereof and 
with the aid of their publishers, Messrs. E. 
and F. N. Spon, of London, have brought out 
this latest work of theirs, an octavo of about 



900 pages, well illustrated, with excellent 
tables of contents, a carefully compiled index 
and making as it does, a valuable and gener- 
ally up to date compilation of just such data 
concerning the sugar industry as is very val- 
uable to those throughout the world who are 
taking more or less interest in the sugar in- 
dustry and are without any information in 
regard thereto. It is a handbook which can 
give them the salietft points of the industry, 
as to the planting and cultivation of sugar 
cane and its final manufacture into sugar by 
the various processes. We have inquiries from 
our readers in all parts of the world concern- 
ing the commonplaces of the sugar industry, 
which it is practically impossible to answer 
without writing almost a book similar to the 
one that we now have before us, and we are 
compelled to ask such correspondents to avail 
of the current literature, as being the only 
way in which they can get a gener|il idea of 
the sugar industry. The present book may 
include considerable obsolete matter, such, for 
instance, as an account of the five roller mill 
which, however, is valuable Ijistorically at 
least, in order to show how the industry has 
progressed from point to point, until we are 
now reaching nine roller mills and crushers 
generally and in some instances 12 roller mills 
with crushers, all of which is made very safe 
and possible by the utilization of McDonald's 
hydraulics, first brought out in Louisiana, or 
some similar relief attachment to prevent a 
general smashup of the mill work when the full- 
capacity of the mill is utilized. 

One hundred pages of the book are first 
given to general information as to the culti- 
vation of sugar cane, the methods of plant- 
ing, culcivation and harvesting. The compo- 
sition of cane juice occupies some 20 pages, 
and 90 pages are then given to the extraction 
of the juice, including various methods of 
crushing cane and the use of roller mills, in- 
cluding wooden cane mills with water wheels, 
iron mills, the various fuels, defecators, ma- 
ceration, diffusion and other systems. Thirty- 
eight pages are then given to defecation and 
clarification, and fifty-three pages to concen- 
tration and granulation of the juice. Curing 
of the sugars by claying^ vacuum chests and 
centrifugal is considered, and then some fifty 
pages are devoted to complete sugar facto- 
ries, with comparisons between some Cuban 
and Peruvian factories. ' Some thirty pages 
are then given to various raw sugars, until 
beet sugar comes in for about 100 pageii. 

The recovery of sugar from molasses has 
a special charter, indicatin gthe various meth- 
ods in use for this. Some seven pages are 
given to sorghum sugar. This is one of the 
myths of the sugar industry and we have yet 
to see sorghum sugar as a successful, indus- 
trial product anywhere. The fact that in 
Europe molasses and syrups, and especially 
syrups, are all called sugar, whether crys- 
tallized sugar or liquid sugar, is somewhat 
confusing to the reader. In the United 
States in addition to our cane sugar, there 
are now made about half a million tons of 
beet sugar and probably a half million tons 
or more of glucose, or com sugar. This latter 
is made chiefly in a liquid form, although 
sometimes concentrated into a white mass. 
Spanish statistics generally include some ref- 
erences to sorghum sugar, but we have been 
led to believe that th references were to sor- 



ghum syrup, or, we may perhaps call it, liquid 
sugar. 

Starch sugar and other glucose have about 
fifty pages devoted to them, but the authori- 
ties quoted are rather ancient and those who 
desire to know all about the glucose industry 
would have to go to the Glucose Trust to get 
the latest news. 

Sugar refining is discussed in two chap- 
ters covering about 100 pages and takes in 
all the salient points of the refining industry, 
from its beginning with the construction of 
a sugar refinery through all the various pro- 
cesses and ending with the pure white sugar. 
Some sixty pages are devoted to sugar analy- 
sis, but we have so many excellent handbooks 
that now take up that matter specifically and 
some indeed that only discuss the polariscope 
in connection with sugar analysis, that tae 
experts who need such data will surely util- 
ize the special books. 

An important feature in * this book is the 
final chapters, devoted to rum and other al- 
coholic spirits, all of which are of general 
interest everywhere, and in the tropics become 
a very important feature of the sugar in- 
dustry. Perhaps our largely increased knowl- 
edge of the profitable feeding of molasses to 
live stock may result in developing the live 
stock industry in some of our cane sugar pro- 
ducing countries and to a diminution in the 
amount utilized in distilling. 

The constant inquiries arising among in- 
vestors in the stock of sugar factories for 
more information in regard to the sugar in- 
dustry can be excellently well answered in a 
general way by referring the inquirer to this 
new book, now known as Newlands' Sugar, a 
handbook for planters and refiners. We know 
of no other way by which the average in- 
quirer can get so much general data with 
equal facility and, if he desires to press his 
inquiries further, then he can take up the 
special books devoted to whatever phases he 
desires to investigate more deeply. The book 
can be obtained in this counti^ from Messrs. 
Spon and Chamberlain, 123 Liberty St., New 
York, who list it at $10.00. 



Pratt Engineerins: and Machine Com- 
pany. 

We call the attention of our readers to ad- 
vertisement of the Pratt Engineering and Ma- 
chine Company, of Atlanta, Ga., U. S. A., 
announcing sale to the C. Lagarde Company, 
Ltd., of Thibodaux, La., of 34"x72" Pratt 
"Imperial" Mill recently offered for shipment 
from stock. It is more than likely that some- 
one of our enterprising sugar planters in 
Louisiana would like to avail themselves of 
the new offer of the Pratt Engineering and 
Machine Company of one of its high class 
Pratt "Imperial" Mills or Crushers, for de- 
livery practically from stock. The Pratt En- 
gineering and Machine Company inform us 
that it is their policy not only to have their 
mills and crushers completed for inspection 
of the T)urchaser before order is placed, but 
that they will, with their large force of capa- 
ble erecting engineers, give such co-operation 
in preparation of foundation, rearrangement 
of existing milling plants, etc., as will ab- 
solutely insure installation in time for an 
early coming grinding season. 

The massive and substantial construction 
and heavier specifications of Pratt "Imperial" 
Mills especially adapt them as regrinding 
mills. The heavy pressures under which 
these mills will onerate satisfactorily will give 
large increase tf capacity and very satisfac- 
tory extraction to the average smaller six 
roll milling plants now in general use in 
Louisiana, and we heartily recommend to the 
careful consideration o four Louisiana planters 
the offers of this enterprising company for de- 
livery of their high class crushers and mills 
from stock. 

Inquiries may be addressed to the well 
known firm of this city. The Haubtman & 
Loeb Company. Ltd., who are the sole agents 
for the Pratt Engineering and Machine Com* 
pany for Louisiana and Texas. 



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[Vol. xlill. No. 4 



LOCAL LBTTBRS. 



Afceasioa. 

(SPECIAL C0SBKSPO2?DBMCB.) 

Editor Louisiana J'lanler: 

Refreshing showers f6ll throughout portions 
of the paris*A on Tuesday and Wednesday of 
the current week, proving of much benefit to 
the growing crops, while also serving to abate 
the dust and lower the temperature. 

Reports as to crop conditions continue to be 
of a highly gratifying nature, and on all sides 
nothing but good is heard concerning the crop 
situation. The Lemann Company's Palo Alto 
plantation is reported to have a beautiful crop 
of cane; Evan Hall and McManor have no 
"kick" coming; the Miles Company's places 
at Burnside have a better outlook than for 
some years, both as to com and cane, while 
the other places in this vicinity unite in the 
general chorus of "all's well." Laying by has 
been virtually finished throughout the parish. 

There has been on display in the Chief 
office in Donaldsonville for the past week a 
staJk of cane containing eight joints, four of 
them red, which was grown on the Aloysia 
plantation, in Iberville parish, of which Charles 
E. Landry, a former Ascensionite, is the well 
known manager. Mr. Landry says that he has 
300 acres of cane in as forward a stage of 
development as this sample stalk, which seems 
to indicate that the Aloysia crop this year will 
be "some pumpkins." 

Manager K. A. Aucoin, of St. Emma plan- 
tation, who came to town the other day to 
attend the regular meeting of the police jury, 
of which he is the efficient Second Ward mem- 
ber, said the crops on St. Emma are in fine 
shape, leaving nothing to be desired In short, 
he doesn't remember to have seen a better all- 
round prospect since he has been on the place, 
which comprises not a few 'years. Oiane and 
com are both in tip-top condition, and in the 
course of a recent trip along the coast froui 
Donaldsonville to the lower part of the parish 
of Plaquemines, he avers that he saw nothine 
to equal, much less excel, the St. Emma crops. 

Mr. Aucoin is quite largely interested in 
orange culture on the lower coast, and concern- 
ing the present outlook for that industry he 
declares that it is almost too good to be 
realized, and that he apprehends that a big 
storm or some other calamity must in the Very 
nature of things occur to bring the promised 
production within more reasonable bounds. Be- 
sides his proprietary interest in the Ravens- 
wood place, from which it is expected 6,000 
boxes of oranges will be sent to market thi^ 
season, he has invested about $12,000 in pur- 
chasing the crops of a number of small pro- 
ducers along the lower coast, an* has every 
reason to look for a profitable return on his in- 
vestment. . 

Mr. Aucoin's family left this week for a 
month's sojourn at Mt. Clemens, Mich., fhe 
favorite summer resort on the lake shore near 
Detroit. 

The police jury meeting also attracted to 
town a number of the leading citizens and 
farmers of the Seventh and Eighth wards — the 
cotton raising section of the parish — whose re- 
ports of the crop outlook were in the main 
decidedly encouraging. Boll weevils have not 
appeared in great numbers in any locality, and 
the people have been waging an active and in- 
telligent fight against the pests, picking up and 



burning falling forms, cultivating diligently and 
otherwise following the most approved methods 
of procedure as set forth by the country's 
leading agricultural .scientists and bugologists. 
Stalwart Lisha Dixon, one of the most ener- 
getic and successful farmers of the Eighth 
ward, declares his belief that "if the people 
will only keep on as they are now dolng^, we 
will always raise cotton." That sort of spirit 
will circumvent the little old boll weevil or 
any sort of varmint that comes along. 

The corn crop of the Seventh and Eighth 
wards — and, in fact, of the entire parish — ^is 
in first-rate condition, and if Louisiana tops 
all her previous records as a corn-producing 
State in this year of our Lord 1909, it may 
be set down that one among the parishes con- 
tributing most notably to this desirable result 
will he Ascension. 



Iberville. 

(SPECIAL COBBE8POia>ENaB.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

The sugar planter can have but little com- 
plaint to make as regards the treatment af- 
forded him in the shape of hot weather and 
rain. We have had considerable of both, al- 
though the weather has been more threatening 
than anything else for the past week. Yes- 
terday we caught the end of the Galveston 
storm in the shape of a blow and severe itiii. 
The only damage done so far by the rain is to 
cotton. The boll weevil in this crop was well 
under control, but the cool days and hard 
rains are helping with his destruction a good 
bit. 

Mr. Thos. D. Spiller, the general manger of 
the Spiller-Eiseman Sugar Company's property, 
Cora and Anandale, was a visitor to Plaque- 
mine during the. week. He stahtes that his com- 
pany will put in considerable improvement at 
Cora during the summer. They are now busily 
engaged on a Dutch oven which will give them 
considerable increased burner capacity. Over 
this they have just added a large 72" boiler. 
An air compressor will also be installed. The 
company, has recently purchased a strike pan, 
which will be set up and enable the" company 
to handle syrup when 'the market demands. 
Lender the shed the Mallon feeder has been 
given a thorough overhauling and a new car- 
rier chain will be put in. He states that the 
outlook is very good and that the rains are 
helping the cane very much. 

Mr. E. J. Achee, the inventor of the splendid 
oil burner which bears his name, was a visitor 
to Plaquemine on Wednesday to see the 
Plaquemine Foundry Company regarding the 
casting of new sputters. He states that he has> 
on hand contracts for a number of new ones. 
Mr. Achee has been working on a burner which 
will clear off the weeds from the track. He 
built and equipped a car at the Cedar Grove, 
which has been tested and seems to work ad- 
mirably well. This is a much needed improve- 
ment and if he can put a car on the market 
at a reasonable price it will be of great benefit 
to planters with railroads. 

At the Catherine, of the J. Supple Planting 
Company, Ltd., the railroad^ from Catherine 
Sugar House to Nottoway has been about com- 
pleted. With the cane from the Nottoway, 
Magnolia and Eureka, of M. Hanlon Sons, the 
Catherine will have a long grind. 

Mr. Ed, D. Dardenne, aged fifty-one, for 
many years a prosperous farmer on Bayou 



Plaquemine, died at Plaquemine on Thursday. 
For the past year Mr. Dardenne has been re- 
siding in El Paso, expecting that the dry air 
of that section would benefit him. 

Mr. Anatol Joly, formerly a sugar planter 
at St. Gabriel, is dangerously ill at his home 
in Plaquemine. 

Ibertille. 



AssumptloD. 

(SPBCIAL COBBSSPONDENCS.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

The right kind of moisture, with just 
enough sunshine, have been prevailing in As- 
sumption, and the planters are not finding any 
room to complain. The first good rain since 
the crop was laid-by occurred last Thursday, 
and since that day, rain and sunshine have 
been taking turns, all of which is bringing 
out the canes and causing general satisfac- 
tion among the planters. Some of the fields 
are not as free from grass as the planters 
would desire to have them, but even so, the 
crop is looking fine and it is hard to say 
which place has the best crop. No field work 
of any consequence has been done in the pas't 
five days, and just now the planters are tak- 
ing a vacation. From what your correspond- 
ent has observed the crops in the lower end 
of the parish are somewhat taller and in 
better condition, than those in the upper end 
of the parish. It seems that the planters 
of the upper end had rain earlier than those 
below and were able to lay-by before the 
three weeks rain of June. But this does not 
apply to all plantations below, as we are told 
that one or two places were behind with the 
field work as late as last week. 

Mrs. Landry LeBlanc, aged 72 years, an es- 
timable lady, who was residing with her son- 
in-law, Mr. W. H. Landry, overseer of Anne- 
lise Plantation, died last Sunday morning. 
The funeral service swere held the following 
day at Elizabeth Church, Paincourtville. 

Mr. J. M. E. Stow, formerly the able chem- 
ist on L. Godchaux's sugar estates in this 
parish, but recently in charge of a big sugar 
concern in Mexico, returned home last Satur- 
day. Mr. Stow is looking well and hearty 
and he has gained in weight during his stay 
in Meitico. He says that the place where he 
has made a very large crop and turned out a 
fine grade of sugar. Mr. Stow's family re- 
mained in Napoleonville during his absence. 

On Thursday of last week your correspond- 
ent visited a number of plantations in upper 
Assumption, and from what he could see, the 
crops are in fairly good shape. Most of the 
work of laying-by was completed, and the 
fields were free of grass. ' 

The Assumption planters are taking consid- 
erable interest in the movement of good roads, 
which was launched by the police jury at its 
last meeting. When the question is taken up 
at the August meeting, a large delegation of 
planters will be present 

Mr. S. Prejean and family were here last 
Tuesday, making the trip in Mr. Prejan's 
large touring automobile. 

Mr. J. P. Kock, the able proprietor and 
manager of the Belle Alliance plantation, left 
last Monday with his family for Canada, 
where they will spend the summer. 

The big mill of the Avon is being reimired 
and put in tiptop trim. Other improvements 
are being made in the sugar house, and by 
the time grinding starts, the mill and house 
will be in fine shape. 

ASSUICFTION. 



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S3 



Lafourche. 

(SPBCXAL CORBB8PONDBNCB.) 

Editor LouUiana Planter: 

The weather during the pa«t seven days 
has been somewhat unusual for the season 
from the fact that high winds have been pre- 
vailing most of the time. On Thursday, the 
15th, a storm came up from the northeast, 
accompanied by very high winds and rain that 
fell continuously for about one and a half 
hours, with possibly the precipitation of about 
two inches of water below Lockport, while 
only about one-half inch fell at Lockport. 
Other showers have fallen at different parts 
of the parish during the week, with a heavy 
rain again on Tuesday of this week, which 
seemed to be general thoughout the parish 
It was reported that considerable damage 
was done to late corn and the D74 sugar cane, 
but we are inclined to believe that the damage 
will be found very small on closer examina- 
tion. 

Jos. T. Badeaux, one of our wide awake 
planters, who wishes to be up to date in 
everything pertaining to the cultivation of 
sugar cane and the harvesting of the same, 
informs us that he has a cane cutting ma- 
chine on his place this year which he will test 
thoroughly and if found a success will give 
it a permaD'»nt place on his plantation. He 
was a visito*^ to New Orleans this week, hav- 
uig gone down Monda^'. 

Charles Mathews, the owner of the fine 
Georgia plantation and its tributaries, left 
this week for New Orleans for a week^s busi- 
absence. 

L. A. Blouin, owner of Bush Grove plan- 
tation and refinery, near Lafourche Crossing, 
left for his river plantations the first of the 
week, where he is making extensive improve- 
ments for handling this year*s crop. He says 
that his crop on Bush Grove is very satis- 
factory this year, having been laid by some 
days ago, but that the crop on his River 
plantations is n6t up to the average. As 
Mr. Blouin is one of our most successful 
planters, we anticipate great changes on his 
newly acquired properties as soon as he ban 
had the chance to bring them under his con- 
trol. 

Leopold C. Roger, member of the police 
jury for the parish, and a well known sugar 
planter with large interests in this parish, 
left this week for a trip to California. 



Iberia. 

(SPECIAL COBBESPONDBKCS. 

Editor Louiiiana Planter: 

Many anxious eyes have been watching the 
clouds and weather this week, for h\gk winds 
and copious rains have been the rule. For 
a while fanners were apprehensive that a 
repetition of last year's July storm would 
occur, but so far as heard from no harm 
has been done to the rice or corn, and as to 
the cane it only laughed at the winds and 
said, "come again.'* Last week left the cane 
crop laid by and work generally finisheu, and 
some two weeks had elapsed since a good rain 
had fallen and things were beginning to look 
bad in the hot sunshine, and a mute appeal 
came for rain from com and cane, which has 
been fully answered by splendid rains which 
have soaked the plants way down, accelerated 
by the shaking up of the winds. Whether or 
not we have passed the storm period remains 



to be seen, but at this writing no better con- 
ditions for cane or corn could exist and 
these crops are making great strides, the cane 
making joints and the com rapidly nearing 
maturity. So far the season could not be 
more favorable or auspicious, and everybody 
is well pleased with the prospect. 

Rice harvesting has started On the place 
of Mr. P. A. Conrad, Nita plantitlon, whc 
shipped to New Orleans this week, to Messrs. 
Bernard & Grima, 34 sacks of rice. The 
work will be continued now and shipments 
made regular. Mr. Conrad's crop will be 
about 5,000 sacks. Messrs. Robt. Marin and 
Robt. Conrad also estimate their crop at from 
5,000 to 7,000 sacks. 

A party has been here this week endeavor- 
ing to contract for all the straw that may 
be produced in this parish, which will give a 
return for a product that has heretofore been 
burned, that may result in a small revenue. 
To what use the straw is to be put was not 
stated, but it was all to be baled and shipped. 

The work of remodeling factories and re- 
pairing appliances and railroads still goes on 
and the factory sites are scenes of consider- 
able activity. 

The much talked of and long looked for 
railroad* the Evangeline Route, is about to 
materialize. President Welch, . of the New 
Iberia, St. Martin and Nor them Railroad, 
broke ground last Wednesday at Port Barre, 
the western termrnus, with great ceremonies, 
consisting of speeches, barbecue, the throw- 
ing out of the first shovelful ot earth by an 
aged lady of Opelousas, which was christened 
by Father Moran by breaking a bottle of 
champagne, and the great work was started. 
Messrs. Johnston & Allhands are the con- 
tractors, who have their outfits on the ground 
and who have contracted to deliver the road- 
bed with the rails laid by January 1, 1910. 
The line has been sublet to a number, so that 
there is reasonable expectancy that the roaTl, 
will be finished on time. The line will be 
forty- two miles in length from New Iberia to 
Port Barre and will pass through Loreauville, 
of this parish, and three miles east of St. 
Martinsville and through a beautiful stretch 
of Evangeline country which is destined to 
become a great sugar field, as the farmers 
there are disgusted with cotton and are sup- 
plying themselves with seed (^anes this fall, 
which means a new factory or two in the fu- 
ture. Node. 



Avoyelles. 

(SPECIAL CORBBSPvKDBKCB.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

With the exception of a trace of rain on 
the 15th and lOth, followed by refreshing 
light local showers on the afternoon of the 
17th, the weather has been dry and parching 
hot; in fact, too dry and hot for the growth 
of the cane and corn. The showers of the 
17th were from all accounts heavier at and 
in the neighborhood of Leinster than here, 
and west of here along Bayou Beouf. Unless 
copious showers come to the relief of the 
planters soon the late planted com will be a 
pronounced failure, and some of the old or 
first planting of corn will fail to come up 
to the mark in the yield of grain as it would 
have done had the rain which was' needed 
fallen on or about the 10th and then again' 
this week. 



Under the present dry and trying weather 
conditions the cane crops seem to be holding 
up wonderfully. The splendid growth which 
the cane crops of the Red River belt had made 
since early spring up to the first of this 
month, When the drought actually set in, is 
now, from all accounts, beginning to fall off 
for the want of moisture. At this season 
of the year the growing cane plants require 
daily tons of water to hold and build up the 
growth of the canes for obtaining a satisfac- 
tory tonnage to the acreage, as well as for 
increased yields of sugar when the canes are 
milled. Therefore, as one of our foremost 
cane planters stated on a recent date to the 
Planter's correspondent, it would be a wise 
plan to provide for irrigation and when a dry 
spell of weather makes its appearance raise 
steam and start the irrigating pumps to lift- 
ing water to flow out and benefit the fields 
of growing cane, which could be done at a 
comparatively small cost wherever there was 
abundant water i.cce8sable for pumping. 

Some of our weather forecasters add 
prophets predict that the month of August 
will provide all or more rain than the farm- 
ers will stand in need of or want. 

From a letter of recent date received from 
Gassier, Acadia parish, it is learned that no 
rain had fallen there for eight weeks. The 
bayous have all mn dry. The pumping plants 
on the rice plantations were running day and 
night and to their full capacity, and even 
then the water supply was inadequate for all 
purposes, and there was- apprehension unless 
rain came to the relief of the rice growers 
soon there would follow a short rice crop, for 
some of the deep wells were reported as show- 
ing signs of failure. 

From what our correspondent states char- 
bon has and is now destroying not a few 
horses, mules and cattle in the locality of 
Gassier; and he is inclined to the opinion 
that there may be glanders (of this he is not 
positive) as well as charbon at work on the 
stock in his section. 

W^hile closing this morning it is with pleas- 
ure I note since the above lines were written 
a glorious rain has fallen over this section, 
with prospects for more rain to follow. The 
gloom has been dispelled and everyone is now 
feeling better. „ 

Bbin. 



St. James— Left Bank. 

(SPKCIAL COHBBflPONDKKCB.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

The run of the past week has been pretty 
similar to the past several others in as much 
as it continues to be very warm, although we 
have had a touch of the storm that ruled around 
Galveston during the past two days. We got 
the best of it in a good, bountiful rainfall, which 
lasted well nigh half a day. In consequence 
the atmosphere was cooled considerably and all 
day Wednesday was pleasant, but to-day 
(Thursday) the hfat is fa?t coming on again 
and we are once more in the throes of the 
heated July terra. 

Whilst the rice planters were looking upon 
this rainy spell with a dismal look and a 
broken heart, fearing that their hopes in their 
so far fine crops were blasted, the sugar planter 
was jubilant over such a godsend and was 
anxious to see the rainfall extend itself until 
at least three inches had fallen on the laid-by 
crops. 



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54 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



tVol. xllii. No. 4 



How could both be satisfied? 

The cane crop is in a very fine condition, the 
rainfall having done it all the good it could, and 
the rice crops also are very promising and are 
ripening rapidly. Preparations for threshing 
are being attended to and it will not be long 
ere some of these plucky rice planters around 
here have some, of their cereal on the mar- 
ket. 

Mr. Louis Duhon, a well known engineer of 
the parish, is presently busily engaged repair- 
ing the Rapidan factory,* which will need a 
thorough overhauling prior to the grinding cam- 
paign of 1909. If we remember correctly the 
ovraer of this place had to bring his crop to 
a neighboring factory after a severe accident 
happened in the Rapidan factory just about 
the middle of the season, the repairs being im- 
posible just at that time. 

Mr. Louis Himel is having his Helvetia place 
thoroughly repaired, too, as the crops of this 
one and the Wilton plantation will be ground 
there instead of at the Wilton. The factory is 
a well equipped one and with a few repairs here 
and there will be in fine condition to take care 
of the two crops. 

Mr. Sidney Levet, a valuable attache of the 
old-time Bougere or San Francisco plantation, 
in St. James i)arish, was a visitor in our sec- 
tion this week combining pleasure with business 
and stated that the crops down his way were 
doing fine and were, in fact, very promising. 

Ck)NVENT. 



St. Charles. 

(SPECIAL COBBESPONDENCB.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

The monotonous weather which has been 
prevailing for the past several weeks, with only 
a few showers here and there and extreme 
temperatures during the greater part of the 
day, was broken on Monday, when the wind 
rose gradually and shifted to the north and a 
good shower was had at the beginning of the 
night. By the early hours of Tuesday morn- 
ing the wind was blowing at a terrific velocity 
and the rains came down heavily in spasmodic 
streaks. This lasted off and on until about 
noon of Tuesday, when the wind had reached 
its climax and was blowing a hurricane. The 
rain at this time came down in torrents and 
continued to fall that way until night, when 
the wind subsided more or less and the rain 
weakened. With this change the temperature 
went down considerably and light coverings 
came in very handy during the night of Mon- 
day and Tuesday and during the day coats 
were kept on to be comfortable. On Thursday 
morniug the weather appears to bo settled, with 
a clear sky and no sign of rain, though the 
temperature has again resumed its warm quali- 
ties and this will probably call forth later on 
a few light showers. No extensive damage has 
been reported as a result of the heavy wind 
outside of the breaking down of a few fences 
and some small outhouses and sheds. 

On the different plantations the rains had 
have not done any damage to the cane crop, 
as it was ready to stand some water after 
the past dry spell. However, some few were 
just getting rid of the last round of work to 
the cane and the weather cut them off It is 
hard to say whether this will be done now, Sb 
the cane wil probably be too high to allow the 
working of same with plows or cultivators and 
should the grasses set in, as the chances are 



in some cases, the hoes will have to be re- 
sorted to in order to cut down the grass. 

The com crop, especially that which was 
first planted and is at present far advanced, 
will suffer more or less from the heavy winds, 
as it was strong enough to bring down a good 
deal of this com. The com which had not 
been topped was much more exposed and con- 
sequently suffered more. The last planted com 
did not suffer as much and though some of it 
is down it is claimed by the planters that it is 
young enough yet to regain its former straight 
stand. The peas will not suffer any ; on the 
contrary, the rain will prove of great value to 
them and the future growth will be rapid. 

The field work has been but little, owing 
to the wet ground, only cleaning up of ditch 
banks being done and the mowing down of the 
extra growth of srrass on tiie unused roads of 
the plantations. 

To the rice planters, to some of them, the 
rain was a godsend, those whose rice is yet 
small and in need of water; to those whose 
crop is already up and out and who ex- 
pected to make a start at cutting Monday the 
rain and wind have been very harmful in 
bringing down the high rice and washing away 
the pollen of the rice which was just out. 

Mr. A. Lasseigne, of LaPlace, was here on 
Thursday. 

Mr. and Mrs. R. J. Sellers are being con- 
gratulated upon the arrival of a big boy. 

Fbeshie. 



POREIQN LBTTERS. 



The Louisiana Ens:ineer8, Ctiemists and 

Sds^ar Makers' Association. 

This organization was formed in the fall 
of 1908, with a membership of forty-one 
which seems to be continually increasing, and 
they have the expectation of including in 
their membership roll practically all of the 
best sugar house employes in the State. They 
have opened their headquarters and office at 
room 309 Godchaux building, New Orleans, 
where all the conveniences will be found and 
members will have a comfortable meeting place 
where they can keep appointments and trans- 
act business, and sugar house employes living 
in the country are cordially invited to call 
and make the office their headquarters when 
they are in the city. Applications for mem- 
bership can be filed at the office of the As- 
sociation and suitable blanks can be had there 
or from any member of the organization. 



Washington Whitewash. 

This is an excellent wash' for house-roofs 
or elsewhere. If properly made it will neither 
wash off nor rub off, and has the appear- 
ance of paint. It is so named from the fact 
that the "White House" at Washington, the 
official residence of the President of the Uni- 
ted States, is coated with it. The formula is 
as follows: Slake a bushel of quicklime in 
a barrel, covering with a bag while the lime 
is working; melt 1 pound of common glue to 
a thin size; make 1% pounds of ground rice 
into a thin paste with boiling water; mix up 
1 pound whiting, as you wonld mustard. When 
the lime is quite slaked add the glue, whiting 
and rice paste and a half-peck of common 
salt. Mix well and let stand for forty-eight 
hours, keeping covered. Thin down to con- 
sistency of ordinary whitewash and apply hot. 
Jmirnal of Affriailture, South Australia. 



Havana. 

(staff COBEB8POKDBNCB.) 

Havana, July 16, 1909. 

Sugar Market. — In spite of the QuietnesB 
that prevails in this market, prices rule 
steady, owing to the unimportance of dis- 
posable stocks and the hope entertained by 
holders regarding an early advance in New 
York, at which place quotations still remain 
25 cents below the European parity for beet 
sugar. 

Market, accordingly, closes quiet, but 
strongly supported at from 2.37% to 2.43% 
cents per pound, for 95-96 test centrifugals 
of good shipping classes, and at from 1% to 
1% cents do. for 88-90 do, molasses sugars, 
stocks of which have by this time dwindled 
down next to nothing. 

Crop News. — Heat and moisture have been 
again the prevalent feature of the week un- 
der review, thou^ much Iritegularity has 
continued to be noticed in the distribution of 
the rain, the lack of which at some places 
did not occasion the want of moisture at any 
part, the copious rainfalls of the preceding 
weeks having imparted to the soil humidity 
enough to promote during several weeks the 
growth of crops in same; the overflow of 
rivers and the impassable conditions of the 
roads continue at Remedios and in the 
southeast region of the province of Cama- 
guey, whereas it has rained very little, or 
not at all, in the southern part of the prov- 
ince of Havana and the eastern region of 
that of Santa Clara. 

The aspect of the cane crop is generally 
satisfactory, although there are in the island 
some parls in which it has been utterly im- 
possible to plant the totality of the lands 
previously prepared to sa*d object and many 
fields have been invaded by grass and weeds, 
especially in the northeast part of the prov- 
ince of Santa Clara, owing, on one side, to 
the exccsfl of moisture in the soil and on 
the other to the scarcity of field hands, who, 
despite the high salaries offered them, say, at 
from $1.20 to $1.40 Spanish silver, per day, 
for plowing and cleaning up the fields, prefer 
either to remain idle or go and work on the 
tobacco plantations, picking and baling the 
leaf, which is less hard labor than that they 
would have to perform in the fields, under 
the scorching sun. 

Notwithstanding the foregoing remarks, the 
preparation of new lands and the planting 
of those previously prepared are being pushed 
throughout the island as fast as allowed by 
the special conditions prevailing in each dis- 
trict, regarding the moisture in the soil and 
the labor possibilities, and on this account 
great hopes are entertained regarding the re- 
sults to be expected from the next crop. 

Lahor^s Scarcityjt — ^A local (paper (having 
ascertained that the scarcity of labor, I above 
alluded to, is chiefly due to the lack of 
guarantees on the imrt of planters and colo- 
nists for the payment of their hands, and 
the obligation imposed upon laborers to ac- 
quire all the articles they need for their liv- 
ing in the stores established on the sugar 
factories, the manager of one of the largest 
plantations in the island states that all the 
most important factories weekly pay off their' 
laborers with the greatest regularity and 



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55 



no pressure whatever is brought to bear upon 
them, in order to make their purchases in the 
plantation stores, they remaining at liberty to 
acquire wherever they please, all the commo- 
dities they are in need of. 

Accordingly, the causes of the lack of 
labor mast be sought elsewhere, and among 
the principal ones to which it is attributed, 
the organization of the Cuban permanent 
army, and the enrollment of a large number 
of men by the Department of Public Works, 
must be mentioned in the first place; next 
comes the picking and baling of tobacco leaf 
in a large number of small towns, especially 
in the provinces of Pinar del Rio and Santa 
Clara, which divert many men from agricul 
tural purusits; but, above all, gambling that 
does more harm than all the ^ other causes to- 
gether, because it accustoms the countrymen 
to liv* in idleness aii.i vaarrancy, not to say 
more. 

On this account, public opinion incessantly 
urges the govermnenl tb -promulgate at once 
a severe law against vagrancy, in order to 
compel all able-bodied men, who lack of means 
to support themselves and thier families, to 
devote themselves to some lucrative occupa- 
tion . 

T. D. 



er. First marks granulated have been spar 
ingly offered and slightly higher prces have 
been paid for ready and near sugars. Foreign 
cubes and cut loaf have been slow of sale 
and in some cases are l\^d Tower, in sympathy 
with English cubes. Crushed and chips are 
in fair demand at about previous rates, 
whilst i?ymp remains unchanged. — Produce 
Market Review, June 26. 



Sugar in London. 

I'he first weekly return of the weight and 
sugar contents of some beet roots of th« 
new crop, gathered from one district, proved 
one thing only, and that was that the pres- 
ent season is a later one than the last by a 
few days. This, however, was sufficient to 
cause a mere shade of anxiety to speculators 
for the fall, and also afforded a pretext for 
making prices rather higher to would-be buy- 
ers. Since then, however, favorable weatber 
has been experienced abroad, and there has 
been raore disposition to sell speculatively, 
though it is understood that there is little 
offering as yet by the fabrics nts themselves. 
As a contrast with the more favorable weath- 
er for growth abroad, the weather in this 
country has been absolutely opposed to any- 
thing like a summer demand for sugar, and 
the trade has consequently been reduced to 
actual requirements. There has therefore 
been a tendency to easier prices, though lit- 
tle actual change has taken place, owing to 
the absence of pressure to sell. As regards 
other markets, New York quotations have 
been rather steadier, while with reference to 
the usual weekly statistics wbich are issuea 
it is to be noted that with smaller receipts 
of raw sugar than the meltings by refiners, 
American stocks show a further reduction, 
sugar to come forward to supply them for 
several weeks, and there are still a few cen- 
tral factories at work in the island. The 
demand for cane sugar here, so far as refin- 
ing and manufacturing kinds are concerned, 
has been conspicuously small, partly owing to 
the light offers of suitable sugar, but grocery 
kinds, both soft and crystallised, have met 
with a better enquiry and prices remain 
steady. Thre were no imports of crystallised 
raws to London for the week ending the 
24th inst. ; the total for this year remaining 
25,311 tons against 22,518 tons in 1908. 

The refined market hns been steady during 
the past week with the exception of Tate's 
cubes and granulated, which are l%d cheap- 



Su£:ar in London. 

Very little business has been done on the 
market during the past few days, the demand 
irom the trade being still characterised by 
small buying, while speculators seem little 
inclined to move the market <»nher way. The 
favorable, though late, start wliich the new 
beet crop has now made has not as yet in- 
duced any disposition to sell, either on th.^ 
part of the Continental makers or speculators, 
the latter, presumably, being of opinion that 
the present value of new crop sugar, which 
is now slightly under 10s, does not warrant 
an onslaught at so early a period. So far. 
beyond the official confirmation of the in- 
creased area planted with beet in Germany, 
there is little to rely upon owing to the late 
start made. The prespect of even larger 
cane crops next season has not as yet entered 
as a factor into the situation. Should all 
estimates, however, be realized eventually — 
and there are many months to pass through 
before finality is reached — there is the pros- 
pect of the largest cane sugar production the 
world has ever known. The greatest increase 
will be seen in those countries which are 
now bound to the United States by so-called 
r^iproteal ties, while, notwithstanding the 
enormous amount of free cane sugar which 
is even now admitted into America, it is re- 
ported that the American beet sowings are 
also considerably larger than last year. So 
far as the present is concerned their refiners 
have been kept well supplied with Cuban and 
nrher cane sugars, although their meltings for 
the past month have been very heavy, amount- 
ing to 206,000 tons, compared with 173,000 
tons, and it is strange reading, according to 
a telegram published by Renter, that the 
American Sugar Refining Company and six 
of its directors have been indicted on a charge 
of conspiracy in restraint of trade. No other 
details are given, and subsequent explanations 
should prove interesting reading. It has been 
evident for a long time that there has been 
nothing like a free market for sugar in New 
York, and an accession to the strength of the 
indepenuent refiners there may possibly help 
to bring about an alteration. In the United 
Kingdom business i" cane refining kinds has 
been very small, either here or in the outports, 
and some of the lower kinds which are not 
exportable, such as Brazilian sugar, have been 
sold cheaply, but other descriptions are un- 
changed. Grocery sugars have met with a 
steady demand, more particularly for crystal- 
lised, and values are maintained. The imports 
of this sugar to London for the week ending 
the 1st instant amounted to 500 tons, and 
for this year to 25.811 tons, against 22,518 
tons in 1908. 

The refined market has been uneventful, 
trade having been somewhat slow, and prices 
remarkably steady. We have now passed 
through a month of comparative depression, 
and prices are still within l%d of the high- 



est point. English sugars are in good de- 
mand, granulated being 1^ easier and Cubes 
unchanged. In Continental sugars there is* 
no material alteration, but granulated has 
been a little more plentiful, owing to early 
July tenders. Sellers, however, show no dis- 
position to reduce prices. Crushed, chips and 
pieces are steady. — Produce Markets Review, 
July 3. 

British Ouiana. 

Demeraba, June 26, 1909. 

(BPBCIAL COBRESP0KD1DICE.J 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

Markets. — Sales for export to Canada July- 
August delivery have been made at a price equal 
to $2.25 to 2.27% per 100 pounds net in 
Georgetown. For local consumption small lots 
are being disposed of at $2.25 to $2.40 per 100 
pounds. Rum market continues steady, but very 
little business is being transacted. 

Weather and Cultivation. — The month of 
June has so far proved to be wet and un- 
favorable to growing crops. During the first 
fortnight of the month showers were moderate, 
but since the 14th rainfall has been persistent 
and heavy. The record for the month to date 
varies from 8 to 16 inches. There has been a 
marked absence of bright sunshine, which is 
much needed to encourage a rapid growth. 
Growing canes present a more or less healthy 
appearance, but they are backward for age and 
are not growing with the vigor usual at this 
period of the year. The season's replanting 
will be completed this month and necessary sup- 
plying work has already been attended to. 
Weather is too wet to permit of rapid progress 
with tillage, and weeding work is behind 
hand. 

Sugar Making. — ^The majority of estates Tn«vp 
closed the mid-year reaping with satisfactory 
results. The best yields of sugar have been 
obtained from the D 625. The Bourbon has 
yielded well and much in advance of the ma- 
jority of the seedlings. It is the best cane yet 
grown in British Guiana, apart from its liabil- 
ity to suffer from fungoid disease. 

Rice. — Little, if any, paddy will be offered 
for sale before November and as stocks on hand 
are low an upward tendency in the price of 
rice can be looked for. The present value of 
clean rice is $4.40 per bag of 180 pounds. The 
farmers appear to be hanging back over the 
planting of crops and only a very moderate area 
has as yet been planted. 

Molasses. — Some molasses nas been made dur- 
ing this short grinding season, with small sales 
at 21c to 22c. 

Whiting x Richter. 



Mallon's improved Cane Carrier Cliain 

The Boland Machine and Manufacturing Com- 
phny, 1006 Tchoupitoulas street. New Orleans, 
manufacturers of this new style of carrier 
chain, which seems to be the coming chain, 
especially for plants of the larger size, have 
received the following letter from the Argyle 
Planting and Manufacturing Company, of Hou- 
ma. La. : 

HouMA, La., July 16, 1009. 
Boland Machine and Manufacturing Co. : 

Gentlemen — Yours received asking for our 
opinion concerning the improved Mallon Car- 
rier Chains. After ♦taving ^ used this chain 
for two seasons will say il is a great saving 
over old-style carrier chains. We have not 
changed one single carrier slat in past two 
seasons :• have not been delayed one minute 
by breakage; chain don't break and have no 
trouble with cane falling lli rough carrier as is 
the case with old-style chain. The initial cost 
of the new-style chain is greater, but this ex- 
tra cost is more than made good in one season. 
Our chain is about as good to-day as when we 
first bought it. There is very little wear or 
deterioration. Yours truly, 

Argyle Planting and Mfg. Co., Ltd., 

M. J. BoNviLLAiN, Secy. 

The Boland Machine and Manufacturing 
Company solicits orders and inquiries for this 
chain from all parts of the sugar producing 
world, and they feel confident where once in- 
troduced it will continually grow in favor. 



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56 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. XlllI, No. 4 



New York. 

(STAFF CORBBSPOMDKKCE.) 

Everything is very quiet this week. No con- 
tracts of importance have been closed so far 
as we have been able to learn. For new things, 
there is nothing to say at present. No inquiries 
are reported, but several good things are still 
being looked forward to by the trade. There is 
a large amount of work open which has been 
estimated on, but still remains unclosed. One 
or two good jobs which were expected to be 
closed this season have been definitely put off 
until next year. One of these, we understand, 
is in Cuba. Business In small supplies for 
repairing and slightly extending plants con- 
tinues to come in on a good scale. 

In connection with the extensions being made 
by the Santa Cecelia Sugar Company, of Cuba 
and 30 Broad Street, this city, the company 
are now inviting bids on two 300 horsp.-power 
return tubular boilers and several pumps. 

Mr. Edgar Gamett, who is the administra- 
tor at the Central and who has a summer 
home at Monterey, Massachusetts, is now en- 
joying his vacation at Monterey. He was in 
town this week with Mr. Emilio Soils, chief 
engineer of Santa Cecelia, introducing him 
about in the machinery trade. Mr. Soils is 
looking after the technical end of the purchase 
of mechanical equipment. Orders have just 
been placed with Kilbourne & Jacobs, ot Co- 
lumbus, Ohio, who have their New York office 
at 50 Church Street, for twenty standard gauge 
cane cars. Mr. Gamett reports that the pres- 
ent season has been a most successful one in 
every way. 

Word has ben received by his friends here 
that Mr. J. Dunham has resigned as manager 
of the Francisco Sugar Company, whose plan- 
tation is located at Guayabal, on the south 
coast of Cuba. Mr. J. Hionda has been ap- 
pointed manager of ttie plantation to succeed 
him. Mr. Rionda is very well known in the 
sugar trade here through his long association 
with Czarnikow-McDougall and Co., of this 
city. 

Mr. James Gaul, who, as we have previously 
noted, has recently resigned from the employ 
of P. Tenant's Sons' estate, Trinidad, B. W. 
I., to assume charge of the properties of t\4 
British Sugar Company, in Peru, has just left 
this city for Peru. He stopped here for about 
two weeks and stated that the croiw in Trini- 
dad were unusually big this year, but that 
nothing new would be done in the way of ex- 
tensions or new operations. Mr. Gaul has 
many friends in this city, who wish him great 
success in his new undertaking in Peru. 

Mr. Frank Shaflfer, president of the Hugh 
Kelly Company, of this city, and Mr. James 
Adams, the chief engineer of the company, 
whose headquarters are in Cuba, have just left 
for a trip of insi% ction of the company's Cuban 
properties. 



New York. 

New York. July 16, 1909. 
The sugar market has been very quiet. 
Raws have been o^ejred .at 3.98 Vi, last July 
'and first half August shipment, and quite a 
large number of sugars could be had ship 
meut this month at 3.95. The refiners have 
not been willing to pay over 3.92. A few 
transactions occurred at the 3.92 basis. The 
sales reported did not total over 7,000 bags 



CUBAN 5UQAR CROP 1908-1909. 

Statement of Exports and Stocks o.' Sagar, Jane 80, 1909 and same dates In 1908 and 1907. 



Hi 
U 

Ci 

c\ 
81 

G 

Ci 
M 

81 

A-«».« 

NipeBAy 

Nuevltas 

Jnoaro 

Glbara y Poerto Padre. 

Zasa 

Trinidad 



del Snr. 



Mayana 

Matansaa 

Cardenas 

Cienfaegos... 

Saffoa 

Calbarien 

Gnaotanamo. 
Cuba. 



^ 

2< Manxanuio. 



Santa Cruz del Sur 

Autllla 

Nipe Bay 

Nuevltas 

Jnoaro 

Gibara y Puerto Padre. 

Zaza 

Trinidad 



1907 



Bags. 



7M7a7 

1,8j7,9i5 

1,04.% 446 

1,68 .3^ 

66.^b00 

616,110 

428,606 

6^160 

8o3,801 

71,6tt 

144,9 1 

100,6 5 

182,812 

674;hU 

67;867 



7,911,781 



834,931 

It9.7s6 

892,240 

190,069 

(0,H20 

212,447 

16,644 

10.C77 

10.086 

18',e66 

6;4t6 

21,^75 
12,000 



1,671,069 



Tons. 



1,180,256 



820,151 



1008 



Bage. 



640,184 
672,174 
887.887 
962,25 i 
8l7,«6^^ 
522,910 
273,621 

4 .1.0 
889.461 

86,9-1 
177 291 

U7,3)<4 
ll«,44i7 

68 2JU 
488,0i6 

86',2li 

6,124 186 



820,551 
118.884 
14M,60H 
131,427 
30,981 
60.589 
82,947 
6,286 



14.787 
4,491 

1,262 
25,679 
16.100 



915,890 



Tons 



774,834 



130,841 



1900 



Bags. 



749.830 

1.087,863 

1 018,19 > 

1,400.424 

046,646 

5U,6l7 

409 757 

69,014 

867,485 

107,006 

216 3>2 

226,497 

172.08S 

218,641 

787,782 

6r,966 

7,998,466 



620.207 
146,126 
d68,62l 
192,7«8 

4i,907 
lM,87i 

24,067 
1,90* 

22,130 

7.466 
15,387 
9,688 

10*688 
20,9.0 



l,6?4,8e4 



Tons. 



1,142,6.8 



228,562 



Looal oonsQmptlon, 6 montli 



Stock January 1, (old crop) 

Recefpts to Jun*" SO, at all the ports 



1,861,406 
.. 22,970 

1,8WJ77 



),892,8T6 



9^5.725 
24,990 

934,715 
9,3 18 

626 397 



1,366,190 
81,780 

1,397,970 



18k7.070 



Nora— Bags 880 lbs. and Tons 2.240 lbs. 
Havana, Juae 30, 1900. 



JOAQUIN GUMA-FBDERICO MEJER. 



1,000 of wnich were centrifs, at 3.92, and 
6,000 molasses, at 3.17. 

The market ^as been steady. It has not 
been a bad market to work in. The refiners 
have been buyers at the 3. 92 basis ;all of 
them willing to take sugar at this figure. 
Owners have . wanted more, but the amount 
of their offerings has been against tbem. The 
trade in refined has continued inactive and 
there has been nothing in the situation to 
cause the refiners to become eager buyers of 
raw supplies. The dull period has brought an 
accumulation of raws that weighs upon thi: 
market. The large offerings, while they keep 
prices from going ahead, are not in them- 
selves the cause of the dull market that has 
prevailed. '±Qey are the result of other con- 
ditions that have made a market that is too 
narrow to assimilate with sufficient speed the 
supplies furnished by this year*s crops. It 
takes too long for the country to consmne 
the refined sugar that is shipped out. The 
demand isn't big enough. The crops have 
been taken care of so far, the refiners* melt- 
ings have been large and they have carried 
'large /sulrpluds stoicks, but ,the market for 
some time has been inclined to let business 
catch up, to wait for it, and values can't 
improve until there is something solid upon 
which advances can be based. The situation 
is not depressing. The dullness has already 
prevailed quite some time and better trade 
will probably spring up soon, this being the 
summer season. There is confidence in the 
situation. The refiners are buyers at 8.92. 
Prices are not ton-heavy. Values have not 
been getting ahead of conditions. When busi- 
ness gets better we will have a wider market. 
It is not an unsatisfactory market to-day. 

The European markets have been fairly 
steady. Beets for delivery this month an 



quoted at equal to 4.20 New York, next 
month, at 4.21, and October-December new 
crop at 4.09. 

Cuba reports six factories still at work 
and the production so far is given as 1,405,- 
000 tons. The biggest crop ever produced in 
Cuba, that of 1907, turned out 1,427,675 tons. 
The 1909 crop won't have to go much farther 
to bent that record. 

Refined SugAr. — Warner's nominal price te 
basis 4.80, with all other New York refiners 
quoting basis 4.75, less 1 per cent cash. While 
business has continued only fair, indications 
point to a daily increasing demand. The 
Federal alone will sell to jobbers und manu- 
facturers, twenty-eight days' delay; other re- 
finers seven /lays to jobbers, thirty days' de- 
lay to manufacturers. 

M. G. Wanzor & Co. 



Baldwin Locomotive Work s. 

This well known Philadelphia corporation, 
that has ^been building locomotives for more 
than half a century and whose advertise- 
ment will be founu in our columns, advise us 
that on July 1st they purchased the entire 
property, business and good will of the firm 
of Bumham, Williams & Co., and assume all 
of its assets and liabilities. The name of 
Baldwin, and Baldwin locomotives, are known 
wherever American locomotives are known, 
and that is practically wherever railroads ex- 
ist. In addition, however, to their great lo- 
comotive business for standard gauge, the 
Baldwin Locomotive Works have been build- 
ing mine, funiace and industrial locomotives, 
including locomotives for plantation work for 
all gauges of track, and th<^' invite correspon- 
dence from anyone' interested and will give 
prompt response, with specifications, estimates 
and suggestions. Addi^ss them, Baldwin Lo- 
comotive Works, Philadelphia, Penn., U. 
S. A. 



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57 



A Tour Thi 
Decemt 

SUGAR, AGRI< 
OPEI 

iCon\ 

Ykld appea 
learn, to range 
per acre. In 
where "canes h 
fxpresaed of r 
much in the li 
ing anything 
In Poona and 
are not uncon 
Coimbatore su 
will vary \\U 
which the ca 
stated that on 
on an averaj 
mannds gnr, > 
1% tons gr.r. 
mated at 60 r 
dian system, c 
from one acre 

Milltng. — In 
1896 Mr. Mo 
Agriculture fo 
of harvesting 
tlie Poona Dis 

As being si 
count given in 
tessoT Knight 

"Near Poon 
ing the cane.*? 1 
by contract. ' 
and effect 4 b 



case of th^ 
bullocks antt 
ibout Rs. l.S 

vertical iron 
IS nowadays 
Poona, is un- 
e antiquated 
It more than 
tier mill, but 
5r cent, more 
reight, richer 
^ lbs. gul i^ 
J crushed by 

cattle whicb 

me, and sup* 

juice or n 

lay from the 

r power re^ 
less quantity 
1 more than 
?anes, i. e. a 
ngs." 

as generally 
l"xl8" with 
mtral roller, 
ig mill, the 
one outside 
:ain between 

jrtainly sur- 
ider the au- 
ilture are to 



POONA MILL ON SIlOLAPnt HOAl), NKAK MAN.JKl L'vpKKIMKNTAL I ARM 



[•let is larger 
I than the iron mill, but is similarly constructed 
I and driven. It is not claimed for it that it gives 



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[Vol. xllil. No. 4 



as high an extraction as the iron mill. In spite 
of the alleged superiority of the iron mill, I 
have seen several wooden mills still at work in 
this district. 

HORIZONTAL WOODEN MILL AT' JULLUNDUR. 

The mills used in the Panjab are of various 
constructions. The photograph shows one I 
found working at Jullundur. This was a two 
roller horizontal wooden mill. At Amritsar 1 
found several vertical wooden mills working in- 
side the city, one of which was the subject of 
the photograph. In the extreme North of the 
Panjab I found small three roll iron mills 
worked by one bullock. These were shorter 
than the mills found in the United Provinces. 
The latter are known as the Nahan and are gen- 
erally worked by a pair of bullocks. The two 
large rollers of these are $"xlO", the small 4^" 
xlO." This mill gives a single crush, the small 
roller merely holding up the canes for the two 
large ones, and although no figures could be ob- 
tained on account of the canes not being weighed, 
it must be admitted that the megass looked fair- 
ly well crushed. 

The photographs show some of these Nahan 
mills at Panchli near Meerut where Khan Ba- 
hadur Mahomed Hadi was working his demon- 
Btration plant. Some eight were in use at the 
one station and several more were being carted 
in, but one of Thomson and Mylnes Behea mills 
was standing without its lever, disused. The 
reason for this I was unable, even after some 
enquiry, to ascertain. 

At the Manjri Experimental Farm I found in 
Januarj' a horizontal three roller mill by Rus- 
ton Proctor 12"x24* belt driven by an oil en- 
gine, which had been imported for the crop of 
1907, but having refused to take cane, it was 
<M>Dsidered a failure and hung up. I suggested 
an alteration to the trash turner, which, I learnt 
from Prof. Knight a few days before leaving 
Bombay, had got over the difficulty, as it had 
done its work satisfactorily throughout the 
crop of 1908, but of course could not be re- 
versed. 

With regard to the larger modern mills I saw. 



THOMSON & MYLNE'S 

there is little to say. They were certainly hav- 
ing very woody canes to deal with, and one 
would not expect the second mill dealing with 
such cane to squirt visitors to the factory ali 
over ith juice. On one set I saw toggle gear be- 
having f»s it usually does. Here, however, the 
squirting was done by the first mill and the vic- 
tims were the engineer of the factory and my- 
self. 

Crushing. — There is great variation in the 
figures given m various parts of India with re- 
gard to the crushing done by the mills, and in 
the absence of figures giving approximately the 
fibre in the canes in the several districts, the 



NAHAN MILL AT PANCHLI 



MILL AT PANCHLI 

conclusion seems to be forced on one that the 
crushing varies with the fibre as it always does. 
The system of giving out the manufacture of the 
sugar by contract seems an excellent one, but 
I should not be surprised to learn that the con- 
tractor has been long aware that a tight mill not 
only increases the strain on his bullocks, but 
decreases the quantity he can make in a given 
time and therefore his daily earnings. In other 
words, he may find it pays him best, when hb 
employer's back is turned, to ease oif his mill 
and thus obtain his juice the faster. Wherever 
they are employed I heard great complaint as to 
the scarcity and the independence of those men. 
This being so, thoy are pretty sure of employ- 
ment thronshout the crop in one place or an- 
other, BO the faster they can make their juice the 
mor<» thoy earn. I may, however, be doing those 
excellent men an injustice. 

Except in so far as I was able to judge by 
nppe? ranees, I can, of my ov/n knowledge, say 
nothing of the crushing, but once from behind 
the second mill of a modern, plant, I picked up a 
handful of megass and squeezed the juice out of 
it in streams. A couple of seconds later that 
second mill, as if in revenge, squirted myself 
and two companions all over with juice. I hav.* 
feen the like from behind a single mill else- 
where. 

With regard to the small single mills worked 
by bullock power; Mr. Mollison in No, 8 of the 
Agricultural Ledger of 1898 gives the following 
figures as the results of trials : 

Dharwar throe roller wooden mill 56.97% 

Bellary three roller iron mill 63.79% 

Poona three roller iron mill. . 68.00% 

The crushing recorded at the Manjri 
Farm, ll.»06-7 on some of the expe- 
rimental plots was given as 75.5 % 

75.3 % 
72.2 % 
75.9 % 

70.4 % 
78.2 % 

and in two cases as high as 80.0% and. .80.7 % 

Hadi for Rohilkhand gives the extraction 
from the ordinary two roller iron mill as 45% 

to 55%. 



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59 



CANE MILL, AMIKITSAB CITY 



In the Report of the Sub-Committee at Cawn- 
pore in 1907 on the Scheme for the Improve- 
ment of the Sugar Cane Industry of India, par. 
11: 

**The following information with regard to 
milling tests was supplied. 

"In the United Provinces the best of the iron 
tnills in ordinary use gives about 65% of extrac- 
tion, whilst the inferior mills give about 45%. 
In Mysore with thick canes the local 3 roller 
Iron vertical mill gives 67%% of extraction 
whilst a small power mill gives 76%. In Bom- 
bay the local Poona mill gives an extraction of 
68% to 72%. 

Professor Knight quotes Mr. Mollison as giv- 
ing for bullock power mills under the ordinary 
conditions : 

For soft canes 73.00% 

For hard canes 60.00% 

but he states that the same mill 
working on Pundia cane at Man- 
jri Farm gave 79.00% 

The figures quoted above have been obtained 
as the result of experiments on a very small 
scale and cannot be accepted as the perform- 
ances in ordinary work of these small mills. I 
feel bound to say, however, that the megass 
from the small mills looked better crushed than 
that from the large ones, and the best that I 
saw in India was that from Warad's double mil! 
at Sholapur. In some cases these heavier mills, 
with a large cane, were quoted as giving 69%, 
others, with small cane, 66% to 67%. the crush 
in all cases being double. 

The adoption of the irno mill has evidently 
been a very slow process. It was stated to me 
In the Panjab that some of the cultivators when 
their iron mills wore out were going back to 
wooden ones, cost being the reason given. The 
Nahan mill is said to weigh only 300 lbs. and to 
cost on the spot Rs. 75. 

ClarifScation, in the Small Gurhals, is effected 
in the evaporating pans and here in the scum 
some lo6s of sugar takes place. In these small 
Peaces, however, it would not be easy to avoid 
this. The scum is in very small quantities and 



mechanical separatois would be considered be- 
! 3"ond the means of the owners. 

Lime as a rule is not used, but, in his work on 
"Improvements in Native Methods of Sugar 
Manufacture," Mr. Hadi states that Sajji (Car- 
bonate of Soda) is. He begins by attaching 
much importance to the effect of Deula (wild 
hibiscus, also called Bhendi), but further on 
admits that the sugar makers of Saharanpur 
and Bareilly use Carbonate of Soda without the 
addition of Deula, and says that in his own ex- 
perience it has been found to be preferable to 
avoid the addition of Deula to Sajji water. He 
then continues to describe the method of cor- 



recting the clarification which he adopts when 
he requires absolute transparency in the liquor 
— in other words, if he finds he has not given 
enough Carbonate of Soda he adds more. There 
is nothing new in this, nor in the use of goat 
skins for carrying the juice from the mills to 
the olarifier, which was the practice at Panchli 
where I found Mr. HadI engaged in demonstra- 
tions to a number of pupils from all parts of 
India. 

At page 5 of the work referred to he attaches 
importance to cleanliness. I was therefore sur- 
prised to see the goatskins, and have not yet 
come to any conclusion as to how they are 
cleaned. 

By the exercise of much care, however, Mr. 
Hadi obtains a very fair clarification, and every 
sugar maker knows that the clarification mere- 
ly deteimines the freedom of the product from 
the mechanical impurities originally present in 
the juice. Milk of lime as used ordinarily if 
applied to such small quantities of juice would 
bo fatal to the colour of the product. Lime 
thus applied would, however, stock to the bot- 
tom of the evaporating tray used by Mr. Hadi 
and complicate matters, but I question much if 
the judicious and careful use of strong clear 
lime water would not effect a clarification equal- 
ly as good as that attained by the Deula and 
Carbonate of Soda. 

In manufacture on the larger scale it is ques- 
tionable whether in the past 30 or 40 years there 
has been any improvement in clarification — 
whether there has not, indeed, been retrogress- 
ion, as in many modem plants which have been 
enlarged in other departments the clarifiers re- 
main no more powerful than tbey originally 
were. 

In one of the larger installations of machin- 
ery I* saw a disused set of tanks for the Deming 
System of Clarification, and thought of a trip 
to Louisiana which, when this eystem came out, 
I took si)ecially to see it 

Mr. Hadi's clarification was the best I saw 
in India effected by ordinary methods, and I 
consider the result due quite as much to - the 



HORIZONTAL WOODEN MILL AT JULLUNDUB 



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[Vol. rJili, No. 4 



care taken as to the use of Deula or Sajji. It 
did not, however, eliminate the waste due, to 
scum. On the contrary, dependent as it was 
upon careful removal of all the scum, it clearly 
increased it. 

Evaporation — In most parts this seems to be 
conducted in shallow pans about 7 feet in di- 
ameter and 9 to 10 inches deep. The photo- 
graph will show in the foreground one seen on 
the Nira Canal cultivations. 

The setting of these pans and the fixing up of 
the boiler house, or gurhal, is a very inexpen* 
sive matter. The cons-truction of the furnace 
has been carefully described by Mr. Mollison 
and Professor Knight; As the account of the 
latter is short, I give it as conveying a better 
description than I can attempt: 

**For boiling the juice a suitable place is 
needed where the fire can be conveniently fed. 
A mound some 5 or 6 feet high is raised and 
one side of it is made nearly perpendicular. 
On this perpendicular side are built the fire 
pits and on them are set tlie evaporating pans. 
The* opposite side slopes gradually to the sur- 
rounding level. Over a portion of this sloi>e, 
and at a convenient distance from the fire pits, 
are erected rude shelters for protecting the gui 
while it cools and hardens into blocks. The 
mills may be conveniently located opposite the 
boiling place. 

"The fire pit is so constructed that at the 
top there is left an opening which is a little 
smaller than the bottom of the boiling pan. 
Fuel is fed from an opening near the milling 
yard and generally to the leeward side. At 
right angles to this is dug a deep trench through 
which the cinders are now and then drawn out 
l)y means of a rake from the ash chamber, which 
latter also serves for the draught of air. The 
one great defect in these furnaces is that there 
is no provision for the exit of the smoke, and 
It would be a great improvement if they had a 
chimney." 

The photograph of Martand's mill and boil- 
ing house at Pandara will convey some idea 
of these rough and ready boiling houses. 



Mr. Mollison gives the cost of erecting one of 
them at Rs. 10. Professor Knight gives the 
cost of erecting the shed at Rs. 5, but says 
nothing as to the furnace, and gives another 
Rs. 5 as the cost of oil for the pan and for 
lighting. 

These gurhals are very much alike every- 
where, but the method of finishing the boiling 
differs. 

In Poona and the Southern Mahratta country, 
when the boiling has reached a certain stage 
iwo poles are passed through opposite handles 
of the pan and four men lift it oflf the fire and 
carry it to a small portable cooler into which 
its contents are emptied. The mass is here 
stirred about and when sufficiently cool it is 
transferred to a hole in the ground large 
enough to hold it — about a cubic foot in ca- 
pacity. When about to be filled this hole or 
mould is lined with a coarse cloth. The gul 
quickly sets and is then turned out of the cloth 
in the covered part of the gurhal a lump of 
concrete which would have excited the envy of 
the late Alfred Fryer. 

In the Panjab the boiling pan is not removed 
from the fire, but the firing is eased off or 
stopped while the contents are being trans- 
ferred to a cooler constructed of a couple of 
dozen terra cotta slabs each about 9 or 30 
inches square laid together edge to edge on the 
ground. Here the mass is raked about with a 
sort of wooden hoe until it Can be handled, 
when it is rolled into balls about ^ 1-2 inches in 
diameter which find their way to market. The 
result of leaving the pan on the fire is burnt 
gul (here called gur) everywhere. I spoke to 
more than one of the Raiyates about this, but 
they assured me they had never heard before 
of the. Poona method. I have since learned 
from Professor Knight that arrangements have 
been made to send a few practical sugar boil- 
ers, from Poona to the Panjab and elsewhere 
as demonstrators, but much more sugar will be 
burnt before the improved practice is generally 
adopted. 

This burning of the gur and its otherwise 




KHAN BAHADUR SAIYUD MAHOMED HADl'S DEMONSTRATION STATION AT PANCHLI 



comimratively dirty condition does not seem to 
matter so very much where it is readily 
bought for immediate use, but it will militate 
against the success of prospective refiners in 
this part of the country. 

Some of the gurhals following power mills 
are much larger than those attached to the 
ordinary bullock mill. There was no provision 
on the ones I saw for the escape of 
smoke, nor did I see while I remained there 
any particular need for it, as there seemed to 
be no smoke. 

The battery contrived by Khan Bahadur 
Mahomed Hadi is on a much smaller scale than 
that just mentioned. In appearance and con- 
struction it is not unlike a miniature Fryer's 
Concretor without the hot air drum. It also 
differs from Fryer's Concretor in having the 
fire applied where the juice finishes its course 
instead of where it enters. Some ingenuity has 
bten displayed in splitting up the heat from the 
fire and using part of it for clarification which 
is here, very properly, as far as possible ef- 
fected before concentration in earnest begins. 

The appliances, mounted on a mound of earth 
fixed up for the purpose, and in which the £ues 
and furnaces have been arranged, are a cir- 
cular vessel he terms a reserve tank 3' 9" dis- 
and 1' 10" deep of about 120 gins, capacity ; a 
round tank for a clarifier 5* 10" dia. and 1' 4" 
deep about 100 gins ; a concentrator 5* long, 
3' 3" wide and 10" deep ; an Evaporator 8* 9" 
long, 3* 3" wide and 7" deep divided into seven 
compartments with wooden valves in each for 
checking the onward flow of the liquor under 
treatment. The whole is topped by a roof and 
its outward appearance is indicated by the 
photograph. The cost of the establishment thus 
depicted, including the clarifying and evapor- 
ating vessels, all except the reserve tank being 
of copper, was given to me by Mr. Hadi as 
Rs. 450. This of course included none of the 
mills. 

(To 5e Continued.) 



Items of Interest. 

Elsewhere in our journal apiiears a notice 
concerning the Fisher Distributing Bagasse 
Burners and Fisuer Patented Hollow Blast 
Bars, setting forth the fact that these in- 
ventions are fully protected by patents 
throughout the United States, Porto Rico, 
Mexico and other foreign suigar ^countries, 
and that any infringement of same will be 
vigorously prosecuted by the Ijisher Bagasse 
Furnace Company. The Fisher bars and 
burners have for years been among our most 
excellent mechanical appliances and have done 
splendid work in many Louisiana houses, as 
well as in some foreign countries, and their 
fame has grown until it has now been found 
necessary for the inventor to "warn all con- 
cerned against infringements. 



Personal. 

Mr. Lee J. Foret, of the Lower Lafourche, 
was in New Orleans on Saturuay. lie stopped 
at the Cosmopolitan hotCi. 

Mr. J. A. Pharr, of St. Mary parish, spent 
several days in the city during the past week. 

Mr. Alfred Songy, of Wallace, La., was a 
Thursday guest of the Cosmopolitan hotel. 

Mr. V. Ff. Kyle, a prominent plantation 
manger of Terrebonne parish, was in New Or- 
leans on Wednesday. 

Mr. Janes M. McBride, proprietor of the 
Belle Grove plantation, in the parish of Terre- 
bonne, was registered at the St. Charles hotel 
on Wednesday. 



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6i 



Object Lessons in Irrigation at Spokane 

Fourteen approved methods of irrigating, 
adapted to practically every kind of land and 
the various tree, root and vine crops, will be 
demonstrated on a 15-acre tract in the Spo- 
kane valley within a stone's throw of the 
city limits in connection with the seventeenth 
session of the National Irrigation Ongress 
in Spokane, August 9 to 14. The purpose is 
to afford the delegates to the congress and 
visitors an opportunity to study the best 
known means of supplying moisture by arti- 
ficial means to orchards, berry and sugar beet 
fields, vineyards and hay and grain lands. 
There will also be demonstrations by manu- 
facturers of apparatus used in modern irriga- 
tion. Ten acres of land has been set aside 
for displays of machinery. 

What is considered by experts to be the 
acme of scientific irrigation and at the same 
time the most economical method will be 
shown in the use of porous tile pipe laid under 
the ground. The principal is the antithesis 
of drainage in that the pores and joints of 
the pipes give out sufficient water to supply 
the plant life above them. This plan is de- 
clared to be practicable in supplying moisture 
for fruit trees, vege*-ables, berries and almost 
every kind of product, the advantage being 
that the water carried by the pipes is dis- 
charged directly below the roots of the plants, 
instead of on the surface of the soil. 

In comparison with the foregoing plan 
there will be shown the primitive method, 
practiced by irrigators before it was learned 
hoiw to distribute w»ter economically and 
to the best advantage. No grading or level- 
ing was done on this tract; in fact, in contour 
it is as nature left it. Water is taken to 
the highest point on the land to distribute it 
self over the ground. The idea in this is to 
show waste of water and soil by washing and 
erosion. 

The individual system, also to be demon- 
strated, calls for piping water to every tree. 
To make it effective the water must have a 
head. The pipe, which may be small, is run 
to within three feet of a tree to discharge 
water into a circular ditch or basin built 
around the tree. This method is desirable in 
districts where a small amount of water is 
desired to do a large amount of irrigating. 
There is no lods from evaporation or seepage, 
and only the ground in which the tree grows 
receives the water. The cost of installing this 
system is much larger than for the open 
ditch or flume system, but the difference is 
soon made up on the cost of water, or where 
it is paid for by the acre foot. 

Sui>irrigating by means of open ditchet^ 
will also be shown. The ditches are of such 
depth that the water is absorbed without 
moistening the surface. This metboii is ad- 
vantageous where soil has a tendency to bake 
or become crusted after watering. 

Two tracts will show the practicability of 
watering steep land in open ditches. The in- 
<ilines on one tract are from 30 to 45 degrees. 
The other shows the terrace system, water 
being dropped from one teirace to the other. 
It will be demonstrated that land can be 
irrigated by this plan without washing or 
erosion. 

One form of the corrugation system is an- 
plied to soil where * the land slopes in more 
than one direction, the ditches being made 



to follow the natural contour, which needs 
no grading. Water is supplied through one 
box and the ditches spread out in fan shape 
over the land. 

Another plan of the so-called corrugation 
idea, best adapted to sugar beet, alfalfa and 
grain lands with a gentle slope, shows water 
distribution by means of V-sKaped ditches 
or rills, 2% inches deep and about 18 inches 
apart. The marginal dike or basin system 
of irrigation shows ditches built surrounding 
the tract of varying size running from one 
acre to ten acres in area. To practice this 
method successfully the land must be level 
or have only a gentle slope. Sufficient head 
may be had in the water itself to cause it to 
spread over the ground. 

On another tract is the dike system, which 
follows the natural contour of the land. This 
method is adapted to ground with a slope, but 
is not practical for level land. It is similar 
to the side dike system, but the first cost is 
less and the results not as satisfactory. 

The side dike system is used to best ad- 
vantage on ground with a uniform slope. The 
method is to build dikes 100 feet apart, from, 
eight to twelve inches high, depending upon 
the character of the soil. Water is taken 
from the head ditch and spread in a sheet 
over the areas between the dikes 1 The. sur- 
plus passes into a ditch and is carried to 
the next area. 

The sprinkler plan calls for spray sprink- 
lers arranged between the trees or vegetable 
rows and so placed that they water all of the 
ground. This system can be used only where 
water is supplied under pressure. 

Another system is to distribute water to 
each tree in an open flume. The water is 
supplied from a head ditch. This is similar 
to the piping method to individual trees, but 
is a waste of water, though the cost of in- 
stallation is less. 

C. M. Speck, chairman of the practical 
demonstration committee of the irrigation 
congress, will be assisted in the demonstra- 
tions by H. Delephine, an experienced engi- 
neer, who has charge of the work, and prac- 
tical irrigators and growers from various parts 
of the United States and Canada in explain- 
ing the various methods of watering land to 
obtain the best result at the least cost. 



Beet Sus:ar Industry in Victoria. 

Costly experiments were made years a?o in 
endeavoring to produce beet sugar upon a 
payable bavsis in the State of Victoria, Aus- 
tralia. A splendidly equipped sugar factory 
was erected entailing a large mou.»tary expen- 
diture, but on account of the beet crops not 
receiving proper care, the indxistry collapsed 
and the abandoned mill fell into the hands o* 
the local government. The building and ma- 
chinery have been kept in excellent condi- 
tion and the factory is ready to resume oper- 
ations if the raw material can be procured, 
cured. 

Rectntly the Victorian government engaged 
Dr. Maxwell, of Queensland, who is consid- 
ered to be the greatest authority on sugar 
in Australia, to inspect the factory and report 
upon the advisability of restarting the indus- 
try. Ilis report criticised in strong terms the 
manner in which the industry was managed 
in Victoria before it collapsed. Mr. Max- 
well's report is based upon conservative esti- 



mates: he expresses the opinion that the ex» 
isting factory is capahle of producing 4,000 
tons of refined sugar a season and utilizing 
the beets grown on 2,500 to 3,000 acres un- 
der cultivation. Fie recommends that the 
growing of beets and the manufacture of su- 
gar be revived in this State. 

Based upon the results obtained in othir 
countries, Dr. Maxwell made the following 
statements : 

1. The production of beet and cereal crops 
in rotation have increased the yield in cereals 
by 50 per cent. 

2. The farmer — desirous of always having 
20 acres under beets — would require an area 
of 60 acres for the purpose, as beets can 
only be grown every third year on the same 
land. 

3. The beet crops in the way of pulp would 
provide excellent fodder to dairy herds at a 
time of the year when such food would b6 
exceptionally valuable. — Toronto World, June 
27. 



Sugar Beets and Beet Sugar. 

Though sugar can be extracted from many 
plants, the world's supply of sugar comes at 
present from only two plant species, sugar 
cane and sugar beets, and it comes about equal- 
ly from each. The former is grown only in 
tropical or subtropical climiates, the latter only 
in temperate climates. The great bulk of the 
beet sugar consumed is made in European 
countries, Grermany, Russia, Austria-Hungary 
and France being the leading producers. But 
in recent years the young and rapidly growing 
beet sugar industry of the United States has 
come into prominence. There are novfr sixty- 
four active beet sugar factories in this coun- 
try, located Tn sixteen different States. Last 
year the farmers of these States harvested 
about 365,000 acres of beets, and delivered to 
the factories 3,415,000 tons of beets. From 
these nearly 426,000 tons of refined sugar was 
made. The yield of beets per acre was nine 
and one-third tons, and the yield of sugar per 
acre of beets was 2,334 pounds. One marked 
feature of progress is seen in the improved 
quality of the beets grown. The entire beet 
crop for 1908 averaged 15% per cent of sugar 
in the beets. The factory processes have also 
been improved until the refined sugar pro- 
duced is about fojr-fifths of that contained in 
the beets. The beet pulp, from which tue sugar 
has been extracted, is a valuable stock food, and 
vast quantities of it are fed in the fresh state 
to cattle and sheep. It finds especial favor with 
dairymen. A dozen or more factories have in- 
stalled plants for drying pulp. With this \h 
mixed molasses, the product being put on the 
market as "dried-molasses-beet-pulp." The mo- 
lasses is also extensively used in the manufac- 
ture of alcohol. The prospects for further de- 
velopment of the industry are good. — Brad- 
streets. 



Personal 

Mr. L. A. Blouin, the Lafourche parish su- 
gar planter, was at the Grunewald hotel early 
in the week. 

Mr. Ohas. V. Moore's president of the Louis- 
iana Sugar Planters' Association, has been 
spending a short while in New Orleans. 

Mr. Oscar 2^nor, of Patterson, La., one of 
our most progressive and up to date sugar 
planters, came down to the city on a visit last 
Sunday and stopped at the Hotel Monte- 
leome. 



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THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xliii. No. 4 



Let There Be Need of Light and There 

Will Be Light. 

All the world is seeking light, not necessarily 
intellectual light, but that kind of light of 
which Isaac Newton wrote and of which John 
Tyndall wrote, and as to the origin of which 
we are yet in the dark. Modem man wants 
his buildings well lighted, whether by natural 
light, gas or electricity, and it has remained 
to the modern inventor to bring forward a 
portable, outdoor light, capable of giving as 
brilliant and as much light as any other known 



what is claimed for them. We give herewith an 
illustration of the light, and Messrs. Walter 
MacLeod Co., Cincinati, Ohio, U. S. A., will 
be glad to correspond with anyone anywhere 
concerning the lights. 



mechanism can give at the same cost. Messrs. 
Walter MacLeod & Co., of Cincinnati, U. S. A., 
have for many years been manufacturing the 
Buckeye Light, of capacities reaching up to 
2,000 to 3,000 candle power, the light produced 
with kerosene oil, utilized in a patenf burner 
under given air pressures. There have been 
various lights of this kind used in England and 
in this country in railway construction, sugar 
house yard work, warehouse and steamboat 
work, and in a general way wherever a largo 
amount of light is desired. In fact, wherever 
there is not a local electric light equipment 
these portable lights are absolutely essential 
to secure adequate illumination. Messrs. Wal- 
ter MacLeod & Co. have improved their Buck- 
eye light and now offer the Buckeye Carbide light 
in sizes from 1,000 to 10,000 candle power, and 
especially adapted to the work of sugar factory 
yards. Kerosene oil light has been used for 
many years and its great value thoroughly dem- 
onstrated. The Buckeye Carbide light comes 
now to supercede it, having no moving parts 
nor pumps and requires no attention until burnt 
out, and can be started quickly, unlike oil 
torches that require "several minutes to heat the 
burner. These carbide lights can be started 
instantly and no extensive repairs are neces- 
sary as is the case with oil torches. ICefen*ing 
to this new light, Messrs. Walter MacLeod & 
Co. say that they came to the conclusion that 
a cheaper and less costly light in operating ex- 
penses than their old Buckeye light was needed 
and that they have experimented to bring out 
a simple acetylene torch light and have suc- 
ceeded beyond their own expectations. One 
purchaser bought three, then ordered another 
three and the last order from him was for six 
additional. These lights are guaranteed to do 



Cape Cruz Co.'s Plantation in Cuba< 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

F. Meredith Jones, a Las Vegas man, who 
holds an important and responsible position 
in the timber department of the Santa Fe 
Railway, has written home from Santiago de 
Cuba, where he now is on company business. 
Mr. Jones in giving a most interesting de- 



scription of a sugar plantation on the island 
says: 

"Immediately following the close of the 
Spanish-American war there was organized in 
New York the Cape Cruz Company, for the 
purpose of starting and conducting the sugar 
producing business on the south coast of 
Cuba, in the present province of Oriente. Ac- 
cordingly about the end of 1903 the engines ot 
a great sugar mill were started at what is 
known as Ensenada de Mora, a point on the 
south coast, ninety miles west of Santiago. 
An entirely new location had been selected. 
It was in the virgin forest, on the flat lands 
between the mountains and the sea. The first 
crop was no small affair, but it was very 
much lighter than the sixth, the harvesting 
of which is just now complete. The product 
for this year is 86,000 bags of sugar (14,000 
tons) and 570,000 gallons of molasses. The 
sugar is all graded to 96 degrees polarization. 
It is shipped away in bags as rapidly as pos- 
sible. However, the molasses is retained in 
large takns to be worked over next season, 
when more sugar may be extracted. The re- 
fuse molasses is finally sent off in tank 
steamers and sold at about S% cents a gal- 
lon. 

"The company owns the entire property, 
which is a land grant of something like 50,- 
OOO acres, called a finca. It includes all the 
land between the sea and the crest of the 
mountains for a distance of fifteen miles. 
There are no stores, shops or any kind of 
business except that which is conducted by 
the Sugar Company. Furthermore, there is 
no surrounding country. The sea is on one 
side, while a rough and rugged mountain 
range bounds the other. The labor is brought 
in from other parts. It consists of Americans, 



Cubans and Jamaica negsoes. TheM are 
about fifty skilled Americans, mostly heads 
of departments and foremen, at salaries of 
$200 a month and up. There are about as 
many skilled Cubans, but their position and 
salary is much below that of the Ameri- 
cans. The total number of employes is 800 
during the mill run and 400 during the grow- 
ing season. 

"The common labor, as far as possible, is 
let by task or contract. Even the regular 
weeltiy clean up of the mill is contract work. 
Also the planting, cutting and handling of the 
cane. It is said that a good man earns 
from 2 to ;h^2.50 a day cutting cane. 

"Everything possible is done by machinery. 
A 30-inch gauge railroad extends to all the 
cane fields. A carload of cane is lifted by a 
movable crane and dumped into a conveyor 
leading to the crusher. The cane goes through 
three sets of rollars in succession and thence 
by conveyor and mechanical stoker to the 
steam boilers, where it is used for fuel. The 
mill has a capacity of 1,000 tons of cane a 
day and this has been increased by crowding 
to 1,100 tons. It runs almost continuously 
day and night from November to May. The 
mill men work in six-hour shifts. The sugar 
boilers watch the thermometer and the crys* 
tallization and draw a salary of $416 a 
month, gold. 

"In connection with the mill there is a 
double system of waterworks, fresh and salt 
water; a double light plant, gas and elec- 
tricity; ice plant, and a large and well regu- 
lated machine and general repair shop. An- 
other thing connected with this enterprise is 
the store department. The sales durins the 
milling season run from $600 to $1,(X)0 a 
day. For the year just closing the store 
shows a net profit of $70,000. The clean 
profit of the entire enterprise, including the 
store, is $360,000, equal to 4 per cent on a 
capital of $9,000,000. The entire expendi- 
ture is said to have been less than $2,000,000. 
Five thousand four hundred acres are now 
planted in cane, and 600 acres ad^ed each 
year. Clearing costs about $25 an acre. 

"The products of the clearings are used as 
fuel to supplement the can^ refuse under 
the mill boilers. Also to fumiah ties and 
other timber for the railroad. The employes 
are treated well and seem tolje perfectly 
satisfied. The men are paid in cash weekly, 
if they wish to draw it, and although the 
profits of the store are very large, the goods 
are not unreasonably high. The American em- 
ployes mostly go to the States for a few 
months while the mill is shut down during 
^he summer. 

"A sewer system is connected with the mill 
and village. Also a hospital with an at- 
tending physician. So far not much use haa 
been made of the nospital. The climate 
seems both pleasant and healthful. Ensenada 
de Mora is the only port and postoffice be- 
tween Santiago and ManzaniHo, a distance of 
about 150 miles. A coast line steamer 
makes a trip each way once a week. 

Baker. 



Personal. 

Mr. P. S. Morris, of Philadelphia, was in 
the city during the past week and subsequently 
spent a few days in the sugar district, his trip 
being in the interest of the Morris Engineer- 
ing Company, whose centrifugal machines are 
so widely and favorably known. 

Mr. Frank S. Warmoth, of the Magnolia 
plantation, on the lower coast, was in New Or- 
leans during the early part of the week. He 
stopped at the St. Charles hotel. 

Mr. H. S. Burrowes, of Cinclare, La., was 
in the city on Monday. He stopped at the St. 
Charles hotel. 

Mr. Oscar Daspit, a prominent sugar planter 
of Breaux Bridge, La., was in New Orleans a 
few days ago. 

Dr. W. R. Dodson, the distinguished direc- 
tor of the State Experiment Stations, was at 
the St. Charles hotel on Monday last. 

Mr. J. Gordon Marsh, prominently and wide- 
ly known in machinery and lumber circles, spent 
a few days in the city during the past week. 
Mr. Marsh was in business here for several 
years, but is now a member of a large lumber 
corporation in Chicago. 



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THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



63 



Jqly 23d, 

SUGAR. 

Clarifibd— 

W^ Teat 

Plantation Granulated 

Choiee White 

Off White 

Choice Yellow 

Prime Yellow 

OflYellow 

Seconds 

Open Kettle Centrifugal 
Old Process Open Kettle, 

MOLASSES. 

3pbn Kettle Centrifugal 
3ld Process Open Kettle- 
Centrifugal 

CANE SYRUP. 



WEEKLY MARKET REPORT. 



1909. 



July 17 



- @892 

44i|4^ 

4>4(ft4Tj(f 

4 suAj^ 

a%<a4 

Nominal 



Nominal 
- @ 
None 

None 



July 19 



— @392 
4 (g4>t 

a7i(fe4 
Nominal 



Nominal 
None 
None 



July 2U 



- ^3 95 

- {& — 

4M^4A 

4A(ft4A 
4 (3^h 

Nominal 

- (g - 



Nominal 

- ^ - 

None 

None 



July 21 



- (g395 

4>i(g4A 
4A(ft4A- 
4 fe4>6 
;j%(«4 

Nominal 



Nominal 

- @ - 

None 

None 



July 22 



- (g395 

- (B - 

4M@*A 
4 Acs 4 A 

4 @4>^ 
3Ji(g4 

Nominal 
~ (8 - 

Nominal 

- @ - 
None 

None 



July 23 



$•■• Dty Lttt Viar 



- @395 

~ {& — 

4Hfl4>ft 

4)^S4A 
4A@4A 
4 (&^H 

3%(a4 

2%@3% 

Nominal 

- (^ - 

Nominal 

- @ - 
None 

None 



- @4>i 

- (9 - 

- @ - 

- @ 

4ii@ - 
4A^m 

4V4@4>^ 
2?^@4H 

4 @4H 
-^ @ - 

None 

- @ - 
Nominal 

None 



Tom of Mariwt il 
Cloto of Wook. 



Qniet. 



Noir.inal. 



Nomina). 



OTMIfR IVIA.RKBTS. 



New York: 

Centrifugale. 96® 

KuBcoyado, 89° 

Kolasses Sugars, 89° 

Qranulated 

Standard A 

London : 

Java, No. 15 D. 8 ... 

A. and G. Beet 

Cubes 

XXXX Powdered 

Standard Powdered 

Fruit Powdered 

Coarse Powdered 

Standard Fine Qranulated. 
Standard Fine Qranulated 

iAlOO-lb.oackoinbf|lk 

Confectioners Candy A . . . . 



- @3 92 

- @ 

- @ 

- ^4 75 

- @4 60 



11a. 3d. 
IUb. 5>^d 



~ @3 92 



^4 75 
@4 60 



lis. 3i. 
lOs. 5>id. 



^3 95 

@ - 
® - 
(^4 75 
@4 60 



lis. 3a. 
lOs. 5>^d. 



- @3 95 

- ^ - 

- @ - 

- @4 75 

- @4 60 



lis. 3d. 
lOs. 5;4d. 



~ @3 95 



@4 75 
^4 60 



lis. 
iOs. 



3d. 
6i. 



@3 95 
@ - 
@ - 
%i 75 
@4 60 



Us. 
IOs. 



3d. 
6d. 



- ^4 27 

- @ ~ 

- @ - 

- (ff5 30 

- @5 15 



i2s. 3d. 
IOs. lO^d. 



Raws — Jo&t • 
shade firmer. 
Buj ers ghow- 
iDg more ixk- 
terest. 

Kkfinbd— 
Quiet. 



Camx> Quiet 
and steady. 

BXKT- Quiet. 
lltUe d^g. 



INBW ORL.eA.INS REFflNESD. 



— @5 05 

— @4 95 

— (^4 90 

— ^4 90 

— @4 90 
-> ^4 80 

— @4 80 
~ ^4 8J 



@5 05 
@4 95 
^4 90 
(^4 90 
@4 90 
(^4 8J 


@4 80 
@4 80 



— @5 05 

— (^4 95 
@4 90 

— ^4 90 

— (^4 90 

— (g4 80 

— @4 80 

— (§4 80 



— @5 05 

— @4 95 

— @4 90 

— @4 90 

— @4 90 

— @4 80 

— @4 80 
- @4 80 



- ^^ 05 
~ (^4 95 

- ©4 90 

- @4 90 

- @4 90 

- @4 80 

- ®4 80 

- (14 80 



- @5 15 

- @5 05 
~ @5 00 

- ®5 00 

- ^5 00 

- fe4 90 


- @4 90 

- @4 90 



— (85 60 

— @5 50 

— @5 45 

— @5 45 

— <i5 45 

— (§5 35 

— @5 35 

— @5 35 



Heavy de- 
mand. 



STOCKS. 

At four ports in the United States to July 14, 1909 £}73,825 Tons 

At four perts of Great Britain to July 1,1909 111,000 •• 

At Cuba, six ports to July 13, 1909 168,000 '^ 



Receipt* and Sale* at New Oria 



ne, for the week endliis July 23, 
-8\jgar • 



Hhds. 



fleoeired . 
gold 



Barrels. 
10,350 
11,750 



1909 
Molaaaaa 

Barrels. 

3,843 

3,843 



Receipt* and eiiee at New OHeans frwn Sept. 1. 1908. te July 23. 1909. 

'-—— — S\igiMr --> Molaaa^*- 

Hhds. Barrels. Barrel r 

Recelred - 1,731,451 272,640 

Sold - 1,689,159 272,240 

Reoeired same time last year .... — 1 ,859,086 259,771 



RICE. 

ROUGH, per bbl. 
Honduras 



Japan 



CLEAN, per lb. 
Honduras: 

Head 

Straights... 
Screenings . 
No. 2 



Japan: 

Head 

Straights.. 
Screenings 
No. 2 



July 17 



Nominal 
Nominal 



4 

3 @4 

2 @2^ 



2h®^h 
- @ 
2 @2K 



Bran, per ton 22 00@ ~ 

PouBH, per ton. •♦• I 27 00@28 00 



July 19 



Nominal 
Nominal 



4 @6K 
3 @4 
2 ®2^ 

- @2 

2H®^H 

- @ - 
2 ®2H 

- @2 

22 0@ - 
27 00(8)28 00 



July 20 



Nominal 
Nominal 



4 ^^H 
3 @4 
2 @2^ 
- @ 2 



2h@^h 

- @ - 
2 @2H 

- @2 

22 00@ - 
27 00@28 00 



July 21 



Nominal 
Nomihal 



4 @6>i 
3 @4 
2 @2}i 

- @2 

2H@m 

- @ - 
2 @2^ 

- @2 

22 00@ — 
27 00@28 00 



July 22 



Nominal 
Nominal 



4 @6>i 
3 @4 
2 (§2^ 
- «2 



2h®^h 

- @ - 
2 @2}i 

- @2 

22 00® — 
27 00@28 00 



July 23 



Nominal 
No'minal 



4 @6>i 

3 @4 

2 ®2}i 

2 @ - 



3 @BX 
- @ - 
2 ®2^ 
2 @ - 

22 00@ — 
27 00@28 00 



Same Day 
Last Year 



3 60@4 60 
2 75@4 25 



4«^6?i 
3Ji@4^ 
3>^@3>i 
2)4@2% 

3>^@4Ji 
- @ - 
3 ^3)^ 
2Ji(82^ 

17 50@21 50 
26 50@29 CO 



Tone of Market 
at close of week 



Hondura*- 
Nominal. 



Japan— 
KominaL 



Hondnrai 
Steady. 



Japan Stead jr. 



ftMAIPtMtline liEtr this week 

fteoAlpte thus far fchie leason 

aeoelpts dnriuE same time lait year. . 



R.eoalpta ^nd SaLlas ak.t New Orlaana, 

BaeksRoufrh. Poekets of Clean. 

74 2,157 
.... 1.260,457 869,262 
1.181,808 670.949 



Saoks Rough. PtMtketeof c^e^iD 

Sales thufl thla Week (Inoluding mlllen' reoelpU). 66 2 US 

Sale* thus far this Season, 1,195,002 1032.129 

Salen during same time JjASt Tear . ■ 1,108,089 1106.960 



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64 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol xUll, No. 4 



WANTS 



W« win publish In this colnmn free of charge 
-until further notice, the applications of all man- 
agers, overseers, chemists, sofar-makers and oth- 
ers who may be seeking positions, and also the 
wants of planters and sugar manufacturers de- 
siring to employ any of these. 

These adyertlsements will be Inserted until 
they are pushed out at the bottom of the column 
by the Influx of new adyertlsements at the top. 
Anj advertiser may have his advertisement re- 
inserted anew, however, If he will write it out 
again and send it In to us. 

We cannot undertake to forward by mall replies 
to the advertisements In this column, even though 
postage be supplied, and, to secure publication In 
the issue of the succeeding Saturday, they must 
reach us not later than Thursday morning of 
each week. 



HELP WANTED. 



WANTED thoroughly competent plantation 
manager for large established sugar plantation in 
Mexico. State age, experience, qualiflcations and 
salary expected. Give references. Address 
•"Mbx,*' in care of this paper. 7-19-09 

A couple to take charge of a boarding house. 
Prefer couple where man can attend to a small 

farden and cows aud woman run boarding house, 
'or particulars address P. O. Box P, Eagle Lake. 
Texas. 7-10-09 



POSITION as filrst overseer or manager on a 
sugar plantation by married man 80 years of age, 
with experience in both field and factory. Can 
furnish good references. Address Chas. H. 
Hinckley, Houma, La. 7-20-09 



CHEMIST, graduate, with seven years* experi- 
ence, desires position in cane sugar house. Best 
references. John Malowan, Corcoran, Calif. 

7-21-09 

A position as second overseer on cane planta- 
tion. Can furnish 100 colored farm hands for 
grinding season. Address C. G. Moboan^ Mont- 
pel ler, La. 7-19-09 



WANTED by experienced plantation bookkeeper 
and oflBce roan. Just out of employment, a respon- 
sible position with suaar planting firm. The more 
work the better. References to prominent plant- 
ers. Bond If required. Address A. B. Simmons, 
Chamberltn, La. 7-19-09 

AS sugar boiler and clarlfier. First-class recom- 
mendations If wanted. Address W. G. Hatch, 
Houma. La. 7-19-09 



WANTED two assistant sugar boilers. Ad- 
dress Thos. C. Gltmn, Chamberlain, La. 

7-14-09. 



ONE assistant engineer, one clarlfier man, one 
head centrifugal man, who can bring four good 
centrifugal men with him. Address Laftbttb 
SuGAB Ref. Co., Lafayette, La. 7-7-09 

TWO sugar boilers for Cuba. Apply with ref- 
.erence. L. J. S. 2829 Bell St., New Orleans. La. 

6-80-09 



WANTED Sugar house engineer for 500 tons 
factory In Porto Rico, to make repairs and al- 
terations, and take off crop. Apply stating age, 
experience, references and salary expectations. 
Knowledge of Spanish desirable, but not essen- 
tial. Some knowledge of draughting is also de- 
sirable. Must be available about Sept. 1. Apply 
to Post Office Box No. 1 — Patlllas, Porto Rico. 

6-80-09. 



ONE competent chemist with cane experienoe. 
Most thoroughly underetand chemical control. Three 
assistant chemists. Wanted for the c »m1ng Louisi- 
ana crop. F. P. Bre9BM\n, 7629 St. CliarTes Ave., 
New O rleans. 6-25-08 . 



CHEMIST, for Mexico. Applicants please state 
college training and practical experience. Also sal- 
ary expected. Must report Dec. 1st. Address Qui l- 
LKR, care of The Louisiana Planter. 0-17-0» 



AS assistant chemist or In any other position 
where knowledge of sugar chemistry may be per- 
fected. Have had one year's experience as assist- 
ant chemist In sugar laboratory. Well educated. 
Hard worker. Best references. P. O. Box No. 
114, West Point, Miss. 7-19-09 



BT a country man, who worked part of 
his life on sugar plantation, and familiar with 
the following position and capable of filling 
same, store-keeper, clerk, time-keeper cane and 
sugar weigher. Speak French, of no objection- 
able habit; I am 30 years old and married. 
Would be willing to commence at living wages 
with promotion after. My abilities are known. 
Adrees C. F. Duffel, No. 4410 Magaaine St., 
New Orleans, La. 7-14-09. 



WANTED jposltion in public school In countir, 
or to teach English. French and Music in private 
family. AdTlress Mbs. Zob Wabrbn Pobteb. Tn- 
lane University, New Orleans, La., W. S. P. O., 
Station 20 7-5-09 



BY a first class carpenter. Strictly sober ; 
man of family ; wants a position on plantation ; 
wages no object: twelve years on plantation as 
carpenter; sugar dryer on any machine; water 
tender; or assistant engineer. Age 85 years. 
R. Alonso, care Vacherie Cypress Co., St Patrick. 
La^ 7 3-09 

BY a practical sugar and svmp maker wttb 
thorough Knowledge of clarification. Best of ref- 
erences furnished. Address A. R., 913 Louisa St., 
New Orleans. La. 7-8-09 



A Sugar Boiler of 17 years' experience would 
like to get position In Cuba, Santo Domingo, 
Porto Rico or Mexico, as pan man. Understands 
thoroughly boiling raw sugars and boiling back 
low purity goods for crystallzers. etc, so as to 

fet results and leave low purity final molasses. 
Tp-to-iate mnn. Best references furnished. Ad- 
dress Sugar Cook, Box 353, DonaldsonvIUe. La. 

7-17-09 



CHEMIST, six years* experience, wants posi- 
tion In tropics. Fair knowledge of Spanish; can 
furnish best of references. Address **Chbmi8t," 
No. 1311 St. Mary St., New Orleans. La 

7-15-09. 



CHEMIST, three years* experience, thorough 
understanding <of chemical control, open for 
engagement for coming season, willing to go any- 
where. References furnished. AOdress Chemist, 
3526 Laurel St.. New Orleans, La. 7-15-09. 



CHEMIST and sugar house superintendent with 
17 years of practical experience In Louisiana 
and Cuba, is open for a position for the coming 
season In Louisiana, Cuba lor Porto Rico. Speaks 
Spanish. Best of references. Address B. Hoff, 
P. ^. Box na. New Orleans. 7-15-09. 



ERECTING engineers for Pratt Imi>erial sugar 
mill machinery ; must be capable machlnlsta with 
experience both In shops and In the field. Ad- 
dress with references Pbatt Ej^oineebing ft Ma- 
chine Co., Atanta, Ga. 6-9-09 



A MAN to sell sugar-house paints and mill sup- 
plies. Must have acquaintance and experience. Ad- 
dress Patkts. care of the Louisiana Plakntbb, 
889 Carondelet St, New Orleans. 6-6-09 



SUGAR BOILER for coming season. Plant two 
million capacity. References especially as to qual- 
ity of sugar and extraction. Thorough knowledge 
of clarification. Address P. O. Box 146. Whlte- 
«astle. La. 5-4-09 



SITUATION WANTED. 



POSITION as assistant engineer at a small 
sugar house In Ix)\ilslnna, or as water tender. 
Frank Atwood, 822 First St., New Orleans. 

7-22-09 



POSITION as chief engineer on some sugar 
plantation. Reliable, sober man. 25 years* 
experieuce and best recommendations. Address 
L. T. HEBEBr, Dorceyvllle P. O., La. 7-14-09. 



FOREIGN traveling salesman. 81 years old, 
experienced, honest and Industrious : thoroughly 
acquainted with the languages and customs of 
the Spanish-American and European countries 
Is open for engagement. Address A. B. care 
Spanish Consulate. New Orleans. 7-14-09. 



A Chemist, graduate, with 9 years experience 
as chief chemist in United States and Tropics, 
wants position as chemist or assistant in cane 
or beet sugar factory in the United States or 
other country. Speaks Spanish. Best references. 
Address Chemist, 3844 N. Carlisle St, PhlladeN 
phia, Pa. 7-1-09 



CHEMIST of experience in Cuba and Louisiana 
desires position In Cuba or Porto Rico for coming 
sesson. References furnished. Address 1611 
Ursulines Street, New Orleans. 7-9-09 



A SUGAR boiler of i&any years* experience in 
Bohemia, Michigan, and Cuba Is open for engage- 
ment for coming tropical season. Best of references 
furnished. Address 1611 Ursulines street. New 
Orleans. 7-7-09 



AN experienced chemist and sugar boiler is 
open for an engagement In tropics. Has had ex- 
perience with Demlng System of clarification and 
crystalllsers. Best of references. Address Chbh- 
1ST, 2227 Chestnut street. New Orleans, La. 7-7-09 



POSITION wanted by first class double effect 
man. Can furnish best of references. Address P. 
L. P., Box 59, Houma, La. 7-7-09 



WANTED — Position as ofllce or store manager, 
cashier or time keeper ; city or plantation in any 
country. Married man ; thoroughly famllilar with 
every office Oetall and systematlsing office work. 
Held highly responsible offices for years; consid- 
erable experience on sugar estates In Hawaii and 
Cuba ; Just now finishing special auditing ac- 
counts of large palntatlon In Mexico. Accepts 
moderate salary if quick Increase follows. Sat- 
isfaction given. Address E. J. S., P. O. Box 
1604, Boston, Mass 7-7-09 



WANTED by a good sugar house engineer 
a position ns chief or first assistant, either In 
Mexico. Cuba or Porto Rico. Address A. D. 
1622 Erato St.. New Orleans. La. 7-14 09. 



BY honest, ambitious and well recommended 
young mnn, very willing to work, desires posi 
tlon as assistant book-keeper on sugar planta- 
tion, or office assistant by wholesale houses 
In the city. Fine at figures and very good 
with pen. Speaks French and English. Do 
not use liquor or tobacco. Salary no object. 
Please give me a trial. Reference furnished. 
Address Geo. A. Toups, Rnceland. La.. 

714-09. 



CHEMIST, with university training and three 
years' practical experlonce. Is open for engage- 
ment for coming season, Louisiana or tropics. 
Address, Chemist, care of R. E. Perez, Jesuits 
P,end, La. 7-22-00 



POSITION as plantation blacksmith or wheel- 
wright. IlENiiY Fell, Plaquemlne, La. 7-22-09 



GERMAN, university graduate and chemist, 
with several years' experience In cane sugar mills 
in Java, FIJI and Australia, and thorough knowl- 
edge in chemical mill control, desires position as 
first or assistant chemist In Cuban or Mexican 
sugar mill for coming season. At present em- 
ployed as chemist In American beet sugar factory. 
Al references. Obokoe Zi.nkernaobl, Corcoran. 
-Calif. 7-22-00 



POSITION wanted for the coming season 
either in Cuba. Porto Rico or Mexico by a 
competent sugar maker thoroughly famlllai 
with clarlflcutlon. cryRtallzatlon. etc. : have had 
experience In the tropics. Speak Spanish for 
working ppurpose : temperate habits and refer- 
ence furnished. Address Squabb, l.'ilO San- 
vage St. New Orleans, La. 7-14-09. 



CHEMIST — rj*»rman college graduate, with 
four years' domestic, foreign and tropical ex- 
perience : at present, chief chemist for one 
of the largest sugar companies on the coast. 
Desires position as chief chem'st by October 1, 
1909. Prefers position In South. Central 
America or Mexico, only perms nent positions 
considered, give further details by corres- 
pondence. Al references. Address Sofia, care 
of Louisiana Planter. i.«14-09. 



POSITION wanted for the coming campaign sea- 
son in Cuba, Porto Rico, of the Hawaiian islands 
by an able and thoroughly competent sugar maker, 
with 16 years practical experience in some of the 
largest modern sugar factories in Louisiana, Mex- 
ico, and Tropical countries. I am thoroughly fa- 
miliar with the handling of crystalllzers of all 
types, and am an expert on clariflcatllon ofjjulces 
for any grade of sugar. I speak Spanish, French 
and English. Strictly sober and reliable. Can 
furnish best of references. Address Suoab Eix- 
PEBT. 156 North Main St., Asheville, North 
Carolina. 7-6-09 



WANTED a position as sugar boiler or chief 
engineer In Porto Rico, Cuba, Mexico, or Central 
.\merlca. References A.l. Address Sugab Boilbb. 
1721 Euterpe street, New Orleans, La. 7-6-09 



PLACE as cooper, making sugar barrels. P. M. 
Settoast, 726 St. Peter St., New Orleans, 7-8-09 



POSITION by a first class sugar maker, one 
who has had charge of one of the largest houses 
In the state for the last 16 years. References. 
Address 1244 Annunciation street. New Orleans, 
La. 7-6-09 

POSITION by a young married man as book- 
keeper, assistant bookkeeper, clerk in plantation 
store, grocery store, commissary or time clerk at 
saw mill. Fine In figures and very good with 
pen. I do not drink Intoxicating liquors. Grad- 
uate In bookkeeping In Goodyear-Marshall systenL 
Win go anywhere. Salary no object. Address 
Hiram LaRue, Lovelady, Texas. 7-2-09 

AN experienced cane factory superintendent 
and chief sugar t>oIler with 22 vears experience, 
from a laboratory bov up, desires to contract 
with some large tropical sugar manufacturing com* 
pany as superintendent or chief sngar maker. 
Thoroughly understands working low grade su- 
gars and obtain good results. Best references. 
Address P. O. Box 163. Hamilton City, Califor-' 
nla. 7-1-09 



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The Louisiana Planter 

and Sugar Manufacturer 

A Weekly Newspaper Devoted to the Su£:ar, Rice and Other Agricultural Industries of Louisiana 



Vol. XXXXIII. 



NEW ORLEANS, JULY 31, 1909. 



No. 6. 



The Louisiana Planter 

— AND— 

Sugar Manufacturer 

OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THB 

Lquibiaka Sugab Piamtbrs' Association, 
AicsBiCAn Cane Gaowns' Association, 
Ascension Branch Sugab Plantubs' Association, 
Louisiana Sugab Chbmists' Association, 
Kansas Sugab Obowbbs' association, 
Texas Sugab Plantebs' Association, 
Intebstate Cane Gbowebs' Association, 
The Assumption Agbicultubal and Industbial 
Association. 



PttblUhed at New Oriesns, La., every Sstnrday Momliic 

BT THB 

LOUISUNA PLANTER AND SUGAR 

MANUFACTURER CO. 

Deroted to Lonislana Anictiltnre In general, and 

to the Sugar Industry in particular, and in all 

tt6 branches. Agricultural, Mechanical, 

Chemical, Political and Commercial. 



■ditobial cobps. 
W. C. 8TUBBS, Ph. D. W. J. THOMPSON. 

W.W.PUGH. . JOHNDYMOND. 



Entered at the PostofHce at New Orleans as 
second-class mall matter, July 7, 1888. 

PBB ANNUM 

Terms of Subscription (including postage) . . .|S.OO 
Foreign Subscription 4.00 

ADVERTISING RATES. 



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All communications should be addressed to The 
Louisiana 1*la.\teb, 339 Carondelet street. New 
Orleans, La. 



LIST OF ORGANIZERS. 



McCall Bbothebs, 
McCall & Legbndbv, 
Leun Godchadx, 
Jamrs Tbllrb, 
B. Lbmann & Bbo., 
Leokck Suxiat, 
Louis ni;8ii, 

W. B. BUICKELL, 

W. C. Stubbs, 
John Dymund, 
Daniel Thompson, 
Fous & Uaknett, 
H. C. Waumoth, 
Lucius F«.R8rrH, Jb., 
Bdwarh J. Gay, 
SiiATTurK & Hoffman, 
Bmile Host, 
Tlto^lAS I>. MlLLEB, 

Schmidt & Zibgleb, 
T. G. McLaubt, 
L. S. Clark, 
J. B. Lbtebt, 
SlMI'SON Uubnok, 
W. B. Bloomfieiw, 
W. W. Sutcliffe, 
John S. Moore, 
Jamkr C. Murpht, 
Jos. Webbb, 



B. Beltran, 
lucien soniat, 

D. R. Caij)kb, 
L. A. ELI.IS, 
Hero & Malhiot, 
W. J. Brhan, 

J. T. MouuH, Jr., 
Edwards & IIaubtman, 
John A. Morris, 

E. H. Cunningham, 

R. VlTERBO, 

H. C. Minor, 

C. M. Sobia, 
J. L. Harris, 
j. h. murpiit, 
Andrew Price, 
E. & J. KuCK, 
Wm. Garig, 
AdoU'H Meyeb, 
A. A. Woods, 
Bradish Johnson, 
George P. Andbbton, 
A. L. Monnot, 
Richard Millikjw. 

W. P. MiLRR, 
LBZIN a. BECNBU r 

J N. Pharr, 
Jules J. Jacob. 



The Cane Crop. 

Weather suited in every respect to the 
promotion of the growth of the cane lias 
prevailed throughout the Louisiana sugar 
district during the past w.eek. The temper- 
ature has been comparatively high and 
there have been frequent showers, all of 
which is pushing the crop ahead rapidly. 
In those few instances where the work of 
laying by has not been completed the al- 
most daily rainfalls are of course unwel- 
come and have rendered it impossible to 
finish working the crop, but practically all 
of the cane was successfully laid by early 
in the month and now it has been left to its 
own devices and seems to be moving along 
in an encouraging way generally. 



which was 1,427,073 long tons. Of course, 
there is some doubt about this final es- 
timate. 



Some Cuban Data. 

The Havana Post, in its issues of July 
l^h. and 19th., gives some data concerning 
Cuban sugar production that are quite inter- 
esting. At Ohaparra, Gen Mario (Menocal, 
general manager, has announced that he ex- 
pects to close the grinding season by the 
end of July with an output of 475,000 "bags, 
or 67,857 long tons of sugar, which is the 
largest output ever secured by any single 
sugar factory in the world. Chaparra has 
already made 440,000 bags, part of which 
has been shipped. The various cane grow- 
ers, colonos, and others have all been aible 
to grind their product and the general situ- 
ation seems very satisfactory. 

In Cuba, after the grinding season is over 
and a general shut down comes, hitherto 
there has been little or no work for the la- 
fborers to do and they all get scattered. In 
these new, great factories, there is so much 
new work to ibe done In the way of clearing 
lands and preparing for the crop of 1910, 
&c., that it is said that at Chaparra the 
hands will all have full employment. 

The Post reports that throughout the is- 
land the conditions have ^en highly favor- 
able for the sugar factory throughout the 
season. There has ibeen no lack of labor as 
in other years, and the rains have been 
just sufficient to make the cane grow to the 
right proportion and to contain the standard 
of sucrose which counts for final production. 
'Notwithstanding the unexpectedly large out- 
put had thus far, prices have ruled com- 
paratively high and the sugar factory people 
feel very much encouraged. The harvest Is 
not entirely completed until November 1st., 
ibut it is now stated that possibly the' crop 
of the present year may exceed that of 1907, 



Domestic Beet Sus:ar. 

•Elsewhere in this issue yv^l^ >^ found an 
excellent article by Prof. Jesse H. Buffum 
' on "Beet Sugar jBy States.*' It gives a very 
compact and interesting recital of the situa- 
I tion of the beet sugar industry in the vari- 
ous states. 

As the beet sugar industry Is carried on 
it has to >be looked at in its most prominent 
manifestations which lie in the great sugar 
factories erected to handle the beets. The 
effect of the industry in any given communi- 
ty in the way of increased revenues to the 
owners of the lands are not so conspicuous 
as such matters have been in the South and 
particularly in Louisiana, and especially un- 
der the old regime, under which the factory 
owner, land owner, the agriculturist and 
the manufacturer were all the same person. 

It has seemed to us that the beet sugar 
industry of the wesetm mountain states 
and of the Pacific Coast was in an experi- 
mental condition so long as such strenuous 
efforts as now have to be made to secure 
people from elsewhere for -weeding the ibeets 
and for harvesting them. That agriculture 
is the most symmetrical that gives practi- 
cally constant employment to the people of 
the community. The fbeet industry in the 
West has now assumed such enormous pro- 
portions and has <become such a great na- 
tional industry, outstripping the dpmestic 
cane sugar industry, that we are compelled 
to look upon it with great interest, and we 
earnestly hope that it will be a continued 
success. 



Mineral Butter 

News now comes that the 'Standard Oil 
»Co. has discovered a way of making butter 
out of the residual matter in coal oil manu- 
facture. FahUberg long ago discovered how 
to make sugar, or what some people take 
for sugar, as it is very largely used for 
sweetening soda water syrups, ibeer, wines. 
&c., that is saccharine, a coal oil product 
four hundred times sweeter than sugar. If 
now all of the paraffine or asphalt tmses of 
coal oil can be converted into (butter, we 
shall soon he realizing Berthelot's famous 
idea of taking our food in tablets, the same 
prepared chemically and so concentrated 
that no dilution was necessary but that of 
•water and when taken in that way the indi- 



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vidual ^ouM secure all of the elements of 
nutrition contained in the very ibest foods. 
The trou.ble with the coal oil business is 
that Fahlberg's saccharine is not sugar at 
all, Ibut a coal oil product that, while not 
as poisonous as sugar of lead, excels the 
sugar of lead in its sweetness and because 
not directly poisonous is not yet prohibited 
in this country, although prohibited in 
France, where they are somewhat more par- 
tioular in food matters than we are here. 

Now, as to what we shall do about the new 
butter, we are scarcely prepared to speak 
and presume that the mechanical and chemi- 
cal geniuses who preside over the destinies 
of the Standard Oil Co. will solve the whole 
problem in due time. We would suggest, 
however, for their consideration that white 
corn meal be taken as the neutral hase, or 
to save the cost of coloring matter, let the 
corn meal be yellow. It should he ground 
of course very fine, in fact to an Impalpable 
powder, and then mixed with the coal oil 
residum, B. S., which, after its proper re- 
fining would give a (butter say composed of 
one-half corn meal and one-naif asphalt, 
which, with the necessary coloring (If white 
com meal toe used and flavoring would beat 
the (boots off oleomargarine. We are In 
some trouble in the way of suggesting a 
name for this new product, as "hutterine" 
and allied names are now all taken up by 
the cotton seed oil men. As /butter is sold 
very largely in bricks, we would suggest 
that this ibutter being a mineral product, -be 
turned out in 'bricks and advertised under 
the head of Butter, with the sub-title of 
Rockefeller's Gold Bricks. Such torloks are 
much sought after and agriculture will ibe 
benefited (by the increased demand for com 
meal, while Rockefeller would be ^benefited 
by the use of a comparatively worthless by- 
product and as for the consumer — well, we 
are not in the habit of considering him. 



The Passing: of the Bourbon Cane. 

During the twenty years that have inter- 
vened since Messra. Harrison and Bo veil 
brought out in Bar!bados actual seedling 
canes, propagated them successfully and in- 
troduced them to the world at large, very 
high exi>ectaftions have been created as to 
what mi^t be secured (by continuous effort 
In this direction and the selection of some 
seedling which, by apparent chance, might 
have a far higher sucrose content than other 
varieties. 

IHere, in Louisiana, there has 'been quite 
an effort made by our sugar planters to avail 
of these better seedling canes and especially 
of Demerara No. 74, commonly known as 
D. 74. The movement in this direction was 
so strong that the old fashioned 'Bounbon 
cane, that had (been the pride of the West 
Indies, seemed to ibe there passing out of 
use almost entirely and "The passing of the 
Bourt>on cane" (became a frequent expression 
and we were led to wonder what might come 
next, (be it (better or worse. The occasional 
disappolntmentti experienced In some of the 



seedlings and the fact that there was an ap- 
parent lacking of permanence In the type or 
a special seedling experimented with, have 
gradually created more or less skepticism 
and recently regrets have been expressed In 
the West Indies .because of the passing of the 
Bourbon cane. This has led Mr. J, R. Bo- 
vell, who was In charge of the original Bar- 
badian experiments, made some twenty 
years ago, to make a careful analysis of the 
results of the adoption of seedlings in iBar- 
bados and he says that the regrets express- 
ed for the good old Bounbon cane are ill 
founded and that the facts in the case are 
that In a series of experiments made from 
1898 to 1907, inclusive, it was found that in 
all the essentials that constitute a good, re- 
liaJble cane, the Bourbon was deficient, com- 
pared with other varieties. In the num-ber 
of tons of cane per acre, the coefladent of 
purity, the glucose ratio and in the propor- 
tion of sucrose In the juice per acre the 
Bourdon falls seriously 'behind its competi- 
tors, while showing a large percentage of 
rotten cane. It was found, further, that 
under the reign of the Bourtoon cane for the 
thirty-five years prior to its practical elimin- 
ation, the annual average sugar crop of 
Barbados was 46,515 tons and for the 
twelve years from 1897 to 1908, when White 
Transparent and some of the seedling va- 
rieties were under consideration, the sugar 
crop averaged 4<),961 tons annually, or 446 
tons more than the average for the thirty- 
five years, dUTlng which the culiure of Bour- 
bon alone prevailed. 

The whole subject seems to have been very 
carefully studied and the resulting opinion 
expressed is that we have every reason to 
congratulate ourselves and the cane growing 
world on the fact that by a careful observa- 
tion we are securing ibetter sugar canes than 
have ever been had In the industry before. 



Creole Rice in British Quiana. 

It is one of the conspicuous phenomena of 
modern agriculture that is seen now In Brit- 
ish Guiana, where quite a fraction of the 
population is engaged in rice culture, a cul- 
ture that .had taken no Industrial shape 
whatever twenty-five years ago. The inden- 
tured coolies from Hlndostan, whose time 
had expired, in many cases remained upon 
the sugar plantations, where they had been 
employed. Others moved to villages and 
quite a number were inclined to go into rice 
culture when they found a possible opening. 
The (building of rice mills in British Guiana 
has enabled these parties to find a market 
for their rice and the resulting increase in 
production dtiring a few years has been a 
very notable one. During last year or two the 
high <prlces of flour, com meal, Ac. In the 
United States, to which British Guiana looks 
for a large portion of food supplies, have 
resulted 'in an Increased demand for the 
cereal rice, produced at home. The pro- 
duction of late years has Increased to such 
an extent that a considerable quantity has 
been exported to some of the adjacent West 



Indian islands, ibut now it Is found that 
nearly all of the rice produced in British 
Guiana will be needed at home. About 30,- 

000 hags per year for the last two years 
have been exported and these bags average 
about 137 pounds In weight of clean rice. 

Nearly 40,000 acres are now planted in 
rice, yielding about 25 hags, of 125 pounds 
each, of paddy per acre. This is perhaps a 
better yield than is secured in Louisiana. 
The coolies in British Guiana adopt the 
Hindoo methods, we believe, of starting 
their rico in nurseries and then setting It 
out iby hand, as Is done In the East Indies. 

The total crop of rice produced last year 
was 30,000 long tons, or 400,000 bags of 173 
pounds each of clean rice. 

The Anthrax or Charbon Situation.* 

Laurel Hill, West Feliciana, La,. 
July 22, 1909. 
Editor Louisiana Planter: 
In the last issue of the Louisiana Planter 

1 noted an editorial on charbon, calling on the 
veterinary department for information as to 
the history, conditions attending and means 
of eradication. 

Of all disea-ses known in man or beast, char- 
bon is the oldest and most widespread. The 
history is known, the causes and the continu- 
ation and propagation thoroughly known and 
freely discui-sed. But it will never be eradicated 
from Ijouisiana as long as the vicious, shiftless, 
lazy and indiflferent methods, or want of meth- 
ods, in the disposal of charbon carcases are con- 
tinued. To haul o\\t infected carcases to the 
back lands should be a criminal offense. Those 
may at any time be planted to rice and they 
are almost always used for pasture, and let me 
assure you that the grass that luxuriantly 
grows on these land<. polluted by those carcases, 
will infect cattle and horses for decades. Neither 
will burying help the matter much, for the 
spores will live underground and come to the 
surface through the agency of earthworms or 
other assistance and pollute and infect the 
grass with deadly eflect. There is no alternative 
to cremation, thorough and entire. 

Even rice bran has been so seriously sus- 
pected of infection that I have not dared to feed 
it to stock in ten years. It has been suspected, 
and with good reasons, of infecting mules fed 
on it. and killing many. 

There are two forms of charbon, the one by 
inoculation by flies and the other from feeding 
on infected grass, or feed grown on infected 
land. The former is curable and its symptoms 
displayed long enough before death to admit 
of constitutional treatment, in my practice 
tablespoon doses of muriatic tincture of iron 
and chlorate of potash and whiskey three 
times daily, with a bath of strong solution .» 
copperas. The latter form of the disease, from 
eating infected feed, is incurable, for its man- 
ifestation can not be noticed until the animal is 
in "articulo mortis." 

Now for prevention. All charbon car<^eB 
must he cremated. Secondly, all sloughs con- 
taining stagnant water in dry spells must be 
drained. Charbon is a dry weather disease and 
sloughs are the breeding grounds and the cul- 
ture media, where the spores increase and mul- 
tiply indefinitely between the rainy spells. The 
hard showers and rainy spells scour out the 
sloughs. When rains cease the waters remain- 



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67 



lug in the slough are soon swarming in them. 

Eradication of this disease is impossible in 
Louisiana until for a series of years these pre- 
ventive measures have been thoroughly used, for 
Southwestern Louisiana has tens of thousands 
of acres which are already so badly infected 
that years will be required to cleanse them, and 
last, but not least, inoculation with the serum 
prevents the disease. Yours truly, 

J. BuRRUSS McGehee. 

Our distinguished correspondent writes 
with considerable confidence on a very ob- 
scure subject. To our personal knowledge 
many deaths of mules affected with char- 
bon, displaying exterior tumors, have oc- 
curred and the impression is that these 
tumors may arise as In human beings, by 
the infection of the so-called lympathic sys- 
tem with the microbes of the disease, 
whether the disease have its origin in the 
bites of flies or in the Ingestion of infected 
foodstuffs. The rice bran incident referred 
to is pure guess work and was never veri- 
fied by any experimentation. Certain mules 
were infected with charbon and they had 
been eating rice bran. The veterinarlaa 
called into consultation suggested the dis- 
use of the rice bran and after his visit no 
further cases occurred. After some delay 
the use of rice bran was resumed and then 
other cases of charbon appeared. It would 
seem very possible that if these animals 
had been consuming food other than rice 
bran they would have had the original out- 
break, the subsequent Intermission and the 
reuewed outbreak any way. We believe the 
disease there came from the grazing. In 
the rice bran case none of.it was tested, nor 
determined, the only determinations made 
being the fact that animals died with the 
charbon, as proven by bacteriological ex- 
amination, and that it came from the rice 
bran seems a less probable hypothesis than 
that it should come from infected grounds 
on the Mount Houmas plantation, in Ascen- 
sion parish, where the incident originated. 
We believe that In Southern Louisiana hun- 
dreds, if not thousands, of animals are eat- 
ing grass from over the grraves of animals 
that have had anthrax, or charbon, and eat- 
ing grass that is grown on land over which 
charbonous carcasses have been dragged, 
and outbreaks of charbon very rarely occur 
there, formerly not oftener than once in 
five or ten years, and since inoculation with 
Pasteur's vaccine has been generally 
adopted, the cases of charbon have been ex- 
tremely rare, although once in a while an 
outbreak still occurs, which leads us to ask 
for investigation similar to those that have 
been so successful In running the yellow 
fever germ into its lair. It was demon- 
strated in Havana that men could sleep m 
the bed clothes of those who had died of 
yellow fever without any danger whatever 
of that disease coming to them except 
through the mosquito that had bitten yellow 
lever patients and then transmitted the dis- 
ease to the medical men who were investi- 
gating the disease and of whom two out of 
six died. It was demonstrated by careful 



scientific tests that this disease was trans- 
mitted in that way. At tnat time we would 
not think of permitting the removal of a 
yellow fever corpse for many years, and the 
writer recalls the fact that in 1897 a poliec 
officer of the parish of Bast Feliciana went 
to the writer's berth in a sleeping car near 
Wilson and tried to get him out of bed in 
order to report to the East Feliciana au- 
thorities and see whether or not he should 
be allowed to pass through the parish in a 
sleeping car on his way from Calhoun to 
New Orleans. The livmg man hailing from 
New Orleans and beyond was then consid- 
ered very dangerous, and may not that 
myth of twelve years ago prevail today in 
regard to charbon? 

Pasteur made the statement as to the 
death of animals from grazing over the ten- 
year-old graves of charbonous carcasses, 
but so far as we have ever learned, and we 
have been a student of this matter for many 
years, no evidence of the accuracy of Prof. 
Pasteur's statement was given, no details 
were stated and no report was made as to 
whether or not it was merely tradition or 
observation that led him to make the state- 
ment. We are familiar with a certain par- 
ish in this state, wherein one of its oldest 
residents now living says that a generation 
ago it was expected by every sugar planter 
and mule owner that some at least of his 
mules would die of charbon every year, and 
that in many years the loss would be very 
severe, sometimes taking ninety per cent, 
of them, and in that parish year after year 
now passes without any losses from char- 
bon. Inoculation with Pasteur's vaccine has 
the credit of giving this immunity to mule 
stock. The J*ather singular thing, however, 
is that the small ponies and horses, ill fed 
and scarcely cared for in any way, are also 
now comparatively immune to the attacks 
of the disease and very few of them are 
ever Inoculated. No demonstrations in the 
field as to the danger of infected carcasses 
or Infected feed stuffs have been had. 

In regard to draining of stagnant pools 
referred to by our correspondent, the popu- 
lar idea now as to the chief danger resulting 
from pools would be their production of the 
anopheles mosquito, transmitting malarial 
fever. The transmitter of charbon is thus 
far unknown and the disease may not have 
any specific insect as Its host, but may be 
transmitted by the blood-sucking files of 
any kind from an infected animal to one not 
infected. We have the very highest esteem 
for our distinguished correspondent's views 
in regard to anything pertaining to stock 
raising and we may say as well in regard to 
almost anything within the reach of human 
learning, but charbon, thus far, seems to 
have eluded the searches made after in- 
formation concerning It, and hence our ex- 
pressed hopes that our own State Experi- 
ment Station and the U. S. Department of 
Agriculture would endeavor to utilize the 
outbreak in Southwestern Louisiana, which 
presents such an admirable opportunity for 



a thorough investigation of the disease. 
Sue ft investigations require time and 
money, as well as the necessary ability in 
research work and these factors are not 
always available. It may be that we shall 
have to remain a generation or two longer 
in the dark as to the cause of these occa- 
sional outbreaks of charbon. If they oc- 
curred every year in given localities, which 
they do not, or if the cases were equally 
fatal durmg every outoreak, which they are 
not, research work would seem to be some- 
what simpler. As it is, we are practically 
left in the dark and the disease retains all 
of its old terrors to those who suffer losses 
through it. — Editor Louisiana Planter. 



Sugar Production in Java. 

The wonderful increase in the production 
of cane sugar in Java has attracted atten- 
tion everywhere. The reported disinclina- 
tion of the Filipinos to engage in any kind 
of hard 'work and the absolute refusal of 
the native Hawaiians against similar exer- 
cise, make it more surprising that the Java- 
nese -who are of a similar race, should Ibe 
willing to engage as actively as they do in 
cane culture, even under the auspices of the 
Dutch government. With a production of 
about a half million tons of sugar in 1894 
the output has reached about a million and 
a quarter of tons in 1908. We give toelow 
some figures compiled officially in Java, In- 
dicating the crops for the fifteen years of 
1894 to 1908 inclusive. The area planted is 
given in hectares, about 2 1-2 acres each, 
and the tons are metrical, or 2220 pounds 
each. It will :be noticed that the average su 
gar production per hectare (2 1-2 acres) dur- 
ing the last ten years has been 9.417 tons, or 
nearly 33 14 long tons of sugar cane per 
acre. The percentage of sugar produced to 
the weight of the cane is given in the last 
column of the table below and averages over 
10 per cent. The data given are as follows: 

^ Production of 

a ^ ^ sugar in kilo 

S el g grounds. 

fed §« 1; S^ 

1894 77,919 530,963 6,814 10.36 

1895 77,093 581,569 7,543 9.79 

1896 73,993 534,390 7,222 10.55 

1897 75,289 586,299 7,786 10.06 

1898 80,337 725,030 9,025 10.21 

1899 83,430 76-.447 9,139 10.94 

1900 90,1^5 744,257 8,199 9.57 

1901 101,694 803,735 7,903 10.16 

1902 104.ad7 897,130 8,612 10.77 

1903 101,754 952,307 9,359 10.03 

1904 103,037 1,055,043 10,239 10.74 

1 905 105,...^3 1,039,178 9,860 10.37 

1906 110,752 1,067,798 9,611 10.04 

1907 113,564 1,210,197 10,656 10.04 

1908 117,579 1,241,885 10,562 10.04 

Average percentage of extraction for last ten 
years 9.417. 

Correction. 

London, B. C, July 17, 1909. 
Editor Louisiana Planter: 

Dear Sir — We beg to point out that in the 
article headed "Sugar Plantation in Chancery" 



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[Vol. xlili. No. 5 



in your issue of 3rd inst., there is a mistake 
in your giving Antigua as the place to which 
the statements '.herein refer. The circumstancei^ 
in that island are entirely different from those 
described. Tiiere is no Agricultural Aids Act 
there, but there are a lew estates that are 
worked bv receivei*s appointed by the court for 
one reason or another. Those, however, are 
quite the exception, almost all being in the hands 
of the ownei-8 and not burdened with mortgages. 
We remain, dear sir, j'ours faithfully, 

Henchell & DuBuissoN. 

We certainly intended no reflection upon 
the sugar planters of Antigua by our edi- 
torial. We got this data from some one of 
our West India exchanges, perhaps from 
Antigua, and thought they applied to An- 
tigua in which we now learn from our cor- 
respondent that we were mistaken. We 
can't recall the exact source, and regret we 
made the error in our deductions. — Editob 
Louisiana Planter. 



James Qaul. 

We present our readers -with a half tone 
cut of Mr. James Gaul, deputy vice-president 
of the Trinidad Agricultural Society, who 
h:.s just resigned that •position owing to his 



approaching departure from Trinidad to take 
up an Important appointment in Peru. Mr. 
Gaul went to Trinidad in 1889 and -was for 
ten years second in command to that very 
able and well known gentleman, Mr. Peter 
Ahel, at the famous Usine St. Madeliene. 
Mr. Ahel was called down In Trinidad "fhe 
King of West Indian Sugar Planters" and is 
now traveling In other parts of the world 
and from his tour in India we have been 
furnishing quite a quantity of valuable data 
of late. On the retirement of Mr. Abel Mr. 
Gaul was offered and accepted the manage- 
ment of the Messrs. Tennant's extensive Na- 
•parima properties, where full scope for his 
agricultural and administrative ability was 
found and exercised to the 'benefit of the 
proprietors and to his own credit. Mr. Gaul 
took an active interest in cane fanming 
among the peasantry of Trinidad and these 
East Indian coolies and West Indian negroes 
engaged in cane farming seem to have ap- 
preciated Mr. Gaul's cooperation very much. 
They presented him with a farewell address, 
expressive of their good feeling and appre- 
ciation of what he had done for them. 

We get all of these data from the report 
of the proceedings of the Trinidad Agricul- 



tural Society and from our own New York 
correspondent. Mr. Gaul will have the man- 
agement of the iBritish Sugar Co. in Peru, 
and the magnitude of the sugar industry 
there and the progressiveness of the Peru- 
vian sugar planters is leading them to look 
throughout the world for the best men they 
opn get to carry on and develop the Peru- 
vian sugar industry, which is already one of 
considerable magnitude, aggregating a pro- 
duction of aibout 150,000 long tons per 
annum. 



MR. .JAMES GAUL AND MBS. GAUL. 



Literary Notes. 

The August Century Magazine comes with 
gaily colored covers, instead of its usual prim 
tan and browns, and between these covers will 
bf> found articles of great interest. The lead- 
ing special article this month is "Grover Cleve- 
land; A Record of Friendship," by Richard 
Watson Gilder. These reminiscences will be 
published in three installments in the Century 
find cover an intimate friendship of some twen- 
ty-one years. The illustrations are principally 
from amateur sources. Other special articles 
are "Notre Dame of Rouen,** by Elizabeth Rob- 
ins Pennell, beautifully illustrated from etch- 
ings by Joseph Pennell ; "Imitation in Mon- 
keys,** by Melvin E. Haggerty, illustrated by 
photograpHs; "An Old Plantation Garden,*' by 
Hamilton Witherspoon, describing an old coun- 
try garden in South Carolina, and anyone who 
has had a peer in the fascinating gordens of 
Charleston will greet this article with pleasure ; 
"Heroes and Servitors of Peace, as Illustrated 
by the Carnegie Hero and Relief Fund,** by 
Clarence Clough Bnel ; "Divorce,** a comment 
by Bishop Doane; "St. Gaudens, the Master,** 
edited by Homer St. Gaudens: "The War Upon 
the Great White Plague,'* by Prof. Irving Fish- 
er, and "A Southerner at Gettysburg,** by Hon. 
J. M. Dickinson. The leading piece of fiction 
is the last of the Thirteen at Table stories, this 
one being entitled "The Fourteenth Guest,** and 
one wonders which of the three, S. Weir Mitch- 
pi 1. Owen Wister or Margaret Deland, wrote 
it. There are some six other short stories, 
the regular departments of Topics of the Time, 
Open I^etters and In Lighter Vein, and the 
reproductions in color cover a double page of 
the Salmagundi Club*s "Thumb Box Sketches" 
and the frontispice, which is entitled "The Pink 
Feather,** is reproduced from a painting by 
.Joseph DeCamp. 



Trade Notes. 

BrickHnc— The H. W. Johns-Manville Com- 
pany, whose representative in the sugar dis- 
trict is Mr. W. H. Fleming, report to us that 
there is a -growing appreciation of their fire 
brick cement, which they are selling under the 
trade name of Briokline. This is a fire-resist- 
ing cement especially prepared for use in set- 
ting up and lining fire bricks. It is compara- 
tively inexpensive and possesses high heat re- 
sisting properties, is very adhesive and vitrifies 
under intense heat. The surface it presents is 
so clean that clinkers will not adhere to the 
brick. It is in extensive u.se among the sugar 
planters this season for the interior of their fur- 
naces, and it is easily applied with a trowel or 
brush. The H. W. .Tohns-Manville Company, 
Baronne and Perdido streets. New Orleans, will 
be glad to give full particulars. 



Mr. R. Perez, of .Jesuits Bend, La., was in 
New Orleans on Wednesday. Mr. Perez stopped 
at the Cosmopolitan hotel. 



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69 



LOCAL LETTERS. 



Ascension. 

(SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

Heavy showers fell on Monday, Tuesday and 
Wednesday and complaints of a superfluity of 
moisture are beginning to be heard. The nre- 
ci pita t ions were general in scope, although of a 
charactei which usually serv?s to indicate them 
as "local" — that is, coming up suddenly out of 
a clear sky, and in the course of fifteen min- 
utes or half an hour passing away completely 
and leaving sunshine and a cloudless sky in 
their wake. 

While these showers were quite copious in 
this locality, they seem to have been of the 
natnre of a flood or cloudburst in the terri- 
toi-y contiguous to the line of the Misissippi Val- 
ley Railroad on the east bank of the river, be- 
tween Burnside and New Orleans. In the 
course of a trip over this country on Tues- 
day last, your correspondent noticed water 
standing in the rows on practically all of the 
plantations in St. James, St. John and Jeffer- 
son parishes, and in some instances the fields 
were almost completely submerged. 

Except where the harvesting of rice has al- 
ready been commenced, these precipitations will 
not do any damage to the rice crop, and un- 
less they are continued too long or prove too 
intense in voiume they can not inflict much loss 
on the cane or cotton crops. The work of c"t- 
ting and threshing rice is already under way on 
a number of places in the lower coast par- 
ishes, however, and for this reason it is to be 
hoped that the weather man will cut out the 
daily rains and favor us instead with a reason- 
ably long period of clear, dry weather. 

While en route to and from New Orleans 
last Tuesday your correspondent noted some verj 
pretty crops along the line of the Mississippi 
Valley and also, he is sorry to say, some that 
put up a very sorry and neglected appearance. 
One of the finest crops seen was than on the 
Godchaux Company's Reserve place, while the 
crops in the vicinity of the Belmont crevasse 
territory are as well advanced and promising 
r.3 any to be found anywhere. 

The rice fields were generally in tip-top shape, 
and there seems to be good ground for the be- 
lief that the yield of this cereal this year will 
be greatly in excess of thpt of any previous 
season. Harvesting 'operations have been com- 
menced on several places, but the work will not 
become general before the latter part of next 
week. 

It is worthy of note that only one small 
patch of cotton was seen in the entire terri- 
tory traversed, whereas for the past few years 
many acres have been devoted to the culti- 
vation of this crop. 

Repairs are being made to the roof of the 
boiler room of the Union factory in St. James 
parish. A portion of the big Reserve factory, in 
St. John parish, is also undergoing renova- 
tion. 

John A. Miller, a capable member of the man- 
agerical corps of the JVfiles Company's places at 
Burnside, made a trip to New Orleans during 
the early part of t"h« week, accompanied by his 
little son. 

B. J. Bingay, a well known planter of the 
Crevasse Settlement, in the Sixth Ward of this 
parish, visited Donaldaonville Monday on busi- 
ness. Mr. Bingay says he has ten acres of 
cotton and thirtj' acres of com which are in 



prime condition, and he expects to harvest this 
year one of the biggest crops he has ever grown. 
He says that everywhere in his neighborhood the 
crops are unusually well advanced and promis- 
ing, and this flattering and gratifving report 
seems to be typical at this time of that re- 
ceived from all of the agricultural centers of 

Ascension. 



Iberville. 

(SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

Rather favorable weather continues. The 
days have been hot, though there has been some 
rain and considerable cloudy weather. The cane 
is growing beautifully ; in any up-to-date fields 
stalks with four or five rpd joints are very 
common. The other crops are well advanced. 
Corn harvesting will be started very shortly. 
With rice the water has been drawn off and 
the head will be given time to mature. It is 
very probable that some new rice will be sent 
in one day next week. The many rice planters 
are getting their threshei*s in shape. The rice 
crop in this section is larger than ever before. 
At the Elnora and St. Elizabeth, of Mr. P. C. 
Lorio, pumping has been stopped for several 
weeks and everything placed in readiness for 
threshing, which will be started about the 9th. 
Judging from the fields, the yield is expected 
to be good. Mr. Lorio also has about 100 acres 
in cotton, besides some 3,0(K) acres in cane, which 
gives promise of a good crop. His cane will be 
ground at the Allemania. 

Mrs. Onezeme Landry, the widow of the late 
Onezeme Landry, and mother of Messrs. Portas, 
Beuregard and Louis O. Landry, of Grosse 
Tete, dieS at her home in this parish on Tues- 
day last. Mrs. Landry was a sister of Mr. Alex 
Hotard and w^as a lady well known through the 
section for her charity and excellent disposi- 
tion. 

Work on the large levee at Cedar Grove 
has been started and in fact is under way. 
Some 200 of Louisiana's swarthy boarders are 
bnsy shoving barrows. The levee starts at the 
elbow of the old White Castle plantation home 
of Mr. L. M. Soniat, and will run up to near 
the Catherine ramp, cutting off the entire front 
of Cedar Grove and laying waste a third of 
the town of Dorcyville. Everj' building along 
the front of Cedar Grove has been removed, in- 
cluding the home of Mr. Soniat and his large 
store. The blow falls rather hard on the 
numerous small property holders at Dorcey- 
ville. About forty will lose all they have. 

Mes«5rs. V. M. Lefebre, Andrew H. Gay and 
John Wilbert attended the joint meeting of the 
Atchafalaya and T^afourche Levee Boards at 
Donaldsonville on W^ednesday, they being mem- 
bers of the -former. The fact that $300,00u 
has been set aside for th^ erection of locks 
at the head of Bayou Lafourche should be 
cause of great satisfaction to all the planters 
on the bayou. 

Mr. Jos. Wilbert, dis wife and daughter. 
Miss Maude, expect to leave shortly for an ex- 
tended trip through the North and West. 

Mr. Anatole Jolly, Sr., a highly esteemed 
Civil War veteran and for many years a promi- 
nent planter in this parish, died at his home 
in Plaquemine on Thursday, at the age of 
.sixty-eight. He was buried at St. Gabriel on 
Friday. He leaves one son, Anatoli Jolly, Jr., 
and three daughters. Mrs. A. A. Browne and 
Misses Florence and I/ouise Jolly, to mourn his 
loss. 



Mr. John Bourgois, on Tuesday of last week, 
sold his place on the east side to Mrs. Dr. 
G. W. Sitraan, the consideration being iiv^,2U0 
cash. The place has some 180 acres and is in 
cane. Iberville. 



West Baton Rous^e. 

(SPECIAL CORBEBPONDBNCB.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

Very little has occurred since our last cor- 
respondence to help fill out a column, except- 
ing light partial showers, which have fallen in 
certain parts of the parish, partly relieving us 
of a continued semi-drought of several weeks* 
duration. Crops are very much in need of 
rain, especialy in the sections where the show- 
ers were very light, and cane in black land is 
showing signs of distress by losing its pretty 
color and assuming a pale appearance. The 
lay by work is generally finished. Here and 
there a planter is found "sinking middles," but 
the steady, heavy work is done and the crop 
from now on will have to go it on its own 
hook. 

The prospects for a tine sugar crop are still 
excellent ; the increased acreage wil add to the 
output of sugar and this year will exceed last 
year' s production hy a goodly number of 
pounds. 

The corn crop will be a banner one with 
us. It would have been still better had we 
had rains sufficient to help out the young corn. 
This latter part of our corn crop has suffered 
from the lack of moisture. 

The pea vine crop is very good, which is a 
big thing for the planters from all points of 
view. 

Very littie actual improvements are being put 
in our large sugar houses; the fact is that they 
are all very much improved factories already. 
Smithfield is doing some work on its Deming 
apparatus, an itemized account of which will 
appear later. Tne construction work on the 
several extensions of plantation railways which 
were mentioned in these columns some time back, 
IS being pushed to completion and will be finished 
in plenty of time for the roadbed to settle and 
be in good condition for heavy transportation 
of the cane crop. On Allendale the mills have 
been turned, and Engineer Marlee is now busy 
with the general over hauling incidental to the 
approach of harvest time. 

On Orange Grove Mr. Devall has laid by one 
of his- best crops for several years ; in po'.nt 
of tonnage, it should be one of his largest, as 
his acquisition of the "Cyprefes Hall" and his 
lease of the **Seidenbach" gives him a large 
acreage ; but it is not in cane alone that Mr. 
Devall is well provided ; his nine hundred acres 
of com, which is said to be "all good com," 
bid fair to make him notorious; it is the largest 
corn crop that we have ever heard of grown 
by a sugar planter and puts the quietus on his 
feed propasition for a comfortable while; be- 
sides the land will be put in fine fix for cane 
another year. 

Mr. A. W. Norman, of Smithfield, has re- 
turned from North Carolina from a visit to his 
parents. 

Mr. H. Wilkinson, of Poplar Grove, is over 
the lake for a two-weeks' outing. 

Mr. S. I). Watson, of Tensas parish, spent 
a while with Mr. G. W. Ory, of Belmont, this 
week. 

Mr. Jas. Mullooly, of Catherine, went to 
Covington, La., Sunday to visit his family, who 
•»re summeTIug there. 



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[Vol. xllll, No. 5 



Mr. A. B. Simmons, lately of Smithfield*s 
clerical force, has gone on a visit to his parents 
in Westmoreland county, Tenn. 

As we close indications are fine for more 
showers, which are very desirable, as there are 
still dry spots in 

West JBaton Rouge. 



Assumption. 

(special cobrbspondbncb.) 
Editor Louisiana Planter: 

Enough of rain has fallen here this week to 
dispel the fear that was entertained by the 
planters that the crops would not get enough 
moisture during July and August, owing to 
rainy spells during the month of June. Show- 
ers have been falling every other day, and as 
the sunshine takes charge of things immedi- 
ately after the rain, the growth of the cane 
crop is rapid. Very little work could be done 
this week owing to the rains of Monday and 
Wednesday. The cane crop is ahead of what 
it was at this season last year, and most plan- 
tations have better crops than have been seen 
for a number of years. The stubble crop is 
better than ever. Among the plantations in 
lower Assumption that have beautiful pros- 
pects are : Little Texas, Rosedale, Ravenswood 
and Georgia. The com crop, which is very 
good on nearly all plantations, is ripening rap- 
idly. 

The Trinity plantation, which has been turned 
over to tenants this year, and which place is 
under the general management of Mr. E. P. 
^Funson, is reported as having an exceptionally 
fine crop. The crop on Trinity has been thor- 
oughly cultivated and is clean and in fine 
shape. 

A wedding which was of interest in plant- 
ing circles this week was that of Mr. Theophile 
Talbot, bookkeeper of the Oakley Refinery, to 
Miss Marie O. Gilbert, of Napoleon ville. 

Mr. Bdw. P. Gilbert, formerly overseer in 
this parish, but now holding such a position on 
one of the Mil liken & Farwell sugar estates, in 
West Baton Rouge, was a visitor in this par- 
ish this week. He reports a fine crop over in 
his section of the State. Mr. Gilbert informed 
your correspondent that owing to the appear- 
ance of the boll weevil in that parish a great 
many of the cotton fields which were looking 
very promising last year were totally destroyed 
by the weevils. He says that this year a num- 
ber of the smaller cotton farmers have planted 
caoe in his neighborhood. 

Mr. Louis Dill, the capable enginer of the 
Oakley plantation, was in Napoleonville. He 
•was accompanied here bv his wife and little 
twin daughters. 

Mr. and Mrs. Andree Menuet, of Oakley plan- 
tation, were in town last ..ednesday to at- 
tend the Talbot-Giloert nuptials. 

Mrs. S. Mills Malhiot and her guests, Miss 
Hero and ^faster H^ro. were here Wednesday 
to attend the Talbot-Gilbert wedding. 

Mr. Octave Trosclair, the bright son of Mr. 
L. A. Trosclair. of Lafourche, was a visitor to 
town last Wednesday. 

A number of .\ssumption sugar mills were 
busy drying sugar last week. 

Work on the dredging back of the Elm Hall 
plantation is still going on. Hundreds of acres 
of land have been reclaimed by the Godchaux 
Company by dredgine a canal in the rear of 
the place to the lake, and more land will now 
be reclaimed by the dredging of the new canal. 

ASSXTlfPTION. 



Lafourche. 

(SPBCIAL COBBBSrONDBNGS.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

With the exception of two or three light 
showers, the weather has been clear, warm and 
sunshiny. The crops are making a splendid 
growth and will probably mature as early as if 
conditions had been as favorable at the beginning 
of the season as in former years. There is lit- 
tle news to record in connection with the crops 
other than that the planters continue to get 
their odd jobs cleared up. 

Jules Godchaux, the genial manager of Race- 
land plantation and refinery, informs us that 
he is putting a six foot mill in his factory. This 
will increase the capacity of Raceland and 
enable them to take off their crop in much less 
time. He says the prospect for a good crop is 
very satisfactory. 

Mrs. Arthur Foret, whose husband is over- 
.«eer for E. A. Delaune, died very suddenlv at 
her home in Lockport on Sunday, July 25, at 
the age of 36 years. She was on her way to 
church Sunday morning when stricken. The 
funeral services were held at St. Sauveur's 
Catholic Church, at 3:30 p. m. Monday, and 
was attended by a large concourse of mourn- 
ers. 

J. M. Dresser, of New Orleans, who is having 
considerable of his Lafourche lands planted m 
sugar cane, was a visitor here the first of the 
week. AcADiE. 



and ingenuity in fashoning sncb things is fast 
becoming appreciated by planters, and Mr. 
Thornton's business is fast getting about as 
large as he can well look after. 

Mr. B. 0. Taylor, with his tank barges, has 
finished towing the molasses from Katie and 
some other places and started taking the stuff 
from Camperdown last Wednesday. This mo- 
lasses goes to the Franklin Refinery Switch and 
is there pumped into tank cars, which go to 
destination, New Orleans, or wherever wanted. 



St. Mary 

(SPKCIAL COBBBSPONDBNCB.) 

Hditor Louisiana Planter: 

I will say that the weather conditions prevail- 
ing now and for some time past are very favor- 
able to the growing cane crop. Those who are 
in the grass, or behind in laying by, would 
have preferred to see it remain dry for a time 
yet. We are having daily showers, and some- 
times several of them during the day, and wher- 
ever the drainage is good and middles clean 
the crop is showing a fine growth and color all 
right. 

I heard some planters, not long since, who 
had made a pretty extensive survey of the crops 
hereabouts, express themselves as doubtful of 
the fine prospects that have been the theme of 
almost everyone's talk heretofore. They found 
much thin, small for the season and grassy cane, 
and all of it smaller than expected. The 
writer has seen so many crops which were small 
on the 1st of August and looked as though they 
were going to bring disaster and ruin to the 
owner, which a showery August would trans- 
form to splendid ones, that he long since formed 
the habit of never forming a final estimate until 
along in the first days of September. 

The Cami>erdown Refinery is building a levee 
around its stowage fuel oil tank, with sufficient 
capacity between lines to hold a full tank of 
fuel oil, in case anything should happen to 
start a leak. Oil is costing so much now 
adays that it pays to taKe some trouble and go 
to an expense to take care of it. 

Mr. J. A. Thornton, of the "grab that grabs" 
fame, was on a visit to Camperdown during the 
week looking over their derrick and general 
hoisting machinery, with a view to repairing 
them and incidentally adding some improve- 
ments. Mr. Thornton has been all the year 
long, like the grave digger, up to his ears in 
business. He talks of hundred foot booms and 
towering masts, all made of steel, like they were 
playthings for a back yard. His handy work 



Iberia. 

(8PBCIAL COBBBSPOKDBNCB.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter : 

The week passing has on the whole been 
favorable to the cane crop, as high tempera- 
tures have prevailed and considerable rain has 
fallen, although in some sections, notably Olivier 
and at Orange Grove, but slight showers have 
visited, an«1 the crop is realy in need of good 
soaking rains. At all other points the crop 
seems to be well advanced and all parties are 
satisfied. Reports of large canes, five and six 
joints, come in, showing the cane is up to an 
average year. All the field work is done and 
the crop is generally free from weeds and grass, 
and it has nothing to do but spread itself, 
which it is doing. It is stated by many that 
Iberia never had a better cane crop than this 
year. The acreage is slightly increased and 
with the perfect stands and large size of the 
plant, both stubble and seed cane, the largest 
aggreg^ite fonnage ever raised is expected. Near- 
ly all of this cane has been contracted for by 
home factories; probably 10 per cent may go 
to factories in St. Mary parish, which repre- 
sents the surplus, as all of our factories have 
contracted for all they can handle with safety. 
The new factories are progressing with their 
construction. The one at Delcambre is well 
under way with machinery under roof, and the 
one at Youngsville rapidly nearing completion. 
The factory at lioreauville will not be built this 
season, but stock for $75,000 has been raised 
and contracts for five years for 20,000 tons of 
cane have been made. I should say this fac- 
tory will be located about three miles from 
Loreauville, in the midst of rich farming lands, 
cultivated by numerous industrious small plant- 
ers, who will soon force this new venture to en- 
large its capacity. 

The com crop of this parish is made as the 
last rains of this week have put the finishing 
touches to the young plants, now strong and 
sturdy, making their roasting ears. The old 
planting is now hard enough to pull and is 
being fed regularly, so no bills are made for 
foreign feed. Some very interesting experi- 
ments have been made in corn this year, dem- 
onstrations under the direction of the special 
agent of the agricultural department at Wash- 
ington. The methods followed seem to be very 
promising and an increased yield is expected, 
some predicting as much as 60 bushels to the 
acre. The rice harvest is on in good fashion; 
plenty of labor ; rice in prime condition, but the 
weather has been so showery that it has in- 
terfered very much with the work. Still con- 
siderable has been cut and threshed and the usual 
processions of loaded carts may be seen wend- 
ing their way to the rice mill, which, under 
the management of its owner, Mr. Jules Drey- 
fus, commenced milling the new rice this week. 
Of the 60,000 sacks expected from this parish, 

about 45,000 will go to this mill. The yield 



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71 



of clean rice is very good and the quality first 
class. 

A few cotton bolls, survival of the fittest, are 
on i?xhibition to show that the crop is not entire- 
ly abandoned. Node. 



Avoyelles. 

(SPECIAL COBBB8POKDBKCI:.) 

Editor Louisiana 1 t,anter\ 

It seems that the showers which prevailed 
over this section did not supply as much 
moisture as was really needed at the time and 
since for the benefit of the growing cane crops 
At the same time some good and lasting results 
were obtained, for the tane crops of this and 
adjoining districts are growing, the color is good 
and the canes seem to be strong and healthy. 
With all said, it seems that the planters want 
what they term a '*root soaker" — rain and 
plenty of it to fall and fill the cane middles with 
water. That is, a genuine "soaker" is now in 
demand. 

Judging from the looks of the clouds to-day, 
the indications are favorable for rain during 
the next twelve or twenty-four hours, sure. 
When the rain does come on it will more th.tn 
likely be a "root soaker" and bring with it the 
good r»?sults so much desired by the cane grow- 
ers of the Red River belt. 

Com would improve if there were more mois- 
ture in the ground than at present. Late com, 
in particular, needs rain to improve the growth 
and yield of grain. However, it is now con- 
ceded that the yield of corn for this section 
will bo heavy : in fact, ample for all purposes, 
home use and to market. The lower coast 
planters will serve their purpose if when in 
quest of com this fall they look in on Avoyelles 
and Rapides for the same. 

Messrs. t»otz and John Wilbert, Plaquemine. 
of the firm of the A. \v ilbert*s Sons Sugar Man- 
ufacturing Company, were up witn us last week 
and while here contracted for Mr. C. F. Knoll's 
fine cane crop and also Mr. Henry Frith*s 
heavy and promising cane crop. The gentlemen 
here mentioned were from all accounts highly 
pleased with the cane and com prospects noted 
while here, especially in the neighborhood of 
Bunkie. 

Mr. Martin, representing the Godchaux sugar 
and manufacturing interests, was here on a re- 
cent date and availed himself of the time and 
opportunity to visit a nqmber of cane planta- 
tions situated in Avoyelles and Rapides. From 
what has been learned Mr. Martin was favorably 
impressed with the cane prospects that came 
under his observation while in the Red River 
cane belt. 

Mr. Robt. Tubre while in town on the 27th 
stated to the Planter's correspondent that his 
cane crop was growing nicely. Mr. Tubre was 
of the opinion that a good rain would improve 
both the cane and com crops on his and adjoin- 
ing places. 

Mr. Heni-y Frith, calling this morning, the 
28th, reported that a light rain fell over his 
plantation on yesterday afternoon. While the 
rainfall w.as very light, Mr. Frith is inclined to 
the opinion it was a benefit to the cane, com 
and -peas, 'luere was a trace of rain here. To 
iJie west, on "Rayou Beonf, al«o east of here, the 
rainfall was from all accounts heavier, but not 
heavy enough to satisfy all the wants of the 
planters. Erin. 



St. James—- Left Bank. 

(SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter : 

The general condition of the weather during 
the past week has been very much the same as 
heretofore. Outside of a good hard rain Mon- 
day morning and a second shower in the after- 
noon and a sort of thunder storm during the 
night of Friday, the weather has again assumed 
its normal condition, and with a continuation 
of this dry hot sunshine the rice planters will 
again become more hopeful than they were dur- 
ing these several hard showers. The cane crops 
are as promising as can be and whatever little 
backwardneps they showed they have by now 
nearly eliminated, and should no storm or any 
such undesirable incident visit our section this 
crop of 1909 will prove a banner one. The heat 



continues very oppressive, although the nights 
are pleasant and the early mornings really 
cool. 

On the Uncle Sam plantation the crop de- 
serves special mention, as it is as fine as could 
be wished for, and in fact if not the best in 
the State, we think that no better could be 
found, and with the factory being overhauled 
everything will be in a tip-top order to grind 
the immense crop, besides that of several other 
places around 

On the Lily plantation everything is reported 
In a splendid condition and quite satisfactory. 
Mr. A. Manuel, the owner, is now spending 
a couple of months across the lake. 

Mr. Jules A. Dornier, owner of the Bonne 
Esperance, a small place just above the Uncle 
Sam, has some very fine cane, the just reward 
of hard work. Mr. Dornier is one of thos^ 
indefatigable workers and while he relies on 
fertilizers to a certain extent he pays particu- 
lar attention to the working of his cron and 
whenever good crops depend only on hard and 
fliligent work Bonne Esperance is sure to be 
in the front. 

Mr. Jos. L. Landry, who owns a pop factory 
and manufactures it himself, gives a good deal 
of attention to the culture of cane ; also reports 
things as being fine all along the crop line.Mr. 
Landry has just purchased a fine tract of land 
just below that which he is now working. The 
property in question formerly belonjjed to the 
Blancharu Estatr, the purchase price being 
$1,800. 

Mr. and Mrs. Jules Jacob. Jr., and their young 
«5on. Jules III. h'we just returned from a de- 
lightful trip to Birmingham. Ala., where Mr. 
Jacob's busines neces*<itated his going, and the 
trio enjoyed the outing very much. 

Convent. 



St. Charles. 

(SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

Another week of copious rains, with more or 
less wind and high temperatures, has been re- 
corded; the wind was not at any time strong 
engugh to cause any damage and the rains 
generally have been more profitable than harm- 
ful. No field work to amount to anything 
was done owing to the wet conditions; the 
only work consisting of the mowing down of 
grass and hay and the cleaning out of ditch 
hanks. On most of the places all the work to 
the cnne has been accomplished and now the 
time is only awaited when a start at break- 
ing corn will be made. Even the rice planters 
had a week of loafing, owing to the fact that 
it rained. Some ffw were to make a start at 
cutting on Monday, but the weather was found 
to be so unsettled that this was postponed and 
with gooio weather prevailing a fair start will 
be made on next Monday. The chances are 
that labor will be plentiful and consequently the 
prices paid for cutting rice will be normal. 

In some of our pfi.<;t letters we mentioned 
the name of Keller Bros., of Hahnville, when 
writing up the corn and cane crop of the Home 
place. This was an error, for the Keller Bros, 
do not own the Home place and are only making, 
rice this year. 1 he name should have read P. A. 
Sc A. L. Keller. We take this opportunity of 
making the correction. 

Some of the plantei*s of the upper part of 
the parish claim that the rains recently had 
have done a world of good to the cane, a few 
even claim that the cane had begun to suffer 
9ome on account of lack of mobture and would 
have suffered considerably more had the rain 
not come just in time. The other crops, the 
corn and peas, have also been beupfited. al- 
tho\igh they could have gone some more time 
without rain and not suffer any. 

A few cases of sickness on stock were re- 
ported during the w^ek. Some of the planters 
are of the oninion that same is a mild case 
of charbon, though the majority claim that it 
can not be charbon. One ca«e on record is that 
of a mule which has been sick for nine days. 
A heavy swellng of the abdoman was the only 
sisn prasent. The animal was cut in three or 
four plaecs by some of the jack leg doctors and 
the swelling bandaged with sacks,. After this 
the swelling graduallv disappeared and the ani- 
mal seemed none the worse off. One thing 
noticed during his sickness is the fact that the 



animal never refused to eat; on the contrary, 
apparently ate with a very good appetite. Un- 
doubtedly it could not have been a case of char- 
bon. It is possible, however, that it was some 
other sickness which caused more or less of a 
swelling, and then at that stage being cut and 
attended to by unskilled hands, this alone 
would be sufficient to irritate the sick portions 
and cause the swelling to assume larger propor- 
tions than it would otherwise have done. The 
cases of this kind have been very few, with no 
mortality attached. 

Mrs. S. Hymel, of the Speranza, went to St. 
John Thursday. 

Mr. P. A. Keller reached home Tuesday, after 
a few days spent at Galveston, Tex. 

Fbeshie. 



Calcasieu. 

(SPECIAL CORREBPUNDENCB.) 

Lake Charles, July 24, 1909. 
Editor Louisiana Planter: 

Unless heavy rains fall throughout this sec- 
tion within the next week untold damage will 
be incurred by the rice planters, whose crops 
are now suffering for lack of irrigation. Even 
now it is estimated by experienced rice men 
that the forthcoming crop will be curtailed 
one-third as a result of the great drought and 
the consequent salt pervading the streams, es- 
pecially the Mermentau river, from which 
numerous irrigation companies draw their sup- 
ply of water. 

Every pumpmg plant along this stream is 
now closed down, and the water is brackish 
throughout, the water from the gulf having 
come up, as. the plants lifted great quantities 
of the fresh water out lowering the level. Great 
apprehension is felt that the storm along the 
gulf coast has driven water great distances into 
the inland streams, and if these fears prove 
to be well grounded then it is only a matter 
of a few days before every plant will be closed, 
with the possible exception of one or two, which 
draw their supply from streams fed by tribu- 
taries further inland. A gallon of water taken 
from the Mermentau river near Mermentau 
showed under analysis eleven one-hundredths of 
one per cent salt, which would prove ruinous to 
the rice crop. 

Senator H. C. Drew, president of the Drew 
Irrigation Company, which operates two large 
canals, in discussing the situation today, said : 
"WeVe not been troubled with salt water so 
far. Our supply is good and those streams 
from which we lift our water will be about the 
very last to be permeated with salt. We 
have things in such condition that 1 appre- 
hend no danger along our canal. I have re- 
ceived no definite information from the Mer- 
mentau section, but I understand the situation 
I here is anything but encouraging." 

H. G. Chalkl^y, of the American Land and 
Timber Company, was not so optimistic. Mr. 
Chalkley apprehended danger from the winds 
of yesterday driving the gulf water up the 
Tiaccasine bayou, one of their sources of sup- 
ply. "There have been no rains to speak of 
anywhere in the rice section," said Mr. Chalk- 
ley. *'These hard showers that we have had 
here in the city were not general and there is 
haraiy any section that has had one good, bene- 
ficial rain. We could close down any of our 
plants for ten days without the crops suffer- 
ing." 

Mr. Chalkley*s company's plants draw their 
supply from the Calcasieu river, north of Lake 
(^harles, Bayou Laccasiue and Sweet Lake, 
through which their canal runs. They have 
gates at the Nerman. Thus Sweet Lake canal, 
as it is called, runs from Calcasieu Lake to 
Grand Lake, but flood gates have been placed at 
each end. so that it is possible to close out the 
s.ilt water and drive the drainage into Sweet 
Lake from the territory north. 

W. W. Dusou, one of the pioneers of the 
country, was in the city to-day and declared : 
"There's no way of telling what the damage 
will be unless there are heavy rains within 
the next few daj's. The crop will suffer 
greatly. The old crop is all right, but the lat- 
ter crop is in great danger. As it is, one- third 
of the crop has been lost through the drought. 
Salt water is all up the Mermentau, and 
every plant is closed. Some farmers don't like 
to admit danger confronting them, but it's a 
fact that the crop is seriously threatened." 

Whtdden. 



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[Vol. xliii, No. 5 



POREION LETTERS. 



Havana. 

(STAFF CORBBSPONDENCE.) 

Havana, July 23d, 1909. 

Sutjar Market. — This market has ruled quiet 
and strong, in harmony with that of New York, 
in which the firmness of holders has been an 
obstacle to business, since refiners who are as 
yot sufficiently stocked to meet the immediate 
nofds for consumption are, on this account, 
utterly reluctant to improve ruling prices, and 
they are induced to persist in their present at- 
titude by the better dispositions holders of Java 
sugars commence to show regarding a reduc- 
tion in their first pretensiom? for the cargoes 
under sail. 

No sale having been • effected daring the 
wrek under review, prices have continued ruling 
nominal at this place, on the former basis of 
2% to 2 7-36 cents per pound, for 95-96 test 
centrifugals of good shipping classes and 1% 
to 1% cents do. do. for 88-90 do. molasses su- 
gars. 

Croj) yews. — With the sole exception of a 
few districts in the provinces of Santa Clara 
and Caraaguey. in which it has continued rain- 
ing heavily, the quantity of water fallen in the 
balance of the island during the first days of 
the past week was altogether moderate, but 
owing to the copious rains of the preceding 
ones, the lack of moisture in the soil was no- 
where noticed, when suddenly, on Saturday last, 
a tremendous rainstorm raged over the whole 
island, the excess of water injuring to a cer- 
tain extent the can planted in the lower lands, 
especially, and compelling several of the fac- 
tories which were still operated in the eastern 
part of the country to momentarily suspend 
grinding and also considerably interfering with 
labor in -the fields. 

Output of iievcral Factories. — On the 15th 
inst. factory "Boston," at Banes, province of 
St. Yago de Cuba, had already turned out 
340,000 bags, and the plantations located in 
that of Camaguey had obtained the following 
results : 

"Jatibonico," 116,500 bags of sugar and 700,- 
OOxi gaiions of molasses ; **Stewart," 161,800 and 
1,765,700: "Francisco," 107,500 and 1,056,700; 
"Senado," 111,400 and 1,318,000, and "Luga- 
reno,'* 75,725 and 366.817 respectively. 

Summary of the Last Crop. — According to 
Messrs. Guma & Mejer's last tabular statement, 
1,397,970 tons of j^ugar have been received from 
the 1st of December to June 30th and exports 
during the same period amounted to 1,142,638 
tons. If we are to judge from foregoing re- 
turns, this crop will likely exceed that of 
1906-07, which is, so far, the largest ever made 
in this island, since it aggregated 1,427,673 
tons. 

The crop which is now n earing its end was 
taken off under the most favorable conditions, 
as far as labor and wither are concerned, 
since the former, without being at any time 
exces-iive, lacked at no place and could be ob- 
tained at reasonable prices throughout the 
season ; respecting the latter, it rained but 
little during the first four months of the year 
and grinding suffered on this account only few 
and short interruptions; on the other part, the 
yield of the cane in the sugar houses, as well 
as in the fields, exceeded all the expectations 
entertained at the commencement of the cam- 
paign. 

It will se«m f^trange to some parties that 



despite the large crop and the advantageous 
prices at which sugars were sold throughout 
the campaign, and which averaged 2 5-16 cents 
per pound, for the bulk of the crop, offering 
to producers a fair margin for profits, many 
complaints are board regarding the stagna- 
tion of business on account of the scarcity of 
circulating money. This evil is due to several 
causes, the principal one^ of which are the 
following : 

In accordance with a custom long established 
at most of the largest factories, instead of 
paying off their hands in cash, they liquidate 
their salaries with tickets or bonds, which are 
admitted for cash only at the stores of the 
plantations which issued them ; about 35 or 40 
per cent of the total amount of sugar manu- 
factured to-day in tlie island corresponds to 
the large central factories belonging to Amer- 
ican syndicates; such sugar is exported to the 
United States, where it is sold; but of the 
proceeds of same only .whatever amount may 
be necessary to cover the preliminary expenses 
for the next crop comes to this island, the bal- 
ance being divided among the foreign share- 
holders of the different companies which own 
the plantations. 

The same may be saiu respecting the Cuban 
principal railroads, whose proceeds mostly go 
to England; those of the Electric Street Rail- 
way Company, which are remitted to Canada 
and the United States, as well as those of a 
large number of the leading cigar and cigarette 
factories, many tobacco plantations, fruit and 
truck farms, the mineral ores, the telephone 
company and many other important concerns, 
which follow the same way ; if, besides the 
large amounts periodically sent abroad for 
the payment and sinking of the loan made -to 
exclusively pay off the Cuban army, the pro- 
ceeds of all the most flourishing and productive 
Cuban industries are remitted abroad, never 
to come back, it is no wonder that there should 
be in the island a great scarcity of circulating 
funds. T. D. 



Mexico. 

(SPECIAL CORKB8PONDBKCB. 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

The new sugar house of the Vicente Alonzo 
estate, in the State of Morelos, which was 
partially completed for the recent sugar season, 
will be entirely finished for the coming season, 
and the output of sugar of superior quality will 
be heavy. The factory will be one of the larg- 
est and roost noodem in Morelos, the most im- 
portant sugar State of Mexico. The machinery 
is from the house of Mirrlees, Watson & Co., of 
Glasgow. 

The Tabasco Plantation Company, ow^ning 
the big Oaxaquena plantation on the Isthmus, 
is now building eighteen miles of railroad to 
give its properties direct conection with the 
Tehuantepec National Railroad. The line ex- 
tends along the Santa Lucrecia river and con- 
nects with the Tehuantepec at Kilometer 117. _ 

The Utah inen who a few years ago secured 
a concession for beet sugar factories in Mexico 
have evidently abandoned their plans, as noth- 
ing has been heard of the project for many 
months. It was proposed to establish the first 
factory in the State of Mexico and later erect 
others in other sections of the Republic, oon- 
ceming the beet sugar project El Haoendad 
ceming the beet sugar project El Haoendado 
Mexicano, the Mexican sugar journal, in its 
current issue says: **We have heard it said 



that an American company had the intention 
of establishing a beet sugar factory not very 
far from the capital, cultivating the beet as is 
done in the United States. As we have said sev- 
eral times, the cultivation of the beet can be car- 
ried out, but the manufacture of beet sugar, no. 
In a country like Mexico, where coal costs $22 
a ton, and to produce steam (and more is needed 
than for cane), either coal or oil is necessary, 
as in the manufacture there is no bagasse, 
there will be an absolute loss, sufficient to pro- 
hibit the cultivation of the beet for the elabora- 
tion of sugar. We believe that the gentlemen 
who came to Mexico for the purpose of studying 
this question are now convinced of what we 
have just said, and have decided to abandon 
this business for something else more pro- 
ductive.'' 

The Cumuato hacienda, at the eastern end of 
Lake Cfiapala, has been purchased by Manuel 
Cuesta, of Guadalajara, from the Castellanos 
Bros., of that city, for $2,300,000, Mexican 
currency. The Cumuato is one of the big 
properties that will be greatly benefited by the 
Pimentel-Cuesta irrigation system, which the 
Mexican government is backing to the extent 
of several millions. Water from Lake Chapala 
will be supplied to the hacienda, and Mr. 
Cuesta expects to greatly increase the output of 
agricultural products, including cane. 

The Mexican Land and Development Com- 
pany has been organized to irrigate and col- 
onize 60,000 acres of land in the State of 
Oaxaca, adjacent to the Tehuantepec and Pan- 
American Railroads. George W. Decker, of St 
Louis, Mo., is president; W. W. Wilmington, 
of Rock Island. III., vice president; F. B. Deck- 
er, of Enid, Okla., treasurer, and H. S. Pulse, 
of St. Louis, Mo., secretary. The land will be 
colonized with Gennan and Russian farmers 
from the United States. Cane will be one of 
the principal products, and at the sti^rt this 
will be sold to nearby factories, but eventually 
a sugar plant will be erected, according to the 
plans. The first colonists will be brought to 
Mexico this fall. 

Work now in progress by the Yaqui Land 
and Water Company, a $15,000,000 coijcem, in 
which John Hays Hammond and Harry Payne 
Whitney are largely interested, will result in 
placing 84,000 acres of Sonora land under irri- 
gation within the next year. Eleven miles of 
main canal and twenty-seven miles of primary 
laterals have been completed, and there will 
be twenty-two additional miles of primary later- 
als, 100 miles of secondary laterals and 375 
miles of tertiary laterals. The water supply 
comes from the Yaqui river, xne company 
controls about 600,0v.v» acres of Sonora Inad, 
and a great deal of this will be irrigated and 
sold in small tracts to colonists. Considerable 
irrigated land has been already disposed of to 
settlers. Aztec. 



British Quiana. 

( SPECIAL C0BBB8P0NDBK CS. ) 

Demerara, July 10, 1909. 
Editor Louisiana Planter: 

Markets. — Sales of sugar for export to Can- 
ada have been made, delivery up to September, 
at prices eciual to about $2.30 net in George- 
town per 100 pounds. Sales of small lots for 
local consumption are being made at $2.35 to 
$2.45 per 100 pounds. Rum market continues 
steady, and sales in London and Liverpool show 
an average net value per gallon 40 O. P. in 
Georgetown of 45 cents. 



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73 



Weather and Cultivation. — During the early 
part of the fortnight showers were moderate 
and weather favorable to growing crops-. On 
the 4th instant heavy rains set in and during 
the past four days have registered from three 
to five inches. Weather has been dull, with an 
absence of bright sunshine. The canes due for 
October, ^^ovember and December reaping are 
short and backward for age, and are not grow- 
ing with the vigor usual at this period of the 
year. It is quite evident that yield of sugar 
during the last quarter of the ytar will be 
considerably short of the usual average. Hot, 
forcing weather, with occasional show^ers, would 
best suit the needs of growing crop*;. Young 
cultivation is being established and tilled under, 
more or less, disadvantageous conditions, and 
the scarcity of labor in many districts renders 
it quite impossible to keep weeding work in 
hand. 

Rice. — The area of rice being planted is less 
than u£ual, and weather has begn against the 
preparation and planting of land, especially in 
districts where drainage is poor. 

WhITIISO & RiCHTER. 



having been absorbed the market clos.»s distinct- 
ly steadier, with a slight hardening of prices. 
A good trade has been done in English sugars, 
which are unchanged in value. Continental 
sugars have sold a little more freely, but there 
is no quotable change in price. Crushed and 
chips are in gobd request at late rates. Prices 
are steady and unchanged. — Produce Market 
RevieWj July 10. 



Sus^ar in London. 

From the Board of Trade figures for June 
it would seem that the demand has again been 
largely supplied from the invisible stocks, 
which, though still considerably above the nor- 
mal, do not now present such an alarming ap- 
pearance as they did a few weeks back. The 
home consumption figures for June certainly 
show a considerable falling off compared with 
last year, but this is owing mostly to the gen- 
eral upsetting of figures of the last four months, 
though even under ordinary circumstances no 
one could have expected any favorable results 
from the month just past, as the weather 
throughout was absolutely opposite to that re- 
quired for even normal consumption. The ef- 
fect of the shortened summer season can hardly 
fail to make itself felt on the rate of diminution 
of the visible supplies, and whereas earlier in 
the season it looked as if the balance of stocks 
at the close of the present campaign would be 
unusually small, it is hardly likely now that 
such will be the case, at any rate to the full 
extent expected. Under these somewhat altered 
conditions, however, the market remains re- 
markably steady, and though at times a little 
selling has caused the value of beet to decline, 
a cessation of the same has at once brought 
about a recovery. From the reports of the 
growing crops on the continent it would appear 
that the weather has been mostly favorable, 
though in France the absence of sunshine and 
warmth is deplored. The condition of the cane 
crops presents no fresh feature, though com- 
plaints of rain as delaying the Java crop are 
continued ; on the other hand the canes in Cuba 
seem to Be receiving the necessary moisture, and 
the prosx)ects remain favorable. As regards 
cane sugar on the spot, the demand for brown 
refining kinds remains dull, but it is difficult 
to obtain offers of these kinds to arrive later 
on, and there is apparently little afloat. Gro- 
cery sugar has been quiet, both for soft and 
crystallised descriptions, but prices are un- 
changed. The imports of crystallised raw to 
London for the week ending 8th inst. amount- 
ed to 1,610 tons, and for this year to 27,421 
tons, against 25,353 tons in 1908. 

The refined market has been quiet owing to 
the rather heavy tenders of granulated made 
on the first day of the month, but this sugar 



Sus^ar in London. 

The week has again been uneventful, but 
there has been a better demand from the trade, 
and prices have hardened in some cases. There 
have also been one or two short periods of 
activity in the speculative market, but it has 
proved a difficult matter either to raise or de- 
press prices, and there is consequently little 
change to report. The better weather reported 
from many of the European beet growing coun- 
tries has as yet had little effect on the roots, 
and the crop remains behind that of last year 
in every important respect. Each season re- 
cently, however, has been as late or even later 
than its predecessor, and it has become usual 
nowadays to look for the best weather in Sep- 
tember or even October. From this point of 
view the best season for the crop is still some 
way ahead, and there is plenty of time for 
the present backwardness of the roots to be 
made up. The publication of the figures of 
the Cuban production all ports for the month 
of June really marks the close of the crop, 
but there are still a few central factories at 
work, and with this additional quantity the 
output will after all fully come up to the heavy 
production of 1907. The w^eekly figures pub- 
lished of the Cuban receipts do not show this by 
100,000 tons, but the inclusion of the "all 
ports*' figures gives the result alluded to above. 
The American markets have become quiet, and 
New York prices are barely maintained. The 
meltings by the American refiners continue at 
a high figure, but at the present rate of work- 
ing they can count on nearly three months 
stock of raw sugar. At their present ideas 
of value, which are much below that of Europe, 
they may experience some difficulty in supply- 
ing themselves in the late autumn with cane 
sugar from outside sources, but as the quan- 
tity under American control grows larger year 
by year, so the quantity of beet from Europe, 
and "what may be termed free cane sugar, re- 
quired, grows less. There is little to report 
respecting the cane crops beyond the fact that 
Java has been suffering from too much rain, 
but Cuba and other tropical countries seem 
well satisfied with the progress made. As re- 
gards business in refining sugar, actually landed 
here or destined for the United Kingdom, there 
has been little disposition to trade, but in the 
absence of pressure to sell there is little change 
in value. Grocery kinds have also met witn 
less inquiry than of late, but here again hloders 
are firm and prices are maintained. The im- 
ports of crystallized raw to London for the week 
ending the 15th inst. amounted to 7 tons, and 
for this year to 27,428 tons, against 25,373 
tons in 1908. — Market Review, July 17. 



during the last turee or four years, namely, 
that in spite of all reports to the contrary 
anthrax has not been completely stamped out 
in regions where it foremrly has been most pre- 
valent. 

We are convinced that the liberal use of 
anthrax or charbon vaccine has largely limited 
the disease, but we were sure that when vac- 
cinations ceased anthrax would once more be- 
come widespread. Dr. Liautard wrote from 
Paris in the Atnerican Veterinary Reviexc sev- 
eral j'ears ago that anthrax had not been 
eradicated, and gave a warning that vaccina- 
tions should be continued. The experience of 
this present spring and summer confirms his 
views. If you have any further information 
that you can give us concerning the epizootic of 
the disease we would be very much obliged. 

We enclose literature relating to anthrax or 
charbon, also to blackleg vaccinations. 

We remain, very truly yours, 

I*A8TEUB Vaccine Co., Ltd. 



Charbon in Southwestern Louisiana. 

i>EW York, July 22, 1909. 
Editor Louiiiana Planter: 

We have read with ereat interest the article 
in the issue oi the Plaktek of July 17th, en- 
titled **Charbon in Southwest Louisiana.*' This 
article proves the contention that we urged 



Trade Notes. 

Kracke & Flanders, — It is well at this season 
for planters to consider the purchase of steam 
pipe drum and boiler covering for their steam 
radiating surfaces such as exist in all ipodem 
and up to date sugar factories. Steam insula- 
tion has practically become a science within th^' 
past decade and with the present low prevailing 
prices there is hardly any excuse for not adopt- > 
ing one of the many good non-heat conductors. 
Sugar planters are probably not aware that 
steam insulating materials are cheaper than 
has ever been known in the history of steam en- 
gineering and this during a period of otherwise- 
high prices for commodities and necessaries of 
life. It is well for our planter friends ta 
seriously consider this, for Messrs. Kracke & 
Flanders honestly say they believe that a re- 
vival of business conditions will bring about a 
change that means a material advance in cost 
of raw material. 

Their extensive stock of asbestos goods con- 
sists practically of all grades and makes of 
steam insulation, and with their many skilled 
mechanics they consider themselves capable of 
doing all contract work intrusted to them with 
neatness and dispatch and at the most reason-- 
able figrures consistent with good material and 
workmanship. For many years their trade has 
been supplied with the well known Standard 
Express sectional covering. It is pliable and 
elastic, will not crumble or disintegrate and is 
subject to continuous use besides being abso- 
lutely fireproof. They also handle asbestos 
air cell, 85% magnesia, hair felt, etc. It will 
be to the benefit of the planting fraternity to 
consult with Messrs. Kracke & flanders for 
anything in this Une, as also lead and oil paint, 
roofing material, lining and sheating papers, 
etc. 



The Boell Cane Hoist- 

The firm of Kracke & Flanders, 715 and 
717 Perdido street, have for many years been 
introducing the well known and extensively used 
Boell 6ane hoist, better known as gallows hoist, 
for loading sugar cane from carts to cars. This 
device is now in use on nearly all of the large 
sugar plantations having locomotive equipments 
for handling their crops. It is so extensively 
used that it is hardly necessary to further ex- 
patiate on its merits. Messrs. Kracke & 
Flanders can supply the planters requiring 
either repairs or entire hoists and carr>' a full 
complement of the apparatus at their store, 715 
and 717 Perdido street. 



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[Vol. xlill. No. 5 



New York. 

(STAFF CORBB8PONDENCE.) 

Everything is still very quiet in sugar circles 
here. Some very strenuous work has been done 
by the members of the machinery and engineer- 
ing fraternity to get some motion out of the 
several "good things" which have been held in 
ftbeyance for some time. So far as we can 
loam there was no response. They simply won't 
move and are just as much in the air as ever. 
Those most interested in seeing these things 
move are now wondering whether or not they 
are of the '*heavier than air" variety. It is 
generally felt that the time is about passed for 
anything further of any magnitude to develop 
in the construction line. The projects which 
have gone through and the orders which have 
been placed have filled up the shops pretty well 
for this season, so that it is doubtful if deliv- 
eries could be made on much of the standard 
equipment in time for the next grinding season, 
even though the orders should be placed at once. 
The failure to bring down some of the plums 
the trade have been working for is attributed 
to financial conditions. It seems to be impossi- 
ble to raise funds at this time for new under- 
takings in the sugar field. One reason for this 
at present is the excellent opportunities bow 
offered investors right here in American securi- 
ties. 

The demand for small lots of miscellaneous 
equipment for repair work continues on a fair 
scale. The boiler manufacturers are getting n 
good share of this business and in this connec- 
tion we understand that the Babcock & Wilcox 
Company, of this city, are getting some very 
ndce orders for their water tube boilers. This 
fs especially gratifying because it indicates thai 
at the better estates, where their tubular boilers 
are giving way, they are replacing them with 
the more economical water tube type. This 
movement in the direction of obtaining better 
economy and efficiency in the steam plant is a 
very proper one and very important. 

The manufacturers of pumps are getting a 
goodly share of the repair business now passing 
through. Chas. T. Henry, of 141 Broadway, 
reports some very satisfactory business in thit> 
line. Mr. Henry has also just closed a deal in- 
volving some ^0,000 worth of valves, but we 
understand this is in connection with municipal 
work. 

The Bundy department of the American Radi- 
ator Company, 104 W. 42d street, New York, 
of which Mr. D. J. Lewis is the manager, is 
having excellent success in placing the Bundy 
Steam Traps in the large sugar estates through- 
out Louisiana and the tropics. An order for 
seven Bundy Traps has just been booked through 



Baeurle & Morris, of Philadelphia, for shipment 
to a large central in Santo Domingo. Ship* 
ment has just been made of four large traps to 
Central Coloso, in Porto Rico. Mr. A. E. 
Jones, who is traveling among the sugar es- 
tates in the tropics, has just opened an agency 
at San Juan, Porto Rico, for the American 
Radiator Company, Bundy department. The 
postoffice address is box 501. 

Mr. Lewelyn Hughes, administrator of the 
Central Soledad, Cienfuegos, Cuba, has ' been 
visiting uis friends in town, stopping for a 
few days while on his way to Europe. He is 
taking his annual vacation and knowing of the 
big year he had on the estate his many friends 
hope that his trip will prove a most beneficial 
one. 

Mr, Hector Dillinger, who is the Mexican 
representative of Marcus Mason & Compnay, of 
New York and Boston, has returned to New xork, 
after a nine months' period of successful 
hustling in Mexico. He looks for a most pros- 
perous season in both the coffee and sugar 
business when he returns in the fall. 

Mr. T. J. Lanigan, chief engineer of the 
Central Ansouia, Santo Domingo, arrived in 
town this week, coming via Jamaica. He has 
nothing but good reports concerning the last 
season and states that some extensions may be 
made before the next grinding begins. 

A. D. Keech, son of Mr. A. W. Keech, the 
prominent sugar plant engineer of Honolulu, H. 
I., is visiting many of his father's friends in 
this city. He is a bright young man, about to 
enter the University of Pennsylvania, and is 
making a good impression among the sugar plant 
engineers upon whom he i» calling and paying 
his father's respects. 



New York. 

New York, July 23, 1909. 
Raw prices are 1.32c higher. Business has 
been good. Cubas and Porto Ricos first sold 
at 3.92. Then came sales of August shipment 
at 3.95, followed by prompt shipment and afloat 
at 3.95. The offerings to-day are 3.98%. All 
refiners are buyers at 3.95. Tne week is end- 
ing with a better market. An advance of 1.32c 
has uten obtained and if trade in refined im- 
proves there is a good chance for another 1.32c. 
The big stocks of refined held by the refiners 
have been lessened. They have needed new raw- 
supplies. They could have remained out of the 
market for quite a while and used the raw 
stocks they have placed in warehouses, but they 
have considered it more advantageous to pay 
an advance and get new sugars that can be 
melted as they arrive and meet current require- 
ments, 'i'ne stocks of raws they are carrying 
are needed to help them in their position as 
buyers and to keep the market from getting 
away from them. As between buyer and 
seller to-day conditions are equal. The refiners 
have stocks to maintain, a current demand to 
meet and a future demand to anticipate. The 
sellers must contend against a large world's 
visible supply and a curtailed demand because 
of dull business. Prices will follow the adjust- 
ment that is made between the supply and de- 
mand, and if that points the way toward an 
advance quotations will take that path. To- 
day the situation is encouraging. The arrivals 
of niws are coming in decreased volume; 
weather conditions have held back sugars in 
Java and are interfering with the progress of 



the European beet crops, and best of all, busi- 
ness to-day is bigger and there are indications 
of continued improvement. The market is 
showing more life than has been apparent in 
a long time. 

The London market has been steady. A 
slight advance has been gained in the last two 
days. Beets for this month's delivery are 
quoted at equal to 4.21 New York, next month 
at 4.21, and October-December new crop at 
4.09. January-March, 1910, is quoted at 4.12. 
The weather on the continent has been rainy 
and too cold. The tests made in the fields show 
the percentage of sugar to be far behind what 
it should be at this season. 

The news from Cuba this week states that 
five factories still remain in operation. The 
production so far has been carried to 1,410,000 
tons. The cane in the ground for next year's 
crop is in good condition. 

Refilled ISugar.— The A. S. R. Co., New Or 
leans, this morning advanced prices ten points 
to net basis 4.85, less 1 per cent cash. A ten 
point advance by New York refiners is con- 
fidently expected, possibly next Monday morn- 
ing, if not before, at the market opening. All 
New York refiners would sell to-day, net basis 
4.75, less 1 per cent cash; the A. S. R. Co., 
Howell, Arbuckle and Warner seven days' delay 
to jobbers, manufacturers thirty days' delay. 
The Federal will sell to jobbers and manufac- 
turers shipment as wanted within twenty-eight 
days, assortment fourteen days after date of 
purchase. 

M. G. Wanzor & Co. 



The Stauffer CaneQear. 

We give herewith an illustration of what is 
known as the Stauffer cane gear, a very popu- 
lar type of plantation cane wagon which is in 
use not only throughout Louisiana, but in many 
other cane sugar producing countries. It is pnt 
on the market by Messrs. Stauffer, E2shleman 
& Co., of New Orleans, and the sales of it are 
constantly increasing, locally and elsewhere. 
They desire us to call special attention to the 
fact that last season they received such an 
immense number of ordens for this cane gear 
during the last few weeks prior to the grinding 
.season that they were unable to fill them and 
they suggest that those who contemplate pur- 
chasing from them this year be kind enough 
to place their orders a little earlier than was 
the case last season in order to avoid the con- 
gestion of business which then occurs. Mr. E. 
H. Pedeaux, the affable manager of the plan- 
tation implement end of Stauffer, Eshleman & 
Co.'s bu>iness, will be glad to give full in- 
formation to all inquirers and explain to them 
the many advantageous points of this type of 
cane gear. 



Personal. 

L. A. Blouin, Esq.. of Lafourche parish, was 
in the city on one of his periodical visits dur- 
ing the past week. 

Mr. Oscar Bourg, manager of the extensive 
plantations of the Kenil worth Sugar Estatfs 
Company, was in New Orleans during the latter 
part of the week on a brief visit. 

Mr. M. Billeand. of Broussard. La., was reg- 
istered at the Cosmopolitan hotel on Thurcdav 
last. 



STAUFFER CANE GEAR 



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75 



Weston Centrif us^als. 

Philadelphia, July 24, 1909. 
Editor Louisiana Planter: 

In your issue of July 3rd you print an article 
on Weston Centrifugals, which the writer does 
not feel willing to pass unchallenged as to some 
of its statements in regard to the adoption of 
the steel supporting frame, which is claimed as 
originating in Scotland ; as that form was made 
by the writer in 1893 and continuously since, 
whereas the Scotch makers show in their cata- 
logue the steel frame only in 1900. 

In 1870 the writer found himself the suc- 
cessor of Merrick & Sons, the sole manufacturer 
and licensee of the Weston Centrifugal In the 
United States. Soon after this date the first 
safety curb was made by the writer as the re- 
sult of an accident from the bursting of a 
basket in a New York refinery, and this con- 
struction became universal as a precautionary 
measure. 

The construction of the mixer in sections, 
each accomodating two machines, permitting 
of convenient additions to the number and en- 
abling the parts to be made in standard multi- 
ples, followed. 

The driving of a centrifugal by a motor 
either electric or hydraulic, can hardly be con- 
sidered as an economical application of power 
aside from tlie original cost over the belt driven 
type. 

Yours very truly, 

Henbt O. Mobbis. 



The Russian Sui:«r Industry. 

The attempt to form a syndicate of Russian 
sugar producers and sugar refiners has now 
definitely failed, despite the efforts of the ma- 
jority of the merchants concerned. The fail- 
ure to bring the negotiations to a satisfactory 
conclusion is due mainly to M. Brodsky, the 
leader of Rusfiian sugar producers, who could 
not see his way to join the proposed syndicate. 
The chief bankers refused to accord their sup- 
port to the project immediately it was known 
that M. Brodsky would not join the combine. — 
London Glohe, July 7. 



Sus^ar In Porto Rico. 

The sugar crop for 1909 in Porto Rico is 
estimated at from 205,000 to 225,000 tons, 
which indicates that very great advances have 
been made in the output during the past seven 
or eight years. The probable limit of sugai 
production in the island is generally placed at 
about 500,000 tons. It is assumed, however, that 
the latter figure will be reached less by in- 
creasing the area now planted with sugar cane 
than by the introduction of improvements in 
machinery and existing plants. An association 
of sugar growers, with an experiment station, 
is to be formed, and preparatory work on an 
extensive system of irrigation, involving sev- 
eral thousand acres of land, has been started. 
There are now three central factories in Porto 
Rico which use twelve roller mills, and an- 
other is in course of erection: — Demerara 
Chromcle. 



Los Alamitos, California. 

(STAFF COBBSSPOirDBMGS.) 

Editor Loui9iana Planter: 

Los Alamttos, Cal., July 22, 1909. 

Beets are now arriving by rail from Buena 
Park and the Peatlands, while the sheds at the 
factory are being filled by team. 

Slicing is scheduled for the 23rd and a long 



campaign is in prospect from the largest acre- 
age in the history of the factory here. 

Carloads of limerock from Riverside, fuel 
oil from Los Angelos, coke from Georgia, also 
sugar bags are arriving daily and many car- 
loads of sugar, sugar beet pulp and molasses are 
being shipped. Rusxicus. 



Beet Suzmr by SUtes. 

BT JESSE H. BUFFUM. 

The importance of beet sugar in its present 
status, particularly when compared with what 
it has sprung up from during a decade or so in 
this country, and in view of an expansion that 
is as unquestioned as it is possible, makes it 
almost obligatory upon us to understand the 
sources of the present beet output as dis- 
tinguished by the various States to-day con- 
tributing to the domestic production. Little by 
little the acreage in the United States is in- 
creasing, one by one new States are engaging in 
the business, and to-day eighteen States grow 
sugar beets for profit, sixteen of them have 
sugar factories, owned and operated by thirty- 
four companies, individuals or corporations. The 
beet belt extends across our entire continent, 
with New York making refined sugar on the 
east, to Oregon, Washington and California on 
the Pacific slope. 

A comprehensive idea may be gained of the 
size of this business by taking the definite re- 
sults of a recent year, where we can see at a 
glance what beet sugar is doing in a single sea- 
son. Having the most accurate figures for 
the year 1908-09, we will take that campaign 
as an example, though the last run was prac- 
tically identical in output, so far as can be de- 
termined at the present writing. 
The Beet Sugar Making Season of 1908-09. 

Short Sugar 
tons produced. 

No. of beets short 

States — factories, sliced. tons. 

California 9 625.000 90.000 

Colorado 16 1.252,320 115,000 

Idaho 4 221,375 26.212 

^f ichigan 16 720.000 90,000 

Utah 5 403,000 45,500 

Wisconsin 4 120,000 16,500 

Illinois. Iowa, Kansas, 
Minnesota. Montana, 
Nebraska, New York, 
Ohio. Oregon, Wash- 
ington, one factroy 

each 10 316,926 38,032 

3,658,621 421.244 
We do not revive old history when studying 
the constantly changing conditions of this in- 
dustry. Indeed, one must have been a very 
constant reader of our trade publications in re- 
cent years to keep posted on what is transpir- 
ing. Twelve or thirteen years mark the only 
tangible development of beet sugar making in 
this country. In 1896 there were six beet su- 
gar factories in operation, with one in process 
of construction, with a total slicing capacity of 
4,000 tons of b^ets every twenty-four hour day. 
In 1908 there were 64 factories, with a total 
slicing capacity of 50,000 tons of beets daily — 
more than a twelve-fold increase. In 1896 
41,000 acres of beets were harvested in the 
United States, while in 1906, ten years later, 
376,000 acres of beets were "pulled" and sold 
to the factories. As to the price of these 
beets— in 1898 the farmers jsold 864,000 tons of 
beets and received for them a grand total of 
$1,564,000. Eight years later, in 1906, 4,236,- 
OOOtons was the amount sold, for which a cash 
payment of $21,604,000 was made. In twelve 



years the combined factories paid out for beets 
to the farmers $121,000,000 cash. 

To gauge our appreciation of present facts, 
glance up the scale from beet sugar's begin- 
ning. About 560 short tons of beet sugar was 
made yearly from 1879 to 1887; in 1891 the 
quantity was 6,000 short tons; in 1892, 13,460 
short tons; in 1893, 22,344 tons; in 1807, 
45.260 tons; in 1899, 81,729 ton?; in 1901, 
184,606; in 1903, 240,604; in 1906, 483,000; 
in 1907, 500,000 tons, and in 1908, the same 
amount, possible slightly higher. All things 
considered, beet sugar production for the latter 
year reaches its highest i>oint, the beets at the 
factory being worth to the farmers, $45,000,000. 

The reader is naturally interested in learn- 
ing something of the acreage devoted to sugar 
beets, by states, the tonnage produced, and the 
pounds of sugar manufactured, so the follow- 
ing table is given ^ covering these points for a 
single year: 

Arizona 3,000 

California 55,.500 550,000 147,950,000 

Colorado 110,000 1,100,000 229.090,000 

Idaho 18,500 148,000 41,670,000 

Illinois 1,000 6,000 1,200,000 

Kansas 12,000 111,000 23,310,000 

Michigan 81,500 570,500 148,900,000 

Minnesota 4,000 23,000 4,660,000 

Montana 3.000 24,000 4,900,000 

Nebraska 17,500 122,500 23,«500,000 

New York 4.300 38,700 7,900,000 

Ohio 6,000 48,000 9,950,000 

Oregon 3,400 21,000 4,360,000 

UtaS 28,600 229,000 48,000,000 

Washington ... 4,100 22,000 5,500,000 

Wisconsin 17,900 161,000 32,500,000 

The United States government grouping of 
the 46 states, for agricultural divisions and 
showing the number of factories in each group, 
is as follows: 

Group 1. The New England States; no fac- 
tories: 

Group 2. Connecticut, New York, New Jer- 
sey, Delaware, Pennsylvania; 1 factory. 

Group 3. Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, 
the two Carolinas; no factories. 

Group 4. Georgia, Florida, Ohio, Indiana, 
Illinois; 2 factories. 

Group 5. Aiichigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, 
Iowa, Missouri; 22 factories. 

Group 6, North Dakota, South Dakota, Ne- 
braska, Kentucky; 2 factories. 

Group 7. Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, 
Louisiana, Texas; no factories. 

Group 8. Oklahoma, Arkansas, Montana, 
Wyoming, Colorado; 16 factories. 

Group 9. New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, Ne- 
vada; 5 factories and 3 slicing stations. 

Group 10. Idaho, Washington, Oregon, Cal- 
ifornia; 16 factories. 

In 1906, the two states of California and 
Colorado alone, with 36 per cent, of the fac- 
tories, had over 45 per cent, of the beet acre- 
age, grew 51 per cent, of the total tonnage, 
and produced over 53 per cent, of the total 
l>eet sugar in the United States — showing the 
special grouping sometimes given by beet sugar 
men. 

Forming another group, to include these two 
named states, and also those of Oregon, Wash- 
ington, Idaho, Utah, Montana and Arizona — the 
grand Northwest group — eight in all or just one- 
half of the beet producing states, we find that 
they have 57 per cent, of all the factories, 
61 per cent, of the acreage, about 68 per cent, 
of the beets, and nearly 71 per cent, of the 
total beet sugar product in this country. 

As to the dollar value of all this product, 
the following statistics will show the enormous 



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earning power of the sugar beet. This is the 
record for 1908: 

California $4,500,000 

Colorado 7,500,000 

Idaho 1,300,000 

Illinois 100,000 

Iowa 150,000 

Kansas 300,000 

Michigan 5,000,000 

Minnesota 445,000 

Montana 450,000 

Nebraska 150,000 

New York 200,000 

Ohio • 225,000 

Oregon 150,000 

Utah 2,500,000 

Washington 75,000 

Wisconsin '. 650,000 



America could produce all her own sugar. 
An arta suited by actual tests to the produc- 
tion of sugar from the beet, and the successful 
culture of that crop, extends from the Atlantic 
to the Pacific, and from Montana on the north 
to Texas on the south. Lyons, N. Y., has the 
♦easternmost factory, while Hamilton City in 
California has the factorj' farthest west. The 
present number of beet sugar making plants 
is not in the least indicative of the future pos- 
sibilities of the industry ; but one may gauge 
his estimate of the legitimate acreage of this 
country by reference to the map showing the 
distribution of the sugar beet area. In the fol- 
lowing table is given the location of every beet 
.-ugar factorj^ in the United States: 



table showing the location of beet sugar factories in the u. s. 

Daily (24 hrs.) 
Owners. Location. Cap'y Tons Beets. 

Southwestern Sugar and Land Co Glendale, Ariz 800 

Alabama Sugar Co Alvarado, Calif 800 

Los Alamitos Sugar Co Los Alamitos, Calif 700 

Spreckles Sugar Co Spreckle.^, Calif 3.000 

Union Sugar Co Betteravia, Calif 1,000 

American Beet Sugar Co Chino. Calif 900 

American Beet Sugar Co. Oxnard, Calif 2,000 

Pacific Sugar Corporation Visalia, Calif 400 

Pacific Sugar c-orporation Corcoran, Calif 600 

Sacramento Valley Sugar Co Hamilton City, Calif 700 

Southern California Sugar Co Santa Ana, Calif 600 



American Beet Sugar Co Rocky Ford, Colo. 

American Beet Sugar Co Lamar, Colo 

American Beet Sugar Co Las Animas, Colo. 

Holly Sugar Co Holly, Colo 

Holly Sugar Co Swink, Colo. 

National Sugar Mfg. Co. 



1,100 

600 

700 

600 

1,200 

. .Sugar City, Colo 500 

~ ~ 600 

600 



Great Western Sugar Co Eaton, Colo. 

Great Western Sugar Co Greely, Colo. 

Great Western Sugar Co Loveland, Colo 1,200 

Great Western Sugar Co New Windsor, Colo GOO 

Great Western Sugar Co Longmont, Colo 1,200 

Great Western Sugar Co Fort Collins, Colo 1,200 

Great Western Sugar Co Sterling, Colo 600 

Great Western Sugar Co ^ Brush, Colo 600 

Great Western Sugar Co Fort Morgan, Colo 600 

Western Sugar and Land Co Grand Junct., Colo 600 

Utah-Idaho Sugar Co Idaho Falls, Idaho 1,200 

Utah-Idaho Sugar Co Sugar, Idaho 1,200 

Utah-Idaho Sugar Co Blackfoot, Idaho 600 

Utah-Idaho Sugar Co Nampa, Idaho 750 

Mf. Chas. Pope Riverdale, 111 350 

Iowa Sugar Co Waverly, Iowa 500 

United States Sugar and Land Co Garden City, Kans 600 

Michigan Sugar Co Bay City, Mich 600 

Michigan Sugar Co Caro. Mich 1,200 

Michigan Sugar Co Alma, Mich 750 

Michigan Sugar Co Carrollton, Mich 800 

Michigan Sugar Co. ; Sebewaing, Mich 600 

Michigan Sugar Co Crosswf 11, Mich 600 

West Bay City Sugar Co West Bay City. Mich 600 

Holland Sugar Co Holland, Mich a50 

Owosso Sugar Co Owosso, Mich 1,200 

Owosso Sugar Co Lansing, Mich 600 

German- American Sugar Co Sta. A Bay City, Mich 650 

Mt. Clemens Sugar Co Mt. Clemens, Mich 600 

Menominee River Sugar Co Menominee, Mich 1,200 

St. Tiouis Sugar Co St. Louis. Mich 600 

Continental Sugar Co Blissfield. Mich 600 

West Michigan Sugar Co Charlevoix. Mich 600 

Carver County Sugar Co Chaska, Minn 600 

Great Western Sugar Co Billings, Mont 1,200 

American Beet Sugar Co Grand Island, Neb 350 

Lyon«5 Beet Sugar Refining Co Lvons. New York 600 

Continental Sugar Co Fremont. Ohio 400 

Amalgamated Sugar Co La Grande, Ore 400 

Amalgamated Sugar Co Logan, Utah 600 

Amalgamated Sugar Co Ogden. Utah 400 

Amalgamated Sugar Co T>ewiston, Utah 600 

Utah-Idaho Sugar Co Lehi. Utah 1,200 

Utah-Idaho fiugar Co ♦Springville. Utah 1,200 

Utah-Idaho Sugar Co ♦Spanish. Fork, I^tah 1,200 

Utah-Idaho Sugar Co ♦Provo. Utah 1,200 

Utah-Idaho Sugar Co Garland, I^tah 1,200 

Washington State Sug^ir Co Waverly, Wash 500 

Wisconsin Sugar Co Menomonee Vails. Wis 500 

Chippewa Sugar Co Chippewa Falls, Wi.s 600 

Rock County Sugar Co Jant'sville. Wis 600 

Unitpd States Sugar Co Madison, Wis 600 

Representinff a total investment of over A total of IG States. 
«100,000,000. 
♦Slicing Stations only. 



50,000 Tons 

Beets Daily Cap'y 



The eighteen states where beet sugar is pro- 
duced on a paying scale, extending across a 
continent, present a formidable array from 
coast to coast. They have created a proven 
zone wherein the sugar beet can be success- 
fully grown as well as be profitably converted 
nto sugar of the finest quality. The scoipe 
of the industry in its present day status argues 
well for its gigantic future predicted by all 
who are conversant with the facts. Each 
state where sugar is "grown*' (which is a per- 
fectly proper term, since sugar is made in 
the leaves of the beet and merely extracted by 
man) has added to its agricultural and indus- 
trial history in a very romantic way, because 
of its fostering of the sugar business, and it 
would delight thfe author to describe in this 
connection every detail of how the industry 
has grown by commonwealths. It is possible 
only to briefly refer to the status of the in- 
dustry in each state, however, giving the great- 
est prominence to those states that excell in 
best sugar production. 

COLORADO. 

Colorado leads all other states in sugar pro- 
duction. In a single year she stood two and 
a half million dollars* worth ahead of her 
nearest competitor of that season, Michigan. 
Sixteen factories distributed in three im- 
portant agricultural sections of the state, con- 
tribute to her immense wealth. These fac- 
tories are owned by five companies, several 
of whom have factory holdings in other states. 
Indetid, the rise of beet sugar is due to the 
energy, foresight and incalculable sagacity and 
thrift of capitalists than to any other in- 
fluence. Without them the armers and would- 
be beet growers could could never come into 
their own. The farmers never build factories, 
though occasionally they try to; and the his- 
tory of Colorado in its relation to this great 
industry has been made by a few men who 
would not let go. 

All the beet sugar factories of this state 
have been built since the year 1901, with 
the 'exception of the first plant, which ran 
its maiden campaign in the year 1899, at 
Grand Junction, in the extreme western part 
of the state. It was not thought at that 
time that other portions of the state were 
suitable for beet production, and the matter 
of possible expansion was given but little at- 
tention. The industry in Colorado, then, is 
but a few j'ears old. It was first induced by 
the Chamber of Commerce securing from the 
United States government 1500 pounds of beet 
seed, and negotiating for its planting and sub- 
sequent culture. Most of the sugar making 
plants have been built during the past five 
years. This is now the leading agricultural 
industry of the state, farmers and laborers 
receiving in a single year the vast sum of 
$12,750,000 for producing, on 150.000 acres, 
2,100,000 tons of beets which made enough 
white sugar to supply the United States west 
of the Mississippi river — making, of course, a 
broad guess. Thirty-two thousand field labor- 
ers are required to cultivate and harvest the 
beets of this state, which has been enriched 
in ten years $100,000,000 by their laborers. 

The Loveland factory was the first to be 
built in northern Colorado, which is the prin- 
cipal beet area of the state. This factory — 600 
tons daily capacity — sliced beets from 57,000 
tons of beets that year, and it was supposed 
that the whole territory of northern Colorado 



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77 



was adequately covered by this one plant. 
So positive was this belief that when the 
(Jreely factory was instigated, it was feared 
that overlapping of territory would result and 
disaster follow. To-day there are nine factories 
in that same territory, which eight years ago, 
it wajs supposed was thoroughly covered by the 
one plant at Loveland. Their total slicing ca- 
pacity is nearly three-quarters of a million 
tons. A subsequent event of great commercial 
importance was the consolidation importance 
was the consolidation, just a few years ago, of 
the six companies operating these antagonistic 
factories, and all that immense business is done 
under the one name of the Great Western 
Sugar Company, with headquarters at Denver. 
This concern owns and operates nine beet 
sugar making plants in northern Colorado, 
purchasing beets from 75,000 acres, handling 
in one sugar making season three-fourths of 
a million tons of beets. This concern can 
grind 7,500 tons of beets every 24 hours, and 
make 145.000,000 pounds of sugar a year, worth 
over $7,000,000. 

MICHIGAN. 

Michigan is classed with those eastern states 
which are distinct from the Great Northwest 
Group, because they have no irrigation. Thus 
the democracy of the sugar beet. Rainfall and 
irrigation areas alike, both produce an ex- 
cellent quality of sugar beets; although in the 
matter of purity of juice and general sugar 
content of the beet root, some of the western 
states with their peculiar climate are slightly 
in the lead. But the beet sugar business is 
so profitable in Michigan that she has sixteen 
factories making just a§ good sugar as can be 
produced in any other state. 

The Michigan sugar industi^ has experienced 
vicissitudes. But it must be admitted in the 
same breath that to-day, having built splen 
didly on those ups and downs, she operates 
her sixteen plants effectively enough to turn 
out a tvfniendous product of sugar; and to 
stand, in some respects, ahead even of her 
contemporary — Colorado. Colorado does not 
import crude sugar to refine during the in- 
terim between campaigns, but Michigan does; 
Colorado does not practice pulp drying, but 
Michigan herself introduced the scheme. 
Michigan, too, is as much concerned with the 
water problem as her sister state, but her 
concern is to drain her lands the while Col- 
orado is flooding hers. 

The first factory in Michigan began its 
operations in the year 1899. The forests of 
that great state were gone, and those men who 
were the stable backbone of the state's indus- 
tries, lent anew their courage and wealth to 
the soil from which they had reaped a rich 
harvest in denuding its timber. The real be- 
girming of the industry dates from an European 
trip made by a representative of these men, 
who went for the purpose of thoroughly in- 
vestigating the conditions surrounding the great 
sugar industry of the parent countries — Ger- 
many and France and Austria-Hungary. This 
man came back convinced that the Saginaw 
valley was perfectly adapted to the culture 
of this crop. Ims occurred in 1897; and up- 
on his return the investigator laid the matter 
before his as-sociate^ in Bay City. An arrange- 
ment was mcKle with some farmers to grow 
beets, then a factory went up at Bay City, 
and it ground the crop of 1898. The follow- 
ing year companies were organized and fac- 
tories erected at Alma, Benton Harbor, Hol- 



land, Kalamazoo, Rochester and Caro, together 
with a second one at Bay City. Within two 
years after the inception of this business in 
Michigan, some $4,000,000 was invested in the 
beet sugar industry, in that state. By 1905 
a total of 23 factories had been erected. Ow- 
ing to ill-advised locations and, in instances, 
hasty promulgation, six of these factories sus- 
pended operations and were removed to other 
states, where they are working successfully. 
The original locations of these factories were 
as follows : Benton Harbor, Kalamazoo, 
Rochester, Tawas, Saginaw and one at Bay 
City. With one exception, the remaining fac- 
tories — all in profitable operation, are in the 
southern half of the state. 

It was a happy day when a number of the 
Michigan sugar factories consolidated, organiz- 
ing into one coherent whole. Several had 
been heavily over-capitalized, and a number 
were working at sixes and sevens, competing 
for raw material, recognizing no reasonable 
division of interests. One of the best results 
of this cohesion uas beep the assured and reg- 
ular market for the finished product, as a 
dependable market is one of the prime factors 
in the sugar business. 

The output of the Michigan factories in a 
single year is valued at nearly nine million 
dollars. The acreage of the state is sometimes 
as high as 101,520, from which the 16 fac- 
tories can manufacture 181,440,000 or 90,720 
tons of fine white granulated sugar. For the 
above acreage of beets with an average ton- 
nage, the farmers of the state receive annually 
$i,860,000 in clear cash. To work up Michi- 
gan's crop of beets requires about 180,000 tons 
of coal. At least two -thirds of this comes 
from Michigan mines. To clarify the beet 
juice, 50,000 tons of Michigan limestone is 
used. The entire limestone output of the state 
is consumed by the Michigan beet sugar fac- 
tories. Then, it takes 5,000 tons of coke 
to burn this stone. Three hundred thousand 
barrels, valued at $135,000 dollars, and one 
million double sugar sacks, valued at $100,000 
must be supplied to ship the Michigan sugar 
in. The sixteen factories, employing an aver- 
age of 300 hands apiece during the run, pay 
$1,000,000 a season for help. The people of 
the state eat $9,000,000 worth of their own 
sugar annually, and this money is kept within 
the .state. Ten companies own the sugar plants 
of Michigan. There is but one idle fact<?ry in 
the state. 

CALIFORNIA. 

It was at a time when sugar on the Pacific 
coast was costing tne consumers fifteen cents a 
pound that E. H. Dyer built his sugar factory 
at Alvarado — the first to be erected in that State 
and the first on this continent to successfully 
operate. Immediately the enemies of independ- 
ent sugar production reduced the price of the 
commodity to seven c<mts per pound, to "put Mr. 
Dyer out of business." Mr. Dyer, however, 
like the Colorado men already referred to, 
wouldn't let go, and that factory has been in 
successful operation for more than thirty years, 
while around it have sprung up nine other beet 
sugar making plants, to attest the sagacity and 
industry of the pioneer. Today, the Los Ala- 
mitos Sugar ('o. is producing white refined 
sugar made from beets within 22 miles of Los 
Angeles, which fact spans a wide, romantic 
stretch of sugar history on the Pacific slope. 

With a single exception, California has the 
largest sugar factory in the world, at Spreckles, 



and this state has two of the largest in this 
countrj'. No other factory in the United States 
equals the Spreckles plant in size. So far as the 
writer can ascertain, California has within its 
borders the most profitable factory in all this 
country, showing up with a higher purity of 
beets, a larger tonnage to the acre, a higher 
sugar content, and a lower operating expense. 
California has large plants, averaging much 
larger than the other fifteen states. It has one 
3,000-ton plant, at Spreckles; one 2,000-ton 
plant, at Oxnard; one 1,000-ton plant, at Bet- 
teravia; and one 9, two 8, one 7 and two -600- 
ton factories. Five out of Colorado's 16 plants 
are 1,000-ton capacity, but all her others are of 
the 600-ton size. California built a new fac- 
tory for the campaign of 1907-08, and still an- 
other new one for tne run of 1909-10, making 
a total of ten splendid factories. The plant at 
Watsonville has not been in operation recently, 
owing to another factory having absorbed its 
acreage. With the exception of those at Visalia 
and Hamilton all the California beet sugar fac- 
tories are ranged along the coast contiguous to 
the ocean. Most of the plants have been en- 
larged, and the beet acreage has been on the 
increase, which accounts for the gain and growth 
of this industry in the Sunkissed State. This 
does not mean that California has been without 
her vicissitudes ; on the contrary for a time fac- 
tory construction went ahead of assured beet 
production, creating a grave danger, which, for- 
tunately, has not materialized. Two factories 
are in the inland basin between the coast ran^e 
of mountains and the range east of them — 
namely, Visalia and Chino — and irrigation is 
employed to meet the very different conditions 
from what prevails on the extreme coast line. 
California, indeed, has a great diversity of con- 
ditions for the sugar beet to contend with, as 
in some parts rainfall is depended on while other ' 
areas in the same State employ irrigation. 

The success of the beet sugar industry in 
California has not been due to absence of com- 
petition. On the contrary there are two large 
refineries, one belonging to the Spreckles es- 
tate, located at San Francisco; the other, a 
Japanese refinery, at Crockett, located on San 
Francisco Bay, thirty miles above the city of 
that name. The Spreckles, however, are also 
interested in beet sugar and have large hold- 
ings in some of the latter class of plants. It 
was Claus Spreckles who sent beet seed east 
over the mountains into New Mexico, Kansas 
and parts of Colorado, in an effort to interest 
the fanners in the production of this crop, pure- 
ly for their own benefit and good. The two 
refineries referred to import raw sugar from 
the Hawaiian Islands, about 450,000 tons, and 
some from Cuba, Java and other places. The 
two refineries are in competition. One handles 
practically the entire output from Hawaii, no 
sugar being refined in those islands. 

The factory at Chino was the second to be 
built in the State. It is located in a fertile 
coast valley, east of Los Angeles. The Oxnard 
plant, under the same management, that of the 
American Beet Sugar Company, which has hold- 
ings in Colorado, is an enormous factory, and 
one of the most profitable in the entire country. 
Just south of Los Angeles is another factory, at 
Los Alamitos; and in the northern part of the 
State is yet another, in the new town of Ham- 
ilton, so named for the prime mover in that fac- 
tory project. His company, mostly southern 
California gentlemen, own many thousand acres 
of fertile land in the Sacramento valley, which 



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is ideal for beets. The big factory at Spreckles, 
down the coast 118 miles from San Francisco, 
was damaged in the earthquake, but its run 
was not interfered with. In 1888 California 
produced 1,910 tons of beet sugar; in 1898 it 
was 18,086 tons; while ten years later still it 
reached the figure of approximately 75,000 tons. 

UTAH — IDAHO 

There is a geographical as well as commercial 
reason for grouping these two important sugar 
States together, for practically they comprise 
one vast sugar beet area quite distinct from 
other sections of the country. Besides, they are 
two of the richest producing sugar States we 
have, at least so far as proportion goes. 

The history of these two States is that of 
the pendulum from one extreme to the other. It 
was not many years ago — in fact, scarcely more 
than half a decade — that Utah and Idaho had 
to send out of their borders $2,000,000 every 
year for the sugar consumed by the populace. 
To-day more than four . times the home con- 
sumption is manufactured within the two States 
and sent out to the very marts where their 
money formerly went for the purchase of that 
commodity now exported. This after supplying 
the home demand, mind you. Two million dol- 
lars kept at home, and four millions brought in 
to be distributed among the beet growing farm- 
ers and laborers. Such history spells industrial 
romance. Ten factories rear their walls within 
the confines of these two States, grinding the 
beets raised by seven thousand farmers. These 
factories will in one year grind 700,000 tons of 
beets, for which they will pay the farmers near- 
ly four millions of dollars, in addition to paying 
their factory employes $750,000. 

The combined factories of this group have a 
total yearly output of at least 150,000,000 
pounds of clear granulated sugar, representing 
a value of $8,000,000, at the prevailing price. In 
the southern part of one county alone, in Utah, 
farmers raised sugar beets to the value of half 
a million dollars in one season. Their beets 
went to a single factory, which paid out addi- 
tionally $100,000 for labor. The story of beet 
sugar in these two States can not be better told 
than to take for example a representative season 
and show the results. 

The nine factories, located at Ogden, Utah; 
Logan, Utah ; I^ewiston, Utah ; Lehi, Utah ; 
Idaho Falls, Idaho; Sugar, Idaho; Blackfoot, 
Idaho, and Nampa, Idaho, ground, within an 
outside limit of 120 days, 599,000 tons of beete 
produced on 48,100 acres of land by 6,700 grow- 
ers, who received for their beets $2,775,000 in 
ca?h. 

Utah was the third State in the Union to 
enter upon the production of beet sugar, and 
built a factory at Lehi in 1891. Five factori«« 
are now within the State, controlled by two 
companies, the Amalgamated and the Utah-Idaho 
concerns. The Utah-Idaho Sugar Company is 
the principal factor in this two-State group, 
and in addition to their four plants in Idaho, 
have two in Utah — at Lehi and Garland, with 
three tributary slicing stations, one each at 
Springville, Spanish Fork and Provo. 

In the year 1907 an important deal was con- 
summated whereby several independent concerns 
were consolidated, the Western Idaho Sugar 
Company, the Idaho Sugar Company and the 
Utah Sugar Company being merged into the 
new "Utah-Idaho Sugar Company," now one of 
the most important concerns in the United 
States. The Snake River Valley Sugar Com- 



pany was also included in this deal, and con- 
tributed its plant at Blackfoot, Idaho. 

THE TRANSCONTINENTAL TEN 

Stretching clear across the North American 
continent, within the confines of the United 
States, is ranged a string of ten sugar bearing 
States that typify an industry national in scope. 
We have shown the several important groups 
of beet sugar States with their wonderful ag- 
gregate productions, but the story of the strug- 
gling individual States, where the sugar beet is 
K^lowly gaining a firm foothold, is even more 
romantic still. From the Atlantic State of New 
York on the extreme east, westward through 
Ohio, Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, Kan- 
sas, Arizona, Montana, to Washington and Ore- 
cron on the extreme west, the sugar beet extends 
from the Atlantic to the Pacific slopes, belting 
a contin<»nt. Each of these ten States — the 
Transcontinental Ten — has one beet sugar fac- 
tory, and each State expects to prove that its 
pioneer plant is the nucleus of a great and ex- 
pansive industry that in the near future shall 
stand in the front rank commercially and indus- 
trially. 

New York's plant is at Lyons, and was built 
in 1900, with a 600-ton capacity. Ohio has a 
small factory, at Fremont, of 400-ton capacity, 
built in 1900. Illinois erected her plant in the 
year 1905, building a 350-ton factory at River- 
side, near Chicago. It is one of the few plants 
owned by a private individual — Mr. Chas. Pope. 
Iowa has a factory at Waverly, the machinery 
coming from Michigan in the year 1907, which 
makes it of recent date. Up North, in Min- 
nesota, at Chaska, there is a 600-ton factory, 
built in 1906. Nebraska had at one time two 
beet sugar making plants, the one at Leavitt, 
however, being idle for the past few years owing 
to lack of co-operation on the part of the farm- 
ers. The Grand Island factory, you can see 
by looking at the map, gets its beets mostly 
from the west end of the state, but few beets 
being raised in the immediate vicinity. Kan- 
sas has a flourishing factory, at Garden City, 
where unusually large investments have been 
made by the sugar company operating the plant 
there. This concern owns about 27,000 acres 
of land, as well as gigantic lakes as reservoirs, 
and a quarter of a million dollar pumping plant 
for purposes of irrigation. The factory, of 600- 
ton capacity, was built in 1906, and when erected 
was the most modem in the world. The Arizona 
factory, at Glendale, near Phoenix, the capital, 
was reopened for the campaign of 1909 after a 
few years' shut down caused by lack of acreage. 
It is now in successful operation, with a ca- 
pacity of 800 tons daily. Getting up north 
again, at Billings, Montana, there is a large 
factory of 1,200 tons capacity, erected in the 
year 1906. This is owned by the Colorado 
company, operating nine factories In the latter 
State — the Great Western. Washington, with 
its 500- ton plant at AVaverly, built In 1899, and 
Oregon, having a 400-ton factory at La Grande, 
erected in 1898, completes the circuit of the 
Transcontinental Ten, with its imposing phalanx 
of factories. Space forbids a delineation of the 
picturesque struggles of each of these ten States 
in the unfaltering effort to establish the beet 
sugar industry firmly in their soil; but they 
have one and all succeeded, and that tells the 
story well enough. 

THE GROUP or ONE 

Wisconsin can properly bold hands with Mich- 
igan, geographicaly speaking, but' she can claim 



enough importance to be given a place of her 
own. With her four factories she is a de- 
cided and important unit in the 16-link chain of 
sugar States. 

Something over fifteen years ago when inves- 
tigations for beet growing were being made by 
a number of State experiment stations, Wiscon- 
sin was among the most energetic; but when 
other stations had ceased their activities because 
of proven feasibility, this State kept right <m 
with her research and experiments. To-day she 
is frankly ranked as one of the important sugar 
States. There is a factory of 500 tons daily 
capacity at Menominee Falls. The company 
owning this plant soon put up another one at 
Chippewa Falls, capacity 600 tons. At Janes- 
ville there is a successful factory of 600-ton 
capacity, built in 1904, and a fourth plant is 
located at Madison, uuilt in the year 1906, with 
a 600-ton capacity. Taking a representative 
season, Wisconsin produced results as follows: 
With an acreage of 17,990 acres, she grew a 
total tonnage of 161,000 tons of beets, making 
82,500,000 pounds of white sugar, worth nearly 
three-quarters of a million dollars. 

This is the story by States, telling where beet 
sugar comes from. 



Las Vegas, New Mexico- 

(SPECIAL CORBXSPONDBKCB.) 

Editor Lofctsiofu* Vlanler: 

Las Vegas, N. M., July 24, 1909. 
The New Mexico Indians employed in the 
Colorado beet fields have completed their work 
and returned to their respective homes. Ralph 
T. Collins, wno has charge of the Indian labor 
for the government at JRocky Ford, ha« sent a 
carload of Indians, about eighty-five in num- 
ber, back to Santa Fe and Albuquerque, and 
another car of about the same number to 
Gallup, N. M. They were mostly of the 
Navajo and Zuni tribes. Mr. Collins had 230 
Indians in the best fields this season. Beet 
thinning is practically finished in that section. 
Of the Indian laborers that were there about 
fifty will stay until the beets are harvested. The 
American Beet Sugar Company has thirty em- 
ployed on their ranches there and the rest will 
go on their ranches near Las Animas. 

Bakeb. 



Beet SuztLT Notes. 

The United States Department of Agricul- 
ture, in its annual report on the domestic 
beet sugar crop, reports that the 1908 beet 
sugar crop reached 3,416,000 tons. The en- 
tire beet crop of 19<^^ averaged a sucrose con- 
tent of 15% per cent. 

The Sanilac Sugar Refining Co., of Cro»- 
well, Michigan, has sone 600 foreigners at 
work in the beet fields this season. 

Farmers around Nunda, New York, are 
engaging this year for the first time in sugar 
beet culture, raising the beets for the fac- 
tory i^t Lyons. 

Personal. 

Mr. Jos. T. Badeaux, of the Lower Lafourche,, 
was in the city during the later part of the 
week and made his headquarters at the Hotel 
Monteleone. 

Mr. C. F. Knoll, one of the largest cane grow- 
ers in the northern part of the Louisiana sugar 
belt, was in the city on Thursday. Mr. KnoU 
stopped at the Cosmopolitan hotel while here. 

Mr. E. F. Dickinson, of the Georgia planta- 
tion, was in New Orleans on Tuesday. Mr.. 
Dickinson expects to be abseat for a short while 
at various Eastern resorts. 



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July 31, 1909.] 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



79 



Jgly 30th. 

bUGAR. 

Clarifibd — 

SS' Test 

Plantation Granulated. . . . . 

Choice White 

Off White 

Choice Yellow 

Prime Yellow 

OlfYeUow 

Seconds 

Opbn Kettle Centrifuqal, 
Old Process Open Kettle. 

MOLASSES. 

3pbn Kettle Centrifugal* 
3ld Process Open Kettle • 
Centrifugal 

CANE SYRUP. 



WEEKLY MARKET REPORT. 



1909. 



July 24 



4 (e4>6 

3K^4 

Nominal 
- @ - 



Nominal 

@ 
None 

None 



July 26 



— @395 

4Mte4A 
4Avs4A 

4 @4>^ 
3%rfl^4 

Nominal 



Nominal 
None 
None 



July 27 



@3 98>i 



Nominal 

- @ - 

Nominal 

- @ - 
None 

None 



July 28 



- @398>^ 

4h|4J^ 
4>i@4A 
4iVvg4A 
4W@4A 
3^«4A 
2^@3?i 

Nominal 



Nominal 

~ @ - 

None 

None 



July 29 



- @398>i 

- (d - 

- @4^ 
4^@4A 

4A^ — 
4V5f(§4A 

Nominal 



Nominal 

- @ - 

None 

None 



July 30 



Sam Dar Latt Taar 



- @398>i 

- (^ - 

4K^4A 
4A@ - 
4A(ft4A 
3^ (^4^ 
2Ji@3% 

Nominal 

- rc^ - 

Nominal 

- ^ - 
None 

None 



- @4>i 

- (S - 

- (B - 

4ti@ - 
4Aia4fi 
4V4(a4>^ 
25i@4>t 

4 @4>^ 

- @ - 

None 

- (^ - 
Nominal 

None 



Tona af Harkat at 
data af Waak. 



Steady.- 



Nominal. 



NomlnaJ. 



OTHB.R MARICBTS. 



New York : 

Centrifugals. 96^^ 

ICasoovado, 89° 

Molasses Sugars, 89°. . .. 

Qranulated 

8tandardA 

London: 

Java, No. 15 D. 8 

A. and Q. Beet 

Cubes 

XXXX Powdered 

Standard Powdered 

Fruit Powdered 

Coarse Powdered 

Standard Fine Qranulated. 
Standard Fine Qranulated 

ia 100-lb. sadca in b«lk 

Confectioners Candy A . . . . 



@3 95 
@ 
@ 

@4 75 
@4 60 



lis. 
lOs. 



Sd. 
6d 



@3 95 
@ - 
@ - 
^i 85 
@4 70 



lis. 
iOs. 



3i. 
6d. 



^3 9814 
(^ - 
@ - 
(§4 85 
@4 70 



lis. i^d. 
iOs. 8>^d. 



@3 98>^ 
@ - 
C^ - 
@4 85 
@4 70 



lis. 4>^d. 
IOs. 8>4d. 



@3 98>i^ 

@ - 
@ 

@4 83 
^4 70 



lis. 4>^d. 
IOs. 7>^d. 



- (&S 98>i 

- @ - 

- @ - 

- @4 85 

- @4 7J 



Us. 
IOs. 



4>id. 
8i4d. 



(g4K 
(Q - 
@ 

(c»5 20 
^5 06 



128. -d. 
IOs. B^d 



Kawh Firm. 
Prices full up. 



KKriNi* 1^ 
Good demand. 



CANK—Flrm 
but quiet. 

Bkc'i- Firm 
and ratlier 
de irer. 



NEW ORUBi^IVfi REHIIVED. 



— @5 15 

- (g5 05 

- (^5 00 

— @5 00 

— @5 00 

- @4 90 

— @4 90 

- @4 9J 



@6 16 


@5 06 


@6 00 


^6 00 


@6 00 


@4 9J 


@4 00 


@4 90 



- @5 15 

- @5 05 
^6 00 

- @5 00 

- ^§5 00 

- <g4 90 

- @4 90 

- @4 90 



(§5 15 
@5 05 
@5 00 
@5 00 
@6 00 
@4 90 


@4 90 
@4 90 



^6 15 
(§5 05 
@b00 
@5 00 
@5 00 
@4 90 


@4 90 
(§4 90 



@6 15 
@6 05 
^5 00 
@5 00 
@5 00 
@4 90 


@4 90 
@4 90 



($5 50 
@5 40 
(36 35 
@5 35 
(§5 35 
@5 25 

@5 25 
(§5 25 



Very steady. 



STOCKS. 

At four ports in the United States to July 21, 1909 342,127 Tod ( 

At four ports of Qreat Britain to July 1,1909 lll,i>uo •• 

At Cuba, six ports to July 20, 1909 154,(00 •' 



RacHpts sad Satoa at Naw Orto 



Reoeived . 
Sold 



OS, for tha waak aadlnff July 30, 1909. 

' 8\igar . Molasses 

Hhds. Barrels. Barrels. 

- 9,937 2,797 

- 12,932 2,797 



Racalpta and salaa at Naw Orlaana frooa Sapt. 1, 1909, to July 30, 1009. 

Sxiiar— > Molaas«t 

Hhds. Barrels. Barrel ( 

Received - 1,741,388 275,437 

Sold - 1,702.096 275,037 

ReoeiTod same time last year .... — 1,864,25 1 263,259 



RICE. 

ftOUQH. per bbl. 
Honauras 



Japan 



CLEAN, per lb. 
Honduras: 

Head 

Straights.... 
Screenings . • 
No. 2 



Japan : 

Head 

Straights... 
Screenings . 
No. 2 



Bran, per ton . . 
Polish, per ton. 



July 24 



Nominal 
Nominal 



4 @eH 

3 @4 

2 @2K 

2 @ 



3 @Sh 
- @ - 
2 @2^ 
2 8- 

22 00@ - 
27 00@28 00 



July 26 



Nominal 
Nominal 



4 @6K 

3 @4 

2 @2M 

2 @ - 



3 @83i 
- (8 - 
2 ®2H 
2 (8 - 

22 (0@ - 
27 00(^28 00 



July 27 



Nominal 
Nominal 



4 @6>i 
3 @4 
2 @2M 

2 (8 - 

3 @9H 
- « - 
2 @2Ji 
2 (8 — 

22 00@ - 
27 00@28 00 



July 28 



Nominal 
Nominal 



4 @SH 

3 @4 

2 ®2H 

2 @ - 



3 «33i 
- @ - 
2 @2)i 
2 (8 - 

22 00@ — 
27 00@28 00 



July 29 



Nominal 
Nominal 



4 @m 

3 @4 

2 @2>< 

2 8- 

3 83^ 

- e - 

2 82M 
2 8- 

22 008 — 
27 00828 00 



July 80 



Nominal 
Nominal 



4 86« 
3 84 
2 82>^ 
2 8- 



3 833i 
— 8 — 
2 82K 
2 8- 

22 008 — 
27 00828 00 



Hame Day 
Last Year 



4 0084 50 
Nominal 



5 @7>< 
3^84^1 
3>^.^3K 

2M@25i 

3«84« 
- 8 - 
3 (§SH 
23i82?6 

17 50821 50 
26 60829 CO 



Ton ) of Market 
at close of week 



Hondurx^. 
Nominal. 



Japan 
NomlnaL 



Hon>"atti 
Steady. 



lapao Steadjr, 



llooDfpU thna flar this week...< 
AeooiptaUiiMCiar thin Mason. . 



fUoolpio dortnc same time last year. 



R.eo«lpts A.nd 8A.l«a A.t N«w Ortoaas. 

Sacks Rough. Poekets of Glean I Sacks Kouvh 

1.588 L10« Sales thus tbis Week (including mlllcn' receipts). t,/i02 

L382,S83 860,888 Sales thus fiar tbU Season, 1,106.768 

1.100,880 671.800 1 Sales daring same tlms Jjast Tear 1,116,278 



6,487 

I iiLogs 



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«o 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xUIi, No. & 



WANTS 



We will publish in this column free of charge 
until further notice, the applications of all man- 
agers, oyerseers, chemists, sugar-makers and oth- 
ers who may be seeking positions, and also the 
wants of planters and sugar manufacturers de- 
siring to employ any of these. 

These adyertisements wlU be inserted until 
they are pushed out at the bottom of the column 
by the influx of new adyertisements at the top. 
ijdy advertiser may haye bis advertisement re- 
inserted anew, however, if he will write it out 
again and send it in to us. 

We cannot undertake to forward by mall replies 
to the advertisements in this column, even though 
postage be supplied, and, to secure publication in 
the issue of the succeeding Saturday, they must 
reach us not later than Thursday morning of 
each week. 



HELP WANTED. 



WANTED a first class open kettle syrup and 
sugar maker. None but first class need apply. 
Must come well recommended. Address Post 
Office Box No. 22, White Castle, Louisiana. 

7-30-09 



WANTED thoroughly competent plantation 
manager for large established sugar plantation In 
Mexico. State age, experience, qualifications and 
salary expected. Give references. Address 
"Mex," In care of this paper. 7-19-09 

A couple to take charge of a boai^llng house. 
Prefer couple where man can attend to a small 

farden and cows and woman run boarding bouse, 
or particulars address P. O. Box P, Eagle Lake. 
Texas. 7-10-09 



WANTED two assistant sugar boilers. Ad- 
dress TH08. C. Gltnn, Chamberlain, I^a. 

7-14-09. 



ONE assistant engineer, one clarifier man, one 
head centrifugal man, who can bring four good 
centrifugal men with him. Address Lafybttb 
SnoAB Ref. Co., Lafayette, La. 7-7-09 

TWO sugar boilers for Cuba. Apply with ref- 
erence. L. J. S. 2829 Bell St., New Orleans, La. 

e-30-09 



WANTED Sugar house engineer for 500 tons 
factory in Porto Rico, to make repairs and al- 
terations, and take off crop. Apply stating age, 
experience, references and salary expectations. 
Knowledge of Spanish desirable, but not essen 
tlal. Some knowledge of draughting is also de- 
sirable. Must be available about Sept. 1. Apply 
to Post Office Box No. 1 — Patillas, Porto Rico. 

6-80-09. 



ONE conip«»te \t chemist with cane exoerienoe. 
Must thoroughly understand chemical control. Three 
assistant chemisis^ Wanted for thf" c *miog Loulsl- 

St. Cbai{fe<« Ave., 



ana crop. F. P. BRE^iXM \Kr, 1 
JNew O leans. 



6-25^. 



CUEV1I8T, for Mexico. Appiicants please state 
college training and practical experience. Also s^il- 
ary expected. Muit report Dec. Isi. Address Q,uil- 
liBR, care of The Louisiana Planter («-17-09 



ERECTING engineers for Pratt Imperial sugar 
mill machinery; must be capable machinists with 
experience both in shops and in the field. Ad- 
dress with references Pratt E^nginkbbing ft Ma- 
chine Co., Atanta, Ga. 6-9-09 



. A MAN to sell sugar-house paints and mill sup- 
plies. Must have acquaintance and experience. Ad- 
dress Paintr. care of the Lottisiana Planntbr, 
M9 Curondelet St.. New Orleans. 6-8-09 



SUGAR BOILER for coming season. Plant two 
million capacity. References especially as to qual- 
ity of sugar and extraction. Thorough knowledge 
of cinriflratlon. Address P. O. Box 146, White- 
castle. La. 5-4-09 



SITUATION WANTED. 



A POSITION for the coming season, by an ex- 
perlpnced cane weigher, and will bring a bunch 
of hands to right party who wants them. D. A. 
You.NG, Montpeller. La. 7-31-09 



POSITION as assistant chemist for the coming 
Louisiana crop. Have had several years' ex- 
perience In cane, and have also had experience In 
refinery work. Can furnish urst class recom- 
menviatlons upon request. Address P. O. Box 
No. 22, White Castle, Louisiana. 7-30-09 



WANTI*n> position by a woman with two 
daughters, to cook and run a hoarding house on 
any sugar plantation In T>ouIslana. Address 
Mary Fell, 500." Tchoupltoulas St., New Orleans. 

7-27-09 



BY a first class carpenter, strictly sober and 
honest, wants a position on plantation. Can set 
machinery and work from plans and specifica- 
tions. Also can make plans. Very handy around 
machinery. Also conld take charge of colored 
labor, work as assistant overseer. Can speak and 
write French and English fluently. Best refer- 
ences. .Addresi? E. Branchard, 3511 Baronne 
St.. New Orhans. 7-30-09 



POSITION as assistant overseer on a sugar 
plantation. Am 18 years old and have nearly 
three years' experience with cane. Have a fairly 
good working educntlon. Can furnish excellent 
references as to character, energy and ability to 
take responsibility. Willing to go anywhere. Ad- 
dress W. L. Petty, Bunkie, La. 7-30-09 

A POSITION as sugar weigher or sugar house 
clerk. Experienced and canable. Address H. W. 
Packwood, Clinton, La. 7-29-09 

THOROTJGKLY experienced railroad engineer 
desires position to run locomotive on a planta- 
tion the coming season. Address P. O. Box 16, 
Magnolia, Miss. 7-29-09 



POSITION as ofHce or store manager on sugar 
plantation. Good accountant, thoroughly famil- 
iar with plantation and sugar house records. 
Good correspondent. Now employed by a local 
firm as general bookkeeper. Married. Will ex- 
pect reasonable salary. Address B. O. K.. 1513 
N. Miro St., New Orleans, La. 7-28-09 



A SUGAR boiler with many years* experience 
In refined and raw-sugar is open for engagement 
In beet or cane sugar factory until December 15. 
.\ddress J. S., care Cully, 366 Degraw St., Brook- 
lyn, N. Y. 7-29-09 



AN educated young man with experience in the 
laboratory work of a very large refined sugar 
plant, is anxious to locate anywhere as assistant 
to a chief chemist, or as assistant chemist. Will- 
ing to accept modest salary to gain more expe- 
rience. References furnished. Address L. G. P.. 
1043 N. Rampart St., New Orleans. 7-29-09 



POSITION by a young man as time keeper, 
clerk in gents* furnishing goods, grocery store, or 
commissary. Fine In figures. Sober. Speaks 
both French and English. Can furnish refer- 
ences. Address J. B. liEjBUNE, Thibodaux. La. 

7-27-09 



AM open for engngement as superintendent for 
sugar house and alcohol factory. Specialist for 
fermentation of cane-molasses. Expert Distiller. 
R. E. Grievexberg, Chemist, Ansley, Mlsslssinpl. 
U. S. A. 7-26-09 



WANTF3D position for the coming season, by 
a first class all-around sugarhouse man to operate 
the Llllle or Standard effects, or as foreman of 
the centrifugal department. Have had many 
years' exnerlence in Louisiana. Texas, Mexico anvil 
Cuba. Will go anywhere. Guaranteed reference. 
Can speak sufficient Spanish for sll working pur- 
noses. Address "W. H.,** 1120 Galennle Street. 
New Orleans. La. 7-26-09 



WANTED by two first class all-around sugar- 
bouse men, positions for the coming seasons as 
first and second sugar boilers. Have had twenty- 
five venrs' experience In Louisiana. Texas Mex- 
'co, Cuba and Porto Rico. Can sneak sufficient 
Snanlsh for worklne pnrnoses. Guaranteed ref- 
»»rences. Address "G. G.." 1120 Galenne Street. 
New Orleans. La. 7-26-09 



I WOT'LD be nieased to communicate with any 
t^erson desiring the service of an assistant sugar 
maker for comine season. Am 36 years of aee. 
and twelve years' service In sugar making. Can 
hamlle two i>ans at once. References ns to abili- 
ties furnished unon request. Jno. C. Hedoepeth, 
Ruston, La., R. No. 1. 



POSITION as as««lstant engineer at a small 
sugar house in TiOuIslana. or as water tender 
Frank At wood, 822 First St.. New Orleans. 

7-22-09 



CHEMIST, with university training and three 
years' nractlcnl experience. Is ooen for engaee- 
ment for coming season. Louisiana or tropics. 
Address. Chemist, care of R. E. Perez. .Te«»ults 
Bend. La. 7-22-09 



POSITION as nlantation blacksmith or wheel- 
wrlght. Hexry Fell. Plaquemine. La. 7-22-09 



GERMAN, university graduate and chemist, 
with severs 1 yenrs* exnerlence in cane sugar mills 
In Java. Fiji and Australia, and thorough knowl- 
*»dge in chemical mill control, desires position as 
first or assistant chemist in Cuban or Mexican 
sugar mill for coming season. At present em- 
nloyod as chemist in American beet sugar factory. 
Al references. Georoe Zinkernagel, Corcoran. 
Calif. 7-22-09 



AS sugar boiler and clarifier. First-class recom- 
n^endatlons If wanted. Address W. G. Hatch. 
Houma, La. 7-19-09 



POSITION as fllrst overseer or manager on a 
sugar plantation by married man 30 years of age, 
with experience In both field and factory. Can 
furnish good references. Address Chas. H. 
Hinckley, Houma, La. 7-20-09 

CHEMIST, graduate, with seven years' experi- 
ence, desires position In cane sugar house. Best 
references. John' Malowan, Corcoran, Calif. 

7-21-09 

A position as second overseer on cane planta- 
tion. Can furnish 100 colored farm hands for 
grinding season. Address C. G. Morgan, Mont- 
peller, La. 7-19-09 



WANTED by experienced plantation bookkeeper 
and office man, Just out of employment, a respon- 
sible position with sugar planting firm. The more 
work the better. References to prominent plant- 
ers. Bond If required. Address A. B. Simmons, 
Chamberlln, La. 7-19-09 



AS assistant chemist or in any other position 
where knowledge of sugar chemistry may be per- 
fected. Have had one year's experience as assist- 
ant chemist in sugar laboratory. Well educated. 
Hnrd worker. Best references. P. O. Box No. 
114. West Point. Miss. 7-19-09 

A Sugar Boiler of 17 years' experience would 
like to get position in Cuba, Santo Domingo. 
Porto Rico or Mexico, as pan man. Understands 
thoroughly boiling raw sugars and boiling back 
low purity goods for crystalizers. etc.. so as to 

fet results ami leave low purity final molasses, 
'p-to-date man. Best references furnished. Ad- 
dress Sugar Cook, Box 353, Donaldson vllle. La, 
7-17-09 

CHEMIST, six years* experience, wants posi- 
tion In tropics. Fair knowledge of Spanish; can 
furnish best of references. Address "Chbmist," 
No. 1311 St. Mary St, New Orleans, La 

7-15-09. 

CHEMIST, three years' experience, thorough 
understanding <of chemical control, open for 
engagement for coming season, willing to go any- 
vhere. References furnished. Avldress Chemist, 
3526 Laurel St.. New Orleans, La. 7-15-09. 

CHEMIST and sugar house superintendent with 
17 years of practical experience In Louisiana 
and Cuba, is open for a position for the coming 
season in Louisiana. Cuba or Porto Rico. Speaks 
rtpanlsh. Best of references. Address B. Horr, 
P. v>. Box 175, New Orleans. 7-15-09. 

POSITION as chief engineer on some sugar 
plantation. Reliable, sober man, 25 years* 
experience and best recommendations. Address 
r.. T. Heberp, Dorceyville P. O.. La. 7-14-09. 

WANTED by a good sugar house engineer 
a position as chief or first assistant, either In 
.Mexico, Cuba or Porto Rico. Avldrese A. D.* 
1622 Erato St., New Orleans, La. 7-14-09. 

BT honest, ambitious and well recommended 
young man, very willing to work, desires posi- 
tion as assistant book-keeper on sugar planta- 
tion, or office assistant by wholesale houses 
In the city. Fine at figures and very good 
with pen. Speaks French and English. Do 
not use liquor or tobacco. Salary no object. 
Please give me a trial. Reference furnished. 
Address Geo. A. Toups, Raceland, La.. 

POSITION wanted for the coming season 
either In Cuba. Porto Rico or Mexico by a 
competent sugar maker thoroughly familial 
with clarification, crystallzatlon, etc. : have had 
experience in the tropics. Speak Spanish for 
working ppurpose ; temperate habits and refer- 
ence furnished. Address Squabb, 1610 San- 
vage St., New Orleans, La. 7-14-09. 

CHEMIST — German college graduate, with 
four years' domestic, foreign and tropical ex- 
perience : at present, chief chemist tor one 
of the largest sugar companies on the coast 
Desires position as chief chemist by October 1, 
1909. Prefers position In South, Central 
America or Mexico, only permanent positions 
considered, give further details by corres- 
pondence. Al references. Address Sofia., care 
of Louisiana Planter. 4 -♦14-09. 



PLACE as cooper, making sugar barrels. P. M. 
Settoast, 726 St. Peter St., New Orleans, 7-S-09 



BBUr/VlOIVT fiBIVfllVARV 

f=H3R YOUINQ L.ADIBS 
Waynesboro. V«. 

In Shenandoah Valley, at the base of the Blue 
Ridge. Altitude. 1.300 feet. Climate, water and 
environment unexcelled. Happy medium between 
northern rigors and southern malaria. All mod- 
em appointments. Full course under trained 
specialists. Conservatory teachers in music. 
Write for catalogue. 



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The Louisiana Planter 

and Sugar Manufacturer 



A Weekly Newspaper Devoted to the Sus^ar, Rice and Other As^ricultural Industries of Louisiana 



Vol. XXXXIII. 



NEW ORLEANS, AUGUST 7, 1909. 



No. 6. 



The Louisiana Planter 

— ANI>— 

Sugar Manufacturer 

OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE 

Louisiana Sugab Planters' Association, 
Amebican Cane Gbuwebs' Association, 
Ascension Bbancu Sugab Plantebs' Association, 
Louisiana Sugab Chemists' Association, 
Kansas Sugab Qbowebs' Association, 
Tbxas Sugab Plantebs' Association. 
Intebstate Cane Gbowebs' Association, 
The Assu^iftion Agbicultubal and Industbial 

Association. 
the LorisiAXA engineebs, chemists and sugab 

MAKERS' association. 



Publlthed at New Orieans, La., every Saturday Morning 

BY THE 

LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR 

MANUFACTURER CO. 

Devoted to Louisiana Agriculture In general, and 

to the Sugar Industry in particular, and In ail 

Its branches. Agricultural, Mechanical, 

Chemical, Political and Commercial. 



eoitobial cobps. 
W. C. STUBBS, Ph. D. W. J. THOMPSON. 

W. W. PUGH. JOHN DYMOND. 



Entered at the Postofflce at New Orleans as 
second-class mail matter, July 7, 1888. 

PBB annum 
Terms of Subscription (including postage) . . .fS.OO 
Foreign Subscription 4.00 

ADVERTISING RATBS. 



Space 1 



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llnoh 

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All communications should be addrened to Thi 
Louisiana Planteb, 339 Carondelet street. New 
Orleans, La. 

LIST OF ORGANIZERS. 



McCAUi Bbothibb, 
McCall ft Lbgindbk, 
Lbon Godchaux, 
James Tellbb, 
B. Lbmamn ft Bbo., 

L.KONCB SONIAT, 

Louis Bush, 
W. B. Bbickbll, 
W. C. Stubbs, 
John Dtmond, 
Daniel Thompson, 
Foo8 ft Babnbtt, 
H. C. Wabmoth, 
Lucius Fobstth, Jb., 
Bdwabd J. Gat, 
Shattuck ft Hoffman^ 
Bmilb Rost. 
Thomas D. millbb, 
Schmidt ft Ziboub, 
T. G. McLaubt, 
Li. 8. Clabk« 
J. B. Lbvbbt, 
Simpson Hobnob, 
W. B. Bloomfibu), 

W. W. SUTCLITFB, 

John S. Moobb, 
James C. Mubpht, 
Jos. WlBBB, 



R. Beltban, 

LUCIBN SONIAT, 

D. R. Caloeb, 
L. A. Ellis, 
Hebo ft Malhiot, 
W. J. Bbhan, 

J. T. MooBB. Jb., 
Edwabds ft Haubtman, 
John A. Mobbis. 

E. H. Cunningham, 

R. VlTBBBO, 
H. C. MiNOB, 
C. M. SOBIA, 
J. L. Habbis, 
J. H. Mubpht, 
Andbbw Pbicb, 
E. ft J. KoCK, 
Wm. Gabig, 
Adolph Mbtbb, 
A. A. Woods, 
Bbadish Johnson, 
Geobgb p. Andbbton, 
A. L. Monnot, 

RiCHABD MILLIKBM, 

W. p. Milbb, 
Lbzin a. Bbcnbl» 
J. N. Phabb, 
JuLBS J. Jacob. 



The Cane Crop. 

.Somewhat diversified reports come from 
the sugar district this week concerning the 
weather conditions. Some localities having 
excessive rainfalls and others ibeing visited 
by only occasionial showers or no rain at all. 
In the majority of cases there seems to have 
been more rain than necessary and dry hot 
weather wo^lld ibe welcome for a time. The 
crop prospects, taken 'by and large, seem to 
be very satisfactory and there is a notable 
absence of any serious complaint. 



I nearly 10 millions of dollars in value, as 
against slightly over 9 millions the year 



before. 



July Weather in New Orleans. 

Dr. I. M. Cline, of the United States 
weather bureau, has issued his monthly sum- 
mary of weather conditions at the New Or- 
leans Station during the month o^ July just 
passed. The average temperatuie of July 
was 83.2 deg. F., which Is one degree high- 
er than the average for July during the last 
t)hlrty-six years and two degrees higher 
than July, 1908. The average maximum 
temperature of the month was 90 F., July 
4th, reaching 96 F., and the 13th and 14th 
94 F. The average minimum was 76.4 F., 
the temperature falling to 72 F. on July 
30, to 73 F. on July Slst, and to 74 F. ou 
July 15th and 24th; 84 F. for July seems 
to be the maximum, nine Julys out of the 
thirty-six having reached that average tem- 
perature. The highest July temperature re- 
corded during the thirty-six years was 102 F. 
and the lowest 66F. The temperature In ex- 
cess of the normal thus far this year aver- 
ages 0.8 degrees F.. or 18 degrees for the 
seven months to July 31st inclusive. 

The July rainfUl was 4.85 inches, against 
an average for this month for thirty-nine 
years of 6.35 inches, and against over 11 
inches of rainfall during July last year. 
In 1874 flooding rains to the extent of 12.93 
Inches were recorded In Jul/. In 1880 the 
rainfall reached 11.22 inches, 11.51 inches 
in 1894 and 10.71 inches in 1901. The pre- 
vailing direction of the wind has been from 
the west and the total movement was 5,351 
miles, with an average velocity of 7.2 miles. 



j Imports of Rice. 

The imports of rice into the United States 
for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1909, 
jwere reported by the Bureau of Statistics 
^ as reaching 4 3-4 millions of dollars in value, 
j against slightly more than the same year 
'before. Wnile we have facilities in the 
United States for producing all of the rice 
needed for the consumption of the country, 
we still find these very considerable imports 
coming in and they are stated to Jbe largely 
composed of broken and other rice, im- 
ported probably for the manufacture of 
beer. In these tariff making days it occurs 
to us that it might be well for our rice 
growing friends to look into these consid- 
erafble imports of tice of less Intrinsic 
value than they produce here and yet which 
comes forward in such considerable quan- 
tities. 



Imports of Sui:ar. 

The imports of sugar into the United 
States for the fiscal year ending June 30, 
have been reported 'by the Bureau of Stat- 
istics in an advance circular as reaching 
in value nearly 97 millions of dollars. B\)r 
the previous fiscal year the value was 
slightly over 80 millions of dollars. This 
year the imports for June alone reached 



SuzAT in the British Bast Indies. 

In this week's issue we complete the se- 
ries of articles written by the Hon. Peter 
Ajbel under the title of "A Tour Through 
India, lEtc.," in which he has taken up and 
thoroughly discussed the sugar industry of 
that great empire which under British con- 
trol manufactures and conmmies five million 
tons of cane sugar within Its own limits. 
•Mr. Peter A'bel's long service in the 'British 
West Indies and particularly as the mana- 
ger of the Great Uslne 'St. Madeline in Trlnl- 
dad makes him one of the most competent 
men in the world to give fair account of 
•the cane sugar industry in the British EJast 
Indies. Mr. Abel had other Interests there 
under consideration, (but he has favored us 
with his contribution to that one in which 
he and we are peculiarly interested and our 
readers will find in the several Issues that 
have contained Mr. Abel's articles a supply 
of East Indian cane sugar data nowhere 
else availaible. 



Modem A^^riculture. 

<^^odern agriculture is fast 'becoming, and, 
in fact, has already 'become, almost an exact 
science. Half a century ago book farmers 
and book farming were regarded with con- 
tempt by the average farmer, and this from 
the fact that at that time book farmers 
failed and book farming was a very de- 
ceptive guide. At that time book farming 



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THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xliil. No. 6 



'was taught in some cases conscientiously 
and with an earnest desire to be of service 
to the agricultural community. The trouble 
then was that some of those interested had 
some slight knowledge of the subject mat- 
ter whereof they wrote, but still a very im- 
perfect knowledge, and. writing in degree as 
though they were well informed, committed 
some outrageous errors that were quickly 
discerned by the farmers and even by those 
without any book learning. 

All this has now changed and modem 
biological studies have shown the close re- 
lations subsisting between all formp and 
shapes of living things. We now find that 
the life of plants shows in its transmis- 
sion all of the phases of heredity, and many 
reversions to earlier forms. Plant life and 
animal life are so closely related that the 
line of demarkation is scarcely distinguish- 
able, and, in fact, is in dispute. We have 
plants with what seems to be a digestive ap- 
paratus, capable of the solution and as- 
similation of food, and we have animal life 
?iving in active movement In its early his- 
tory, as the spats of oysters, and yet sub- 
sequently inert and immovable, as any plant 
growing In the soil 

That great Missouri statesman, William 
Hatch, for many years chairman of the 
Committe on Agriculture of the House of 
Representatives in Washington, builded per- 
haps better than he knew when he framed 
the now famous Hatch bill, which provided 
for national aid to experiment stations in 
^'\ the .States and territories of the Federal 
Union. Mr. Hatch recognized the recondite 
character of the actual work of the farmer, 
how difficult it was to determine what, 
when or why to do things, and appreciated 
the many millions of dollars lost annually 
to the farming community by mistakes In 
the work done, and, of course, done with- 
out adequate knowledge. While it is true 
that in nearly every other direction where- 
in human effort is exerolsed, conditions hall 
a century ago were far behind what they 
are now, yet the teachings of half a cen- 
tury have revealed to us the fact that 
in agriculture we have the most abstruse 
of all sciences and have so many factors, 
controllable and uncontrollable, to consider 
in carrying on agricultural work that as it 
stands to-day the modem agriculturist ap- 
parently ought to be a very scientific work- 
er and able to reduce waste to a minimum 
and to accomplish the greatest amount of 
work and to secure the very best results 
with the least outlay of human effort and 
other expenditure. 

The various experiment stations carried 
on throughout the Federal unioii have 
done their share during the last twenty-five 
y^ars in leading to the wonderful advances 
made in modern agriculture. The Louisiana 
Sugar Experiment Station was one of the 
pioneers in this good work and we iare led 
to believe that the sugar industry- in this 



State would never have secured its present 
proportions had it not been for the aid of 
the station. All these things take time and 
it has taken a quarter of a century for us 
in the sugar industry to progress from the 
old rule of thumb, then prevailing, up to 
the modern methods of intense culture and 
concentrated manufacture. 

Our rice planjting industry in this State, 
which is now the largest in the Federal 
union, and has been progressing by leaps 
and bounds during recent years, is in much 
the same condition as was the sugar cane 



of automobiles is said to have been an ac- 
curate one, and it shows the trend of mod- 
ern agriculture. 

So many persons have left the country 
and gone to the great cities that poverty 
seems to be transporting itself to the cities 
and those who are left in the country are 
now beginning to reap their reward in the 
high prices that are prevailing generally for 
the products of the soil. While sugar does 
seem an -exception to this mle, yet ri<» 
and. corn, the great cereal crops, are both 
bringing remunerative prices, and the high 



industry twenty-five or thirty years ago. The I prices prevailing in the markets for prac- 
experiment station -work now inaugurated in tically every agricultural product must nec- 



this industry and that has been carried on 
to some extent for several years, will un- 
questionably show good results in the end. 
The hearty co-operation of Secretary Wilson, 
of the Department of Agriculture, is assured 
^ "o ini we (believe that good results will 
quickly follow. Among the earlier work 
done through the efforts of Mr. Wilson was 
the introduction into this country of some 
hardy varieties of rice, including what we 
now familiarly call Japan rice. This rice, 
however, does not seem to be as much in 
favor as was hoped for it some years back. 
It seemed to ripen more slowly and to reach 
the harvesting season at a period when 
there are severe storms in this State, and 
standing rice would be liable to storm in- 
Jury. The rice grains were short and round 
and looked more like barley than the 
handsome, long grains of our present so- 
called Honduras rice. There remains, how- 
ever, very many problems to be solved in 
the rice industry, just as there remain very 
many in the cane industry, but such solu- 
tions are reached by gradual advance move- 
ments and not at one jump, as many would 
suppose. 

We have the old adage that experience 
is a dear teac er and that fools will learn 
in no other. It is a pity for the agricul- 
turist of to-day to have to commit every 
error of his ancestors before he shall learn 
how to reach success and financial condi- 
tions are so changed to-day that those who 
are pufficdently persistent 4n tj.eir per- 
sonal conclusions as to exclude from con- 
sideration the experience of others are quite 
apt to fall, as now practically every Indus- 
trv, agricultural, manufacturing, mercantile 
or otherwise, is carried on at less margins 
than formerly and errors made in manage- 
ment have more serious results now than 
ever before. 

Agricultural life for years has been 
thought to be insufficiently remunerative to 
justify men of ability continuing In it. In 
the great States of the West and in fact 
everywhere in the Federal union we can 
now find men of great ability in agriculture, 
who treat their business as an exact science 
and have solved the problem as to how to 
make agricultural industry remunerative. 
The 'statement made last year that in Min- 
nesota the farmers were the chief buyers 



c?sarlly have their beneficial effect upon tlie 
welfare of the producer. 

To this wonderful advancement in agri- 
culture and to this great softening of the 
rough edges of agricultural life by promot- 
ing in every direction the use of mechanical 
devices, driven by animal, steam or gasoline 
power, nothing has contributed more than the 
work of the experiment stations throughout 
the United States. The whole force con- 
stitutes practically an army of well edu- 
cated men, thoroughly informed In the 
specialties in which they are engaged and 
all interested directly and competitively by 
their own personal ambitions in bringing 
about the very best results that are possi- 
ble. Such work as this has developed the 
manufacturing, (commercial, transportation 
and banking interests of the country, as 
well as the various phases of so-called pro- 
fessional life. In other words, agriculture 
has now come to take conspicuous place 
among the industries of the country, not 
because it employs so many persons, but be- 
cause those engaged in it are far better ed- 
ucated than such persons were a few de- 
cades ago and agriculture is coming to be 
a profession, as much as chemistry, medi- 
cine or law. 

Not many years ago two-thirds of the 
people of the United States were engaged in 
agriculture. The Civil War withdrew so 
many hundreds oC thousands of persons 
from agriculture that those remaining 
learned how to carry on agricultural work 
with greatly reduced forces. The attrac- 
tions of city life have drawn hundreds of 
thousands from the pursuits of their youth 
and now Mr. James J. Hill, the famous rail- 
road man of the Northwest, says that 
against two-thirds of the people earning 
their living directly from the land some 
years back, now not over one-third are en- 
gaged in so doing, and this one-third of the 
much abused class of agriculturists, abused 
years ago because of their lack of knowledge, 
are now abused because of the ^o-called ex- 
orbitant prices that they are getting for 
their staple crops off the land, estimated toy 
the Secretary of Agriculture to. amoiint to 
over eight thousand millions of dollars for 
this year. With (wheat at 11.25 a btf^el 
and com at about 80 cents, we can .estimate 
what the proceeds wt>uld be of oiir es^pected 

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August 7, 1909.] 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



83 



crop of over three thousand millions of 
bashels of com, 660 millions of t>uehels of 
wheat and 11^ mllllonfi bales of cotton. Corn 
is king and wheat and cotton come next. 

These magnificent results in agriculture 
have been brought about by the wonderful 
foresight of Congressman Hatch in his per- 
sistent advocacy and final success with his 
now famous experiment station Hatch bill. 
James Wilson, the Secretary of Agriculture, 
who now for so many years has been holding 
this very (important post under so many 
succeeding administrations, has also been 
one of the most important factors in the 
recent development of agriculture in the 
United States. In this connection we be- 
lieve that we ought also to mention Secre- 
tary Coburn, of the Kansas State Board of 
Agriculture, who has been devoting himself 
to the promotion and the good of agri- 
culture -with all of his great ability, energy 
and Integrity until his name has become a 
hous jiold word throughout the entire coun- 
try. Secretary Coburn declined the aippolnt- 
ment by the governor of his State as Sena- 
tor, to represent his State in Washington, 
believing as he did that he could do more 
good to his people at home than he could by 
the advocacy of their interests in Washing- 
ton. 

The immediate application of all this to 
our agricultural conditions in Louisiana is 
the fact now apparent to almost everyone* 
that it is only by intense agriculture thai 
we can win success in our life's ?.nduBtrlal 
battle. 



The Passing of the Plantation. 

In the early history of Louisiana its de- 
lightful climate and fertile soils attracted 
man/ adventurers, to whom large conces- 
sions of land were made, and plantations 
were set up based largely upon slave labor. 
This was generally the case throughout the 
alluvial parishes. In the hill lands of North 
Louisiana there occurred at an early date 
a large Immigration from the States along 
the same parallel of latitude and further 
east, notably Georgia and North and South 
Carolina. The hill lands became occupied 
by farmers and the alluvial land was or- 
ganized in great plantations at an early 
date in the production of rice, cotton and 
indigo, and later on, and now, in rice, sugar 
cane and cotton. The margins of profit in 
these great staple articles were eufTicient to 
maintain the expensive plantation organlza 
tions and the very indifferent service ren- 
dered by the low grade labor employed gen- 
erally in this agriculture. 

For a time a practical monopoly of the 
rice Industry was enjoyed by the State of 
South Carolina, with more or less produced 
in Georgia and North Carolina. In the 
meantime the culture of rice has increased 
in Ix)ul8iana and spread to the prairie lands 
of the southwestern part of the State and 
thence on into Texas, until we find that 



these Gulf coast lands are now producing 
the bulk of the rice crop of the United 
States and the rice producers have learned 
to do the work with such great economy 
and with such a limited amount of human 
labor that they seem to be making quite a 
success of It Our cotton planters, on the 
other hand, are now finding their cotton 
fields destroyed by the Mexican boll weevil 
and they are turning their attention to other 
crops, to some slight extent to sugar cane, 
but chiefly to com and to rice, of which 
crops our Louisiana cotton planters will 
produce a very large quantity this year. 

We now come to the sugar side of Louis- 
iana agriculture, which has been the pride 
of the State for more than a hundred years, 
and which dominated the trade of the United 
States before the Civil War. The rapid as- 
cent of beet sugar into the markets of the 
world destroyed the monopoly previously 
held by cane sugar and the enormous pro- 
duction of beet sugar in Europe, with the 
financial backing of European capitalists 
and with common labor and high grade, 
technical labor available in large supply, at 
extremely low cost, enabled the beet sugar 
industry to reduce the cost of its produc- 
tion to a point that for several years has 
been endangering the cane sugar industry. 
In countries specially favored by soil and 
climate, or, as at present in Cuba, by some 
political preferment, the cane sugar indus- 
try will doubtless survive permanently. In 
some of the West Indian islands, however, 
it has already ceased to occupy the con- 
spicuous place that It once did and we are 
led to wonder what the result will be fifty 
years hence In Louisiana, and as to whether 
or not the industry will continue to exist 
then. 

As sugar cane can be produced in Louis- 
iana on certain soils with extreme cheap- 
ness, we believe that it is fair to infer that 
the industry will persist here indefinitely 
long. If there should 'be any retrogression 
in it the first places to be thrown out would 
be the stiff land places, that are more diffi- 
cult to cultivate than the loamy lands. We 
only refer to this matter, however, to bring 
out the possibility of continuing the man- 
ufacture of sugars from cane in Louisiana 
Indefinitely long by the division of the land 
into small tracts and the cultivation of sugar 
cane by the owners of the tracts for their 
own account, the same to be sold to com- 
peting central factories for whatever the 
cane is worth. In this way we believe that 
the cane sugar Industry will be maintained 
in this State almost indefinitely and in com- 
petition with whatever other sources of 
sugar supply we may have. 

We are led to discuss this matter by the 
fact that the owners of the Adeline plan- 
tation, in the parish of St. Mary, thought 
now to be perhaps the largest plantation of 
Louisiana, embracing about 12,<K)0 acres of 
cultivable land in that parish, will divide 
the place up into small tracts and sell it to 



farmers. It is thought that in this way 
the farmers will buy these lands at fair 
prices, practice diversified agriculture, pro- 
duce sugar cane as one of the leading crops 
and sell the sugar cane to the central fac- 
tories. Messrs. Oxnard & Sprague, who have 
owned and managed the Adeline plantation 
for many years, have been among our most 
enterprising sugar planters. We believe 
that they are now turning out pure white 
granulated sugar from their great estab- 
lishment and that they have solved the prob- 
lem of successful sugar making in Louis- 
iana, if it be possible to solve it. We sin- 
cerely trust that they will find satisfactory 
buyers for their lands and will set the pace 
for the sugar planters of Louisiana, al- 
though we must regret to see the passing of 
the old-time plantation. 



Personal. 

Le Journal dea Fahrioants de Sucre of 
July 21 brings the news of the death, at 
the age of 76, of Madajne J. B. Bureau, 
widow of the founder of Le Journal des 
Fabricantea de Sucre, who died some ten or 
fifteen years ago. Our readers will be in- 
terested in Mr. J. B. Dureau, who was a 
French engineer of great ability and co- 
operated with Norbert RilUeux, our famous 
Louisiana inventor of the apparatus fbr 
the multiple use of steam in vacuo. Mr 
Dureau visited the United States more than 
half a century ago and after his return to 
France founded the newspaper which has 
carried his name and reputation to all parts 
of the world, which Journal Is now carried 
on with great ability by his eon, Mr. George 
Dureau, to whom the Louisiana Planteb ex- 
tends its sympathy in the death of his 
mother. 



Louisiana Engineers', Chemists' and 
Sugar Malcers' Association. 

At a regular meeting of this Association, held 
at their office, 309 Godchaux building, the fol- 
lowing officers were elected for the ensuing 
year: J. C. Mims, president and manager; 
Wm. Von Behren, vice-president; Ben Bremer- 
man, treasurer; John J. Dibos, financial secre- 
tary; John H. Hafemeyer, recording secretary. 
Meetings are held at their office, 309 Godchaux 
building, every Thursday at 7:30 p. m., and 
all communications should be addressed to J. 
C. Mims, Esq., 825 Gravier street. New Or- 
leans. 

On Aug. 5th the organization held a largely 
attended meeting and President J. O. Mims 
read a paper on "Fuels," which we publish else- 
where in this issue. At the next meeting the 
subject of "Hot Room vs. Crystal lizers" will 
be taken up and several papers presented by 
the members of the Association, which will 
be published in this journal, the official organ 
of the Association. As many of the members 
have had extensive experience in the tropics, 
where crystalllzers are in use, some valuable 
data will unquestionably be brought out 



Mr. J. R. Blouin, of the Ellington planta- 
tion, was in the city on a visit a few days ago 
,and' stopped at the Grunewald Hotel. 



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THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xUil, No. 6 



American Molasses Feeds; Their Man- 
ufacture and Composition. 

The LonsiANA Planteb is indebted to Prof. 
J. E. Halligan, cnief chemist of the Louisiana 
State Experiment Station, Baton Rouge, for a 
copy of a very able paper under the ahov^ 
title, contributed by him to the Journal of In- 
dustrial and Engineering Chemistry, and pub- 
lished in its issue of July 7th. Prof. Halligan 
adverts to the extreme recency of the manufac- 
turt; of molasses feeds in this country, stated 
by him to have been about twelve years ago, 
and to the fact that the demand for this clai?s 
of feed has steadily increased until to-day it 
is one of the standard mixed feeds found on the 
American market. The capacity* of the mills 
engageu in its manufactui*e vary from 50 to 
5(K> tons per day and average from 100 to 150 
tons. The statement Is made in a general 
way that molasses in the simplest procfsises is 
mixed with a primarj' product such as grain, 
chopped hay, etc., without subjecting any of 
the materials to heat. Another method is to 
add cold molasses to the kiln dried primary 
products and thoroughly mixed with them. 
Still another is to use hot molasses with cold 
]>rimary products, and finally hot molasses is 
mixfd with artificially dried primary products. 
These four methods, constituting the general 
line of molasses feed manufacture. Some man- 
ufacturers are stated to artificially dry their 
mixture after the molasses has been thorough- 
ly incorporated with the rest of the feed. The 
temperature to which the molasses is heated 
varies in dififerent factories, but it is generally 
just warm, although the best results are ob- 
tained when th^ molasses is brought to the 
boiling point. Of all of these methods the 
\tist given, that is mixing the hot molasses 
with artificially dried primary products, has 
given the best results in lowering the moisture 
content of the feed and in preventing the feed 
from decomposing later on. 

It has been found diflficuit to secure a good 
mechanical mixture when but a small quantity 
of molasses is employed, unless it is heated 
before introducing it into the rest of the feed. 
This heating of the molasses also allows of a 
more even distribution and drives off some of 
the water from the molasses. Feeds manu* 
factured with limited amounts of cold molasses 
are liable to be lumpy and especially when 
containing cotton seed meal, rice, polish, etc. 
Most factories, and presumably those far up 
in the west, use a mixture of beet and cane 
molasses, although some factories employ the 
one exclusively and others the other. When 
beet molasses is used it is ordinarily the chief 
molasses constituent of the feed stuff, as only 
enough cane molasses is added to make the feed 
palatable and in effecting this mixture the cane 
molasses is often diluted with more or less 
water to promote its distribution. Beet mo- 
lasses is stated to be never, or rarely ever, 
diluted with water, as it is already thin when 
delivered. 

Cotton seed meal, malt sprouts, dried brewers* 
grains, distillery products, rice bran, rice pol- 
ish, rice hulls, corn, com chops, com bran, 
ground com cobs, com pith, wheat products 
generally, wheat screenings^ dried beet pulp, 
oats (generally off grade), oat hulls, finely 
ground or chopped hay (usually leguminous 
hays, such as alfalfa), straw, flax brands, in- 
cluding all weeds, dust, dirt and screenings 



from flax seed, as well as part of the shell and 
fiber and the flax elevator dust, including 
grain smut, all sorts of brushings and clean- 
ings, such as dust, grain, nust, etc., sweeping's, 
grain, screenings, refuse from the flouring mills, 
cockle seeds and bran, ground peanut shells, 
weed seeds, ground and unground chaff from 
pipe factories and similar products are used in 
the manufacture of these feeds. 

Some manufacturers use high protein con- 
centrates such as cotton seed meal, dried 
brewers' grains, distill>ers' grains, etc., to for- 
tify their feeds and they add inferior materials, 
imch as rice hulls, weed seeds, ground corn 
stalk, etc., concealing th^ whole mixture by 
the addition of molasses. It has been found 
possible to put out a feed in this way running 
as high in chemical composition as a feed 
made up of entirely high grade products. There 
are many molasses feeds on the market com- 
pos- d of good, clean, standard products, but 
the molasses offers on excellent chance for th« 
use 01 inferior materials by the unscrupulous 
manufacturers. Pome parties varj' their mix- 
tures from time to time, based upon what they 
can procure at the least cost, adhering to no 
imrticular formula and in some instances high 
#la>s feeds have been offered to the trade and 
after a demand for them has arisen lower 
grade materials have been substituted and the 
value of the feeds correspondingly reduced. 

Two general classes of molasses feeds are 
placed upon the market, viz., horse feeds and 
dairy feeds. Poultry and calf feeds are man- 
ufactured, but they are exceptional. The chief 
manufacture, however, is in the horse feeds, 
and the quantity of molasses employed in 
these varies from 10 to 60 per cent. Those 
carrying 25 per cent or more of molasses are 
usually classed as wet feeds, provided they are 
not artificially dried. By artificially drying a 
higher molasses content can be secured. The 
dark color and stickiness of wet molasses feeds 
militates against them and in the North s<^e 
of them form a hard cake in the cold weather 
and they have to be thawed out before feeding. 
For dairy feeding, feeds usually high in protein 
are offered. 

In American molasses feeds 1 per cent or 
less of salt is put into some of them to make 
them more palatable. On account of the 
aoidity of Louisiana molasses, due to the use 
of sulphur in the manufacture of sugar from 
the cane, feed manufacturers sometimes neu 
tralize this acidity by adding lime water or 
sodium hydrate. It has been found inexpedient 
to use lime water, as the lime separates out 
and shows in the feed. Considerable trouble 
has been ^xperienc€»d with molasses feeds by 
fermentation setting in and spoiling the feed. 
Some manufacturers have eliminated this 
trouble by better and more careful manufac- 
ture.. Molasses for such use, if previously fei> 
mented, should be brought to the boiling point 
to prevent further fermentation. 

Prof. Ilalligan states that he was told by 
one manufacturer that he had to discontinue 
the use of beet molasses in his wet feed, as 
feiinentation invariably set in and decomposed 
the feed. With cane molasses the keeping 
qualities are thought to be better and some test 
cases have demonstrated the accuracy of this 
conclusion. 

Prof. Halligan closes his paper with refer- 
ences to the fact that a few years back com- 
mon Louisiana molasses had practically no 
value, and now it is selling at from $19 to 
$21 per ton at retail. Owing to the insuffici- 
ency of supply, some of the dealers are com- 
pelled to buy better grades of molasses to fill 
their wants. He believes that there is a bright 



future for molasses feeds, even at the high 
prices of feeds at the present time, and that it 
is possible for the manufacturers to put out 
wholesome feeds, free from adulteration with 
inferior products, and make a good profit. 
During the last two years there has been a 
givat improvement in this class of feed and 
the time has come When only those feeds 
that are pure and honei^t mixtures will meet 
with success, as adulterated feeds, even if 
they do have a high chemical composition, 
always show poor results on the animals to 
which they are fed. 

I'rof. Halligan's paper is quite a valuable 
contribution to the literature of our Louis- 
iana sugar industry and we presume that 
copies of it can be obtained from him by ad- 
dressing him in care of the State Board of Ag- 
riculture at Baton Kouge, La. 



Louisiana State University* 

\\> have thv pleasure of receiving from the 
r>ouisiana State University its 1909 catalogue. 
with announcements for the University year of 
11K>()-1010. The university is located at the 
capital of the State, on grounds famous for 
beauty, healthfulness and historic interest. It 
is a liv'e, modern and progressive institution 
and has a strong faculty of able specialists, 
trained in the best universities in the world, and 
has a fine library, well equipped laboratories 
and shops and has as complete an outfit as 
exists anywhere. The university is organized 
into colleges and .schools as follows : The Col- 
lege of Arts and Sciences, the College of Agri- 
culture, the College of Engineering, the Audu- 
bon Sugar School, the T^aw School, the Teach- 
ers' (^ollege. the :!>chool of Commerce, included 
in the College of Arts and Sciences; the School 
of Agriculture and the Graduate Department. 
Tuition is free to all students from Louisiana 
and is $60 a year to students from other 
Stat'Os and foreign countries. The next an- 
nual election will open on the 15tk of Sep- 
tember, 1009. and for catalogues and any in- 
formation of any kind those desiring will write 
to Mr. W. G. Osborne, Secretary Louisiana 
State University, Baton Rouge, La., U. S. A. 

Of special interest to the sugar world is the 
Audubon Sugar School, the reputation of 
which is now world wide, and its graduates 
are to be found in practically every sugar 
cane growing country and in many of the 
great beet factories of the Western States. 
The Sugar School comprises a complete facul- 
ty, covering every branch of learning essential 
to make first class technical graduates in 
sugar engineering and chemistry. The thor- 
oughness with which the work of the Audubon 
Sugar School has been done has been the basis 
of its wide popularity and makes it the Mecca 
to which pilgrims are now coming from all 
parts of the sugar world to secure the know- 
ledge of the sugar industry that they believe 
can nowhere else be acquired with equal fa- 
cility and comprehensiveness. The regular 
course includes a thorough study of mechanics, 
chemistry, sugar making, drawing and agricul- 
ture. . Those who do not desire to take a 
full course can arrange for partial instruction 
in different departments of sugar growing and 
manufacture, and irregular students are re- 
ceived in the departments of agriculture, me- 
chanics, chemistry, drawing and sugar mak- 
ing. The complete sugar course covers five 
years of university work, three yeacs of which 
are in the regular college work, and theee 
are supplemented by a two-years course in 
agriculture, mechanics, chemistry, sugar mak- 
ing and drawing as applied to the manufac- 
ture of sugar from sugar cane or beets. This 
is essentially an advanced course and is in- 
tended for such graduates or advanced students 
in scientific courses of this or other institutions 
as may be prepared to take advantage of the 
work offered. The details of this advanced 
course are given during the fourth and fifth 
years of the sugar engineering course and the 
requisites for admission may be secured durinj? 
the first three years of the course, unless ap- 
plicants pass the necessary examination and 
take it as a post graduate course. The five- 
years* course leads to the degree of bachelor 
of sciences. The catalogue will be sent upon 
application from those who are interested in 
the work. 



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THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



85 



LOCAL LETTERS. 



Ascenston. 

(8PBCIAL C0BBB8P0MDBKCB.) 

Editor LouMana Flanter: 

It begins to look as though the usual period 
of daily rains with which we are inflicted year- 
ly has at last come to an end, since only a 
light shower fell Tuesday afternoon and no 
moisture at all was precipitated on Wednes- 
day and Thursday. The cessation of the daily 
downpours :s a consummation devoutly to be 
wished, since the harvesting of the rice crop 
will soon be in full swing and would prove a 
sorry and profitless task were the weather to 
continue as wet and disagreeable as it has been 
for the past few weeks. 

Rice cutting has already been commenced on 
a number of places in this locality, but the 
work will probably not become general before 
the early part of next week. The outlook for 
a fine yield is unusually promising. 

The Donaldsonville Rice Mill, which is now 
owned and operated by the United Irrigation 
and Rice Milling Company, has made elaborate 
preparations to handle a bumper crop this 
season, a large amount of costly new machin- 
ery having been installed during the summer 
months under the supervision of Consulting 
Engineer Frank Walker and Supervising En- 
gineer John R. Gray. The major portion of 
the new equipment was imported from Ger- 
many, and with the addition of this new and 
valuable apparatus the mill takes rank as one 
of the most complete and modern in the State. 
Operation will be inaugurated within the next 
two or three weeks, or as soon as the rice be- 
gins to come in freely, and will be continued 
for several months. 

A letter from Preston, Cuba, where two 
well known Ascensionites — Victor Suarez and 
Chas. G. Maher — are manipulating proof- 
sticks at the vacuum pans of the Nipe Bay 
Company's big central factory, brings informa- 
tion, under date of July 7, that 55,000 bags of 
sugar had been made up to that time, and that 
the crop was expected to yield 90,000 bags 
more. This will mean an aggregate sugar 
output of approximately 112,000,000 pounds, 
whereas the estimated yield when grinding be- 
gan was only 90,000,000 pounds. The factory 
wil be under way until September, if nothing 
occurs to necessitate a suspension of work be- 
fore the entire crop is handled. Messrs. 
Saurez and Maher have both been under the 
weather a bit, and it can be appreciated that 
it wasn't a pleasant place to be, when the 
temperature on the factory floor at midnight 
was recorded at 102 degrees above zero. 

Various planters, farmers and plantation 
managers with whom your correspondent has 
spoken recently are as a unit in declaring that 
not for many years has the crop prospect in 
this section been so uniformly promising as is 
the case this season — especially as applies to 
the cane, cotton and rice crops. 

Ascension. 



Iberville. 

(8PBCIAL COBBBSPONDSNCE.) 

Piditor LouMana Planter: 

From several parts of the parish there is a 
cry of too much rain ; the cane at this time is 
in splendid condition and can stand a great 
quantity of rain, but there is such a thing 
as too much, and from the rear of White 



Castle, as well as from the Myrtle Grove plan- 
tation of A. Wilbert Sons, comes the informa- 
tion that they have had a little too much. In 
other parts of the parish copious rains have 
fallen. To-day is hot and clear. 

The harvest season is on and the rice men 
are doing what they can to get their crop 
into sacks. Babin Bros., the lessors of sev- 
eral places in Ascension, near the Iberville 
line, have shipped over 500 sacks, they being 
in the lead in early rice. Many planters had 
expected to get in the race this week, but have 
thus far been prevented by rains. Mr. Gus 
Barbay, expert builder and contractor, of 
Plaquemine, but who has developed into a rice 
farmer on a big scope, left for Point Coupee 
this week with his family, which parish they 
will mctke their home during the rice harvest. 
Mr. Barbay has under lease a large plantation 
in Pointe Coupee and has a splendid crop in 
sight. Mr. Simon LeBlanc, of Star, and Mr. 
Wilbrod Thiry, of Willow Glen, Hundred Mile, 
etc., expected to thresh out a few bags during 
the week. 

Mr. John T. Guyton, manager of the Au- 
gusta plantation of the Murrell Company, was 
a visitor to Plaquemine on business on Thurs- 
day. 

Mr. Lyman P. Rhodes and his wife are 
spending some time at Hot Springs, Ark. 

Some difficulty is being met with in the 
building of the Bellevue bridge, on Bayou 
Grosse Tete, inasmuch as considerable rights 
have to be secured from the United States gov- 
ernment before a bridge can be erected over 
a navigable stream. The government requires 
that the span should be fifty feet. Copies of 
the plans, etc., etc., etc., are required before 
the necessary permission from the War Depart- 
ment at Washington can be secured. 

Iberville. 



West Baton Rouge. 

(SPBCIAL COBBBSPOKDaMCS.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter : 

Saturday put an end to our impatience for 
the long-looked-for rain — the kind that "Erin" 
must mean, when he alludes to the "root soak- 
ers" his parish lately enjoyed. It was a general 
downpour which put everybody even in point 
of humidity. The crops, which have been grow- 
ing finely, ^yill continue right along ; and as the 
foliage of the cane shades the land everywhere 
the griund will remain moist even if the weath- 
er remained fair for several weeks. It has 
remained cloudy since the rain of Saturday — 
ideal weather for cane. With the prospects in 
view for a good crop, well tilled and well laid- 
by, the planter should look ahead placidly to a 
good harvest ; the prices of his products are al- 
ways to be reckoned with ; but as it is a 
subject no one can control, neither by action nor 
suggestion, it must be left to take care of itself. 
Another subject which, at this time of year, 
has made the planter look ahead anxiously, has 
been the question of labor; but, taking every- 
thing into consideratiosn, there should be no 
apprehension from that source. The labor sup- 
ply has far exceeded the demand this year: and 
this fall we should have a desirable addition 
in the x)erson of the small cotton planter, who, 
through the ravages of the boll weevil, will have 
only a 25 per cent crop to gather and will do it 
by the early days of October and will be de- 
sirous of "making grinding". That class of 
men have, as a rule, been good sugar house 



hands, but gradually withdrew from this kind of 
work and cultivated a small crop of cotton by 
their own labor and at their own expense; this 
kept them away from outside employment, as 
it was late in the fall when they got through 
with their, picking. 

From the lower tier of our sugar plantations, 
we hear most flattering reports of the crops; 
Cinclare, St. Delphine, Chenango, Antonia have 
crops to please masters and managers; these 
places were favored by showers at the right 
time — fully two weeks earlier than the central 
and upper portion of the parish. 

Manager Chas. H. Baad ,of Allendale, finds 
time, notwithstanding his numerous duties on 
the plantation, to talk Acetylene Gas Genera- 
tors to his neighbors and friends; he will in- 
stall a 2\.J light plant for the Westover Plant- 
ing Co., in a few days, which will be used to 
light up the store, the oflSce, and the sugar 
house, when the dynamo is not running. He 
has served a good many of our sugar planters 
with his generators and is getting in demand. 
Just say ^'Acetylene Gas" to Charley and one 
would imagine he had taken a dose of carbide. 

Field Manager Ogden Sharp of Belmont, has 
recovered from a tussle with an attack of ma- 
laria which kept him confined to his room for 
several days. 

Mr. and Mrs. George Hill of Catherine are at 
Biloxi, where they took their little daughter, 
who was ill for a change of air. 

Mrs. C. H. Baad, of Allendale, is in Phila- 
delphia on a visit to Mr. Baad's parents. 

Mr. Wilkinson of Poplar Grove has returned 
from the Gulf Coast. 

As we close, the weather is cloudy and 

warm. 

West Baton Rouge. 



Assumption. 

(SPKCIAL COBIIB8POKDSNCB.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter : 

In spite of the incessant rains which have 
been visiting nearly every portion of Assump- 
tion, reports here last week said that the plan- 
ters near the Lafourche line, in the lower end 
of this parish, were suffering from a drought. 
We have not heard up to this writing whether 
they got any rain this week, but it would cer- 
tainly be strange if they did not, because rain 
has been falling as often as three times a day 
in the upper and central portion of Assumption. 
For more than a week a daily rain has been 
visiting the central part of the parish and some 
of the precipitations were heavy ones. The sun- 
shine has not been deficient in spite of the 
rains, as the sun makes its appearance before 
and after each rain. The crops have been grow- 
ing by leaps and bounds and are in fine shape 
and of the healthiest color. All field work, ex- 
cept some ditching, has had to be put off this 
week owing to the weather. The heavy rains, 
it is feared, will do some damage to the crop, 
but this will be only in spots. 

Mr. Lovincy Guelfo, who is overseer on one 
of the L. Godchaux Company's sugar estates 
near Raceland, was in Napoleonville last Sun- 
day. Mr. Guelfo was for a number of years 
in charge of the field of the Trinity Plantation 
in this parish. He reports the crops in La- 
fourche in fine shape. 

Mr. Camille Templet, who was manager last 
year of the Cleveland Plantation in this parish, 
but who is now ovei*seer on Edna Plantation, 
below lx)ckport, was in Napoleonville last Sun- 



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86 



Dl THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xllll. No. 6 



day. He was accompanied by. his wife and lit- 
tle daughter. 

The Attakapas Canal cane crop is in fine 
condition, and if conditions continue favorable, 
a heavy crop will be harvested this coming sea- 
son. 

Mr. E. L. Monnot, the venerable proprietor of 
Elmfield, who has not been in the best of 
health for soveral months, left this week, ac- 
companied by his wife, for Covington, where 
he will remain for some time. 

Mrs. W. B. Ratliff, proprietor of the Locust 
Grove Plantation, left a few days ago for Bal- 
timore, Md., and other points of interest 

The little son of Senator John Marks, of 
Nellie plantation, has been confined to his bed 
for a number of weeks with fever. 

Assumption. 



Lafourche. 

(SPECIAL COSBBSPONDBMCS.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

The weather f«r the last week has been 
warm and sunshiny, with local showers at va- 
rious places throughout the parish. Some 
rather heavy showers fell between LockiK)rt 
and Thibodaux. Some of our planters think 
that a little more rain would be beneficial to 
the crops. The sugar cane in this section 
seems to be growing just about as fast as it 
is possible to grow, and as one passes along 
the road past the many fine plantations along 
Bayou Lafourche he is forcibly reminded that 
it is not long now until the factories will be- 
gin to turn their heavy machinery and the 
railroads and plantation carts will be taxed 
to their full capacity to get the immense crop 
to the rollers. 

Thos. J. Foret, one of the partners in the 
Felicia plantation and secretary of the Lock- 
port Central Sugar Refining Company, Ltd.. 
has just become the owner of a White Steamer 
automobile. Acadian. 



St Mary 

(SPBCIAL COBBUrOIfDBKCE.) 

Editor Loumana Planter : 

I hear a universal complain of too much 
rain. Even those who are nicely laid by 
and out of grass are saying that there is too 
much rain for the good of the crop. Satur- 
day and Sunday of last week there were per- 
fect downpours over a large portion of the 
parish, and Monday night and Tuesday we had 
two more gulley washers. With all of these 
he^vy rains, however, after a few hours there 
is no sign left in the fields, as most everyone 
has his drainage in tip top condition. The 
writer thinks that planters are somewhat pre- 
mature in their verdict of too much rain as 
yet, as the crops are not as large as they 
should be at this season and it will require 
considerable moisture to bring them up to the 
standard. 

For the first time in several years there 
is a splendid showing of i)ea vines everywhere, 
and with good reason it is feared that so 
much rain will ruin it for hay. Very early 
this year hay was being bought largely in this 
parish at a big price and planters naturally 
fear to have their pocketbook depleted in the 
same way another year. The com crop is 
generally reported good and believed to be 
ample for the wants of the coming year. 

There are many valuable acres of land on 
the east side of Bayou Teche, which are only 



waiting for drainage to begin adding the wealth 
of their crops to the great fund. These are 
the back lands of half a dozen or more planta- 
tions, with their rears butting onto a little 
bayou which empties into Grand Lake. It has 
become filled with fallen timber and the wash- 
ings of the upper cultivated lands, and there 
is a move on foot to form a drainage district 
for that section and to dredge a straight and 
proper canal to the lake. That bayou there 
is now is so crooked that when water starts 
down it it meets itself several times on the 
road. 

Our good friend Mr. W. P. Marsh, who had 
been at the Mineral Wells during several weeks 
trying to get well and who thought that he 
could venture back to his duties at Oak Lawn. 
I am sorry to hear, has found that he was 
somewhat too fast and has had to go away 
Again sick. We all hope that he will soon 
return hale and hearty. 

Mr. Simms, of Adeline, has at last won hi^ 
great battle over Mr. Typhoid. It was a bat- 
tle of eighty days, and without the very best 
medical skill and nursing and almost super- 
natural nerve on the part of the patient he 
would have lost in the struggle. 

It is rumored that one of our very largest 
sugar estates is on the eve of having its own- 
ership rearranged. I hardly think that the 
rumor has reached the stage of public owner- 
ship and I refrain from mentioning nam€S. 

St. Mary. 



Iberia. 

(SPBCIAL COBBE8PUNDEMCS.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter : 

The week just clasing has been favorable to 
the cane crop in all parts of the parish, which 
report good, soaking rains. In the east- 
ern part the rains have been very time- 
ly and came just as the crops were 
all laid by, and the growth has been 
phenomenal, both in plant and stubble; al- 
ready 8 or 10 joints of cane can be seen in 
most any of the fields. At C. L. Monnot*s the 
crop is very satisfactory as also that of his 
clientele, which is quite large. The estimate 
for Vaufrey factory is 45,000 tons. At Right- 
way the crop is equally good but tonnage much 
smaller as the cane is produced on the plan- 
tation of the proprietor. It is estimated the 
amount of cane for this mill will reach 15,000 
to 18,000 tons. 

At Loizel, Pharr and Bussy the same report 
holds good of fine can« growing rapidly with 
a large list of growers of cane tributary to 
this fine plant. It is thought 35,000 tons will 
be crushed this season. "Hope", the state farm 
has a fine crop, well cultivated, with fine body 
of corn and peas. The records for sugar on this 
place will be surpassed this year. At Orange 
Grove the situation is much better than at last 
writing; good rains have redeemed the crop 
which had been almost suffering. The place 
has a large clientele of thrifty farmers to whom 
has been extended the plantation railroad and 
consequently the tonnage for this year will be 
increased. It is not too much to predict 40,000 
tons for the mills of this plant this season. 

Morbihan factory is under contract for a fine 
tonnage. The home place has fine cane that 
will give good reports this fall; the railroad of 
the plant extends into a most fertile section in- 
habited by experienced cane planters who send 
their product to this fine plant. The record 



of past years will be broken and the figure it 
placed at 40,000 tons. Sarah Plantation, 
adjoining, has a full crop of cane and will de- 
liver to the factory some five or six thousand 
tons. 

The com and pea crop wifhout exception is 
the best for yean and it is generally so; all 
parts of the parish rejoicing in full crops of 
this valuable cereal. 

Rice planters have been annoyed very much 
this week by the frequent showers which have 
prevented harvesting operations. Still much 
rice has been cut between showers and wagons 
and carts have been busy during the week de- 
livering to the rice mill here. 

Preparations on a grand scale are being made 
by President Charles L. Monnot and associates 
for the 4th annual Jeanerette Fair (o be held on 
Sept. 30. More space than ever before has 
been engaged for the exhibits. Governor San- 
ders has promised to be present at the opening. 
The attractions are numerous; one of special 
mention wil be the automobile races, the ma- 
chines being run by the owners all the way 
from New Orleans by the public roads. Some 
fifteen entries are already made. The poultry 
and stock exhibits will be far ahead of anything 
heretofore shown. The exhibits of the staple 
crops will be handsome and unique comprising 
cane, corn, cotton and rice and every kind of 
vegetable that will grow in this climate. There 
will be an exhibit of com raised by the methods 
of the Agricultural Department at Washington 
through its demonstrators in this parish, 'ine 
management is endeavoring to eclipse all former 
efforts and deserve to succeed. 

Node. 



Avoyelles. 

(SPIDCIAL COUtBSPONDIMCB.) 

Editor Louisiana i lanter : 

The splendid and much wished for rain which 
fell over the Red River valley on the 1st was, 
to say the very least, highly appreciated by 
the cane .planters of this district of the cane 
belt. The first was partly cloudy and light 
local showers prevailed during the afternoon. 
The second was hot, cloudy and showery dur- 
ing the moming hours. The third was dark 
and cloudy during the nH)rning, with local 
showers in the afternoon. The fourth was 
moderately fair at sunrise. 

From what has just been stated it will be 
seen that the weather since and including the 
first has been ideal for the growth of cane 
and late corn. The pea crop will also improve 
and in the end yield a heavy tonnage of hay. 
The truck growers feel better since the rain- 
fall of the dlst, which supplied needed moisture 
for the preparation of seed beds for the pro- 
pagation of plants for fall and winter trans- 
planting in the truck garden and fields. 

The old com is beginning to ripen. If the 
weather is not too damp during the month 
the planters will commence on or about the 
20th to gather and crib their corn, at least 
as much of it as is found to be dry enough 
to harvest without injury to the grain. It is 
sometimes the case that com is gathered when 
it is sappy to make room for fall plowing, and 
usually with bad reoilts, damaged com and 
sick mules. 

I note here that Tovm Talk's correspondent, 
writing from LeCompte on a recent date, states 
that on the 14th of July a load of this year's 
crop of corn passed through Lecompte. The 



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THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



87 



corn was planted March 8th and gathered July 
13th| making only 96 days from planting to 
gathering, llie shucks were dry, the ears larg^ 
and the kernels plump. It was No. 1 com and 
was delivered in Forest Hill at 65 cents per 
bushel. The same correspondent reports the 
cane and corn crops in the neighborhood of 
Lecompte as very promising. The com crops 
now growing ripe in the parishes .of Rapides, 
Avoyelles and St. Landry are from all accounts 
the heaviest grown possibly in the history of 
the country. 

Prof. V. L. Roy, for some years past super- 
intendent of the Avoyelles public schools, and 
well known for his activity and push in 
building up the Boys' Com Clubs of this par- 
ish, has been promoted. Prof. Roy will now 
take charge of and direct the work of agricul- 
ture in the public schools from the State 
University at Baton Rouge. 

At last it appears that cane, com. rice, po- 
tatoes, both sorts, peanuts, alfalfa, bermuda 
grass, millet, sorghuih and cow peas bid fair 
to become the leading crops throughout the 
boll weevil districto of this SUte. 

Cotton, what there is of it, improved during 
the hot dry days of last moth. The Red River 
farmers are leaming fast that what they 
need the most is not cotton, but corn, with 
which to feed and grow beef and pork for 
home use and to market. 

Not a few of the small farmers in the hill 
and prairie sections of this parish planted this 
past spring from one to five acres to upland 
rice, which owing to the favorable weather 
prevailing since planting has made a remark- 
ably fine growth and now promises to yield 
from eight to twelve sacks to the acre planted. 
The upland rice here mentioned is of the best 
varieties of rice grown in the State. Planted 
on new land, free of grass, irrigation is not re- 
quired. About the only work needed while the 
rice is growing is hand weeding on and be- 
tween the rows of growing rice. 

The indications while closing this morning 
are for showery weather. 

Ebin. 



St. James— Left Bank. 

(SPBCIAL COKRBSPONDBIfaD. 

Editor LouiMana Planter : 

Rain has fallen almost every day since last 
Friday and we can judge what unpleasantness 
it has caused at such a time for the rice 
planters, while on the other hand the cane 
cultivators are clamoring for more rain and 
hot sunshine on their laid Dy and growing 
cane crops. With tiiese daily showers the at- 
mosphere, though heavy, is rather pleasant and 
the temperature does not climb to the top of 
the thermometer, as it did a few days ago. The 
nights are really cool. Saturday our section 
was visited by one of the heaviest rainfalls, ac- 
companied by as severe a thunder storm as has 
been experienced in a long time. 

All of oiur rice planters have been greatly 
disappointed so far this week, having planned 
to begin threshing Monday morning, but the 
daily showers have forced them to postpohe 
the same, and while no serious damage has 
as yet been reported, the situation would be- 
come alarming should the weather continue thus 
for a week more. What they are hoping for 
now is good weather from now on, and if such 
be had all threshers in this section will be 



humming and making up for the delay ex- 
perienced so far. 

Mr. B. Bourgeois, who has a very fine crop 
of the cereal, managed to squeeze in a small 
lot of rice and obtained a very good price for 
same. 

We are pleased to note that Mr. John L. 
Copponex, who has been very seriously ill, is 
now going about, but it will be some time 
yet before he can resume active charge of his 
field work. 

Something of a novelty out here was the 
shipping from Convent last week of a load of 
"baled" alfalfa hay — quite a new enterprise 
and one that certainly deserves encouragement. 

Mr. E. H. Duhme, of Model Farm, has re- 
cently equipped himself with a press, etc., 
and last week made his first delivery. The 
business, of course, is being started on a small 
scale and is more of an experimental step, that 
!s, the marketing of the goods is, for, as to its 
cultivation, Mr. Duhme has already proven 
what he can do. What was baled last week 
was as good hay as one could desire. The lo- 
cal market has already absorbed all of his 
limited output for the time being, and orders 
are even booked for the next cutting. It is 
probable that he will largely increase his 
acreage. When one considers the nutritive 
properties of alfalfa and the reasonable prices 
at which it can be furnished, it will likely have 
the preference over the fancier priced and often 
times less nutritious kind. 

Mr. Duhme has just returned from the 
Amant place, where he has been for the past 
month boiling seconds, and reports the results 
obtained to be beyond expectations and highly 
satisfactory. The crop on that place, which 
is under the able management of Mr. J. K. 
Tucker, is also reported to be of the finest. 

Our parish is forming a link of that section 
over which the proposed model road from New 
Orleans to Baton Rouge is to run. A good 
deal of interest is manifested in the confer- 
ence* called by Governor Sanders to be held 
in Baton Rouge next Thursday. Several of 
our leading citizens and planters have ex- 
pressed their intention to attend same, having 
been commissioned by the governor as dele- 
gates. Judging from reports here and there 
the majority seem to favor the project. 

To-day, Thursday, the weather has been ideal 
and already some rice has been threshed and 
hauled to the river, awaiting the return packet 
to bring it to market. 

Mrs. P. M. Lambremont and son, John D. 
and Miss B. M. Hargis form a party from Con- 
vent for Coopers Wells, Mis,s., to enjoy the ben- 
efit of its mystic waters. 

Convent. 



St. Charles. 

(SPECIAL COKRESPONDSNCB.) 

Editor Loiiiaiana Planter", 

With the exception of a light rain on Fri- 
day, the week has been a dry one. The tem- 
perature during the day has been about on 
a stand, being usually very warm, but during 
the nights and early mornings the wind blows 
from the north and greatly cools the atmos- 
phere, so that light coverings are already be- 
ing used. The weather so far as the crops 
are concerned is ideal, this being the time of 
the year when the corn is fast maturing and 
the hay begins to turn its color from green 
to yellow. The cane has had enough moisture 



for some time and with the heat of the day 
the growth is going on very rapidly. The 
planters are having all the roads cut and 
the ditch banks cleaned. This will be the last 
cut of the kind, for the season is too far 
advanced to permit a new growth of weeds. 
The peas are doing well and in a number of 
cases the pods are out and are well filled. 

On the Lone Star all heavy work is over 
and the time is only awaited to begin the 
breaking of corn. Some few loads of com 
are being broken at present for immediate con- 
sumption, but the real breaking will not be- 
gin before a couple of weeks more. The crop 
of the place is looking its best, with some of 
the finest corn of the State. During the week 
the winding up of the cleaning of ditch banks 
was accomplished. The laying of the narrow 
gauge railroad, which will connect the place 
with the Ellington mill, is progressing along 
very well and the road and all necessary ^purs 
will be finished in plenty of time for the be- 
ginning of the cane season. The owners of 
the place are having an immense well dug in 
the center of the quarters for the accommo- 
dation of the laborers. This will prove of 
great value to the many hands, who hereto- 
fore had to depend on small cisterns and bar- 
rels for their supply of water or either had 
to go way out to the river for same. After 
the digging of the well six feet tilings will 
be lowered and brought on to the surface. This 
will make caving impossible. The well is 
ideally located and judging from the other small 
wells of the place the water will be of the very 
best kind and will be used for drinking as 
well as other purposes.. 

As a result of the objections put forth by 
some of the sugar planters and other manufac- 
turers who make use of the river water for 
their plants, the State law which prevents 
the throwing of rice straw in the river, which 
heretofore has laid unobserved, will be ob- 
served this year. This gives a deal of extra 
trouble to the rice planters, who have been 
in the habit of threshing on the river and 
dumping the straw in the stream. In most 
cases the threshers had to be moved about in 
order to allow the carts to get under the chuto 
and carry away the straw. Had the law 
been observed at first this extn^ expense would 
not now be necessary. 

Mr. L. Hymel, of the Speranza, was an 
auto visitor to New Orleans Wednesday. 

The neat little craft of Mr. Blouin paid a 
visit to the fillington place during the week, 
having come around froip the bayou. 

Fbeshie. 



Calcasieu. 

(SPECIAL COBRBSPOKDEKCS.) 

Lake Charles, Aug. 5, 1900. 
Editor Louisiana Planter: 

The purported interview with Henry Kahn, 
President of the National Rice Milling Com- 
pany, of New Orleans, in which Mr. Kahn was 
quoted as stating that he did not believe there 
would be a shortage in the rice crop this 
season, and that reports of rice being injured 
by salt in the streams were being circulated by 
the planters of Southwest Louisiana solely for 
the purpose of influencing the market, has cre- 
ated much discussion in this section, and the 
expression is free that Mr. Kahn never gave 
out the interview. H. Winn, of Calcasieu, 
President of the Louisiana-Texas Rice Growers* 



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Association, states candidly that - he - does -not 
believe this to be an interview given out by 
Henry Kahn, because he does not believe Mr. 
Kabn would make a statement so palpably in- 
accurate. 

Mr. Winn says that he secured samples of 
water from the Mermentau, from which canal 
plants draw their water, and that analysis 
showed 70 grains of salt to the gallon. One 
sample was taken from the surface and the 
other from a depth of six feet, showing con- 
clusively that the stream was thoroughly per- 
meated with salt on that date — August 1. 
Since that time several heavy rains have fallen, 
and the A.ssociation President expressed the 
hope that **the situation is greatly improved." 

In an interview H. G. Chalkley, manager 
of the North American Land and Timber Com- 
pany, which operates two large canal plants, 
expressed the opinion that the crop had been 
damaged fully 20 per cent by reason of the salt 
in streams. 

As to the well plants, many of these have 
had a larger area than the wells could proper- 
ly irrigate during the exceptionally dry season 
we have been having and many have barely 
had 70 per cent of the rice flooded. 

Another cause of complaint is a new grass, 
which has made its appearance in the fields 
this year, and will curtail the yield, according 
to rice men of experience. The farmers have 
not been troubled with this particular grass be- 
fore, it is said, and it seems to be a develop- 
ment of the lands in rice culture for a num- 
ber of years, as it is said that it has not ap- 
peared on new lands. 

Harry J. Geary, manager of Senator H. C. 
Drew's canal plants, which get their supply 
from the Sabine, states that they have not been 
compelled to shut down operations at all during 
the season, but that this grass will curtail the 
yield. 

This grass has only made its appearance 
in the last month, but the fields are full of it. 
Xot only along our canals, but everywhere in 
this section. The planters along the Missis- 
sippi and in the Teche country have suflPered 
from it, but with their cheap labor they have 
been enabled to keep the pickaninnies in the 
field pulling it. We can't do that with dollar- 
and-a-half-labor. 

From the Vinton section comes good reports 
of the crop. The farmers in that immediate vi- 
cinity expect to average fifteen bags to the acre, 
and are making preparations to commence har- 
vesting at some of the farms during next 
week. 

Mr. Cruthers is one of the few farmers here 
who has attempted to raise his own feed, 
and so successful was he that he advises all 
fanners to put a portion of their acreage in 
corn. He has about thirty acres in corn this 
year that will give him fully forty bushels 
to the acre, and he wouldn't be surprised, but 
deeply gratified, if it gave more than that. 
This same young farmer, who believes in pro- 
gressive methods, has planted a small area in 
cane and says he is satisfied that cane can be 
grown as profitably on the lands around Vin- 
ton as anywhere in Louisiana. Mr. Caruthers 
will make syrup for the home market with the 
cane produced. 

Rice millers are reticent and decline to dis- 
cuss the situation. It is problematical when 
the mills in this immediate territory will begin 
operations. , Whidden. 



North Louisiana. 

(SPECIAL COKBBSPONDSKOD.) 

ISdiior Louisiana Planter: 

General crop conditions in North Louisiana 
show improvement during the month of July, 
that has been well up to the general average in 
temperature and sunshine. In the **hill sec- 
tion" there are spots where crops suffered for 
rain, but in the Delta lands, in the wide val- 
leys of the Mississippi (seventy-five miles wide 
In places), Ouachita and Red River, no one 
ever h^ard of crop damage in July and August 
from dry weather and hot sunshine. The last 
day or July gave this section general rains 
covering a large area and extending acro<*8 *-he 
State of Mississippi. 

While the cotton acreage has been reduced 
about 40 per cent on account of the boll 
weevil, the growing crop at this date, August 
1, has not been materially damaged by weevils. 
Corn planted about June 1 is now in good 
condition and with ample moisture in the 
ground the yield \yill be satisfri tory. A good 
preventive to protect corn in all climates from 
damage by the citf*n weevil and from rats is a 
chemical sold in drug stores and locally known 
as **High Life.'' The technical name is Bi Sul- 
phid of Carbon. This fluid placed upon the 
body of a hairy animal seems to give as much 
pain as hot water, but it soon evaporates and 
leaves no damage to hair or hide. It does 
not affect the skin where there is no hair. 
To protect harvested com in the bam, take 
"High Life" in two-pound tin cans or in glass 
and place same beneath a small box on the 
floor of barn, with an opening in the container 
so that the fluid can evaporate. Cover the box 
with ear com, so as not to overturn the High 
Life, and then fill up the barn with corn from 
the field. This fluid evaporates into a volatile 
gas, that passes upward through the pile of 
corn and destroys weavils and prevents rats 
from burrowing into the bulk corn. 

This fluid passing off in a gaseous state, has 
no deletarious effect on grain, shuck or cob. 
A pint of the fluid in several containers will 
suffice for 500 bushels of ear corn. The writer 
was once a drug clerk and obtained this pre- 
scription from a Georgia farmer who mi- 
grated to Louisiana. Some farmers sprinkle 
the corn as it goes into the crib with salt 
water and some place in the crib a weed in 
green state, known as the Jimson weed, to 
prevent weevil damage. In corn production and 
preservation both the Louisiana cotton and 
cane planter is a "tenderfoot" and needs all 
the information that is coming to him. 

We are both surprised and gratified at the 
success the first year that has attended the 
Delta cotton planter along the line of agricul- 
tural diversification. The month of August, 
that brings rain.s, cooling periods and pleasant 
momings, will inaugurate the planting of Irish 
|K}tatoes, cabbage, turnips and fall gardens. 

Ouachita. 



Personal. 

Mr. D. J. Foret and Mr. Adam Trosclair. of 
Lafourche parish, were in New Orleans on Sun- 
day and stopped at the Cosmopolitan Hotel. 

Mr. L. A. Moresi, of Jeanerette, La., was 
at the Grunewald Hotel during the early pari 
of the week. 

Mr. Henry Thomann, one of our leading 
vacuum pan experts, who has had extensive ex- 
perience in Louisiana and the tropics, left dur- 
ing the past week with Mrs. Thomann for Gas- 
ton, Texas, where they will visit relatives for 
some weeks. 



Havana. 

(STAFF COBRB8PONDSNCE.) 

Havana, July 30th, 1909. 

Sugar Market : Though the few holders still 
remaining in the Island desire to dispose at 
once of whatever small stocks are left in their 
possession, in order to totally liquidate the 
past crop, they are generally unwilling to ac- 
cept ruling- prices, and are waiting for the 
American refiners to enhance the offers which 
they have persistently sustained for several 
weeks past. 

Planters ought to be by this time fully con- 
vinced of the prejudice they cause themselves 
by withholding their sugars after the month of 
May is over, on account of the decline in weight 
and test that is discounted by buyers on pur- 
chasing such parcels as have long been man- 
ufactured and stored during the hot summer 
months. 

Prices have ruled in New York during the 
whole campaign which is now terminating, 
below the Europeah beet sugar parity, and 
the American refiners, instead of improving 
their offers as it was generally expected, for 
the last parcels left in this Island, in pres- 
ence of the firmness of the holders of same, 
withdrew from the market and restricted 
their purchases to the cargoes, either in port, 
or on the way, they could acquire at low prices. 

The American refiners have adopted this 
year new tactics that are highly prejudicial 
to the interests of the Cuban producer, and 
whicTi consists in operating only on the basis 
of 96 test; inasmuch as there is by this time 
no sugar, hardly, left which polarizes even 96, 
the rebate in price.s for 94 and 93 test 
sugars is therefore very large and causes 
heavy losses to sellers. 

Some parties entertain the very doubtful 
opinion that the object refiners bear in mind 
on establishing their purchases on the 96 
basis at this advanced period of the season, 
when no sugar of said test can be obtained in 
lai*ge quantity, is not so much that of pre- 
judicing producers interests, as that of compell- 
ing them to be hereafter more careful 'in man- 
ufacturing sugars of good keeping quality only. 

Enticed by the recent rise of prices in Europe 
for beet sugar, the American refiners decided 
to re-enter the market at once, and acquired 
at the last hour about 250,000 bags, of imme- 
diate delivery, at from 2 9-16 to 2 5-8 cents 
per pound, c. & f. basis 96 test. At this place, 
several holders took advantage of the slight 
advance in prices, to dispose of a certain 
number of small parcels they still retained, and 
which added up about 20,000 bags, 95-97 test, 
that fetched at from 2-4 1-2 to 2 1-2 cents 
per pound. 

Market closes to-day quiet and strong, at 
from 2 3-4 to 2 7-8 cents, for 95-96 test 
centrifugals of good shipping classes. 

Crop News: It has now been fully ascer- 
tained that the damages caused to the growing 
crop by the rainstorm which swept over the 
greater part of this Island last week, have 
resulted less important than it was feared at 
the first moment; although labor in the fields 
was forcibly suspended in many districts, owing 
to the excess of moisture, the cane, both 
young and old is doing well, except only that 
planted in the low lands in which the water 
considerably accumulates and needs more time 
to evaporate or be absorbed by the soil. It 
is likely that it will be necessary to replant 
several fields, which have been oversoaked 



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89 



to a point prejudicial to the cane whose roots 
are threatened with rottenness. 

On the other hand, the general condition 
of the crop, as said above, is magnificent 
and the outlook for a large crop next year, 
^is quite promising in spite of the difficulties 
planters and colonists have to contend with, 
to bestow due attendance upon their fields, 
owing to the excessive moisture in the soil, at 
some places and the scarcity of hirelings, at 
others. 

Still, the preparation of lands and new 
plantings continue to be eiiected on a moderate 
scale, in a certain number of districts, where 
labor is obtainable on reasonable terms. 

Factories "Chaparra" and **Bo8ton:" On 
the 15th inst., factory "Chaparra" located in 
the province of St. Yago de Cuba, had turned 
out 430,000 bags of sugar and "Boston" in 
the same province, 350,000, and the managers 
of the latter factory expect to manufacture 
25,000 more till th<} 31st inst., at which date 
8aid factory will definitely close down for the 
season. 



New York. 

(STAFF COBBESPONDENCE. ) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

There have been no new developments of 
any great magnitude throughout the week un- 
der review. General business in the ordinary 
run of supplies is still holding up in good shape, 
however, and when the entire situation is re- 
viewed the season's business in sugarhouse 
machinery has been very good. In fact, we 
hear of several manufacturers who make a 
wide variety of products and whose sugar- 
bouse equipment is but a small part of their 
product, who say that this year their sugar 
plant equipment business has shown up far 
better than the other branches. There is this 
certainty : Manufacturers are paying much 
bftter attention to the sugar industry as an 
outlet for their products, and they are being 
well repaid for their efforts. The engineering 
end of the sugar industry is receiving much bet- 
ter attention now than ever, as operators are 
constantly gaining in their appreciation of the 
advantages of up-to-date equipment. 

In connection with the big projects which are 
still held back we have it from good authority 
that it is scarcely likely that the Cuba Com- 
pany will do anything this year in the way of 
building a new plant in Cuba. It is asserted 
that they will probably extend the Jatibonico 
house somewhat, adding to the boiling plant 
and' possibly to the milling plant as well. In 
the case of extending the boiling department 
it is said that the contract for the entire ex- 
tension will probably be awarded to the French 
house of Cie De-Fives-Lille, who equipped the 
present boiling house. Concerning the milling 
department, we understand that it has not 
been decided just what shall be done. It is 
possible that the present mill will have three 
rolls added, making it a twelve roller mill, and 
then an entire new mill may be added. In 
any case we understand that it is altogether 
probable that the Fulton Iron Works, of St. 
Louis, will do the work, as they equipped the 
present plant and the mills are giving most 
excellent satisfaction. In the meantime Mr. 
Scaife, the administrator of Jatibonico, is still 
in Canada and has not as yet shown himself 
to the anxious ones in New York to inform 
them of his company's plan.s. 



It is said that an inquiry for a three-roll 
mill is being sent out by Bartram Bros, of 62 
Pearl street, New York. This firm own sev- 
eral estates in Santo Domingo and intend add- 
ing to their milling capacity at one of these 
plants. 

Mr. Eugenio De^paigne, administrator of 
the Cristobal Colon estate of San Pedro de 
Macoris, Santo Domingo, has been in town for 
a few days arranging for the purchase of sup- 
plies. He sails for Europe on Wednesday of 
this week on the steamship Mauretania. Mr. 
Henry R. Teepe, of 29 Broadway, is his Ameri- 
can representative and is attending to the pur- 
chasing of all the supplies. Orders for a new 
three-roll mill have been placed with the 
Fawcett-Preston Company, of Liverpool. An 
eight-foot vacuum pan has been purchased from 
the Caldwell-Wilcox Company, of Newburgh, 
N. Y., and two 90 by 20 return tubular boil- 
ers were ordered from Wickes Bros., of Sagi- 
naw, Mich. An auxiliary steam engine has also 
been obtained from the Atlas Engine Works, of 
Indianapolis, Ind. A large quantity of mis* 
cellaneous supplies are still to be purchased by 
Mr. Teepe, who acts as the American purchas- 
ing agent for a number of other sugar estates, 
as well as the Christobal Colon. 

Mr. W*m. Bass, owner of the Consuello es- 
tate, of Santo Domingo, whose home is in 
Brooklyn, N. Y., has just returned from a pro- 
longed stay at the estate. He reports that the 
Consuello made a record breaking crop and is 
In fine condition generally. Mr. Bass was 
formerly connected with the Pioneer Iron 
Works, of Brooklyn, which it will be recalled 
actually was a pioneer in the making of sugar- 
house machinery. This company was founded 
by the well known Mr. Alexander Bass, the 
man who introduced the use of portable indus- 
trial railways on sugar estates. 

Mr. James H. Fogarty, of 126 Liberty 
street. New York, reports that the Fogarty- 
Groshon air pump for use in connection with 
vacuum pans, triple effects and condensers, is 
meeting with pronounced success. Mr. John 
Groshon, the designer and engineer in charge 
of this branch of the business, who is an au- 
thority on hydraulics and one of the best 
known pumping engine men in this country, 
is busy laying out plants for several of the 
large sugar estates. He states that these 
pumps are installed and operated at about one- 
tenth the horse power required in the ordinary 
plants. 



New York. 

New York, July 30, 1909. 

Business has been big this week. The mar- 
ket gained 1 32c and the sales reported total 
about 300,000 bags Cubas and Porto Ricos, 
prompt and August shipment. 

At the close last week the market had be- 
come stronger. The refiners had been bid- 
ding 3.95, with no sellers at less than 3.98 1-2. 
Refined had been very dull, but the demand 
was improving and the situation commencing 
to show signs of real summer activity. The 
refiners entered the raw market at 3.98 1-2. 
The trade throughout the country came in 
for refined, not wishing to delay longer in 
replenishing stocks that had run down to a 
low ebb. The improvement in raw and re- 
fined conditions has continued. The market 
has kept the strength gained. Based on the 
developments that have occurred this week. 



the advance of 2 l-4d in Europe and the 
increased business in refined here, raw sugars 
to-day are w^orth more money and if trade 
makes good and the country doesn't take too 
long to consume the sugars now being shipped 
out, higher prices will be paid for the raw 
supplies obtainable. The refiners will not hold 
off in buying raws if they can see a larger 
outlet for refined. There are not many more 
Cuba or Porto Rico sugars to be sold. We 
are getting along now to the season of Javas. 
Some Javas should arrive here next month. 
These sugars, with the Cubas and Porto Ricos 
held by the refiners in warehouse, the ar- 
rivals from purchases already made, and the 
small balances from the crops still to come, 
will form the stocks to be drawn upon during 
the rest of the year. They are stocks that 
must be maintained, and in keeping them up 
and supplying the demand for refined sugar 
there is a basis for a firm market for a good 
while ahead. There won't be high prices; the 
big tonnage in Cuba and the recent long 
period of inactivity in refined are hard to 
o\'*rcome, but another 1-lOc in raws and 10 
points in refined will not be out of line with 
conditions, and if business shows that it has 
really started in to live up to what is expected 
of the sugar demand in summer weather, we 
will get the advances. 

The European markets to-day quote beets 
this month delivery at 10 8 1-4, equal to 
4.25 New York, next month at the same price, 
and October and December new crop at 10 
1 1-2, equal to 4.14. 

Cuba reports five factories still in operation 
and the sugar turned out so far is given as 
1,415,000 tons. The plantings for the new 
crop are progressing favorably. 

Refined Sugar : '1 he refined market is strong 
F. O. Bi net basis 4.85 less 1 per cent cash. 
While withdrawals have been good against 
purchases of last Monday, refiners can still 
ship promptly. Buying was heavy last Mon- 
day basis 4.75, and we advise our customers 
who can use more sugar than they now have 
bought to send us discretionary orders. 

Raw Sugar: At the close 6,000 bags Suri- 
nams and 3,000 San Domingos, afloat, have 
been sold at 4.02, an advance of 1-32 over 
the last price paid. 

M. G. Wanzor & Co. 



Hawaii. 

^ (STAFF COBRBSPONDBMCa.) 

Honolulu, July 20, 1909. 

The Japanese labor strike at Oahu planta- 
tion and Honolulu plantation, on this island, 
still holds the attention of the sugar planters! 
WTiile the strikers are running short of funds, 
there is no positive indication that the strike 
will soon be over and conditions remain about 
as they were at last writing. 

The failure of the Territorial authorities to 
convict ten Japanese from Oahu plantation, 
charged with riot, has had the effect of giving 
new courage to the strike leaders, as they 
believe it indicates a strong public sentiment 
in their favor. The Japanese were arrested 
for attempting to rescue two of their country- 
men from a regular police oflScer and Special 
Officer Scoville who is also chief engineer of 
th^ plantation mill. The two men were 
charged with beating a Japanese who desired 
to work on the plantation and when the oflicers 
arrived to take them away, there was quite 
a demonstration. The two oflScers were obliged 



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THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xlill. No. 6 



to barricade themselves in a small room and 
tiwait assistance from Honolulu, holding the 
strikers at bay with revolvers. When a de- 
tachment of officers arrived from Honolulu, 
they arrested ten of the besiegers and took 
them to Honolulu on a charge of riot. The 
trial, which lasted three weeks, has ended in 
a mistrial, the jury standing at six to six with- 
out hope of reaching a verdict. 

A somewhat similar case occurred at Wai- 
manalo plantation last week, in which county 
Bherifif Jarrett wn« surrounded by hundreds 
of Japanese after having arrested four of 
their number on warrants. Jarret was 
obliged to find securitv in the plantation office 
and telephone to Honolulu for assistance. 
After the trouble the Japanese on this plan- 
tation returned quietly to work. 

The increased expense of operating Honolulu 
and Oahu plantations with strike-breakers is 
very considerable. Besides the labor being 
paid a dollar and a half a day, the men are 
transported to and from the plantations, eight 
and thirteen miles respectively from Honolulu, 
by train. The extra expense, however, will 
not fall entirely on these two plantations as 
the cost of the strike is being borne by the 
Planters' Association. The final adjustment 
of these matters will require- some very expert 
calculations as tnere will be many complica- 
tions to be considered. 

The strike-breakers many of whom are native 
fiawaiians, are turning out to be very fair 
labor, although not nearly up to the standard 
of the Japanese. With increased experience, 
however, they are showing greater proficiency. 
Providential rains, which have been prevailing 
for the past few weeks, have been of great 
assistance to the plantations under strike as 
they have saved much irrigation and have per- 
n»tted the plantations to devote more attention 
to the grinding. 

It is learned that the Hawaiian sugar 
planters are securing considerable labor In the 
Philippines. A despatch from Manilla states 
that 250 laborers have left from the port of 
Cebu for the Hawaiian Islands, and that it 
Is expected that the Hawaiian planters' agents 
will send about 600 Filipinos a month to the 
islands until they have enough. This is by 
far the most important news bearing on the 
labor situation that has yet materialized as 
the Filipinos have 1)een found to be very 
efficient on the plantations here where they 
have been tried. 

A. J. Campbell, special agent of the Ter- 
ritorial Board of Immigration, has just cabled 
his arrival In London. He Is on his way to 
Europe to secure Portugese immigration labor, 
and in this he is receiving the aid of the 
Federal government. Governor Frear has 
just received word from the Secretary of the 
Interior that the State Department and the 
Department of Commerce and Labor will lend 
every possible assistance to Mr. Campbell, and 
has detailed a physician from the United States 
Marine Service to accompany him. The service 
of the government's physician will avoid com- 
plications that might arise In bringing immi- 
grants into United States territory through 
questions that might be raised as to health 
regulations. 

A. W. Perelstrous, a Russian contractor from 
Vladivostok, is now in Honolulu, and is ne- 
gotiating with the planters for bringing Rus- 
sian immigrants from Harbin. The labor 
bureau of the Plant^ers* Association is now con- 



sidering the matter. It will be remembered, in 
this connection, laat a large party of Russian 
Molokans was once brought from California 
and given lands at Kapaa, Kaua,. These 
proved an absolute failure, and the planters 
were glad to ship them back whence they 
came. 

M. A. Silva, agent of the Territorial Board 
of Immigration, has been instructed to select 
all desirable families from among a number 
of Spanish immigrants who were brought to 
Hawaii about a year ago, but who left for 
California and are now destitute in San Fran- 
cisco, and send them back to Hawaii. 

Several Portugese and Porto Rlcan families, 
former residents In the Islands who have 
become discouraged with conditions in Cali- 
fornia, will also be brought back by the Board 
of Immigration. 

Sugar shipments through the Sugar Factors 
Company, which handles nearly all the sugar 
manufactured In the islands, amounted to 
290,000 tons up to July 1st, leaving 152,000 
tons yet to be shipped. Of this amount the 
S.S. Massachusetts has just left with 11,000 
tons and the S.S. Alaskan wll leave at the 
end of the month with 11,000 more. These 
two steamers go via the straits of Magellan. 
Forty thousand tons will be shipped to the 
Crockett Refinery, on the Pacific Coast, and 
the balance, 90,000 tons will be shipped to 
New York via Tehuantepec. 

Notwithstanding the strike, the stock mar- 
ket remains firm and many sales have occurred, 

Mrs. Armanda Delmas. 

On August 5th Mrs. Amanda Delmas, widow 
of the lato John T. Delmas, died on her plan- 
tation, near Patterson, where she had resided 
for thirty -one years. Mrs. Delmas was a na- 
tive of the State of Kentucky, but almost all 
of her life was passed in Louisiana and since 
the death of Mr. Delmas, many years ago, 
she had the active management of her ex- 
tensive sugar property and carried It on with 
a marked degree of success until the infirmities 
of age compelled her to give up such an active 
existence. Mrs. Delmas, along with Miss Kate 
Minor, was a member of the Louisiana Sugar 
Planters' Associations, these two ladles being 
elected members a number of years ago and be- 
ing the only women on the membership roll 
of the organization. Mrs. Delmas leaves no 
children and her surviving relatives are Mrs. 
Wm. Gooch, of Patterson, La., and William, 
Edwin and Emma Turner, of New Orleans. Her 
funeral takes place to-day, Saturday, at 10 
o'clock, at Patterson, La. 



Personal 

Messrs. John Farr and B. H. Howell, prom- 
inent sugar people of New York City, have 
been In New Orleans during the past week and 
they were accompanied by Mr. F. B. Canfield, 
Jr., who is the general superintendent of large 
sugar planting interests in this State and Cuba, 
bf»Ionging to the Cuban American Company. 
Mr. B. Glathe, Jr., chief engineer of the Cuban 
American Company, was also In the party. 

Mr. C. D. Gondran, of Belle Helene, La., 
where he has large sugar planting interests, 
was at the Cosmopolitan Hotel on Thursday 
last. 

M. J. Bonvillain, Esq., of Terrebonne parish, 
was in New Orleans during the past week and 
made his headquarters at the Monteleone Ho- 
tel. 

^Ir. L. M. Sonlat, of the Cedar Grove place, 
ill Iberville parish, was in New Orleans on 
Thursday on one of his periodical business 
trips. 



A Tour Through Some Parts of India, 
December, 1907, to ApHI, 1908. 

SUGAB, AGBICULTUBAL; AND MANUFACTX7BI1TQ 
OPERATION, BT PETOt ABEL. 

{Continued from IsBUe of July 24.) 

Cost of Manufadure-'Thla Is variously put 
Mr. Mollison gives the contract rate as Ba. 5 
for 4 Dheps of 148 to 160 lbs, average say 
154 lbs. 

This would work out at Ra. 18. 2.10 A. P. 
per ton for gur, say 2, 1, 4. 2 8-4. 

Professor Knight gives the cost at Bs. 1.8 
per 252 lbs of gul. This would represent, per 
ton £0.17.9^. Mr. MlUlgan before the Board 
at Cawnpore 1907 gives the cost of 30 mamids 
gur at R&. 62.8— per ton 3.15. 1-2. 

There is a wide difference between these fig- 
ures, and I cannot say if it Is due to any con- 
siderable difference In the weight of the Pan- 
jab Maund. 

To me, unfamiliar with these differences, or 
with the figure which may Jbe running in the 
mind of an expert at sugar making as possible 
extraction or normal cost, the figures given on 
pp. 21, 22 of Khan Bahadur Mahomed Hadi's 
1905 Bulletin 19 are rather bewilder hig. 

They are got up with the object of showing 
the superiority of Mr. HadPs method over the 
old system of treatment of juice and rab, and 
as they may be clear enough to others, I give 
Ihcm here as they stand. 

OUT-TUBN OF BUGAB. 

"The ordinary Bel of Bohllkhund works uy 
about 4000 maunds of juice in a season ; larger 
bels are said to work up as much as 8000 
maunds, but in their case we have not entirely 
trustworthy figures of the yield of sugar. Tak- 
ing as a standard a bel working up 4000 
maunds of juloe. It is usually assumed that 
800 maunds of rab or 20 per cent is a maxi- 
mum yield. About 33 per cent of this, or say 
265 maunds of khand may be hoped for, to- 
gether with about 430 maunds of molasses; 
thus about one-eighth of the rab is lost during 
the later stages of the process. These figures 
represent a thoroughly satisfactory out-turn 
under the existing system of manufacture. 

"With the Improved plant and methods de- 
scribed above, 8000 maunds of juice can be con- 
veniently dealt with. Of this about 1480 
maunds or 185 per cent Is obtained as rab on 
the average of the various experiments. Thus 
the yield of rab is slightly below that of the old 
system, but the difference is in water and dirt, 
not In sugar. From 1480 maunds of rab the 
new system has given, on the average of dif- 
ferent determinations, 680 maunds of khan<), or 
about 46 per cent; the actual percentage has 
varied from 40 to 52 and In one exceptional 
case 57. There will also be about 800 maunds 
of molasses, so that the loss of rab under the 
uew system la nominal, being limited to the 
trifling amount that sticks to the different im- 
plements. 

"To compare the out-turn obtained under the 
old and new system it Is necessary to double the 
figures for the former given above; then from 
8000 maunds of juice In each case the out-turn 
will be as follows : 

SYSTEM 

I OLD I NKW 

"Rab 1600 14a0 



"Khand . 
"Molasses 

"IjOSS ... 



530 I 680 
870 1 800 
210 I Noti 

"This comparison is favorable to the old sys- 
tem in that a high out-turn of rab Is assumed. 



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August 7, 1909.] 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



91 



probably 60 to 80 maunds more than is ob- 
tained on the average. 

"As regards vtloe, the khand made by the 
new system is distinctly superior to the old, but 
for comparative purposes the two may be val- 
ued at the same price, whicb may be put at 
R«. 9 per maund. The molasses obtained by 
the new system are an altogether different ar- 
ticle to what are now produced, and can be 
safely valued at Rs. 2 per maund against Rs. 
1.8, the current price of the existing product 

"At these rates the value of a season's pro- 
duce under the old system is Rs. 6,060; under 
the new Rs. 7,720, after making every i>ossible 
allowance. There can be no doubt therefore 
that the new process yields a much more valu- 
able out-turn than the old from a given weight 
of raw material. It remains to examine the 
cost of this increased yield. 

"Cost of Production— The cost of the Juice is 
the same in both processes and may be taken at 
Rs. 32 per saikra, a unit which is equivalent to 
32 1-2 standard maunds or Rs. 4,006 for the 
quality dealt with in one season. The cost of 
making rab by the old system is fairly well as- 
certained and may be safely put at Rs. 8. 6. 
per 100 maunds juice, a rate which includes the 
annual erection of the bel. This gives Rs. 670 
for the season. The cost of making khand may 
be put at Rs. 0. 8. per maund of rab used, or 
Rs. 800, so that the total working expense of 
the old system are Rs. 1470. 

"Under the new system the cost of boiling is 
greatly reduced, being only Rs. 285 exclusive of 
the cost of fuel, but the erection of the furnace 
costs more; the two items together come to 
Rs. 510 as against Rs. 670. The cost of mak- 
ing khand may be safely put at about 9 1-2 an- 
nas per maund of rab or Rs. 880 for the sea- 
son; the total working exi>en8es are therefore 
Rs. 1390 or appreciably less than under the 
old system. 

"The accounts then stand as follows: 



"Value of product. 



SYSTEM 

OLD I NSW 

6060 I 7720 



"Cost of juice I 4096 

"Working expenses • I 1470 

"Profit (interest depreciation ( 

& eamgs of mangment) ... | 494 



4096 
1390 

2234 



"It is difficult to estimate the interest that 
that should be allowed ; but as most of the capi- 
tal goes in the purchase of raw materials (which 
cost the same in both cases) and as the new 
process enables the sugar to be put on the mar- 
ket some uMmths earlier than is possible under 
the old, the amount of interest is practically the 
same in both cases. 

"The boiling plant used in the new process 
as described above costs us Rs. 400. A set of 
pans for an ordinary bel costs Rs. 300 and the 
cost would be close on Rs. 400 for a bel of the 
large size assumed, the greatest cost of copper 
is saved in the simpler process of construction 
of the new pans. Thus interest and deprecia- 
tion of the pans will be about the same in both 
cases. 

"Three centrifugal machines will be needed 
with plant of the size described in order to 
work up the rab promptly. One centrifugal will 
deal with 130 to 150 maunds of rab in a month ; 
with three machines, the quantity produced will 
be worked up in about 3 1-2 months ; if two ma- 
chines are used, about 6 1-2 months will be 
necessary. ' ■ 

"Their cost will be Rs. 1250. On these fig- 



ures it will be seen that a manufacturer who 
works the new process as successfully as it has 
been worked in our experiments could pay for 
the three centrifugals out of his first year's 
profits and yet have a materially larger balance 
of profit than one who worked the old system. 
After the first year his profits would be very 
much greater. Or to put it in another way, if 
the centrifugals last only three seasons (and 
they ought to last far longer) one third of their 
cost can be charged against each year and the 
balance of profit under the new system will be 
more than three times the profit under the 
old. 

"Implicit reliance cannot of course be placed 
on the details of these calculations, but there 
is such an enormous margin in favor of the new 
system that it can be confidently recommended 
for trial provided the man employed to manage 
the boiling has been trained practically in the 
details of the various operations. 

**The following details of the cost of opera- 
tions will be of interest to practical men. The 
daily cost of working the boiling plant, exclu- 
sive of the cost of fuel, is approximately as 
follows : 

Rs. As P 

"Pay of head Boiler 6 

"Pay of second Boiler 4 

"Pay of darogha 3 6 

"Pay of Clarifier 3 

"Pay of two Firemen 4 

"Pay of two Coolies 6 

"Pay of one Chaukidar 2 

"Cost of earthen pots inc. cartage. .10 

"Cost of Soda, Sajji, Deula, etc 8 

Total .886 

"For working three centrifugals the daily 
cost will be: 

Rs As P 

"Pay of Miatri 8 

"Pay of 24 labs, as at 3 for wk. mch 4 8 

"Pay of Bhisti 8 

"Pay of 12 laborers handling the su- 
gar and miscellaneous work 1 14 

"Cost of oil 4 

"Cost of Chemicals 6 

Total 7 11 

"With eight labourers to each centrifugal 
work can go on easily for eight hours a day, 
during which each machine will deal with about 
5 maunds af rab. Thus the actual cost is prac- 
tically 8 annas a maund; but in the foregoing 
account it has been put at 9 annas 6 pies to al- 
low for occasional loss of time. 

"It should be added that the cost of working 
can be consideraoly reduced if power for driv- 
ing the centrifugals is available, but we are 
not yet in a position to say whether the saving 
would be sufficient to pay for a steam or oil 
engine, and the use of centrifugals worked by 
hand is perfectly practicable. Of course if the 
sugar manufacturer has an engine standing Idle, 
it will pay him exceedingly well to drive the 
centrifugals by its means, and the hand ma- 
chines can be easily adapted to power working." 

In giving the figure for the extraction of rab 
from juice by the old process, it is to be re- 
gretted that Mr, Hadi has not been more defi- 
nite than merely a89uming that it was 20%. 
The saccharine value of the juice dealt with in 
each case would have been of use. As it is, we 
also are compelled to assume that the value 
was the same, and as Mr. Hadi himself in- 
forms us that the difference in the percentage of 
rab was due to water and dirt in that made by 
the old system, we can only conclude that this 



water and dirt accounts for the loss of 210 
maunds by that system shown. 

Taking Mr. Hadi's own figures and again as- 
suming that they are correct : 



The net cost or 
juice and khand 
IS, by ^Id pro- 
cess (for530mds) 
Rs. 666(5 

By new . process ; 
630 mde. Rs. 

5486 

Rabalone : 



Rs. per 
Maund 



10. 7. 9 



I a 1. 1 



£ Per Ton 



19. LIO 



I 14. 10. 1 



R8.per 
maund. 



Rabalone : 
1600 mds. rab by old pro- 
cess— Rs. 670 0.6.8 

1480 mds. rab by new pro- 
cess— Rs. 510 0.5.6 

530 Khand without cost of 

juice, old process Rs. 1470. .2.12.4 
680 Khand without cost of 
juice, new process Rs. 1800. .2.0.8 



£per 
ton^ 



0.16.1H 
0.12.6 
6. 1.2H 
8.16.7 



Cost of juice Mr. Hadi assumes to be the 
same in each case — 8000 maunds old process 
Rs. 4096, per maund Rs. 0. S. 2. From this, 
and from a statement mUde elsewhere by Mr. 
Hadi as to extraction by mills, we ascertain 
that (Agriculture Ledger 1008 No. 8, p. 211) 
he was paying Rs. 0. 4. 1 per maund of canes 
or per ton 9 3 1-2. 

• Mr. Hadi does not give the number of crop 
days. He however gives Rs. 285 as the cost of 
working the new system for a season, and Rs. 
3. 3. 6 (page 91) as the daily cost of carrying 
on boiling operations. This would indicate a 
crop of 88 days duration. 

But in giving the working capacity of the 
centrifugals he states (page 89) that each will 
deal with 130 to 150 maunds of rab in a month. 
I take the higher figure and the three machines 
he considers necessary to work off the 1480 
maunds in 3^ months, and givhig both Hindu 
and Musalman the Christian Sunday, i. e., 24 
working days in one month, I arrive at 84 days, 
ing days in one month, I arrive at 84 days. 

These at Rs. 7.11 per day for working the 
centrifugals would bring the cost of spinning 
680 maunds of Khand to Rs. 645.12, say Rs. 
0.15.2 per maund of Khand— Rs. 28.6.6 (£1. 
17.10 1-2) per ton. 

But Mr. Hadi states that each machine deals 
with 5 maunds of rab per day: SXdaslS. 
1480-15=98 2-3 days. 98 2-3 days at Rs. 7.13 
give Rs. 75a6.3=£50.11.2%. 

680 Maunds=s24.2 tons. 

£50.11.2%— 24.2=£2.1.9 or $10.02 per ton 
for spinning — very expensive work. 

Mr. Hadi has shown that the cost of making 
Khand by the old process including the cost of 
the juice (which I take it means the cost of the 
cane) is £19.1.10 per ton but that his improved 
factory reduces it to 14.10.1 per ton. 

He has also shown that 3.16.7 per ton is the 
cost of making Khand without cost of juice^ 
£10.13.6 per ton, therefore, would appear to be 
the cost of the canes. 

We have already seen that the cost of one 
ton of canes is 9/3 l-2d. or $2.23. RMuced to 
dollars and cents £10.13.6 give $51.24. $51^24— 
2.23=23 tons cane to one ton Khand. 

In one large Gurhal I was at some trouble to 
find out the number of hands employed and the 
cost of the operations. I give the statement 
hereunder : 



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92 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xUll, No. 6 



Rs As P 

Cutting canes 8 men at 4 as 2 

Carrying out of field 16 men at 4 as 4 
Carting say 1-2 mile six 2 bullock 

carts, 1 driver each, 6 men at 4 as 1 8 
Women stripping cane in yara, 20 wo- 
men 2 as 2 8 U 

Cutting (junking) canes for mill 

5 men at 4 as 1 4 

Carrying to mill, 5 men as 3^ as.. . 1 3 

Feeding mills, 2 men at 3^ as 6 6 

Moving megass, 3 men at 3^ as. . . 1 3 

Boys at strainers, 2 boys at 2 as ... . 4 

Firemen, 16 men at 3 l-2as 3 8 

Boilermen, 16 men at 3 1-2 as 3 8 

Potting sugar, 10 men at 4 as 2 8 

Head Boilers (2), 2 men at 4 as 8 

Boiler firemen, 1 man at 4 1-2 as. . . . 4 6 

Engineer, 1 man at 1 1-2 as 1 8 

Oiler, 1 man at 3 as 3 

earning wood to boiler 1 woman 

at 2 as 2 U 

117 Hands. Rs. 26 6 

for 6,200 lbs gui, or per ton say $3.01. This 
is practically identical with Mr. Hadi's cost of 
rab (12/6d.) by his new process, in which how- 
ever is not included the cost of cutting and 
transporting the cane. The gul was, moreover, 
a finished product and was put on the market 
as such. 

Taking Mr. Hadi's statement as to crushing 
(in the Agricultural ledger. No. 8 of 1893), 
Crushing usually 50 mauuds juice from 100 

mauuds cane : 

Per Ton 
23 tons cane at a 50% crush would cost 

$51.24 or $ 2.23 

20 tons cane at a 60% crush would cost 2.56 
17.27 tns cane at a 70% crush would est 2.96 
35 tons canes at a 80% crush would est 3.38 

These figures cover the range of crushing as 
given on the records of the Agricultural Dt:- 
partment. 

One prominent fabricant informed me he 
paid a price for the juice which left the grower 
5 annas a maund for the cane. This works out 
at $2.75 per ton. 

In Madras payment is all made on the ex- 
traction shown by crushing and boiling down to 
jaggery a few of the raiyat*8 canes, and I was 
informed that nothing would induce them to 
agree to any other method of ascertaining their 
value or to work together, and that in conse- 
quence of this and the increasing cost of la- 
bour, the Sugar Industry is dying out. 

Losses In Manufacture — At this gumal there 
was double crushing of exsellent soft canes. It 
is not of course possible to judge of crushing 
with absolute accuracy by its mere appearance. 
Ilere it certainly looked better than anything I 
bad seen in other parts of India and might have 
been anywhere near 75%, but as the quantity of 
juice dealt with to make one ton of gul as well 
as the weight of the canes was unknown, I was 
no wiser than before and could only conclude, 
as there was no waste except in the skimmings 
and not very much there, that the manufacture 
was excellent. 

Losses there must be, however, in many small 
establishments, as Dr. Leather has called atten- 
tion to them, and for those due to inversion has 
suggested the best cure as yet known — lime. 
Prevention is of course better than cure, and 
prevention lies in fresh canes, clean appliances 
and rapid working. 

It is, however, among the large concerns which 
collect tteir canes over widely scattered areas, 
and whose control of the supply, quality and 
condition must necessarilly be very imperfect, 
that I should look for the greatest losses in 
manufacture — not through imperfections in ma- 
chinery or methods, but simply from the want 
of that control which I have indicated. 

Labour — This want of control to a large su- 



gar factory which should run like a clock, means 
much more than mere loss of a little sugar oc- 
casionally from stale canes, increased fuel con- 
sun^ption, or increased cost and demoralization 
of labour. The losses due to want of control 
can only be gauged with any approach to accu- 
racy by the man on the spot. Much is said in 
India as to the non-success of Ontral Facto- 
ries. I am not acquainted with the history of 
circumstances of a single one, nor did attempt 
any inquiry, but I could see difficulties in all 
directions. Not the least of these was helpless 
dependance upon the small and irresponsible 
cane grower. Whether this is as yet sufficiently 
recognized in India I i^ave not ascertained. 

Much is also said as to cheap Indian labour, 
yet everywhere I went I heard oomplaints as to 
a constantly increasing scarcity. As yet I have 
never seen cheap labour, and, for sugar grow- 
ing as there carried on. xndia is the last country 
in which I should look for it. 



The prospect of extensive orders for machin- 
ery from the British Islands is not very clear. 
The Raiyat is still in the Wooden Mill stage, 
nnd the iron mills of local make will probably 
be found replacing the wooden mill as the cir- 
cumstances of the cultivator improves. 

Toward the improvement of his circumstances 
much is being done by the government through 
the recently appointed Registrar of CJo-opera- 
tive Societies, Mr. W. R. (Jourlay, a gentleman 
from whom in future much more may, with con- 
fidence, be expected. 

In November, 1907^ there were over 216 of 
these societies in existence working on the Raif- 
feisen or the Schulze-Delitzsch system, or a mod- 
ification of both, and the results are said to be 
most encouraging. ' 

According to Thacker*s Indian Directory for 
1908, the sugar factories in India are: 

BENGAL. 

Baijnath Juggilal Sugar Factory, P. O. Sakri, 
Darbhanga. Factory at Sakri, B. & N. W. Ry. 
Proprietor, Baijnath Juggilal, Banker, C^wn- 
pore; manager, Thomas Poulter. 

Behea Sugar Cane Mills, Behea, Shadabad. 
Proprietor, Ernest Mylne; managers, R. Far- 
rant, Sahara npur, and A. C. Fox, Behea. 

Champaran Sugar Co., Ltd., Bara, Chakia, 
Champa ran. Registered office 123-1 Halsey 
Road, (}awnpore ; capital Rs. 6,00,000. Manag- 
ing agents, Begg Sutherland & CJo., Cawnpore ; 
manager, Wm. Scott ; cane inspector, G. R. Mac- 
donald; engineer, George W. Miller; assistants, 
Archibald Cameron and G. Matthews. Agents, 
Begg Dunlop & Co,^ Calcutta and London. 

Cossipore Sugar Works, 20 Gun Foundry 
Road, Cossipore. near Calcutta. Manager, E. 
R. Osgood; assistants, J. Prentice, P. H. Wal- 
ker, W. Joachim, R. Wells and S. Dunckley; 
managing agents. Turner, Morrison & Co., 6 
Lyons Range, Calcutta. 

India Development Co., Sugar Works, Ottur 
Mosaffurpur; Seraha, Champaran, and Burho- 
gah Chapra. Registered office, 50, 51 Lime St., 
London. Superintendent, R. Hudson. Works' 
managers, H. M. Carey and A. W. Gordon. Chief 
chemist. W. J. Grieve. Accountant, A. R. Bar- 
bour. Engineers, J. L. J. Deane and J. A. 
Marshall. Managing agents in India, Octavius 
Steel & CJo., Calcutta. 

Ganges Sugar Company. — (Does not appear 
in Thacker). 

Japaha Sugar Co., The, Post Town and Dis- 
trict Mozaffurpur. Proprietors, The Japaha 



Sugar Co. Managing director, G. L. Richard- 
son, factory manager, T. O. B. Norman; en- 
gineer, L. H. Huthwaite; agents, Begg Suther- 
land & C3o., Cawnpore. 

Kotchandpore Sugar Refinery, Jessore. Pro- 
prietor, Nil Chandra Roy. 

Partabpore Sugar Factory, Mairwa P. 0. 
Saran. Proprietors, L. M. Macdonald. H. L. 
Macdonald, T. M. Macdonald and C. N. Mac- 
donald. Manager, C. A. Ferguson ; engineer, ^L 
Power; assistants, J. A, J. Macpherson and J. 

A. Hamilton. 

Pursa Sugar Factory, P. O. Lauriya. Tel. 
office, Chanputtia, (Champaran. Managing di- 
rector, F. W^ Gordon, Canning ; manager, H. C. 
Finzel; assistants and pan boilers, R. Adams 
and J. McCormick; head accountant, C. Ban- 
orji. Sole agents. Bird & Co., Calcutta, Cawn- 
pore, etc. 

Tarpore Sugar Works, Tarpore. Post office. 
Kotechandpur Jeesore. Head office, Tarpur. 
Proprietor, Maharaj Bahadin Sing. Proprietor's 
office, Baluchar Jiaganj; Postoffice, Mursbida- 
bad. Calcutta office, 4 Syamabye's Lane, Bara 
Bazar. Manager, G. C. Bothra ; assistant man- » 
tiger, P. C. Samsukha; engineer, Gilbert Price. 

UNITED PROVINCES AGRA AND GUDH. 

Cawnpore Sugar Works, Ltd., Cawnpore. 
Registered Office, Chamber of Commerce Build- 
ings, Cawnpore. Capital, paid up, Rs. 10,00,000. 
Directors, C. May Arrindell, Bar at Law, A. 

B. Shakespear and W. G. Bevis. Factories at 
Cawnpore and Marhonrah. Cawnpore Supt., J. 
McGlashan, F. C. S.; Chemist, P. H. Carpenter: 
assistants, R. O. Smith, G. H. Dickson and P. 
Bryan. Marhonrah P. O., Marhonrah ; Tel. 
office, Ramgollsh. Supt. Saran properties, C. J. 
Mackay; Estates Staif, J. B. Rutherford, G. 
Llewellyn, A. M. Walters and L. G. Kemp. Fac- 
tory manager, R. Moodie; Managing Agents, 
Begg, Sutherland & Co., Cawniwre. Calcutta 
and London Agents, Begg Dunlop & Co. 

Pertabpore Sugar Factory, Gorakhpur Mair- 
wa. Registered office, 42 Frederick street, 
Edinburgh. Proprietors, Pertabpur CJo., Ltd. 
Manager, C. A. Ferguson; assistant manager, 
J. A. J. Macpherson; engineer, M. Power; 
chemist J. Hanlilton; selling agents, Bird & 
Co. .Calcutta. 

Rosa Sugar Works and Distillery, Rosa, 
Shahjehanpur. Registered office, 25 Mangoe 
Lane, Calcutta. C^apital, 16,00,000 in 16,000 
shares of Rs. 1(X) each fully paid up. Manager. 
E. Simmons; assistants, F. G. Anderson, C. B. 
Hadengue, A .M. I. M. E., C. E. Gardiner, A. 
W. Softly and A. G. Christiensen. Proprie- 
tors, Carew & Co., Ltd. Managing agents, 
Lyall Marshall & Co. 

PUNJAB. 

Punjab Sugar Works and Patent Carbonic 
Acid Gas Co., Ltd. P. O., Sujanpur via Path- 
ankote Gurdaspur. Capital, Rs. 2,00,000; paid 
up, 1,61,400 in 1614 shares at Rs. 100 each. 
Directors, E. W. Parker, J. H. Herdon, manag- 
ing director, and W. Muir Mafison. Factory 
manager and engineer, Seth Jehangir Cursetjee 
Umregur. Agent, F. S. Gandy, 111 Anarkaii 
street, Lahore. 

BOMBAY. 

Poona Sugar Works & Rum Distillery, The, 
Wanowrie, Poone. Proprietor, K. A. Gas- 
wala, bar at law. 

Gaekwar Sugar Works & Distillery Co., Ltd., 
Poona. Capital, 3,50,000, in 3,500 shares of 
Rs. 100 each. Directors, Sir Jamsetjee Jeejeeb- 



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THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



93 



hoy Bart., Hon. Sirdar Khan Bahadur Naoro- 
jee Pudumjee, Hon. Vijbhucandas Atmaram, P. 
S. Chenai and K. A. Ghaswala, bar at law. 
Sees and agents, K. A. Ghaswala & Co. 

MADRAS. 

M. A. Abdul Kadir Sahib's Sugar Manufac- 
tory, Rompicherla Cuddapah. Manager, K. Ab- 
dul Kadir Sahib; assistant, A. Abdul Aziz Sa- 
hib. 

Aska Sugar Works & Distillery. Works at 
A>>ka Ganjam. Proprietor, "F. J. V. Minchin; 
manager, Numa Haussmann ; engineer, F. New- 
land. 

Deccan Sugar & Abkarri Co., Ltd., The, Sam- 
alkot Godaveri. Registered office, 1st Line 
Beach. Madras. Capital, 10,00.000; paid up, 
lis, 7,154.000 itt 1.528 shares of Rs. 500 each. 
Debentures, Rs. 23,78,000. Directors, H. M. 
Knight, Hy. C. King and A. J. Morton. Man- 
aging agents. Parry & Co., Madras. 

East India Distilleries & Sugar Factories, 
Ltd., The. Registered office, 70 Gracechurch 
fitreet, London, E. C. Factories at Madras and 
Nellikuppam. Capital £280,000. Number of 
shares : preference, 200,000 at £1 each and 100,- 
iKfO ordinary at 16/ each. Paid up, £280,000; 
debentures, £120,000. Directors, E. S. Orme- 
rod. Col. Hurlock Prichard, C. S. I., W. S. 
^haw and Wm. Morgan. Managing agents, 
Parrj- & C>>., 1st Line Beach, Madras. 

Groribidnor Sugar Factory, Goribidnor, My- 
sore State. Agent and Manager, A. Forrester; 
assistant manager, G. M. Shaw ; engineer, V. A. 
Stewart ; proprietors, Arbuthnot & Co., Madras. 

Petal Sugar Refining Co., Ltd., The. Reg- 
istered office, Tachanaloor, Tinnev^lly Bridge. 
Capital, 3,00,000 in 3,000 shares of Rs. 100 
each ; paid up, Rs. 2,40,000. Directors, Syedjes 
Miah Meeramohedhin Tharanagar and S. P. 
Hafiz Mahamed Meera Mohid Chimlabbai 
Manager, A. Nelliappa Pillayan. 

Ripon Press & Sugar Mill Co., Ltd., Bellary. 
(No particulars). 

Sri Ram Sugar and Distillery Works. Factory 
at Podanur, Coimbatore. Sole proprietor, Ral 

A. T. Theruvengadajsawmy Moodeliar Bahadur. 
Mana|[eT, A. Dorasawmi Moodeliar. 

STAJFF OF THE IMPERIAL AND PROVINCIAL DE- 
PARTMENTS OF AGRICULTURE, INDIA. 

Imperial Department af Agriculture. 

Experimental Forma. — 1. Agricultural Re- 
:search lustitute, Pusa, Bengal, (General Ex 
periment Station). 

Educational Institutions. — 1. Agriculturai 
College, Pusa, Bengal. 

Inspector General of Agriculture, J. Molli 
ton, M. R. A. C. 

Assistant Inspector General of Agriculture, 
T. F. Main, B. So. 

Director of Agricultural Research Institute 
and Principal of Agricultural College, Pusa, 

B. Coventry. 

Agricultural Chemist, Dr. I. W. Leather, Ph. 
D. 

Ciyptogamic Botanfot, Dr. E. J. Butler. 
M. B. 

Entomologist, H. M. Lefroy, M. A., F. E. S.. 
F. Zs. 

Agri-Horticdlturist, E. Shearer, M. A., B. Sc. 

Agri-Bacteriologist, CJ. Bertheil. 

Biological & Economic Botanist, A. Howard, 
M. A. 

Trovinciftl Departments of Agriculture'. 

Bombay — G. Keatinge, Director; F. Fletcher, 
M. A., Dep. Director. 

Madras — M. B. Couchman, I. O. S., Director ; 
• C. Benson, M. R. A. C, Dep. Director. 



Bengal — N. D. Beatson Bell, B. A., Director ; 
F. Smith, Dep. Director. 

United Provinces — W. H. Moreland, B. A., 
C. I. E., I. C. S., Director; I. M. Hayman, D. 
V. S.. Dep. Director. 

Punjab*— W^ C. Renouf, I. C. S., Director; 
S. Milligan, M. A., Dep. Director. 
{Conduded.) 



♦Sanction obtained April, 3908, for creation of 
posts for three Assistant Directors of Agri- 
culture, five Assistant Professors of Agricul- 
ture; Agricultural Chemist, Economic Bot- 
any, Mycology and Entomology and six Lab- 
oratory Assistants in same subjects. 



Fuels. 

(A paper by Mr. J. C. Mlms read before the 
lioulMana Engineers, I'liemists and Sugar Makers' 
Aissociatlon, Aug. 5, 1909.) 

Fuels are those organic substances which are 
utilized for the heat they produce in combus- 
tion. The combustible portion of all common 
fuels consists mainly of carbon and hydrogen 
and it is the chemical union of oxygen with 
these elements, brought about by a high heat, 
that constitutes what we all term combustion. 
It is not withiu the scope of this brief article 
to examine into every scientific point relating to 
fuels and their combustion, but I hope to bring 
out a few of the most important facts that 
should be before every user of fuels. 

The efficiency of any fuel must primarily be 
in accordance with its heating value. The 
heating value of a fuel depends upon its chem- 
ical composition, as upon combustion, every 
pound of carbon contained in a ton of coal 
gives up a definite quantity of heat and so does 
every pound of hydrogen or any other com- 
bustible or oxidizable element. For the pur- 
pose of furnishing A basis of calculation, a 
definite heat unit is necessary. The one in 
common use is called the British thermal unit 
and is the quantity of heat necessary to raise 
one pound of water one degree Fahrenheit, and 
in its application it expresses a definite amount 
of heat, which may be applied to any quantity 
of water. Two British thermal units of heat 
will either raise one pound of water two de- 
grees F. or two pounds one degree. Similarly 
a pound of coal having 12,000 B. T. Us. would 
raise one pound of water 12,00j0 degrees, 12,000 
pounds one degree or 6,000 pounds two degrees 
and so on. 

In the method of testing fuels, a small quan- 
tity is burned within a bomb, entirely sub- 
merged in water in which is placed a delicate 
thermometer reading to 1-lOOth of a degree F., 
and from the rise in temperature of this wa- 
ter after the combustion in the bomb is cal- 
culated the heating or calorific value of the 
fuel. 

The cheapest fuel is the one which will fur- 
nish the greatest amount of heat for each dol- 
lar of its cost, and in the case of solid fuels 
which leave an unconsumed residue, or ash, the 
cost of the fuel includes the cost of the re- 
moval of itvS ash. The cost of fuel also in- 
cludes the cost of firing, and in fact everything 
connected with the fuel up to the time the 
ashes are removed. 

At the present time the principal fuel in use 
in the sugarhouse is coal. To a great many 
person:^ coal is coal. This fallacy accounts 
for the excessive fuel bills in many steam 
plants, for in my experience in the testing 
of coals I have found the arih to vary from 
about two per cent to forty per cent and, 
strange to say, the highest ash coals were not I 



sold at the lowest price. The calorific or heat- 
ing value of coals shows nearly as much varia- 
tion, ranging from about 7,000 to 15,000 B. T. 
XJs. Good coal can be had at reasonable prices 
whenever the buyers insist on having it and 
take steps to see that they get it, either by 
relocated analysis or by evaporative tests. The 
first and most imjwrtant consideration for 
efficient fuel is that the fuel itself should be 
good, for if the fuel does not contain the 
requisite heat units no amount of careful firing 
or steam saving can cut down the fuel bill. 
I have known engineers to be chasing all over 
the house hunting for steam leaks, taking in- 
dicator cards from their engines and in vain 
attempting to locate the cause of a suddenly 
increased fuel combustion, when finally the coal 
was chemically tested and found to contain 
about 11.000 heat units per pound, when their 
contract called for 14,000, and presumably this 
latter coal had been formerly supplied, and the 
poorer coal, requiring so much more to keep 
up steam, naturally was b^ing burned at a 
more rapid rate, thus giving rise to the sus- 
picion that the coal was being wasted by reck- 
less firing. . 

In the reporting of analytical results it is 
customary to report the heat units in the dry 
coal and in comparing the analysis of one coal 
with another, special attention must be paid 
to the moisture content; for two coals each 
having say 13,000 B. T. Us. per pound of dry 
coal, one with 1 per cent moisture and the 
other with 11 per cent moisture, the latter 
would be just 90 per cent of the efficiency of 
the former. Again in coals of high ash con- 
tent it is well to remember that freight has 
to be paid on this ash and money has to be 
paid out for its removal, after being burned ; a 
reduction in price in proportion to the excess 
ash would not be sufficient to compensate for 
its excess cost to the user, but the reduction 
should also cover excess freight and additional 
cost in getting rid of the ashes. 

In regard to their burning qualities, coal 
may be divided into two great classes, anthra- 
cite and bituminous. The anthracite coals are 
hard and flinty, with a gla^Blike lustre, whilst 
the bituminous are softer and usually of a 
dead black, with little or no lustre. Between 
these classes come the semi-anthracite and the 
semi-bituminous, taking their names from the 
class which they most closely resemble. 

The proximate analysis of coal separates the 
constituents into volatile matter, fixed carbon 
and ash. The volatile matter is the gas form- 
ing elements of the coal, whilst the fixed 
carbon and the ash constitute what is known as 
coke. 

Coals are classified by analysis as follows: 
Those having less than 8 per cent of volatile 
matter are called true anthracites; those with 
from 8 to 15 per cent, semi-anthracite; those 
with from 15 to 25 per cent, semi-bituminous, 
and those above 25 per cent as bituminous. 

For a good coal it is important that the con- 
tent of sulphur be not too high. Sulphur in 
I'oal is usually present in the form of pyrites 
and on combustion, sulphur dioxide is formed, 
which corrodes the ironwork of the firebox, or 
if the pyrites are heated in actual contact with 
the grate bars the sulphur actively attacks the 
bars with the formation of clinkers. Coals high 
in sulphur always give trouble by clinker- 
ing. 

Closely allied to the true coals is lignite, 



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94 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xllll, No. 6 



which is incompletely carbonized coal and pos- 
sesses little or no fuel value. It is so called 
from the api>ea ranee, which is similar to char- 
red wood, often plainly showing a wood like 
structure and grain. There are many deposits 
of lignite in Louisiana which are often mis- 
taken for coal formations. Some attempt has 
been made to utilize them for fuel, but so far 
unsuccessfully. 

After coal the next most important fuel is 
petroleum oil, or, as it is commonly called, fuel 
oil. This oil having no ash and leaving no un- 
consumed residue to be removed, has many ad- 
vantages over coal. As it is easier to fire a 
boiler with oil than with coal, the use of oil 
means saving on the cost of firing. Oil when 
it is good is a par excellent fuel, but much 
of the fuel oil sold contains excessive quanti- 
ties of water. Samples have been sent to me 
containing as high as 40 per cent of water, 
which was completely emulsified and very lit- 
tle separated at the end of forty-eight hours. 
Of course this water does not bum, but ac- 
tually requires and absorbs heat for its volatili- 
zation. Good fuel oil ought not to show 
more than 5 per cent of water when subjected 
to analysis. Some companies have been selling 
oil on a guarantee of less than 1 per cent of 
water separating in forty-eight hours. This 
kind of test is sheer folly, for if the oil con- 
tains water it does not matter whether separa- 
tion takes place or not; the fact of its not 
separating will not make it burn. 

For comparison a good coal is estimated at 
14,000 B. T. Us. heating value and a good fuel 
oil at 19,000. On this basis one short ton of 
coal would contain 28,000,000 heat units and 
it would require approximately 1,474 pounds of 
oil to furnish this amount of heat. Taking the 
weight of a gallon of oil at 7H pounds, this 
would give approximately 196 gallons or about 
four barrels of first class oil to be equal to a 
ton of first class coal. When we come to com- 
paring good oil with poor coal or vice versa 
this calculation will be far from the truth. 

The next fuel for our consideration is wood. 
Wood has a fair heating value, but takes a lot 
of labor to handle and is only used when no 
other fuel can be had. 

Bagasse, as a by-product, has a good fuel 
value and every pound of it should be used. 

The next point of consideration is the boiler 
construction. The combustion chamber or fire- 
box must be so constructed that the combustion 
be as nearly perfect as possible. Fuel must 
have sufficient air to furnish oxygen for the 
perfect burning of the fuel or else a great por- 
tion of it will go up the stack. Perfect com- 
bustion would be shown by the absence of 
carbon monoxide or half burned carbon in the 
stack gases. This is never the case, but we 
should always try to keep the quantity as low 
as possible. This can be done by the proper 
regulation of the draft. 

After we have a good fuel and a good com- 
bustion we must have a boiler so constructed as 
to absorb as great an amount as possible of 
heat by the water contained in it, for the boil- 
ing of water is the main and only object of 
a boiler. Excessive firing is shown by high 
temperature of the stack gases and it should 
be borne in mind that every unit of heat which 
passes beyond the water surface is completely 
lost. On the whole the efficiency of a fuel 
depends firstly upon the fuel itself and secondly 



upon the proper combustion, and thirdly upon 
the proper absorption of the heat by the water 
in the boilers. 

Achee Oil Burner. 

The burning of fuel oil in the sugar fac- 
tories of Louisiana is bringing the inventors 
to the front and their various mechanisms are 
bringing about a very considerable economy 
of this expensive incident of sugar manufacture. 
The consamption of fuel oil in Louisiana sugar 
manufacture seems to run all the way from 
about 8% gallons of oil per ton of cane ground 
up to occasional instances of 25 or 30 gal- 
lons per ton of cane. The difference between 
the minimum and maximum expenditure for 
fuel oil Constitutes a good profit on the whole 
business and the inventors of oil burners are 
striving to secure for the sugar planters of 
Louisiana oil burners that will give the very 
best possible results under given conditions. 
The Achee Oil Burner Ck)mpany, of Bayou 
Goula, La., manufacturers of the Achee Oil 
Burner, as will be noticed by their advertise- 
ment elsewhere in this issue, state that their 
burner will consume 10 per cent less oil and 
make 50 per cent less noise than any other 
oil burner. They invite correspondence as to 
the installation of their burners and have given 
reports of some careful tests made with their 
burners which clearly demonstrate their won- 
derful excellence. They are also manufacturing 
a device for burning grass and weeds from rail- 
road tracks, which is filling a '*long felt want," 
especially hi^re in Louisiana, where vegetation 
grows so luxuriantly. We give herewith an 
illustration of this grass burner. Those inter- 
ested w6uld do well to write to the Achee Oil 
Burner Company, Bayou Goula, La., for fur- 
ther particulars. 

The Sugar Schedule in the Tariff Law 
Passed Au|:. 5. 1909. 

SCHEDULE E. 

Suffar, Mola»»e8 and Manufacturera Of, 
216. Sugars not above number sixteen 
Dutch standard in color, tank bottoms, sirups 
of cane juice, melada. concentrated melada, 
concrete and concentrated molasses, testing by 
the polarisoope not above seventy-five degrees, 
ninety-five one-hundredths of one per cent per 



pound, and every additional degree shown by 
the polariscopic test, thirty-five one-thousandths 
of one per cent per pound additional, and frac- 
tions of a degree in proportion ; and on sugar 
above number sixteen. Dutch standard in color, 
and on all sugar which has gone through a 
process of refining, one cent and ninety one- 
hundredths of one cent per pound; molasses 
testing not above forty degrees, twenty per 
centum ad valorem; testing above forty degrees 
and not above fifty-six degrees, three cents per 
gallon; testing above fifty -six degrees, six cents 
per gallon; sugar draiuings and sugar sweep- 
ings shall be subject to duty as molasses or 
sugar, as the case may be, according to pola^ 
iscopic test. 

217. Maple sugar and maple sirup, four 
cents per pound; glucose or grape sugar, one 
and one-half cents per pound ; sugar cane in its 
natural state or unmanufactured, twenty per 
centum ad valorem. 

218. Saccharine, sixty-five cents per pound. 

219. Sugar candy and all confectionery not 
especially provided for in this section, valued at 
fiften cents per xjound or less, and on sugars 
after being refined, when tinctured, colored or 
in any way adulterated, four cents per pound 
and fifteen per centum ad valorem; valued at 
more than fifteen cents per pound, fifty per 
centum ad valorem. The weight and the value 
of the immediate coverings, other than the outer 
packing case or other covering, shall be in- 
cluded in the dutiable weight and the value of 
the merchandise. 



Beet Sugar Notes. 

The Glendale, Arizona, Sugar Factory, du^ 
ing its first nine days' run, shipped nine car- 
loads of beet sugar and is making a daily 
average of one carload. A three months' 
campaign Is anticipated for the factory. 

The Greeley, Colorado, beet sugar factory 
has already contracted out all of its next 
season's beet pulp at from 60 to 80 cents 
per ton, which is said to be double the price 
previously paid. 

The Glendale. Arizona, sugar factory cele- 
brated July 2 as Sugar Day, at which time 
special excursion rates to Glendale were had 
and everyone was invited to see the big plant 
at work. 



Personal. 

Mr. H. Dickman and Mr. H. Dahling, two 
prominent sugar boilers, have returned to their 
homes in New Orleans, after taking off the 
crop for a large factory in Porto Rico. They 
came by way of New York City. 



THE ACHEE GRASS BURNEB FOR R. R. TRACKS. 



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THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



95 



Aut. 6th. 

SUGAR. 

Claiufibd— 

»«• Test 

Plantation Granulated 

Choioe White 

Off White 

Choioe YeUow 

Prime Yellow 

OifYellow 

Seoonda 

Opin Kbttlb Cbntrifuoal. 
Old PRocBcn9 Opbn Kbttlb. 

MOLASSES. 

JPBN Kbttlb CbntrifuoaL' 
3ld Procbss Opbn Kbttlb. 
Cbntrifuoal 

CANE SYRUP. 



WEEKLY MARKET REPORT. 



1909. 



July 31 



- @402 

- ^ — 

- @4% 

4A@ ~ 
Nominal 



Nominal 
- @ 
Nominal 

None 



Aug. 2 



— @402 
1® 

4A9 -- 
83^@4A 

Nominal 

- @ - 



Nominal 

- e - 

None 
None 



Aug. 3 



- @4 02 

- @ - 

- @ih 

4A@ - 
4A@4A 
3?i®4A 
2?g@35i 

Nominal 

- ® - 



Nominal 

- (8 - 
None 

None 



Aug. 4 



- @405 

- Q - 

4M@4A 
4iV@4A 

Nominal 



Nominal 

- @ - 

None 

None 



Aug. 6 



r- @400 

~ e - 

4%@ -. 

- @4A 

4>i@4A 
4J6@4>4 

33i@4TV 
2?ti@3?i 

Nominal 

- @ - 

Nominal 

-O - 

None 

None 



Aug. 6 



Sum Ny Last YMr 



- @405 

- ® - 

- @4A 
4)i@4A 

3Ji@4' 

Nominal 

- « - 



Nominal 

- @ - 

None 

None 



- @4 20 

- ® - 

- @ - 

- @ - 
4tl@- 
4A@4« 

4 @4)^ 

- @ - 



None 
- @ - 
Nominal 

None 



TtMtf Baitoltl 
CiMtif WnIl 



Steady. 



Nominal. 



Nominal. 



OXHEJ^ MA^RKBTfi. 



Nbw York: 

Centrifugals. 96® 

MuseoTado ,88'' 

Molasses Sugars, 89® 

Granulated 

Standard A 

London: 

JaTa, No. 15 D. 8 

A. and Q. Beet 

Cubes 

XXXX Powdered 

Standard Powdered 

Fruit Powdered 

Coarse Powdered 

Standard Fine Granulated. 
Standard Fine Granulated 

ia liO-lb. saeks in balk 

Confectioners Candy A . . . . 



— @4 02 



- @4 85 
~ @4 70 



lis. 4Hd. 
10s. 8>^d 



- @4 02 



@4 86 
®4 70 



Holiday 



- @4 02 

- @ - 

- @ - 

- @4 85 

- @4 70 



lis. 4>^d. 
iOs. 8>id. 



@4 05 

@4 85 
@4 70 



lis. 6d. 
iOs. 9^d. 



- ©4 05 



@4 85 
@4 70 



lis. 6d. 
IOs. 9^d. 



- <g4 05 

- @ - 

- @ - 

- @4 85 

- ®4 70 



lis. 61. 
IOs. 10>^d. 



<d4 



®5 20 
®5 15 



lis. 4>^d. 
IOs. 2^d. 



Raws— Btronc^ 



Qood demand. 



Cans— Firm. 
Bbbt— Firm 
at adyanca. 



IVBVV^ ORLrBAINfi RBPIIVBD. 



- @5 15 
-96 06 
-<86 00 
-@6 00 

- @6 00 

- (§4 90 


-@4 90 
- @4 90 



@6 16 
@6 05 
@6 00 
(§6 00 
@6 00 
@4 89 


(§4 90 
@4 90 



- @5 15 

- @6 05 

- @5 00 

- @5 00 

- ©5 00 

- ^4 93 

- @4 90 
~ 94 90 



(35 15 
@5 05 
@5 00 
@5 00 
@5 00 
@4 90 

@4 90 
@4 90 



- @5 15 

- @5 05 

- (85 00 

- @5 00 

- 05 00 

- @4 90 

- @4 90 

- @4 90 



- @5 15 

- @5 05 

- @5 00 

- @5 00 

- @5 00 

- @4 90 

- @4 90 

- (34 90 



— @5 40 

- @6 30 

— @5 25 

- @5 25 

— @5 25 

- @5 15 

- @5 15 

— @5 15 



Very strong. 



At four ports in the United States to July 28, 1909 

At four perts of Great Britain to July 1, 1909 

At Cuba, six ports to July 27, 1909 



STOCKS. 



319,982 Tons 
.111,000 " 
.141,060 " 



R*c«l9t0 and SalM at Naw Ori«ans, for th« w«ak Mdlng Aug. 6. 1909. 

' Sxjgat ' Molaaaaa 

Hhds. Barrels. Barrels. 

ReoeiTed -- 10,215 1,075 

sold - 13,915 1,075 



Rttcol^tsi 



I at N«w Oria 



ReoeiTod 

Sold 

ReoeiTod same time last year 



frooi gopt. 1. t9 0S. to Aug . 

Hhds. Barrels. 

.... - 1,751,608 

1,716,011 

.... — 1,868,011 



6, 1909. 

Molaaa^M 

Barrels 
276,51? 
276,11? 
267,425 



RICE. 

ROUGH, per bbl. 
Honduras 



Japan 



CLBAN, per lb. 
Honduras: 

Head 

Straights... 
Screenings . 
No. 2 



Japan: 

Head 

Straights... 
Screenings. 
No. 2 



Bran, per ion... 
Polish, per ton.' 



July 81 



Nominal 
Nominal 



4 @6>i 
3 @4 
2 @2K 



3 @3Ji 
— @ — 
2 @2K 
2 @ - 

22 00@ — 
27 00Q28 00 



Aug. 2 



Nominal 
Nominal 



i @6>i 
3 @4 
2 ®2H 
2 @ - 



3 (§dh 
- @ -i. 

2 @2H 

2 0- 

22 (0@ - 
27 00(8)28 00 



Aug. 8 



Nominal 
Nominal 



. 4 @6K 
: 3 @4 

•2 ®2H 
2 @ - 



3 @8Ji 
- @ - 
2 @2H 
2 « - 

22 00@ — 
27 00@28 00 



Aug. 4 



Nominal 
Nominal 



4 @6)i 

3 @4 

2 @2X 

2 @ - 



8 @dh 
-@ - 
2 @2M 
2 @ - 

20 00@22 00 
25 00@26 00 



Aug. 5 



4 25<§4 80 

- e - 



4 @6>g 

3 @4 

2 @2M 

2 « - 



3 @3^ 
- @ - 
2 02K 



20 00@22 00 
25 00@26 00 



Aug. 6 



4 15@4 90 



4 @6>i 
3 @4 
2 @2X 



3 @33i 
- - 
2 @2ii 
2 0- 

20 00O22 00 
25 00Q26 00 



BamcDay 
Last Tear 



3 7504 65 
Nomina] 



» ®1^ 
3^04M 
3)i©3>i 
2)402?g 

-O - 
3 03)i 
2}i@2h 

17 50O21 60 
26 50O29 GO 



Tone of Market 
at close of week 



Hondnra^-Steadj 
and active. 



Japan— 
Nominal. 



Honduras- 
Steady. 



Jibpan- Steady. 



ileoeiptiithiui liikc this week 

Heeelpit thus far this season 

^eeelpts daring same time last year. 



R.aoolpta ak.nd Sak.loa ak.t Now Orlaana. 

SaeksRongb. Poeketsofdr^ii. 
9.061 1.S6S r 

0,061 1,666 

1,68) . None 



' ' Saeks Rough. 
Bakathos ibis Week (iaolndlng mlllon' looelpU). TJMO 

Sales tbos fkr tbU Heason/ a..........:..... 7,040 

8aleii,dBUEliigsame«lma|:jMiTeaf . v 1,881 



P«ak«taof Olavm 

»,844 
8.844 
6 44» 



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96 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. TlIU. No. 6 



WANTS 



We will publish in this column free of charge 
until further notice, the applications of all man- 
agers, oTerseers, chemists, sugar-makers and oth- 
ers who may be seeking positions, and also the 
wants of planters and sugar manufacturers de- 
siring te employ any of these. 

These adrertisements will be inserted until 
they are pushed out at the bottom of the column 
by the influx of new adrertisements at the top. 
Any advertiser may hare his advertisement re- 
inserted anew, however, if he will write it out 
again and send it In to us. 

We cannot undertake to forward by mall replies 
to the advertisements in this column, even though 
postage be supplied, and, to secure publication in 
the issue of the succeeding Saturday, they must 
reach us not later than Thursday morning of 
each week. 



HELP WANTED. 



WANTED for a stigar estate In the B. W. I., 
a good practical workman, thoroughly familinr 
with the I.K)uUian.a system of cultivating th.i 
sugar-cnne ami with the most Improved imple- 
ments, must bewllling to supervise the working 
of steam ploughs if required. Apply, stating ex- 
perience, to I*. A. Lklono, 518 Iberville Street. 
New Orleans, La. 8-3-09 



WANTED a first class open kettle syrup and 
sugar maker. None but first class need apply. 
Must come well recommended. Address Post 
Office Box No. 22, White Castle, I^oulsiana. 

7-3000 



WANTED thoroughly competent plantation 
manager for large established sugar plantation In 
Mexico. State age, experience, qualifications and 
salary expected. Olve references. Address 
•*Mbx," In care of this paper. 7-19-09 

A couple to take charge of a boanllng house. 
Prefer couple where man can attend to a small 
garden and cows and woman run boarding house. 
For particulars address P. O. Box P, Eagle Lake. 
Texas. 7-10-09 



ONE assistant engineer, one clarlfler man, one 
head centrifugal man, who can bring four good 
centrifugal men with him. Address lAFTirm 
Sugar ret. Co.« Lafayette, La. 7-7-00 

CHEMIST — ^Two experienced chemists — those 
accustomed to sugar house work and taking hourly 
tests through all stages — Oay and night. Must be 
eober and Industrious — and speaking knowledge 
of Spanish desirable. Address with references, 
experience, !«alary expected, etc., Pbaibie. care 
Louisiana Planteh. 7-7-09. 



OLATllFIER — Two experienced clarlflers. must 
be sober Industrious and have a speaking knowl- 
edge of Spanish. Address with references, ex- 
perience, salary expectevi, etc. Praibie, care 
Louisiana Plantkb. 7-7-09 



LIQUOR RUNNER — An experienced sugar re-' 
finery man, accustomed to bone black work. 
Must be sober and Industrious. A speaking 
knowledge of Spanish desirable. Address with 
references, experience salary expected, etc., Prai 
RiE, care Louisiana I'lanter. 7-7-09 



WANTED two assistant sugar boilers. Ad- 
dress Tho8. C. Gltkn, Chamberlain, La. 

7-14-09. 



WANTED Sugar house engineer for 600 tons 
factory in Porto Rico, to make repairs and al- 
teratiens, and take off crop. Apply stating age, 
expeileice, references and salary expectations. 
Knowledge of Spanish desirable, but not essen- 
tial. Some knowledge of draughting is also de- 
sirable. Must be available about Sept. 1. Apply 
to Post OiAce Box No. 1 — Patillas, Porto Rico. 

6-80-09. 



ONE competent chemist with cane experienoe 
Must tberougbly understaMd chemical control. Tbre- 
assistant chemists. Wanted for th« c *m1og Louisi- 
ana crop. F. P. Brb>bm\.v, 7529 St. Cbarlet Ave., 
New O -leans. e-25^. 



OBEviIBT, for Mexico. Applicants please s ate 
college training and practical experienoe. AUo smI- 
ary expected. Mutt report Dec. Ist. Address Quil 
LBR, care of The Louisiana Planter C-170B 



LILLIE. triple and quadruple effect operator, 
centrifugal man, with experience. Must be sober 
and Industrious, with a speaking knowledge of 
Spanish. Address with references, salary ex- 
pected, etc., PBAiniE, care Louisiana Planter. 

7-7-09 



SUGAR HOUSE engineer and assistant. Must 
be thoroughly competent, sober and Industrious, 
not afraid of work. Address with reference, 
salary expected and other information, Pbairib. 
care Louisiana Planter. 7-7-09 



WANTED — A young man. ambitious, careful 
and experienced In a large sugar refinery In New 
York or New Orleans, capable of taking charge 
of a 400 barrel house. Address in confidence 
with full particulars. Cosmos, care of Louisiana 
Planter. 7-7-09 

SUPBRINTENDENT FOR MEXICO— One «C- 
customed to control of help ; systematic dls- 
clpllnarlan. Knowledge of and speaking Spanish 
necessary. Capable of exercising chemical con- 
trol and economical manager of labor, etc., Must 
be sober. Industrious and hard worker. Some 
experience In real refining desirable. Address 
with references, experience, salary expected 
and other particulars, Prairie^ care Louisiana 
Planter. 7-7-09 



SUGAR BOILERS FOR MEJXTCO— Sober. 
Industrious, close boiler. Head and assistant 
wanted. Speaking knowledge of Spanish desirable. 
Address with references, experience, salary ex- 
pected, Prairie, care Louisiana Planter. 7-7-09 



ERECTING engineers for Pratt Imperial sugar 
mill machinery ; must be capable machinists with 
experience both in shops and In the field. Ad- 
dress with references Pratt B^nginbebimq ft Ma- 
CHINB Co., Atanta, Ga. 6-9-09 



SITUATION WANTED. 



1*0SIT10X to run double eflfeot in a sugar mill 
by n young man. aped 2S. Hr.ve had five years' 
experience .it same on Ulveralde and Avalon plan- 
tatlcns. Address John MriROAX, Montpelier. La. 

8-0-09 



AX experlencoxl cane factory superintendent 
and chief stigar boiler, with 22 years* exi>erlence 
from a laboratory boy up. desires to contract with 
some large tropical sugar manufacturing com- 
pany as superintendent or chief sugar nuiker. 
Thortoughly understands working low grade su- 
lfa rs to obtain good results. Best refereui'es. Ad- 
•Mrs3 P. O. Box IC3, Hamilton City. California. 

8-6-09 



PRIMARY teacher, holding 3rd grade state cer- 
tificate, wishes posllon In country. References 
given. Address 1315 Josephine Street, New Or- 
leans, La. 8-5-09 



WOULD like a place as assistant overseer for 
this fall and next year. Address, John D. Mc- 
IKJXALD, (ireensburg. La. 8-5-C»9 



SITl^ATION as overseer or manager of sugar 
plantation by an up-to-date planter, or would 
take an Interest In tne place with man who had 
other business to attend to. The writer had large 
experience. No matter how large the pla*^ may 
be or where. Address J. J. L., Franklin, La. 



CHEMIST and sugar house superintendent with 
17 years of practical experience in Louisiana and 
Cuba Is open for a position for the coming season 
In I^ulslana or Tropics. Speaks Spanish. Best 
references. Addre.««s S. S. P. O. Box 175. New 
Orleans. La. 8-4-f»9 

POSITION as sugar house engineer, sugar 
maker or machinist, for erecting and repairing 
machinery, by an experienced man. who Is also a 
licensed chief engine<*r for vessels of L.'SOO gross 
Ions. .\m ."iS years old. well pr**served and sober. 
L. F. Fr.EURiEK, 717 Ursullnes St.. j*ear house. 
New Orleans. 8-4-o9 



POSITION as chemist for coming Louisiana 
crop, (^an furnish nectvssary references. Address 
F. B. Stkm care S. McC()Xxell, 111 St. Anthony 
Street, Baton Rouge, La. S-4-09 



AN experienced cane weigher desires a position 
for the coming season. <,'an give best references. 
Apply to WiLLiK Bi^NCK, Convent. La. 8-3-09 



CHEMIST with technical training and several 
seasons* experience in Louisiana and Cuba, desires 
position In West Indies. Have a fair knowledge 
of Spanish. Address Chemist, 1611 Ursullnes 
Street. New^ Orleans. 8-3-09 



A POSITION by a first class sugar maker, who 
has had charge of one of the largest houses In 
the State for the last fifteen years. References 
furnished. Apply 1244 Annunciation St. 

8-6-09 

POSITION as cane derrick operator or other 
work around mill In Louisiana or elsewhere. Can 
furnish reference. Address N. Salvaoks, 700 
Camp St., New Orleans. La. 8-6-09 



POSITION as second engineer and mAchlnlst 
on sugar plantation in lioulslana or elsewhere. 
For reference address United Fruit Co., New Or- 
leans. La. Address Geo. M. Burns, 527 Julia 
St., New Orleans. I>a. 8-6-09 



I*OSITION as electrician for the coming season. 
Have been on plantation for the last seven years. 
Best references can be furnished. H. A. Martin, 
416 Bburbon St.. New Orleans. 7-6-09 



WANT position as heed clarlfier In Louisiana, 
Mexico or elsewhere. Have had 35 years' ,ex- 
perlence and can furnish best of references. Ad- 
dress Lewie Daunot, 1117 Kerlerec Street, New 
Orleans, I^. 8-5-09 



POSITION wanted by young married man on 
any sugar plantation In Louisiana. Am expe- 
rienced In sugar house machinery and capable of 
handling mill. Address Gainsran Wolpf, 3917 
Annunciation Street, New Orleans, La. 7-5-09 



POSITION as sugar boiler for Louisiana. Mex- 
ico, Cuba. Porto Rico or Texas. Can furnish Al 
references. Address Clehville J. LbBlanc, Mer- 
mcntau. La. 8-3-09 



AS first vacuum pan sugar boiler, twenty years' 
experience In tbe largest sugar factories In Texa& 
and Louisiana. References and recommendations 
furnished as to my capacity, etc., willing to go 
to Texas. Mexico or any of the Sonthem Islands. 
Address P. O. Box 85. Houma La. 8-3-09 



POSITION as chemist or assistant chemist 
Will work In Louisiana. Cuba. Porto Rico or 
Mexico. Address Wallace, 1028 Bourbon Street, 
New Orleans, La. 8-3-09 



A POSITION as clerk In sugar mill or as sugar 
weigher. Considerable experience. Address Hab- 
oLP. 1028 Bourbon Street. New Orleans, Ia. 



POSITION as first-class cook or to take charge 
of a boarding house. Guarantee to run things 
cheap. Will cook by the month or per head this 
grinding. Address Noon Joseph, care M. J. 
BRiNQiER, Darrow, La. 8-2-09 



BEUrMOIVT 8BMIIVARY 

I'OR YOUINO UADIBS 
Waynesboro* Vn. 

In Shenandoah Valley, at the baae of the Blue 
Ridge. Altitude, 1.300 feet. Climate, water and 
environment unexcelled. Happy medium between 
northern rigors and southern malaria. All mod- 
em appointments. Full course under trained 
spechiUsts. Conservatory teachers In music 
Write for catalogue. 



Telephone 
2898 RECTOR. 



Cable Address: 
"NOTAHDEl," HEW YORK. 



George P. Anderton, 

CONSULTING ENGINEER. 

Sugar Machinery. 



Export Representative 

for 

READING IRON COMPANY. 

Reading, Penni. 



Columbit Building. 

29 Broadway, 
NEW YORK, 



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The Louisiana Planter 

and Sugar Manufacturer 



A Weekly Newspaper Devoted to tbe Sugran Rice and Other Agricultural industries of Louisiana 



Vol. XXXXIII. 



NEW ORLEANS, AUGUST 14, 1909. 



No. 7. 



The Louisiana Planter 

— AND— 

Sugar Manufacturer 

OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE 

Louisiana Sugab 1*la.nteiis' Association, 
American Cane Growkrs' Association, 
Ascension Branch Sugar Planters' Association^ 
Louisiana Sugar Chemists' Association, 
Kansas Sugar Growers' Association, 
Texas Sugar Planters' Association, 
Interstate Cans Growers' Association, 
The Assumption Agricultural and Industrial 

Association, 
the louisiana engineers, chemists and sugar 

makers' association. 



PubHshed at New Orieans, La., every Saturday Mornlnff 

BY TBE 

LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR 

MANUFACTURER CO. 

Devoted to Louisiana Agriculture in general, and 

to the Sugar Industry in particular, and in all 

Its branches. Agricultural, Mechanical, 

Chemical, Political and Commercial. 



EDITORIAL CORPS. 

W. C. STUBBS, Ph. D. W. J. THOMPSON. 
W. W. PUGH. JOHN DYMOND. 



Entered at tbe Postofflce at New Orleans as 
second-class mail matter, July 7, 1888. 

PER ANNUM 

Terms of Subscription (including postage) . . .|3.00 
Foreign Subscription 4.00 

ADVERTISING RATES. 



Space 



,1 month 



1 Inch 

2 inch 

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3 month 6 month 12 month 



$5 GO 
9 50 
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32 50 
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$ 12 50 
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47 50 
58 75 
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81 15 
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100 00 
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$ 18 75 


$ 25 00 


36 00 


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All communications should b^ addressed to The 
Louisiana Planter, 339 Carondelet street. New 
Orleans, La. 

LIST OF ORGANIZERS. 



McCall Brothers, 
McCall & Lbgendre, 
Leon Godchaux, 
James Teller, 
B. Lemann & Bro., 
Leonce Soniat, 
Louis Bush, 
W. E. Brickell, 
W. C. Stubbs, 
John Dymond, 
Daniel Thompson, 
Foos & Barnett, 
H. C. Warmoth, 
Lucius Forsyth, Jr,, 
Edward J. Gat, 
Shattuck ft Hoffman, 
Bmile Rost. 
Thomas D. Miller, 
Schmidt ft Zieqlbb, 
T. G. McLaubt, 
L. S. Clabk, 
J. B. Levebt, 
Simpson Hobnob, 
W. B. Bloomfisu), 

W. W. SUTCLIFFl, 

John S. Moobb, 
James C. Mubpht, 
Jos. Wbbbe, 



R. Beltran, 
LuciBN Soniat, 

D. R. Calder, 
L. A. Ellis, 
Hero & Malhiot, 
W. J. Behan, 

J. T. Moore, Jr., 
Edwards & Haubtman, 
John A. Morris, 

E. H. Cunningham, 
R. Viterbo, 

H. C. Minor, 

C. M. SOBIA, 

J. L. Harris, 
j. h. murpht, 
Andrew Price, 
B. ft J. KocK, 
Wm. Garig, 
Adolph Mbtbb, 
A. A. Woods, 
Bradish Johnson, 
George P. Andbbtom, 

A. L. MONNOT, 
RiCHABD MILLTKIIM, 

W. p. Miles, 
Lezin a. Becnbl, 
J. N. Phabb, 
Jules J. Jacob. 



The Cane Crop. 

A-bundant rains have characterized the 
past week throughout the sugar dlstri<?t, and 
more especially In the Southern portion there- 
of. While the cane has more rain than it 
needs, it is suffering no injury and is mak- 
ing very rapid growth. For other crops, 
rice, torn, peas,, etc., the rains are proving i 
unfortunate and harmful. All planting in-| 
terests, including our cane growers, would 
now welcome some hot dry weather and at 
this writing there are indications of an im- 
provement which we hope will he fulfilled. 

Labor on the Rio Grande. 

Recently Mr. Frank Lindenherg of Colum- 
bus, Ohio, was in New Orleans and in some 
interview expressed himself upon the scar- 
city of labor in Louisiana as compared with 
its plenitude in Texas along the Rio Grandt, 
where is located the property of the Ohio 
and Texas Sugar Company, with which he 
1r connected. Mr. Lindenburg, in discus- 
sing the situation, admitted the advantages 
of the soil and climate possessed by Louis- 
iana, hut claimed that the deficient supply 
cf labor here is a serious drawback to the 
sugar industry and that naturally those seek- 
ing investments in that direction would go to 
Texas in preference. He stated, further, 
that had we in Louisiana as good a supply 
of labor as they had in Texas, the whole 
sug^r country would progress rapidly. 

The suspension of so many activities in 
Louisiana that were in full operation last 
year, has led to a comparatively good supply 
of labor this year, but no plenitude and 
with no dimunition in the wages of labor. 
The thousands of laborers employed in build- 
ing public levees, railways, roadways, in pav- 
ing the streets and the laying down of tram 
ways, etc.,- has taken the very pick of the 
labor of the country and carried it to the 
great cities, or to the railroad lines where 
these works are going on, leaving In the 
country the old men and the children with 
which our planters are endeavoring to carry 
on their industries. 

In Mr. Lindenburg's interview, his exper- 
iences were those of the Ohio and Texas 
Sugar Co. in Cameron County, Texas, and 
he did not indicate whether the good supply 
of labor they had there was negroes or Mex- 
icans. It ha« (been found in Mexico that 
while the Mexican peon can be employed 
at comparatively low wages under normal 
conditions, that with the development of the 
sugrflT industry, such as has occurred at va- 



rious points, extreme diflaculty is had in 
securing a sufficient quantity of labor. The 
Mexican laborer dees not seem to be very 
much disposed to work other than for just 
enough to subsist and clothe him in the or- 
dinary way. Higher wages seem to have but 
little effect unless it would he to promote 
his working fewer days per week, the 
total earnings heing utilized in stibsistence 
and clothing. 

We are quite sure that with the advent of 
active railway building, street improvement 
and public levee huildlng again, the men so 
employed getting nearly double the current 
agricultural wages, we shall have just as 
desperate a la«boT situation in Southern Louis- 
iana as we had two years ago. 



Another Motor Plow. 

The Deutz Cas (Motor Works of Deutz, 
near Cologne, Germany, has been making 
-progress in the direction of motor plowing 
'by utilizing gasoline instead of ordinary fuel 
for producing steam and they find that while 
the gasoline Is more expensive than ordinary 
fuel, the other savings compensate to such an 
extent that expenses for the work of the 
motor are less than with their older forms 
of steam plows. They have now made a 
motor so light and yet so substantial that it 
can travel in front cf the plows and drag 
them across the fields. From what we Toad 
of this plow we are led to infer that it will 
operate the plows by direct traction and also, 
where the conditions are less favorable will 
do the work with a winding rope, the same 
as Is done with some of the present heavy 
steam plows. The plow is said to have a 
capacity of plowing from 12 to ^ acres dur- 
ing 12 hours and according to the weight of 
the -soil and the depth of the furrows. Its 
weight is said to be about one-fifth that of 
a steam plow of the same capacity and this 
permits it to travel over roads and (bridges 
without the care that would he necessary 
with machines of heavier weights. 



A Link With the Past. 

In the death of Mr. Peter Felix Coiron, 
which occurred in this city some three weeks 
' ago, another connecting link with the sugar 
industry of olden days has disappeared. Mr. 
Peter iFelix Coiron was a gallant Confederate 
soldier and a well known Creole gentleman 
and further, was the son of John Joseph 
Coiron, and was bom In New Orlens In 1825, 
about the time that his father Imported from 
Georgia some considerable quantities ot rib- 



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THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xlili. No. 7 



bon cane, he having introduced that cane 
into this country at the time when the Ota- 
heite cane, then in use, was not much favor- 
ed and the advent of the ribbon cane through 
Mr. Colron's intervention gave a renewed 
impulse to the industry in this state. John 
Joseph Coiron was a very widely known sugtr 
planter at that time and had a plantation in 
the parish of Plaquemines, where the Ste. 
Sophie village, some 36 miles ibelow the 
city of New Orleans now stands. He had 
another plantation in the parish of St. Ber- 
nard and being profoundly Interested In 
the sugar industry and having the oppor- 
tunity to secure these ribbon canes, which 
were then 'being cultivated to some extent 
in Georgia, where for a time the sugar in- 
dustry was in high favor, Mr. Coiron be- 
thought himself of how necessary it was and 
how deslraible It would be to import those 
canes into Louisiana and the results with 
them have ever since been quite satisfactory, 
although the modern seedling, D. No. 74, 
seems at the present time to surpass in its 
popularity our older types of sugar cane. 



Louisiana as a Corn Producer. 

The crop of corn produced in the state of 
Ivonlsiana last year was estimated at 20 mil- 
lions of bushels. This looked like a compar- 
atively large estimate, although not very 
great as compared with the corn producing 
states of the West, where even iMinii«:yota 
claims to be able now to produce about 25 
millions of bushels of corn per year, and that 
in a state where freezing weather comes fre- 
quently in .September and the corn crop must 
be planted late and harvested early. 

Here in Louisiana, with the high prices 
prevailing for corn in the West, Increased at- 
tention has been given to the com crop for 
several years and now with the advent of the 
boll weevils in the cotton sections of the 
state, an immense impetus has been given to 
the production of corn and our State Board 
of Agriculture now estimates that the crop 
corn for the present year will double that of 
of last year and reach 40 millions of bushels. 
The doubling of the crop will necessitate ac- 
tive efforts to secure the proper housing for 
this crop as it does not do as well left in 
the fields here as it does in the ^North where 
the corn is frequently left In the field until 
needed and shucked when the snow is on the 
ground and then hauled direc*tly to market. 
The sudden Increase in this great crop and 
the sudden making of it into a marketable 
crop will develop so many new conditions that 
we are afraid the incidental trouble and fric- 
tion may result in our farmers and planters 
getting less for their crop than its true value. 
Some ten or twelve years ago there was 
quite a large corn crop produced in the parish 
of Lafayette. The farmers there found that 
they had an ample com supply for their own 
use and a surplus for market and in selling 
It in the town of Lafayette they could only 
get 25c a bushel for it. This story was told 
there at one of the meetings of the Louis- 
iana State iigricultural Society and it is the 



common experience where efforts are not 
made to provide for proper distribution of 
any crop. 

It is gratifying to know that attention is 
already >being given to this matter and it 
is said that the Board of Trade of New Or- 
leans will take Up the matter formally and 
endeavor to arrange satisfactory methods 
for the distribution of this coming crop, 
which, on the present basis of values would 
have a total value of over 30 millions of dol- 
lars and the one-half that perhaps may bs 
offered for sale would represent a value of 
about 15 millions of dollars. 



Sus:ar in the American Republics. 

The July issue of the Bulletin of American 
Republics, which is a beautifully printed and 
Illustrated number, gives considerable infor- 
mation concerning the leading industries of 
the American Republics generally and from 
it we compile some data concerning sugar. 
Tucuman, Argentina, which is the present 
home of Prof. R. E. Blouin, recently the 
resident director of the Audubon Sugar Ex- 
periment Station, in New Orleans, had an 
estimated sugar output for th« past season 
amounting to a»bout 120,000 tons, which, 
while not entirely satisfactory, showed a con- 
siderable increase over previous years. Tlie 
domestic consumption is estimated at about 
140,000 tons, necessitating the importation 
into Argentina of some 20,000 tons of sugar 
In addition to the home manufacture, to meet 
the demands of the home market. 

The culture of -sugar cane and the manu- 
facture of sugar is quite an old industry in 
Brazil and Is carried on in three distinct 
zones, of which the northern, with the state 
of Pernambu-co as its center, is the most im- 
portant. This state produces about half the 
total crop of Brazil and it has forty-seven 
central sugar factories with 15O0 contribut- 
ing plantations and a total production of 
156,000 tons of sugar. The total production 
for the year 1907-08 is reported to have 
reached 130,000 tons, while the estimated out- 
put for 1908-09 is placed at 210/>00 tons. 
Under the Brazilian law of 'March 27, 1908, 
the duty on sugar originating in the coun- 
tries that do not pay a bounty was raised 
from 7.7 cents to 15.4 cents per kilo, or 2.2 
pounds. 

At Sincerin in Colombia a sugar factory 
of considerable magnitude has been in opera- 
tion, grinding cane from 3000 acres, the first 
harvest of which produced 12,000 long tons 
of sugar. Thirteen hundred men are en- 
gaged in the installation of the plant and 
extending the plantation. It was reported 
that the establishment of other factories of 
this character will quickly follow the dp 
velopment of the transportation facilities. 
The Ck>lombian government is anxious to 
take up the manufacture of denatured alco- 
hol and is willing to make favorable con- 
cessions to secure the development of this 
industry. 

The annual sugar crop of the Dominican 
Republic exceeds three millions of dollars 



in value and amounted to nearly 70,000 tons. 
The Dominican Republic seems to be quite a 
progressive one and its commercial relations 
are chiefly with the United States. 

In the other end of the island of San Do- 
mingo the negro republic of Haiti contains 
numerous sugar plantations, ^but no very 
large establishments are reported. Haiti 
and the Dominican Republic together are es- 
timated to produce 80,000 tons of cane sugar. 

In Ecuador, on the Pacific coast, the cul- 
ture of sugar cane is of considerable import- 
ance and it is stated that the production is 
nearly equal to the demand for home con- 
sumption and reaches about 8,000 tons. The 
progressive character of Peru in its sugar 
Industry is setting the pace for Peru's 
neighbors and cane sugar manufacture in 
Ecuador and in the adjacent states is takin.^ 
a more advanced and scientific position than 
it has hitherto htid. 

In Guatamala scientific agriculture is at- 
tracting more attention than before and 
while Guatamala has never taken any very 
prominent place as a sugar producer, sugar 
is regarded as quite a prominent factor in 
Guataraalan agriculture, the production be- 
ing about 7500 tons, all consumed at home. 

In iMexico for the current year the sugar 
crop is estimated at 125.000 tons, while the 
crop of last year was 123,000 tons and for 
the year before 119,000. The Mexican sugar 
industry Is protected by a duty equal to 2 1-2 
cents gold per kilo, or 2.2 pounds, and the 
present production of Mexico is rather in 
excess of the home demand and more or 
less of the sugar has to be expected. Suc- 
cessful efforts have been made to resist the 
lowering of the level of the home sugar mar- 
ket to the prices secured for the limited 
quantity exiported. 

Nicaragua does more or less in the way 
of sugar manufacturing, its annual crop 
equaling or exceeding 4000 tons. The busi- 
ness there has been reported profitable to a 
certain extent because of the value of the 
by-products, molasses, rum and alcohol. It 
is stated that 931 wooden and 225 iron cane 
mills are in operation In Nicaragua. 

.Even Panama Is looking into the cane 
sugar industry, and a concession has been 
made to an American providing for the 
erection of a sugar factory on the public 
Ipnds of the Republic. Another refinery, or 
factory, at the capital, with a capacity of 
500 tons, or an output of a thousand bags of 
100 pounds each, of refined sugar dally, is 
said to have ibeen contracted for. This fa^ 
tory, or refinery. Is said to be exempt from 
the national taxes on the sugars produced 
and the government agrees to admit free of 
duty all material, machinery and implements 
used in its construction. 

Peru makes sugar one of its chief indus- 
tries, some 200,000 acres being planted in 
sugar can« and its annual crops reaching 
about 150,000 long tons of sugar each. In 
Peru cane culture is carried on with irriga- 
tion. The Peruvian industry has for many 
years been quite progressive and it was one 



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THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR xMANUFACTURER. 



99 



of the first cauntri^s to adopt the Louisiana 
Rillieux a^pparatus for the utilization of the 
multiple effect of heat. The susar crop goes 
largely to England and Chile. The planta- 
tions in the vicinity of Lima furnish about 
20,000 tons of white sugar annually and 10,- 
000 tons of a sort of concrete. 

Among the minor Central and South Am- 
erican states as sugar producers the Retpub- 
11c of San Salvador has an estimated pro- 
duction of 6500 tons, indigo and coffee being 
San Salvador's leading crops. Venezuela is 
estimated at only 3000 tons and Costa Rica 
at 2500 tons of sugar. 



Arcrtcultural Education in the United 
States. 

The progress in agricultural education In 
the United States is simply wonderful. 
Some data were given in a recent issue of 
the Experiment Station Record and to the 
effect that the total income of the agricul- 
tural colleges of the federal union stood at 
about 5 millions of dollars in 1897 and in 
1908, eleven years later, the total income 
had reached 15 millions of dollars. The 
value of the property of the agricultural 
colleges in 1897 was 51 millions of dollars 
and ten years later 96 millions. The stu- 
dents in these colleges in 1897 numbered 
4,000 and in 1908 numbered 10,000. 

In the preparatory phases it Is stated that 
in 1897 there was but one agricultural high 
school existing and there are now 115 of 
them. In 1897 not one of the normal schools 
taught agriculture, but now 115 of them do 
so and besides this, many privately en- 
dowed schools are giving attention to this 
phase of education. About one-half of the 
a£,rlcultural colleges give training courses 
for teachers in agriculture and forty-four 
states and territories give some instruction 
I the elementary principles of agricultural 
In the lower schools. 

The Graduate School of Agriculture for 
instruction of Investigators and for discus- 
sion of advanced problems and research In 
agriculture was organized in 1902 and is 
now doing work under the Association of 
American Agricultural Colleges and iBrperl- 
ment Stations. The National Educational 
Association has now added agriculture to 
Its edu(*atlonal propaganda. 

There are many outside schools for the 
education of youth and teachers In agri- 
culture and the farmers of the country have 
been educated by the Farmers* Institutes 
and by oneans of demonstration work on the 
experiment station farms and also by advice, 
given directly and by letter and by countless 
official and private publications, to which 
they have access. In 1908 there were 14,000 
sessions of the Farmers' Institutes, with an 
attendance of aibout 2 millions of persons, 
with 1200 trained lecturers, specially em- 
ployed In this Institute work In the states 
and territories. 

With all of these aids In his work the 
American farmer Is coming to the front 
very rapidly and no wonder that the western 



beet growers complain that they cannot se- 
cure farmers to weed the 'beet fields. Tbe 
American farmer, with his im>p roving edu- 
cation and increased facilities does not want 
to get down on his marrow bones and pick 
the weeds out of a beet field, and so that 
kind of wopK Is left for those who have not 
had the advantage of all this vast array of 
eonicatlonafl facilities /that are increasing 
our farmers' Independence. 



Broussard's Little "Joker'' 

■In these tariff days the term "little joker" 
seems to have some such significance as the 
old saying that "there Is a nigger In the 
wood pile." The New York Journal of Com- 
merce Is disposed to treat the recent letter 
of Congressman Braussard to President Taft 
concerning the reduced duty on sugar and 
the reciprocity treaty with Cuba which con- 
tains an agreement that the duties then ex- 
isting shall not be lowereu as Mr. Bruus- 
sard's "little joker." 

Mr. Broussard urged that the reduction of 
the duty on sugar, although only 5 cents per 
hundred pounds and apparently only on one 
grade, did so reduce the duty as to render 
the reciprocity treaty with Cuba Invalid 
and that It would affect the administration 
of the entire tariff In such a way as to per- 
mit Germany, France and Holland to send 
their sugars Into this country on the same 
basis as Cuba. Mr. Broussard holds that 
the reduced duty on sugar constitutes our 
minimum tariff and those desiring It can 
have the benefit of this reduction only on 
the proclamation of the president that they 
are not unduly discriminating In any man- 
ner against the United States or the pro- 
ducts thereof. Mr. Broussard holds that be- 
fore the president could Issue such a proc- 
lamation he would have to enter Into an 
agreement with these countries, declaring 
that they did not discriminate against Am- 
erican products and -Mr. Broussard holds 
further that such an agreement would be In 
the nature o. a treaty or convention within 
the tmeanlng of the Cuban treaty and hence, 
as tbe Cu'ban reciprocity treaty has failed 
of Its purpose to benefit the Cxuban sugar 
planters, the existing situation affords Pres- 
ident Taft an opportunity for the abrogation 
of the treaty. 

The Journal of Commerce endeavors good 
natu redly to drive Mr. Broussard out of 
court, so to speak, and Indicates that the 
diminution In the duty on sugar Is so min- 
ute that It practically does not amount to 
much and that Mr. Broussard's (premises are 
not well taken. The fact of the matter is 
that the duty on sugar above No. 16 Dutch 
Standard ibelng reduced from $1.95 to $1.90 
lowers the level of sugar value In the United 
States just that five cents. Five cents per 
hundred pounds will make $1.12 per long 
ton and as the United States Import a mil- 
lion and a half tons of sugar from territories 
other than our own, there will ibe a diminu- 
tion in duties levl^ on these sugars of 



nearly a million and three quarters of dol- 
lars. 

The American sugar refiners are very 
skillful In their work and they now contest 
for every cent, or half cent per hundred 
pounds of sugar In Its cost price and In Its 
selling price. As the new tariff now stands 
The German, Austrian or Dutchman that 
desires to send In white granulated beet 
sugara from Germany, Austria or Holland 
to this country, as they have been doing In 
the past and as they stand ready to do at 
any moment that there is a preceptlble mar- 
gin of profit, win now find Import duties In 
this country 5 cents per hundred pounds less 
than i)revlou8ly and necessarily the level of 
sugar values In this country, whether raw 
or refined, will be depressed correspondingly 
to keep out European white granulated 
sugars. While our Imports of white granu- 
lated beet sugar may be comparatively small 
and sometimes very small, they are held 
thus small because of the imminence of 
European offerings In the markets of the 
United States the moment our refiners wid- 
en out their demand for Increased margin 
in the price of white granulated over the 
price of 96 test raw. 



Diversified Ac^riculture. 

Congressman Ransdell of the Fifth Con- 
gressional District of this state, Is an ex- 
tremely able and energetic man. His wil- 
lingness to work and the magnetic effect 
that he has upon his fellow men to lead 
them to join him in the good work in which 
he engages, are now manifesting themselves 
In Mr. Ransdell's announced Intention of 
making a lecture tour In this state In the 
advocacy of increased diversification of 
crops. The advent of the boll weevil In 
this state, while doing an Immense amount 
of harm to the cotton planters generally, Is 
not an entirely unmixed evil, as one of the 
manifest results even now Is an Increased 
diversification of crops, leading at present 
to the culture of rice In the low lands and 
of corn everywhere that the land Is avail- 
able. Mr. Ransdell's section of Louisiana 
is so seriously affected by the Invasion of 
the boll weevil that It becomes a matter of 
very profound concern with him as to what 
his people shall do to keep the wolf from the 
door In the Immediate present and to so 
organize their affairs and to diversify their 
agriculture as to enable them to do rela- 
tively as well with a diversified agriculture 
as In the past they have done In the single 
culture of cotton. 

Almost any crop that can be produced in 
the middle states can be produced In Louis- 
iana and along the northern 'border even 
wheat culture, which lo supposed to fiour- 
Ish only much further north. Is reasonably 
successful. Congressman Ransdell has se- 
cured the cooperation of the U. S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture and a number of ex- 
perts of the Department will be detailed to 
accoan'pany (Mr. Ransdell on his tour. We 
are quite sure that Mr. Ransdell le thorough- 



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THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xUll, No. 



ly sincere in every effort that he makes for 
the benefit of the people of his section and 
also of the state, but it makes us smile to 
ourselves to tiiink of how he is robbing our 
good old friend Col Charles Schuler our 
present State Commissioner of Agriculture 
and Immigration of his thunder, when he 
traverses the state and preaches "Hog and 
Hominy" to the farmers as a panacea for 
all the plagues that now annoy them. But 
Col. Schuler has done his duty along the 
hog and hominy lines and continues to in- 
culcate his favorite doctrines whenever he 
has the opportunity and will not be envious 
of the success of his worthy imitator, who 
begins his tour at Ruston, September 15th., 
and traverses the whole of the Fifth Dis- 
trict during the following three weeks. We 
only wish that wo could take a vacation 
from the arduous duties of newspaper life 
and join in that three week's triumphant 
and enjoyable march, tbut it can not be. We 
sincerely wish Congressman Ransdell every 
success and believe that his efforts will be 
highly appreciated and very beneficial to 
all who may have the pleasure of hearing 
him and the gentlemen who accompany him. 



isted 'between it and beet sugar for the ladt 
thirty years having reduced the old time 
profits to a cipher. There are phases of the 
sugar industry, however, that seem to have 
been profitable and among these it is pleas- 
ant to record the fact that the late Caesar 
Czamikow, the great sugar broker of L#on- 
don, is reported 'by the ca/ble dispatches as 
having left there an estate valued at about 
700,000 pounds sterling, or 3 1-2 millions of 
dollars. In addition to this he is reported 
to have large interests in the West Indies 
and Africa, which are not included in the 
aibovo inventory. 



Edmond Francis D'Aquin. 

Another link with the past is broken with 
the death of lEdmond Francis D'Aquin, which 
occurred in New Orleans on Thursday, Aug- 
ust 12, 1909. Directly after the Civil War 
when Jules D'Aquin was one of the most 
prominent sugar 'brokers of the old school 
his (brother Edmond come on the sugar levee 
as an active participant in the work going 
on there. As sugar broker and dealer he 
has been actively engaged on the sugar 
landing and at the Sugar Exchange for more 
than 40 years. Mr. D'Aqaiin was a man of 
energy, ability and integrity and his death 
will leave a void in the circle of his friends 
that cannot well be filled. Of those who 
were familiar with the sugar business on 
the public landing in the good old days very 
few now remain and it is with much regret 
that wo are compelled to chronicle the 
death oi* our old friend. 



Cuban Suc^ar Data. 

Under date of August 4, the Havana Post 
reports that the Chaparra estate in Cuba had 
already made 460,000 <bags of sugar, or near- 
ly 70,000 long tons. The management ex- 
pects to make 475,000 bags in all. The 
Boston factory had made 362,000 tbags and 
was continuing to grind, as was also the 
Preston factory. These latter plantation* 
belong to the United Fruit Co. The Santa 
Lucia expects to grind until September. 

The total visible production for the season 
up to the end of July was about 1,418,000 
tons, against 935,000 ton-s last year and 1 
401,000 tons the year ibefore. 



Susrar as a Source of Profit. 

The producers of cane sugar have not been 
in the habit of looking upon it as much of a 
source of profit, the comtpetition that has ex- 



A New Sus^ar Factory for Loreauville. 

The report comes from New Iberia that 
some 20,000 tons of sugar cane are con- 
tracted for by the management of a new 
sugar factory that will be put in operation 
within a year in the vicinity of Loreauville. 
Since the inauguration of the great central 
factories the Teche country has made won- 
derful progress and it is largely due to the 
sterling, industrious white population of that 
country, which is ready to engage in any 
farming industry that promises fair compen- 
sation. 



member of that body, and the members there- 
of who had the good fortune to know her per- 
sonally held her in the highest esteem. Local- 
ly she was loved and admired by all for her 
many fine traits of character and her kindly 
disposition, and her death has brought sorrow 
to a large circle of friends and relatives. On 
the 7th inst. her remains were laid to rest Id 
the Catholic Cemetery beside those of her de- 
voted husband. A Friend. 



Mrs. Amanda Delmas* 

Patterson, La., Aug. 9, 1909. 
Editor Louisiana Planter: 

The death of Mrs. Amanda Delmas, on the 
5th inst., at her residence on Hope plantation, 
a mile below Patterson, deserves more than a 
passing notice. The life of this most estima- 
ble lady should act as a stimulant and incen- 
tive to all who may be struggling with the 
problems of cane planting. Coming to Hope 
plantation from New Orleans with her husband 
thirty years ago. she entered on the life of a 
sugar planter without any previous knowledge 
of the business. Overflows and other misfor- 
tunes prevalent in those days overtook her. so 
that at the time of the death of her husband, 
John T. Delmas, twenty-three years ago, the 
plantation was involved in debt in excess of 
its value. Nothing daunted, she arranged with 
creditors to go ahead, and by strict economy, 
close attention to details and a natural ability 
for the business, she finally overcame her mis- 
fortunes and at her death left her plantation 
free from debt, in a high state of cultivation, 
besides leaving a snug little sum in invest- 
ments. 

Up to a few years ago, and having no chil- 
dren to care for, she devoted her entire time to 
the field, and anyone visiting her place would 
see her seated on her little pony directing per- 
sonally the field forces in their work. This 
activity continued without abatement, year af- 
ter year, until a few years ago, when, owing 
to old age and infirmities consequent thereto, 
she was obliged to abandon the field and keen 
to the house. Her interest in the work did 
not flag, however, no matter how ill she was, 
and up to within a few days of her death, in 
her eightieth year, she directed the affairs of 
the plantation. 

She took considerable pride in the fact of 
her having been elected an honorary member of 
the I^uisiana Sugar Planters' Association, it 
being understood that she was the only female 



1 he Passing of the Plantation. 

In our last issue we referred editorially to 
the tendency towards disintegration amoo^ 
the large plantations in this State, this bemg 
brought about by the difficulty of properly 
working immense areas of land with the in- 
sufficient and inefficient lal>or available in re^ 
cent years. Incidentally we referred to the 
intention of the Adeline Sugar Factory Com- 
pany, Limited, to dispose of its large landed m- 
terests surrounding its factory in St. Mary 
parish to properly equipped persons who would 
mise cane on their own account and on their 
own land for the Adeline Factory. Mr. B. A. 
Oxnard has given us some particulars concern- 
ing the plans of his company in this regard 
and he tells us that it is their expectation to 
sell all of their plantation lands, of which they 
have some 6,000 acres cleared, in tracts of 
ifty to a hundred acres. They are offering 
this land at an average price of about $65.00 
per acre, though • the amount varies slightly 
with the quality of the land, which is not 
quite the same on the different portions of 
their estates. They are willing to give pur- 
chasers a number of years in which to make 
the payments and they will require a cash 
paymtnt of from 10 to 20 per cent. If there 
arc any improvements on the land in the 
shape of cabins, etc., they will charge for these 
one-half what it would cost to erect them new. 
the appraisement to be made by any competent 
l)arty satisfactory to buyer and seller. During 
the time the payments are being made on the 
land the purchaser would be under contract to 
supply cane to the Adeline Factory, but after 
lie has completed his jmyments and become 
the owner of his place he will of course be at 
liberty to make any use of his land that he 
chooses, that is. he may raise any crop that 
he chooses, but as the Adeline Factory has 
its own railroad, switches, hoisting stations 
and all other facilities for cane handling on 
all of this land, they will be in a position to 
control all of the cane raised thereon, and 
as they pay a very remunerative price for cane 
they are confident that there will be no tempta- 
tion to drift into the raising of other crops. 
All of this seems to be a very notable departure 
indeed, and should these gentlemen be success- 
ful and dispose of their large landed inter- 
ests to the right sort of people their example 
will almost surely be followed by oth^r firms 
and individuals now owning both a factory and 
extensive lands adjacent thereto, as it seems 
inevitable that the separation of the manu- 
facture of sugar from the raising of cane 
must come sooner or later. The Adeline Sugar 
Factory Co., Adeline, La., will be glad to 
answer any inquiries from interested parties 
concerning' their lands. 



Personal. 

Mr. Oscar Zenor, of the Riverside plantation, 
in St. Mary parish, was a Sunday guest of the 
Monteleone Hotel. 



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LOCAL LETTERS, 



Iberville. 

(SPECIAL COBBESPONDBNCE.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

Weather conditions for the past two weeks 
have been simpJy horrible. The incessant 
rains have interfered with harvesting in all 
branches. In the cotton fields there is plenty 
of open bolls and usually at this time pick- 
ing is in order, but no cotton has been picked 
so far. The rice men have a good stand of 
rice, but have been unable to get in more 
than a few sacks. They find that trying to 
cut between showers does not net them any 
profit, owing to wages as well as sudden rains 
on cut rice. AVith the cane it is different; 
whilst a good sunny spell would be welcome, 
there is not much complaint so far. The cane 
is far advanced and can stand a great deal of 
rain. 

Owing to bad roads and still worse railroad 
facilities between Plaquemine and Baton 
Rouge, very few people from this parish were 
able to attend the Good Roads Convention 
called in that town to-dny. The people gen- 
erally "are keenly alive to the necess'^'y of good 
roads and lots of them. 

Mr. Odillon Labauve, aged 77, the husband 
of Mrs. Pamilia Mille, who is the owner of 
the Osage plantation, died at his home in 
Plaquemine on Saturday last. Mr. Labauve 
had been a resident of Plaquemine for more 
than fifty years, ai^d was highly esteemed. He 
leaves a daughter, Mrs. L. Delacroix, and two 
sons, Paul and Thos W. Labauve. 

Mr. and Mrs. Andrew^ H. Gay left on Wed- 
nesday for Michigan to spend the remainder 
of the summer. 

The Shady Grove plantation, formerly the 
property of Mr. Andrew H. Gay, and several 
years ago sold to Mr. Jules Jacobs for $30,000, 
was sold at public auction by the sheriff on 
Saturday last under foreclosure proceedings. 
There being but one bidder, the property was 
sold to the Iberville Bank and Trust Com- 
pany, at the price of $16,000. This planta- 
tion, lying on Bayou Grosse Tete, about mid- 
ways between Rosedale and Maringouin, is a 
fine estate, consisting of some 800 acres of 
cleared land and 200 acres of woodland. The 
T. and P. running the full length of the plan- 
tation givfs a ready outlet for produce. The 
place would be ideal for cane or rice. 

Ibebville. 



West Baton Rouge. 

(SPRCIJlL CORRB8POKDEKCE.) 

Editor Loumana Planter : 

Lovely growing weather has be^n the rule 
as far as cane goes: but our rice planters are 
annoyed by the daily little showers, which 
retard their work and prevent the rice from 
ripening as fast as it would if we had dry, 
hot sunshine. The rain of last Sunday was 
comparatively heavy where it fell, but, whether 
due to the dry condition of the ground or 
to the improved condition of our drainage, 
no rain has yet been heavy enough to put 
water on the land. We can do with what 
has fallen lately for a while; more would 
not hurt the sugar planter, but our rice 
friends need dry weather and we would like 
to see them harvest their crops under good 
conditions. 

Messrs. Dutreaux Bros. & Co., on Anchor- 
age, have succeeded in putting two half days 



in threshing and from what they can esti- 
mate at a rough guess they got eighteen bags 
to the acre. 

Messrs. Becnel Bros., of Carolina and Oaks 
plantations, have threshed a small quantity — 
enough to test their outfits as it were — rain 
preventing a regular run of the thresher. 
These gentlemen have one of the most prom- 
ising crops thereabouts, especially on "Caro- 
lina," which is a good rice place, especially so 
now, with two or three years' rest that it 
has had. 

We had the pleasure of meeting Mr. 
Roger Damare, field manager of Barrowza 
plantation, and from him hear that his crop 
is doing splendidly. He has had rain enough 
for all purpose.s and aside from ditch bank 
cutting, no work going on. Our conversation 
elicited a fact not generally known and proba- 
bly uncommon. "Barrowza" buys no fuel. The 
bagasse is sufl^icient to make the steam neces- 
sary to grind the cane and force the juice to 
"Catherine," several miles distant. 

Mr. David Devall had the misfortune to lose 
a cabin by fire last Sunday. The occupants 
were absent at the time, and although it was 
raining when the blaze started the house 
was destroyed. 

Our cotton planters are not faring well these 
days; too much rain and too much boll 
weevils. • What the latter did not hurt is 
being damaged by dampness, causing the bot- 
tom bolls to rot. 

Mr. Geo. Speeg, a small planter, who has 
gone into cane on a preparatory scale, but 
who had to plant cotton to occupy his land, 
he thought, last week borrowed a "stalk cut- 
ter" from a neighbor and de(«troyed his cotton. 
He then plowed it under, as is done with pea 
vines, and that will be that much legume 
buried in the ground, in which he intends to 
plant fall cane. 

The prospects for a continuation of rainy 
weather are evident; it is cloudy and although 
there is a tinge of fall atmosphere about, mak- 
ing it somew^hat cool, the clouds hang low and 
we look for rain at any minute. 

West Baton Rouge. 



Assumption. 

(SPECIAL COBBBSPONDENCB.) 

ftditor TxHtiHena Planter: 

"When will the rain let up?" is what the 
planters are asking this week. The rain has 
been falling in Assumption for nearly a solid 
month, and it is beginning to cause some dam- 
age to the pea vine crop. In some sections 
of the parish, where the drainage is not first- 
class, it is •doing some harm to the canes. 
Owing to the rains the temperature has not 
been as high as last week, and the sunshine 
has been less this week than for a long time. 
If the rarn should stop now no great damage 
would result, but there does not seem to be 
any signs of good weather just at present. By 
next week many of the planters would be 
ready to start harvesting the corn crop, but 
on account of the wet condition of the fields 
it is not likely that the breaking of corn will 
commence before week after next. No field 
work of any kind has been done in this par- 
ish during the week. 

In our letter of week before last, in com- 
menting on the excellent crop on Trinity, we 
unintentionally failed to give proper credit 
for the good showing of this crop to Mr. 
A. R. Munson, the able manager of thus 



plantiition. Mr. Munson has full charge of 
the Trinity plantation, except that part of 
the place which is in the hands of Mr. Eug. 
E. Chauvin. Mr. Chauvin's crop is one of the 
finest in the parish. 

Mr. Leo Cancienne, the able proprietor of 
the Hard Times plantation, was in Napoleon- 
ville to attend a meeting of the police jury, 
of which body he is president. Mr. Cancienne 
says that his crop is doing nicely, but that 
it has been getting too much rain during the 
past two weeks. All the large boilers of Mr. 
Cancienne's place are being overhauled with 
new pipes and the brick foundations under 
the boilers are being repaired. 

The handsome dwelling which has been built 
by Mr. Geo. S. Guion on the tract of land 
which he purchased from the Trinity planta- 
tion is now completed and he will remove to 
his new home by the end of the present 
month. 

A very successful Good Roads Meeting was 
held at the police jury rooms last Tuesday. 
Among the planters who took active part in 
the proceedings were : E. P. Munson, E. W. 
Pike, M. E. Roger and others. It was de- 
cided to hold a big Good Roads Convention in 
the near future and to invite the governor and 
other good roads experts to address the meet- 
ing. 

Most of the Assumption planters have pur- 
chased their fuel oil for the coming grinding, 
and the contract price on oil this year is not 
near as high as last year. 

The hauling of fuel oil from the Southern 
Pacific depot to Bellewood was being done 
last week and a part of this week by Mr. S. 
E. Roger. The haul is a long one and it is 
quite a difficult job. 

The large Wildwood plantation, situated in 
the Attakapas canal, is being offered for sale 
by the proprietors. The Wildwood plantation 
has been owned by the Beasley family since 
before the war. 

Assumption. 



Lafourche. 

(8P1ICUL COBBEflPONDEMCB.) 

Editor Louisiana i lanter : 

This has been an extremely wet week on 
Bayou Lafourche. The showers of last week 
have been increasing in frequency and length 
until now we are getting from one and a quar- 
ter to two inches a day. Roads, as usual in 
wet weather in this section of the Statt*. are 
becoming well nigh impassable. If -here is 
such a thing as having good roads in Louis'nni 
during the rainy season we should all join in 
an agitation for **Good Roads." We are all 
inclined to talk of good roads in bad weather, 
but so far it seems that the matter all ends in 
talk. Those who own automobiles (and there 
are now many of them) are very fortunate, as 
they are left in their garages, thus reducing 
the expenses of maintenance. Those who are 
fortunate enough to own motor boats, however, 
are also happy, for this is just their kind of 
weather. The motor boat goes (when it does 
go) in rain or shine, mud or dust, and its 
highways are numerous. 

We have not heard any complaints from the 
planters as yet on the score of too much rain, 
as rain at this season is necessary for the 
crops, but if it continues for a few days long- 
er there will be too much for anyone*s need. 

AVe notice that the Lockport Central is get- 
ting iron strung out along the bayou prepara- 



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[Vol. xUli, No. 7 



tory to extending their tracks aa far as Edna 
plantation, the property of Hon. Jos. T. 
Badeaux. This will give many of the smaller 
planters below here an opportunity to plant 
sugar cane. 

A. V. Smith, one of our new planters in this 
vicinity, made a trip to North Louisiana a 
few days ago and returned with a bride. He 
was married on Tuesday, August 3rd, to Miss 
Margaret Sprague, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Thos. B. Sprague, of Catahoula parish. Mr. 
and Mrs. Smith will reside in a neat new cot- 
tage on the Smith port plantation, back of 
Lockport. 

Lawrasbn brothers and W. M. Warren, of 
Georgia plantation, were seashore visitors last 
week. They spent a few days at Grand Isle. 

Mr. Elie Ducos, one of the best known mer- 
chants and planters on lower Bayou Lafourche, 
a man who has ever been found working for 
(he material welfare of this section, is lying 
at the point of death as we close this letter 
and it seems only a question of a few hours 
when his soul will pass to the great beyond. 
He has been an invalid for many years, and 
during his great suffering has borne up with a 
patience and fortitude that has been inspri- 
ing to those who have known him. His loss 
to this community will be felt by hundreds of 
poor people who have been his beneficiaries 
during his lifetime. Acadie. 



St. Mary 

(SPECIAL C0BBB8P0NDBNCB.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter : 

The weather seems to have broken loose in 
dead earnest, and we are having a great sur- 
plus of rain. We. could easily spare several 
inches. Commencing last Sunday evening there 
has been every day a downpour, flooding roads 
and fields. Wednesday it started early in 
the morning and pegged away steadily all day. 
The work on the crops, before the rain began, 
had put the lands into a highly pulverbed state 
and the heavy rains are washing it from the 
ridges and filling water furrows and cross 
drains, and many of our wisest planters are 
keeping their labor busy with shovels keeping 
their drains clear. Such kind of work may 
prevent the cane from damage by the pro- 
tracted rains, but there are serious misgivings 
as to the fate of corn and hay. Of the two lat- 
ter there was almost universally a fine crop 
and great hopes were entertained that enough 
of each would be produced and saved to suf- 
fice for next season^s crop. The pea vine 
is already showing signs of decay from the 
wet, and a week or so more will about cook 
its goose. 

The Oak Lawn Refinery have sent one of 
their rolls to Jeanerette to have a new shaft 
put into it. They bad broken a housing last 
grinding, and when it was put in it was die- 
covered that the shaft was cracked. They are 
also changing the pan, putting in a new bot- 
tom, somewhat more convex than the old one. 
I notice that they are now using their Fair- 
banks Dredge, near the refinery digging a 
place to land barges, in case they should de- 
termine to buy outside cane. This little dredge 
has been of such invaluable services to the 
Oak Lawn people tha-t I would think they 
would hate to part with it. 

Mr. Wilson >[cKerrall, the able and worthy 
president of the St. Marj* Bank, who owned 
a nice small plantation just below Centreville, 



and who has always been fairly successful with 
the crops raised on it, seems to have tired of 
the game and has sold it. Some Italians were 
the purchasers and the price $1C,000. There 
is a colony of Italians down in that section 
who have bought lands and have worked them 
with marked success, and whenever there is 
an inviting chance of investing in more land 
it is astonishing how they can go down into 
their stockings and fish out the requisite 
amount of dough. 

The rumors of the proposed change in the 
personnel of the ownership of the Katie, or 
Caflfery & Martel property, have become so 
generally talked of that there can be no im- 
propriety in mentioning it. It has not been 
fully determined between the owners just how 
the change will be made, whether Mr. Martel 
will buy or the Cafferys. It is a magnificent 
lot of property and each place composing it is 
situated so conveniently to the refinery that 
it is a plum well worth getting hold of by any- 
one who wants a sugar place. ^ 

We hear on all sides that there are one or 
two parties contemplating the starting of a 
line of boats from the Teche to New Orleans 
via the Plaquemine locks. A great part of 
the molasses from the Teche country is now 
being carried through the locks and we are 
looking for a lot of the next sugar crop to «^ 
through that way. C. 



Iberia. 

(8PBCIAL COBBISPOMDBXCB.) 

EtUtor Louiaiann Planter: 

We are having too much rain ; every day 
brings its shower, and often a regular down- 
pour. The fields and ditdies are flooded ; the 
roads are impassable and much complaint is 
heard on all sides, but none by the cane planter. 
He sits upon his gallery and views the "pre- 
cipitation" with complacency, knowing his cane 
is making joints every day and that moist 
weather will make big tonnage. Nothing both- 
ers him just now. The situation is quite dif- 
ferent with the rice planter, whose golden fields 
are nodding with heavy grain calling for the 
harvester. The incessant rains prevent the 
taking in of this rice and the situation is get- 
ting quite serious. A little work is done be- 
tween showers, but the quality is made bad 
by the discoloring of the grain, an excuse to 
the "expert" to grade low, to the detriment of 
the producer. Not one-half of the crop has 
as yet been harvested. Prices are very allur- 
ing; $4 at the mill is being paid at this 
point, and to think of losing any at such 
figures is most excruciating. The rain is also 
interfering with the making of htfy, gathering 
of corn and plowing, for all of this work must 
be done on time so as to prepare the ground 
for fall planting. The cotton crop, which had 
quite a spurt during the few days of July, has 
again received a setback from the excessive 
moisture, most of the bottom bolls having rotted 
and the middle forms and bolls the weevil 
has claimed long ago. The outlook for cot- 
ton in this parish is poor, indeed. 

Repair work in the sugarhouse is In full 
blast and large forces are at work getting 
ready for the great campaign!. Railroads are 
bping overhauled and extended and added facili- 
ties for reaching the cane producer are being 
accomplished. 

Speaking of railroads, the fine territory in 
which the town of Loreauville is located voted 
last Monday for a tax of $35,000 as a bonus 



to the New Iberia, St. Martin and Northern 
Railroad. The tax was carried 3 to 1 and 
the people are jubilant over the prospect of 
the iron horse entering their domain. This 
road connects at Port Barre with the 'Frisco 
and Iron Mountain systems of the T. and P., 
and will give quick contact with the cities 
of Kansas City and St. Louis. This immense 
territory of fine sugar and com land has 
been practically an unknown country on ac- 
count of lack of communication with the outer 
world, now soon to receive all the advantages 
and development of rapid transit. Already 
two sites for factories have been donated along 
the road and it is expected a great boom will 
be on there next season. 

Planters in town: H. N. Pharr, Hon. Jos. 
H. Provost, E. D. Guidrey, H. Patout, Gall 
Pharr, Ulysse Landry, Adrien Gonsoulin, Eu- 
gene Gonsoulin, C. C. Sampson, A. Theriot. 

Node. 



Avoyelles. 

(SPECIAL COBBB8PONDBMCB. 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

The rainfall since the 4th has measurably 
supplied the farmers of the Red River valley 
with sufficient moisture for present purposes. 
The rains have been partial. While the fall of 
rain was heavy at and in the neighborhood of 
Bunkie and east as far as Simsport and 
south along Bayou Beouf, reaching down into 
St. Landry, Rapides reports light and unsat- 
isfactory showers west from the parish line, 
two miles north of Bunkie, as far up as Le- 
compte. From information at hand it is now 
learned that refreshing rains fell over the cane 
districts of Cheneyville, Ix)yd, Meeker and Le- 
compte on the 7th and 8th. There were light 
showers then on the 10th and 11th. T^e cane 
crops throughout this section of the cane belt 
are as promising as the cane planters could 
wish for at this season of the year. The pea 
crop is heavy in its acreage and tho growth 
of vines and foilage is, if anything, the most 
promising noted for some years past. The 
rain, with damp and cloudy weather prevail- 
ing for some days past, has interfered with the 
harvesting and curing of alfalfa hay, of which 
there is quite an acreage in this and the ad- 
joining districts, which is now ripe and ready 
to reap, cure and stack for plantation feeding 
purposes. 

From what has been gleaned some of our 
progressive planters have about decided in 
the future to plant their back and stiff lands 
to such crops as com, alfalfa and rice, re- 
serving the sandy and mixed lands for cane, 
which will, to keep up the fertility of the cane 
lands, have to be planted every two or three 
years to com and peas. This method will bring 
on a diversity of crops, improve the land and 
insure an abundant yield of com, hay and feed- 
stuffs for home use and if needs be to market. 
Another new industry here is that of raising 
broom com. Experiments carried forward dur- 
ing the past three years raising broom corn 
have proved to the farmers who have tried the 
business that it is profitable. As a result of 
the same broom factories have been established 
at Evei*green and Alexandria and these fac- 
tories are now busy manufacturing brooms and 
brushes from home-grown broom straw. The 
grain threshed from the broom com can be 
fed to poultry or ground into meal and fed 
with cut hay to horses, mules or beef cattle. 
Therefore broom corn raising can be made very 
profitable. 



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THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



103 



On the morniog of the lOth Mr. Harvey 
Bubeuzer tendered hie services for a drive out 
to his mother's Ashland plantation, now the 
lovely home of Mr. Bubenzer, situated some 
three miles west of Bunkie, in Rapides. The 
cnue, com and pea crops on Ashland, as point- 
ed out by Mr. Bubenser as we drove along 
the turn rows, wei*e all that could be ex- 
pected at this season of the year. The D 74 
canes on Ashland presented a remarkably fine 
growth and the home canes were found to be 
equally as fine in growth as the D 74 cane. 
Mr. Bubenzer said that he could stand a good 
soaking rain now with advantage to his cane 
crop. Corn and peas on Ashland are ex- 
cellent. 

Closing this morning, the 11th, the indica- 
tions are favorable for a continuance of show- 
«?ry weather. Erin. 



St. Charles. 

(SPKCIAL COttUKSrOKDENCE.) 

Editor Louiaiand Plantmr: 

The past seven days have been very unset- 
tled throughout and even at the present writing 
the weather is yet in that condition, with all 
chances pointing to moi*e rain, which latter 
has been a daily gift ; with the fluctuations of 
moisture came also severe changes in the 
temperature, ranging from extreme heat at 
times to vei-y cool at others, and this, with 
the continued dampness, has shown its effect 
upon human beings, especially the small chil- 
dren who from all parts are suffering with se- 
vere colds and more or less fever and sore 
throats. The weather of the week has not 
been at all propitious to any form of crops 
excepting probably the cane, which shows no 
sign of being hurt. The corn, which is fast 
maturing, would do much better ht present with 
dry weather, as a good deal of it is already 
beginning to get dry, and with more rain mill- 
dew will more or less set in and spoil a good 
many ears. The hay crop, which is just be- 
ginning to give up its greenish hue to don its 
yellowish garb, is also being retarded by the 
rain. The truck farmers, who are ready to 
begin the preparation of the soil for the fall 
planting, are unable to do any work owing to 
vet grounds. The rice planters have been the 
heaviest sufferers from the fact that most of 
the rice is in good condition for cutting and 
a full break at this work was inaugurated 
on Monday, only lo be stopped during the day 
as a result of heavy rains; a good deal was 
cut and had to be turned over a couple of 
times in order to permit drying. This was a 
difficult task, as chances had to be taken be- 
tween the showers. The weather remaining 
so unsettled has caused a good many of the 
planters to stop cutting for the present and 
they will not make another start before some 
signs are apparent that good weather has set 
in. Some of these planters were yet unable 
to install their threshers, despite the fact that 
the river has gone down considerably. The 
trouble for the week was due to the rain 
making it too wet to permit the transferring 
of the threshers to the river bank. 

A terrible accident which befell ^Ir. L. 
Hymel, of the Speranza, and which could have 
easily proven fatal, occuiTed last Friday even- 
ing?. Mr. Hymel, accompanied by his father 
and grandfather, repaired on their horses to 
the back of the plantation and there hitched 
the animals and enjoyed a little hunting. 
After having amused themselves enoujch at this 



sport their attention was diverted to going 
home. So the younger Hymel went after the 
horses. He passed back of them and while 
just back of one horse he slipped to the ground 
and some vine or other substance must have 
surprised the animal just at the time that the 
head of Hymel was about to touch the ground. 
The animal kicked with both feet, one hoof 
striking Mr. Hymel on the chin and the other 
over the right eye. Some seven or eight teeth 
were broken and the lips terribly lacerated, so 
much so that sixteen stiches were put in. The 
eye hit was a terrible one and greatly cut 
thi forehead and cheek bone. Had the hoof 
hit in the hollow in place of striking the pro- 
jecting bones which nature has provided us 
with, a good search would have been neces- 
sary for the locating of the missing optic, as 
it would have been knocked clear out of his 
head. At the present writing Mr. Hymel is 
doing as well as could be expected. The 
chances are the eye will not be affected in- 
sofar as sight is concerned. 

Fbeshie, 



Calcasieu. 

(SPECIAL COBBB8POMDENC9.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter : 

Those planters in this section whose crops 
are ready for the harvester have been seriously 
interefered with by the daily rains that have 
fallen with almost unfailing regularity since 
the first of August. Local Weather Observerer 
Boudreaux*s report shows a total of 8.33 inches 
up to date, the heaviest fall having occurred 
within the past twenty-four hours, when 2.37 
inches were recorded. The next heaviest down- 
pour fell on the first, the record showing 2.34 
inches. This afternoon the rain ceased, the 
clouds broke and the sun has been shining 
brightly, with indications of favorable weather, 
though the weather reports predict "probable 
showers.** 

About the earliest rice harvested in the par- 
ish was in the Welsh neighborhood, where J. 
H. Phelps began cutting ninety-day Japan on 
the 2nd inst. Mr. Phelps planted about sixty 
acres of this variety after he had put in nLs 
Honduras, and the new Jap beat the Honduras 
by several weeks, as the latter is not ready for 
harvesting yet. Other farmers in the vicinity 
of Welsh will begin harvesting next week. 

Reports from the Jennings section of the 
parish show that the harvest there is well 
under way. Among those who have started 
cutting are H. Winn, president of the Louis- 
iana-Texas Awice Millers* Association; Mrs. 
H. F. Jones, Fred Marshall and Albert Lee. 
It is said that the Honduras crop there will 
be fully up to that of last year, although there 
are complaints of damage from blight. 

A rice harvester equipped with a gasoline 
engine to operate the machinery was exhibited 
at Jennings and a demonstration of lU useful- 
ness made before a large gathering of farmers. 
Some slight improvements are needed before 
the machine will be perfected, but it is evident 
that the small motors can be used with great 
saving, as it requires from six to eight horses 
to pull the harvester when not so equipped. 

Arthur H. Rosenfeld, assistant entomologist 
of the State Crop Pest Commission, visited 
the parish during the week in company with 
Dr. D. L. Van Dine, of the Texas department 
of ajfricultui-e. These gentlemen say that every 
section they have visited has experienced un- 



favorable conditons of some sort this season, 
and opine that there is not much chance for 
a normal crop. In reference to the rice root 
weevil Mr. Rosenfeld stated that the only 
method he could suggest for its eradicfition is 
thorough cultivation. He declares the weevil 
can be starved out if the fields are kept clean 
between crops. 

A meeting of the Louisiana Rice Millers* As- 
sociation was held in Lake Charles Tuesday, 
but the convention was an executive one and 
the attendant millers declined to make known 
any of the subjects discussed. 

The proposition of advertising rice with the 
view of increasing the consumption was dis- 
cussed at a meeting of the Louisiana-Texas 
Millers* Association held at Beaumont, Texas, 
Friday. Senator Henri L. Gueydan, one of the 
prominent Vermilion rice men, favors referring 
the entire matter to the Rice Association of 
America, and levying an assessment to defray 
the expense. This question has been agitated 
for many months, and definite steps will doubt- 
less be taken in the near future to place the 
merits of rice as a food before the American 
people. Among the T^uisiana men in attend- 
ance at the meetin*' were: S. Locke Breaux, 
of New Orleans; Robert Putnam and Henri 
Gueydan, Vermilion; J. W. Meyers, A. B. 
Allison, E. E. Edmundson, A. Kaplan and L. 
M. .- -mon, secretary of the Association, Acadia ; 
George Hathaway, Abbeville: W. H. P. Mc- 
Faddin, W. B. Conover, O. F. Corley, J. E. 
Broussard, Calcasieu, and representatives of 
the mills at Donaldsonville and Estherwood. 
Mr. Breaux delivered an address upon the 
necessity for co-operation and harmony among 
the millers, that was received with much fa- 
vor. 

C. Stene, a well known farmer and cattle 
raiser of Bell City, was in Lake Charles this 
week and reports crops in his section to be ' • 
fine condition. He says the rains have greatly 
benefited all vegetation. When discussing the 
charbon situation Mr. Stene said that none 
of the cattle in his section had been affected. 

R. L. Perry, one of the best known farm- 
ers and cattlemen of Calcasieu parish, died at 
his home in Vinton last Friday and another 
resident of that town passed away at the San- 
itarium in Lake Charles on the same day. The 
funeral ceremonies were held Saturday at Vin- 
ton, and all business was suspended during the 
obsequies. 

Colonel Sam Park, of Beaumont, Texas, one 
of the foremost good roads advocates in the 
South, passed through Calcasieu during the 
early part of the week on his way to New Or- 
leans in an auto, having left the Texas town 
Friday afternoon. The trip is being made by 
Mr. Park mainly in the interest of the highway 
from New Orleans to San Antonio. Texas. 

WniDDEN. 



Blymyer Iron Works Company. 

This famous sugar, coffee and rice machin- 
ery concern of Cincinnati, Ohio, reports that 
thfy have on hand this season a tremendous 
amount of work and have had their factory 
running over time handling the large number 
of orders received by them, especially for ship- 
ment to Latin-America. Their domestic trade 
is also running heavier this year than ever be- 
fore. The Blymyer Iron Works have a fine 
line of sugarhouse apparatus, especially the 
«!mnller sizes, and their milling plants and 
i^ujrar and syrup making outfits have a world- 
wide reputation. 



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[Vol. Jim, No. 7 



PORBIQN LETTERS. 



Havana. 

(STAFT COBBESrOh'OEKCB.) 

Havana, August 6, 1909. 
Sugar Market. — The heavy sales made in 
New York during the past week and which 
are said to amount to 100,000 tons, have 
reduced disposable stocks left on this island 
to such an extent that they will hardly suffice 
to meet the needs for local consumption until 
the end of the year, and this, with so much 
more i-eason, that whatever sugar may be here- 
after turned out by the few factories still 
operated in the eastern region, has also been 
anticipatedly sold and will probably be shipped 
off as soon as manufactured. 

These heavy purchases, together with the 
steady advance in Europe of prices for beet 
sugar, have considerably strengthened the New 
York market and a rather interesting feature 
was noted last week at said place in an in- 
creased demand from the United Kingdom for 
San Domingo and other non-privileged sugars, 
on a basis above that of the American Market. 
Basing themselves upon the present position 
of the staple, Messrs Willet and Gray, of New- 
York, say in their last **Sugar Statistical Re- 
view'' that: "The market closes very strong 
at the difference in parity between beets and 
centrifugals and it is becoming evident that 
this parity must sooner or later be closed up, 
and present indications point to such closing 
by continued, although gradual advances, in 
the American markets." 

This market has accordingly ruled also very 
strong though quiet, on account of the re- 
luctance with which the holders of the last 
parcels still remaining unsold at this place 
and near outports, bring them forward, pre- 
tending for same higher prices than those 
exporters can afford to pay at present. 

Producers ought to take advantage of the 
present rise to dispose at once of whatever 
small stocks they still retain, since within a 
month's time proceeds of the new beet crop will 
commence to arrive at markets which generally 
cause prices to decline and they will further on 
be utterly unable to obtain for their rem- 
nants of crops the prices ruling to-day. 

Market closes to-day very quiet, but strong- 
ly supported on the basis of 2 9-16 to 2 5-8 
cents per pound, for 95-90 test centrifugals and 
l%c to 1% c for 88-90 do. molasses sugars. 

Crop iV^eiM7«.--According to last reports from 
the interior the weather continues quite pro- 
pitious to the growing crop, in spite of the 
irregularity of the rain, for whilst it has been 
abundant, almost excessive at some places, es- 
pecially in the western and central region oi 
the island, the lack of moisture commences tc 
be felt with more or less intensity in some dis 
tricts of the eastern part of same. 

Though the rainy weather has interfered at 
several places with the cleaning of the fields, 
the work of preparing the lands and making 
new plantings is being actively pushed in all the 
districts where the condition of the soil allows 
the tilling of same and labor can be obtained 
on reasonable terms. 

The hot and rainy days, together with the 
cool nights which have prevailed for some time 
past, have considerably tended to the develop- 
ment of the cane, which presents almost everj'- 
where a vigorous and luxuriant aspect, in spite 
of the herbs and weeds which have invaded 
many fields, the excess of moisture in the soil 



.1 



at some places and the lack 'of laborers at I MolasscA. — Some molasses has been wade 
others preventing the cleaning of same. I during the late short grinding season, with small 

Plantaiions which are still grinding : Central I sales at 21c to 22c. 



factories, *'Lugareno," in the province of 
Camaguey, and "San Manuel," in that of St. 
Yago de Cuba, which had suspended grinding 



WeITINO & RiCHTER. 



Suc:ar in London. 



on account of heavy rains, resumed work last! The speculative market opened this week 
week and are now being operated under satis- ...^h ever- sign of a break in price*=, but the 

decline which took place was quickly recovered, 
and, although the tone has since been quiei, 
values have been steadily maintained. One 



factory conditions, the same as "Chaparra, 
"Santa Lucia" and "Preston," in the latter 
province. 

Sugar Recoipts.— On the 1st only five fac- 
tories were reported grinding and during the 
week ending on said day 2.275 tons were re- 
ceived at the six principal ports of the island 



would have thought that the tardy arrival of 
good weather for the -growing harvest cropj: 
would have had more effect on prices, but it 
would seem that at present there are not too 
9,417 tons exported from same and the stocks I many signs that the roots themselves are in- 
at all the warehouses amounted to 132,260 creasing so rapidly as to make up for their late 
tons, against two factories at work, no receipt j start. The primal development of the leaf, how- 
of sugar. 12,260 tons exported and 80,037 tons ! ever, is essential to the well doing of the plant 
in stores during the corresponding week of and from this point of view it must be admit- 



1908. 

Outlook for the Coming Crop, — Planters on 
this island are very hopeful, not only at th? 
brilliant prospect for the coming crop, which 
some pai-tifs already prognosticate will proba- 
bly exceed 1,600.000 tons, provided no unex 
uected event occurs in the forthcoming months, 
but also on account of the reports respecting 
the unfavorable weather which has lately pre- 
vailed in Europe for the beet cY*op, whose yield, 
it is anticipated, will be rather poor, a draw 
back that is necessarily to considerablv influ 



ted that the crop has made a favorable com- 
mencement. There is still little disposition 
to offer new crop sugars from the continent, 
from which it may be assumed that prestnt 
prices, which should be fairly remunerative 
to the producer are not regarded as too at- 
tractive, while the possibility later on of heavy 
supplies of relatively cheaper cane sugar is 
either overlooked or not considered likely to 
cause much disturbance to beet values. Cer- 
tainly the European consumption continues 
to grow, and should be able to account for 



ence prices next year in all the markets 1 ^^^^ increased production of the coming Euro- 
of the world. t. D. pf'an crop. The actual figures of the consump- 

— __ I tion of colonial and beet root suear in 

' ju.urope, from September 1, 1906. to June 3(>, 
I 1900. are estimated at 3,844,008 tons, an in- 
crease of 332,528 tons In the last four years, 
while during the same period the European 
beet sugar production has declined to the esti- 
mated extent of 418,345 tons. It may be as- 
sumed, therefore, that the moderate increast* 
which is expected from this year's crop will 
really be wanted to meet the normal improve- 
ments in the consumption. With reference to 
the cane markets and their connection with 
the United States a certain quantity of sugar 
is still being made in Cuba, but owing to very 
small receipts of raw sugar and heavy melt- 
ings by the American refiners, their stocks 
have experienced a sharp shrinkage, while New 
York prices are, perhaps, on this account rather 
higher for forward delivery. Reports from 
other countries remain favorable as regards 
crop prospects, while it is interesting to note, 
of a mark of further progress of the West 
Indies, the flotation of a company, the chief 
purpose of which is to erect in Jamaica sev- 
eral central factories to produce sugar and 
rum under modern conditions. There has been 
a rather better demand in Tendon this week 
for cane refining kinds at about previous rates, 
but the inquiry for grocery sligars from the 
trade has been rather poor. A good business 
ha.-\ however, been done in Crystallised for 
government purposes, and 5y this means val- 
ues have been maintained. The imports of 
crystallised raws to London for the week end- 
ing 22nd inst. amounted to 1,225 tons, and 
for this year to 28,653 tons, against against 
25.373 tons in 1908. 

The refined market has been practically un- 
changed, the demand having been steady, and 
prica*! for white sugars remain unaltered, al- 
though beet is rather «/a«ler. English stand- 
ards have been in good request, but there is 
no change in value. Continental sugars are 
selling slowly at late rates. Chips and crushed 



British Quiana. 

C8TAFF CnitRRSPOKDEKCE.) 

Editor Louisiana Planter: 

Demerara, July 24, 1000. . . 

Markets. — Canadian refiners appear to be 
out of the market at present and the nominal 
value of 96 crj'stals for export may be quoted 
•It $2.20 per 100 pounds. For October. Novem- 
ber and December delivery there is no inquiry*. 
Small parcels for local consumption have been 
sold at $2.25 to $2.40 per 100 pounds, ac- 
cording to quality. Rum market continues 
steady, but sales are effected with difficulty. 

Weather and Conditions. — Rain has fallen 
l^ersistently during the current month and 
there have been only four or five dry days. Rain 
gauges in Demerara have recorded from 10 to 
13 inches, in Essequebo from 7 to 11 inches 
and in Berbice from 4 to 8 inches. A few brief 
spells of bright, hot sunshine have been ex- 
perienced. Berbice county has been fortunate 
in escaping the heavy rainfall experienced in 
Demerara. Weather has been unfavorable to 
growing crops. Rainfall has been too heavy 
and there has been an absence of the sunshine 
and heat required to encourage growth. Canes 
growing on heavy clay soils and clay mixed 
with sand have suffered severely and have a 
short and stunted appearance. On friable por- 
ous soils canes have on the whole grown well, 
and although backward for age they look 
healthy and vigorous. The prospects are that 
on the average a disapiwinting yield of sugar 
will be obtained from the acreage to be reaped 
during the last quarter of the year. A few 
estates possessing light fertile soils will do 
well and in districts where rainfall has not 
been excessive canes will stretch rapidly under 
the influenc** of hot forcing w^eather. Tillage 

operations have been delayed owing to the wet , , . , , , .- 

condition of the soil. Weeding continues to ^^^^^^^^^^ JP. ,^?""«",^-, ^^ P^i^^s ^X^ h^gl^^r. 



be a tedious and costly undertaking. 



< are md to 3d dearer. Syrup is slow. — 
Produce Markets Review^ July 24. 



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105 



New York. 

(STAFF CORRESPONDKXCE.) 

Ther is nothing unusual in the fact that 
things are extremely quiet here at this time. 
This is always the quietest period of the year, 
being the very height of the summer vacation 
season. Most folks are out of town now and 
will be for the balance of this month. Talk 
about this season's work in the sugar fields 
Is about over and now speculations are begin- 
ning to be made as to what may be expected of 
the next. 

The Cuban situation presents a pretty prob- 
lem. In view of the fact that so comparatively 
little big new work was actually pushed for- 
ward to completion this season and in view of 
the large amount which Is known to be under 
advisement, there still remains a great deal to 
be done next year provided financial conditions 
show an improvement. The financial situation 
is dependent very largely upon the political sit- 
uation and that is why t^veryone halts at mak- 
ing a forecast. 

With the tariff matters actually settled and 
out of the way, and the brightest kind of pros- 
pects in sight for general business betterment, 
there would doubtless be every incentive to 
bank on a most prosperous season in the sugar 
industry were it not for the Cuban enigma. 

Mr. W. S. Marr. one of the owners of the 
0>anovanos Central, of Porto Rico, has been 
expected in town by his friends for the last 
week or so. He has not arrived as yet so far 
as can be learned. He is on his way to Eng- 
land to join his family and advised his friends 
that he would stop off in New York a few 
days. It is expected that he will place some 
orders for machinery, including a large vacuum 
pan. It is not thought that any extensions 
will be made to the milling department of the 
Canovanos, as a large new mill, purchased from 
the Fulton Iron Works, was installed last 
year and is giving very excellent service. 

Mr. Frank Schaffer, president of Hugh Kelly 
& Co., of this city, who is now in Cuba making 
a tour of inspection of the properties controlled 
by this company, is expected back in New 
York next Tuesday. He is scheduled to sail on 
Saturday's steamer. His original plans called 
for his leaving for a Santa Domingo town im- 
mediately after his return to this city, but this 
may be changed, as it may be found necessary 
that he shall first make an European trip. The 
letters he has been writing home indicate that 
he has found every tiling in first class order on 
the islands and it is not probable that much 
new equipment will be purchased. 

Mr. E. C. Davidson, who, as we have pre- 
viously noted, has recently accepted the posi- 
tion of general superintendent of the Central 
Plaza Grande, which is situated on the Island 
of Vieques, Porto Rico, has returned to the 
island, after a stay in this country of several 
.weeks. Mr. Davidson placed a number of 
good sized equipment orders with Mr. George P. 
Anderton, of 29 Broadway, who will act as 
his American correspondent. Mr. Davidson has 
some very ambitious plans for the Plaza 
Grande and judging from his past successful 
achievements his work will prove a telling effect 
in raising the efficiency of the Central. It will 
be recalled that his work on the Guanica and 
the Mercedita was of an especially complimen- 
tary nature. The Plaza Grande is owned bj 
the Successores de Benites, who are prominent 
Porto Rican producers. 

The Wheeler Condenser and Engineering 



Company, of Carteret, N. J., and 90 West 
street, New York, have just issued what they 
term their bulletin No. 105. It is a well 
printed and illustrated and excellently written 
treatise on some of the equipment for sugar- 
house work produced by this company. Descrip- 
tions and illustrations are given of the Wheel- 
er Vacuum Pan, with condenser, the Wheeler 
triple effects, Wheeler-Edwards air pumps, de- 
fecators, cooling towers, surface condensers, 
etc. We are advised that the Wheeler Com- 
pany has engaged an excellent season's busi- 
nes in the sugar trade, booking several orders 
of especial importance because of the high 
efficiency guarantees under which they will 
be installed. 

The genial and well known Mr. Tom McCar- 
ten, sugar engineer, who for many years was 
associated prominently with the Trinidad Sugar 
Company, of Trinidad, Cuba, is now in this 
country enjoying his annual post season va- 
cation. Mr. William Bowers, chief engineer of 
the Trinidad Company, is also here, and con- 
sequently they are both here. The Hon. Tom 
McCarten, as his friends know him, is a good 
deal of an authority on other matters than 
sugar machinery. For instance, he knows how 
to pilot friends through Coney Island and show 
them sights that are not seen from the rubber- 
neck wagons. Well, his friends say it is suffi- 
cifnt to state that he was seen showing the 
fights of Coney to Mr. William Bowers, of 
Trinidad, Cuba. 

Mr. George F. Eldred, the energetic New 
York manager of the Philadelphia Copper- 
smithing Company, has done so well in taking 
care of his company's business this season that 
he has been forced to seek larger quarters. He 
has taken a larger suite of offices in the 
Beard building, 120 Xiiberty street. We hear 
that he has something new up his sleeve which 
will soon command the attention of the sugar 
making trade. 

^Ir. A. Musy, one of the best known Porto 
Rican sugar plant engineers, who represents 
the Krajewski-Pesant Company oh the island, 
is now enjoying his summer vacation in the 
Canadian woods. He stopped ' on his way to 
pay his respects to many of his host of friends 
in town. 



New York. 

New York, Aug. 0, 1909. 

This has been a good week in the sugar 
trade and prices are higher. At the close sev- 
en days ago San Domingos and Surinans afloat 
.sold at 4.02. Then came additional sales at 
4.02 and then an advance of 1.32c on the 
transfer of 1,300 tons St. Croix sugar at 4.05. 
Yesterday another 1.32c was added in the 
sales of Cnbas and Porto Ricos at 4.08. A 
n.OOO ton Java cargo was reported sold at 
4.09. To-day Javas have sold at 4.12. 

Quite a few different factors are influencing 
sugar values, but the markrt is principally af- 
fected by the situation relating to the Java 
supplies. The Java cargoes form the greater 
part of the stocks we use during thp autumn 
season. As a rule our reiIn«Ts buy Javas in 
May or June. This year purchasing has been 
delayed and we are only commencing to get 
hold of these shipments. The Java crop was 
late, retarded by unfavorable weather, and 
the quantity embarked in June and July much 
less than in ordinary years. The first Javas 
get here at the end of August. At that time 
the stocks of Cubas and Porto Ricos owned by 



the refiners are diminished and there are only 
a few lots of these latter sugars then to come 
to market. Had the usual June and July ship- 
ments been made from Java the even level of 
our sugar supply would not have been dis- 
arranged. Javas are selling at a figure under 
the beet price. The English refiners want 
them as well as we. There has been com- 
petition and prices have advanced. All cane 
sugar.^ that can help fill in the period that will 
exist of lessened Java arrivals are commanding 
higher quotations. On the continent the beet 
traders have advanced values in beet sugars, 
believing that England thi^ year will find it 
necessary to use an extra quantity of beets to 
tnke the place of cane that will not be avail- 
able when wanted. The beet traders are also 
nutting up quotations because of the unfavor- 
nble weather reports coming from the fields 
The plants are backward, not having had 
enough warm weathei*. and although the crop 
may in the end turn out all right and the de- 
^ciency in weight and s<\ccharine be made up 
Inter in the season, still the possibility of a 
shortage will buoy values wnlle field condi- 
tions continue without improvement. Another 
thing that is influencing sugar values is the 
better demand for refined in the United States, 
^nd that is the main point that concerns the 
tradp here. The demand has increased, the 
'actual consumntion is now running along on a 
higher level, there has been an advance that 
irives dealers a profit, prices are firm, and there 
Is a good outlook for business during the rest 
of the summer and whole autumn season. 

Rcfineff Sugar. — ^The Federal "ten point 
Ii«t" advance yesterday was the only price 
change this week. To-morrow at noon the 
Federal will hold prices firm, net basis 4,95, 
less 1 per cent cash, continuing to accept br-M- 
ne«8 basis 4.85 until that time. The A. S. R. 
Co.. Howell. Arbuckle and Warner quote f. o. 
b.. net basis 4.85, less 1 per cent cash, with 
a general ten point advance expected, and 
we reouest our customers who will need more 
sugar than they now have bought to telegraph 
us discretionary orders earlv Monday morning. 
M. G. Wanzor & Co. 



Hawaii. 

HoNOLULiT. July 8, 1000. 

fSPRCTAL mairRSPONDBNCB.^ 

Editor LoviMinna Pin titer: 

Now that the grinding season is about over 
on most of the sugar plantations. Important 
renovations and additions are about to besin 
in many mills, which will greatly facilitate the 
handling of next sea.son*s crop. 

At present there is being nuilt in the Hono- 
lulu Iron Works a comnlete new sugar factory 
for the Hilo Sugar Company, of Hilo. Hawaii, 
which will be an absolutely modemly equipped 
factory, with a 32'\0«" 12-roller mill and 
crusher, a large installation of crystal lizers, 
rentral condensation, vacuum pans with the 
"express" calandria system, steel buildings, etc. 
Everything will be delivered this year ^nd 
erected on a site close to the present factory 
during the next grinding season and will be in 
operation the latter part of next year — 1910. 

Pepeekeo Sugar Company, on the island of 
Hawaii, will also have a new 32"x60" 9- 
roller mill, which will be worked in conjunc- 
tion with the present 3-roller mill and crusher, 
thus forming a modern and well arrantrod 12- 
roller mill. In addition this factory will also 
be supplied with central condensation system 



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[Vol. xlili. No. 7 



and a new steel building for the milling plant. 
The work is now in process of construction by 
the Honolulu Iron Works Company, of this 
city. 

Also in course of construction by the Hono- 
lulu Iron Works is a 32"x60'* 9-roller mill for 
the Honokaa Sugar Company, which, with the 
present 3-roller mill and crusher, will form a 
modern 12-roller mill. Further installations 
for this mill will consist of a large new Hono- 
lulu Iron Works standard quadruple evapora- 
tor, cryatallizers, additional filter presses and 
machinery for a new wire rope landing. 

A complete wire rope landing is also being 
furnished to the Pacific Sugar Mill. Also addi- 
tional crystallizers, etc., for their factory. 

Besides the above work the shops of the 
Honolulu Iron Works are running to their full 
capacity making a number of additional boilers, 
crystallizers, mill repairs, etc., for the various 
plantations in the islands, all of which ma- 
chinery will be completed in time for next 
grinding season. In addition to this there is 
in process of construction a large quantity of 
modem pineapple machinery to meet the re- 
quirements for this rapidly growing industry 
here. 

The Honolulu Iron Works Company has also 
completed during the past year a large and 
modern sugar factory for the Tabasco Land 
and Development Company at their Oaxaquena 
estate, on the Tehuantepec Isthmus, Mexico. 
This factory has a daily grinding capacity of 
1,000 tons of cane, but is arranged for doubling 
up. It is manufacturing a white granulated 
sugar, samples of which show a most magnifi- 
cent product, and which is readily sold in the 
open market in Mexico. This factory^ is also 
modernly equipped with O-roller mill and 
crusher later to be convertfd into a 12-roller 
mill, crystallization in motion, central con- 
densation system, electric power used wherever 
possible, calandria vacuum pans, quadruple 
evaporator and buildings of steel structural ma- 
terial. Connected .with this large factory is a 
modern distillery for making a high grade alco- 
hol from the refiwe mola.«ses. This company's 
estate is located in the most fertile part of 
Mexico, surrounded on three sides by a river 
which never runs dry. and the climate is of the 
most suitable kind for tropical cane cultivation. 
The entire factory was designed and ordered for 
the Tabasco Land and Development Company 
by the Honolulu Iron Works Company ac- 
cording to the latest and best practice, but 
nearly all the machinery was built in various 
shops in the Eastern States and some of the 
parts in Europe. 

The New York office of the Honolulu Iron 
Works has also been engaged in reconstructing 
various factories in Porto Rico and installed 
a 12-roller mill at the Central Agoirre. The 
principal work done by the New York office, 
however, was as consulting engineers to the 
Guanica Centrale, where a large amount of new 
machinery was installed and reconstruction of 
the old machinery took place during 1907-8, 
which meant the installation of three 12-roller 
mills and crushers, additonal vacuum pans, 
quadruple evaporators, boilers, centrifugals and 
new buildings, bringing this — the world's larg- 
est factory — up to a daily cane grinding ca- 
pacity of approximately 5,000 tons. 

Besides this work, the New York engineer- 
ing branch of the Honolulu Iron Works Com- 
pany has also been engaged in the installation 
of new machinery and rearranging other sugar 
factories in Porto Rico, Machete being one. 

A limited amount of machinery has been 
built in Honolulu for Fiji Island sugar fac- 
tories: for the Crockett Refinery, in California, 
and other places. 

The Honolulu Iron W^orks employ at present 
about 500 men and about 40 draughtsmen and 
clerks. While the h'^adauarters is in Honolulu- 
the branch in New York has an efficient staff 
of engineers and draughtsmen, and a purchas- 
ing departmpnt attached. From 15.000 to 20.- 
000 tons of raw material of various descrip- 
tions, as well a^ engineoring supplies, are pur- 
chased annually through this denartment for 
use for the business in the Hawaiian Islands. 

Kaka. 



Hawaii. 

(STAFF COnBBSPOXDENCE.) 

The dark cloud which hung over the Ha- 
waiian sugar plantations because of the Japa- 
nese labor trouble appears to have a silver 



lining. Mr. Richard Ivers, President of the 
Territorial Board of Immigration, reports that 
the board is highly pleased with the prospects 
for securing additional labor. A good share of 
this labor is coming from the Philippines. For- 
ty-five native Filipinos' arrived in the steam- 
ship Korea last Tuesday and have been re- 
leased from quarantine to-day, the Korea hav- 
ng had a case of bubonic plague on board. 
These have oeen sent to Kahuku plantation. 
To-day the Hawaiian Sugar Planters* Associa- 
tion is in receipt of a cable from their agents 
in the Philippines, L. E. Pinkham and O. E. 
Stevens, stating that there have been sent 
in the steamship Nippon Moru, due July 30th, 
150 Filipinos; in the steamship Manchuria, due 
August 20th. 117 Filipinos, and in the steam- 
ship Chiyo Maru, due August 27th, 400 Fili- 
pinos. Furthermore, that shipments will be 
dispatched by each Pacific Mail steamer here- 
after. This source of labor alone will ease 
up the labor situation very considerably, as the 



JOHN A. SCOTT. 

Filipinos have been proven a very good class 
of labor. 

In addition A. J. Campbell, agent for the 
Territorial Board of Immigration, who is now 
in Europe, expects to recruit a large number of 
Portuguese families. Finally, the board has 
closed negotiations with A. W. Perelstrous. the 
Vladivostok contractor, to furnish immigrants 
from Ru.«:sia. Sixty families will be tried first 
and* if these prove satisfactory and can adant 
themselves to local climate and conditions, ar- 
rangements will probably be made for immigra- 
tion on a larger scale. 

In the meantime the .Tapanei«e labor strike 
remains in statu quo. A few .Japanese drift 
back to the plantations from time to time, but 
in no great numbers. Many have left for the 
other islands, thinking to obtain employment 
there, and it is thought by the managements 
of Oahu and Honolulu plantations — the ones 
under strike — that a labor boycott is being 
operated against them. 

Even though all the Japanese return to work 
there is amj)]? need for all immigrants on the 
way. .ns the plantations have been short of 
labor for 4*ome time. The source of immigra- 
tion from .Japan and China having been shut 
off by treaty regulations there has not been 
onough additional incoming labor to fill the 
vacancies left by those who have died or left 
the territory. Furthermore, the plantations 
have been continually increasing their acreage 



and «omfr labor has been diverted from toe 
plantations to pineapple farms, etc. 

A strong effort will be made at the forth- 
coming meeting of the National Irrigation 
Congress at Spokane, Washington, to have 
Hawaiia included in the Federal irrigation 
Scheme. When the act was passed by Con- 
gress creating a reclamation service Hawaii 
was not yet a territory, and so far has not 
been allowed to participate in the benefits of 
the scheme. Since the passage of the act, 
however, Texas has been included, although 
not mentioned in the act, as were the States 
and territories which were intended to be bene- 
fited. If Hawaii can be included in the Fed- 
eral irrigation plan much good will result 
for the territory, as large tracts of government 
lands will be opened for agricultural purposes. 
These lands at present are leased as gracing 
land, but the territorial government retains the 
privilege of opening them to settlers at any 
time. The placing of water on these lands 
will make them valuable for tobacco, cotton, 
coffee and other diversified crops. 

Grinding has ceased on nearly all island 
plantations. Eva will finish at the end of 
this week and AVaialua will not finish until 
near the end of August. The two plantations 
under strike, Honolulu and Oahu. will be 
much later owing to having inexperienced men 
in the mills and because not enough cane is 
being brought in from the fields to permit the 
mills to run day and night. Oahu will not fin- 
ish grinding until the latter part of October 
at the present rate of progress and it is ex- 
pected the cane will suffer somewhat before 
that time. At present the quality of the juice 
is very good and the plantation is not sustain- 
ing much loss on grinding the present crop. 

C. W. Renear, a local inventor, announces 
that he has a new machine for gathering cane 
on the field and loading it on fiat cars. Mr. 
Renear says his invention will reduce the 
labor of carrying cane from the field to the 
cars fully 50 per cent. As ^oon as a patent 
can be secured the inventor will build a full- 
sized machine and give an exhibition on one 
of the plantations. 

Mr. W. G .Walker, manager of Ookala plan- 
tation, died last week. Mr. Walker has been 
manager of Ookala for the past nineteen years 
and has been identified with the island sugar 
industry for thirty-one years. He was con- 
nected at various times with Laupahoehoe, 
Hakalau and Ilamaian Commercial plantations. 
I'he management of Ookalu for the present 
will devolve upon (ieo.j McCubbin, head fore- 
man of the plantation, until arrangements can 
be made for a permanent successor. Mr. Walk- 
rr has been failing for. some time and, on the 
ndvice of his physician, was engaged in clos- 
ing up his affairs at the plantation ^vhen death 
called him. He was nearly seventy years of 
age. 

Accompanying this letter is a photograph of 
Mr. John A. Scott, manager of Hilo Sugar 
(^ompany ever since its incorporation in 1884. 
Mr. Soott is a Canadian by birth. He came 
to the islands in 1879 to erect Hakalau mill, 
and besides being one of the most comnetent 
plantation managers in the islands is a leader 
in public affairs on the island of Hawai. 

Kaka. 



Trade Notes. 

Cooperage. — The attention of all our read- 
ers is dii*ected to the advertisement of John 
Heyd. apearing elsewhere in the Planter. 
Mr. Heyd is one of our foremost coopers and 
has built up an enviable trade among the sugar 
planters by his fair dealing and careful busi- 
ness methods and the excellence of the material 
he handles. He makes a specialty of suear 
planters' requirements in the cooperage line 
and enjoys a large personal acquaintance with 
them. lie is a manufacturer of and dealer in 
all grades of barrels and barrel material, staves, 
headings and hoops and he solicits correspon- 
depce or personal visits at his office and coop- 
erage shop, 611 Commerce Street, New Or- 
leans. 



Personal 

Mr. Geo. B. Rouss. a prominent planter of 
the upper coast, was at the Cosmopolitan Hotel 
on Tuesday. 



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107 



Su^ar Development in Formosa. 

Little is known of this beautiful island, which 
lies to the east of China, and separated from 
it by the Formosan Channel, having a width 
of about 250 miles at the southern end and 
about 60 miles at the northern end, the south- 
ernmost part being a little ovier 200 miles 
north of the northernmost part of the Philip- 
pines. Formosa was ceded to Japan in 1895 
as her share of the spoils of the Japan-China 
war, and since that time the development of 
the island, and more especially the sugar indus- 
try in the southern and middle portions on the 
western side, has made almost phenomenal 
strides. 

Japan in possession, was not long in recog- 
nizing what a *plum'* she owned ,and at once 
began the work of development, not only in 
sugar, which is the principal subject of this 
paper, but in making improvements for in- 
creased shipping facilities and other commer- 
cial enterprises on a large scale. Sugar pro- 
duction, w^hich only a few years ago stood 
third or fourth on the list of exports, is now 
the leading product exported and promises in 
the next few years to dispense with the pres- 
ent importation of from 200,000 to 300,000 
tons of sugar annually from Java and else- 
where and upon which there is a high import 
tax. 

The soils and climate of southern and middle 
Formosa are admirably adapted for the cultiva- 
tion of sugar cane ; there being the requisite 
amount of elements in the soils for good cane 
growth. The rains, which average between 
50 and 60 inches annually, generally fall at 
the right season, with a very high humidity 
during the best growing months and a heavy 
dew all the year round. Previous to Japan 
taking over the island but little if anything 
was known about modem agricultural imple- 
ments for the turning of the soils or for the 
manufacture of sugar, the agricultural i>ortion 
consisting of the land being once plowed by 
buffaloes and the crudest kind of a home-made 
plow. Common to all Chinese rice planters, 
after which operation the field was ready for 
planting. The mills, with few exceptions, w-ere 
portable and consisted of two stone rollers 
set vertically with hard wood cogs driven into 
receptacles at upper ends of >, rollers, thus 
forming the gearing. At the top on one of 
the rollers the hard wood shaft extended out 
far enough to make connection to one end 
of a long wood bar, the yoke for the buffalo 
attached to the other end completing the 
crushing part of the plant. The juice from 
the canes, which were passed through the 
rollers by hand one at a time, trickled down 
into a pit dug in the soil, some times into an 
iron rice pan, from which it was conveyed 
through a bamboo pipe into the first of a series 
of . from three to six big iron rice pans set 
on top of a crude brick furnace, kept fired 
by the crushed cane after it had been dried in 
the son, the juice from the first pan being 
baled into the second and so on until it 
reached the last pan. By that time it had 
been pretty well concentrated and the water 
well evaporated, forming concrete sugar ready 
for the mat bags, into which it was shoveled 
and weighed ready for the market. The whole 
factory was generally under one rice straw 
thatched roof. 

We shall now deal principally with the im- 
portation of foreign made machinery supplied 
to the Taiwan Sugar Company, who we may 



add were the pioneers in revolutionising the 
manufacture of sugar on this island. The 
above company was reorganised and its cap* 
italization increased to yen 10,000,000, baying 
for some of its stockholders the leading bank- 
ers of the Mikado's ri»lm. The first attempt 
to modernize a factory was made at Koshiken, 
in the south of Formosa, about ten miles 
north of Takow (which in the next few 
years will be the main shipping port of the 
island), which, with additions to same, made 
in Europe as late as the year 1905, did not 
give results comparing favorably with results 
obtained on sugar plantations on the Hawaiian 
Islands; consequently the manager, a Japa- 
nese gentleman of considerable ability, who 
had spent some fifteen years in Europe study- 
ing political economy, and, by the way, a 
member also of the last and present Japanese 
Parliament, decided to send a few of his best 
educated sugar subordinates to study condi- 
tions in Hawaii. The report made on the 
sugar industry of Hawaii by these experts 
on their return resulted in an order being 
placed with the Honolulu Iron Works Com- 
pany, of Honolulu and New York, for a 
complete modern sugar factory having a ca- 
pacity of treating 450 tons of cane per day. 
This order was placed in the fall of 1906. 
A few months following the placing of this 
order Mr. C. Hedemann, the manager of the 
Honolulu Iron Works Company, was re- 
quested to go to Tokio and discuss with the 
directors of the Taiwan Sugar Company the 
ordering of two additional complete new mod- 
ern factories for their company. This was 
d<y)e and resulted in the placing of orders for 
one factory of 1,000 tons of cane per twenty- 
four hours, with steel buildings, and one of 
1,200 tons of cane per twenty-four hours, with 
steel buildings. These new orders were booked 
in Honolulu in January, 1907, and lettei'ed 
respectively B. and C, the former small fac- 
tory being known as "A." 

Factory "A" was shipped from Honolulu 
during the month of April, |907, landed at 
Takow in June, erected and began operations 
the last day of December the same year. The 
transportation of this machinery and building 



material from Takow was done on the Govern- 
ment Railsoad, then existing, and which since 
then has been extended to connect the north and 
south of the island, a distance of over 260 
miles, the oflScial opening of which was made 
by a Prince of the Royal Household in the 
fall of 1908. We may here add that factory 
**A" was erected alongside the factory already 
mentioned, which was built only a few years 
previously, and owing to the good results ob- 
tained from this factory **A" during the first 
crop it took off the Taiwan Sugar Company 
requested an increase being made on same, in 
order that more of the cane could be put through 
here and less through the older one. As the 
buildings and machinery for this small fac- 
tory "A" had not been designed with pro- 
vision for any large addition or extension, 
only an increase was added to the evaporator, 
and a few additional settling tanks, which 
however resulted in a daily increased amount 
of cane from 450 to over 660 tons per day. 

During the month of April, 1908 and while 
factory "A" was busy taking off its first crop, 
the machinery for "B'* and "C" began arriving 
at Takow. For the 1000 tons factory *'B" all 
of the machinery and building material had to 
be landed at the above Port, reloaded on to 
shallow draught scows and taken under tow 
up a lagoon for 8 or 10 miles before being 
landed at the new mill site, the material for 
"C" being reloaded on Government Railroad 
caos and deliverd at a point at about half way 
between Takow and Ako (its ultimate desti- 
nation by narrow gauge Railway alongside the 
Government Railroad. The distance from 
Takow to Ako is about 25 miles and on the 
Plantation portion of this railroad the second 
half of the distance, over two miles of railroad 
bridges have to be crossed. As factory "C" 
had' the largest area of cane to be manu- 
factured for the first season, every effort was 
put forth to get this factory completed earlier 
tiian promised, this was accomplished and all 
ready and a start made on November 20th, 
while factory "B" was completed the latter 
part of December. Both factories during the 
past season worked full capacity, and as both 
are identical in shape and equipped with the 



TIIE FIRST ATTEMPT TO MODERNIZE A FACTORY. 



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io8 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xllii. No. 7 



"b" factory, of 1,000 CAPACITY. 



most modern driving and labor saving devices, 
with the exception that one is a trifle larger 
than the other, a general description of one 
installation may be of interest to our read- 
ers. 

The cane carrier is 100 feet long by 6 feet 
wide, alongside of which on one side is the 
railroad connecting the cane car storage yard 
and from which the cane to b^ unloaded is 
hauled alongside the carrier in cars by a 
mechanical device, the empty cars passing 
straight ahead to a turntable, where they 'are 
switched on to sidings for storage of empty 
cars. On the opposite side of carrier from 
the railroad is a **Wicks" Patent Cane Un- 
loader, which requires the services of one 
unskilled laborer only to effect the unloading 
of 00 tons of cane or /more per day of twenty- 
four hours. The cane is then passed through 
a set of revolving cane knives preparatory 
to going through a Krajewski cane crusher, 
and from here it is passed through four sets of 
mills with three rolls each and the bagasse is 
elevated and discharged into a conveyor, with 
gates regulated in the openings to fire suffi- 
cient fuel to each automatic rotary furnace 
feeder, provision being made for any surplus 
amount of bagasse opposite each furnace. The 
boiler installation is of the multitubular type, 
fitted with the Honolulu Iron Works' step grate 
furnaces. 

The mills, intermediate carriers and eleva- 
tors are driven by two Corliss non-condensing 
engines of ample power, while the cane un- 
loadcr, revolving knives, bagasse carrier and 
automatic furnace feeders are all driven by 
electric motors. The pumps used for macerat- 
ing the bagasse as it passes from one set of 
rollers to the other are also electrically driven ; 
and a mechanical juice strainer receives all 
the juice (diluted) from the different mills, 
returning the residue and delivering same be- 
tween the first and sfcond set of rollers to be 
recrushed. All of the juice from the mills is 
pumped into the clarification house, first into 
a Hedemann patent juice weighing and auto* 
matic registering machine, from where it is 
delivered into the liming tanks, then pumped 



through the juice heaters and finally into the 
settling tanks, from where the clear liquor is 
drawn off and passed through the sand filters 
before going into the evaporator. The residue 
from the settling tanks is then pumped through 
the usual filter presses, the mud or final residue 
from same being conveyed outside the building 
and discharged into cars for the purpose. F«r 
washing the filter cloths, two all-metal washing 
machines and one power wringer are installed. 
An elevator in this house takes up lime, filter, 
press cloth, etc., from the ground floors to the 
higher floors. The evaporator is of the "Lillie" 
patent type (quadruple effect), with pumps 
electrically driven and of ample capacity. In 
this house a complete set of modem sand filters 
are installed. In the boiler house three 

vacuum pans of the Express system are in- 
stalled; of ample capacity to handle all the 



juices delivered by the mills. 

All apparatus under vacuum is controlled 
by the latest Central Condensation System 
known, and consists of one large main con- 
denser into which the vapor from the auiil- 
iarj- condensers connected to each apparatus 
under vacuo is drawn, the central condenser 
being connected to an air cylinder of sufficient 
capacity attached to a suitable Corliss engine. 
This installation works perfectly. 

For the drying of sugar there is the requisite 
number of centrifugals, with all the latest im- 
provements, conveyors and elevators for sngar 
from these machines to the steam heated dry- 
ers and bagging bins, all driven electrically. 
There are also installed sufficient large me- 
chanically operated crystallizers, principally 
used for graining low grades of sugar, also 
electrically driven. 

The water supply of these factories is fur- 
nished by a compound automatic duplex fly 
wheel pump of late design, with an auto- 
matic regulator from the storage tower to the 
throttle of the engine, thus insuring always 
a plentiful supply of cold water. A passenger 
elevator in the sugar room connects all floors 
in the boiling house, and the sugar room itself 
is directly connected to the shipping shed 
through which the cars pass and are speedily 
loaded with the marketable product. The elec- 
tric installation consists of one 110 K. W. 
alcernating current generator, with direct con- 
nected engine of ample capacity, and a 5 K. W. 
generator of the same style and design, which 
supplies all the power necessary for the differ- 
ent electrically driven installations, as well as 
for the proper lighting of the factory and cane 
storage yard. 

Since the starting up of the two latest fac- 
tories "B'' and **C" little or no trouble has 
been experienced from mechanical defects, and 
the Taiwan Sugar Company were so well 
pleased with the performance of their new 
works that they placed an order with the 
Honolulu Iron Works Company for one more 
complete new factory, with steel buildings, for 
a capacity of 1,000 tons of cane per day, 
also an order to increase the present factory 



FACTORY "C,'* HAVING LARGEST AREA OF CANE. 



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August 14, 1909.] 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



109 



THIS IS A COMPLETE, MODERN FACTORY, HAVING A CAPACITY OF 4r»0 TONS OF. CANE PER DAY. 



**('" from 1,200 tons* of cane per day to 2..S00 I 
tons daily capacity. We may here add that 
owing to the destruction of wood flooring by 
injurious insects in Formosa these factories 
have all been furnished with steel checkered 
plate floors. 

During the year of 1908 no less than seven 
new sugar factories were being installed, three 
of which were being put up by the Honolulu 
Iron AVorks Company, who had to refuse one 
of the others on account of being overcrowded 
with work and therefore unable to make it in 
time. In addition to the new factory ordered 
from the Honolulu Iron Works Company, and 
the addition of l.GOOtons daily capacity, to 
the other, there is still one other new fac- 
tory ordered by another Formosan firm, which 
the Honolulu Iron Works Company could 
have had, had they been able to deliver in 
the time wanted. As the works in Honolulu 
are now so much crowded with new work, both 
for Hawaii, Formosa and elsewhere, a large 
portion of the new work now on order will 
have to be made in the eastern States. 

We should say that within the next five 
years Formosa will be a prominent factor to 
be considered in the world's output of sugar. 
In Formosa, Japan has a very serious problem 
confronting her, in the civilization of the esti- 
mated 80,000 savages who still have complete 
control of the mountains and the eastern side 
of the entire length of the island, there be- 
ing five distinct tribes of that race on the 
island, which necessitates a large force of 
military being continually kept on the island 
in readiness for an emergency. 

We may add that the Taiwan Sugar Com- 
pany now have five sets of steam plows at 
work. (These steam plows were the first 
introduced into Japan in the year of 1906.) 
*^ey have thoroughly equipped laboratories in 
charge of competent chemists, as well as up- 
to-date factory equipment for sugar house 
control and field agriculture, which places 
Formosa in a favorable position to produce 
sugar in competition with other countries. 
With better plowing and the greater use '^f 
fertilizers no doubt a great improvement in 
the tonnage of cane per acre will be eflfected. 



Formosa cane crops are annual. Planting 
generally begins in January, finishing as late 
as April sometimes, and harvesting begins the 
latter part of December. Great efforts are 
made to get all the cane harvested by not later 
than the end of April, as after that it b*»''»ns 
to deteriorate very rapidly. 

An abundant supply of cheap labor can al- 
ways be commanded in Formosa, which is 
quite a feature, and toward.*? the latter end 
of 1S)08 large numbers of Japane e coolies 
from the agricultural districts in the south of 
Japan were imported by the Taiwan Sugar 
Company on three years' contracts, getting 
.So sen (ITVjc) per day for men. A large 
proportion of the factory hands are women 
who work equally as well as the men in sev- 
eral departments. The climate of Formosa 
is not a healthy one, being very malarious. 



Those interested and desiring further infor- 
mation concerning this beautiful island should 
read "Formosa Past and Present," profusely 
illustrated, by James W. Davidson, who was 
the United States Consul on that island dur- 
ing the Japan-China war. 



Literary Notes. 

August Weismann's paper on Charles Dar- 
win, which The Living Age for August 14 
reprints from the Contemporary Review^ is one 
of the most important and possibly the most 
authoritative of the many surveys and sum- 
maries of the great naturalist's services to sci- 
ence, evoked by his centenary. 

An article on **The Reforms," which The 
lAving Age for August 14 reprints from the 
Hindustan Review, throws light upon the ---- 
tive Indian view of recent Fnglish policy in 
the administration of India. It is written by 
Mr. Swinny, editor of the Positivist Review, 
and it shows plainly that the native Indian re- 
gards the recent reforms as a first "'^^tqllment 
of larger privileges. 

In an article on "The Modern Surrender of 
"Women," which The Living Age for August 
21 reprints from the Dublin Review, Mr. G. K. 
Chesterton treats the modern feminist and 
8Ufl:ragette movement from a new point of 
view. The same subject is touched upon, from 
still another point of view, in an article on 
"The Extinction of the Upper Classes," which 
The Living Age for August 7 reprints from the 
\incteenth Century. 



Personal. 

Mr. Thos. J. Flannagan, one of our leading 
sugarhouse- engineers, sailed this week for 
Humacoa, P. R., where he is in charge of 
Centrale Eljemplo. Mr. Flannagan is one of 
the leading members of the Louisiana Engi- 
neers', Chemists' and Sugar Makers' Associa- 
tion, and will be sadly missed by his fellow 
members, as amongst his other good qualities 
1 e is a first class "chef" and usually has charge 
of their "menu" during their summer outings at 
Milneburg. 



TAKOW, WHICH WILL BE THE. MAIN SHIPPING PORT OF FORMOSA. 



Digitized by VnOOQ IC 



110 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xUli, No. 7 



The Working and Curing of Hot Room 
Products in Tropical Countries. 

(A paper read before the Louisiana Engineers, 
Chemists and Sugar Makers' Association by A. L. 
Dauterive and Louis Thoman. Aug. 12th 1909.) 

lu discussing the subject of **Hot Room 
Products," only the outlines have been consid- 
ered, as, of course, we all know the subject to 
be a deep one and the allotted time too short to 
exhaust all the details of this process. 
Common sense, of course, tells us that in the 
management of sugar houses a great deal de- 
pends upon conditions and the equipment of a 
factory to obtain the best results and natural- 
ly one must act and guide himself in accordance 
with the existing conditions. 

In the tropics, or rather at the place from 
which these observations were derived, our 
sugars remained in the tanks and cars about 
twenty-one days. 

No doubt you are all aware that the climatic 
conditions down there are 5uch that the origi- 
nal Louisiana hot room is dispensed with, al- 
though sugars are dropped in cars and tank» 
in the same manner as Louisiana goods, but no 
effort is made to control the heat, as the cars 
and tanks mentioned above are not in any en- 
closure. 

Now, in getting down to the particular point, 
and 1 might say the object of this paper, I 
will state that we started with an initial purity 
of eighty-six and reduced, it so as to drop our 
magma for the so-called tropical hot room with 
a purity of forty-seven to forty-eight, and 
purged from that a final molasses of 32.2, the 
average for the season, and in individual eases 
we showed a purity as low as twentp-five. 

It is a fact, which can be substantiated by a 
number of members of this organization, that 
very few houses in tropical countries are 
equipped with enough tanks and cars to allow 
their sugars to cure and in cases of this kind 
their molasses could not be expected to run as 
low as in factories where more time is allowed 
for the crjstalliiation of sugars. 

The liming of juices, as ascertained by ex- 
perience, plays a very important part in the 
after products or hot room goods, as this is 
the place where overwhelming or underliming 
makes itself most apparent. 

An overlimed juice besides retarding crystal- 
lization has a tendency to discolor the sugars 
and many other bad effects, while an under- 
limed juice has its equal disadvantages, taking 
for grantod that the boiling in both cases 
were under the same conditions. 

Juices, properly tempered, and having re- 
ceived the required treatment throughout the 
house, especially the boilinp: to suit conditions 
of the hot room, should give sugar polarising 
somewhere about eighty-seven degrees, without 
the use of any wa*h whatever. The particular 
house where our information was gleaned, an 
average of 4.4 gallons of molasses were made 
per ton of cane. 

Now, as regards the seconds or hot room su- 
gai-s, which were made, all were re-melted and 
boiled in the vacuum pan, so as to hold our 
polarization of entire output to raw sugars 
testing 95.8 degrees sucrose. 



Crystallizers and Crystallization in 
Motion. 

(A paper by Mr. John Fuchs read before the 
Louisiana, Engineers. Chemists and Sugar Makers 
Association Aug. 12. 1909.) 

The principles underlying crj-stallization in 

motion have long been known, but it is onlv in 

recent years that a practical application of 

them has been made. The theory of this form 

of crystallization is based on the fact that by 

keeping the grains of sugar in constant motion 



they are brought in contact with fresh portions 
of the so-called supersaturated sugar solution, 
from which they gradually abstract sugar, 
thereby increasing in size each individual grain. 

There are many forms of crystallizers. some 
open, some closed, some horizontal and some 
upright. Some have mechanical stirrers for the 
purpose of keeping the massecuite in motion, 
and some use compressed air for the same pur- 
pose. Some have steam pipes for heatinp" and 
water pipes for cooling: some use the same 
set of pipes for both heating and cooling, using 
hot water, then gradually letting the tempera- 
ture of the water fall until it reaches that of 
the air. 

Personally I favor a closed horizontal form, 
with mechanical stirrers, paddles which should 
be kept slowly turning, making not more than 
two revolutions per minute. About three days 
is the proper length of time for crystallization 
of low products ; say those below 55 purity ; 
above this purity the process may be some- 
what shortened. The temperature should at 
first be about 145 F. and on the last day should 
be allowed to fall to about 100 or 110 F., 
when the massecuite may be sent to the cen- 
trifugals. 

Most crystallizers are U shaped vessels gen- 
erally holding a strike of sugar, having an ar- 
rangement to control the cooling. If too rapid, 
false grain is formed. The heat and circula- 
tion allows the mother liquor to deposit its ex- 
cess of sugar on the grains that were formed 
in the pan. 

When the sticky mass of impure sugar crys- 
tals coming from the vacuum pan is introduced 
into the crystallizers the chemist can make 
control tests from dav to day in the laboratory 
with a small centrifugal and can tell if the 
boiling has been properly done. When a low 
purity of massecuite gives a high purity mo- 
lasses it indicates false grain and grains not 
properly tempered. The growth of the crj'Stals 
is affected by the temperature and how fast the 
evaporation had taken place. The temperature 
is controlled by the vacuum and the boiling 
upon the heat in the coils. " By proper regula- 
tions of the vacuum and the temperature, the 
sugar boiler can control the pan and produce 
any kind of sugar required. 

With slow boiling at low temperature and 
gradual charging of the pan the grain will be 
large. Graining high in the pan and continu- 
ous charging at high temperature fhe grain 
will be fine. If a strike is put into the crystal- 
lizer at a high temperature the heat causes 
foam and gases to be formed. Unless the 
crystallizers have a cooling and a vacuum ar- 
rangement it is best to reduce the temperature 
during the process of boiling and at the finish- 
ing of the strike. 

On a plantation in Cuba I added a certain 
amount of dry crystallized car sugars, that I 
had on hand, testing from 83 to 88 sucrose, to 
the crystallizers, the resulting sugars purged 
freely and tested about 96. If I had any great 
quantity of second sugars I would add same to 
the crystallizers instead of the screw, as it does 
away with the melting and boiling back. The 
average purity of crystal lizer massecuite is from 
55 to 6G ; the resulting molasses averages from 
',M to 35 purity. The advantages of crystal- 
lizers are, saving of space, saving of fuel and 
a slightly increased yield over the results from 
a hot room. 



Crystallizers vs. Hot Room. 

(A paper by Mr. E. D. Vlgnes read before the 
T^ouisiana Engineers, Chemists' and Sugar Makers' 
Association. August 12. 1909.) 

In making compari.'*on between crystallizers 
and hot rooms, we must take into consideration 
what liquor goes to each. As crystallizers are 
worked to-day the liquor that goes into them 
is of a much higher purity than that which 
goes into cars in the hot room. 

In managing the product for the hot room, 



it is much different from working the ploduct 
for the crystallizer. For crystal lizer work the 
molasses of from 50 to 56 purity is taken into 
the massecuite of the pan and when the pan 
is full and thoroughly mixed is dumped into 
the crystallizer and this substance remains un- 
til reduced to the proper purity and that re- 
quires from three to five days — that depends 
upon the consistency of the massecuite, and the 
necessary amount of grain to a given quantity 
of molasses. 

Should there be an excess of molas>es the 
tendency would be towards having a false for- 
mation, which would make it impossible to 
dry, for we consider working the goods for 
crystallizer one of the most delicate operations 
and requires a great deal of care. There is no 
known standard by which we can work. Each 
individual strike requires the attention of both 
chemist and sugar maker. The chemist, to 
get the purity of the molasses and the sugar 
maker to give the proper proof, depending on 
the given purity. 

In making comparison between the crystal- 
lizer and hot room, we should remember the 
original cost of the crystallizer. the interest on 
the money invested and the cost of keeping 
the crystallizer in operation during a shut- 
down which takes place on Sundays and 
fiestas, which is a large cost in the tropics, 
where fuel is a luxurj*. All of these expense^! 
are avoided by the use of the hot room. 

Were we to put the same liquor in the cars 
in the hot room as we do in tlie crystallizers 
the benefit would be to the crystallizer. but in 
a properly worked sugar house the purity of 
molasses going in the hot room is not over 45 
purity. This low polarization is obtained by 
the proper working of niolasse-« in the cut 
strike of the pans, whilst the certain per- 
centage of sugar obtained by putting this low- 
purity molasses in crystallizers would not give 
as good results, w^hich has been proven by prac- 
tical experimeHts, as the writer has on .«everal 
occa^sions taken molasses from crystallizers, re- 
boiled it and put into the hot room and ob- 
tained fiOO pounds of dr>- sugar from 1,500 
pounds of massecuite. 



Electrical Supplies. 

The Electric Appliance Company, of Chi- 
cago, with branch establishments in San Fran- 
cisco, Dallas and New Orleans, of which our 
friend. Colonel C. Robert Churchill, is the New 
Orleans representative, has just issued its cata- 
logue No. 30, for the year 1909-1910. It is a 
splendidly gotten up octavo volume of about 
a thousand pages and covers practically every- 
thing in the way of electric appliances. Every 
establishment with an electrical outfit of any 
importance and ever>* one using electrical sup- 
plies will find this catalogue a complete hand- 
book, covering everything electrical, from the 
simplest telephone to the intense st arc light 
and all the intervening ground. O. K. water- 
proof wires and cables, Paronite rubber cov- 
ered wire and cables, Ansonia magnet wires, 
Packard incandescent lamps, Packard trans- 
fermers. Adams-Bagnall arc lamps, Sangamo 
alternating current wattmeters, Sangamo di- 
rect current wattmeters, galvaduct conduit, 
standard conduit boxes and fittings, WTiitney 
electrical instruments, Wagner A. C. power 
meters, Emerson A. C power meters, Emerson 
A. C. and D. C. fan meters. Colonial D. C. 
power meters. Colonial D. C. fan meters, P. C 
and W. enunciators. Couch and Seeley inte^ 
communicating telephones, all these and hun- 
dreds of other items are enumerated; a fine 
table of contents is included, with cypher 
codes to facilitate telegraphic orders. Write to 
Colonel C. Robert Churchill, president and 
general manager, 205-7-9 Chartres strett, New- 
Orleans, U. S. A. • 



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August 14, 1909.] 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



Ill 



Ao^ 13th. 

5UGAR. 

Claripibd^ 

96« Te«t 

Plantation Qranulated 

Choice White 

Off White 

Choice Yellow 

Prime Yellow 

OffYellow 

Seconds 

Opbn Kbttlb Cbntripuqal, 
>LD Process Opbn Kbttlb. 

MOLASSES. 

)PBN ICBTTLB CBNTRIPDOAL' 

Jld Procbss Opbn Kbttlb< 
'^bntrifuqal 

CANE SYRUP. 



WEEKLY MARKET REPORT. 



1909 



Aug. 7 



- @405 

- W - 
4K@ - 

- @4A 

4H<^4>« 
Nominal 



Nominal 
@ - 
None 

None 



Aug. 9 



— @405 
(8 

iH@ - 

- @4A 

fj4(94A 
Nominal 



Nominal 

- (& - 

None 

None 



Aug. 10 



- @4(5 

- (3 - 

C«4tV 
4V4@4A 
4«®4M 
3Ji«4A 

Nominal 

- @ - 



Nominal 

- C» - 
None 

None 



Aug. 11 



3 ^^H 

- a - 

4>i(^4A 
4>i@4^ 
H%@4,V 
2H^^H 

Nominal 



Nominal 
None 
None 



Aug. 12 



- @408 

- ^ - 
4>gS - 

^}A 
4^@4^| 
2h(sSH 
Nominal 



Nominal 
- O - 
Nominal 

None 



Aug. 18 



SaMBwlMtlMr 



- ^408 

- (^ - 

- <»4A 

4«@4>^ 
3?^f»4TV 
2?f(®3% 

Nominal 

- O — 

Nominal 

- @ - 
None 

None 



- S4 08 

- (& ' 

- - 

- (i 
43^0 - 
4Mi6m 
4H(§4X 
2?i@3?i 

4 @4>^ 

- @ - 



None 
- @ - 
Nominal 

None 



TtMtf ■•ftotal 
CiMt tf Wttk. 



Steady. 



Norcinal. 



NomlDal. 



OTMPR MARKBXS. 



Nbw York: 

CentrifugalB. 96* 

MuBCOTado, 89*^ 

tfolasses Sugars, 89°. . .. 

G^ranulated 

Standard A 

London : 

JaTa, No. 15 D. 8 

k, and Q. Beet 

Cabes 

XXXX Powdered 

Standard Powdered 

Fmit Powdered 

Coarse Powdered 

Standard Fine Qranulated. 
Standard Fine Qranulated 

in lOe-lb. mmtkm in bulk 

Confectioners Candy A . . . . 



- ®i 05 

- ® 

- ® 

- @4 8^ 

- 04 70 



lis. 
lOs. 



61 
lOKd. 



@i 05 
@ - 
@ - 

^4 a^i 

(»4 70 



lis. 61. 

10s. 10>^d. 



@4 05 
@ - 
@ - 
(a;4 85 
Ca>4 70 



ll9. 9d. 

lis. -d. 



@4 08 
@ - 
(a - 
@4 85 
04 70 



111. 10>id. 
lis. 3d. 



- @4 08 

- (S — 

- (ii*4 70 



lis. 2>4d. 



^4 08 

® - 

C<>4 85 
(S4 7J 



lis. 
114. 



91. 
2>4d. 



- ii4 08 



(^5 10 
(&4 95 



lis. IKd. 
lOs. O^d 



Raws Strong. 



Oood demand. 



CAVB- Dull 
and rather 
easier. 

Bbbt— Quiet 
and steady. 



NEW ORLBAINS RBF^IINED. 



- @5 15 

- («5 05 

- Cd>f> OO 

- C«5 00 

- C^SOO 

- (^4 90 


- @4 90 
^4 9j 



@5 15 
@5 05 
^5 00 
(^5 00 
@5 00 
(§4 9J 


@4 90 
@4 90 



~ @5 15 

- @6 05 
@5 UO 

- @5 00 

- (§5 00 

- @4 9i 

~ @4 90 

- ®i 9J 



@5 15 


@5 05 


(^5 00 


(35 00 


@5 00 


(^4 93 


^4 90 


(pA 93 



- ^5 15 

- @5 05 

- (^5 00 

- (»5 00 

- ^5 00 

- ^4 90 

- Ca4 90 

- (^4 90 



(^6 15 

- (&5 05 

- Co5 UO 
^5 00 

- (pb OU 

- ^4 90 


- ^4 90 
(a4 90 



(^5 40 
^5 30 
(&b 25 
<^5 25 
^5 25 
(&b 15 

^5 15 
(Sb 15 



Very Firm. 



STOCKS. 

At four ports in the United States to Aug. 4, 1909 '297,836 Pout 

AtfourportsofQreat Britain to July 1,1909 111,000 •' 

At Cuba, Biz ports to Aug. 3, 1909 131,000 •' 



Receipts aad BalM at N«w Oriaans. for th« week eadlof Auff. 13, 1009 

' S\igar • Nolaaaaa 

Hhds. Barrels. Barrels. 

teoeiTcd ... - 5,281 1,258 

sold .; - 8,C61 1,258 



Receipts aad ealee at New OHeaae fr«ai Sept. 1. 190S. te Aug. 13, 1909. 

S\jgar » HoUaaa* 

Hhds, Barrels. Barr^^ 

Received - 1,756,861 277,770 

Sold 1,72<,972 277,370 

ReoelTcd same time last year ... — 1,873,774 270,883 



RICE. 

^OUQH. per bbl. 
Honauras 



Japan 



CLEAN, per lb. 
Honduras: 

Head 

Straights... 
Screenings . 
No. 2 



Japan: 

Head 

Straights... 
Screenings. 
No. 2 



8raN| per ton . . 
^ousH, per ton. 



Aug. 7 



4 16@5 00 



4 @6>i 

8 @4 

2 @2H 

2 @ 

3 @SH 

2 @2K 
2 @ - 

20 03@22 00 
26 00@26 00 



Aug. 



4 0e@4 75 



4 @6>i 
3 @4 
2 ®2^ 
- @2 



3 ®^h 

r ®-- 

2 ®2H 
2 @ 

20 0@22 00 
25 00(8)26 00 



Aug. 10 



3 7504 66 



4 ^^H 
3 @4 

2 @2yi 

- @2 

3 @3H 

- @ - 
2 @23i 
2 @ — 

20 00<g22 00 
25 00026 00 



Aug. U 



3 60@4 75 
- « - 



4 ^^H 
3 04 

2 02« 
- 02 

3 (a3H 
. - - 

2 02>i 
2 0-^ 

20 00(§22 00 
26 00026 00 



Aug. 12 



3 6004 75 

- - 



4 06^ 
3 04 
2 02^ 



3 03^ 

- @ 
2 02>i 
2 0- 

20 03022 00 
25 00 d26 00 



Aug. 18 



3 6004 75 



4 06X 

3 04 

2 02>i 

2 0- 



3 033i 
- - 
2 02>i 
2 — 

20 00^22 00 
26 00^26 00 



Same Day 
LaAt Year 



2 7504 40 

Nominal 



- (»6>i 
33i04;^ 
-@^% 
2«@2?6 

3><(94;i 

- @ 

3 (d3^ 
2Ji^2?g 

17 60021 60 
26 60029 CO 



Tone of Market 
at close of week 



Hondtra -Steady 
Japan— a 
Nominal. 



Hondnrae- 
Sieady. 



Japan Bteadj. 



e^'tiPta ibas far this week 

S^ Ipte time for thl« eeawon 

«ki.HptJi dnrtnc «irii# tlnae liuit year. 



R.«o«lpta «Lnd S«Llaa s^t Na^w Orlaana. 

SftekaRoarh. PoekeU of Glean. 
21.817 1,092 

8>),039 2,758 

4 ',857 None 



Sales thus tbifl Week (iaoladliic 

Salee thus fl^r this Heaaan, 

Ralee dmrlog aame tima Last Tear 



Saeka Reuf h. Paakela of Otaas 

reeelpU). t^ 14,008 

88,576 24,^87 

88,758 17 288 



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112 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xlill. No. 7 



WANTS 



We will publish hi this colnmn free of charge 
nntU fnrther notice, the applications of all man- 
agers, oTerseers, chemists, sngar-makers and oth- 
ers who may be seeking positions, and also the 
wants of planters and sngar manufacturers de- 
siring to employ any of these. 

These adTertlsements will be inserted until 
they are pushed out at the bottom of the column 
by the Influx of new advertisements at the top. 
Any advertiser may have his advertisement re- 
Inserted anew, however, if he will write It out 
again and send It in to us. 

We cannot undertake to forward by mail replies 
to the advertisements in this celumn, even though 
postage be supplied, and, to secure publication In 
the issue of the succeeding Saturday, they must 
reach us not later than Thursday morning of 
each week. 



HELP WANTED. 



ONE head choinlst and one assistant chomlst 
for coming campaign In sii^nr house. Address 
with references ; Box P. Rjigle Lake, Texas. 8-8-00 



WANTED for a sugar estate In the B. W. I., 
a good practical workman, thoroughly familiar 
with the Louisiana system of cultivating th.^ 
Bugar-cone anvil with the most Improved imple- 
ments, must bewllllng to supervise the working 
of steam ploughs if required. Apply, stating ex- 
perience, to P. A. Lelono, 518 Iberville Street. 
New Orleans, La. 8-3-09 



WANTED thoroughly competent plantation 
manager for large established sugar plantation in 
Mexico. State age, experience, qualifications and 
salary expected. Give references. Address 
*'Mex,'* in care of this paper. 7-19-09 

WANTED two assistant sugar boilers. Ad- 
dress Thos. C. Glynn« Chamberlain, La. 

7-14-09. 



A couple to take charge of a boarding house. 
Prefer couple where man can attend to a small 

farden and cows and woman run boarding house, 
'or particulars address P. O. Box 1*, Eagle Lake. 
Texas. 7-10-09 



ONE assistant engineer, one clarlfler man. one 
head centrifugal man, who can bring four good 
centrifugal men with him. Address Laftette 
SuoAB Ref. Co., Lafayette. La. 7-7-09 

CHEMIST — Two experienced chemists — those 
accustomed to sugar house work and taking hourly 
tests through all stages — slay and night. Must be 
sober and industrious — and speaking knowledge 
of Spanish desirable. Address with references, 
experience, salary expected, etc., Prairie, care 
Louisiana Plantkr. 7-7-09. 



CLAKIFIER — Two experienced clarlflers. must 
be sober Industrious and have a speaking knowl- 
edge of Spanish. Address with references, ex- 
perience, salary expoctevl, etc. Prairie, care 
Louisiana Pi.anter. 7-7-09 



LIQUOR RUNNER — An experienced sugar re- 
finery man. accustomed to bone black work. 
Must be sober and Industrious. A speaking 
knowledge of Spanish desirable. Address with 
references, experience salary expected, etc., Prai 
KiK. care Loiisiana I'lanter, 7-7-09 



LILLIE. triple and quadruple effect operator, 
centrifugal man, with experience. Must be sober 
and Industrious, with a speaking knowledge of 
Spanish. Address with references, salary ex- 
pected, etc., Prairie, care Louisiana Planter. 

7-7-09 



SUOAR HOUSE engineer and assistant. Must 
be thoroughly competent, sober and industrious, 
not afraid of work. Address with reference, 
salary expected and other information, Prairie. 
care Louisiana Planter. 7-7-09 



WANTED — A young man. ambitious, careful 
and experienced In a large sugar refinery in New 
York or New Orleans, capable of taking charge 
of a 400 barrel house. Address in confidence 
with full particulars, Cosmos, care of Louisiana 

PLANTER. 7-7-09 

SUPERINTENDENT FOR MEXICO — One ac- 
customed to control of help ; systematic dis- 
ciplinarian. Knowledge of and speaking Spanish 
necessary. Capable of exercising chemical con- 
trol and economical manager of labor, etc.. Must 
be sober. Industrious and hard worker. Some 
experience in real refining desirable. Address 
with references, experience, salary expected 
and other particulars. Prairie, care Louisiana 
Planter. 7-7-09 

SUOAR BOILERS FOR MEXICO— Sober, 
indufltrlov. close boiler. Head and" assistant 
wanted. Sneaking knowledge of Spanish desirable. 
Address with references, experience, salary ^x- 
pectevi, Prairie, care Louisiana Planter. 7-7-09 



WANTED Sugar house engineer for 500 tona 
factory in Porto Rico, to make repairs and al- 
tera tlons, and take off crop. Apply stating age, 
•xpeiience, references and salary expectations. 
Knowledge of Spanish desirable, but not essen 
tlal. Some knowledge of draughting is also de- 
sirable. Must be available about Sept. 1. Apply 
to l»ost Ofllce Box No. 1 — PatlUas, Ptrto Rico. 

6-30-09. 



O.NB coint>*'te4t chemist with cane expeiience 
Most thorouglily understand chemical c«>ntrol. Three 
assistant cheiuieis. Want«d 'or the c -nil ng Louisi- 
ana crop. F. P. Brbnem i/',7529 St Charle- Ave, 
NewO leans. 0-36-09 



SITUATION WANTED. 



POSITION wanted as hea^l or assistant over- 
seer on sugar plantation ; am 28 years old single, 
have had years of experience in the gbowing of 
cane : am now manager ou Banana plantation in 
which I have had years of experience In Jamaica. 
B. W. I.. Can furnish first class references If 
reoulred will accept position in Louisiana or New 
Orleans. Address K. Stewart Sharpe, Care 
Arch Deacon Sharpe, Retreat. Jamaica B. W. I.. 
8-13-09 

ro.SITION as a manager on plantation in 
Spanish America, or West Indleu, where Spanish, 
prln^'lpally, Is spoken ; the plantation to be either 
sugar cane; coffee or banana: con control the 
making of sugar by modern machinery. Am a 
mechanical engineer nn\I a sugar maker, fifty- 
five years old, well preserved. In good health, and 
do not drink spirits at all. L. V. Fleurier, 717 
Ursullnes St., New Orleans. 8-12-09 



POSITION as sugar maker for Louisiana or 
Cuba, can furnish good refereace^. J. W. Car- 
MorciiE, Bayou (k)ula. La.. 8-11-09 



POSITION for the coming season by a first 
clas all around sugrr house man to operate 
the Llllle or Standard effects or as foreman of 
the Centrifugal deoartment. Had many years 
experience In Louisiana. Texas, Mexico and Cuba. 
Will go anywhere. <»uaranteiHl references, can 
speak sufficient Spanish for all working purposes. 
W. H. 1120 (raieunle Street. New Orleans. 8-11-09 



CHEMIST, three years exnerience, with en- 
gaeement In Louisiana, desires position in West 
Indies or Mexico. Thorough knowledge of chemical 
control. Address stating when season opens. 
I'hemist, .3526 Laurel St.. New Orelans. 8-11-09 



POSITION as chief engineer, have been em- 
ployed since F'eb. 1st at a good plant ; verv best 
(.f references. Address machinist. Bux 3r>2. 
Donaldsonvilie La., 8-11-09 



l*OSlTION wanted by a first class double effect 
man ; can furnish references and also knows how 
to operate LilUe Multiple effect. Address P. 
Ramirez, 831 Toulouse St., New Orleans. 8-11-09 



POSITION as electrician for coming grinding 
season ; best of references furnished. Address 
(Jeo. I). Si'OFFORD, 919 Iberville St., New Or- 
>^^«P«- • 8-11-09 

POSITION wanted by an electrician. Willing 
to hold same on any plantation In Louisiana or 
elsewhere. Avldress L. Scara, 2422 Mara Is St., 
New Orleans, La., 8-10-09 



VOI:N(t married man with sober habits desires 
iK)8ltion as clerk or store manager by September 
1st. Can furnish references. Address Louis 
Briggs, Plaquemlne, La., 8-9 09 



POSITION as sugar weigher anywhere; sober, 
white amerlcan of 28, good education. Address 
N. R. LaRue, Gen'l Delivery, New Orleans, 8-9-09 



POSITION wanted as bag filter man are press- 
man and also a good clarification mnn. Aodress 
L. Faulk. 1012 Vlliere Street. New Orleans. 7-9-00 



CHDMIST, college graduate, nine years ex- 
perience In sugar manufacturing in America & 
Europe; as chemist, assistant superintendent and 
sugar boiler, wants position for coming season. 
Best of references. Address Chemist, 271 Illcks 
St., Brooklyn, N. Y., 8-9 09 



BY two all around first class sugar house men ; 
positions for the coming season as first and second 
sugar Iwllers. Have had 25 years experience In 
Louisiana, Texas, Mexico. Cuba and Porto Rico. 
First class references . can speak enouj^h Spanish 
for working purposes. Address G. G. 1120 
Galennle St. New Orleans. 8-9-09 

POSITION wanted for the coming crop or for 
the year 1910 as assistant overseer. Familiar 
with the position ; can furnish good references ; 
nm .37 ears old and married : would be willing 
tn commence at living waees. with promotion 
after. Address W. M. S. Houma, La., 8-8-09 

POSITION as locomotive engineer on plantation, 
refernces furnished Address Locomotive, 22.16 
Marals St., New Orleans. 8-8-09 



SITUATION desired by a suear house manager 
and chemist of thorough and long experience. 
vers€^l in all branches of sugar manufacturing and 
arrangement and control of factories ; posted on 
cane and beet culture, have been employed in the 
States and in different sugar producing countries ; 
at present third year with same company In trop- 
ical country. Best recommendations. Address G. 
A. Stolzenbttrg, 310 North Lincoln Ave., Bay City. 
Mich.. U. S. A. 8-809 



AM open for engagement as superintendent for 
sugar house or Alcoliol factory specialis for Fer- 
mentation of cane-Molasses and expert distiller. 
R. B. Greve.nbero, An«ley Mississippi. 8-8-09 



PLA<^E as machinist on a plantation. Address 
Thos. Gib.son, 440 St. Charles St. New Orleans. 

8-8-0l> 



STANDARD Triple or Double Effect man dealrea 
a position for the coming season; can furnlsii 
best of references ; Address F. Mosemax. 032 
Bienville St. New Orleans, La.. 7-7-U9 



I»OSITION to run double effect in a sugar mill 
by a yjiung man, aged 28. Have had five years' 
experience at same on Riverside and Avalon plan- 
tatitns. Address John Morgan^ Montpelier. La. 

8-609 

AN exj»prienccd cane factory superintendent 
and chief su^c;ar boiler, with 22 years' experience 
from a hibor itcry bey up. desires to contract with 
lome l.n;?e ir.picnl sugar manufacturing com- 

)any as superintendoiit or chief sugar maker. 
Thcr^ughly understards working low grade su- 
;ar> to obtain go«>d res;:lt«i. Best refereii.*es. Ad- 

rrss P. O. Box 103. iiimiltco City, California. 
8-6-09 

A POSITION by a first class sugar maker, who 
has had charge of one of the largest houses in 
the State for the last fifteen years. References 
furnished. Apply 1244 Annunciation St. 

8-6-09 

POSITION ns cane derrick operator or other 
work around mill in Louisiana or elsewhere. Can 
furnish reference. Address N. salvages, 700 
Camp St.. New Orleans. La. 8-6-09 



POSITION as second engineer and machinist 
on sugar plantation in I^uisiana or elseWherc. 
For reference address United Fruit Co., New Or- 
leans. La. Address Geo. M. Burns, 527 Julia 
St., New Orleans, La. 8-6-09 



POSITION as electrldan for the coming season. 
Have been on plantation for the last seven years. 
Be^t references can be furnished. H. A. Mabtin, 
416 Bburbon St.. New Orleans. 7-6-09 



WANT position as head clarlfier in Louisiana. 
Mexico or elsewhere. Have had 35 years* ex- 
perience and can furnish best of references. Ad- 
dress Lewie Daunoy, 1117 Kerlerec Street, New 
Orleans, I^. 8-5-09 



I\OSITION wanted by young married man on 
any sugar plantation in Louisiana. Am expe- 
rienced In sugar house machinery and capable of 
handling mill. Address Gainsran Wolff, 3917 
Annunciation Street, New Orleans, La, 7-5-09 

PRIMARY teacher, holding 3rd grade state cer- 
tificate, wishes posllon in country. References 
given. Address 1315 Josephine Street, New Or- 
leans, La. 8-5-09 



WOULD like a place as assistant overseer for 
this fall and next year. Address, John D. Mo- 
rX)NALD, Greensburg, La. 8-5-09 

SITUATION as overseer or manager of sugar 
plantation by an up-to-date planter, or would 
take an Interest in the place with man who had 
other business to attend to. The writer had large 
experience. No matter how large the pla%'e may 
be or where. Address J. J. L., Franklin, Iau 

CHEMIST and sugar bouse superintendent with 
17 years of practical experience in Louisiana and 
Cuba Is open for a position for the coming season 
In Louisiana or Tropics. Speaks Spanish. Best 
references. Address S. S. P. O. Box 175, New 
Orleans, La. 8-4-09 



as sn^rar house engineer, sugar 
)airrnff 



POSITION 
maker or machinist, for erecting and repairTnir 
machinery, by an experienced man, who is also a 
licensed chief engineer for vessels of 1,500 gross 
tons. Am 55 years old, well preserved and sober. 
L. F. Fleurier, 717 Ursullnes St., rear bouse. 
New Orleans. 8-4-09 

POSITION as chemist for coming lionlsiana 
crop. Can furnish necessary references. Address 
F. B. Stem care S. McCoknell, 111 St. Anthony 
Street, Baton Rouge, La. 8-4-09 



CHE?MIST with technical training and several 
seasons* experience In Louisiana and Cuba, desires 
position in West Indies. Have a fair knowledge 
of Spanish. Address Chemist. 1611 tJrsnIines 
Street, New Orleans. 8-8-09 



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The Louisiana Planter 

and Sugar Manufacturer 



A Weekly Newspaper Devoted to the Sugar, Rice and Other Agricultural Industries of Louisiana 



Vol. XXXXIII. 



NEW ORLEANS, AUGUST 21, 1909. 



No. 8. 



The Louisiana Planter 

— AND— 

Sugar Manufacturer 

OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE 

tIx)uisiANA SuGAii Planters' Association, 
American Canb Growers' Association, 
Ascension Branch Sugar Planters' Association.. 
i^uisiANA Sugar Chemists' Association, 
Kansas Sugar Growers' Association, 
Texas Sugar Planters' Association, 
Interstate Cans Growers' Association, 
The Assumption AcRicuiyruRAL and Industbul 

Association, 
the louisiana engineers, chemists and sugar 
makers' association. 



PaMshed «t New Orleans, Uu, every Saturday Morning: 

BY THE 

LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR 

MANUFACTURER CO. 

Devoted to Louisiana Aoricultiire In general, and 

to the Sugar Indostrj In particular, and In all 

its branches. Agricultural, Mechanical, 

Chemical, Political and Commercial. 



EDITORIAL CORPS. 

W. C. STUBBS, Ph. D. W. J. THOMPSON. 

W. W. PUGH. JOHN DYMOND. 



Entered at the Postofflce at New Orleans as 
second-class mall matter, July 7, 1888. 

PER ANNUM 

Terms of Subscription (Including postage) . . .93.00 
Foreign Subscription 4.00 

ADVERTISING RATBS. 



Space 



1 month 8 month month 12 month 



llnch 

llnch 

8 Inch 

4lDch 

5 Inch 

0lDOh 

llnch 

8 Inch 

91noh 

to Inch 

Half Page. 
Full Page. 



$600 
960 
14 60 
19 00 
28 60 
28 00 
82 60 
86 00 
88 00 
40 00 

eooo 

100 00 



$12 60 
24 00 
86 20 
47 60 
68 76 
70 00 
81 16 
90 00 
96 00 
100 00 
160 00 
260 00 



$18 76 
86 00 
64 40 
71 26 
88 16 
106 00 
121 76 
186 00 
142 60 
160 00 
226 00 
400 00 



$26 00 
48 00 
72 60 
95 00 
117 50 
146 00 
162 60 
180 00 
190 00 
200 00 
300 00 
600 00 



All communications should be addressed to Thi 
Louisiana Planter, 389 Carondelet street. New 
Orleans, La. 

LIST OF ORGANIZERS. 



McCall Brothers, 
McCall & Lbobndrb, 
Lbon Godchauz, 
James Tbllbr, 
B. Lbmann & Bro.. 
Leoncr Son I at, 
Louis Bush, 
W. B. Brickell, 
W. C. Stubbs, 
John Dtmond, 
Daniel Thompson, 
F0O8 & Barnbtt, 
H. C. Wabmoth, 
Lucius Forstth, Jb., 
Bdwabo J. Gat, 

SBATTUCK ft HOPFMAN, 

Bmilb Host. 
Thomas D. Millbb, 
Schmidt ft Zibolsb, 
T. G. McLaurt, 
li. S. Clabk« 
J. B. Lbvsbt, 
Simpson Horkor, 
W. B. BLOOMmu), 

W. W. SUTCLDriB, 

John S. Moore, 

lAMCfl C. MUBPHT, 

inn, Wbbbb, 



R. Beltran, 

LUCIEN SONIAT, 

D. R. Calder, 
L. A. Bixis, 
Hero ft Malhiot, 
W. J. Behan, 

J. T. MooRB, Jr., 
Edwards & Haubtman, 
John A. Morris, 

E. H. Cunningham, 

R. VlTERBO, 

H. C. Minor, 

C. M. SORIA, 

J. L. Harbis, 
j. h. murpht, 
Andrew Price, 
E. ft J. KocK, 
Wm. Garig, 

ADOLPH BiETBB, 

A. A. Woods, 
Bradish Johnson, 
George P. Andbbtom, 
a. l. monnot, 
Richard MiLLixax, 
W. P. Miles, 
Lezin a. Bbcnbl» 
J. N. Phaxb, 
Jules J. Jacob. 



The Cane Crop. 

The reports coming in from the various su- 
gar parishes indicate extremely hot weather 
as generally prevailing and this following 
the previously hot and rainy weather is forc- 
ing the cane crap ahead in a remarl^able 
w£^ and such :ph rases as growing finely, 
booming, making rapid strides, etc., seem to 
be the characteristic descriptions given iby 
those who are noting the rapid progress of 
the crop. The cessation of the rains for now 
about a week have been very beneficial to the 
rice planters, but this Is the season of the 
year when the cane crop utilizes an immense 
amount of moisture and now a lack of rain 
is complained of in some cases and a sus- 
pension of rains at this season would be a 
calamity so far as the sugar cane crop is con- 
cerned. The present situation in the cane 
fields is about all that could be asked and 
we have every present .promifie of a large 
cane crop and must necessarily expect fre- 
quent rains during this summer season. 

BijcCarj^o of Sui^ar. 

The press dispatches report the arrival in 
New York of the steamship Mercedes de 
Larrinaga from Clenfuegos, Cuba, with a 
cargo of 6,500 lomg tons of sugar, the largest 
cargo received In New York in many years. 
When the average production of the Louis 
iana sugar houses is only about 1,500 lon« 
tons each, we can readily see that this ship 
brought in at one load sugar equal in quan- 
tity to what four of our average sugar houses 
would produce in an entire season. This 
sugar would seem to have been held back 
at Clenfuegos for lower tariff rates. Any- 
way, It was reported as the first cargo of 
sugar that came in under the new tariff, 
which, however, would not affect it, pre- 
suming that the sugars were all raw sugars 
of about 96 test. 



Com to be Klii|r. 

Thirty-two years ago Samuel J. Tilden 
went to Europe for a rest after his 
harrassing contest for the presidency, in 
which the famous, or infamous, electoral 
commission decided that he had not been 
elected. When he returned he delivered an 
address to a large party that had assem'bled 
in front of his house in Gramercy Square. 
New York, to receive him. It is said that 
at that time he entirel/ ignored the political 
situation, making no reference to It, but 
dwelt upon the increasing importance of our 
trade with Europe and cited com in partic- 



ular as the great staple that was going to 
w^ork a revolution in the maikets of the 
world. At that date, thirty-two years ago, 
in September, he declared that within a 
reasonable time this country would probably 
produce 3,000 millions of bushels of corn, 
worth at least 1,600 millions of dollars. 

From every estimate that can be made 
by the United States Department of Agri- 
culture and from every report that comes 
to us from throughout the entire country, it 
becomes evident that Samuel J. Tllden's 
prophetic 3,000 millions of bushels of corn 
will be produced in the United States this 
feoason and that his estimated value of 1,300 
millions of dollars for the same will be con- 
siderably exceeded this season, it probably 
reaching two thousand millions of dollars in 
value. 

Those familiar with the financial panics 
of this country during the last fifty or more 
years will recall how many years it took 
to recover from the panics of 1857, 1873 and 
1893. The panic of 1907 promised similar 
requirements in the way of enforced econo- 
mies and diminished outlays in private and 
puhlic buildings, and especially In railway 
construction and city Improvements, all of 
which requirements have been in force dur- 
ing the last two years. But within the lim- 
its of two years from the outbreak of the 
panic of 1907 we now find ourselves on the 
eve of entire recovery, or entirely recovered, 
and that, because of the enormous develop- 
ment of American agriculture and the won- 
derful success that has come to it during 
these recent years, and especially during 
1908 and 1909. Hon. James Wilson, our 
eminent industrious, persistent and optimis- 
tic Secretary of Agriculture, has been a very 
prominent factor In all of thi3. When panic 
comes, its relief lies in the fertility and 
productivity of our lands ahd these have 
been availed of to a marvellous extent dur- 
ing the last two years and have been made 
successful of course by the energy and in« 
telligence of our entire agricultural com- 
munity, to all of which Mr. Wilson base lent 
his aid, and that has counted for much. 



Imports of Su|rar. 

Wo have already given some general fig. 
ures as to the Imports of foreign sugars 
for the fiscal year ending June 30th. From 
the grovemment reports of the Department 
of Commerce and Lahor we now get further 
details, which will be found of interest. The 
total foreign value of sugars Imported into 



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114 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



[Vol. xliil, No. 8 



the United States for the fiscal year ending 
June 30th reached 97 millions of dollars in 
value and 2,947,000 short tons in quantity. 
These figures do not include our imports 
from Porto Rico nor from Hawaii, but do 
include 42,000 short tons, valued at $1,600,- 
000, from the Philippines. Of these imports 
of sugar reaching 97 millions of dollars in 
value, we received 69 millions of dollars 
worth from Cuba, or 1,431,000 short tons. 
The next largest source of supply was Java, 
from which we received 458^000 short tons, 
valued at 18 millions of dollars. Germany 
was our next largest source of supply, but 
falls away Into small figures. No sugar 
came in from Germany this June at all, 
although considerable did come in June of 
last year, in fact, in the one month of June 
last year we- received 69,000 short tons of 
bet sugar, valued at $3,^00,000. In June 
this year wf received none and throughout 
the calendar year the receipts have been 
48.000 short tons, valued at $2,457,000 
About 17,000 short tons of sugar came in 
from Oreat Britain and these are the sugars 
that are so very light in color and yet of 
low polarization and of which our sugar 
refiners seem particularly afraid. Mexico, 
our immediate neighbor, whose excess in 
production of cane sugar demands that they 
now annually export some 15,000 or 20,000 
tons, sent us about 1,900 tons, valued at a 
shade over $100,000, while from the British 
West Indies we received nearly 8,000 short 
tons, valued at $342,000. Brazil has been 
sending us in more or les low grade sugar, 
but very little of late, but altogether some 
13.000 short tons, valued at about half a 
million dollars. The sugar above No. 16 
Dutch Standard aggregated 2,937 short tons, 
being but a very small fraction of the total 
imports. 



Boet Sui^ar Laads. 

A striking Incident of the tariff debates 
recently held in Washington was the state- 
ment made by Senator Reed Smoot. of 
Utah, that the United States contains 274 
million acres of beet sugar land. In mak- 
ing this statement he quotes from the re- 
port of the Secretary of Agriculture to the 
Senate on April 26th of this year, and if 
one acre out of twenty of this was culti- 
vated in beets find the beets made into sugar 
it would supply the entire consumption of 
the whole country. 

In looking at the future of the sugar in- 
dustry^ as we have written in the columns 
of this Journal, it seems manifest that the 
time will come when the United tSates wll! 
produce sugar in such wonderfully large 
quantities that it will be exported to Europe, 
just as Europe now sends us a supply when 
our home and adjacent productions are 
short A hundred years ago a man would 
have been thought Insane if he had serious- 
ly argued that the country west of the Mis- 
souri would be shipping grain to Europe 
within the limits of a century. For three 
thousand years eastern Elurope has been 



the wheat granary of the world. The great 
development of the wheat industry in the 
United States made it quickly a large ex 
porter of wheat^ but the time now seams not 
distant when America will consume all of 
her own wheat and England is manifesting 
considerable anxiety as to her own future 
supply and is very much disposed to foster 
the wheat fields of Western Canada and far 
up to the north, almost to the Artie Circle, 
where in that section of the continent wheat 
is said to fiourish. 

The beet field Is the natural congener of 
the wheat field and all Europe that has been 
engaged in wheat culture is actively engaged 
also in beet culture. With such a vast area 
of laud in the United States available and 
capable of profitably utilizing such an im- 
mense amount of labor as is required in beet 
culture, it would seem that within another 
century we shall be just as able to export 
sugars to Europe as we are now to export 
wheat to Europe. With 274 millions of acres 
of land available for beet culture it becomes 
simply a question of the profitableness of the 
industry and of the preparation and ex- 
ploitation of the lands. In the United States 
we are now consuming about three million 
long tons of sugar. The beets to produce 
this could readily grow upon three mllllonfi 
of acres of land and would leave 271 mil- 
lions of acres available for other purposes. 
If we can send wheat and corn to Europe ai 
the present time, does it not seem likely 
that within another century we shall have 
attained all the skill, capital and labor that 
are now required in Europe and that we 
shall then be able to send to Ehirope what 
sugar she may need and let Europe go into 
the still more Intense or garden cultures 
which are the necessary concomitants of 
high priced lands and large populations. 



The Cane Suirar Industry in the Valley 
of the Red River. 

The advent of the boll weevil in central 
and western Louisiana has led to the plant- 
ing of hundreds of thousands of acres of 
corn beyond the area usually devoted to that 
sta]>Ie. The crop of corn in Louisiana this 
year is estimated at 40 millions of bushels, 
as against 20 millions ordinarily. This 
change from cotton to corn culture has been 
conspicuous in the Red River valley and 
particularly in Rapides parish. Rapides 
parish, before the Civil War, was one of the 
most noted sugar districts in the State of 
Louisiana. During the war the sugar houses 
were destroyed, as the Red River was a 
conspicuous battle ground for the contend- 
ing armies. After the Civil War the high 
prices prevailing for cotton led to the aban- 
donment of the sugar plantations as such, 
and their re-establishment as cotton planta- 
tions, and with very few exceptions the in- 
dustry has taken this shape until the recent 
invasion of the boll weeviL The immediate 
alternative crops that presented themselves 
for the consideration of the Rapides parish 
planters were those of corn and of rice. 



Rice first of all is an aquatic plant and 
many planters dislike to engage in its cul- 
ture, which is certainly far less attractive 
than dry culture plants, such as com, cot- 
ton and sugar cane. Apart from this, rice 
culture has its own difficulties in the way 
of competent irrigation, loss by storm, in 
prices by the glut of the market, etc. 

We should think that the planters of 
Rapides parish, perhaps more seriously than 
any of the others affected with the boll 
weevil, would now turn their attention to 
sugar oane, it having in the past been such 
a great success in that section of the State. 
The alluvial lands of the Red River are 
different in their characteristics from the 
alluvial lands of the Mississippi. The lat- 
ter, while extremely fertile, are less friable 
than those of the Red River valley and are 
frequently very stiff. The lands of the Red 
River -valley are closely related in their 
character and composition to those of the 
famous Bayou Teche country and also to 
those of the valley of the Brazos and the 
Colorado, in Texas, where the sugar indus- 
try fiourishes most in the Oyster Creek and 
Old Caney localities. 

While the lands of Rapides parish are 
much lighter and more readily and more 
cheaply tilled than are the lands of the riv- 
er parishes, they still have the depth and 
fertility that seem so essential to the suc- 
cessful growth of sugar cane. Sugar canes 
grow nowhere in the State better than they 
do in the Red River country, and while cold 
weather comes earlier there than in the 
sugar parishes further south, the cane seems 
to mature earlier in the Red River imrlshes 
than in those further south. 

The quality of the soil imparts itself to 
the produce of the soil and in the cane su- 
gar industry these salts of the soil that give 
flavors to the produce are left in the mo- 
lasses. Similarly to this, the famous vine- 
yards of the Champagne district, in France, 
furnish the wines that could be had no- 
where else and even the grapes that are util- 
ized for the production of brandy come from 
special districts, such as that of Cognac, and 
as dealers in molasses and in sugar in New 
Orleans after the Civil War we had scores 
of orders for the bright, fine flavored Red 
River molasses, which had become so well 
known up throughout the West during the 
decade preceding the Civil War. 

The open kettle sugar industry that pro- 
duces these fine flavors is practically a thing 
of the past. There are now syrup factories 
developing all over the State along moder- 
ate lines that are producing more or less 
fine cane syrup, much of which will carr/ 
with it the characteristic fiavors of the soil. 
Cane syrup and cane molasses, however, 
are different products. The cane syrup Is 
the concentrated cane juice and the molasses 
is the residual produce after the manufac- 
ture of the sugar from this syrup and In the 
ope9 kettle processes in certain soils mo- 
lasses of extremely fine and of very positive 
fiavor was produced. Ooospicuous in this di- 



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Augqst 21, ljM)9.] 



THE LOUISIANA PLANTER AND SUGAR MANUFACTURER. 



115 



rectlon was the molasses from Rapides par- 
ish and the country immediately below it 
on the Red River. 

Early this season it was reported that 
thoae familiar with the sugar industry in 
the Red River valley were endeavoring to 
secure sugar cane with which to again en- 
gage In the industry. The sugar Industry is 
one in wliich those desiring to engage in 
it cannot do so all at once unless the/ buy 
out an existing outfit. It takes time to or- 
ganize a sugar plantation, to get the lands 
into condition to produce adequate cane 
crops and to build a sugar factory competent 
to carry on the work with due economy. 

It has been frequently said of late that a 
factory grinding 300 tons of cane per day 
could hardly exist any longer in Louisiana, 
whereas a factory of 500 tons of cane per 
day may be made profitable. We are rather 
skeptical about the lower limit given. The 
average sugar factory in Louisiana to-day 
produces about four millions of pounds of 
sugar, or about 2,000 short tons. If on an 
average of thirteen tons of cane be required 
to make one ton of sugar, we would find 
that the average cane consumed per factory 
in Louisiana at the present time would be 
about 25,000 or 26,000 tons and this, as a 
rule, during a campaign of about sixty days' 
duration, which would indicate an average 
of slightly over 400 tons per day consump- 
tion, or let us say of 500 tons per day, many 
factories consuming far more than that and 
some factories consuming far less thab that 
and yet seeming to do reasonably well in the 
industry. 

We feel quite sure that if Mr. E. V. 
Weems had his factory in position now in 
Ra|)ide8 parish, as he had it some years 
ago, no allurements in Mexico would now 
induce him to remove his factory there, 
as he did a few years back. He would cer- 
tainly avail of the invasion of the boll weevil 
as Just the time for the development of his 
factory interests in Rapides parish, which 
were quite successful while he retained 
them and his Mexican ventures, as far as 
generally reported, gives no evidence of any 
brilliant success. We sincerely hope that 
the sugar industry will again become con- 
spicuous in the parish of Rapides and this 
can only be done by Judicious combinations 
effected by those there interested, who will 
endeavor to m^ke the work a success, not 
as a speculation, but as a sound, safe and 
profitable business, all of which can unques- 
tionably be done. 



Sui^ar from Rai^s. 

In these days when Mr. Rockefeller is 
manufactdring butter from petroleum, it 
doesn't seem quite so singular that the Ger- 
mans should be manufacturing sugar from 
old rags. The English Tit-Bits makes the 
statement, which Is quoted by the West 
India Committee's Circular, that sugar is 
manufactured now in Germany from old 
rags. The rags ^are treated with sulphuric 
acid and converted into dextrine. This is 



treated with the milk of lime and is then 
subjected to a new bath of sulphuric acid, 
which converts it into glucose. The glucose 
obtained by this process is said to be identi- 
cal with that of commerce and may be used 
in the same way for the manufacture of con- 
fections, ices, etc. 

We had thought that the paper makers 
would take all of our old clothes, as there 
is so much declamation and writing about 
the short supply of paper stock, and especial- 
ly for the higher grades. And yet, now 
comes the German glucose manufacturer 
into the market, buying up our old rags, 
with a view of converting them into glucose 
and selling the glucose to the candy makers. 
What next? 



Portusrese 1 easants. 

It has at times been said that Portugal 
was the quaintest and most old fashioned of 
European States, in fact, to intensify this 
expression, it has been said that if Adam 
should return to the earth and fly over it, 
reviewing his past experiences, he would 
never feel at home until he reached Portu- 
gal, where he would recognize the country 
at once and say that things were Just as 
he had left them. In an article in the 
Living Age for August 14th there is given 
a letter from- a Portugese country house, 
which gives some data concerning Portu- 
gese peasantry that is quite intere